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STUDY ON ZOOPLANKTON DIVERSITY FROM KARPARA RESERVOIR, TQ. JINTUR, DIST
PARBHANI, MAHARASHTRA STATE, INDIA.
*Deshmukh D. R. and **Jawale C. S.
*Department of Zoology, Pratishthan Mahavidyalaya, Paithan. M.S., India.
**Department of Zoology, HPT Arts and RYK Science College, Nashik-422005, India.
E-mail : deshmukhdnyan@gmail.com
ABSTRACT
The Karpara reservoir is medium size reservoir, constructed on the Karpara river, near village Niwali, Tq. Jintur,
Dist Parbhani, Maharashtra. The reservoir is used for irrigation and supply of drinking water to Bori and also for
Pisciculture on lease basis. The knowledge of diversity water body contributes to an appreciation of general
productivity and to an understanding of its basic nature. In an ecosystem population of organisms are
interdependent and depends on environmental conditions prevailing in the area. The cycling of matter and energy
in food chain and web are balanced with their interrelationships. In the present study it is found that population
density of zooplankton was dominant in summer followed by winter and monsoon season.
KEY WORDS: Karpara Reservoir, Pisciculture, Zooplankton Diversity.
INTRODUCTION
Information on species diversity, richness evenness and dominance species evaluation on the biological component of
the eco-system is essential to understand detrimental changes in environment or deterioration of water quality Species
diversity is a basic measure of community structure and organization and the most important parameter to understand
the health status of the ecosystem. Plankton diversity plays an important role in the food chain of pond ecosystem.
The Karpara reservoir is man-made reservoir situated about 15 Kms from Tq. Jintur, Dist. Parbhani. The Karpara
reservoir is constructed in 1974 by Government of Maharashtra and lies in between 190-31’-2” N latitude, 760-36’52” E longitude. It has a natural feeding from rain water from Karpara River. The following authors are studied the
zooplankton diversity by following authors: Jagtap et al, 2012; Bhamare et al, 2012; Rupendra Bhagde et al, 2016a
and 2016b; Bhagde Rupendra, 2016a and 2016 b.
The height of reservoir is 16.55meter and length is 810.10 meters. Zooplanktons are abundant in the shallow areas but
only few species abundant in the open water. They play vital role as primary consumers. The given paper, deals with
study of plankton diversity.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The plankton were collected by filtering 100 liters of water drawn from the reservoir and filtered through a plankton
net, made up of nylon cloth. Monthly water samples were collected from the reservoir to study water quality and
zooplankton diversity from January 2010 to December 2010, covering the three season’s viz. monsoon (June to
September), winter (October to January) and summer (February to May). Planktons were collected by using mesh
size plankton net from 100 liters of filtered water and concentrated up to 100 m1 and preserved in 7O% alcohol.
Literature was used for identification of zooplankton was done by the Standard key and other literature was used for
identification of different species Tonapi (1980), Pennak (1978) and Battish (1992).
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
In the present study 16 different species of Zooplankton were recorded. The Zooplankton in water body belong to
four main taxonomic groups such as Rotifiera, Copepoda, Ostracoda and Cladocera are dominant represented groups
of crustacean in fresh water habitat are presented in Table No. 1.In the present study it is found that population
density of zooplankton was dominant in summer followed by winter and monsoon season were reported similar
observation were reported by Dede and Deshmukh (2015), Gayathri et.al. (2014) and Ramkrishna (2014). Jose and
Volume- 3 Issue-1 (2016)

ISSN: 2348–604X(p); 2348–6058(e)

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Sanal kumar (2012), reported seasonal variation in Zooplankton diversity in river and found that rotifer were
dominant followed by copepods and cladocera during summer season. In premonsoon and monsoon season cladocera
was dominant whereas copepods were dominant in postman soon season.
Table 1. List of plankton Species observed in Karpara reservoir
Taxonomic Group

Rotifera

Copepoda

Cladocera

Ostracoda

Species
Branchionus forficula
Branchionus calyciflorus,
Filinia Sp.,
Keratella Sp.,
Cyclops,
Mesocyclops leucarati,
Heliodiaptomus viduus,
Phyllodiaptomus annae
Cereodaphnia cornuta
Simocephalus expinosus,
Bosmina longirostris,
Moina micrura,
Chydorus sphaericus,
Scapholeberis kingi

Dominant
Dominant
Dominant
Dominant
Dominant
Dominant
Dominant
Dominant
Dominant
Dominant
Dominant
Dominant
Dominant

Entocythere hobbsi,
Entocythere humesi

Dominant
Dominant

Table 2. Seasonal variation of various zooplanktons density (No/Lit.) from study area
Sr
no
01
02
03
04

Zooplankton Group

Summer

Winter

Monsoon

Total

Rotifera
Cladocera
Copepoda
Ostracoda
Grand Total

590
380
410
180
1560

370
280
340
120
1110

260
210
200
80
750

1220
870
950
380
3420

The present work indicates that zooplankton were maximum in summer period due to favorable environmental
condition and helps in conservation of diversity of invertebrates and also indicates of awareness of water pollution
and maintained aquatic ecosystem.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Author is thankful to the Principal Pratishthan Mahavidyalaya, Paithan for providing laboratory facilities.
REFERENCES
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ISSN: 2348–604X(p); 2348–6058(e)

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www.sciencejournal.in
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