CHEM 1B

© All Rights Reserved

12 views

CHEM 1B

© All Rights Reserved

- Minimum Report Requirements for Batch Experiment
- pull
- lection_3(eng).pdf
- OLED-Lighting-Light-Source-Brightness-Comparison_LG-Chem-OLED-Panel-Specifications-Dimensions (1).doc
- anu prephd syllabus
- 1-s2.0-S0920586196002222-main
- Example
- 7 Equilibria (as)
- Chapter 19 Lecture
- Chemical Kinetics Paper
- Chemicalkinetics Presentation 150214034801 Conversion Gate02
- RC delay
- Adiabatic Reactors Final Lab Group 1-A
- Determination of an Equilibrium Constant
- 10.1016@j.postharvbio.2018.02.003.pdf
- Assignment Week 3
- Technical Guide Edition 1.1 - Gas Spring Overview
- A Study on Kinetics of Beer Ageing Anddevelopment of Methods for Predicting Thetime to Detection of Flavour Changes in Beer
- 234262761 Manual Ejes Frenos
- PEDUCA, Joshua.docx

You are on page 1of 13

graphs as part of some of you laboratory reports and how to use the information

obtained from these graphs to perform the appropriate calculations.

Title

(liters)

Axis labels

(atmospheres)

(liters)

(torr-1)

(x1, y1)

(x2, y2)

Y

= mx +

The following table shows the rate constants for the rearrangement of methyl

isonitrile at various temperatures (these are the data in the table:

(a) From these data, calculate the activation energy for the reaction.

ln k = -(Ea/RT) + ln A

Must be in Kelvin units

Solve: (a) We must first convert the temperatures from degrees Celsius to

kelvins. We then take the inverse of each temperature, 1/T, and the natural log

of each rate constant, ln k. This gives us the table shown at the right:

methyl isonitrile

(x1,y1)

(x1,y1)

(Kelvin-1)

ln k = -(Ea/RT) + ln A

slope = m = -Ea/R

10

The slope of the line is obtained by choosing two well-separated points, as shown, and using the coordinates of

each:

Because logarithms have no units, the numerator in this equation is dimensionless. The denominator has the

units of 1/T, namely, K1. Thus, the overall units for the slope are K. The slope equals Ea/R. We use the value

for the molar gas constant R in units of J/mol-K (Table 10.2). We thus obtain

We report the activation energy to only two significant figures because we are limited by the precision with

which we can read in the graph.

11

1. The following equation is used to calculate the enthalpy of reaction by measuring the

equilibrium constant for that reaction at various temperatures.

ln Keq = H/RT + constant

In this equation Keq is a equilibrium constant specific for a given chemical reaction, H is the

enthalpy of reaction, R is a constant = 8.3145 J mol1 K1 , and T is the temperature in units of

Kelvin. This equation has the same form as the equation of a straight line (y = mx + b), where m

is the slope of this line and b is the intercept (the value of y when x = 0). A plot of ln (natural

log) Keq vs. T will give a straight line with slope = H/R .

The following experimental data was obtained for the reaction

CO(g) + H2O(g)

Keq

210

73

31

16

CO2(g) + H2(g)

T (K)

478

533

588

643

Using the above information to determine H from a plot of ln Keq (y-axis) vs. 1/T (x-axis).

12

2. Chemical reactions occur at a wide range of rates. Some are very fast (chemical explosions,

neutralization reactions...). Others are very slow (rusting of iron, cooking, the aging process).

Chemical kinetics is the area of science that study the rates of chemical reactions and the factors

that control these rates.

The Arrhenius equation relates the rate constant of a chemical reaction (this constant is specific

for a given chemical reaction and it only changes with temperature changes) with the activation

energy (the minimum energy the molecules must have to react).

The Arrhenius equation is k = AeEa/RT , where k is the rate constant, A is a constant, Ea is the

activation energy, R is a constant = 8.3145 J mol1 K1 , and T is the temperature in Kelvin units.

