You are on page 1of 13

Essay writing | Online Assignment help | Homework help service

www.studentsassignmenthelp.com
Email: info@StudentsAssignmentHelp.com

www.studentsAssignmentHelp.com Custom Essay Writing Assignment Help Services UK | US |


Australia | Singapore

Singapore White Paper: A Sustainable Population for a Dynamic Singapore

www.studentsAssignmentHelp.com Custom Essay Writing Assignment Help Services UK | US |


Australia | Singapore

Table of Contents
Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 4
Population target of 6.9m and its economic implications.................................................................. 4
Economic implications................................................................................................................. 5
Discussion on the pros and cons of this policy direction................................................................... 7
Proposing a policy recommendation to improve the situation .......................................................... 9
Conclusion ..................................................................................................................................... 11
References ..................................................................................................................................... 12

www.studentsAssignmentHelp.com Custom Essay Writing Assignment Help Services UK | US |


Australia | Singapore

Introduction

Population of any nation acts as a catalyst for stimulating the pact of economic and financial
development. Population comprises of the number of individuals living in a nation accounting as the
residents of the respective nation. It is worth mentioning that development activities are taken by the
people through a selected set of representatives for the peoples development at the same time. Due
to this, government of different measures and monitors the level and index of population at regular
intervals. In this regard, the underlying paper aims at assessing economic implication of raising
population level in the specific context of Singapore. The efforts of the Singapore government of
increasing population target will be ascertained in light of its pros and cons i.e., advantages and
disadvantages. The paper will also foster or present a proposed policy to overcome the identified
weaknesses and improving the situation considerably.
Population target of 6.9m and its economic implications
The government of Singapore in its white paper named A Sustainable Population for a
Dynamic Singapore has announced to increase the population target in order to grow the total
population in between 6.5m and 6.9m. This increment in the population statistics need to be attained
till the end of 2030. The population target is aimed to increase as the government of Singapore
wants to control the low total fertility rate which is about 1.2 (Gallezo 2013). The increased
population targets will help in mitigating the impact of low level of total fertility rate.

www.studentsAssignmentHelp.com Custom Essay Writing Assignment Help Services UK | US |


Australia | Singapore

In this regard, the Singapore government has specified the population target for both
residents and non-residents. It has been identified that total population of any country comprises of
both residents and non-residents. It is pertinent for the government to clearly specify population
target for each population group in order to develop action plan accordingly. The main emphasis of
government efforts is on stimulating the population growth of residents as compared to nonresidents. This is so because non-residents cannot be considered as the permanent citizens of any
country as they easily switch over to other country for business or any other purpose. Non-residents
reside in any particular country for some specific period or for some particular purpose and switch
over to another country as and when purpose gets accomplished.
It is therefore, pertinent for government of every nation to design and formulate national
plans in light of residents interest and benefits. Singapore government also affirm with this fact and
announces population targets and associated plans for residents. It is evident from the fact that
Singapore government has set the target of population growth for residents in between 4.2m to 4.4m
in 2013. This target was comparatively high than the last year i.e., from 2012 where target of
population growth was about 3.8m for residents (Swee-Hock 2012).
Economic implications
Population growth is also associated with various economic implications. In other words,
high population rate crate significant impact on the overall economy and its development statistics.
The most evident economic implication of high population growth is on the housing demand. The
housing demand is positively related with the population growth. It means increase in the one result

www.studentsAssignmentHelp.com Custom Essay Writing Assignment Help Services UK | US |


