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ECE_105_FNL_Fall_2014_final.pdf

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You are on page 1of 13

Final Examination

Fall 2014

Course Number:

ECE 105

Course Title:

Professors:

ID #: ____________________________

Signature ___________________________

Date of Exam:

Time Period:

12:30 pm 3:00 pm

Duration of Exam:

2.5 hours

(Including this cover sheet)

13

Aids Allowed:

Exam Type

Closed Book

Select this box if second side of paper is to be used for rough work calculations.

2. Make sure your calculator is in either radians or degrees, as required. If you use a

programmable calculator, make sure that the memory is cleared.

3. Ask a proctor to clarify a question if you think it is necessary. If the student proctor cannot

answer your question satisfactorily ask him / her to call the Professor.

4. Questions in Part C are worth 12 marks each. Answer only 5 of the 6 questions. If you answer

more than five, only the first five will be marked. Write full solutions directly in the exam

booklet, and put your final answer in the boxes provided. Use the back of the opposite page if

necessary; indicate clearly if you have done so. These will be hand-marked, with partial credit

given for correct procedure.

MARKING SCHEME

#A1

#A2

Part A

(1 each)

Part B

(3 each)

Part C

(12

each)

#A3

#A4

#A5

#A6

#A7

#A8

#A9

#A10

#B1

#B2

#B3

#B4

#B5

#B6

#C1

#C2

#C3

#C4

#C5

#C6

#B7

#B8

#B9

Page 2 of 13

increased until the object starts moving. If the surface is kept at this angle, the object

a. slows down.

b. moves at uniform speed.

c. speeds up.

d. impossible to tell

2. Consider a person standing in an elevator that is accelerating upward. The magnitude of the

normal force N exerted by the elevator floor on the person is:

a. larger than

b. identical to

c. smaller than

the magnitude of the force of gravity on the person.

banked curve?

a. The cars weight

b. The vertical component of the normal force

c. The horizontal component of the normal force

d. The force of friction

changes the moment of inertia.

4) True

or

False

on it at that instant.

5) True

or

False

change in its momentum compared with a smaller net force.

6) True

or

False

Page 3 of 13

7. What is the direction of the velocity of a particle at point P on the following wave, which is

traveling to the left?

a. Left

v

y

b. Right

c. Up

d. Down

P

e. None of the above

x

8. A wheel is rolling without slipping, and the velocity of its centre of mass is v. What is the

velocity of a bug that sits on the face of the wheel, directly above the centre and halfway

between the centre and top of the wheel?

a. v

v

b. 2v

c. 1.5v

d. 0.5v

e. None of the above

9. Rank the following objects in order of decreasing magnitude of net torque. All forces

(indicated with arrows) have the same magnitude, and all rods are uniform, with the same

length. In each case, X marks the pivot point.

a. c > d > a = b

b. b > d > a > c

c. d > a > c > b

d. d > c = a > b

e. None of the above

A

10. Rank the following objects, which all have the same mass, in order of decreasing moment of

inertia. The first three objects (two hoops and a uniform disk) have the same radius, R, and

the fourth object (thin rod) has length 2R. In each case the X marks the pivot point.

a. b > d > a > c

b. b > a = c > d

c. b = d > c > a

d. d > b > a > c

e. None of the above

Page 4 of 13

1. A 200 g block hangs from a spring with spring constant of 10 N/m. At time t=0s the

block is 20cm below the equilibrium point and moving upward with a speed of 100 cm/s.

What is the blocks oscillation frequency?

f=

Hz

2. Hail rains onto a flat 5.0 m2 roof. Half the stones bounce off and the other half remain

on the roof. If the roof can maximally withstand 500 N/m2 of force, at what rate can it

hail onto the roof (hailstones/s) before the roof collapses? Each hailstone weighs 25 g

and has a terminal speed of 25 m/s.

