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SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

MAIN MENU

INSTRUCTIONS

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR
( 3 PHASE WITH BOOT)

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR
( 3 PHASE, NO BOOT,
DRAW OFF PIPE FOR CONDENSATE )

VERTICAL SEPARATOR ( 2 PHASE )

SPREADSHE

HORIZONT
( 3 PHAS
WEIRPLAT

HORIZONTAL SE

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET


MAIN MENU

REV:
DATE:

A
FEBRUARY 1999

SPREADSHEET INFORMATION

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR
( 3 PHASE, NO BOOT,
WEIRPLATE PARTITION )

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR ( 2 PHASE )

FILE SEPARP1.XLS

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET


INSTRUCTION NOTES

REV:
DATE:

A
February 1999

I.PURPOSE

The aim of the separator sizing spreadsheet is to assist


the designer in saving valuable time resources by providing a
user-friendly spreadsheet in Excel to calculate sizing
parameters for both horizontal and vertical separators.

II.DESIGN BASES

A. Gas residence times are calculated using the normal liquid level
as the basis. In the case of the horizontal separator
with weirplate partition, the basis used is the height of
the weir for the gas volume. Dished end volumes have
been neglected for the gas residence time calculations.
B. K-values to be used as input data for the spreadsheets
are found in the GPSA Handbook(10thedition), figure 7.9 on page 7-7.
The K factors must be converted to m/s to be placed into
the spreadsheet. The purpose of the K-factor is for
designs which include woven wire demisters. Demisters
(mist extractors) can significantly reduce the required
diameter of vertical separators.
C. Dished-end volume calculations have been included for
both vertical and horizontal separators. For the
vertical separator, an option is provided for choosing
between semi-ellipsoidal and semi-hemispherical ends,
however, for all horizontal separators, the ends have
been assumed to be semi-ellipsoidal.
(Reference: GPSA Handbook section 6 Fig 6.21-6.22)
D. Other standards used in calculations include
API RP 521 Section 5.4.2 and calculations for the
standpipe were from EXXON Criteria in Design Practice 5B
(September 1978).

III.METHOD
The following procedure is a step-by step outline for the
designer.
A. Step One: Choose the type of separator required.
The separators available in this spreadsheet include:
-Horizontal, 3 Phase, with boot
-Horizontal, 3 Phase, no boot, weirplate
partition.
-Horizontal, 3 Phase, no boot, standpipe
for condensate.
-Horizontal, 2 Phase
-Vertical, 2 Phase

Page 1 of 3

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET - INSTRUCTION NOTES

Vertical separators are usually selected when the gasliquid ratio is high or total gas volumes are low.
Horizontal separators are most efficient where large
volumes of total fluids and large amounts of dissolved
gas are present with the liquid. For more information on
separators please refer to GPSA Handbook, Section 7.
B. Step Two: After the separator type is chosen, begin
inputting data into the cells of the spreadsheet which
have blue italicised text. Do not write in cells which
contain red or black text! Input data is summarised in
the top left hand side of the spreadsheet. Feed
flowrates, properties and nozzle velocity specifications
are entered in this section. Data on vessel
length, diameter and liquid levels are entered on the
vessel sketch. Unknown values need to be assumed,
otherwise errors will occur in the results.
C. Step Three: When all blue cells are filled - including the
dimensions on the sketch, the spreadsheet will calculate
all relevant values. The intermediate calculations can
be found below the sketch. Final output results are
listed on the sketch and in the top section of the
spreadsheet. All formulae are in red text.
D. Step Four: Before final outputs can be used, warnings
must be considered. Warnings appear in bold green text,
and will appear as "OK" when there is no warning present.
If a warning does exist, try to change the relevant
parameters to remove or reduce the warnings. These
generally relate to liquid levels in the separator and gas
residence times.
E. Step Five: Check your units!!! The units defined on the
spreadsheets can be found in the nomenclature section.
The notes section may also assist with understanding
which units to use. You can change the values in the
blue cells as many times as you like.
F. Step Six: When you have your final output, SAVE your
file by choosing the "SAVE AS" option under the "FILE"
menu in Excel . Make sure that you use a different file
name to the original master copy. (this will safeguard
against deletion of the master copy)
G. Step Seven: Your work is now ready to PRINT. You may
find that Excel does not have enough memory to display
the spreadsheet fully. The print range has been setup for
A4 landscape paper and will print only the first 2-3 pages of
the spreadsheet (the rest of the spreadsheet consists of
intermediate calculations). If you find that the spreadsheet
will not fit on the paper, choose "PAGE SETUP" from the
"FILE" menu in Excel and reduce the size of the sheet.
Page 2 of 3

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET - INSTRUCTION NOTES

Another option available is to choose A3 sized paper


(page setup menu) to print out your spreadsheet. It is
not recommended that the print area be altered as this
has been preset. However, if the print area needs to be
altered, please use the following procedure.
"TOOLS"
"OPTIONS"
"GENERAL"
"MICROSOFT EXCEL 4 MENUS"
"OK"
(HIGHLIGHT THE AREA THAT YOU WISH TO PRINT)
"OPTIONS"
"SET PRINT AREA"
IV. ADDITIONAL NOTES
A.

