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ATPL Radio Aids VIVA Question asked on 17/09/2013 at Delhi

1) which aircraft are you flying? What radio aids you

have in your airplane
2) explain difference between DVOR and VOR
3) How site error is removed in DVOR?
4) explain Doppler principle
5) how NDB works explain with diagram
6) how ADF works? Lots of question on loop aerial
7) explain loop aerial theory with diagram for ADF
what's EGPWS?
9) how EGPWS works and can give u terrain
information which is ahead of u
10) explain all modes of EGPWS
11) mode 1 of EGPWS effective upto what height
12) what is GPS and what information you will receive
in GPS signal
13) why you need more than one satellite to know your
position explain with diagram
14) what is ILS and what are the errors of ILS?
15) what is false glide slope?
These were the question asked to me.....some questions
which were asked to other pilots
1) what is TCAS ?
2) if 4-5 aircraft in collision course how many aircraft
will get RA?
3) how many aircraft TCAS can display
4) you are getting wind shear, RA, and GPWS at same
time how and which will you prioritise and why?
5) NDB errors
6) GPS errors

what is a chart projection?

what projection used in the en route chart ?
what about its scale and where does the scale hold gud
for the chart ?
Questions on Jeppesen
MORA.....Why Mora in magenta colour?
Standard Parallel .. uses of lambert
Variation near mumbai
Zigdex feature
Full detail of RVSM
Absolute ceiling
Some more ATPL Oral Questions for today
1. Jeppesen enroute charts: Why is localizer symbol not given at
Mumbai airfield? How to find out elevation and runway length?
How to locate a particular chart?
2. RVSM: What is it? Instrumentation required for it. Why is
RVSM not used above FL410? What will you do in case of RVSM
equipment failure? Can ATC ask you to maintain RVSM even
when you have a failure?
3. What is FMC?
4. What is a balanced field? Clearway, stopway?
5. Wet runway, how does V1 change?
6. What is MZFW? Does it include unusable fuel? What is
payload? How to calculate payload from AUW?
7. What is RTOW?
1. Practical questions on VOR radial and interception. What is
QDM and QDR? What does NDB give you?
2. Principle of ADF, NDB and errors. What is scalloping? How

would you know if an NDB is suffering from scalloping in flight?

3. AWR principle.
4. What is secondary radar? Examples of secondary radar? Modes
of transponders and their differences?
5. What is difference between GPWS and EGPWS?
6. What is predictive windshear? Can EGPWS give predicative
windshear? What equipment can u use to predict windshear?
7. What is TCAS? TCAS I vs TCAS II? What are TA and RA?
How does TCAS work?

This is not a mock/guess paper. Every topic Question is given in

Oxford and GSP.
1. Wavelength Frequency relationship.
2. AM FM meaning
3. Advantages of sidebands, Reduction in used power.
4. Coastal Error,(Bending across coast),Ways to reduce it.
5. Radar Range Formula
6. Critical Angle(Sky wave),Frequency at night.
7. HF/MF depends on time of day or season
8. In HF, freq - range relation
9. AWR Mapping , Track ,QTE bearing to ground feature
10.RMI /RBI If any Quadrantal effect on them.
11.Erratic readings(INS) means outside range or not in protected
12.VOR/DVOR signal is FM or AM? Rotates clockwise or
13. Control Wheel Steering Autopilot(read in detail)
14.VOR reverse indications.(TO/FROM & Needle)
15.ILS LOC,G/S signals VHF or UHF.
16.ILS If ac in Blue/Yellow Sector what its meaning

17.ILS Markers(Colour & Audio codes)

18.ILS Max Safe deviation
19.ILS LOC, G/S, Markers coverage limits.(In Range,azimuth nd
20.ASDE radar wavelength?
21. Primary Radar range formula
22.PRF,PW,BW ,Range and resolution relation.
23.Doppler Radar,benefit Of CW.Min Range? Max Range?
24.Is SSR primary or secondary radar.
25.2d Nav ,phantom waypoint,Tracking info?
26.Cosecant Squared beam in AWR??Principle , Swept Gain and
27.Colour Codes for AWR screen
28.Position Error in Doppler.
29.DME priniple/frequency.
30.Long /short term stability inputs in RNAV.
31.TCASII RA or TA vertical or horizontal?
32.SSR Identification codes Transponder.
33.TCAS voice commands
34.GPWS/EGPWS inputs
35.GPWS Modes in detail(Alert & Warnings) with altitude and
36.Pitot/Static blockage (sideslip)problems in ASI VSI and
Altimeter.Position Error
37.IVSI principle,sensitivity nd errors
38.Machmeter Principle,Varying TAS,CAS,LSS, Mno with altitude
39.EGT,Thermocouple principle(in parallel or series)
40.Density and True altitude problems based on QFE QNH QNE
41.Gyro - principle Rigidity nd Precission.
42.Topple Drift Apparent Real wander numericals
43.Rate of turn Radius of turn AoB numericals
44.IRS/INS principle(no of acclerometer/gyros)
45.Compass Errors(Accn & Turning),Liquid Swirl, Magnetic Dip.

