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DRAFT

SES 10.1
Rev. 3
Page 107
APPENDIX :

Sarawak Shell Berhad


Sabah Shell Petroleum Company Limited

STANDARD ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION

APPENDIX IX
DESIGN

BRIEF FOR LIFTING ATTACHMENTS

_.

DRAFT
SES 10.1
Rev. 3
Page 108
APPENDIX I:

Sarawak Shell Berhad


Sabah Shell Petroleum Compdny Limited
STANDARD ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION
INDEX
1.0
2.0

INTRODUCTION
DESIGN PHILOSOPHY
2.1
2.2

Definition of Terms
Basis for Design

3.0

CALCULATION OF FACTORED LIFT. WEIGHT

4.0

DISTRIBUTION OF SLING LOADS


4.1
4.2

5.0

SLING AND SHACKLE SELECTION


5.1
5.2

6.0

Sling Selection
Shackle Selection

LIFTING ATTACHMENT DESIGN


6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
6.10

7.0

Decks, Modules, Packages


Jackets

Lifting Attachment Design Load


Permissible Stresses
Hole Size
Bearing Stress
Cheek Plates
Pull-out Shear
Tension Failure
out-of-Plane Loading
Combined Stresses
Niscellaneous
7

TRUNNION TYPE LIFTING POINTS

FIGURE IX 1.~ ALLOWABLE CENT= 0~

GRAVITY POSITION

FIGURE IX 2.

LIFTING EYE DETAILS

FIGURE IX 3.

TRUNNION DETAILS

.~

Sarawak Shell Berhad


Sabah Shell Petroleum Company Limited

DRAFT
SES 10.1
Rev. 3
Page 109
APPENDIX 1

,-,_---_ j,_~_-, ~.. -,_-,, ~~, ,~:, ~.~ .,,, ,~+--~ ,_-- -1, ,-... -. -~.~-.I.; _,,., ,.
of this procedure is to define the minimum criteria to
be used in the design of lifting attachments (i.e. padeyes, padears-,.
trunnions) used for si_ngle bln&,..lifts of off_shore ~S~=uctu~~~.~,.-.ihis
d&,y@&t --d6~~~-~~~-~~~dre$s~~~the ,des~gri-~f-.lif~-~~ b&y- or life fng
f r a m e s b u t c a n b e u s e d f o r t h e d e s i g n o f padeyes o r t r u n n i o n s
thereon.
Should lifting frames or bars be required the design specification
for such items will be agreed and separately approved by SSB/SSPC.
2.0

DESIGN PHILOSOPHY

Lifting attachments should be designed to allow installation after


th,e-weight ..and ceptre of gravity of ~the package ~has .b~eeen,..de,,terIni~.~d.,,
/W$,en &e final w&.ght has beendetertnined aEd t h e C O G locatfbn i s
_ e s t a b l i s h e d , the lifting attachments may be oriented to allow the
use o f p a i r s o f e q u a l l e n g t h s l i n g s , t o p r o v i d e a u n i f o r m
; d i s t r i b u t i o n o f l o a d a n d t o a l l o w t h e p a c k a g e t o b e l i f t e d l e v e l
CIithin accep!able limits.
\._.~ I, ..-._. L~---\~
DEFINION OF TERMS --
2.1
2.1.1

Base Lift Weight


This is the lift weight calculated, on the basis of the MT0
without the application of any factors for item estimating
accuracy, design changes. f a b r i c a t i o n w e i g h t g r o w t h o r
dynamic effects.

2.1.2

Factored Lift Weight


This is the lift weight calculated on the basis of the MT0
including the relevant factors for the estimating accuracy,
design changes and fabrication weight growth, but with no
allowance for dynamics.

2.1.3

Design Lift Weight


T h i s i s t h e l i f t w e i g h t c a l c u l a t e d oa t h e b a s i s o f the
factored lift weight (2.1.2) with an additional factor
related t o t h e d y n a m i c ,characteristics o f t h e l i f t i n g
operation.
In lieu of any specific data a factor of 1.33
should be applied to account for the dynamic characteristic!
of the lift.
This factor applies to Global structure design as well as
padeye + local structure design.