THE CALCULATION TITLE BLOCK

There is a title block at the bottom of each page


of the spreadsheet.
Spaces have been
provided for entering the calculation title, project
number and calculation number. These spaces are accessed
by moving the mouse pointer into the particular box and
clicking once with the left hand mouse button. At this
point, an object box will appear. Simply click inside
the box once using the left hand mouse button and enter
the data in the normal way. When you have finished
typing the information, move the mouse pointer to another
part of the spreadsheet and click once with the left hand
mouse button.
NOTE: While space has been provided on the title block
for entering the originators and checkers initials and
relevant dates, these spaces cannot be accessed by the
user. This is because signatures are required to be
hand written by the originator and checker.
B. MAIN MENU
The main menu on the separator sizing spreadsheet
allows the user to access any of the sheets in the
workbook through the use of a macro button. Once the
designer is in a particular worksheet, they can return to
the menu by clicking the "MENU" macro button in
the individual worksheet.

Page 3 of 3

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

SEPARATORS
HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with boot)
HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase, no boot, weirplate partition)
HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase, no boot, standpipe for condensate.)
HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (2 phase)
VERTICAL SEPARATOR (2 phase)

SPREADSHEET APPLICATION
Sizing of oil/gas/water separators for the hydrocarbon production industry.

BASIS
GPSA Handbook, Volume 1, Section 7. And also Section 6 Fig 6-21,6-22
API RP 521, Section 5.4.2 - Sizing a Knockout Drum

REVISION HISTORY
Revision P1 issued in February 1996 - file SEPARP1.XLS
With help from Don Borchert, Rod Harper, Nerrida Scott and Mark Sloma

INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE


Spreadsheet Conventions & Format

Input

Data to be entered by the user is shown on the screen in blue italicised type.
When printed the input appears in italics only.
Input data is summarised at the top left hand side of the spreadsheet. Feed
flowrates, properties and nozzle velocity specifications are entered in this section.
Information on vessel length, diameter and liquid levels is entered on the vessel sketch
described below.

Output

Cells containing formulae are shown in red text.


Cells containing formulae have been protected.
Final output data refers specifically to gas, oil and water residence times and oil and water
droplet settling times. This data is summarised at the top centre of the spreadsheet.
Data on calculated nozzle sizes and other vessel specific dimensions are shown on the
vessel sketch.

Warnings

Warning messages will appear to the right of the output data summary to indicate when
results fall outside the design criteria described in the KRJB procedure. Where results
satisfy the design requirements the message 'OK' will appear in the WARNINGS section.
Warning messages may also appear on the vessel sketch, however in this case there
will be no message if the input/output data meets the design requirements.
Messages are shown on the screen in bold green type. When printed, the messages
appear in bold type and will be enclosed in double asterisks.

Date and time printed:

19-Nov-16

7:26 AM

Kvaerner RJ Brown Pte Ltd

Page 1 of 2

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET - INFORMATION

Sketch

The vessel sketch appears immediately below the input section. Some input and final
output data is shown on this sketch as noted above. Intermediate calculation results
such as volumes and flowrates are also shown on the sketch.

Calculations

This section follows the sketch and includes all the equations and intermediate
calculations of the spreadsheet.

Defaults

These include specified residence and settling times.


Defaults are the minimum design requirements that are required for comparison
against calculations.
Other recommended values for variables or constants such as K, droplet size, V2 ,
maximum nozzle velocities and liquid levels may be found in the KRJB procedure.

Notes

This section includes some important equations and general assumptions used in the
spreadsheet.

Nomenclature

Nomenclature used in the spreadsheets including units used, is detailed below


the notes section.

Calculation Title Block


There is a title block at the bottom of each page of the spreadsheet.
Spaces are provided for entering the calculation title, project
number and calculation number. These spaces are accessed by moving the mouse pointer into the
particular box and clicking once with the left hand mouse button. At this point an object box will
appear. Simply click inside the box once using the left hand mouse button and enter the data in the
normal manner. When you have finished typing the information, move the mouse pointer to another part
of the spreadsheet and click once with the left hand mouse button.
Note: While space has been provided on the title block for entering the originators and checkers
initials and relevant dates, these spaces cannot be accessed by the user. This is because
signatures are required to be hand written by the originator and checker.
Printing
The print range is pre-set and covers all of the sections described above. Printing is carried out
by selecting the 'Print' command from the normal EXCEL pull down menu and selecting 'OK'.

