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SDGs at a Glance

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which ratified in September 2015 by


the United Nations (UN) consist of 17 global transformation and development
goals which targeted to be achieved by 2030 across the globe. SDGs are
global development agenda which replaced the implementation of previous
MDGs.
By bringing the slogan, Leave no one behind, these global development
goals are expected to invite, involve and target all of the elements in the
society, including the disadvantaged groups, such as people with disabilities,
women and children as well as another vulnerable group which so far
unnoticed. SDGs are expected to bring a comprehensive solution to the
various global issues by implementing its 17 goals and 169 targets. Here, the
success indicators of the implementation of SDGs in each and every country
should be adapted according to the global standard so that we, as the citizen
of the world could achieve all of the goals within SDGs by 2030.
With the aims to strengthen the inclusiveness, involvement and capacity of
the people in implementing the SDGs, Oxfam in Indonesia together with the
Indonesian government, Civil Society Organization (CSO), academics,
communities and another stakeholder, support the implementation and the
accomplishment of the SDGs in Indonesia. In the early stages of the SDGs
implementation, Oxfam in Indonesia is currently focusing its agenda within
some goals as follows:

Goal 1: No Poverty
As the aim of the goal 1 is to end the poverty in any forms and in anywhere,
there are 7 targets which this goal needs to achieve. Given the fact that as
many as 28.51 million people in Indonesia, or 11.13% of the total Indonesian
population are still living below the poverty line (source: Indonesian Center
Bureau of Statistics, September 2015) in which of the most are small-scale
farmers and workers in the agricultural sector, therefore, it is important for
the Indonesian government with the support from various parties to set a
strategy for poverty reduction program in Indonesia.
These are some of the targets from goal 1:

1.2. By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and
children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to
national definitions
1.4. By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the
vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to
basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of 13
property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and
financial services, including microfinance
1.5. By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable
situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related
extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and
disasters
In relation to the goal 1, Oxfam in Indonesia has been conducting various
programs for poverty alleviation which specifically targeted the small-scale
farmers. Here are some programs from Oxfam in Indonesia which correspond
to the targets above:
1. Actively support the farmers and fisheries in Indonesia to acquire the
justice on their production. This program has been done in the North
Kalimantan (Borneo) and Lampung Province with specific farming
industries in shrimp aquaculture and palm oil. In East Nusa Tenggara,
Oxfam in Indonesia also worked on the issue of the commodity
development of the virgin coconut oil
2. Ensure the farmers (both male and female) to secure the access and
control of the natural resources and production which support their
business. The program was conducted within the issue of the palm oil
commodity in West Kalimantan and North Sumatera, as well as the
seaweed commodity in South Sulawesi

Goal 5: Gender Equality


No equal opportunities and rights between men and women, public policy
which limits the space for women and lack of good perception and
appreciation for women are some of the issues which proliferate the gap

between men, women and girls. The goal number 5 from SDGs covers 9
targets as follows:
1. End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere
2. Ensure womens full and effective participation and equal opportunities
for leadership at all levels of decision making in political, economic and
public life
3. Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources,
as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms
of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in
accordance with national laws
4. Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and
communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women
5. Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the
promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and
girls at all levels
In relation to the goal 5 from SDGs, some programs which will and have
been conducted by Oxfam in Indonesia, specifically for the women
empowerment issues are:
1. Fight for womens rights to land
2. Support the womens access to the natural and productive resources,
such as the ease of access to credit loans and access to the technology
to support them, in earning some income
3. To promote the womens leadership in the value chain as well as the
decision making process in their own business
4. Acknowledgement to the womens small-scale farmers, e.g. Female
Food Hero program
5. SDGs capacity building program to some womens groups, women
parliament members as well as the women government employees in
South Sulawesi, West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara
6. Involving the womens group, the women parliament members and the
women government employees in South Sulawesi, West Nusa Tenggara
and East Nusa Tenggara in monitoring and evaluation of the SDGs
implementation
7. Support the government officials through advocacy in the public
policies which relate to the issue of gender equality

Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities


Various issues in inequalities, especially for the labor and another
vulnerable group are causing unfair and inequitable life. As the goal 5
tries to reduce the inequality both in and between the countries, here are
some targets which Oxfam in Indonesia is focusing its operations into:
1. By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political
inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity,
origin, religion or economic or other status
2. Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including
by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and
promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard
3. Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies,
and progressively achieve greater equality
Oxfam in Indonesia has some programs which aim to reduce the inequalities
with regard to the above targets, such as:
1. Conducting some studies within the area of inequality issues, to
support the implementation of living wage for workers and to support
the government policies which aim to reduce the wage gap between
male and female workers
2. Supporting the tax reform and public service investment towards the
equal wealth distribution
3. Involving the disadvantaged groups such as people with disabilities to
the programs of capacity building which relate to the implementation
of SDGs
The interconnections between objective and the importance of
partnership
1. One of the characteristics from the SDGs is the interconnection
between its 17 goals. The targets which Oxfam in Indonesia focuses on
goal 1, 5 and 10 are intersect with some of the targets from goal 2 and
8
2. In accordance with the spirit of the implementation of the SDGs which
emphasizes the importance of the partnership in the implementation of
the activities as stated in the goal 17 and in the hope of achieving the

maximum results and wider target beneficiaries, in conducting the


programs, Oxfam in Indonesia always build a collaboration with various
local partners in Indonesia, including the CSO, government as well as
private sector
3. In addition to the involvement of all stakeholders, another important
thing that can be emphasized in the implementation of SDGs is to see
the civil society as an important actor in bringing the change and
achieving this global development agenda by 2030

Goal 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth


Research from Oxfam shows that the gaps from the wages received by the
workers and the working condition experienced also by the workers have
become the compounding factors which widen the gap between the
wealthiest and the poorest in the country. Specific for the case in the
garment industry for example, the poor bargaining position of the workers
and the dominant power of the firms have arguably contributed to the
poverty wages and inequality.
In order to overcome the problem of inequality and poverty wages, Oxfam in
Indonesia believes that promoting living wage has become one of the
alternative solutions for proliferating the decent working condition,
supporting the poverty reduction, as well as reducing the income gap.
For goal 8, here are some targets which Oxfam in Indonesia is trying to
achieve:
1. Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification,
technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on
high-value added and labor-intensive sectors
2. Promote development-oriented policies that support productive
activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and
innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-,
small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to
financial services
3. By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for
all women and men, including for young people and persons with
disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value

4. By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in


employment, education or training
5. Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labor, end
modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and
elimination of the worst forms of child labor, including recruitment and
use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labor in all its forms
6. Protect labor rights and promote safe and secure working
environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular
women migrants, and those in precarious employment
Why?
Oxfam in Indonesia has an overall goal, In 2020, 2.5
million men and women in Indonesia will be empowered
to overcome the poverty, vulnerability and inequality.
Fact
Poverty is still a real challenge for the Indonesian economic development. With
the average of economic development rate around 6-7%, Indonesia has grown
from the low income country to lower-middle income country. The stable
economic development reduces the poverty rate all around Indonesia.
Indonesia has made a significant development in reducing the poverty rate from
23% in rural area in 1999 to less than 12% in 2013. From 254 million
Indonesians, more than 30 million live below the poverty level and around a half
of the household stay around the national poverty line which stipulated around
USD 16.6