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International Journal of Library

Science and Research (IJLSR)


ISSN (P): 2250-2351; ISSN (E): 2321-0079
Vol. 6, Issue 5, Oct 2016, 51-56
TJPRC Pvt. Ltd.

ELECTRONIC RESOURCE COMPONENTS IN


INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ERA
M. S. CHANDRASEKARAN1 & K. NITHYANANDAM2
1

Research Scholar Bharathiar University, Coimbatore & Librarian, Central Polytechnic College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2

Professor, President Mala & Former Hod & Chief Librarian Hindustan University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu .India

ABSTRACT
The e-library is a repository of information stored in a numerous media ranging from periodicals, posters and
reports, microforms, slides, books, films, videos, audio, discs, audio tapes, optical discs, magnetic tapes, floppy discs, etc.
Electronic Library of the future is likely to be part of a network. In theory, it is only necessary for one electronic copy of
a document to be stored in the whole world. A world electronic library would be a possibility.
KEYWORDS: Electronic Library, Information Technology, Information Age

INTRODUCTION
Concept
IT is electronic advances utilized for gathering, storing, handling and communicating data. There are two
principle classifications those which process data, and those which disperse data, (for example, media transmission
frameworks). Information Technology (IT) has a more extensive meaning for custodians which incorporate into

Original Article

Received: Sep 23, 2016; Accepted: Oct 12, 2016; Published: Oct 21, 2016; Paper Id.: IJLSROCT20167

expansion innovations like, repro-micrographic technology, specialized communication technology; and database
creation and use.
The term Information Technology is widely used in UK, USA and India; Telematics is used for the
same in France and informatics is widely used in Russia and other socialist countries.
Scope
Dr. S.S Murthy says that data Technology is agent in the accompanying situations:

Library Management-Classification, listing, ordering, database creation, CAS, SDI, and so forth.;

Library Automation-Organizing databases and mechanizing library housekeeping operations;

Library systems administration Resource sharing and data spread;

Reprography-photography, microfilms, microfiche sound and video tapes, printing, optical plates, and so
forth.; and

Technical correspondence - Technical writing and composition, editing, DTP frameworks, publishing and
so forth.

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M. S. Chandrasekaran & K. Nithyanandam

Jenifer Rowley Outlined the Following Four Areas of Information Technology:

Methods and tools for recording of knowledge computer storage media (such as magnetic tapes, discs, etc.);
optical storage media and allowed the focus of activities to shift to the transaction recorded in the computers and
the people making decisions and performing various tasks. It enabled faster decision-making, elimination of
redundant work and better utilization of human resources (such as CDs); and products like text databases etc;

Methods of keeping records-PC equipment, programming, outlining, creating and altering databases, and so on;

Methods of ordering records and data mechanized lists and file documents; huge machine coherent indexes &
catalogues, network system of libraries; and

Methods of communicating information - Electronic mail, facsimile transmission, e- journals, tele- coordinating
and information communication systems.

Impact of Information Technology


The information Technology has a wide ranging impact on library and information work.

THE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY


An e-library manages both houses keeping operations like acquisitions, index & catalogue creation,
dissemination control, serial control. Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) and the generation of Management
information and data recovery frameworks like external databases and related services and items and inside or databases
and their related services and items. The related services incorporate Current Awareness Services (CAS), Selective
Determination of Information (SDI), and so on.
Online searching of external databases has been available since the early 1960s.
THE ELECTRONIC OFFICE
Offices are also concerned with information storage and retrieval. Hence, IT is widely used in offices.
An office is a place where people read, think, write and communicate. A number of devices were introduced in offices.
For example, the word processor was seen as a substitute for the typewriters and computers are used for filling of records.
The new technology affected the organization and nature of work in offices. New technology has freed office work from its
focus on the flow of paper between people and entertainment they need to function more effectively and enjoyable,
regardless of the format in which the matter is packaged. Therefore, much of what libraries and librarians do now will still
be done from story hours to literary programs, from community information services to internet tutorials we have also
learned that most of the old kinds of materials, particularly print on paper, will be popular and necessary for decades into
the millennium. We have learned that creating that feature is not a question of choosing one information format over
another. It is, instead, a question of integrating old and new, linear and multimedia. It is a question of finding the right tool
for every job and giving users the highest quality; fastest and least expensive access to that tool when it librarians are
alone in a position to meet the needs of providing digital education and equity through individualized tutorials and
classroom sessions and by connecting every one in town to the web and the net via the library. They are bringing the new
technologies to all the other agencies in town.