Date and time printed:

19-Nov-16

7:26 AM

Kvaerner RJ Brown Pte Ltd

Page 2 of 2

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with weir, no boot)


INPUT

OUTPUT

Feed

GAS

OIL

Water

Flow (t/d)
Density (kg/m3)

2124.0

147.0

484.7

93.4

694.7

986.0

Viscosity (cP)
Droplet Size ()

0.01

0.46

0.51

Droplet Size ()
Droplet Size ()

Oil in Gas
Oil in Water
Water in Oil

150
150
150

RESIDENCE TIMES
Gas

Specified

Actual

(mins)

(sec)

5.0

2.796

Specified
(mins)
Right Side of Weir
HLL-HLSD
NLL-HLL

.v2 max for inlet nozzle (kg/m.s2)

3750

NLL-LLL
LLL-LLSD

.v2 max for gas outlet nozzle (kg/m.s 2)

4800

** WARNINGS **

Actual
(mins)
#VALUE!
6.31

#VALUE!
OK

1.5

6.68
5.73

OK
OK

3.0
1.5
1.5

LLSD to Outlet

1.0

3.34

OK

Max vel. in Oil out nozzle (m/s)

1.0

Oil Residence Time at NLL

4.00

15.75

OK

Max vel. in water out nozzle (m/s)


K Value (m/s) per GPSA fig 7.9
Mixture density (kg/m3)

1.0

LLL-HLL

12.99

1.00

117.5
RESIDENCE TIMES

Specified
(mins)

Actual
(mins)

** WARNINGS **

Left Side of Weir


SETTLING VELOCITY CRITERION
Maximum Allowable Gas Velocity (m/s)

0.76 m/s

Gas Velocity (m/s) - calculated


Oil Droplet Velocity (m/s) - Gravity Settling Method

1.04622 m/s

Oil from Gas


Water from Oil
Oil from Water

0.12 m/s
0.008 m/s
0.007 m/s

DROPLET FALL TIMES (Left Side of Weir)


Oil in Gas
(Top-Liquid)
2.448 secs
Water in Oil
(NIL to Weir)
1.3 min
Oil in Water
(Btm-NIL)
1.43 min

NOTE:

**Warning ! Gas Vel>Max Allowable**

HIL-Weir

1.0

5.6

OK

NIL-HIL

2.0

2.09

OK

NIL-LIL
LIL-LILSD

2.0

1.98
1.80

** Warning ! Residence time insufficient **


OK

2.16
17.89
5.94
4.07

OK
mins
mins

1.5

LILSD to Outlet
1.0
Oil Residence Time (NIL to Weir)
Water Residence Time (Btm to NIL)
LIL-HIL

OK
OK
OK

Gas Velocity Criteria are based on weir height, Hw.


TITLE

LIQUID SEPARATOR

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

PROJ.
CALCULATION SHEET

BY

DATE

CHECKED

SV

DATE AND TIME PRINTED:

RELIANCE'S KGD6 FIELD DEVELOPMENT


DATE

CALC.NO
2001 - KGD6 - D1 - PF - B - PRR - 402

19-Nov-16

7:26 AM

PAGE 2 OF 4

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with weir, no boot)


SKETCH

Gas Outlet
nozzle ID
216 mm

3.25
Length T/T =

Gas =

2124.00 t/d
947.64 Am3/h

4876 mm

Inlet Nozzle ID
247 mm
Vol. (m3)
0.74
1.91
0.71
0.68
0.61
0.74

Ht.(mm)
(Gas)
(HIL-Weir)
(NIL-HIL)
(NIL-LIL)
(LIL-LILSD)
(LILSD-Out)