R=

supported at both ends with a string, as shown. If the angles

are = 24 and = 38 , find the location of the bars center

of mass (com), relative to the length L.

x/L =

s-1

Page 5 of 13

4. A car rounds a curve with radius R=70m, that is banked at 15 degrees. The coefficient

of static friction between the car wheels and the road is 0.6. Find the maximum speed at

which the car can round the corner without slipping.

vmax =

m/s

!

described by the equation: , =

! , with x and y in meters, and t in seconds.

!!

Find the tension in the string.

!! ! !!"

T=

of spring constant k=200 N/m is attached to the back

end of the second glider. As shown in the figure, the

first glider, of mass m1=1.5 kg, moves to the right

with speed v1=2 m/s, and the second glider, of mass

m2=5kg, moves more slowly to the right with speed

v2=0.5 m/s. When m1 collides with the spring attached to m2, the spring compresses by a

distance xmax, and then the gliders move apart again.

Find the speed v at the moment of maximum compression (before gliders start moving

apart), and the amount of maximum compression, xmax.

v=

m/s

xmax =

Page 6 of 13

7. A uniform sphere of mass M=2kg and radius r=30cm rolls perfectly down a plane with

friction (s=0.6, k=0.2) inclined at an angle =30 degrees with respect to the horizontal.

If it starts from rest, find the magnitude of the velocity of a point at the top of the sphere,

directly above the centre of mass, by the time the wheel has dropped a vertical distance

of 2m.

v=

has a mass of 0.5kg, and the lower block has a mass of

3kg. You apply a force of F=5N to the top block as

shown. If the coefficient of friction between the two

blocks is s=0.6 and k=0.2, find the magnitude of the

acceleration of the bottom block.

m/s

m/s2

a=

9. A continuous harmonic wave travels to the left, with speed v=3m/s, along an infinite

string. A point on the string experiences an acceleration that varies with time, ranging in

magnitude from 0 to 25 m/s2. The vertical distance between the points of maximum

upward and maximum downward acceleration is 5cm. Find the wavelength of the wave.

Page 7 of 13

Part C: Answer five (5) of the following questions. If you answer more than five, please

indicate which ones you want marked. Otherwise, only the first five will be marked.

springs attached on both ends with constants k1 and k2 and

undergoes simple harmonic motion (SHM). The two constants

are related by k1 = k2 /2. When the mass is 4 cm to the right of

its equilibrium position, its speed is 90 cm/s to the right, and

the angular frequency of the oscillations, , is 30 s-1.

a. (1 marks) What is the period of the oscillations?

k1

T =

k2

b. (2 marks) When the system is in equilibrium, how is the amount by which spring

1 is compressed or stretched related to that of spring 2?

x1 =

x2

A =

cm

v =

m/s

k1 =

N/m

k2 =

N/m

Page 8 of 13

mass distribution is uniform, and it rotates about a frictionless pivot

through the centre. Blocks of masses m=5kg and M=8kg are

suspended from the pulley as shown. The string attached to mass

M is wound around an axis that is a distance r=20cm from the

pivot.

R

! r!

!

m

!

M

kgm2

I =

b. (6 marks) Find the acceleration of each block, and the angular acceleration of the

pulley.

am =

m/s2

aM =

m/s2

rad/s2

c. (3 marks) If the system starts from rest, how long does it take for the pulley to

make one full rotation?

t =

d. (2 marks) What is the displacement of each mass after that time? (Choose up to

be positive displacement)

ym =

yM =

Page 9 of 13

frictionless pivot, and is released from rest in its vertical position. At the

instant just before the ruler is exactly horizontal find:

a. (3 marks) The angular velocity

rad/s

rad/s2

=

c. (3 marks) The tangential acceleration of the centre of mass.

a =

m/s2

a =

m/s2

Page 10 of 13

4. A pulley of mass M=10kg has an outer radius 0.5m, and a central hole

of radius 0.1m. Massless struts (not shown) allow the pulley to rotate

about a frictionless pivot at its centre. Two masses (m1=2kg and

m2=5kg) are hung from the pulley as shown, and are attached to two

springs with spring constants k1=250 N/m and k2=350 N/m.

