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Stress is defined as the strength of a material per unit area or unit strength. It is the force on a

member divided by area, which carries the force, formerly express in psi, now in N/mm2 or MPa.

where P is the applied normal load in Newton and A is the area in mm2. The maximum stress in

tension or compression occurs over a section normal to the load.

Normal stress is either tensile stress or compressive stress. Members subject to pure tension (or

tensile force) is under tensile stress, while compression members (members subject to

compressive force) are under compressive stress.

Compressive force will tend to shorten the member. Tension force on the other hand will tend to

lengthen the member.

Problem 104

A hollow steel tube with an inside diameter of 100 mm must carry a tensile load of 400 kN.

Determine the outside diameter of the tube if the stress is limited to 120 MN/m2.

Solution 104

where:

thus,

answer

Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Singer

Problem 105 page 12

Given:

Weight of bar = 800 kg

Maximum allowable stress for bronze = 90 MPa

Maximum allowable stress for steel = 120 MPa

Required: Smallest area of bronze and steel cables

Solution 105

By symmetry:

answer

For steel cable:

answer

Shear Stress

Forces parallel to the area resisting the force cause shearing stress. It differs to tensile and

compressive stresses, which are caused by forces perpendicular to the area on which they act.

Shearing stress is also known as tangential stress.

where is the resultant shearing force which passes through the centroid of the area

sheared.

being

Given:

Required diameter of hole = 20 mm

Thickness of plate = 25 mm

Shear strength of plate = 350 MN/m2

Required: Force required to punch a 20-mm-diameter hole

Solution 115

The resisting area is the shaded area along the perimeter and the shear force

punching force .

answer

is equal to the

Given:

Shear strength of plate = 40 ksi

Allowable compressive stress of punch = 50 ksi

The figure below:

Required:

a. Maximum thickness of plate to punch a 2.5 inches diameter hole

b. Diameter of smallest hole if the plate is 0.25 inch thick

Solution 116

a. Maximum thickness of plate:

Equivalent shear force of the plate

Based on shear strength of plate:

answer

b. Diameter of smallest hole:

Equivalent shear force for plate

Based on shearing of plate:

answer

Problem 117 page 17

Given:

Force P = 400 kN

Shear strength of the bolt = 300 MPa

The figure below:

Solution 117

The bolt is subject to double shear.

answer

Strength of Materials 4th Edition by Pytel and Singer

Problem 118 page 17

Given:

Diameter of pulley = 200 mm

Diameter of shaft = 60 mm

Length of key = 70 mm

Applied torque to the shaft = 2.5 kNm

Allowable shearing stress in the key = 60 MPa

Required: Width b of the key

Solution 118

Where:

answer

Bearing Stress

Bearing stress is the contact pressure between the separate bodies. It differs from compressive

stress, as it is an internal stress caused by compressive forces.

Problem 125

In Fig. 1-12, assume that a 20-mm-diameter rivet joins the plates that are each 110 mm wide. The

allowable stresses are 120 MPa for bearing in the plate material and 60 MPa for shearing of rivet.

Determine (a) the minimum thickness of each plate; and (b) the largest average tensile stress in

the plates.

Solution 125

Part (a):

From shearing of rivet:

answer

answer

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