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Chess Mastery

- McDonald N. - Practical Endgame Play - Cadogan 1996
- McDonald N. - Positional Sacrifices - Cadogan 1994
- Hodgson J. - Quick Chess Knockouts - Cadogan 1999
- 101 Tactical Tips
- [Jan_Timman]_The_Art_of_Chess_Analysis(BookSee.org).pdf
- Active Pieces - Jay Bonin
- More Unbeatable Chess Lessons Snyder
- Gyula Mészáros - The Secrets of the Opposite-Coloured Bishop Endings%2C Vol.I
- Chess Middle Games Essential Knowledge
- Best Move Guide - Larsen
- Alexey Suetin & Ilya Odessky - Soviet Chess Strategy.pdf
- Schlepütz & Emms - The Chess Tactics Detection Workbook
- Your Opponent is Overrated - Schuyler
- Neil McDonald - Mastering Checkmates - Batsford (2003).pdf
- Gelfand - Dynamic Decision Making in Chess (2016)
- Blindfold Chess Essential Training
- The Process of Decision Making in Chess
- 7 Steps to Better Chess - Schiller
- Positional Decision Making in Chess - Boris Gelfand - Quality Chess - 2015
- Max Euwe, Walter Meiden-The Road to Chess Mastery-George Allen & Unwin (1968)

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Contents

Introduction

What does Chess Vision consist of?

Useful Techniques

Our Approach

Terminology

The Games

Game 1: Anderssen v Kieseritsky The Immortal Game, 1851

Game 2: Anderssen v Dufresne The Evergreen Game, 1852

Game 3: Mayet v Anderssen, 1859

Game 4: Anderssen v Staunton, 1851

Game 5: Morphy v Duke Karl / Count Isouard, The Opera House Game, 1858

Game 6: Meek v Morphy, 1855

Game 7: Bird v Morphy, 1858

Game 8: Morphy v Anderssen, 1858

Game 9: Paulsen v Morphy, 1857

Game 10: Zukertort v Blackburne, 1883

Game 11: Em. Lasker v Bauer, 1889 "The Double Bishop Sacrifice"

Game 12: Steinitz v Chigorin, 1892

Game 13: Steinitz v von Bardeleben, 1895

Game 14: Pillsbury v Em. Lasker, 1895

Game 15: Steinitz v Em. Lasker, 1899

Game 16: Rotlewi v Rubinstein, 1907

Game 17: Capablanca v Marshall, 1918

Game 18: Em. Lasker v Capablanca, 1921

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Game 20: Gruenfeld v Alekhine, 1923

Introduction

The purpose of this book is to develop the readers ability to see ahead in chess

games. This is a very important skill that is used to analyse the consequences of this or

that move and so help us find the strongest move that we can.

Beginner-level players o en ask how far ahead Grandmasters can see and are met by

varying answers. Alekhine was known for his long, complicated varia ons the result of

which he claimed to know when he made his original move. Capablanca famously

quipped, I see only one move ahead, but it is always the correct one. Garry Kasparov

says that he once saw a varia on that went on for 14 or 15 moves and that this was

probably the longest series he analysed.

Whilst it is considered to be generally true that the ability to see ahead increases

with chess strength, much of this is down to the individual player, their style and

par cular strengths analy cal players with strong memory being at an advantage.

However, many Grandmasters are able to play games blindfold, that is, without being

able to see the posi on on the board. There have been many instances where top chess

players have played mul ple games simultaneously, keeping all of the posi ons in their

head, upda ng each when they hear their opponents move and following their usual

processes for finding their reply.

If some Grandmasters can play whole games in their head, why do they only look

ahead a few moves as they play? The reasons are largely prac cal. It is only necessary for

the player to consider a few lines (varia ons, or sequences of moves) and evaluate the

posi on a few moves deep along these lines. The number of possible replies at every

stage makes this process lengthy enough and the constraints of me and mental energy

mean it is best not to go deeper than is necessary.

The important point, however, is that these players could see further ahead if the

posi on required it. The skill of looking ahead in chess, whilst dierent from the skills of

nding the best move and evalua ng a posi on, is one that should be developed. This

happens naturally as we play more games and become stronger at chess think of

beginner players who fall for the bait of winning a Queen with their Rook only to nd

that the Rook move left them open to a back-rank mate - but can be trained also.

Strengthening our ability to see the chessboard and think ahead will help us avoid

tactical mistakes.

The ability to see the board exists in all players to some degree. To prove this point,

think of the beginning posi on, before Whites rst move. You could recreate this

position on a board with ease, we do it before every game.

What square is Whites Queen on? Blacks King? What colour is the bo om-right

square, h1?

This is an example of chess vision. We know the pa ern, we have it imprinted on our

minds. Maybe when we rst learned the game, we were taught dierent rules to help us

remember the position:

White on the right for the correct board orienta on (h1 being a White

square).

Rooks in the corners, Knights next to the Rooks and Bishops next to the

Knights

The Queen and King next to each other, with the Queen on her own colour

about how to set it up, we know and just do it. Through pa ern recogni on and

repe on the posi on has become knowledge and the process of recrea ng it is

automatic. This can be compared to the skills of walking or riding a bike. We are not born

with the skill but develop it until it becomes automatic.

The same occurs with our chess vision. I imagine that the reader can see the positions

a er the moves 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 or 1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 d6. They occur so frequently

that we know the pattern.

Largely, that is how we develop our ability to see ahead in chess. Through repe on, we

begin to remember and recognise more chess pa erns and are able to think about them

clearly without having to refer to them on a physical chessboard. To help us bridge the

gap between our current level of pa ern memory and the next level, we can help

ourselves by thinking of the posi on a piece at a me and making mental notes about

it.

Useful Techniques

Square Colours

Knowing the square colours is also useful for keeping track of lines (of a ack) and

possible threats on the board. We might nd it easy to remember that the Bishop on b7

is our light-squared Bishop but can it move to d2 in an endgame? To work out the colour

of a square, consider the co-ordinates. Take the le ers of the les and think of their

place in the alphabet, so a=1, b=2, c=3 and so on. Now consider the rank number of the

square whose colour we are nding. If the two numbers are both odd or both even, then

the colour is black. If one is odd and the other even, then the colour is white.

And if you forget this rule, check it against the h1 square. H (8) is even, 1 is odd,

dierent and we know the square is white so the rule is dierent = white squares. This

should be easy to know as h1 is usually the square that is checked to make sure that the

chessboard is the correct way around we set it up with white on the right.

Another way of thinking about this is by adding up the rank and le co-ordinates. If

you get an even number then the square is black, if you get an odd number then it is

white H(8) + 1 = 9 so h1 is a white square.

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Mental Notes

When calcula ng and considering moves, we need to keep in mind not just the

loca on of each piece in terms of squares but also which moves are legal. To aid us in

this, we can make mental notes and amend them as necessary. An example of this is

when a piece is pinned against a King we can remind ourselves that this piece cannot

be moved by mentally telling ourselves Re1 and the Bishop is pinned against the King.

Then, when the situa on changes we update the mental note, for instance, Rook takes

the Knight on d1 and the Bishop is no longer pinned.

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A par cularly useful mental note to make is on pins, threats and weaknesses. Note

that the pieces can be weak along the lines they cannot a ack. For instance, Rooks can

return re if they are a acked by a Queen or another Rook along a rank or le (unless

pinned) but are suscep ble to a acks along diagonals. Bishops and Knights are weak

when attacked along a rank or file and a Queen has to watch out for Knight forks.

So, in an endgame where White has a Bishop and Knight and Black a Rook, White will

have to be wary of posi ons where his Knight and Bishop (and King) are situated along

the same rank or le and Black would have to watch out for his Rook and King being

caught by a Knight fork or Bishop pin/skewer.

It is an oddity of Chess that when a weaker piece a acks a stronger piece, if it cannot

be captured, then it is the stronger piece that must give way. Remember these points

when considering where to place your pieces.

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The 5 4x4s

To help our memory of the board, we can consider it in chunks by making the 8x8

board a collec on of 5 4x4 boards. We have the square housing the diagonal a1-d4,

Whites Queenside; e1-h4, Whites Kingside; a5-d8, Blacks Queenside and e5-h8, Blacks

Kingside. Then we have another important 4x4 square, the centre, from c3-f6.

During the course of a game, the ac on may take to one of these squares and so we

can focus greater a en on upon them. Of course, we s ll have to consider the board as

a whole and be aware of long-distance attacks on squares from other areas.

