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SATHYABAMA UNIVERSITY

(Established under section 3 of UGC Act, 1956)

Course & Branch: B.E - Mechanical


Title of the paper: Gas Dynamics & Jet Propulsion Systems/ Gas
Dynamics & Jet Propulsion
Semester: V
Max. Marks: 80
Sub.Code: 15506 (2002/2003/2004/2005)
Time: 3 Hours
Date: 02-05-2008
Session: AN
PART A
Answer All the Questions

(10 x 2 = 20)

1.

Define stagnation state of a fluid.

2.

Find the highest possible velocity which could result form the
expansion of air at a standard temperature of 15C

3.

What is meant by isentropic flow with variable area?

4.

What is impulse functions and give its uses?

5.

Write few applications of fanno and rayleigh flow.

6.

Differentiate between fanno and rayleigh flow.

7.

Define strength of a shock wave.

8.

How the properties changes across a normal shock?

9.

What is thrust augmentation?

10. Define specific Impulse of an rocket?

PART B
Answer All the Questions

(5 x 12 = 60)

11. (a) Represent Isentropic and adiabatic flow through diffuser and
nozzle on T-S diagram and label different states between the
initial and final states.
(3)
(b) Air (? = 1.67, Cp = 1.05 kJ/kgK) at P1 = 3 x 105N/m2 and T1 =
500 K flows with a velocity of 200 m/s in a 30 cm diameter duct.
Calculate:
(i) Mass flow rate and Stagnation temperature
(2 + 2)
(ii) Mach number
(2)
(iii) Stagnation pressure values assuming the flow as
compressible and incompressible respectively.
(3)
(or)
12. What is the effect of Mach number on the compressibility? Prove
for ? = 1.4, (P? P)/ (0.5? C2) = 1+0.25 M2 +0.025 M4+
13. A nozzle in a wind tunnel gives a test section Mach number of 2.
Air enters the nozzle form a large reservoir a 0.69bar and 310K.
The cross-sectional area of the throat is 1000 cm 2. Determine the
following quantities for the tunnel for one-dimensional isentropic
flow:
(a) Pressures, temperatures and velocities at the throat and the
test section
(6)
(b) Area of cross section of the test section
(2)
(c) Mass flow rate and the Power required to drive the
compressor.
(4)
(or)
14. The pressure, velocity and temperature of the air (? = 1.4, CP =
1.0 kJ/kgK) at the entry of a nozzle are 2 bar, 145 m/s and 330K.
The pressure at the exit is 1.5 bar.
(a) What is shape of the nozzle.
(4)

(b) Determine for isentropic flow:


(i) Mach number at entry and exit
(ii) Flow rate and maximum possible flow rate.

(4)
(4)

15. A Circular duct passes 8.25 Kg/s of air at an exit mach number of
0.5. The entry pressure and temperature are 3.45 bar and 38C
respectively and the coefficient of friction 0.005. If the Mach
number at the entry is 0.35, determine:
(a) diameter and length of the duct
(b) pressure and temperature at the exit
(c) stagnation pressure loss & percentage stagnation pressure
loss
(d) exit velocity and temperature
(or)
16. In a certain combustion chamber of a jet engine, air enters with a
velocity of 100 m/s, temperature of 60C and a pressure of 3.5
bar. If 460 kJ/kg of heat is added, find:
(a) pressure & temperature after combustion
(b) stagnation temperature and Mach number after combustion.
Assume CP = 1005 J/kgK and ? = 1.4.
17. An aircraft flies at a Mach number of 1.2 at an altitude of 1600m
where static pressure and temperature are 103 m bar and
216.65K. The compression in its engine is partly achieved by a
normal shock wave standing at the entry of its diffuser.
Determine immediately downstream of the shock:
(a) Mach number
(b) temperature of air
(c) pressure of air
(d) stagnation pressure loss across the shock
(4x3 = 12)
(or)

18. A jet of air at 275K and 0.69 bar has an initial mach number of
2.0, when it passes through a normal shock wave. Determine at
the downstream of the shock:
(a) Mach number
(b) pressure
(c) temperature
(d) density
(e) speed of sound
(f) jet velocity .
(6x2 = 12)
19. (a) Draw neat sketches and explain the general working of solid
propellant rocket engine. State any tow advantages &
disadvantages of solid propellant rockets.
(8)
(b) What is thrust augmentation? Why after burners are used in a
turbo jet?
(4)
(or)
20. Explain the working of an pulse jet engine with an neat sketch.