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Cross Section Detail of Retaining Wall

at the R.H.S. of centre line - To Haridwar


C.G.
Postion of
section

500

2500

7200

600

1000

1000

1066.7

3824.2

1000

500.0

2423.3

6953.3

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

1018.8

3649.3

2000

500.0

2346.7

6706.7

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

971.1

3474.1

3000

500

2270

6460

600

1000

1000

923.8

3298.6

4000

500.0

2193.3

6213.3

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

876.8

3122.9

5000

500.0

2116.7

5966.7

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

830.3

2947.1

6000

500

2040

5720

600

1000

1000

784.1

2771.2

7000

500.0

1963.3

5476.7

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

738.3

2597.0

8000

500.0

1886.7

5233.3

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

693.1

2423.0

9000

500

1810

4990

600

1000

1000

648.5

2249.4

10000

500.0

1733.3

4743.3

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

604.7

2074.6

11000

500.0

1656.7

4496.7

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

561.6

1900.9

Section 5-5

12000

500

1580

4250

600

1000

1000

519.4

1728.8

Section 6-6

13000

500

1500

4000

600

1000

1000

476.2

1554.8

Section 1-1

Section 2-2

Section 3-3

Section 4-4

at the L.H.S. of centre line - To Lakshar


C.G.

Section 1-1

Section 2-2

Section 3-3

Section 4-4

Section 5-5

Section 6-6
Section 7-7

Postion of
section

500

2500

7200

600

1000

1000

1066.7

3824.2

1000

500.0

2443.3

6966.7

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

1032.0

3665.9

2000

500.0

2386.7

6733.3

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

997.5

3507.9

3000

500

2330

6500

600

1000

1000

963.3

3350.1

4000

500.0

2270.0

6263.3

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

927.2

3189.2

5000

500.0

2210.0

6026.7

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

891.5

3028.7

6000

500

2150

5790

600

1000

1000

856.1

2868.7

7000

500.0

2090.0

5553.3

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

821.1

2709.2

8000

500.0

2030.0

5316.7

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

786.6

2550.5

9000

500

1970

5080

600

1000

1000

752.6

2392.7

10000

500.0

1913.3

4846.7

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

721.3

2239.6

11000

500.0

1856.7

4613.3

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

690.6

2087.9

12000

500

1800

4380

600

1000

1000

660.6

1938.0

13000

500.0

1740.0

4146.7

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

629.2

1788.1

14000

500.0

1680.0

3913.3

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

598.6

1640.7

15000

500

1620

3680

600

1000

1000

569.0

1496.3

16000

500.0

1560.0

3440.0

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

540.8

1352.7

17000

500

1500

3200

600

1000

1000

513.9

1213.9

Note :- All dimensions are in mm

e
d
f
b

e
f
b

Calculation of Coefficients of Earth Pressure


Soil Data
Angle of Internal Friction of Soil
Angle of Wall w.r.t. Vertical

or i

dry

sub

For the verification of stability of RW

Slope of Earthfill
Angle of Friction between the Wall and Earthfill

214.1.2.5

IRC 6 -

Horizontal Seismic Coefficient

Ah

Vertical Seismic Coefficient

Av

Horizontal Seismic Factor

max

Vertical Seismic Factor

min

Unit Weight of Dry Soil

dry

Unit Weight of Submerged Soil

sub

Saturated Weight of Soil

sat

Calculation of earth pressure coefficients in normal and seismic condition

1 Av cos 2
Ca
x
cos cos 2 cos

1
sin sin i
1

cos i sin

1/ 2

IRC 6 -

1 Av cos 2
Cp
x
cos cos 2 cos

Cl 214.1.1.1

1/ 2

1 Av cos 2
Cp
x
cos cos 2 cos

1
sin sin i
1 cos i sin

Cl 214.1.1.2

1/ 2

IRC 6 -

Horz. Comp.
Ka

Static Active Earth Pressure Coefficient

Kp

Static Passive Earth Pressure Coefficient

(Dry)

0.297

0.279

(Subm.)

0.308

0.304

(Dry)

6.105

5.737

(Subm.)