Sarawak Shell Berhad


Sabah Shell Petroleum Company Limited

DRAFT
SES 10.1
Rev. 3
Page 110
APPENDIX 1

STANDARD ENGINEERING SPECIFICATIONBASIS FOR DESIGN


2.2.1

General Structural Components


The structure to be lifted shall be checked on the basis of
the design lift weight (section 2.1.3) with the sling loads
No increases in
distributed as defined in section 4.0.
allowable stresses shall be applied. i

2.2.2

Padeyes/padears/trunnions and ImediatelL&djacent Steelwork


Padeyes (padears a n d trunnions) a n d i m m e d i a t e l y a d j a c e n t
structural load bearing steelwork shall be designed for
loads resulting from the design lift weight (section 2.1.3)
with the sling loads distributed as In section 4.0. This
load will be defined as the lifting attachment design
N o incr+ases i n a l l o w a b l e s t r e s s e s s h a l l b e a p p l i e d .
Allowable stresses are defined in Section 6.2.

2.2.3

Shackles
The shackles shall be checked for the loads resulting from
the factored lift weight (section 2.1.2) distributed in
No additional impact factor
accordance with section 4.0.
u
s
e
d
,
a8
t
h
i
s
i
s
c o v e r e d b y the shackle
shall be
manufacturers rating:

2.2.4

.I

Slings
The slings should be sized such that the S!JL of the sling is
in excess of the sling loads evaluated on the basis of the
factored lift weight (section 2.1.2). distributed to the
slings in accordance with section 4.0. No additional impact
factor shall be used .a8 this is covered by the sling factor
of safety (see section 5.1.1).

SES 10.1
Sabah Shell Petroleum Company Limited
APPENDIX
STANDARD ENGINEERING SPE
3.0

CALCULATION OF FACTORED LIFT WEIGHT


The factored lift weight and COG position shall be established or
the basis of weight control reports, reflecting accurate weight taks
offs and vendor data. The factors applied to base weights shall bc
in accordance with Appendix XI.
If the structure or module is
fabrication, the weighed weight
compared to that used in the final
further analysis is required, prior

4.0

DISTRIBUTION OF SLING LOADS

4.1

DECKS, MODULES, PACKAGES

weighed at the completion 01


shall be increased by 3% an<
lift analysis, to establish if i
to offshore installation.

Rotation of the structure about any horizontal axis upon lifting


should be limited toL=7 As far as possible equal lengtt
slings should be used. IZ7ii?-of level occurs in one directior
this may be adjusted by using pairs of equal length slings.
only,
Sling length may be adjusted by using link plates, or, after
discussion with the installation contractor by the usa of shackle tc
shackle connections. The angle between the sling and horizontal
shall be limited to an absolute minimum -of 60
- degrees.
,~,;-.----- .-_,.-_,_.." ._,...,,_. ~-,T-.,..--.-'
To allow for the possibility of a change in the position of the
centre of gravity at a late stage, the calculation of design sling
load shall include for the effect of the centre of gravity shiftin
1 metre in any direction.
..~d.

..I

Erw?-cabP6/91

Sarawak Shell Berhad


Sabah Shell Petroleum

DUFT
SES 10.1

Company Limited

STANDARD ENGINEERING SPECIFICATION


F o r c a s e s w h e r e t h e r i g g i n g configuration has redundancy, an
allowance shall be made in the calculation of sling load e.g. for 4
slings to + common block a 75% - 25% load distribution in diagonal
slings shall be assumed.
For other rigging configurations (e.g.
employing lifting frames or bars) the sling load distribution should
be submitted for approval by SSB.
4.2

JACKETS
When selecting slings for jacket lifts where the rigging arrangement
has redundancy, (e.g. 4 slings to a common block) it shall be
assumed that only three slings are active.

5.0

SLING AND SHACKLE SELECTION

5.1

7
-,
//
sling
All slings should be provided with a valid and recent
he sling
certificate which documents the Safe Working Load (SWLs
and the Minimum Breaking Load (MBL) of the sling. The condition of
the sling and the date and type of inspection used to evaluate the
sling condition should be included on the certificate.

5.1.1

Sling Factor of Safety,,-

SLING SELECTION
--.