GAS
Interface
HIL
NIL
LIL
LILSD

750
600
450
300

Weir Height,Hw = 1200 mm


I. D. =
1500 mm
OIL

Water

Ht(mm)
HLSD
HLL
NLL
LLL
LLSD

Vol. (m3)

`````````````
1200
900
600
300

#VALUE!
0.93
0.98
0.84
0.49

(HLL-HLSD)
(NLL-HLL)
(NLL-LLL)
(LLL-LLSD)
(LLSD-Out)

OIL
T/W =

Oil Outlet nozzle ID


56 mm

2926 mm

(If 2 phase set Hw=0, t/w=t/t)

Water outlet
Nozzle ID
85 mm

Oil =

147.00
8.82

t/d
m3/h

Water =

484.70
20.48

t/d
m3/h

TITLE

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

LIQUID SEPARATOR

PROJ.
RELIANCE'S KGD6 FIELD DEVELOPMENT

CALCULATION SHEET
BY

DATE

CHECKED

SV

DATE AND TIME PRINTED:

DATE

CALC.NO
2001 - KGD6 - D1 - PF - B - PRR - 402

19-Nov-16

7:26 AM

PAGE 3 OF 4

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with weir, no boot)


CALCULATIONS
Dmax is the upper particle size limit for each of the laws.
Kcr is the critical constant for maximum particle size (from GPSA
Handbook). Vt is the settling velocity in m/s.

SETTLING VELOCITIES
Oil From Gas ("K" Value method)
K Value, m/s
Max allowable velocity,Vmax
Gas Horiz. Velocity

Oil in Gas (Gravity Settling Laws method)


Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law

0.30
0.76 m/s
1.04622 m/s

0.12
m/s
Intermediate Law

Settling Velocity
Settling Law Used
Law Used:

Kcr

Vt

Dp max

0.03

(m/s)
0.74

()
18

0.33
18.13

0.12
0.17

246
13379

** Maximum allowable gas velocity exceeded **


Stoke's Law
Intermediate Law
Newton's Law
Oil in Water (Gravity Settling Laws method)
Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law

Water in Oil (Gravity Settling Laws method)


Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law

0.007

Settling Velocity
Settling Law Used
Law Used:

Kcr

Stoke's Law
Intermediate Law
Newton's Law

0.03
0.33
18.13

Stoke's Law (Kcr = 0.025)


Vt = 1488 g Dp2 (l - v)

m/s

Stoke's Law
Vt
(m/s)
0.007
0.008
0.04

Settling Velocity
Settling Law Used
Law Used:

Dp max
()
199
2211
120008

0.008
Kcr

Stoke's Law
Intermediate Law
Newton's Law

Intermediate Law (Kcr = 0.334)


Vt = 3.54*g0.71 Dp1.14 (l - v)0.71

Newton's Law (Kcr = 18.13)


Vt = 1.74 * SQRT(g Dp (l-v) / v )

Stoke's Law
Vt
(m/s)
0.03
0.008
0.33
0.008
18.13
0.043

NOTE:

m/s
Dp max
()
155
2067
112192

Equations for Stokes Law, Intermediate Law and Newtons Law are
taken from GPSA Handbook, Volume 1, Section 7, Figure 7.4

v0.29 * 0.43

18

NOMENCLATURE
LLL
LIL
LLSD
LILSD
NLL
NIL
HLL
HIL
HLSD
HILSD
Btm

Low Liquid Level


Low Interface Level
Low Level Shut Down
Low Interface Level Shut Down
Normal Liquid Level
Normal Interface Level
High Liquid Level
High Interface Level
High Level Shut Down
High Interface Level Shut Down
Bottom

X-Area
l
v
Dp

Vt
VMAX
K
KCR
Hw

Cross sectional area


Liquid density kg/m3
Vapour density kg/m3
Droplet diameter
Gas viscosity Cp
Settling Velocity m/s
Maximum vapour velocity m/s
Design vapour velocity factor m/s
Proportionality constant, dimensionless.
Height of Weir, mm

TITLE

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

LIQUID SEPARATOR
PROJ.

CALCULATION SHEET
BY

DATE

RELIANCE'S KGD6 FIELD DEVELOPMENT

CHECKED

CALC.NO

2001 - KGD6 - D1 - PF - B - PRR - 402

SV

DATE AND TIME PRINTED:

DATE

19-Nov-16

7:26 AM

PAGE 4 OF 4

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with weir, no boot)


INPUT

OUTPUT

Feed
Flow (t/d)
Density (kg/m3)
Viscosity (cP)
Droplet Size ()
Droplet Size ()

Oil in Gas
Oil in Water

Droplet Size ()

Water in Oil

GAS

OIL

Water

2124.0

147.0

484.7

105.9

704.3

1006.0

0.01

0.45

0.78

RESIDENCE TIMES
Gas
Right Side of Weir
HLL-HLSD

150

** WARNINGS **

5.0

3.699

seconds

3.0

3.30

OK

1.5
1.5

5.02
5.27

OK
OK

3750

LLL-LLSD

1.5

4.44

OK

4800

LLSD to Outlet

1.0

2.54

OK

Oil Residence Time at NLL

4.00

12.25

OK

Actual
(mins)

** WARNINGS **

150

Max vel. in Oil out nozzle (m/s)


Max vel. in water out nozzle (m/s)
K Value (m/s) per GPSA fig 7.9

Actual
