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7. (CV)
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10. 10%.

11. cm cm.
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12.
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13. y.

14. .

15. .

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 1
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3,8.
.
4.

x1
1
2
3
4
5
6

1
2
1
1

3
1

.
x .

x11 + x 2 2 + ... + x
,
1 + 2 + ... +
.... ..... + .... .... + .... .... + x .... + .... .... + .... ....

x=
.... + .... + .... + x + .... + ....
.... + .... + .... + 4x + .... + ....
x=

x + ....
4x + ....
3,8 =
3,8( x + ....) = 4x + .... .......................................................................
x + ....
x=

..........................................................................................................................................
x = 12 .
.
x . ()
,
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:
1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, ... ,4, 4, 5, 5, 5, 6
x

= ....+ ....
. .
= 4 , x = ......
. .
... + ...
, =
= 4 , x = ......
2
 2

:
: 26, 18, 20, 18, 4, 16, 10, 20, 22, 5, 6
: 30, 6, 20, 10, 4, 18, 24
. ;

26 + 18 + 20 + 18 + 4 + 16 + 10 + 20 + 22 + 5 + 6 = ....... 11 .
30 + 6 + 20 + 10 + 4 + 18 + 24 = ....... 7 .
.
.
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........
........
= ..... x B =
= ..... . ...... ,
.....
.....
....... .
 3
15. ,
.
xA =

1.
x , x + 2, x + 4, x + 6, x + 8, x + 10, x + 12, x + 14 .

x =

t1 + t 2 + ... + t
,

..... + ..... + ..... + ..... + ..... + ..... + ..... + .....

8
..... + 56
15 =
.......................................................................................................
8
15 =

.........................................................................................................................................
x = ..........

..... , ..... , ..... , ..... , ..... , ..... , ..... , ...... .
2.
()
, , ()
. .............
..... + .....
= .....
=
.....
3. (R),
, R = ..... ..... = ..... .
 4
7 x = 15 S2 = 16 .
( t1 x ) 2 + ( t 2 x ) 2 + ( t 3 x ) 2 + ( t 4 x ) 2 + ( t 5 x ) 2 + ( t 6 x ) 2 = 12 , t 7 .

:
1

S2 = ( t 1 x ) 2 + ( t 2 x ) 2 + ( t 3 x ) 2 + ( t 4 x ) 2 + ( t 5 x ) 2 + ( t 6 x ) 2 + ( t 7 x ) 2
7
( t1 x ) 2 + ( t 2 x ) 2 + ( t 3 x ) 2 + ( t 4 x ) 2 + ( t 5 x ) 2 + ( t 6 x ) 2 = 12 , x = 15 S2 = 16
:
1
16 7 = 12 + ( t 7 15) 2
16 = 12 + ( t 7 15) 2
7
............................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................

..
.
t 7 = ..... ..... .

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 5

1.
2.
3.

1
3
7
15
8

[40, 48)
[48, 56)
[56, 64)
[64, 72)

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xi

[40, 48)
[48, 56)
[56, 64)
[64, 72)

1 x i

3
7
15
8

1.

x =

2.

S2 =

x11 + x 2 2 + x 3 3 + x 4 4 .......
=
58,8
1 + 2 + 3 + 4
....

1
( x i x ) 2 i , ,

i =1
xi
1 x i x

3
7
15
8

X
[40, 48)
[48, 56)
[56, 64)
[64, 72)

S2 =

1
( x 1 x ) 2 1 + ( x 2 x ) 2 2 + ( x 3 x ) 2 3 + ( x 4 x ) 2 4

1
(.....) 2 3 + (.....) 2 7 + (.....) 2 15 + (.....) 2 8
.....
1
S2 =
[..... + ..... + .... + .....] S2 = .............. = ......
.....
.....
S = ......... ........
3.
, ,


CV =
100% ,

......
CV =
100 = .......
......
S2 =

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1. 5 x = 12 s 2 = 36 . 4
4

(x
i =1

x ) 2 = 99 , x 5 .

2. 30 60 kgr 9 kgr 2 .

20 75 kgr 16 kgr 2 .
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3. 30 x
s 2x = 4 . 20 y
s 2y = 9 . x = y :
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16, 4 16, .
5. x s .
Xx
Y =
s Y = 1 .
s
6. s 2 x
, s 2 = ( x 2 ) ( x ) 2 .
7. s12 x x 1 , x 2 ,..., x .

x +1 , s 22 .
2
1

s1 +
( x x +1 ) 2 .

+1
+1

8. 50 10 20 (
). 12, 14,
18 16.
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;
9. 5 x = 4 s 2 = 10 ,
s 22 =

. ,

(x
i =1

x ) 2 = 14 , .

10. 10 5, 3, 2, 6, 7, 2, 3, 9, 3, 4 .
., .
) , ;
) (), , 18%;
) 100 . ( ) ,
();

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11. 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 12
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0 1. .
12. 90, 92 6.
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13. 5 6. 7.
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14. 4 50%.
t i2 = 200 , .
x
15. .
5,5, x.

16.
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6 14

1
2
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2
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12
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,
, 1995,
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3
4
5
6
7
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14

18.
1995
().

50-54
55-59
60-64
65-69
70-74
75-79
80-84
85-89

2
4
6
8
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( )
0-20
20-40
40-60
60-80
80-100

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14
20
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i. 54 66.
ii. 69.
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7 14

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3


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( 5)

t i , i = 1,2,..., X ,
x , .

, :
i.
t i :
: x , :
, : x .

x
i =1

ii.

t i x : : x ,
i =1

x2
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2 x ,

x2 .

( 8)

x s .
Xx
s Y = 1 .
Y =
s
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30 60 9 ()2,
20 75 16
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: s = 2 , x = 3

t
i =1

2
i

= 273 , ,


ti

1 2 i=1
2
.
s = t i
i=1

( 13)

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2
1

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9 14

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200 m 2 14 2 .
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12 20 .
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4
25
s

3
[43,80, 44,00)
[44,00, 44,20)
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400m.
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[44,40,
44,60)
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44,80)
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Fi % .
ii. 44,60 s;
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16 ;
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X t1 , t 2 ,..., t x
s. :
t 2 + t 2 + ... + t 2
s2 + x 2 = 1 2
.
1.

( 7,5)

2.

t 12 + t 22 + ... + t 2 t 1 + t 2 + ... + t

( 7,5)

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1 s 12 x 2
s 22 x . :
i.
1 + 2 x .
ii.

1 + 2 s 2 =

1s12 + 2s 22
.
1 + 2
( 10)

3

. x = 80 20 .
10 20 5 , 9
10 , .
( 10)


X t1 , t 2 ,..., t x

s12 . t +1 s 22 .
:
s 22 =

1
2

s1 +
( x t +1 ) 2 .
+ 1
+1

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X t1 , t 2 ,..., t x
s 2 . :

s 2 = x x (x + 1) = t i
i =1

( 12,5)

X t1 , t 2 ,..., t , 3 5 2 + 10 .
x
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i.
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ii.
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2
i

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i =1

( 12,5)

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4
1

31 15.
15;

2, 1, 3, 4 ,
F1 % = 30 , F2 % = 10 , F3 % = 50 . :
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x .
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s .
2

2, 1, 4, 3
N 2 = 25 N 4 = 51 . .

t1 , t 2 ,..., t 12 4.

t i = t i + , , R .
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x , s.
10%. :
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t1 , t 2 ,..., t 6 4.

t i = 2 t i + , , R .
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t1 , t 2 ,..., t e .

t i = ln( t1 ) .

.
t i .

t i 1,

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=1

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