However, the smaller squares can make our task of nding moves and remembering

piece placement simpler. We refer to these as:

White Kingside 4x4

Black Queenside 4x4

Black Kingside 4x4

The Centre 4x4

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Our Approach

Our approach in this book is to play through a collec on of famous chess games a

few moves at a me. The next few pages have games where we discuss the posi ons and

the moves together, prac sing some of the thought processes. A er this, you will play

through the games in your head and be responsible for your own way of thinking about

the moves and the positions.

There will be ques ons at each step about the resul ng posi on. These will help you

test your success at visualising the board and remembering the posi on. There are

usually 3 ques ons, a to c. These can be answered all at once of you can play through a

game answering just the a ques ons, then replay the game later answering the b

questions and so on as the b and c questions are designed to be more of a challenge.

As we go through the game collec ons, the main idea is to know the posi on, see it,

and be able to accurately think about what legal moves could be made, what the threats

are for either side etc. This will help hugely in your own games, with analysing ahead

over the board. The bonus of this method is that you will be adding some of the greatest

games ever played to your memory and absorbing pa erns, piece placements and tac cs

as you do so!

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Terminology

Material Balance: What is the dierence in material value for the two sides using the

traditional values below?

King

Queen

Rook

Bishop

Knight

Pawn

Not counted

9

5

3

3

1

3 minor pieces

6 pawns

19

9

6

19

9

7

3 minor pieces

7 pawns

Black has 1 pawn advantage so we describe the material as -1. If White was a Knight

up, we would describe the material balance as +3.

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Piece and posi on: Pieces on the board are some mes referred to by the square they

inhabit (the Nf3), some mes by the side of the board they are on (Queens Knight)

and other times by the diagonal/rank/file they inhabit (dark-squared Bishop).

Diagonal: any of the diagonal lines that a Bishop can travel along. For instance, the

a1-h8 diagonal or the a2-g8 diagonal.

Empty squares: any square without a piece or pawn occupying it.

En passant (ep.): the special pawn capture that is allowed when the opponent

moves his pawn 2 squares and is captured as though it had only moved one square.

En prise: A piece is said to en prise if it can be taken.

The Exchange: this refers to one side having a Rook in exchange for either a Knight

or a Bishop. The side with the Rook is said to be up the exchange and the opponent is

said to be the exchange down. A material difference of 2.

Eye: we talk about a piece eyeing a square. This means that the piece is in line

with a square according to its movement. It includes squares that are not currently

threatened because, for instance, there is a piece in the way. In the following picture, the

Bishop on d4 eyes the squares marked with an X including those with pieces of either

colour on.

File: the vertical lines of the board from a-h. The a-file runs from a1-a8.

Legally: is the move allowed by the Laws of Chess? In this book, we ask if the move

is legal in situations where it might place the King in check (and, therefore, is not legal).

Major piece: A Rook or a Queen

Minor piece: A Bishop or a Knight

Open le: a le without pawns on it, is said to be open. Some mes used when the

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only pawn is the opponents as the openness refers to a major pieces ability to a ack

along it (a pawn of the same colour as the Queen/Rook would restrict its mobility along

the file).

Rank: the horizontal lines of the board from 1 to 8. The White pieces occupy the 1st

rank at the beginning of the game.

Safely: we use this term meaning can a move be played without allowing the loss of

material or checkmate.

X-ray: an a ack (or defence) by a piece that looks through another piece. In the

position below, the Bf3 attacks the b7 pawn through the Bd5 allowing Nxb7!

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Perhaps the most famous game ever played, this was an informal game played

between rounds of a compe ve tournament (London 1851). Adolf Anderssen, who won

the tournament bea ng Kieseritsky and Howard Staunton on the way, was considered

the strongest player in the world at the me and was well known for his aggressive,

sacricial play. This game certainly displays that style with White giving up a huge

amount of material to checkmate his opponent. The tle of The Immortal Game was

coined by Ernst Falkbeer 4 years later.

1. e4 e5

Starting position. E pawns on e4 and e5.

2. f4 exf4

Blacks e-pawn is now on f4, White has no f-pawn.

3. Bc4 Qh4+

Whites Bishop is on c4 attacking f7. Blacks Queen is on h4, White is in check.

4. Kf1 b5

The King moves to the Bishops square and can no longer castle. Black a acks the c4

Bishop with an undefended b-pawn.

5. Bxb5 Nf6

Bishop is on b5, material is level, Black now has no pawn on b7 and the d7 pawn is

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6. Nf3 Qh6

Whites Knight is on f3 attacking the Queen. The Queen retreats down the file to h6.

7. d3 Nh5

The d-pawn protects the e4 pawn and opens the line for the dark-squared Bishop. F4

pawn is now a acked but s ll defended by the Queen. Black moves the Knight to h5, the

f4 pawn is defended twice and the Queen can move along rank 6. The Knight on h5 can

check on g3.

8. Nh4 Qg5

White moves his Knight to the square in front of Blacks Knight. Note: if Black moves

his Nh5 then his Qh6 would be a acking the Knight. Black moves his Queen to g5, it now

a acks 2 undefended pieces, Whites Bb5 and the Nh4. The Black f4 pawn is pinned to

the Qg5.

9. Nf5 c6

White puts his Knight on f5 where it Is protected by the e4 pawn. This blocks the

Black Queen from a acking the Bb5 and a acks g7. There are now 4 pieces on the 5th

rank: the Bb5, Nf5, Qg5 and Nh5. C-pawn moves 1 square, the Bb5 is under a ack and

the d7 pawn is no longer pinned. The Nf5 could move to d6 with check if the Bf8 moved

away.

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10. g4 Nf6

The g-pawn moves 2 squares, a acking the Nh4. It is protected by Qd1 and cannot be

taken en passant as the f4 is pinned. The Bb5 is s ll threatened by c6. Blacks Knight is

now on f6 and the g4 pawn is attacked twice, defended once.

11. Rg1 cxb5

The Rook moves 1 square to g1, protec ng the g4 pawn along with the Queen. Black

now has a pawn on b5, none on the c- or e-files, one on f4. White is a piece down.

12. h4 Qg6

White has pawns on e4, g4 and h4. Blacks Queen is under a ack. The h4 pawn is

protected by Nf5. The Queen moves to g6, the only square not under attack.

13. h5 Qg5

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The h-pawn is now on h5 a acking the Queen. The h5 pawn is protected by the gpawn. The Queen only has one square to move to. The Queen moves back to g5, it now

has no safe squares.

14. Qf3 Ng8

The Queen moves to f3 and the f4 pawn is now a acked twice, defended once.

Blacks Nf6 goes back to its original square. Blacks Queen can now move to f6 or d8

safely.

15. Bxf4 Qf6

White takes the f-pawn and a acks the Black Queen and the d6 square. There are no

Black pieces on Whites side of the board. Blacks Queen is on f6 with the White Nf5 and

Bf4 separa ng it from his Qf3 which is undefended. The Qf6 a acks b2. Posi on check:

Whites Queenside 4x4 as star ng posi on with d-pawn on d3, Bishop on f4 and Queen

on f3. Whites Kingside 4x4 e1 empty, King on f1, Rook on g1, h1 empty, e2-h3 empty

apart from Qf3, pawns on e4 and g4, Bishop on f4. Blacks Queenside 4x4 as star ng

posi on with Queen on f6, b-pawn on b5, no c-pawn. Blacks Kingside 4x4 as star ng

posi on with no e-pawn, Queen on f6, White Knight on f5 and pawn on h5. Centre 4x4

White has pawns on d3 and e4, Qf3 Bf4 and Nf5, Black has Qf6.

16. Nc3 Bc5

The Nb1 moves to c3, obstruc ng b2, a acking the b5 pawn and eyeing the empty d5

square. Blacks Bf8 moves to c5 attacking the g1 Rook. G7 is defended only by the Qf6.

17. Nd5 Qxb2

White has 2 Knights in the centre 4x4 on d5 and f5, Blacks Queen is a acked, the b2

pawn is now a acked again. The Queen takes the b2 pawn, the a1 Rook is under threat

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of capture with check and the g1 Rook is s ll a acked by Bc5. The Queen s ll protects g7,

only a1 and b2 are safe squares for the Queen to protect it from.

18. Bd6 Bxg1

The Bf4 moves to d6 where it a acks and is under a ack by Blacks Bc5. It is

protected by the Nf5. Blacks King now only has 1 square (d8) to move to. The Bishop

takes the Rook on g1, the a1 Rook is still attacked.