(sec)

NLL-HLL
NLL-LLL

150

.v2 max for inlet nozzle (kg/m.s2)


.v2 max for gas outlet nozzle (kg/m.s 2)

(mins)

Specified

1.0
1.0
1.00

Mixture density (kg/m3)

132.8
RESIDENCE TIMES

Specified
(mins)

SETTLING VELOCITY CRITERION


Maximum Allowable Gas Velocity (m/s)

0.71 m/s

Gas Velocity (m/s) - calculated

0.92263 m/s

**Warning ! Gas Vel>Max Allowable**

Oil Droplet Velocity (m/s) - Gravity Settling Method


Oil from Gas
Water from Oil
Oil from Water

0.12 m/s
0.008 m/s
0.005 m/s

DROPLET FALL TIMES (Left Side of Weir)


Oil in Gas
(Top-Liquid)
2.548 secs
Water in Oil
(NIL to Weir)
1.2 min
Oil in Water
(Btm-NIL)
2.12 min

NOTE:

Left Side of Weir


HIL-Weir

1.0

6.6

OK

NIL-HIL

2.0

2.46

OK

NIL-LIL

2.0

2.33

OK

LIL-LILSD

1.5

2.12

OK

2.57
21.01
7.02

OK
mins
mins

LILSD to Outlet
1.0
Oil Residence Time (NIL to Weir)
Water Residence Time (Btm to NIL)
HLL_LLL

4.79

OK
OK
OK

Gas Velocity Criteria are based on weir height, Hw.


TITLE

LIQUID SEPARATOR

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

PROJ.
CALCULATION SHEET

BY

DATE

CHECKED

SV

DATE AND TIME PRINTED:

RELIANCE'S KGD6 FIELD DEVELOPMENT


DATE

CALC.NO
2001 - KGD6 - D1 - PF - B - PRR - 402

19-Nov-16

7:26 AM

PAGE 2 OF 4

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with weir, no boot)


SKETCH

Gas Outlet
nozzle ID
210 mm

3.25
Length T/T =

Gas =

2124.00 t/d
835.69 Am3/h

4876 mm

Inlet Nozzle ID
240 mm
Vol. (m3)
0.86
2.22
0.82
0.78
0.71
0.86

Ht.(mm)
(Gas)
(HIL-Weir)
(NIL-HIL)
(NIL-LIL)
(LIL-LILSD)
(LILSD-Out)

GAS
Interface
HIL
NIL
LIL
LILSD

750
600
450
300

Weir Height,Hw = 1200 mm


I. D. =
1500 mm
OIL

Water

Ht(mm)
HLSD
HLL
NLL
LLL
LLSD

Vol. (m3)

1500
1200
900
600
300

0.48
0.73
0.76
0.64
0.37

(HLL-HLSD)
(NLL-HLL)
(NLL-LLL)
(LLL-LLSD)
(LLSD-Out)

OIL
T/W =

Oil Outlet nozzle ID


55 mm

3413 mm

(If 2 phase set Hw=0, t/w=t/t)

Water outlet
Nozzle ID
84 mm

Oil =

147.00
8.70

t/d
m3/h

Water =

484.70
20.08

t/d
m3/h

TITLE

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

LIQUID SEPARATOR

PROJ.
RELIANCE'S KGD6 FIELD DEVELOPMENT
CALCULATION SHEET
BY

DATE

CHECKED

SV

DATE AND TIME PRINTED:

DATE

CALC.NO
2001 - KGD6 - D1 - PF - B - PRR - 402

19-Nov-16

7:26 AM

PAGE 3 OF 4

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with weir, no boot)


CALCULATIONS
Dmax is the upper particle size limit for each of the laws.
Kcr is the critical constant for maximum particle size (from GPSA
Handbook). Vt is the settling velocity in m/s.

SETTLING VELOCITIES
Oil From Gas ("K" Value method)
K Value, m/s
Max allowable velocity,Vmax
Gas Horiz. Velocity

Oil in Gas (Gravity Settling Laws method)


Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law

0.30
0.71 m/s
0.92263 m/s

0.12
m/s
Intermediate Law

Settling Velocity
Settling Law Used
Law Used:

Kcr

Vt

Dp max

0.03

(m/s)
0.73

()
18

0.33
18.13

0.12
0.16

237
12850

** Maximum allowable gas velocity exceeded **


Stoke's Law
Intermediate Law
Newton's Law
Oil in Water (Gravity Settling Laws method)
Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law

Water in Oil (Gravity Settling Laws method)


Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law

0.005

Settling Velocity
Settling Law Used
Law Used:

Kcr

Stoke's Law
Intermediate Law
Newton's Law

0.03
0.33
18.13

Stoke's Law (Kcr = 0.025)


Vt = 1488 g Dp2 (l - v)

m/s

Stoke's Law
Vt
(m/s)
0.005
0.006
0.04

Settling Velocity
Settling Law Used
Law Used:

Dp max
()
260
2897
157242

Kcr

Stoke's Law
Intermediate Law
Newton's Law

Intermediate Law (Kcr = 0.334)


Vt = 3.54*g0.71 Dp1.14 (l - v)0.71

Newton's Law (Kcr = 18.13)


Vt = 1.74 * SQRT(g Dp (l-v) / v )

0.008
m/s
Intermediate Law
Vt
Dp max
()
(m/s)
0.03
0.008
149
0.33
0.008
1992
18.13
0.044
108136

NOTE:

Equations for Stokes Law, Intermediate Law and Newtons Law are
taken from GPSA Handbook, Volume 1, Section 7, Figure 7.4

v0.29 * 0.43

18

NOMENCLATURE
