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International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research

ISSN 2351-8014 Vol. 27 No. 2 Nov. 2016, pp. 354-364


2015 Innovative Space of Scientific Research Journals
http://www.ijisr.issr-journals.org/

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[ Problematic of preserving the architectural heritage and its sustainability (Sheikh


Sa'eed House in Dubai for example) ]
Mahmoud Ahmed Darwish
Professor of Islamic Archaeology, Faculty of Arts, Minia University, Egypt

Copyright 2016 ISSR Journals. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License,
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

ABSTRACT: With the advent of the idea of preservation of archaeological and heritage buildings as well known, architects
adopted the principle of restoration in general as a mechanism for the maintenance and conservation of these buildings,
however, with the development of concepts to keep gradually turning this concept of guaranteed protection of historic
buildings to the concept of sustainable preservation to include the retention and preservation of Origin side by the process of
field to the side, taking into account the values of perception its relationship to the urban fabric, characteristics of the society
who is included, and the connections to it.
The principles of sustainability appear in traditional housing in its compatibility with the environment with all its pluses and
minuses according to a framework of protection and adjustment, There are several basic principles, which were based on the
building of traditional housing, the principles of sustainability include: planning and dealing with the site, design thinking in
traditional housing, environmental design and conservation of energy, natural ventilation in traditional systems, and building
materials.
As multiple preserve the architectural heritage levels depending on the size and type of heritage and its importance, and are:
to maintain the heritage elements, keep one building, such as restoration and renovation of the buildings of heritage and
turn them into museums or tourist attractions, and the preservation of a group of buildings, or complete a heritage area.
Maintain policies that include two parts: preventive preservation and therapeutic preservation, which includes: protection,
preservation and strengthening construction and renovation, restoration, rehabilitation, reproduction and re-construction,
maintaining mechanisms: policies and other degrees of intervention, as policies also include renewal, refinement, repair,
maintain, restore neighborhoods retrieval, replacement, re-representation, and redevelopment.
The research aims to highlight the importance of architectural heritage of Dubai represented by Sheikh Sa'eed's House
(1896), which represents a model for arts of architecture in arabian Gulf region in the nineteenth century, and represents
as traditional architecture - the height of architectural modernism, and to highlight the importance of policies of architectural
conservation and sustainable for this house, which is integrated with the design of thought and traditional architecture. And
deals with the problematic of preserving the architectural heritage and sustainability, where highlights a comprehensive
picture of traditional architecture, where architects adopted the principle of sustainable preservation order to protect the
historic building, and awareness and appreciation of a comprehensive environment-urban and urban heritage and fabric, and
design using local building materials and simple techniques studied, according to the principles of sustainability.
The search follows descriptive and inductive approach terms of addressing the problematic of the urban heritage of
traditional architecture and the preservation of archaeological heritage buildings by adopting repair mechanism for the
maintenance and conservation of these buildings, and the transition to the concept of sustainable preservation, and deals
with the principles of sustainability in the conventional housing and levels, policies and mechanisms to preserve the
architectural heritage.
It also addresses through the analytical method applied study to preserve the architectural heritage and sustainability of the
home of Sheikh Sa'eed, and so converting it into a museum for the integration of sustainable design with the design thought
traditional architecture elements.

KEYWORDS: architectural heritage, traditional architecture, restoration, historic buildings, the sustainable preservation, the
principles of sustainability, architectural conservation, Sheikh Sa'eed's House.
Corresponding Author: Mahmoud Ahmed Darwish

354

Mahmoud Ahmed Darwish

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