19. e5 Qxa1+

Whites e-pawn is now on e5, protected by the Bd6. The e5 pawn blocks the long

diagonal from the Black Qb2. If the Nd5 moves then Whites Qf3 would threaten the a8

Rook. Blacks Qb2 takes the a1 Rook with check.

20. Ke2 Na6

The King moves to the square in front of his star ng posi on and cannot be checked

next move. Black moves his Nb8 to a6, protecting the c7 square.

21. Nxg7+ Kd8

Whites Nf5 is on g7, Black has no g-pawn. Black has one legal move and moves Ke8

to d8. Black now has no squares for his King to move to as his Bc8 and d7 pawn block

those squares, c7 and e7 are attacked by the Bd6 and Nd5 and e8 is attacked by the Ng7.

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22. Qf6+ Nxf6

The Queen is on f6 giving check to d8. There are 2 legal moves. Black takes the Queen

on f6 with his Ng8.

23. Be7#

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Played just one year a er The Immortal Game, Anderssens opponent here was a

strong chess master and student of Anderssen. This was also an informal game. It was

Wilhelm Steinitz who described the game as the evergreen in Anderssens laurel

wreath. The fantas c combina on that concludes the game was described by

Tartakower as second to none in the literature of the game.

1.e4 e5

Starting position. E pawns on e4 and e5.

2.Nf3 Nc6

Blacks e5 pawn is now attacked by Whites Nf3 and defended by Blacks Nc6.

3.Bc4 Bc5

White has an undefended Bishop on c4 a acking f7 and the way is clear for castling

kingside. Black places his Kings Bishop on the same le, making 3 minor pieces in a row

from c4-c6.

4.b4 Bxb4

White gambits a pawn, material now -1 and Blacks Bishop one square to the le of

Whites.

5.c3 Ba5

c3 pawn a acks Blacks Bishop which moves to the edge of the board, defended by

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the Nc6.

6.d4 exd4

D-pawn advances 2 squares a acking the e5 pawn, the c3 pawn is now pinned

against the King by Ba5. Black captures the d4 pawn, material -2. White is a acking this

d4 pawn with Nf3 and Qd1, Black defends it once with Nc6. The d4 pawn a acks the c3

pawn, as does the Ba5, it is defended by the Nb1.

7.00 d3

White castles kingside and the c3 pawn is no longer pinned. The d4 pawn is now on

d3 and can be taken by the Bc4 or Qd1.

8.Qb3 Qf6

The Queen moves to b3 forming a ba ery with the Bc4 and threatening to take on f7.

Qf6 defends f7 and eyes the a1 Rook if the c3 pawn was to move.

9.e5 Qg6

The e4 pawn moves to e5, attacking the Qf6. It is attacked twice, defended once.

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10.Re1 Nge7

Whites Kingside Rook moves to e1, defending the e5 pawn a second me and giving

the White King an extra square to move to (f1). The e5 pawn is the only piece stopping

the Re1 from checking the Black Ke8. Black moves his Kingside Knight to e7, providing

cover for his King and further defending the Nc6. Black has cleared the way to castle

Kingside.

11.Ba3 b5

White develops his Bishop to the a3-f8 diagonal, a acking the Ne7. Black places the

b7 pawn on b5, a acking the Bc4. The pawn is undefended and can be captured by

either the Bc4 or Qb3.

12.Qxb5 Rb8

White captures the b5 pawn with his Queen. Material is now -1 and the d3 pawn is

a acked twice (by Qb5 and Bc4) and defended once (by Qg6). Black moves his Queenside

Rook to b8 attacking the Qb5 and occupying the open file.

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13.Qa4 Bb6

The Queen goes to a4 and is no longer attacked. Black moves the Bishop to b6, eyeing

f2 and reducing the threat of his Rb8.

14.Nbd2 Bb7

White develops his Queenside Knight in front of the passed pawn on d3, blockading

it. This Knight now protects, and is protected by, the Nf3. Black develops his lightsquared Bishop to b7 so the Rb8, Bb7 and Bb6 are all next to each other on the b-file.

15.Ne4 Qf5

White moves his Nd2 to e4 where it is protected by the Re1 and threatens poten al

checks on d6 and f6. It also interferes with the Qg6s protec on of the d3 pawn, which is

now undefended. Black moves Qg6 to f5 attacking the e5 pawn for the second time.

16.Bxd3 Qh5

White captures the d3 pawn, material is now level and the Bishop is threatening a

discovered a ack on the Qf5 by moving the Ne4. Black moves the Queen to h5 where it is

unguarded.

17.Nf6+ gxf6

White sacrices the Ne4 and Black captures it with the g7 pawn. Material is now -3,

the g-file is open for Black and there are doubled pawns on f7 and f6.

18.exf6 Rg8

White captures the pawn on f6. Material is now -2 and the e-le is open with the Re1

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pinning the Ne7 to the King. The f6 pawn is threatening the Ne7, which cannot legally

move. Black occupies the g-le with his Rook and can no longer castle as both Rooks

have moved. The g2 pawn is now pinned to the White King.

19.Rad1 Qxf3

White brings his Queenside Rook to d1, eyeing d7. Black captures the Knight on f3

and threatens mate with Qxg2# as well as a acking the undefended Bd3. Material is now

-5.

20.Rxe7+ Nxe7

White captures the pinned Ne7 with his Re1. Material is now -7. Black has 3 legal

moves, a King move to either side or recapture with the Nc6. Black recaptures with the

Knight, this opens the diagonal a8-h1. The g2 pawn is now a acked 3 mes (by Bb7, Qf3

and Rg8) and defended once (by Kg1). The move g2-g3 by White would allow Qh1#.

21.Qxd7+ Kxd7

White sacrices his Queen for the d7 pawn. Material is now -15 and the Rd1 is

undefended and a acked by the Qf3. Black has 2 legal moves, to capture the Queen or

play Kf8. Black captures the Queen and his King is now on d7 with 6 empty squares

around it. The Black King is in line with the Rd1.

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22.Bf5+ Ke8

White gives double-check and the King must move. Both checking pieces are en prise.

There are 2 legal moves for Black, Kc6 or Ke8. Black moves Ke8 from where he has only 1

escape square (f8).

23.Bd7+ Kf8

White checks on d7 giving Black 2 squares to move to. Black moves Kf8 and has no

escape squares as g7 is attacked by the f6 pawn.

24.Bxe7#

The dark-squared Bishop captures the Knight, moving alongside the Bd7 and giving

checkmate.

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Anderssens next vic m was a barrister and judge, one of the so-called Berlin

Pleiades, the seven stars of chess. He played a number of matches, losing the vast

majority of them but was able to win some individual games including 6 against

Anderssen in their 1855 match. The match this game is taken from saw Anderssen win 7

to his opponents 1, this being the most crushing.

1.e4 e5

2.Nf3 Nc6

3.Bb5 Bc5

3.1b: Can White legally castle on the next move?

3.1c: How many times does Black attack the d4 square?

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3.1a: 5

3.1b: Yes

3.1c: 3 times

4.c3 Nf6

5.Bxc6 dxc6

6.O-O Bg4

3.2b: Can Black legally castle on the next move?

3.2c: Which of Whites pieces is pinned?

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3.2a: 7

3.2b: Yes

3.2c: Nf3

7.h3 h5

8.hxg4 hxg4

9.Nxe5 g3

3.3a: How many of Whites pieces (excluding pawns) are on their original

squares?

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3.3a: 4

3.3b: No

3.3c: +3

10.d4 Nxe4

11.Qg4 Bxd4

12.Qxe4 Bxf2+

3.4b: What is the material balance?

3.4c: Could Black legally castle Queenside on the next move?

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3.4a: 1

3.4b: +3

3.4c: No

13.Rxf2 Qd1+

14.Rf1 Rh1+

15.Kxh1 Qxf1#

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A compe ve game from the London 1851 tournament, where Anderssen took on

Howard Staunton, who had been regarded as the strongest player in the world before

this compe on. Anderssen begins a Kingside onslaught rapidly, whilst Staunton uses his

me to grab material with his Queen. When Staunton realises his King is in real trouble,

its too late.

1. e4 c5

2. d4 cxd4

3. Nf3 e6

4.1a: With which pieces could White legally capture on d4 on the next move?

4.1b: Is Blacks d4 pawn protected?

4.1c: Could Black play Qa5 on the next move?