Australia | Singapore

in the simultaneous increase of another i.e., high population growth means high housing demand
and vice-versa. The high housing demand will create direct impact on land as more land will be
fragmented to accommodate increasing population. It has been estimated that there is additional
need of 700k homes in Singapore to cater to the housing needs of increased population.
The figure shows that more land will be fragmented in the coming period in Singapore.
Other than this, higher population will also stimulate production process in the economy and thus
will improve the figure of Gross domestic product. The production process will be improved as
there will be wide availability of manpower required to produce and carry out manufacturing
process. The increased manpower will directly result in fastening and making the production
process quicker and ensuring wide availability of products and services. All such factors will result
in more flow of products and services in the economy and thus will enhance the level of gross
domestic product (Teo et. al. 2006).
Although the population growth contributes directly in increasing production, yet it also
results in substantial reduction in the price of produced goods. This is due to the interplay of
demand and supply phenomenon. More production means more availability of goods i.e., huge
supply. As a result, business firms will be forced to sell the products at lower prices in order to clear
the stock by time. The stock clearance situation will result in price decrease of produced goods and
thus causes substantial loss of profits and revenue.
Economic implication of high population growth can also be identified in terms of fall or
decrease in real and nominal wage of workers. It has been identified that government efforts of

www.studentsAssignmentHelp.com Custom Essay Writing Assignment Help Services UK | US |


Australia | Singapore

increasing population will foster high supply of labour and other class of workers. The more number
of workers will disturb the demand and supply figure of labour statistics and forcing the workers to
accept fall in real and nominal wage level. Furthermore, there is also positive economic implication
of the high population growth other than the above stated negative impacts and issues. Economic
growth of any economy is tied closely with the level and pace of technological development. This is
so because economy will be benefited in terms of having more creative minds to develop creative
methodology and technology of working. In other words, the wide pool of creative minds will
accelerate the pace of technological development and can bring the economy in the category of
developed one (Hsiao-Li Sun 2012).
Discussion on the pros and cons of this policy direction
The policy direction of Singapore government of stimulating and increasing population
growth contains both positive and negative aspects. The positive aspects discusses about advantages
while negative aspects throws light on disadvantages of the policy. With respect to this, pros or
advantages of the policy can be outlined in terms of greater domestic market, stimulating investment
climate of the economy, improved productivity, increased demand and consumption level, high
national savings and many more in Singapore. The size of the domestic market is determined by the
number of people residing in a jurisdiction or area. The higher the number of people, the greater will
be the domestic market. Singapore has been identified as one of the lowest population density
country having restricted or limited domestic market.

www.studentsAssignmentHelp.com Custom Essay Writing Assignment Help Services UK | US |


Australia | Singapore

The restricted or limited domestic market prevents the multinational business firms in
making entry decision in the concerned economy. This attitude on the part of multinational business
firms discourages the flow of investment in the country. It should be noted that foreign investors
stimulates the flow of capital formation in an economy through establishing business firms and
investing in the production process. And, size of the domestic market plays a crucial role in
attracting and encouraging investors to invest in the economy and thus stimulates the flow of
investment capital (Darkoh & Rwomire 2003).
Improved productivity level is evidenced from the high population level as there are more
workers and manpower to carry out the production process. The productivity is directly related with
the level and number of outputs delivered by workers in a specified period of time. The higher
number of workers can produce more number of goods and thus can enhance the productivity level.
The improved productivity level enable the business firms of the concerned country to deliver or
offer the products at a lower cost and thus entails high profits and revenues. The availability of
products and services at lower cost contributes directly in improving the figure of national savings.
It becomes possible as the residents are required to spend less amount of money on purchasing and
consumption of products and services. The less spending on the part of residents will motivate them
to save their incomes and thus increase the graph of national savings of the country.
On the other hand, there are also various disadvantages and negatives of Singapores
government policy of population increase. Various research studies and survey has conducted in
order to identify negative impact of this initiative of increasing population to 6.9 million by the end

www.studentsAssignmentHelp.com Custom Essay Writing Assignment Help Services UK | US |


