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a brief method of designing the ribbed slab

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3.1 Introduction :

A concrete slab is a common structural element of modern buildings,

centimeters thick, are most often used to construct floors and ceilings,

while thinner slabs are also used for exterior paving.

serves the purpose of a floor and/or a ceiling and/or a landing base. It is

termed a two-dimensional structural element as it spans across the length

and width (or trigonometric components of horizontal and/or vertical

planes thereof like that in case of inclined roofs, stair waist slabs, etc.).

The most common examples of slabs being the floors, roofs, ramps,

concrete staircases, etc. The slabs may or may not have composite

beam(s) network associated with them, which provide inherent support

and rigidity to the slabs per se.

Structural slabs are often supported by beams and are named one or two

way slabs depending on their shape, or they may be supported by

columns and these are termed flat slabs

a prepared and compacted sub base and sub grade. Highway pavements,

airport runways, are common examples.

( 18 )

3.2.1 One-way Beam and slab, One-way flat slab :

These slabs are supported on two opposite sides and all bending moment

and deflections are resisted in the short direction. A slab supported on

Four sides with length to width ratio greater than two, should be designed

as one-way slab.

This type of slab, also called ribbed slab, is supported by reinforced

concrete ribs or joists .The ribs are usually tapered and uniformly spaced

and supported on girders that rest on columns.

3.2.3 One way Ribbed Slabs :

Ribbed slabs are widely used in many countries such as Jordan. This is

the time of erection. This type of slabs or flooring system consists of series of

small closed spaced reinforced concrete T-beams. These floors are suitable for

building with light live loads.

( 19 )

In one-way ribbed slab, loads are transferred in one direction, and the main

reinforcement is distributed in the same direction of the load. With accurate

to temperature and shrinkage, minimum of 33 bars diameter will be used

in both direction and crossing each other over the blocks ( practically ).

3.2.4 Solid and voided slabs :

It consists of a thin topping slab supported by closely spaced small beams

called ribs. The space between successive ribs is made by temporary

removable forms, or by introducing permanent fillers made of light weight

hollow blocks of standard dimensions.

( 20 )

Determination of the minimum thickness of slab for deflection control,

according to table9-5(a) from the ACI318_M-2008 code for the case of one

end continuous one way ribbed slab the minimum thickness is:

hmin =

cantilever, ( in mm ).

Figure 3.2 :

Local Example

for one way

ribbed slab

( 21 )

Assume section dimensions

determine the load for rib :

DL ( rib ) = total DL * 0.55

LL ( rib) = total LL * 0.55

From PROKON 2.4 we get ( Mu )

* If ( Mu ) is Negative :

Find ( ) in the case : =

Find As : =

Check of min ; =

* If ( Mu ) is Positive :

Check (a) Assume (

Determine (Mn) : =

Find (As) : = (

Determine (a) : =

) = 0.9 d

)

a > hf T-section

Find (As) in case and check of () :

= ( )

Actual = (

) > min

( 22 )

Hollow Block = 24 cm

Use thickness of slab 32 cm

Slab Concrete = 8 cm

3.3.2.2 Dead load calculations :

Tile = ( 22 * 0.025 ) = 0.55 KN\m2

Mortar = ( 22 * 0.025 ) = 0.55 KN\m2

Fill = ( 17 * 0.1 ) = 1.7 KN\m2

Partitions = 2.38 KN\m2

Asphalt = ( 14 * 0.01 ) = 0.14 KN\m2

Concrete above Hollow block = ( 24 * 0.08 ) = 1.92 KN\m2

( 23 )

Weight of ribs =

50.18

0.55

.+.

.

= 1.64 KN\m2

= 1.78 KN\m2

WD = 11 KN\m2

3.3.2.3 Live Load :

For classes : LL = 3 KN\m2

For corridors & Stairs : LL = 4 KN\m2

WD = 11* 0.55 = 6 KN\rib

WLc = 3 * 0.55=1.65 KN\rib

Wu = 1.2 * 6 +1.6 * 1.65 = 9.84 KN\m

Fy =420 Mpa fc = 25 Mpa

bw for ribs = 15 cm

Effective depth for slab = 320 40 = 280 mm

As min = min * b * t = 0.0018 * 1000 * 80 = 144 mm2

Use 10 ( As bar = 78.5 mm2 )

Spacing =

Use

= 545 mm

( 24 )

A Designed example for ribbed slab ( 1st floor ) :

Given :

f'c = 25 Mpa

fy = 420 Mpa

h =320 mm

d =280 mm

bw = 150 mm

bf = 550 mm

According to PROKON analysis :

* For rib #1 :

3.4.1 For ( Positive Moment = 39.28 KN.m ) :

Find As :

=

=

; ( jd = 0.9 * d )

39.2810 6

4200.90.9280

= 412.4 mm2

Check min :

=

509

280150

= 0.012

( 25 )

=

.

1.4

420

= .

0.25 25

420

= 0.00298

That's OK

509420

0.8525550

= 18.3 mm

=

18.3

0.85

= 21.5 mm

. =

28021.5

21.5

0.003 = 0.036

Tension controlled

= 0.9 509 420 280

18.3

2

106

Find As :

=

4110 6

4200.90.9280

= 430.42 mm2

( 26 )

Check min :

509

280150

= 0.012

.

1.4

420

= .

0.255

420

= 0.00298

That's

Ok

509420

0.8525550

= 18.3 mm

=

18.3

0.85

= 21.5 mm

. =

28021.5

21.5

0.003 = 0.036

Tension controlled

= 0.9 509 420 270

18.3

106

That s OK

3.4.3 Reinforcement :

@ = 36.72 KN

= .

= 0.17 1 25 150 280 103 = 35.7 KN

( 27 )

> . ??

39.49 KN > 0.5 0.75 35.7 = 13.4 KN

That s OK We need shear reinforcement

< ??

39.49 > 26.8

That s OK We need shear reinforcement

=

36.72

35.7 = 13.26 KN

0.75

< . ??

15.1 KN < 69.3

That s OK . . We ll use

Assume 10mm stirrups diameter :

= = 157 mm2 . = 280 KN

280

=

or

or

= 945.4 mm

( )

. (

or

= 810.7 mm

)

We Should Use @

( 28 )

1) For Rib #1 :

( 29 )

2) For Rib #2 :

( 30 )

3) For Rib #3 :

( 31 )

4) For Rib #4 :

( 32 )

5) For Rib #5 :

( 33 )

6) For Rib #6 :

( 34 )

7) For Rib #7 :

( 35 )

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