LLL
LIL
LLSD
LILSD
NLL
NIL
HLL
HIL
HLSD
HILSD
Btm

Low Liquid Level


Low Interface Level
Low Level Shut Down
Low Interface Level Shut Down
Normal Liquid Level
Normal Interface Level
High Liquid Level
High Interface Level
High Level Shut Down
High Interface Level Shut Down
Bottom

X-Area
l
v
Dp

Vt
VMAX
K
KCR
Hw

Cross sectional area


Liquid density kg/m3
Vapour density kg/m3
Droplet diameter
Gas viscosity Cp
Settling Velocity m/s
Maximum vapour velocity m/s
Design vapour velocity factor m/s
Proportionality constant, dimensionless.
Height of Weir, mm

TITLE

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

LIQUID SEPARATOR
PROJ.

CALCULATION SHEET
BY

DATE

RELIANCE'S KGD6 FIELD DEVELOPMENT

CHECKED

CALC.NO

2001 - KGD6 - D1 - PF - B - PRR - 402

SV

DATE AND TIME PRINTED:

DATE

19-Nov-16

7:26 AM

PAGE 4 OF 4

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with weir, no boot)


INPUT

OUTPUT

Feed
Flow (t/d)
Density (kg/m3)
Viscosity (cP)
Droplet Size ()
Droplet Size ()

Oil in Gas
Oil in Water

Droplet Size ()

Water in Oil

GAS

OIL

Water

2124.0

147.0

484.7

36.2

707.0

984.0

0.01

0.59

0.59

RESIDENCE TIMES
Gas
Right Side of Weir
HLL-HLSD

150

Actual
(sec)

** WARNINGS **

5.0

1.265

seconds

3.0

3.31

OK

NLL-HLL
NLL-LLL

1.5
1.5

5.04
5.29

OK
OK

3750

LLL-LLSD

1.5

4.46

OK

4800

LLSD to Outlet

1.0

2.55

OK

Oil Residence Time at NLL

4.00

12.29

OK

Actual
(mins)

** WARNINGS **

150
150

.v2 max for inlet nozzle (kg/m.s2)


.v2 max for gas outlet nozzle (kg/m.s 2)

(mins)

Specified

Max vel. in Oil out nozzle (m/s)


Max vel. in water out nozzle (m/s)
K Value (m/s) per GPSA fig 7.9

1.00

Mixture density (kg/m3)

46.4

1.0
1.0

RESIDENCE TIMES

Specified
(mins)

SETTLING VELOCITY CRITERION


Maximum Allowable Gas Velocity (m/s)

1.29 m/s

Gas Velocity (m/s) - calculated

2.69908 m/s

**Warning ! Gas Vel>Max Allowable**

Oil Droplet Velocity (m/s) - Gravity Settling Method


Oil from Gas
Water from Oil
Oil from Water

0.17 m/s
0.006 m/s
0.006 m/s

DROPLET FALL TIMES (Left Side of Weir)


Oil in Gas
(Top-Liquid)
1.721 secs
Water in Oil
(NIL to Weir)
1.7 min
Oil in Water
(Btm-NIL)
1.74 min

NOTE:

Left Side of Weir


HIL-Weir

1.0

6.5

OK

NIL-HIL

2.0

2.41

OK

NIL-LIL

2.0

2.28

OK

LIL-LILSD

1.5

2.07

OK

2.51
21.09
6.87

OK
mins
mins

LILSD to Outlet
1.0
Oil Residence Time (NIL to Weir)
Water Residence Time (Btm to NIL)
LLL-HLL

4.69

** Warning ! Residence time insufficient! **


OK
OK

Gas Velocity Criteria are based on weir height, Hw.


TITLE

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SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

PROJ.
CALCULATION SHEET

BY

DATE

CHECKED

SV

DATE AND TIME PRINTED:

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DATE

CALC.NO
2001 - KGD6 - D1 - PF - B - PRR - 402

19-Nov-16

7:26 AM

PAGE 2 OF 4

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with weir, no boot)


SKETCH

Gas Outlet
nozzle ID
274 mm

3.25
Length T/T =

Gas =

2124.00 t/d
2444.75 Am3/h

4876 mm

Inlet Nozzle ID
312 mm
Vol. (m3)
0.86
2.22
0.82
0.78
0.71
0.86

Ht.(mm)
(Gas)
(HIL-Weir)
(NIL-HIL)
(NIL-LIL)
(LIL-LILSD)
(LILSD-Out)

GAS
Interface
HIL
NIL
LIL
LILSD

750
600
450
300

Weir Height,Hw = 1200 mm


I. D. =
1500 mm
OIL

Water

Ht(mm)
HLSD
HLL
NLL
LLL
LLSD

Vol. (m3)

1500
1200
900
600
300

0.48
0.73
0.76
0.64
0.37

(HLL-HLSD)
(NLL-HLL)
(NLL-LLL)
(LLL-LLSD)
(LLSD-Out)

OIL
T/W =

Oil Outlet nozzle ID


55 mm

3413 mm

(If 2 phase set Hw=0, t/w=t/t)

Water outlet
Nozzle ID
85 mm

Oil =

147.00
8.66

t/d
m3/h

Water =

484.70
20.52

t/d
m3/h

TITLE

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LIQUID SEPARATOR

PROJ.
RELIANCE'S KGD6 FIELD DEVELOPMENT
CALCULATION SHEET
BY

DATE

CHECKED

SV

DATE AND TIME PRINTED:

DATE

CALC.NO
2001 - KGD6 - D1 - PF - B - PRR - 402

19-Nov-16

7:26 AM

PAGE 3 OF 4

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with weir, no boot)