11 be applied to the sling safe working


required sling minimum breaking load
5.1.2 Bend Radius
The eye of a single part sling shall not be bent around a diameter
less than the slings nominal diameter.
Any other part of a sling bent around a diameter shall be derated in
accordance with the manufacturers instructions.
5.2

SEACKLE SELECTION

0
_L
.
All shackles should be provided with a valid and $ecen shackle
c e r t i f i c a t e w h i c h d o c u m e n t s t h e r a t i n g o f t h e sha&k 2
e and the
shackles ultimate capacity. The condition of the shackles and the
date and type of inspection used to evaluate the shackle condition
should be included on the certificate.

Sarawak Shell Berhad


Sabah Shell Petroleum Company Limited
APPENDIX 1,

EERING SPECIF
5.2.1 Shackle Rating and Factor of Safety
Shackles shall be selected
in excess of the sling load
(distributed as described
bend radius given above.
should exceed the shackle

on the basis of the shackle rating being


determined from the factored lift weight
in section 4.0) and the limitations on
The ultimate capacity of the shackle
rating by a factor of safety of at least

s
6.0

LIFTING EYE DESIGN

6.1

Lifting Attachment Design Load

The sling load (ref. section 4.0) determined on the basis of


f a c t o r e d l i f t w e i g h t ( r e f . s e c t i o n 2.1.2) s h a l l b e multipled b y a
,,+, r:* f a c t o r o f 1 . 3 3 t o e s t a b l i s h t h e lifting attachment design load.
I n a d d i t i o n t o t h e d i r e c t lifting attachment design. load the
;/y
padeye s h a l l a l s o b e d e s i g n e d f o r a l a t e r a l l o a d o f a t l e a s t 5Z o f
, \,
this load.
--..
6.2 Permissible Stresses
Permissible stresses shall be as defined in A.I.S.C. with the
following additional requirements :Transfer of stresses through the thickness of the plate shall not be
allowed unless the material has through thickness properties. In
this instance through thickness stresses shall be limited to 0.2 Fy.
Combined
- - - - -stresses (see 6.9) shall be less than 0.66 Fy.
Hole size

6.3

ycbLzCjrt&
C;;)ew.
&d 6-k
c

The pin hole diameter shall be the greater of :


0

Pin diameter plus 3mm

ii)

Pin diameter x 1.05.

The pin hofe diameter shall be less than :


i

i)

Pin diameter plus 6nm

..I

EOVIMbP/S/91

DR4n

Sarawak Shell Berhad

SES 10.1

Sabah Shell Petroleum Company Limited

Rev. 3

Page 114
APPENDIX 1

ENGINEER.. 1G SPECIFICATION
Bearing stress shall be found by dividing the lifting attachment
des!gn load by the product of the diameter of the pin and padeye
width (main plate plus twice the ctive cheek plate thickness).

6.5

Cheek Plates_
The effective thickness of each cheek plate shall be limited to the
smallest value of :
1)

Half of the main plate thickness.

ii)

The actual cheek plate thickness.

Due attention should be paid to weld accessibility. The clearance,


from the face of the cheek plate ,to,the face of the. shackle shall be
a minimum of 10% and a rnti of 20% of the shackle width, (see Figure
1).

, -

S p a c e r p l a t e s i f u s e d s h a l l n o t b e t a k e n i n t o a c c o u n t In t h e
determination of padeye strength and shall be detailed accordingly.
Pull Out Shear
Pull out shear shall be checked by dividing the lifting attachment
design load by twice the total cross sectional area between the hole
and outer edge of the eye in the direction of the applied load.
6.7
c~.7
I

'i
6--g.

Tension Failure
The lifting eye shall be checked against tension failure at the
oint of &AIUU cross sectional area. :,
\
j,/ >,,x ..,... .,_ ~_~_ . . . . . ./*, . .
.,,. \\~
,a _._... _.: ~
.-..__,
-Ou o f plane Loading
.,L
Where the lifting eye is oriented in the direction of the sling 5%
of the lifting attachment design load should be applied at the &dge
o f t h e padeye. Where the eye does not align with the sling, the
out-of-par& force shall be calculated and combined with the nominal
5% side loading.

6.9

Combined Stresses
The combined stress shall be determined from the following formula
dc

2
- (dx\+ dY1 - d,dy

+ 3 c /+

w h e r e & a n d d ar& the alqebraic SUQ of the axial and bending


stresses% twoo&hogonal planes x and y. and t xy is the algebraic
sum of the shear stresses.

