You are on page 1of 1

INNOVATIVE PRODUCT RESEARCH R&I FESTIVAL 2016

FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN AWAM & ALAM SEKITAR, UNIVERSITI TUN HUSSEIN ONN MALAYSIA

Development of Dual Water Supply System Using


Rainwater and Groundwater
01 PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
Rainwater harvesting (RWH) is
proposed as the concept of
accumulation and deposition of
rainwater for non-potable use
instead of allowing it to runoff.

07 SYSTEM STRUCTURES

(first flush tank), and storage


tank. The harvested rainwater is
also used to improve the quality
of groundwater.
Groundwater is extracted from a
tube well at a constant rate and
stored in a storage tank.

The system consists of


catchments subsystem
(rooftop), conveyance
subsystem (gutter, downpipe,
conveyance pipe) and filtration

TUBE WELL

TANK 1 (GROUNDWATER TANK)

PUMP 1

TANK 2 (RAINWATER HARVESTING TANK)

PUMP 2 & PUMP 3

TANK 3 (RWH + GROUNDWATER TANK)

GUTTER

MESH FILTER

FIRST FLUSH

RWH PIPE CONNECTION

FLAP VALVE

OVERFLOW &DISCHARGE PIPE

02 NOVELTY
The integration method of
use and improving the
sustainability of water resources groundwater quality.
(i.e. rainwater and groundwater).
A new storage tank design for
The rainwater will be harvested RWH which is more modern and
for two purposes, for non-potable space saving will be introduced.

03 APPLICATIONS
This system should certainly
provide an alternative water
source (provided the
groundwater is available) when
conventional treated water
supply is unavailable.

Potential to scale up to larger


extent and complex system so
that the collected water from
large areas could serve large
number of people (e.g.
institutional and industrial).

Able to simultaneously address


the water scarcity problem and
reduce the dependence on
domestic water supply.

This system can be applied and


installed at the places or states
that utilised groundwater as the
water supply and receive plenty
of rainwater.

05 PUBLICATIONS
Syafiqa Ayob and Siti Nazahiyah Rahmat (2016). Rainwater
Harvesting (RWH) and Groundwater Potential as Alternatives
Water Resources in Malaysia: A Review. Matec Web Conf.
Mohd Hazreek Zainal Abidin, Siti Nazahiyah Rahmat, Aziman
Madun, Saiful Azhar Ahmad Tajudin, Mohamad Faizal Tajul
Baharuddin, Mohd Fairus Yusof, Muhammad Nizam Zakaria and
Syafiqa Ayob (2016). Evaluation of Unknown Tube Well Depth
Using Electrical Resistivity Method. Matec Web Conf.
Siti Nazahiyah Rahmat, Niranjali Jayasuriya, Muhammed Bhuiyan
and Ahmad Zurisman Mohd Ali (2016) Analysis of Abrupt Change
in Rainfall and the Occurrence of Extreme Events. Advanced
Science Letter.

06 ANALYSIS & RESULTS


Sampling was carried out to measure the water quality. Samples
were analysed for pH and turbidity. The samples consist of 50% of
harvested rainwater and 50% of groundwater. The results obtained
are shown in the table 1.
pH
6.98
6.54
7.24

Turbidity
39.3
1.38
12.33

Table 1: pH and turbidity results

pH and Turbidity Result


45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0

pH
Turbidity

Rainwater
6.54
1.38

Groundwater
6.98
39.3

GW + RW
7.24
12.33

From the results obtained, it was found that rainwater can reduce
the amount of turbidity in the groundwater. The pH value is still
within the normal range where the normal range for pH in surface
water systems is 6.5 to 8.5, and the pH range for groundwater
systems is between 6 to 8.5. Other physical and chemical analyses
will be further explored. Through the analysis that will be done later,
suitable type of water filter will be identified and developed to be
added within the structure of the system.

Dr Siti Nazahiyah bt Rahmat


Senior Lecturer
Jabatan Kejuruteraan Air dan Persekitaran
Fakulti Kejuruteraan Awam dan Alam Sekitar

Dr Ahmad Zurisman Bin Mohd Ali


Senior Lecturer
Jabatan Kejuruteraan Struktur dan Bahan
Fakulti Kejuruteraan Awam dan Alam Sekitar

Prof. Madya Dr Norzila Binti Othman


Professor Madya
Jabatan Kejuruteraan Air dan Persekitaran
Fakulti Kejuruteraan Awam dan Alam Sekitar

Dr Mohamad Faizal Bin Tajul Baharuddin


Senior Lecturer
Jabatan Kejuruteraan Air dan Persekitaran
Fakulti Kejuruteraan Awam dan Alam Sekitar

Syafiqa bt Ayob
Postgraduate Student
Jabatan Kejuruteraan Air dan Persekitaran
Fakulti Kejuruteraan Awam dan Alam Sekitar

frahna karim 2014 https://www.behance.net/karimfrahna

Groundwater
Rainwater
GW + RW