CALCULATIONS
Dmax is the upper particle size limit for each of the laws.
Kcr is the critical constant for maximum particle size (from GPSA
Handbook). Vt is the settling velocity in m/s.

SETTLING VELOCITIES
Oil From Gas ("K" Value method)
K Value, m/s
Max allowable velocity,Vmax
Gas Horiz. Velocity

Oil in Gas (Gravity Settling Laws method)


Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law

0.30
1.29 m/s
2.69908 m/s

0.17
m/s
Intermediate Law

Settling Velocity
Settling Law Used
Law Used:

Kcr

Vt

Dp max

0.03

(m/s)
0.82

()
24

0.33
18.13

0.17
0.29

326
17692

** Maximum allowable gas velocity exceeded **


Stoke's Law
Intermediate Law
Newton's Law
Oil in Water (Gravity Settling Laws method)
Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law

Water in Oil (Gravity Settling Laws method)


Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law

0.006

Settling Velocity
Settling Law Used
Law Used:

Kcr

Stoke's Law
Intermediate Law
Newton's Law

0.03
0.33
18.13

Stoke's Law (Kcr = 0.025)


Vt = 1488 g Dp2 (l - v)

m/s

Stoke's Law
Vt
(m/s)
0.006
0.007
0.04

Settling Velocity
Settling Law Used
Law Used:

Dp max
()
221
2463
133704

0.006
Kcr

Stoke's Law
Intermediate Law
Newton's Law

Intermediate Law (Kcr = 0.334)


Vt = 3.54*g0.71 Dp1.14 (l - v)0.71

Newton's Law (Kcr = 18.13)


Vt = 1.74 * SQRT(g Dp (l-v) / v )

Stoke's Law
Vt
(m/s)
0.03
0.006
0.33
0.007
18.13
0.042

NOTE:

m/s
Dp max
()
184
2463
133704

Equations for Stokes Law, Intermediate Law and Newtons Law are
taken from GPSA Handbook, Volume 1, Section 7, Figure 7.4

v0.29 * 0.43

18

NOMENCLATURE
LLL
LIL
LLSD
LILSD
NLL
NIL
HLL
HIL
HLSD
HILSD
Btm

Low Liquid Level


Low Interface Level
Low Level Shut Down
Low Interface Level Shut Down
Normal Liquid Level
Normal Interface Level
High Liquid Level
High Interface Level
High Level Shut Down
High Interface Level Shut Down
Bottom

X-Area
l
v
Dp

Vt
VMAX
K
KCR
Hw

Cross sectional area


Liquid density kg/m3
Vapour density kg/m3
Droplet diameter
Gas viscosity Cp
Settling Velocity m/s
Maximum vapour velocity m/s
Design vapour velocity factor m/s
Proportionality constant, dimensionless.
Height of Weir, mm

TITLE

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

LIQUID SEPARATOR
PROJ.

CALCULATION SHEET
BY

DATE

RELIANCE'S KGD6 FIELD DEVELOPMENT

CHECKED

CALC.NO

2001 - KGD6 - D1 - PF - B - PRR - 402

SV

DATE AND TIME PRINTED:

DATE

19-Nov-16

7:26 AM

PAGE 4 OF 4

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with weir, no boot)


INPUT

OUTPUT

Feed
Flow (t/d)
Density (kg/m3)
Viscosity (cP)
Droplet Size ()
Droplet Size ()

Oil in Gas
Oil in Water

Droplet Size ()

Water in Oil

GAS

OIL

Water

3640.8

34.6

47.3

24.7

716.0

990.0

0.01

0.71

0.52

RESIDENCE TIMES
2.80

Gas
Right Side of Weir
HLL-HLSD

150

Actual
(sec)

** WARNINGS **

5.0

10.175

seconds

3.0

5.96

OK

NLL-HLL
NLL-LLL

1.5
1.5

5.58
8.48

OK
OK

3750

LLL-LLSD

1.5

3.53

OK

4800

LLSD to Outlet

1.0

4.01

OK

Oil Residence Time at NLL


LLL-HLL

4.00

16.02
14.06

OK

150
150

.v2 max for inlet nozzle (kg/m.s2)


.v2 max for gas outlet nozzle (kg/m.s2)

(mins)

Specified

Max vel. in Oil out nozzle (m/s)


Max vel. in water out nozzle (m/s)
K Value (m/s) per GPSA fig 7.9

1.00

Mixture density (kg/m3)

25.3

1.0
1.0

RESIDENCE TIMES

Specified
(mins)

SETTLING VELOCITY CRITERION


Maximum Allowable Gas Velocity (m/s)

1.59 m/s

Gas Velocity (m/s) - calculated

0.48846 m/s

OK

Oil Droplet Velocity (m/s) - Gravity Settling Method


Oil from Gas
Water from Oil
Oil from Water

0.18 m/s
0.005 m/s
0.006 m/s

DROPLET FALL TIMES (Left Side of Weir)


Oil in Gas
(Top-Liquid)
10.131 secs
Water in Oil
(NIL to Weir)
.7 min
Oil in Water
(Btm-NIL)
.77 min

NOTE:

Actual
(mins)

** WARNINGS **

Left Side of Weir


HIL-Weir

1.0

40.7

OK

NIL-HIL

2.0

12.88

OK

NIL-LIL

2.0

12.02

OK

LIL-LILSD

1.5

19.86

OK