Sabah Shell Petroleum Company Limited


APPENDIX I

NDAR-b%NGINEERIN..G
Miscellaneous i,,,/
/ 6.10.1
i

Drawing Notati.

,r\.

The drawing should define the slings and shackles to be used and,
the lifting attachment design load.

L/
i
.10.2

Fabrication Procedure

Cheek plates should be welded to the lifting eye main plate and
line bored as one unit. Tolerance on hole diameter shall be -0 +
Flame cut holes shall not be allowed.
-l-P
I
1
.\,___>.. ~~
E dL
g e &&w~ce~~
6.10.3
I
\L/
k

I------+
t
6.10.4

The minimum distance from the edge of the pinhole to the edge of
the main plate shall be one pinhole diameter.
Sling Clearance

,&p?@ A minimum clearance of 0.5 x sling diameter shall be provided


between the outside of the sling passing through the shackle and
the edge of the padeye main plate. (See Figure 1X-l).
6.10.5

Weld Clearance
Clearance should exist between the full penetration butt weld
attaching the main plate to themain leg tubular or main beam and
the fillet weld around the cheek plate.
In order to achieve
sufficient clearance the distance between the edge of the cheek
plate and the edge of the main tubular (or beam) should be at
least the main plate thickness plus llhqa.

/
7.0

TRUNNION TYPE LIFTING POINTS


Trunnions shall be designed following the criteria of Section 6.
However the side loading shall be minimum of 5I of the lifting
attachment design load applied perpendicular to the trunnion at
the extremity of the keeper plate. An additional out of balance
f o r c e d&e t o d i f f e r e n c e i n s l i n g l o a d s s h a l l b e c o n s i d e r e d b y
applying 45% of the lifting attachment design load in one sling
and 55% in the other sling.
The following criteria (see Figure IX-Z) shall be adhered to :
i)

f.-, a

T h e padear c e n t r a l s t i f f e n e r p l a t e ( s h e a r p l a t e ) w i l l b e
s l o t t e d t h r o u g h t h e m a i n p l a t e o r t u b u l a r a n d w+ll b e
designed to transfer the total lifting attachment zdesign
load into the main plate or tubular, not taking into account
the trunnions.
..r

Sarawak Shell Beri;ad


Sabah Shell Petroleum Company Limited
APPENDIX I

STANDARD ENGINEER1
ii) The trunnion will be regarded only as a former and will not
be considered as resisting the load. The diameter of the
pipe will be three times the required sling diameter.
iii) As the sling will flatten out at the contact area during
l i f t i n g , the width of the stub will be 1.25 times the sling
diameter, plus 25~~0.
iv) The keeper plate will protrude a distance not less than 75%
of the sling diameter at the bearing area and at least 100
mm above the centre of the pipe.
An overall clearance of
provided between the
other projections. If,
on after installation
wil. a p p l y b e t w e e n

1.5 times the sling diameter will be


keeper plate and any stiffeners or
however the keeper plate is bolted
of the slings, then this clearance
t h e trunnion p i p e a n d a n y o t h e r

All sharp edge~~~likely to damage the sling during handling


and transportation will be radiused to a minimum of 5 mm.
I

:. I _

WI
SES 10.1

Sarawak Shell Berhad


Sabah Shell Petroleum Company Limited

APPENDIX I.

RING SPECIFICATION.

,f--

W
r

WIDTA OF SHACKLE

tl MAIN PLATE TEICICNESS


R

tw

l/lOW < x < l/SW

RADIUS MAIN PLATE

1m > 0.5ds
Y

lm CLEARANCE
ds SLING DTAMETER

>t*

t* ACTUAL CHEEK PLATE THICKNESS < 0.75t1


NOTE :

EFFECTIVE CEEK PLATE THICKNESS < 0.5tl

r. ,

FIGURE IX-l : SHACKLE PADEYE DIMENSIONS


Fwlm59~,PI

SES 10.1

Sabah Shell Petroleum Company Limited


APPENDIX I

1.5D min. if keeper


p l t . is b o l t e d a f t e r
sling inst.

slidg
installation
clearance
all round.

,..-

PICLmE I x - 2 : TR~NNION DETAILS


Eo-Pnltl

.,