4.143

4.080

Point of Application of Earth Pressure


For active earth pressure
Case

Dry

Static condition
Triangular pressure

f.a.d.1

0.42

Uniform pressure

f.a.d.2

0.50

For passive earth pressure


Case

Dry

Static condition
Triangular pressure

f.p.d.1

0.33

Uniform pressure

f.p.d.2

0.50

in degree

in radians

30

0.524

0.000
0.000

20

0.349

10

0.175

2014

- Amendment

0.00

0.000

0.00

0.000

20.00

kN/m3

10.00

kN/m3

20.00

kN/m3

&

Cl 214.1.2.1

2014

- Amendment

&

Cl 214.1.2.2

2014

- Amendment

Vertical comp.
0.102
0.054
2.088
0.719

Submerged
f.a.s.1

0.33

f.a.s.2

0.50

Submerged
f.p.s.1

0.33

f.p.s.2

0.50

at the R.H.S. of centre line - To Haridwar

(Active Earth Pressure)

Active Earth Pressure at Section 1-1

Ka (Dry)

Horz. Comp

Vert. Comp

500.0

2500.0

7200.0

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

0.279

0.102

Height of Dry Earthfill

Hdry

Height of Submerged Earthfill

Hsub

in KN/m2
p1hmax =

Kah(sub) Ydry Hdry

43.744

p1vmax

Kav(sub) Ydry Hdry

p2hmax =

Kah(sub) Ysub Hsub

21.872

p2vmax =

Kav(sub) Ysub Hsub

Active Earth Pressure at Section 2-2

Ka (Dry)

Horz. Comp

Vert. Comp

500.0

2270.0

6460.0

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

0.279

0.102

Height of Dry Earthfill

Hdry

Height of Submerged Earthfill

Hsub

in KN/m2
p1hmax =

Kah(sub) Ydry Hdry

39.248

p1vmax

Kav(sub) Ydry Hdry

p2hmax =

Kah(sub) Ysub Hsub

19.624

p2vmax =

Kav(sub) Ysub Hsub

Ka (Submergerd)
Horz. Comp

Vert. Comp

0.304

0.054

7.200

7.200

m
in KN/m2

Kav(sub) Ydry Hdry

7.713

Kav(sub) Ysub Hsub

3.857

Ka (Submergerd)
Horz. Comp

Vert. Comp

0.304

0.054

6.460

6.460

m
in KN/m2

Kav(sub) Ydry Hdry

6.921

Kav(sub) Ysub Hsub

3.460

at the R.H.S. of centre line - To Haridwar

(Passive Earth Pressure)

Passive Earth Pressure at Section 1-1

Kp (Dry)

Horz. Comp

Vert. Comp

500.0

2500.0

7200.0

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

5.737

2.088

Height of Dry Earthfill

(ht of RW embedded in soil )

Height of Submerged Earthfill

Hdry

Hsub

in KN/m2
p1hmax =

Kph(sub) Ydry Hdry

135.468

p2hmax =

Kph(sub) Ysub Hsub

67.734

p1vmax

Kpv(sub) Ydry Hdry

p2vmax =

Kpv(sub) Ysub Hsub

Passive Earth Pressure at Section 2-2

Kp (Dry)

Horz. Comp

Vert. Comp

500.0

2270.0

6460.0

600.0

1000.0

1000.0

5.737

2.088

Height of Dry Earthfill

(ht of RW embedded in soil )

Height of Submerged Earthfill

Hdry

Hsub

in KN/m2
p1hmax =

Kph(sub) Ydry Hdry

135.468

p2hmax =

Kph(sub) Ysub Hsub

67.734

p1vmax

Kpv(sub) Ydry Hdry

p2vmax =

Kpv(sub) Ysub Hsub

Kp (Submergerd)
Horz. Comp

Vert. Comp

4.080

0.719

1.660

1.660

m
in KN/m2

Kpv(sub) Ydry Hdry

23.887

Kpv(sub) Ysub Hsub

11.943

Kp (Submergerd)
Horz. Comp

Vert. Comp

4.080

0.719

1.660

1.660

m
in KN/m2

Kpv(sub) Ydry Hdry

23.887

Kpv(sub) Ysub Hsub

11.943

at the R.H.S. of centre line - To Haridwar


Earth Pressure at Portion between Section 1-1 & 2-2
p1hmax =

43.744

in KN/m2

p2hmax =

21.872

in KN/m2

(Active Earth Pressure)


p1vmax

(for Analysis Purpose)

p2vmax =

Height of Dry Earthfill

Hdry

Height of Submerged Earthfill


Width of this portion

Hsub

=
=

F1x =

1.0 p1hmax Hsub W =

F2x =

0.5 p2hmax Hsub W =

896.32 kN
224.08 kN

F1y =

1.0 p1vmax Hsub W =

F2y =

0.5 p2vmax Hsub W =

(about Toe Edge)