LILSD to Outlet
1.0
Oil Residence Time (NIL to Weir)
Water Residence Time (Btm to NIL)
LLL-HLL

17.26
OK
53.06
mins
49.14
mins
24.91

OK
OK
OK

Gas Velocity Criteria are based on weir height, Hw.


TITLE

LIQUID SEPARATOR

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

PROJ.
CALCULATION SHEET

BY

DATE

CHECKED

SV

DATE AND TIME PRINTED:

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DATE

CALC.NO
2001 - KGD6 - D1 - PF - B - PRR - 402

19-Nov-16

7:26 AM

PAGE 2 OF 4

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with weir, no boot)


SKETCH

Gas Outlet
nozzle ID
395 mm

3.09
Length T/T =

Gas =

3640.80 t/d
6134.25 Am3/h

7100 mm

Inlet Nozzle ID
422 mm
Vol. (m3)
17.34
1.35
0.43
0.40
0.66
0.57

Ht.(mm)
(Gas)
(HIL-Weir)
(NIL-HIL)
(NIL-LIL)
(LIL-LILSD)
(LILSD-Out)

GAS
Interface
HIL
NIL
LIL
LILSD

350
300
250
150

Weir Height,Hw = 500 mm


I. D. =
2300 mm
OIL

Water

Ht(mm)
HLSD
HLL
NLL
LLL
LLSD

Vol. (m3)

350
300
250
150
100

0.20
0.19
0.28
0.12
0.13

(HLL-HLSD)
(NLL-HLL)
(NLL-LLL)
(LLL-LLSD)
(LLSD-Out)

OIL
T/W =

Oil Outlet nozzle ID


50 mm

4970 mm

(If 2 phase set Hw=0, t/w=t/t)

Water outlet
Nozzle ID
50 mm

Oil =

34.56
2.01

t/d
m3/h

Water =

47.28
1.99

t/d
m3/h

TITLE

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

LIQUID SEPARATOR

PROJ.
RELIANCE'S KGD6 FIELD DEVELOPMENT

CALCULATION SHEET
BY

DATE

CHECKED

SV

DATE AND TIME PRINTED:

DATE

CALC.NO
2001 - KGD6 - D1 - PF - B - PRR - 402

19-Nov-16

7:26 AM

PAGE 3 OF 4

HORIZONTAL SEPARATOR (3 phase with weir, no boot)


CALCULATIONS
Dmax is the upper particle size limit for each of the laws.
Kcr is the critical constant for maximum particle size (from GPSA
Handbook). Vt is the settling velocity in m/s.

SETTLING VELOCITIES
Oil From Gas ("K" Value method)
K Value, m/s
Max allowable velocity,Vmax
Gas Horiz. Velocity

Oil in Gas (Gravity Settling Laws method)


Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law

0.30
1.59 m/s
0.48846 m/s

0.18
m/s
Intermediate Law

Settling Velocity
Settling Law Used
Law Used:

Kcr

Vt

Dp max

0.03

(m/s)
0.65

()
33

0.33
18.13

0.18
0.35

436
23689

Actual Gas Velocity OK


Stoke's Law
Intermediate Law
Newton's Law
Oil in Water (Gravity Settling Laws method)
Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law

Water in Oil (Gravity Settling Laws method)


Particle size calc for determination of appropriate law

0.006

Settling Velocity
Settling Law Used
Law Used:

Kcr

Stoke's Law
Intermediate Law
Newton's Law

0.03
0.33
18.13

Stoke's Law (Kcr = 0.025)


Vt = 1488 g Dp2 (l - v)

m/s

Stoke's Law
Vt
(m/s)
0.006
0.007
0.04

Settling Velocity
Settling Law Used
Law Used:

Dp max
()
203
2263
122835

0.005
Kcr

Stoke's Law
Intermediate Law
Newton's Law

Intermediate Law (Kcr = 0.334)


Vt = 3.54*g0.71 Dp1.14 (l - v)0.71

Newton's Law (Kcr = 18.13)


Vt = 1.74 * SQRT(g Dp (l-v) / v )

Stoke's Law
Vt
(m/s)
0.03
0.005
0.33
0.006
18.13
0.041

NOTE:

m/s
Dp max
()
209
2793
151605

Equations for Stokes Law, Intermediate Law and Newtons Law are
taken from GPSA Handbook, Volume 1, Section 7, Figure 7.4

v0.29 * 0.43

18

NOMENCLATURE
LLL
LIL
LLSD
LILSD
NLL
NIL
HLL
HIL
HLSD
HILSD
Btm

Low Liquid Level


Low Interface Level
Low Level Shut Down
Low Interface Level Shut Down
Normal Liquid Level
Normal Interface Level
High Liquid Level
High Interface Level
High Level Shut Down
High Interface Level Shut Down
Bottom

X-Area
l
v
Dp

Vt
VMAX
K
KCR
Hw

Cross sectional area


Liquid density kg/m3
Vapour density kg/m3
Droplet diameter
Gas viscosity Cp
Settling Velocity m/s
Maximum vapour velocity m/s
Design vapour velocity factor m/s
Proportionality constant, dimensionless.
Height of Weir, mm

TITLE

SEPARATOR SIZING SPREADSHEET

LIQUID SEPARATOR
PROJ.

CALCULATION SHEET
BY

DATE

RELIANCE'S KGD6 FIELD DEVELOPMENT

CHECKED

CALC.NO

2001 - KGD6 - D1 - PF - B - PRR - 402

SV

DATE AND TIME PRINTED:

DATE

19-Nov-16

7:26 AM

PAGE 4 OF 4