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4.1b: No

4.1c: Yes

4. Nxd4 Bc5

5. Nc3 a6

6. Be3 Ba7

4.2b: Which of Blacks pieces/pawns are undefended?

4.2c: Which 3 empty squares are protected by Blacks Queen and a minor

piece?

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4.2a: No

4.2b: The 2 Rooks and the g7 pawn

4.2c: b6, e7 and f6

7. Bd3 Ne7

8. O-O O-O

9. Qh5 Ng6

4.3b: Can White play Bxh7+ on his next move?

4.3c: Which of Whites pieces (excluding pawns) are undefended?

43

4.3b: No

4.3c: The Queen

10. e5 Qc7

11. Rae1 b5

12. f4 Bb7

4.3b: Can White legally play Nf5 on his next move?

4.3c: How many pieces (either colour, excluding pawns) are on their original

square?

44

4.3a: Yes

4.3b: Yes

4.3c: 2 Blacks Ra8 and Nb8

14. Bxe4 Nc6

15. Nxc6 dxc6

4.4b: How many squares can Whites Rooks move to?

4.4c: Which pieces/pawns are undefended?

45

4.4b: 7; a1-d1, e2 and f2-f3

4.4c: Be4 and pawns on a2, a6, b2

16. g4 Rad8

17. Kh1 c5

18. Rf3 Qa5

4.5a: What is threatened by Blacks last move?

4.5b: How many pieces (excluding pawns and King) does Black have on the

Queenside?

4.5c: How many pieces (excluding pawns and King) does White have on the

Kingside?

46

4.5a: Qxe1+

4.5b: 3

4.5c: 5

20. Bd3 Qxa2

21. Rh3 h6

4.6b: How many pawns are there in Whites Queenside 4x4?

4.5c: If Black could move again, would Qd5+ followed by c4 trap the white

Bishop?

47

4.6b: 2 b2 and c2

4.6c: No White would have Be2 or Bxg6

22. g5 Rxd3

23. cxd3 Qd5+

24. Rff3 Ne7

4.7b: How many times is the h6 pawn attacked & defended?

4.7c: Can White legally play Rfg3?

48

4.7b: Attacked 3 times & defended once

4.7c: No, the Rook is pinned

25. gxh6 g6

26. h7+ Kh8

27. Qg5 Nf5

4.8a: How many pieces/pawns (either colour) are in the centre 4x4?

4.8b: How many times is the f6 square defended by Black?

4.8c: What is the material balance?

49

4.8b: None

4.8c: +2

29. f5 Qb3

30. Bh6 Qd1+

4.9b: How many legal moves does White have?

4.9c: If Black could remove 1 of his pieces/pawns from the board, which would

it be and why?

50

4.9a: Yes

4.9b: 2 Kg2 or Rf1

4.9c: The c5 pawn as it would allow a mate on the next move

32. Rf2 1-0

51

52

House Game, 1858

Paul Morphy, the American chess prodigy and genius, was invited to play against the

consul ng German Duke Karl of Brunswick and French Count Isouard at a Parisian Opera

House. Morphys rapid development soon es up the Black posi on and the owing

moves result in an a rac ve combina on. It is said that Morphy was sat with his back to

the stage and wished to win the game as quickly as possible so that he could enjoy the

Opera. He certainly deserved to after producing this beautiful and memorable game.

1. e4 e5

2. Nf3 d6

3. d4 Bg4

5.1b: Can White play 4. Bd3?

5.1c: Could Black play Qa5 on the next move?

53

5.1a: 4 pawns

5.1b: Yes

5.1c: No, the c7 pawn blocks the move

4. dxe5 Bxf3

5. Qxf3 dxe5

6. Bc4 Nf6

5.2b: Can White castle on the next move?

5.2c: Could Black castle if it was his move again?

54

5.2a: 2 (Queen & Bishop) for White and 1 (Knight) for Black

5.2b: Yes, Kingside

5.2c: No

7. Qb3 Qe7

8. Nc3 c6

9. Bg5 b5

5.3b: Could Black legally check Whites King if it was his move again?

5.3c: How many empty squares does Blacks Queen eye?

55

5.3a: 2

5.3b: No

5.3c: 9 squares

11. Bxb5+ Nbd7

12. O-O-O Rd8

5.4b: How many times is Blacks Nd7 attacked and defended?

5.4c: How many ways does White have to check Blacks King?

56

5.4a: None

5.4b: Attacked twice (Bb5 & Rd1), defended 4 times (Rd8, Ke8, Qe7, Nf6)

5.4c: 2 Bxd7+ and Qxf7+

14. Rd1 Qe6

15. Bxd7+ Nxd7

5.5a: How many pieces/pawns are in the centre 4x4?

5.5b: How many pieces (either colour, excluding Kings/pawns) are on their

original squares?

57

5.5b: 2 Blacks Bf8 and Rh8

5.5c: No

17. Rd8#

58

59

Meek by name but not by nature as White brings Morphys King out with a Bishop

sacrice early on. The ini a ve soon changes hands however and the game ends with

Blacks King back on his original square, and Whites King on f2, under heavy onslaught.

1. e4 e5

2. Nf3 Nc6

3. d4 exd4

4. Bc4 Bc5

5. Ng5 Nh6

6. Nxf7 Nxf7

6.1b: Could Black have played 6Kxf7?

6.1c: How many pieces/pawns are in the centre 4x4?

60

6.1b: No, the Bc5 protects the Nf7

6.1c: 5 Nc6, Bc5, Bc4 and the d4/e4 pawns

7. Bxf7+ Kxf7

8. Qh5+ g6

9. Qxc5 d6

6.2b: How many checking moves does White have?

6.2c: Could Black legally play Bg7 if it was his move again?

61

6.2b: 3 Qc4+, Qd5+ and Qf5+

6.2c: No

11. Qb3+ d5

12. f3 Na5

6.3a: How many squares can Whites Bc1 move to where it wouldnt be en

prise?

62

6.3b: No, the pawn is pinned

6.3c: 1 the Qb3

14. fxe4 Qh4+

15. g3 Rxe4+

6.4b: Which squares can Whites King move to?

6.4c: Is Blacks Knight en prise?

63

6.4b: d1, d2, f1 or f2.

6.4c: No

17. Nd2 Re3

18. Qb5 c6

6.4a: Which squares can Whites Queen move to where it will not be en prise?

6.4b: Which pieces can White legally take Blacks Re3 with?

6.4c: How many White pieces (not including King/pawns) are in Whites

Kingside 4x4?

64

6.4b: None

6.4c: 1, Rh1

20. Qd1 Rf8

21. Nf3 Ke8

0-1

65

66

More Morphy. In this famous game against the respected English Master Henry Bird,

the American shows great crea vity to track down his opponents King. If his Rook

sacrice was a bolt from the blue, the next move is indescribable. A wonderful a ack

and an idea to remember forevermore.

1. e4 e5

2. Nf3 d6

3. d4 f5

7.1b: How many Black pawns are en prise?

7.1c: How many pieces/pawns are in the centre 4x4?

67

7.1b: 2, e5 and f5

7.1c: 6

4. Nc3 fxe4

5. Nxe4 d5

6. Ng3 e4

7.2b: Can White legally check Black on the next move?

7.2c: How many empty squares do Whites Knights eye?

68

7.2a: 1, Nf3

7.2b: Yes, with Bb5+

7.2c: 8 e5, f5, g5, h5, h4, g1, e2 and d2

7. Ne5 Nf6

8. Bg5 Bd6

9. Nh5 O-O

7.3a: How many pawns/pieces are in the centre 4x4?

7.3b: Which White minor pieces could Black legally have captured on his 9th

move?

69

7.3a: 6

7.3b: The Ne5 and Nh5

7.3c: Yes, with Nxf6+

11. g4 Nxg4

12. Nxg4 Qxh5

7.4b: How many times is the Ng4 attacked?

7.4c: Can White legally castle on his next move?

70

7.4a: -1

7.4b: Twice, by the Qh5 and Bc8

7.4c: Yes, Queenside

14. Be2 Qh3

15. Nxc6 bxc6

7.5a: Can White legally castle Kingside on his next move?

7.5b: How many of Whites pieces (not pawns) could legally be taken if it was

Black to play?

71

7.5a: No

7.5b: None

7.5c: 16

17. O-O-O Rxf2

18. Bxf2 Qa3

7.6b: What is the material balance?

7.6c: How many White pieces (not pawns) are in the centre 4x4?

