Instructor: Prof. Dr.

Atalay BARKANA

ANADOLU UNIVERSITY DEPT. OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING EEM401 Professional Aspects of Electrical Engineering

21.10.2009
Homework2: Engineering Ethics 16169230356 Osman GÜLERCAN

I-Introduction:
Engineering is an important and learned profession. As members of this profession, engineers are expected to exhibit the highest standards of honesty and integrity. Engineering has a direct and vital impact on the quality of life for all people. Accordingly, the services provided by engineers require honesty, impartiality, fairness and equity, and must be dedicated to the protection of the public health, safety, and welfare. Engineers must perform under a standard of professional behavior that requires adherence to the highest principles of ethical conduct. 1

II-Main Text:
“Engineering ethics is the field of applied ethics which examines and sets standards for engineers' obligations to the public, their clients, employers and the profession. Engineering does not have a single uniform system, or standard, of ethical conduct across the entire profession. Ethical approaches vary somewhat by discipline and jurisdiction, but are most influenced by whether the engineers are independently providing professional services to clients, or the public if employed in government service; or if they are employees of an enterprise creating products for sale. In the United States the first are usually licensed Professional engineers, are governed by statute, and have generally consistent codes of professional ethics. The latter, working as engineers in industry, are governed by various laws including whistleblowing, and product liability laws, and often rely on principles of business ethics rather than engineering ethics. Professional engineers (Chartered engineers in the United Kingdom.) are distinct from other engineers in that they have obtained some form of license, charter, or registration from a government agency or charter-granting authority acting on their behalf. As such they are subject to regulation by these bodies, as are other regulated professions. Professional and chartered engineers enjoy significant influence over their regulation. They are often the authors of the pertinent codes of ethics used by some of these organizations. These engineers in private practice often, but not always, find themselves in traditional professional-client relationships in their practice. Engineers employed in government service find themselves on the other side of the same relationship.
American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) (www.asce.org/inside/codeofethics.cfm)
1

Engineers in industry, sometimes termed "graduate engineers" in the US if they hold a Bachelor's degree, are not formally accredited by government agencies. Their professional relationships are much more likely to be employee-employer relationships. Despite the different focus, engineers in industry or private practice face similar ethical issues and reach similar conclusions. One American engineering society, the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) has sought to extend professional licensure and a code of ethics across the field regardless of practice area or employment sector.2 "Fundamental Canons 1. Engineers shall hold paramount the safety, health and welfare of the public and shall strive to comply with the principles of sustainable development in the performance of their professional duties. 2. Engineers shall perform services only in areas of their competence. 3. Engineers shall issue public statements only in an objective and truthful manner. 4. Engineers shall act in professional matters for each employer or client as faithful agents or trustees, and shall avoid conflicts of interest. 5. Engineers shall build their professional reputation on the merit of their services and shall not compete unfairly with others. 6. Engineers shall act in such a manner as to uphold and enhance the honor, integrity, and dignity of the engineering profession and shall act with zero-tolerance for bribery, fraud, and corruption.
7. Engineers shall continue their professional development throughout their careers, and

shall provide opportunities for the professional development of those engineers under their supervision."3 “Engineers, in the fulfillment of their professional duties, shall: Hold paramount the safety, health, and welfare of the public.”4 "Engineers shall hold paramount the safety, health and welfare of the public in the performance of their professional duties."5
Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Engineering_ethics American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) (www.asce.org/inside/codeofethics.cfm) 4 National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) (www.nspe.org/Ethics/CodeofEthics/index.html) 5 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) (www.asme.org)
2 3

The difference in perspective between the "engineer as a professional" and the "engineer as employee" is still reflected today in the use of the title "engineer". In US industry, the title "engineer" is determined by the firm and can often apply to anyone executing design work. These can include individuals with an Associate degree or degree in engineering technology. Here, the term "graduate engineer" is pertinent to differentiate those with a bachelor of science degree in engineering. While most American state licensure laws require a bachelor of science degree for licensure, the current US model law for Professional Engineers requires a minimum of a master of science degree in engineering, or a bachelor of science degree with additional equivalent graduate level work. This has received strong support from civil engineers.6 “That difference in perspective has also led to the division of engineering societies broadly into professional and technical societies. Both professional and technical societies advance technical practice through developing standards, and providing educational, and training resources. However, professional societies like ASCE, ASME, IEEE, and later AIChE (1907), and NSPE (1934), also focus on professional practice issues facing the engineer such as licensing laws and ethics. Technical societies like AIME, the American Railway Engineering Association (AREA) (1899), and later the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) (1905) and Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME) (1932 generally don't address professional practice issues, including ethics.”7

III-Conclusion:
6 7

American Council of Engineering Companies (ACEC) (www.acec.org) Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Engineering_ethics

Engineering ethics is the first rule of graduate engineers who start to work in industry as professional staff members. In order to classify the technical talent of engineers, goverments have put a plan to call engineers with their license. In the US, the technical term of “graduate engineers” is usually used in industry if they hold a Bachelor's degree. Professional engineers (Chartered engineers in the UK) are distinct from other engineers. Having registration from a government agency, they are governed by statute. As they working, engineers shall hold paramount the safety and health for people life. Engineering services should require honesty, impartiality, fairness and equity to protect public welfare. To sum up, engineering ethics rules must be performed by all the engineers who conform to the highest principles of ethical policy.

IV-References:
1- American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) (www.asce.org) 2- National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE) (www.nspe.org) 3- American Council of Engineering Companies (ACEC) (www.acec.org) 4- American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) (www.asme.org) 5- Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org)

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