Impact Factor (JCC): 3.6829

Index Copernicus Value (ICV): 6.1

Electronic Resource Components in Information Technology Era

53

Future of Information Technology


The coordination, direction and control of all social activity depend on information. The age of information that
we are entering is in many ways analogous to the age of energy that stimulated the industrial revolution.
PARADOCES OF THE INFORMATION AGE
Dr. vary A Coates, Senior Associate in the Telecommunications and Computing Technologies programme of the
Office of Technology Assessment, US Congress catalogued the following as paradoxes of the information age:

It encourages political democracy. At the same time, it may result in economic elitism.

Information may be more widely dispersed, yet become less widely shared.

Systems that are designed to expand our capability for control may themselves grow beyond our capacity to
effectively control them.

The proliferating means by which information can be disseminated make it more difficult for authorities to
monopolise the direction of social activities.

Much information may well become less commonly available, less universally shared and thus less integrative of
community and culture.

As computer systems take over more and more intricate monitoring and control, they tend also to extend beyond
the direct intellectual group of their users. Very large systems are hard to document, monitor, diagnose, fix and
replicate.

Information Age
Information society emerged in the western countries is making a powerful impact even on the developing
countries. Impact of information technology on the socio-economic development is a matter of great discussion and great
concern to all the nations in the world. However, the future of information technology and its economic and social
consequences are as yet unclear.
The impact of information technology is described by different futurists in many different words. Some called it
as Information Society; Paperless Society; Global Village; Electronic Offices; Digital Libraries and so on.
Future of Libraries
The number of books and articles on future of libraries is countless. Mr. David Raitt questions that why should
libraries and librarians be singled out, or single themselves out? Is it because the information the librarians staple is
now available online an on CD-ROM and there are electronic books rather than paper ones? He himself answers that it
does not matter and librarians never bought every single printed tome or journal or encyclopedia or thesis or record
anyway. And why should librarians be so insecure about their profession and future? He further asks whether the same
question is put about schools and teachers? Will teachers still be around in thirty years? There are now all kinds of new
educational technologies-distance learning, education games, interactive learning and all kinds of this or that on CD-ROM
or diskette or tape. But I havent come across many debates about whether all schools should be closed and whether there
is a need for teacher because of it. Will shops and shop assistants still exit in 2024? Who ask that? With mail order