72

7.6a: 1, Qa3

7.6b: +3 (Rook for 2 pawns)

7.6c: None

19. c3 Qxa2

20. b4 Qa1+

21. Kc2 Qa4+

7.7b: How many times is b4 attacked/defended?

7.7c: How many pieces/pawns (either colour, any type) are on the c-file?

73

7.7a: 3 Kb1, Kb2 and Kc1

7.7b: A acked 3 mes (by Qa4, Rb8 and Bd6) and defended 2 mes (once

directly by c3 pawn and once by Qd2s x-ray protection)

7.7c: 5

23. cxb4 Rxb4+

24. Qxb4 Qxb4+

7.8b: What is the material balance?

7.8c: How many White pieces (not King/pawns) are en prise?

74

7.8b: -1

7.8c: None

25. Kc2 e3

26. Bxe3 Bf5+

27. Rd3 Qc4+

7.9b: Is Blacks Queen en prise?

7.9c: Can White legally play 28. Kd1?

75

7.9b: No

7.9c: Yes

29. Kd1 Qb1+ 0-1

76

77

The two a acking greats came together for a match in Paris in 1858 and it is no

surprise that there were some very entertaining games. This miniature shows how

masterfully Morphy exploited a weak move and quickly converted advantages. The

match was won by Morphy (7 wins, 2 draws and 2 losses) despite being ill during the

event. Anderssen conceded that Morphy deserved his victory and gave his opinion that

Morphy was probably the strongest player ever. This is the 10th game of their match.

1. e4 c5

2. Nf3 Nc6

3. d4 cxd4

8.1b: Can White safely play 4. Nxd4?

78

8.1b: Yes

4. Nxd4 e6

5. Nb5 d6

6. Bf4 e5

8.2b: How many ways can White check Black on the next move?

8.2c: How many ways could Black check White if he had the next move?

79

8.2b: 2, Nc7+ and Nxd6+

8.2c: 1, Qa5+

7. Be3 f5

8. N1c3 f4

9. Nd5 fxe3

8.3b: How many pieces/pawns are in the centre 4x4?

8.3c: Which 2 squares do both White Knights eye?

80

8.3a: -3

8.3b: 6

8.3c: c3 and c7

11. Qf3+ Nf6

12. Bc4 Nd4

8.4b: How many of Blacks pieces are en prise?

8.4c: How many of Whites pieces are en prise?

81

8.4b: 2 - Ra8 and Nf6

8.4c: 3 Nc7, Nd5 and Qf3

13. Nxf6+ d5

14. Bxd5+ Kg6

15. Qh5+ Kxf6

8.5b: How many squares can Blacks King move to?

82

8.5b: 1, e7

17. Ke2 1-0

83

84

Paul Morphys next vic m is the German Louis Paulsen, at the American Chess

Congress of 1857. Paulsen was a very strong player of the me and contributed theories

regarding chess defence, later picked up on in wri ngs by Nimzowitsch and Steinitz.

Against Morphy, defence is not so easy however and the American won 5 games to

Paulsens 1 in the final of this New York tournament.

1. e4 e5

2. Nf3 Nc6

3. Nc3 Nf6

9.1b: How many pieces are on the a8-h1 diagonal?

85

9.1b: 4 Ra8, Nc6, Nf3 and Rh1

4. Bb5 Bc5

5. O-O O-O

6. Nxe5 Re8

9.2b: How many pieces are there on the c-file?

9.2c: How many times is the Ne5 attacked and defended?

86

9.2b: 5 Bc1, Nc3, Bc5, Nc6 and Bc8

9.2c: Attacked twice (by Nc6 and Re8) and defended zero times

7. Nxc6 dxc6

8. Bc4 b5

9. Be2 Nxe4

9.3b: Which of Blacks pawns are undefended?

9.3c: How many times is f2 attacked and defended?

87

9.3a: Attacked once (by Nc3) and defended once (by Re8)

9.3b: The c6 pawn

9.3c: Attacked twice (by Bc5 and Ne4) and defended twice (by Rf1 and Kg1)

11. Bf3 Re6

12. c3 Qd3

9.4b: Can White safely play 13. Re1?

9.4c: How many squares can Blacks light-squared Bishop move to?

88

9.4a: No

9.4b: Yes

9.4c: 3 a6, b7 and d7

13. b4 Bb6

14. a4 bxa4

15. Qxa4 Bd7

9.5a: How many safe squares can Whites Queenside Rook move to?

9.5b: How many safe squares can Whites Kingside Rook move to?

9.5c: How many safe squares can Blacks Queenside Rook move to?

89

9.5a: 2 a2 and a3

9.5b: 1 d1

9.5c: 5 b8, c8, d8, e8 and f8

17. Qa6 Qxf3

18. gxf3 Rg6+

9.6b: How many legal moves does White have?

90

9.6b: 1

20. Rd1 Bg2+

21. Kg1 Bxf3+

91

9.7: 1, Kf1

23. Kg1 Bh3+

24. Kh1 Bxf2

9.8b: Can White legally play 25. Qxc6?

92

9.8a: Bg2#

9.8b: Yes

26. Rxf1 Re2

27. Ra1 Rh6

28. d4 Be3

0-1

93

94

1883 saw another London tournament, won by this games hero, Johannes Zukertort,

who began the compe on with 22 wins in his rst 23 games. This game was described

by Steinitz as one of the most brilliant games on record and s ll features in all- me

top 100 games list in a book published over 100 years later. Sacrices appear one a er

another but they cant be accepted and they cant be ignored.

1. c4 e6

2. e3 Nf6

3. Nf3 b6

4. Be2 Bb7

5. O-O d5

10.1a: How many pawns can White take with one of his pawns?

10.1b: Could Black play Bxf3 if it was his move again?

10.1c: Can White legally check Black?

95

10.1b: No, the d5 pawn blocks it

10.1c: Yes, with Qa4+

6. d4 Bd6

7. Nc3 O-O

8. b3 Nbd7

9. Bb2 Qe7

10.2b: Can White safely play Ne5?

10.2c: How many times is d5 attacked and defended?

96

10.2b: No, it loses a pawn

10.2c: Attacked twice and defended 3 times

11. Nxd6 cxd6

12. Nd2 Ndf6

13. f3 Nxd2

10.3b: Could Black legally have played 13Bxh2+?

10.3c: How many pawns (either colour) are on the c-file?

97

10.3a: 1 Qxd2

10.3b: No, the dark squared Bishop is off the board

10.3c: 1 c4

15. Bxc4 d5

16. Bd3 Rfc8

17. Rae1 Rc7

18. e4 Rac8

10.4a: Could Black safely play Rc2 if it was his move again?

10.4b: Can White legally check Black?

10.4c: Can White safely play 19. Ba3?

98

10.4b: No

10.4c: No, the d6 pawn moved to d5 and the Queen attacks a3

19. e5 Ne8

20. f4 g6

21. Re3 f5

22. exf6ep Nxf6

23. f5 Ne4

10.5b: Would 23exf5 have been a safe move?

99

10.5a: Yes

10.5b: No, the pawn is pinned against the Qe7

25. fxg6 Rc2

26. gxh7+ Kh8

27. d5+ e5

28. Qb4

10.6b: Which Black pieces are undefended?

10.6c: Can Black legally play 28Kxh7?

100

28.

10.6b: The Qe7

10.6c: Yes

R8c5

30. Qxe4+ Kg7

31. Bxe5+ Kxf8

32. Bg7+ Kg8

33. Qxe7 1-0

101

102

103

Sacrifice"

Emanuel Lasker, the second (and s ll the longest reigning at 27 years) World

Champion, made many contribu ons to the chess world - his Manual of Chess is

considered a classic book. In this game, he introduces a tac cal mo f that tears down his

opponents defence. Watch where those Bishops are looking!

1. f4 d5

2. e3 Nf6

3. b3 e6

4. Bb2 Be7

5. Bd3 b6

11.1b: Can White legally play 6. Qa4+?

11.1c: How many pieces/pawns (either colour) are in the centre 4x4?

104

11.1a: Yes

11.1b: No, the b3/c2 pawns block the move

11.1c: 6 Bd3, Nf6 and pawns on d5, e6, e3 and f4

6. Nf3 Bb7

7. Nc3 Nbd7

8. O-O O-O

9. Ne2 c5

10. Ng3 Qc7

11.2b: Which minor pieces (either colour) are undefended?

11.2c: Which Black pawns are only protected once?