Australia | Singapore

of 2030. The National Population and Talent Division of Singapore have stated that population
target of 6.9 million requires the citizens of the country to grow and increase the existing population
more than 55 percent (Bell 2005). The increment has many negative impacts like as it will increase
cost of living, reduction of real and nominal wages, and excess crowd in public transport vehicles.
Research studies and survey results also indicated that Singapore is a small and tiny nation
having very limited accommodating area and housing space. It is very necessary for the nation to
maintain a reasonable level of population in order to sustain and enabling every resident to live in a
comfort and convenient manner. The open door policy of providing new height to the population
statistics will make this nation flooded with millions of people and posing a threat on the
comfortable and sustainable living. In addition to it, social activist of the Singapore also accords
negative review and comments on the government population expansion plans. Social activist of the
country hold the belief that population expansion plans will give rise to social tension and conflicts
among the residents and non-residents. It is so because increasing population will create pressure on
the job market and housing facilities of the country. And, these two aspects will likely to influence
people considerably and make them more susceptible to conflicts and tensions.
Proposing a policy recommendation to improve the situation
The above discussed negative aspects of population expansion plans highlight the need of
proposing a policy recommendation and solution to the Singapore government in order to improve
the situation. First and initial set of policy recommendation relates to expanding horizon of
population expansion plans. It has been identified that attaining population target of 6.9m by 2030 is

www.studentsAssignmentHelp.com Custom Essay Writing Assignment Help Services UK | US |


Australia | Singapore

quite risky as it has many economic and social implications associated with it. There is need of
expanding this horizon or timeline from 2030 to 2050 as it will provide enough scope to the
government of the country to handle and identify solutions of various social and economic
implications like housing space, public transport problems, etc (Brettell & Hollifield 2000).
Another set of policy recommendation relates to accelerating the growth of job market and
employment opportunities in Singapore. The expanded duration will enable the country to develop
positive investment climate and thus attracting foreign investors to invest in the countrys business
firms and other sectors. The higher investment will give rise to more job and employment
opportunities and thus will handle the problem of lower wages and nominal income of residents,
higher cost of living, and so on. It has been estimated that economy of Singapore need to produce
around half a million jobs in order to provide sustainable and comfortable living to 6.9m population.

Singapore government also need to include workforce growth aspect in the population
expansion plans. Workforce growth is necessary for every country in order to have more secured

www.studentsAssignmentHelp.com Custom Essay Writing Assignment Help Services UK | US |


Australia | Singapore

and vibrant economic future. The high population growth demand simultaneous increase in
workforce growth ratio and statistics. There should be about 0.5 to 1 percent increase in the
workforce growth in order to maintain viability and success of population expansion plans (Bowen
& Pallister 2002).

Conclusion
From the above discussion, it can be concluded that population growth plans of Singapore
government contains various implications in social, economic and financial terms. It has been
identified that both high and low level of population is hazardous for the nations growth and
development. High level of population put pressure on the supply and consumption level while low
level of population results in low demand and thereby low production and manufacturing activities.
Although there are various positive aspects of increased population, yet the negative social and
economic consequences outweigh the effectiveness of population expansion plans. It is necessary to
analyse and interpret such implications before implementing the plan in actual practice.

www.studentsAssignmentHelp.com Custom Essay Writing Assignment Help Services UK | US |


Australia | Singapore

References
Bell, P.A. 2005, Environmental Psychology, Routledge.
Bowen, A. & Pallister, J 2002. Revise for Geography GCSE: AQA specification A, 2nd Edition.
Heinemann.
Brettell, C.B. & Hollifield, J.F. 2000, Migration Theory: Talking Across Disciplines, Routledge.
Darkoh, M,B.D. & Rwomire, A. 2003. Human Impact on Environment and Sustainable
Development in Africa, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Gallezo, K. 2013, How will the 6.9M population target impact the property market?, Available at:
http://sbr.com.sg/residential-property/exclusive/how-will-69m-population-target-impact-propertymarket [viewed on: 7 March 2013].
Hsiao-Li Sun, S.H. 2012, Population Policy and Reproduction in Singapore: Making Future
Citizens, Routledge.
Swee-Hock, S. 2012, The Population of Singapore (Third Edition), Institute of Southeast Asian
Studies.
Teo, P. et. Al. 2006, Ageing in Singapore: Service needs and the state, Taylor & Francis.

www.studentsAssignmentHelp.com Custom Essay Writing Assignment Help Services UK | US |


Australia | Singapore

Essay writing | Online Assignment help | Homework help service

www.studentsassignmenthelp.com
Email: info@StudentsAssignmentHelp.com

www.studentsAssignmentHelp.com Custom Essay Writing Assignment Help Services UK | US |


Australia | Singapore