Using natural logs on both sides of this equation we obtained,

ln k = Ea/RT + ln A

A plot of ln k (y axis) vs. 1/T (x-axis) will result in a straight line with slope = Ea/R and

intercept = ln A. Using the tabulated data below determine the Ea energy for a chemical

reaction from a plot of ln k (y axis) vs. 1/T (x-axis).

k (L mol1 s1)

0.0521

0.101

0.184

0.332

T (K)

288

298

308

318

13

- Minimum Report Requirements for Batch ExperimentUploaded byrajkranga
- pullUploaded byRaghavendra Ga
- lection_3(eng).pdfUploaded bya320neo
- OLED-Lighting-Light-Source-Brightness-Comparison_LG-Chem-OLED-Panel-Specifications-Dimensions (1).docUploaded byJohn Cena
- anu prephd syllabusUploaded byAR-T
- 1-s2.0-S0920586196002222-mainUploaded byKide Silve
- ExampleUploaded byhfdsjhgjhg
- 7 Equilibria (as)Uploaded bynickmirad2
- Chapter 19 LectureUploaded bykarlchemist13
- Chemical Kinetics PaperUploaded byElden Pamiloza Muncal
- Chemicalkinetics Presentation 150214034801 Conversion Gate02Uploaded byranazikria
- RC delayUploaded byxmanian9
- Adiabatic Reactors Final Lab Group 1-AUploaded byHaris Sheikh
- Determination of an Equilibrium ConstantUploaded bymayra perez
- 10.1016@j.postharvbio.2018.02.003.pdfUploaded byKartika Munir
- Assignment Week 3Uploaded byMeredith Villarete
- Technical Guide Edition 1.1 - Gas Spring OverviewUploaded byCamlocMotion
- A Study on Kinetics of Beer Ageing Anddevelopment of Methods for Predicting Thetime to Detection of Flavour Changes in BeerUploaded byRoberto Lazarte Bedoya
- 234262761 Manual Ejes FrenosUploaded byPiero Fabrizzio Mendoza Fuente
- PEDUCA, Joshua.docxUploaded byyeng botz

- FE Review - Strength of Materials - Omar MezaUploaded bygundulp
- Barcode Generator (code128).txtUploaded byAleks54321
- Optimization of Cylindrical Grinding Process Parameters on C40E Steel Using Taguchi TechniqueUploaded byAnonymous lGK9Y6
- Cbse Sample Paper for Class 7 Science Sa2Uploaded byJaimon Jacob
- Steel Construction BCSATata Steel SCI -DesignUploaded bymys85
- Midterm 12 SolUploaded byShinee Jayasilan
- 1D Finite ElementUploaded byHamid Mojiry
- Seven Habits of Problem SolvingUploaded bytansoei
- MEMS 411 Morphing Wing RC Glider Senior Design Project.pdfUploaded byAnilkumar Naidu
- ch01_mUploaded byKTMO
- ElbeihUploaded bynikhilesh2011
- Civil Engineering FC 11 12Uploaded byHarold Jones
- 1983, Holst T. L., Numerical Computation of Transonic Flow Governed by the Full-Potential Equation, NASA TM 84310.pdfUploaded byAnatoli Krasilnikov
- lec19.pdfUploaded byCarlos Arturo García
- LC-MS.pdfUploaded byhugoboss_dark
- Lecture Notes (Chapter 1.3 Partial Derivative).pdfUploaded byShaktivell Letchumanan
- About VibrationUploaded byspc4u
- Abraham Pais-Niels Bohr's Times,_ in Physics, Philosophy, And Polity-Oxford University Press, USA (1994)Uploaded byClaudio Daniel
- Applied Thermodynamics_ Software SolutionsUploaded byHamza Ait Taleb
- CT_221.pdfUploaded byClyde Labay
- Soil Stablization Using Egg Shell PowderUploaded byilyas hussain
- atomic mass evaluation - Tables, graphs and referencesUploaded byLuís Henrique Amorin
- Dilatometry pptUploaded byUpendra93
- FEM&BestpracticesUploaded byHem A
- Cavity Opto-mechanics - Wikipedia, The Free EncyclopediaUploaded byNeha Anis
- E3 Stellar DistancesUploaded byRita Rosa
- Salvador DaliUploaded byOyens Estoye
- Beam EquationsUploaded byAhmed Abotoor
- novo sptUploaded byBambang Santoso
- E 494 – 95 (Reapproved 2001) Std. Practice for Measuring Ultrasonic Velocity in Materials1.pdfUploaded byJORGE ARTURO TORIBIO HUERTA

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.