105

11.2a: f3 and g3

11.2b: Bb2 and Be7

11.2c: a7, e6 and g7

12. Bxe5 Qc6

13. Qe2 a6

14. Nh5 Nxh5

15. Bxh7+

11.3b: How many safe squares does Blacks Queen have available?

106

11.3b: 4 b5, c8, d7 and e8

15.

Kxh7

17. Bxg7 Kxg7

18. Qg4+ Kh7

19. Rf3 e5

20. Rh3+

11.4b: What is the material balance?

11.4c: Which Black pieces are undefended?

107

20.

11.4b: -4 (2 Bishops for 2 pawns)

11.4c: The Be7

Qh6

22. Qd7 Bf6

23. Qxb7 Kg7

24. Rf1 Rab8

25. Qd7 Rfd8

26. Qg4+ Kf8

11.5b: What is the material balance?

11.5c: How many moves can the 2 Black Rooks make?

108

11.5b: +3 (Queen and 2 pawns for a Rook and Bishop)

11.5c: 7

28. e6 Rb7

29. Qg6 f6

30. Rxf6+ Bxf6

31. Qxf6+ Ke8

32. Qh8+ Ke7

11.6b: How many pawns (either colour) are on the board?

11.6c: Could Black move a Rook to f7 if it was his move again?

109

11.6b: 12 pawns

11.6c: No

34. Qxb7 Rd6

35. Qxa6 d4

36. exd4 cxd4

37. h4 d3

38. Qxd3 1-0

110

111

This game comes from the rematch for the World Chess Championship between the

Champion, Wilhelm Steinitz and challenger, the great Russian Mikhail Chigorin, o en

credited as being the founder of the Soviet School of chess. Steinitz has been wri en

into history as one of the great chess theorists, sugges ng and proving in prac ce many

posi onal concepts. S ll, he was more than capable of erce a acking play and had

been called the Austrian Morphy earlier in his career. This is a great example of that

style.

1. e4 e5

2. Nf3 Nc6

3. Bb5 Nf6

4. d3 d6

5. c3 g6

12.1a: How many empty squares does Whites dark-squared Bishop eye?

12.1b: How many pieces/pawns are in the centre 4x4?

112

12.1a: 5 (d2-h6)

12.1b: 8 Nc6, Nf6, Nf3 and pawns on d6, e5, e4, d3 and c3

6. Nbd2 Bg7

7. Nf1 O-O

8. Ba4 Nd7

9. Ne3 Nc5

10. Bc2 Ne6

11. h4 Ne7

12.2b: Which squares in the centre 4x4 do Whites Knights eye?

12.2c: Which squares in the centre 4x4 do Blacks Knights eye?

113

12.2a: Yes

12.2b: c4, d5, f5, d4 and e5.

12.2c: c6, d5, f5, c5, d4 and f4

12. h5 d5

13. hxg6 fxg6

14. exd5 Nxd5

15. Nxd5 Qxd5

16. Bb3 Qc6

12.3a: How many pieces (either colour, including Kings) are on the d- and efiles?

114

12.3b: No, the Nf3 blocks the move

18. Be3 Kh8

19. O-O-O Rae8

20. Qf1 a5

12.4b: How many ways can White put Black in check?

115

12.4a: 1 Qxc3+

12.4b: 1 Rxh7+

21. d4 exd4

22. Nxd4 Bxd4

23. Rxd4 Nxd4

24. Rxh7+

12.5b: What is the material balance?

116

24.

12.5a: 1 Kxh7

12.5b: -4 (a Rook for a pawn), soon to be -9

Kxh7

26. Bh6+ Kf6

27. Qh4+ Ke5

28. Qxd4+ 1-0

117

118

The winner of the Brilliancy Prize at the Has ngs 1895 tournament, this game ended

on move 25 with a combina on that forced mate. On seeing the move, von Bardeleben

le the board without resigning, meaning Steinitz had to wait un l his opponents me

ran down and he won on me. No longer World Champion having been beaten by Lasker

in the previous year, Steinitz demonstrated the ma ng sequence to the audience a er

the game, to great applause.

1. e4 e5

2. Nf3 Nc6

3. Bc4 Bc5

4. c3 Nf6

5. d4 exd4

6. cxd4 Bb4+

13.1a: How many minor pieces (either colour) are in the centre 4x4?

13.1b: If White played 7. Nc3 would the Knight be protected?

13.1c: What colour square is b4?

119

13.1b: Yes, by the b2 pawn

13.1c: Black/dark square

7. Nc3 d5

8. exd5 Nxd5

9. O-O Be6

10. Bg5 Be7

13.2b: How many times is the Nd5 attacked and defended?

13.2c: Would 11. Re1 pin the Be7 against the Black King?

120

13.2b: Attacked twice (by Be7 and Qd8) and defended once

13.2c: No, the e-file is also blocked by the Be6

12. Nxd5 Qxd5

13. Bxe7 Nxe7

14. Re1 f6

15. Qe2 Qd7

16. Rac1 c6

17. d5

13.3a: What squares are the minor pieces (both colours) on?

13.3b: Can Black legally castle Queenside?

13.3c: How many times is the d5 pawn attacked and defended?

121

13.3a: e7 and f3

13.3b: Yes

13.3c: A acked 3 mes (including the Knight, twice is correct if you saw it but

excluded it because of the pin), defended 0 times

17.

cxd5

19. Ne6 Rhc8

20. Qg4 g6

21. Ng5+

13.4b: What is Whites threat?

122

13.4b: To capture Blacks Queen with Qxd7

21. Ke8

22. Rxe7+ Kf8

23. Rf7+ Kg8

24. Rg7+ Kh8

25. Rxh7+ 1-0

(25...Kg8 26.Rg7+ Kh8 27.Qh4+ Kxg7 28.Qh7+ Kf8 29.Qh8+ Ke7 30.Qg7+ Ke8 31.Qg8+ Ke7 32.Qf7+ Kd8

33.Qf8+ Qe8 34.Nf7+ Kd7 35.Qd6#)

123

124

Harry Nelson Pillsbury, the very strong American who won the Has ngs tournament

in 1895, was a rival of Laskers and it has been said that a win at this tournament, St.

Petersburg 1895-6, could have earned him a World Championship match. He suered

from poor health and this impacted on some of his performances. Lasker won the

tournament, and this crucial game, in some style though, producing a Morphy-esque

sacrifice not once but twice.

1. d4 d5

2. c4 e6

3. Nc3 Nf6

4. Nf3 c5

5. Bg5 cxd4

14.1b: Could Black play Bb4 if it was his move?

125

14.1b: Yes

6. Qxd4 Nc6

7. Qh4 Be7

8. O-O-O Qa5

9. e3 Bd7

10. Kb1 h6

11. cxd5

14.2b: Which White piece is attacked by a pawn?

14.2c: Can it be safely taken?

126

11.

14.2a: Both

14.2b: Bg5

14.2c: No, because of Qxh8+

exd5

13. Bxf6 Bxf6

14. Qh5 Nxd4

15. exd4 Be6

16. f4 Rac8

17. f5

14.3b: Is the f5 pawn protected?

14.3c: In this position, what purpose is the Rd1 serving?

127

14.3a: fxe6

14.3b: Yes, by the Qh5

14.3c: Protecting the d4 pawn

17. Rxc3

18. fxe6 Ra3

19. exf7+ Rxf7

20. bxa3 Qb6+

21. Bb5 Qxb5+

22. Ka1 Rc7

23. Rd2 Rc4

14.4b: Can White safely check Black on the next move?

14.4c: What is Blacks immediate threat?

128

14.4b: No, f7 and e8 are protected

14.4c: Capturing the d4 pawn

25. Qf5 Qc4

26. Kb2 Rxa3

27. Qe6+

14.5b: How many legal moves does Black have?

129

14.5a: Yes

14.5b: 3 Kf8, Kh8 and Kh7

27. Kh7

28. Kxa3 Qc3+

29. Ka4 b5+

30. Kxb5 Qc4+ 0-1

130

131

A game between the current and former World Champion, this took place at the

London 1899 tournament, won by Lasker in domina ng fashion with a 4 point lead

over second-place. It was a sad event for Steinitz, the rst me hed not won a prize in a

tournament, he finished 10th out of 15. Lasker provides instruc on on how to carve open

a defence and bring reinforcements into play in this ne game against a fellow chess

legend.

1. e4 e5

2. Nc3 Nf6

3. f4 d5

4. d3 Nc6

5. fxe5 Nxe5

15.1b: Can White safely play 6. Nxd5?

