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Exercise of Chapter 12: Feedback and Stability

Chapter 12 Feedback and Stability

[12-1] Judge the feedback configuration in the amplifiers of Fig.E12-1.
V CC

12V

39k

12k

3.9k

VT1
220k

C1

U o U i

Re12

VT1 C3 Rf

R b2

Rc1 Rb21

Rb11

Rc

Rb1

VT2
1M

VC

V CC

Re11

Ce

VT2
C2

Re2

U o

C1

U i

C2
VT1
C4

Rb12

C3

VT2

Rb22

Re1

R c2

Re2

U o
Ce

Rf

b
Fig.E12-1

[12-2] Point out the AC feedback networks in Fig.E12-2, judge their feedback configuration,
determine the ones which can stabilize the output voltage; which can stabilize output current;
which can enhance input impedance; and which can decrease output impedance.
VCC

Rc
Rf1

U i

C1

Rf1

C3

C2

VT1

U o

Rc2

Rc

Re

V CC

V CC

U i

C1

Rb11
VT2
C2

VT1

R b2

C3 Rf
R e1

R e2

C1

U o

b
Fig.E12-2

Rs

U s

Rc1

VT3

C3
VT2

VT1

Re1 C2

Rf C f
Rb12
Re2

Re1

U o

Ce

[12-3] The amplifier is shown in Fig.E12-3

1Point out the feedback network and configuration;

2Determine the closed-loop gain A
uf

U o
. (Assume the open-loop gain A is large)
U
i

V CC

Rc2

Rc1

C1

VT1

U i

R1
R2

Re1

C2

Re2 Ce

Fig.E12-3

VT2
U o

[12-4] The amplifier is shown in Fig.E12-4.

1If ui=0, Uc1=Uc2=(Assume UBE=0.7V)
2If the feedback from uo to b2 is a series-shunt configurationthen which terminal of
operational amplifier should C1 and C2 points connect to?draw the inverting input terminal and
non-inverting input terminal in the circuit, respectively.
3Determine the closed loop voltage gain after introducing the series-shunt feedback
configuration.
4If we want to change the feedback to a shunt-shunt configurationthen which terminal of
operational amplifier should C1 and C2 points connect to? Where should Rf connect to? Determine
the closed loop voltage gain.
24k 24k

R1
24k

ui Rb1
2k

R2
6k

Rc1
c1

c2

Rc2

b1

V
T1

V CC ( +15V)

A+

b2

V
T2

V
T3
Re

R f 18k
Rb2
2k

5.3k

V EE (-15V)

Fig.E12-4

uo

[12-5] The Amplifier is shown in Fig.E12-5

1If we want to keep uo almost unchanged when RL varieshow can we introduce feedback?
2Determine the expression of the closed loop voltage gain Auf after the feedback is introduced.
3If the maximum common mode input voltage of operational amplifier is 10Vdetermine the
minimum resistance of Rc.

VCC
Rc 1

ui Rb

c1
b1

VT1

Rc 2

+
A+

c2

RL

b2

VT2

uo

Rb

0.2mA

VEE

Fig.E12-5

[12-6] The operational amplifiers in Fig.E12-6 are ideal.

1Please determine whether the feedbacks in Fig.E12-6 are negative or positive, AC
feedback or DC feedback.
2If negative feedback exists, judge their configurations and closed loop voltage gains.
10k

RL

R2

7.5k

Ui

Ui

R1

30k

Uo

R3

(b)

(a)
Fig.E12-6

[12-7] Analyze the inter-stage feed back amplifiers in Fig.E12-7

1Is the feedback positive or negative? DC feedback or AC feedbackWhat kind of
feedback configuration exists?
2Determine the closed loop voltage gain

U o
, respectively.
U
i

ui

R2 100k

R1
100k

+
A uo1
1

R4

- A2

100k

R3

50k

R5 100k

ui

+
uo
-

R1
1 k

R2 1 k

+
A uo1

R4

R3 10 k

+
+ A2

1 k

R6

1 k

R5 10 k

(a)

(b)
Fig.E12-7

+
uo
-

[12-8] The operational amplifiers A1A2 are ideal.

1Determine the feedback configuration inside the first stage and second stage, respectively.
2Determine the inter-stage feedback configuration.
3Determine the closed loop voltage gain

U o
U o
and
.
U o1
U i

R1

R2
R2

ui

+
A uo1

R5

+
+ A2

+
uo
-

R3

R4

Fig.E12-8

U i

R1

RL
R2

Ui
U o

R1

Io

R2

A
RL

R4

R3

b
Fig.E12-9

Io

U i

R1

R2

A
R3

Uo

R5

R4

RL
U o

Exercise of Chapter 12: Feedback and Stability

[12-10] Fig.E12-10 shows the Bode diagram of a feedback amplifier, the feedback coefficient is
F=-0.1.
1Judge whether the feedback amplifier is stable or unstable
2If the feedback amplifier is unstable, then how much should we decrease | F | to make the
feedback amplifier boundary stableIf the feedback amplifier is stablethen determine the phase
margin.
20 lg A F / dB
80
60
40
20

10 5

0
20

10

10 2

10 3

10 4

10 6

f / Hz

40
60

f / Hz

0
90
180
270

Fig. E12-10