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M 0582
B.E./B.Tech. DEGREE OI(AMINAfiON, NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2O1t

TTURTH SEMESTER

CIWL ENGINEERING
CE1251 SOIID MECHAMCS

(REGIJI,ATION
Time : Tbree

2OO8)

houre

Maximua : l0O rnarks


Anrwer ALL questions.

PARTA-(r0x2=20BsrLs)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
?.
8.
. 9.
10,

Defiae liquid

lioit.

What is void ratio?

List out various iorss of soil water.


Statc the Dame of the Bethods offitdiDg field-permeability,
De6ne'Isobsr'.
Dehne coruolidstioD-

Meution any four laboratory tests to frad th sbear treDgth of 8oil.


Defrne oensitivity of soile.

What is the meart by sudden or rapid draw down?

Write the expreesion for foctdr of safety against elid.ing.

PARTB-(5x

11. E plain tle

(a)
(b)

16= 80 Earke)

followilg.

Textura.l

daseifcation

(8)

Indiaa etandard soil claesiEcation

syrtem

Ot

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(S)

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(a)

O)
13.

A moiet soil eaBple cobpactd ir a mould of l0o0cmscapacity


ond weight
3.5O kg and weight S.B5 kg s,ith the mould. A reprsentative
sample of
soil take! from it has an itritial weight of 18.70 gl! ard oven dry
wight
of 16.91 gE. Determftie (i) watar coatnt (ii) wet density
Gn) dry densrty
(iv) void ratio aDd (v) Degrce of saturation of the sample.
(10)

If the soil

sample is so compreseed a6
be the new volume and new dly

to have all air expelled, whrt will

den6ity?

Elplain the flow net fot

(6)

a two-dirnensional flow

(16)

Or

14.

(a)

Erplain the procedure iavolved in vari,able head perneability tst with a

tteat

sketch.

(E)

o) A sample in a variable

head permearneter ie g cm in diaEreter arrd 10 cm


high. The permeabitity of the sEDple is estimatad to be 10 x
cm/eec.
If it is desired that the head in the staidpip should fall froE 24 cm to
12 cm in 3 minuteg, determine the size of the atardpipe, which
should be
(8)

lf

used.
15.

(a)

Explain tne folowing.

(i)
(ii)
(b)

plane
aloDg a vertical plane.

Vertical stress dist.ibution on a horizontal


Vertical st

ess

distribution

(4)

$)

A load of 1000 kN acts as a point load at the surface of a soil

Eaas.
E6timate the Btreee at a point g E below atrd 4 E away ftoE the poidt
of
action of the load by Fouseine*q'e formula. Compare the value with th.
result from westergaard'8 theory.
(8)

Or

16. (a)

Expl,aitr the asaumptiols made


consolidation-

in Terzaghis theory of one dimensional


(4)

o) Iu a consolidation

iest the followilg results were obtailed. WheL the load


was changed from 50 kN/!d, to 1OO kN/D2, the void ratio charged
from
0.70 to 0,65, Determille the co-efficient of volume rleoease, and the

compression

17.

(a)
(b)

indel

eZ\

R-flain the Tri-a-ial compression test $ith

sLetch.
Wlat ale the disadvarteges of direct ehear tt?
a Deat

Or

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(g)
(8)

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18. (a)

(b)

Explai! the laboratlry vane sheu test with

eLetsh.

(8)

A cylindrical speciEen of a eatrEatd soil faile under an axial strese of


150 kN/u, in an unconfined comp.ession test. The failure plane nakee
au aaglo of 52o with the horizort{L Calculate the cohesion and angle of
intltrAl friction of oil.

f9.

(8)

Explain the stability of slope analysir usiag Swedish method of slices for a
(16)
coheeive-frictional goil with a neat sLetah.

Or

20.

A caDrl is to b elc.vatpd through a soil with C = l5kN D'?, C = 20", e=0,9


ald G = 2.6?. lte side slope is I in 1. lbe depth of t,Le canal is 6 Betles.
Deiermine the factor of safety with respst to coheeion when the. calal ruDs
tull. What will be tbe faqtor of 6afety if the canal ie rapidly emptied? (16)

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