132

15.1a: e5 and f6

15.1b: Yes

6. d4 Ng6

7. exd5 Nxd5

8. Nxd5 Qxd5

9. Nf3 Bg4

10. Be2 O-O-O

11. c3 Bd6

12. O-O Rhe8

15.2a: How many pieces (either colour) are on their original squares?

15.2b: Can White safely play Ng5?

133

15.2b: No because of Bxe2 (or Rxe2)

13. h3 Bd7

14. Ng5 Nh4

15. Nf3 Nxg2

16. Kxg2 Bxh3+

134

17. Kf2 f6

18. Rg1 g5

19. Bxg5 fxg5

20. Rxg5 Qe6

21. Qd3 Bf4

15.4b: Which White pieces are en prise?

15.4c: Which Black pieces are en prise?

135

15.4b: The Rg5 and Be2

15.4c: None

23. Nxg5 Qf6+

24. Bf3 Bf5

25. Nxh7 Qg6

15.5b: Could Black safely capture the Nh7 if it was his move again?

15.5c: Which is Blacks least active piece (excluding the King)?

136

15.5b: No, it is guarded by the Rh1

15.5c: His Rd8

26. Qb5 c6

27. Qa5 Re7

28. Rh5 Bg4

29. Rg5 Qc2+

30. Kg3 Bxf3 0-1

137

138

Akiba Rubinstein, a Polish Grandmaster, was due to play Lasker for the World

Championship in 1914, but the match didnt take place because of the outbreak of the

First World War. A ne endgame player, here he demonstrates fantas c harmony

amongst his minor pieces, with laser-like Bishops and a suppor ng Knight allowing him

to give up his Queen in exchange for his opponents King. A true classic.

1. d4 d5

2. Nf3 e6

3. e3 c5

4. c4 Nc6

5. Nc3 Nf6

16.1b: Can White play 6. Bg5?

16.1c: What colour is the e6 square?

139

16.1a: Attacked once (by the d5 pawn) and defended once (by the Bf1)

16.1b: No, the e3 pawn blocks the move

16.1c: White/light square

6. dxc5 Bxc5

7. a3 a6

8. b4 Bd6

9. Bb2 O-O

10. Qd2

16.2b: How many pieces/pawns are there between the two Queens?

16.2c: Can Black safely play 10Ne4?

140

10.

16.2b: 2 the d5 pawn and Bd6

16.2c: Yes

Qe7

12. Bxc4 b5

13. Bd3 Rd8

14. Qe2 Bb7

15. O-O Ne5

16.3b: How many pieces are only protected by the White Queen?

141

16.3b: 2 the Bd3 and Bb2

17. f4 Bc7

18. e4 Rac8

19. e5 Bb6+

20. Kh1 Ng4

16.4b: How many times is the f2 square attacked and defended?

16.4c: How many times is the Bd3 attacked and defended?

142

16.4b: Attacked twice (by Bb6 and Ng4) and defended twice (by Rf1 and Qe2)

16.4c: Attacked once (by Rd8) and defended once (by Qe2)

22. g3 Rxc3

23. gxh4 Rd2

24. Qxd2 Bxe4+

25. Qg2 Rh3

0-1

143

144

145

Defence meets a ack and wins. Frank Marshall plays the gambit that came to bear

his name in the Ruy Lopez opening against the third World Champion and brings on a

ferocious a ack. Capablanca keeps nding accurate defensive moves and sustains

incredible pressure against Marshalls inven ve play. When the dust se les, the Cuban

has an advantage that he converts clinically.

1. e4 e5

2. Nf3 Nc6

3. Bb5 a6

4. Ba4 Nf6

5. O-O Be7

6. Re1 b5

17.1b: Could Black have castled on his last move?

17.1c: How many safe squares can Whites only attacked piece move to?

146

17.1b: Yes, Kingside

17.1c: 1 the Ba4 has b3

7. Bb3 O-O

8. c3 d5

9. exd5 Nxd5

10. Nxe5 Nxe5

11. Rxe5 Nf6

12. Re1 Bd6

17.2a: Which minor pieces (either colour) are still on their original squares?

17.2b: Which of Blacks pieces is undefended?

17.2c: How many pieces (either colour) are in Whites Kingside 4x4?

147

17.2b: Ra8

17.2c: 2 Re1 and Kg1

13. h3 Ng4

14. Qf3 Qh4

15. d4 Nxf2

16. Re2 Bg4

17. hxg4 Bh2+

17.3b: How many of Blacks pieces are completely undefended?

17.3c: What is the material balance?

148

17.3a: 1 Kf1

17.3b: None

17.3c: +3 (up a Bishop)

19. Rxf2 Qh1+

20. Ke2 Bxf2

21. Bd2 Bh4

22. Qh3 Rae8+

23. Kd3 Qf1+

17.4b: How many of Blacks pieces are completely undefended?

17.4c: What is the material balance?

149

17.4a: 1 Kc2

17.4b: 1, the Bh4

17.4c: +1 (2 minor pieces for a Rook)

25. Qf3 Qg1

26. Bd5 c5

27. dxc5 Bxc5

28. b4

17.5b: Which of Blacks pieces (excluding pawns) are en prise?

17.5c: How many times is the f7 pawn attacked and defended?

150

17.5a: 5

17.5b: The Bishop on c5

17.5c: Attacked twice (by Bc4 and Qf3) and defended twice (by Rf8 and Kg8)

28.

Bd6

29. a4 a5

30. axb5 axb4

31. Ra6 bxc3

32. Nxc3

17.6a: How many pawns (either colour) are in Whites Queenside 4x4?

17.6b: What is the material balance?

17.6c: What is Whites immediate threat?

151

32.

17.6a: None

17.6b: +1 (2 minor pieces for a Rook)

17.6c: To capture the Bishop with Rxd6

Bb4

33. b6 Bxc3

34. Bxc3 h6

35. b7 Re3

36. Bxf7+ 1-0

152

153

Game 10 of the World Championship match between these two Champions. Which

one was the Champion and which the Challenger is vague. Lasker had been Champion up

un l this match but resigned the tle to Capablanca in response to the la ers results

versus the rest of the chess world. The Cuban s ll wished to play Lasker in a match so

there could be no dispute as to his worthiness of the tle. The German agreed, on the

condition he was viewed as the Challenger.

Either way, the match was played and Capablanca won (4 wins, 10 draws, 0 losses).

This game showcased Capablancas strong posi onal play, a ne demonstra on of how

to face an isolated Queens pawn, and endgame technique.

1. d4 d5

2. c4 e6

3. Nc3 Nf6

4. Bg5 Be7

5. e3 O-O

6. Nf3 Nbd7

18.1b: How many of the centre 4x4 squares are eyed by the White Knights?

18.1c: How many of the centre 4x4 squares are eyed by the Black Knights?

154

18.1a: Attacked once (by the d5 pawn) and defended once (by Bf1)

18.1b: 4 d4, d5, e4 and e5

18.1c: 5 f6, c5, d5, e5 and e4

7. Qc2 c5

8. Rd1 Qa5

9. Bd3 h6

10. Bh4 cxd4

11. exd4 dxc4

18.2b: How many pieces/pawns are on the 5th rank?

18.2c: Could White legally play 12. Ne4?

155

18.2b: 1 Blacks Qa5

18.2c: No, the Nc3 is pinned to its King

13. Bb3 Bd7

14. O-O Rac8

15. Ne5 Bb5

16. Rfe1 Nbd5

18.3b: How many pieces (either colour) are on the 5th Rank?

18.3c: How many pieces (either colour) are on the a1-h8 diagonal?

156

18.3a: A acked 3 mes (by Qa5, Rc8 and Nd5) and defended twice (by the b2

pawn and Qc2)

18. Bxe7 Nxe7

19. Qb3 Bc6

20. Nxc6 bxc6

21. Re5 Qb6

18.4a: How many isolated pawns (either colour) are there on the board?

18.4b: How many minor pieces (either colour) are there on the board?

157

18.4b: 2 Nc3 and Ne7

23. Ne2 Rd5

24. Rxd5 cxd5

25. Qd2 Nf5

26. b3 h5

27. h3 h4

18.5a: Could Black have safely a acked the d4 pawn with his Rook on the last

move?

158

18.5b: No, the exchange of Rooks would remove a defender of d4 and Black

would win the pawn

29. Kf1 g6

30. Qb1 Qb4

31. Kg1 a5

32. Qb2 a4

18.6a: Could Black have safely a acked the d4 pawn with his Rook on the last

move?