Please go through every MCQ behind the Oxford Radio Aids nd

Instruments book............................. Good Luck
NAV n Radio both
1.Diff between GPWS n EGPWS. KInd of warning EGPWS gives,
how does it work
2.RNP, what exactly is that, RNP 1 better or RNP 10
3.GRID MORA on jepp chart
4.CANPA-Constant angle non precision approach
5.VOR, DVOR(Doppler VOR), NDB, which one would you prefer
to use and why
7.RVSM contingencies
8.ALL types of projections, if you are at equator which type of
chart would youuse(projection type)
9.What are ILS components
11.What airspaces are there in India?
12.How many satellites are required for RAIM?
13.Diff b/w ILS X & ILS Y
14.Instruments VOR, NDB, DME, INS, IRS, GPS, Working of a
Servo Altimeter,TCAS
15.ILS reference point
16.degrees of freedom is plane of freedom
17.TCAS TA,RA range - Forward Range for TCAS 2 = 40 Nm
18.Speed to be maintained in a DME arc = 230 KIAS
19.TODA and TORA / Clearway and stopway
20.Can you do ILS approach without Glideslope? Ans.-Yes
21.What is the required instrumentation for RVSM?
22.If a pilot is unable to maintain RVSM, what is the RT
23.What is ETOPS, Different extensions available

24.Questions on runway lighting (from jeppesons)

25.Questions on runway marking (Jeppesons)
26.Radio failure procedure in Radar, Non-Radar and during a SID
27.Requirements for ILS Cat IIIb? What DH and RVR requirement
for cat IIIb
28.Is middle marker mandatory for ILS approaches
29.-Marker Locators(NDB co-located with the fan markers)
30.Outer marker colour of visual lighting, frequency, morse code
and distance
31.Wind shear mode in GPWS. What is predictive wind shear
32.If you are navigating using triple INS and if all three fail, how
will you navigate.
33.What is CANPA? How is it useful?
34.Why is 50 feet added to MDA to calculate DDH in a CANPA
35.Why is 50 feet not added to the DH in an ILS approach if the
same if done for aCANPA approach to calculate the DDH? (ILS
more accurate and inline with r/wcenter line)
36.What is FANS?
37.What is RNP? Required equipment for RNP-521.Why is the
instrumentation for RNP-10 more complex than RNP-5?
38.ETOPS: What is the difference between adequate airport and
suitable airport?
39.What is MORA? How is MORA calculated?
40.What is mountainous area?
41.Questions on lighting in TVASI, Pulsating VASI
42.ILS error
43.How do you carry out a CANPA approach if FAF is not
published? How is theFAFcrossing height calculated?
44.How is the height of cloud base calculated using weather radar?
45.Frequency of operation, working of weather radar?
46.In NDB chart for Runway 07 chennai, visibility minima for cat
c and cat d aircraftis published as 3400 and 5000 m respectively. If

prevailing visibility is3400 m, canthe approach be carried out for a

cat b category aircraft?
47.VOR interception angles while going outbound and inbound to
a station
48.Working of GPS35.Questions on WAAS and
LAAS36.Questions on type of FMSaboard the aircraft you fly
49.How do you navigate to the north pole(the answer examiners
are looking for isgridnavigation)
50.In Chennai, what is the direction of the runway slope? (the
whole idea issupposedly to check if you are familiar with the
aerodrome you operate out of)
51.Why is circle to land operations not allowed south of RWY 27
in Mumbai?
52.If the wavelength is 2 cm, what is the frequency?
53.Primary radar v/s secondary radar.
54.Working of weather radar.
55.How is cloud height calculated using weather radar?
56.Frequency band of SHF.
57.What is a BFO?
58.Construction of various Instrument like ASI, IVSI, Mack Meter,
59.Fail Passive and Fail Operational App.
60.Difference between tcas i and tcas ii. What type is on youre
a/c. also what versionof TCAS used TCAS 7.0?
61.What is TAU in terms of TCAS(The estimated time in wich a
intruder aircraft becomes a thread is called TAU.There is a
different TAU value for TA as there is for RA because the RA
range issmaller)TauTCAS primarily uses time-to-go to CPA rather
than distance to determine when aTA or an RA should be issued.
The time to CPA is called the range tau and the timeto co-altitude
is called the vertical tau. Tau is an approximation of the time,
inseconds, to CPA or to the aircraft being at the same altitude. CPA
(Closest Point of Approach)
62.What is TAWS, FANS?

63.They ask me on B777 where is the EGT sensor located. As in

have u ever physically seen it ???? of course they were Airbus
guys asking wrong question!!!
64.How does GPS give positions information?
65.Difference between Predicted Wind shear (PWS) and Reactive
Wind shear whichone is given by weather radar and which one by
66. What is the difference between RNAV 1 and RNP1?
67 In en-route charts, why some airports doesnt have localiser
symbol, even though airport has ILS facility.Ans: 2 . The localiser
symbol is only printed for facilities which are used for enroute
68 Who issued the MOCA which is depicted on enroute chart
( jeppesen or state authority, ? how can we find out this? )Ans: The
MOCA is issued by the state authority.
Also question about Minimum Navigation performance
1. ILS full description
2. Vor
3. n fm
4. Asked to calculate frequency n range
5. Gyros...its properties...types of gyro
6. Asi principle n workin
7. Types of speed...cas ras eas tas
8. Wats tas n how to calculate groundspeed
9. Gps and dgps
10. Wats geostationary orbit
11. Wats gagan
12. Accelerometers

1- Difference between RNAV and RNP, what are Q routes

2-Long Range Navigation Systems in B787
3-Surface, Sky and Ground Waves
4-Layers of Ionosphere and why do they shift diurnally
5-Duct Propagation
6-ILS sensitive and critical area
7-Changes in TCAS voice callouts
>("Adjust vertical Speed" changed to "Level Off")
8-Working of IRS

* NDB and VOR , polar diagram , GPS and DGPS , RNAV , ANP
, PBN , RNP . Radio waves , and why particular frequency is use
for particular nav aid