a. (3 marks) Find the moment of inertia of the pulley

M2

M1

k2

k1

I =

kg m2

equilibrium, where is m2 located, relative to the unstretched position of k2? In

other words, by how much is k2 stretched or compressed?

x =

y1 above its equilibrium position, how far from equilibrium is m2?

y2 =

d. (5 marks) Find the frequency of oscillations. Hint: Write down an expression for

the total energy of the system in part c, in terms of the variable y. Differentiate

with respect to time.

f =

Hz

Page 11 of 13

5. A model rocket with a mass of 7kg is launched from the ground, at an angle of 30

degrees from the vertical. You know that its engine provides a constant thrust of 250 N

as it burns for a total of 4.5s. By neglecting air resistance, calculate:

a. (2 marks) The net impulse on the rocket in first 4.5s

I =

Ns

hmax =

c. (3 marks) The maximum horizontal distance traveled by the rocket by the time it

hits the ground.

hmax =

d. (3 marks) The total time for which the rocket is in the air

t =

Page 12 of 13

6. A lineman (mass m = 75 kg) sits on top of a vertical telephone pole (10.0 m tall and

mass of 175 kg) that is starting to tip because it hasnt been anchored in the ground

properly. To minimize the speed at which hell hit the ground, he decides to hold unto

the pole until his tangential acceleration equals the acceleration of gravity, g, and then let

go.

a. (4 marks) Find the height above the ground at which the lineman has to jump

from the top of the telephone pole ?

h =

v =

m/s

c. (3 marks) What is the speed with which he hits the ground if he lets go of the

pole?

v =

m/s

d. (3 marks) With what speed would he have hit the ground had he not let go of the

pole?

v =

m/s

Page 13 of 13

ECE 105 Final Fall 2014

Mathematics

x=

=

=

c2 = a2 + b2

~B

~

A

~B

~

A

AB cos

AB sin

2ab cos

p

b2 4ac

2a

cosine law:

vectors:

Fundamental Constants

g = 9.80 m s

Mechanics

vis

+

+

as

vis

2

vis

+ 2as

si

t

1

t + as ( t)2

2

vfs

sf

2

vfs

Relative Velocity:

1 ~

Fnet

m

1 dP

=

m dt

~B on A

F

~a =

Newtons Laws:

Second:

s FN

k FN

k s

on B

~A

F

Fs =

Third:

Hookes Law:

friction:

fs

fk

Rotational motion:

ar

!

vr

at

=

=

=

=

=

!f

!i2 + 2

i + ! i

!i + t

s/r

d/dt

!r

d!/dt

r

v2

r

1

( t)2

2

p

~

=

=

~

net /I

2

i mi ri

~

dL/dt

Ibody =

~

~

rF

t=

p

~ = m~

v

~

J~ = F

or

~

ext

t+

!f2

Linear momentum:

Impulse:

Torque:

moment of inertia:

I = mr 2

Ithin

rod

Idisk =

1

ml2

12

1

mr 2

2

Ihoop = mr 2

2

Isphere = mr 2

5

Parallel axis theorem:

I = Icm + M d2

Work:

Energy:

= Fs ds

~ ~

=F

r

= mgy

( s)2

1

mv 2

2

1

I! 2

2

1

k

2

dW

Ug

Us

Kr

~ is constant)

(if F

~ is conservative)

(if F

(gravitational potential)

(translational kinetic)

(spring potential)

! = 2f

1

kx2

2

!2 x

k=

kx, U =

(rotational kinetic)

f = 1/T

v = A! sin (!t + )

a = A! 2 cos (!t + ) =

Travelling wave: y = Ap

sin(kx !t + )

with v = /T = f = T /

Superposition of two

waves traveling in the

same direction:

2A cos (

/2) sin kxavg !t + ( )avg

2L

, where m = 1, 2, 3... (fixed ends)

m

2A sin (kx) cos (!t)

Standing waves: A(x) = 2a sin kx

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