18.6b: How many Queen moves can White make without losing material?

159

18.6a: Yes, Rc4 was playable as the b3 pawn is pinned against the

unprotected Qb2

34. Rxd2 axb3

35. axb3 Rb6

36. Rd3 Ra6

37. g4 hxg3ep

38. fxg3 Ra2

18.7b: How many pawn islands does each side have?

160

18.7b: 1 for Black, 3 for White

40. Nd1 Ne7

41. Nc3 Rc1+

42. Kf2 Nc6

43. Nd1 Rb1

44. Ke2 Rxb3

18.8b: How many legal moves can White make with his Knight?

161

18.8b: 4 Nd1 to a2, c3, e3 or f2.

46. Nc3 Ne7

47. Ne2 Nf5+

48. Kf2 g5

49. g4 Nd6

50. Ng1 Ne4+

18.8b: How many pieces (either colour) are unprotected?

162

18.8b: 2, the Rb4 and Rd3

52. Kg2 Rb2+

53. Kf1 Rf2+

54. Ke1 Ra2

55. Kf1 Kg7

56. Re3 Kg6

18.9b: How many checks could Black have played on his last move?

163

18.9a: 1, Ke1

18.9b: 4 Ra1+, Rf2+, Nd2+ and Ng3+

57. Rd3 f6

58. Re3 Kf7

59. Rd3 Ke7

60. Re3 Kd6

61. Rd3 Rf2+

18.10a: How many pieces/pawns (either colour) are in the centre 4x4?

18.10b: Which of the 4x4s has the most pieces in it?

164

18.10b: Whites Kingside 4x4

63. Kf1 Ra2

64. Re3 e5

65. Rd3 exd4

66. Rxd4 Kc5

67. Rd1 d4

68. Rc1+ Kd5 0-1

165

166

167

Kasparov and Fischer, who reportedly declared it one of the great masterpieces of the

chessboard having analysed it as a young player. Alexander Alekhine, the fourth World

Champion, cramps his, very strong, opponents posi on, switches play between Kingside,

Queenside and back again and we have 3 Queen sacrifices to enjoy too.

1. d4 f5

2. c4 Nf6

3. g3 e6

4. Bg2 Bb4+

5. Bd2 Bxd2+

6. Nxd2 Nc6

19.1a: How many minor pieces (either colour) are in the centre 4x4?

19.1b: What does Blacks last move threaten?

19.1c: What colour is the g8 square?

168

19.1b: Nxd4

19.1c: White

7. Ngf3 O-O

8. O-O d6

9. Qb3 Kh8

10. Qc3 e5

11. e3 a5

12. b3 Qe8

13. a3 Qh5

19.2b: How many squares can the Nd2 move to safely?

169

19.2b: 1 b1

14. h4 Ng4

15. Ng5 Bd7

16. f3 Nf6

17. f4 e4

18. Rfd1 h6

19.3b: How many Black pawns are undefended?

19.3c: How many pieces (either colour) are undefended?

170

19.3a: 1, g3

19.3b: 2, b7 and c7

19.3c: 1, Whites Qc3

19. Nh3 d5

20. Nf1 Ne7

21. a4 Nc6

22. Rd2 Nb4

23. Bh1 Qe8

19.4a: How many pieces does White have on his first rank?

19.4b: How many outposts does Black have in Whites pawn structure?

19.4c: How many squares can Whites Queen move to safely?

171

19.4b: 4 b4, d3, f3 and g4.

19.4c: 2, b2 and c1.

25. bxc4 Bxa4

26. Nf2 Bd7

27. Nd2 b5

28. Nd1 Nd3

19.5b: Which 2 files are most likely to be opened?

19.5c: How many squares can Whites Queen move to safely?

172

19.5a: None!

19.5b: Files a and b.

19.5c: 2 - a3 and c2.

29. Rxa5 b4

30. Rxa8 bxc3

31. Rxe8 c2

32. Rxf8+ Kh7

33. Nf2

19.6b: How many pieces (either colour) are there on the Queenside?

19.6c: What defends the e3 pawn?

173

19.6b: 2- the Nd3 and Bd7.

19.6c: It is undefended the Knight move Nd1-f2 removed its protection.

33.

c1=Q+

35. Rh2 Qxc4

36. Rb8 Bb5

37. Rxb5 Qxb5

38. g4 Nf3+

39. Bxf3

19.7b: How many squares can the Nf1 move to?

19.7c: How many undefended pieces and pawns (both colours) are there?

174

19.7a: +2 (Rook, Bishop & Knight for Queen) soon to be -1 (Rook and Knight

for Queen)

19.7b: 2 d2 and g3

39.

exf3

41. d5 Kg8

42. h5 Kh7

43. e4 Nxe4

44. Nxe4 Qxe4

45. d6

19.8a: How many minor pieces (either colour) are there and where are they?

19.8b: How many squares can each King legally move to?

175

19.8a: 1, Whites Nf1.

19.8b: 2 each. f2 and h1 for White, g8 and h8 for Black.

45.

cxd6

46. f6 gxf6

47. Rd2 Qe2

48. Rxe2 fxe2

49. Kf2

19.9a: What is the minimum number of moves for Black to get his King to

f5?

remaining pawns?

176

49.

19.9a: 4 (Kh7-g7-f7-e6-f5).

19.9b: g4

exf1=Q+

51. Kf2 Kf7

52. Ke3 Ke6

53. Ke4 d5+ 0-1

177

178

joint 1st, sharing with Bogojubov and Maroczy. Grunfeld nished a place

below, with 10 /17 compared to the winners 11 . This match won one of

the brilliancy prizes for Alekhines strong pressure and ne combina onal

ending.

1. d4 Nf6

2. c4 e6

3. Nc3 d5

4. Bg5 Be7

5. Nf3 Nbd7

6. e3 O-O

20.1b: How many times is the c4 pawn attacked and defended?

20.1c: Which pieces/pawns (either colour) eye the e5 square?

179

20.1a: No, the Qd1 and Bf1 are in the way on either side.

20.1b: Attacked once by d5 pawn and defended once by the Bf1.

20.1c: The Nf3 and d4 pawn for White and the Nd7 and Re8 for

Black.

7. Rc1 c6

8. Qc2 a6

9. a3 h6

10. Bh4 Re8

11. Bd3 dxc4

12. Bxc4 b5

20.2a: How many safe squares can White move his Bc4 to?

20.2b: How many times is the c4 pawn attacked and defended?

20.2c: Which pieces/pawns (either colour) eye the e5 square?

180

20.2b: There isnt a pawn on c4.

20.2c: For White, the Nf3 and pawn on d4, for Black, the Nd7.

13. Ba2 c5

14. Rd1 cxd4

15. Nxd4 Qb6

16. Bb1 Bb7

17. O-O Rac8

18. Qd2 Ne5

20.3a: How many undefended minor pieces (either colour) are on

the board?

20.3c: Which minor piece (either colour) eyes the most empty

squares?

181

20.3b: 2, the c- and d-files

20.3c: Whites Bb2 and Blacks Ne5 both eye 7 empty squares

20. Qc2 g6

21. Qe2 Nc4

22. Be4 Bg7

23. Bxb7 Qxb7

20.4a: How many safe squares can Whites minor pieces move to?

20.4b: How many safe squares can Blacks minor pieces move to?

20.4c: How many times is each Queen protected?

182

20.4a: 5 Nc3 to a2 or b1 and Nd4 to c2, b3 and f3 (4 is correct if

you saw Nc2 allows Nxb2)

capturing the Knight

20.4c: Whites Queen is protected twice (by Nc3 and Nd4) and

Blacks Queen is unprotected

24. Rc1 e5

25. Nb3 e4

26. Nd4 Red8

27. Rfd1 Ne5

20.5a: Can either side check the other from this position?

20.5b: How many safe squares does Whites Queen have?

183

20.5b: 4 c2, d2, e1 and f1

29. Rxc8 Qxc8

30. f3 Rxd4

31. fxe4

20.6b: How many Black pieces are en prise?

20.6c: Which White pieces are undefended ?

184

31.

20.6b: 2, the Nd3 and Rd4

20.6c: The Na2 and Qe2

Nf4

33. Qxc4 Rxd1+

34. Qf1 Bd4+ 0-1

185

Thank you for purchasing this book, I hope you have enjoyed it and found it

to be of value!

Many thanks.

186

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