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catalogues and home-shopping possibilities via TV, who need to visit shops? The list is endless-banks (telebanking),
theatre/cinema (TV movies on demand), travel bureau (online)-but how often are these things questioned as to whether
their staff will still be there and needed?... it was going to take a long time for all this machine-readable and electronic and
video stuff to take a good, deep hold because there was going to be at least some resistance to spending ones life
interacting with a TV and reading everything on a small screen, with none of the pleasures that the look and feel and smell
of the real thing (books, magazines, clothes, food, etc.) bring. So in 2024, I noted, librarians would still be doing what they
do now and what they have always done; only they will have more new-fangled technology to help them do it.
John N Berry says that the library of the future is being created right now; right there in the library of the
present we have to let our practice be our guide. It is clear that there is no better place to define the library of the future
than in a working library and that library is quickly being defined by librarians and users as they work with all that the
present library has to offer. Consider the truths they have already asserted by the way they use that library
Total, cataclysmic change is not coming. The basic mission of the library, no matter what type of library it is, will remain.
It will be to ensure that people will get access to the opinion, information soon. Scientists are working towards
nanotechnology, including the development of molecule scale computers and photonic computers which use photonslight rays-rather than electronic rays rather than electronics, says Coates.
Information Superhighway
The vision of 'data superhighway' is straightforward an exceptional across the nation, and in the long run, overall
gadgets interchanges organize that interfaces everybody to other people and gives pretty much any kind of electronic
correspondence possible. You would have the capacity to connect to the system through your PC, intuitive TV, phone or
some future gadget that some way or another consolidates the qualities of each of the three. Indeed, even remote device, for
example, pagers, future renditions of mobile phones and brand new 'individual computerized collaborators' eventual ready
to take advantage of the roadway. The object is to give availability to remote electronic saving money, tutoring, shopping,
taxpaying, talking, diversion playing, videoconferencing, motion picture requesting, therapeutic diagnosing and the
rundown can continue endlessly. It is entirely conceivable that the most emotional and compensating utilizations of the
data superhighway haven't been imagined yet. When you get to specifics, tragically, things get fluffy quick. Absolutely
what frame will the data thruway take? At the point when will it happen? Everyone has an alternate supposition. As per
Michael Antonoff and others, there are two principle renditions. In one, the data roadway is a frivolity of Internet, as
existing worldwide embroidered artwork of PC systems. The center here is the composed word-gathering data and trading
it by means of a national email organize. The other plausibility the one that is around the prominent creative energy and
produced the most buildup comprises of arrangements to make a wealthier and more hearty intelligent TV organize, giving
video diversion administrations, for example, video-on-request.
Cyberspace
The internet is a term popularized by creator William Gibson in his 1984 novel Neuromancer. The internet exists
just as advanced bits put away or going in a PC network. The term obtains from the word robotics is the discipline / branch
that contrasted electronic control frameworks with the human sensory and nervous systems.
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Impact Factor (JCC): 3.6829

Index Copernicus Value (ICV): 6.1

Electronic Resource Components in Information Technology Era

55

FUTURE OUTLOOK
The speed of processing, however, already exceeds the speed of input and accessioning, so improvement in these
two areas will be a major focus of research and development. Another long range trend is the increasing compatibility of
hardware and more powerful easier-to-use packaged software. Expert systems are increasingly available; these software
packages make decision rules and knowledge gleaned from experts available to users through interactive dialogue with the
computer. Innovation literature speaks of the two factors of market pull and technology push. Market pull is the response to
demand or to perceived customer needs; and technology push is the imperative to explore and develop new areas of
technology long before potential applications can be discerned.
NEW EMPHASIS
Dr. Coates identified the following as the striking developments in information technology in the next few years,
which are, in fact, already well under way:

Digitization of all data;

New and more natural user interfaces;

Increasing mobility for information technology;

Specification, miniaturization and dispersion of information technology;

Multipurpose technology of boarder capability and greater flexibility; and

The networking of networks.


Digitization of data means the conversion of text, numerics, sound and visual images to binary signals that can

be manipulated, stored, transmitted and reconverted to its original form for delivery. This makes possible integrated
services, digital networks that can carry voice, data, text and video signals simultaneously. With the digitization of data,
there is a strong trend toward the capture of data at the source through automated teller machines, point-of-sale terminals,
hand-held computers, and optical scanners and readers. Great effort is going to the elimination of input devices such as
keyboards and mice that impede movement and activities. Speech recognition capability is improving. Work is in progress
to combine computer capabilities and human sensibilities to create virtual reality a simulation of physical and perceptual
conditions through what some writers have called a three dimensional interface.
Mobile communication is the fastest growing segment of telecommunications. Digital cellular telephones are just
around the corner which will increase cellular system capacity up to twenty-fold.

CONCLUSIONS
Hand-held notepad computers are just being offered that accept hand-written input. Information technology is
moving in two contrasting directions: greater specialization and greater diversity. Specialization in office technology and
process control technology is attractive because of the growing diversity of white-collar work, workers and workplaces.
The capabilities of todays personal computers, telephones, fax machines, copiers, printers and other equipment are being
combined into multipurpose, integrated workstations capable of handling text, calculations, voice communications, graphic
design and video display. In the next few years we should see rapid progress in several areas. High definition imaging
systems are on the way. Parallel processor computers have demonstrated speeds one hundred time that of conventional
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super-computers and a teraflop computer capable of 1 trillion calculations per second is expected.
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Impact Factor (JCC): 3.6829

Index Copernicus Value (ICV): 6.1