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This is gdjp previous year question paper

This is gdjp previous year question paper

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Title of the paper: Gas Dynamics & Jet Propulsion Systems/ Gas

Dynamics & Jet Propulsion

Semester: V

Max. Marks: 80

Sub.Code: 15506 (2002/2003/2004/2005)

Time: 3 Hours

Date: 02-05-2008

Session: AN

PART A

Answer All the Questions

(10 x 2 = 20)

1.

2.

Find the highest possible velocity which could result form the

expansion of air at a standard temperature of 15C

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

PART B

Answer All the Questions

(5 x 12 = 60)

11. (a) Represent Isentropic and adiabatic flow through diffuser and

nozzle on T-S diagram and label different states between the

initial and final states.

(3)

(b) Air (? = 1.67, Cp = 1.05 kJ/kgK) at P1 = 3 x 105N/m2 and T1 =

500 K flows with a velocity of 200 m/s in a 30 cm diameter duct.

Calculate:

(i) Mass flow rate and Stagnation temperature

(2 + 2)

(ii) Mach number

(2)

(iii) Stagnation pressure values assuming the flow as

compressible and incompressible respectively.

(3)

(or)

12. What is the effect of Mach number on the compressibility? Prove

for ? = 1.4, (P? P)/ (0.5? C2) = 1+0.25 M2 +0.025 M4+

13. A nozzle in a wind tunnel gives a test section Mach number of 2.

Air enters the nozzle form a large reservoir a 0.69bar and 310K.

The cross-sectional area of the throat is 1000 cm 2. Determine the

following quantities for the tunnel for one-dimensional isentropic

flow:

(a) Pressures, temperatures and velocities at the throat and the

test section

(6)

(b) Area of cross section of the test section

(2)

(c) Mass flow rate and the Power required to drive the

compressor.

(4)

(or)

14. The pressure, velocity and temperature of the air (? = 1.4, CP =

1.0 kJ/kgK) at the entry of a nozzle are 2 bar, 145 m/s and 330K.

The pressure at the exit is 1.5 bar.

(a) What is shape of the nozzle.

(4)

(i) Mach number at entry and exit

(ii) Flow rate and maximum possible flow rate.

(4)

(4)

15. A Circular duct passes 8.25 Kg/s of air at an exit mach number of

0.5. The entry pressure and temperature are 3.45 bar and 38C

respectively and the coefficient of friction 0.005. If the Mach

number at the entry is 0.35, determine:

(a) diameter and length of the duct

(b) pressure and temperature at the exit

(c) stagnation pressure loss & percentage stagnation pressure

loss

(d) exit velocity and temperature

(or)

16. In a certain combustion chamber of a jet engine, air enters with a

velocity of 100 m/s, temperature of 60C and a pressure of 3.5

bar. If 460 kJ/kg of heat is added, find:

(a) pressure & temperature after combustion

(b) stagnation temperature and Mach number after combustion.

Assume CP = 1005 J/kgK and ? = 1.4.

17. An aircraft flies at a Mach number of 1.2 at an altitude of 1600m

where static pressure and temperature are 103 m bar and

216.65K. The compression in its engine is partly achieved by a

normal shock wave standing at the entry of its diffuser.

Determine immediately downstream of the shock:

(a) Mach number

(b) temperature of air

(c) pressure of air

(d) stagnation pressure loss across the shock

(4x3 = 12)

(or)

18. A jet of air at 275K and 0.69 bar has an initial mach number of

2.0, when it passes through a normal shock wave. Determine at

the downstream of the shock:

(a) Mach number

(b) pressure

(c) temperature

(d) density

(e) speed of sound

(f) jet velocity .

(6x2 = 12)

19. (a) Draw neat sketches and explain the general working of solid

propellant rocket engine. State any tow advantages &

disadvantages of solid propellant rockets.

(8)

(b) What is thrust augmentation? Why after burners are used in a

turbo jet?

(4)

(or)

20. Explain the working of an pulse jet engine with an neat sketch.

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