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1. Trace the development of Sociology in the Philippines.

The development of Sociology in the Philippines can be divided into three categories
(1) when in it regarded as a Social Philisophy, (2) when it is regarded as a welfare or
problem oriented, and (3) when it is geared more towards scientific orientation.

Sociology viewed as a Social Philosophy started at the University of Santo

Tomas when Fr. Valentin Marin initiated it with Criminology, which was
followed by A.W. Salt and Murray Bartlett at University of the Philippines Manila and by Clyde Helfin at Siliman University - Dumaguete. This approach
lasted until the 1950's.


As a problem or welfare oriented approach of the study was introduced by the

first Filipino to acquire a Ph.D in Sociology and has written the book, An
Introduction to Sociology, in 1938 - Serafin N. Macaraig. He attempted to
introduce the scientific view of Sociology but it became a failure since he was
using a substandard theories in courses and teachers orientation.


By 1950's, Socioly was introduced with more emphasis on its scientific

orientation. Which was done by (a) increasing the number of Sociological
student grantees, (b) establishing social science research centers, (c) growing
frequencies on seminars, and (d) publication of journals. This had made the
people aware of the importance of sociological facts in the decision-making

In the Philippines at recent, more studies had been undergone to give a future
solution to the recent wars in the Mindanao.
2. What is Sociology?
Sociology is the scientific study of human groups. It provides tools for understanding
how and why our society functions, impact of social intuitions on individual lives,
and the challenges of social interaction between individuals and society. Through
teaching, research, and service learning, the Sociology program provides critical
understanding of ways people relate to one another through the organization of
society and how its structures and cultures influence our lives. Subject matters of
sociology ranges from family life to organizations, from crime to education, from the
divisions of race and social class to the shared beliefs of a common culture, from
poverty to wealth. Few fields have such a broad and exciting scope.

3. Why is there a need to study sociology?

Sociology studies society in a scientific way. Before the emergence of sociology,
there was no systematic and scientific attempt to study human society with all its
complexities. Sociology has made it possible to study society in a scientific manner.
This scientific knowledge about human society is needed in order to achieve
progress in various fields and Sociology throws more light on the social nature of
man. Sociology evolves deep into the social nature of man. It tells us why man is a
social animal, why he lives in groups, communities and societies. It examines the
relationship between individual and society, the impact of society on man and other
4. What are the component of Filipino Society, Culture and Values?
Filipino Culture:

Norms- come in the form of rules, standards, or prescriptions followed by

Mores- define what is morally right and wrong.
Values- represents standard use to evaluate desirability of things.
Language- refers to a system of symbols that have specific and arbitrary
meaning in a given society.
Fashion, Fadsm Crazes- operate as a force for social change.

Filipino Values:

Family Values (e.g. Respect, Obedience, Servitude, etc.)

Spiritual Values (e.g. God-fearing, Devotion, etc.)
Relationship Values (e.g. Humility, Dependability, etc.)
Workplace Values (e.g. Initiative, Resourscefulness, etc.)
Community Values (e.g.Cooperation, Charity, Integrity, etc.)

5. What are the concept of groups and agents of socialization?

Concept of Groups
Groups are a set of people with some common characteristics. A group can be as
broad as "All Men on earth" or it may be much smaller such as "The Class of 2010,
St. Paul University". Groups may be temporary, e.g "people on Luneta Park on 11th
November 2012". Or they may be permanent, "All women born in the year 2008".
All of us are part of many groups. We may be part of a group by choice (e.g friend
circle, work group, club); by birth (religion, ethnic group); by situation (e.g. At
Luneta Park on 12th November 2012); by force (e.g. passengers on board a hijacked
flight); or by many other criteria.

Some groups are almost always dominant on us, e.g. family. Other groups are
dominant for a brief period, e.g. the diners in a restaurant. At any given time our
behaviour is heavily influenced by the groups that are dominant on us at that time.
The behaviour of the group, in turn, is the sum total of the actions of each individual
in the group. This is a self reinforcing cycle. On one hand it can lead a group to lay
down their lives for a cause; and on the other, it can lead to violent mob behaviour
that can shame mankind.
Agents of socialization:
Of all the agents of socialization, the family is arguably the most important.Within
the family the child first develops physical skills, such as walking, and the
intellectual skills of speech, math, and writing. The family is also important because
it gives the child social location within society.
The school is the agent of socialization responsible for teaching formal cognitive
skills, such as reading, writing, math, and history.
Sociologists have found that the peer group, which consists of friends who are
approximately the same age and have the same social status, is very influential in
shaping the childs behavior and values. The influence of the peer group increases
with age , peaking during adolescence . Teenagers are in the process of forging their
own identities and participating in a distinctive, youth oriented culture that helps
them to gain independence from their parents and other adults.
Mass media refers to communications that are disseminated to large audience
without direct feedback or other interpersonal contacts between the senders and
the receivers. While films, radio, newspapers, and books are part of the media,
television is the dominant medium.
In every society, religion is an important source of individual direction. The values
and moral principles in religious doctrine give guidance about appropriate roles and
Almost all of us will spend a significant portion of our adult life working outside the
home for wages or salaries. The environments, in which we work, however are very
different. Some of us will work with machines, others with ideas; some will work with
people, others on people, much of it is impersonal, monotonous, and regulated by
time clocks; but some is highly personal, challenging and flexible.