e1y =

0.50 Hsub

3.415

e2y =

0.42 Hsub

2.869

M1x =

e1y F1x

-3060.93

kNm

M2x =

e2y F2x

-642.80

kNm

Earth Pressure at Portion between Section 1-1 & 2-2


p1hmax =

135.468

in KN/m2

p2hmax =

67.734

in KN/m2

Horizontal Lever arm


Total Vertical
Force, kN

(about Centre of
RW), m

(about Toe
Edge), m

1.193

2.385

237.07

(Passive Earth Pressure)


p1vmax

(for Analysis Purpose)

p2vmax =

Height of Dry Earthfill

Hdry

Height of Submerged Earthfill


Width of this portion

Hsub

=
=

F1x =

1.0 p1hmax Hsub W =

F2x =

0.5 p2hmax Hsub W =

674.63 kN
168.66 kN

F1y =

1.0 p1vmax Hsub W =

F2y =

0.5 p2vmax Hsub W =

(about Toe Edge)


e1y =

0.50 Hsub

0.830

Horizontal Lever arm

e2y =

0.33 Hsub

0.548

M1x =

e1y F1x

559.94

kNm

M2x =

e2y F2x

92.39

kNm

Total Vertical
Force, kN

(about Centre of
RW), m

(about Toe
Edge), m

178.43

-1.002

0.190

Self Weight of Earth Retained over Sloped Portion


Section at centre of 1-1 & 2-2

500.0

2385.0

6830.0

600.0

1000.0

(Moment at the
centre of RW),
kNm

Position of Load
from Toe Edge

Area Factor

Area, mm2

Unit Weight,
kN/m3

0.50

0.200

24.00

14.400

0.859

12.372

2.052

1.00

5.830

24.00

419.760

0.693

290.684

1.885

0.50

Friction coefficient between soil and concrete

Verical Load, Position of Load


kN
from C.G.

Self Weight of Portion between Section 1-1 & 2-2


Section at centre of 1-1 & 2-2

500.0

2385.0

6830.0

600.0

1000.0

Unit Weight,
kN/m3

Verical Load,
kN

Position of Load
from C.G.

(Moment at the
centre of RW),
kNm

Area Factor

Widh, mm

Height, mm

Area, mm2

1.00

500

6830

3415000

24.00

245.880

-0.057

-14.138

0.50

885

6830

3022275

24.00

217.604

-0.603

-131.106

1.00

1000

600

600000

24.00

43.200

0.50

1000

400

200000

24.00

14.400

0.734

42.288

Summary of Loads
Static Condition
Case

Overturning
Moment, kNm

H, kN

V, kN

Mx (about
centre), kNm

Mx (about Toe),
kNm

1120.40

-3703.73

3703.73

237.07

282.70

565.41

-843.29

652.33

178.43

178.86

33.93

Load due to Backfill Soil

434.16

303.06

820.79

Load due to Self weight of Wall

521.08

-102.96

790.90

277.11

1370.74

661.66

Earth Pressure due to Backfill


Horizontal Component
Vertical Component
Passive Earth Pressure
Horizontal Component
Vertical Component

Total

3703.73

Check for Overturning


Available FOS

0.7731

<

2.00

Unsafe

Available FOS

2.4733

>

1.50

Safe

Check for Sliding

Calculation of Base Pressure


Total Vertical
Load, kN

Contact Area, m2

Total Moment, kNm

Sectional Modulus, m3

Base Pressure,
kN/m2

1370.745

1.500

661.659

1.417

1380.883

7.713

in KN/m2

3.857

in KN/m2

6.830

6.830
3.000

m
m

1.0 p1vmax Hsub W =

158.05

kN

0.5 p2vmax Hsub W =

79.02

kN

Longitudinal Moment
(about Centre of
RW), m

(about Toe
Edge), m

282.70

565.41

23.887

in KN/m2

11.943

in KN/m2

1.660

1.660
3.000

m
m

1.0 p1vmax Hsub W =

118.96

kN

0.5 p2vmax Hsub W =

59.48

kN

Longitudinal Moment
(about Centre of
RW), m

(about Toe
Edge), m

178.86

33.93

Length

1000.0

3000.0

Longitudinal
Moment about
Toe, kNm
29.544
791.248

Length

1000.0

3000.0

Longitudinal
Position of C.G.
Moment about
from Toe Edge
Toe, kNm
1.135

526.054

0.590

153.874

1.927

110.976

Restoring
Moment, kNm

Horz.
Restoring
force, kN

565.41

118.53

652.33

33.93

89.22

820.79

217.08

790.90

260.54

2863.36

685.37

Safe Bearing
Capacity, kN/m2
210.000

Unsafe