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Temperature

F
155.7
175
200
225
250
285.2

C
68.7
79.4
93.3
107.2
121.1
125.7

Vapor pressure, kPa


n-hexane n-octane
101
16
137
23
197
37
284
58
400
87
456
101

P
101

xH
1
0.684211
0.625
0.615044
0.629393
0.842254
0

x-y diagram for n-hexane-n-octane


1.2
1
0.8
xH

0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.2

yH
1
0.928088
0.898723
0.886663
0.886469
0.960169
0

T-x-y diagram for n-hexane-n-octane

-octane

300
250
200

xH

xH

yH

150
100
50
1.2
0
0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.2

tane

xH
yH

1.2

run

zone
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
10
10
10
10
11

wafer
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1

thickness LSL
1
546
1
566
1
577
1
543
1
561
1
577
1
563
1
556
1
515
1
548
1
505
1
506
1
568
1
570
1
589
1
569
1
550
1
562
1
560
1
545
1
584
1
567
1
556
1
591
1
593
1
584
1
634
1
569
1
522
1
535
1
527
1
532
1
562
1
548
1
533
1
533
1
555
1
584
1
546
1
586
1
565

USL
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460

DATA
Target
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560
660
560

11
11
11
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
14
14
14
14
15
15
15
15
16
16
16
16
17
17
17
17
18
18
18
18
19
19
19
19
20
20
20
20
21
21
21
21

2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

583
582
549
548
563
543
585
580
556
609
570
564
585
564
563
550
538
556
534
552
563
571
575
549
584
567
606
539
533
522
547
610
587
572
566
569
558
577
552
595
599
598
580

460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460

660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660

560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560

standard deviation
upper confidence level
lower confidence level

700
675
650
625
600
575
550
525
500
475
450
425
400

25.38468
28.38468
22.38468

USL
LSL
Target value

run

zone
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
6
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
9
10
10
10
10
11

wafer
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1

thickness LSL
1
540
1
564
1
546
1
529
1
556
1
553
1
577
1
540
1
520
1
542
1
487
1
514
1
584
1
545
1
562
1
571
1
550
1
580
1
554
1
546
1
581
1
558
1
560
1
599
1
626
1
559
1
598
1
592
1
535
1
581
1
520
1
539
1
568
1
548
1
553
1
521
1
545
1
572
1
552
1
584
1
557

USL
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460

Target
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660

560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560

11
11
11
12
12
12
12
13
13
13
13
14
14
14
14
15
15
15
15
16
16
16
16
17
17
17
17
18
18
18
18
19
19
19
19
20
20
20
20
21
21
21
21

2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

585
567
533
528
588
540
586
570
569
625
595
555
588
583
558
557
525
547
542
547
578
572
584
546
593
548
607
554
535
521
550
592
587
612
563
609
555
579
558
583
602
616
575

460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460
460

660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660
660

560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560
560

arget value

660
460
560

Thickness
USL
LSL
Target value

A.

4 mol H2S04
L OF SOLUTION

0.098 KG H2SO4
MOL H2SO4

L SOLUTION
1.213 KG SOLUTION

V1
100 kg
0.2 kg H2SO4/KG
0.8 KG H20/KG
SG= 1.139

V2
X
0.6 kg h2so4/kg
0.4 kg h20/ kg
SG= 1.498

OMB:
Water balance:

100
0.8*100

M2
.04M2

100
1
80 0.676834
X=
Y=
A:
B:
A/B:

M3
0.677M3

100=M2+M3
0.8*100=0.04M2+0.66

-1
-0.4
144.5 KG
44.5 KG

87.79631 L20%SOLUTION
29.3725 L60%SOLUTION
2.989065 L20%SOLUTION
L60%SOLUTION

0.323 KG H2S04/ KG SOLUTION

v3
Y
0.323 kg H2SO4/KG
0.677 KG H20/KG
SG= 1.213

100=M2+M3
0.8*100=0.04M2+0.667M3

Tank A

Tank B

xA

(kmol/hr)

0
1

H2 / kmol
N2 / kmol

yB

(kmol/hr)

H2 / kmol
N2 / kmol

A.
OMB
yA + yB = 4.39
H2 Bal. 0.1yA + 0.5yB = 0.2yP
Matrix

Inverse

yA
1
0

yB
1.00
0.50

1
0

-2.50
2.50

yP
4.39
0.88

B.
OMB
H2 Bal.

yP = (xP/22.8)
yA + yB = (xP/22.8)
xAnA + xBnB = (xPmP/22.8)

yB = (xP/22.8) - nA
xAnA =(xPmP/22.8) - xB((mP/22.8)-nA)
xAnA = (xPmP/22.8) - (xBmP/22.8) + xBnA

Answers
nA
nB

3.29
1.10

(xA-xB)nA = ((xP - xB)mP/22.8)


nA = ((xP-xB)mP/22.8) / (xA-xB)
nA = ((xP-xB)mP/22.8(xA-xB))
nA = (mP/22.8) - nB
xBnB =(xPmP/22.8) - xA((mP/22.8)-nB)
xBnB = (xPmP/22.8) - (xAmP/22.8) + xAnB
(xB-xA)nB = ((xP - xA)mP/22.8)
nB = ((xP-xA)mP/22.8) / (xB-xA)
nB = ((xP-xA)mP/22.8(xB-xA))

xP

100.00

yB

4.39
0.20
0.80

MWp

22.80

C and D.

kmol/hr
kmol/hr

Trial
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

xA
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10

xB
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50

xP
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
0.50
0.60

mP
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
250.00
250.00
250.00
250.00
250.00
250.00

The results in trial and 6 and 12 are impossible because the flow rates would be

nA
4.39
3.29
2.19
1.10
0.00
-1.10
10.96
8.22
5.48
2.74
0.00
-2.74

nB
0.00
1.10
2.19
3.29
4.39
5.48
0.00
2.74
5.48
8.22
10.96
13.71

the flow rates would be negative.