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DESIGN OF ELASTOMERIC BEARING PAD


A. Diagram :
FOR TYPE III GIRDER
Note : All calculations are based on AASHTO Section 14.
W

restraining plate
elastomer rubber

B. Bearing Pad Dimension :


Length of bearing pad parallel to the
longitudinal axis of the bridge (assumed)

550.00 mm

Length of bearing pad perpendicular to the


longitudinal axis of the bridge (assumed)

300.00 mm

Thickness of elastomer rubber layer

hr1

14.00 mm

hr2

14.00 mm

Quantity of restraining plate


Thickness of restraining plate

Ns
ts

=
=

3 pcs
2.00 mm

Thickness of cover

tc

3.00 mm

Total thickness of elastomer rubber

hrT

hrT

tEP

tEP

Total thickness of elastomer bearing pad

hr1+hr2+(2*tc)
34.00 mm
hrT+(Ns*ts)
40.00 mm

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C. Design Data :
Dead Load Reaction
Load carried by each pad
AASHTO Girder Type III =
Slab =
Dead Load =
Superimposed Dead Load =

RDL
kN
kN
kN
kN

356.54 kN

RLL
RLL

=
=

273.54 kN
355.60 kN

Total Vertical Reaction (design)

RT
RT

=
=

RDL+RLL
712.15 kN

Total Longitudinal Shear

VT
VT

=
=

0.10*RT
71.21 kN

Average Shear Modulus at 73 F with Durometer 60

1.18 Mpa

Constant Dependent on Elastomer Hardness

0.60

Creep Deflection at 25 years

Cr

Modifying factor having a value of 1.0 for steel


reinforced pads, covered layers

S
S

=
=

150.00 %

a)

c,TL

=
=

12.066/%
8.04 Mpa

b)

c,TL

=
=

2*G*S/(*%)
10.91 Mpa

c)

c,LL

=
=

1*G*S/(*%)
4.60 Mpa

c,TL
c,TL

=
=

RT/(W*L)
4.32 Mpa

c,LL
c,LL

=
=

RLL/(W*L)
1.66 Mpa

128.567
83.808
21.949
122.220

Live Load Reaction (consider impact load)


Load carried by each pad (Maximum)
Plus Impact

D. Constants :
From AASHTO Table 14.3.1:
o

35.00 %

1.00

E. Check for Compressive Stress :


Shape factor of one layer of bearing

(L*W)/(2*hr1*(L+W))
6.93

For Service Load Design


(Group 1-A Table 3.22.1A AASHTO)

Allowable Compressive Stress

Actual Compressive Stress

Actual Compressive Stress < Allowable Compressive Stress SAFE !!!

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F. Check for Stability :


c,TL

G
<
1.92*(hrT/L)
S*(1+(2*L/W))

4.32 Mpa

>

2.67

0.50

-54.53 Mpa

S*(S+2)*(1+(L/4*W)
STABLE (sc,TL<0; AASHTO 14.6.5.3.6)

G. Check for Shear :


Shear deformation in elastomer layer

VT*hrT/(W*L*G)

11.00 mm

Comparing with thickness,


hrT = 34.0 mm

2*Ds = 22.0 mm SAFE !!!

>

H. Compressive Deflection :
Formula for instantaneous deflection,
c = ci*hri
i

where :
ci = instantaneous compressive strain in elastomer layer number I (change in
thickness divided by the unstressed thickness).
hri = thickness of elastomer layer number I.
Computed Compressive Stress, c,TL

4.32 Mpa

Shape Factor, S

6.93

Compressive Strain, ci

3.50 %

hri = hr1 = hr2

14.00 mm

From AASHTO fig. 14.4.1.2B,

Therefore,

c =

0.98 mm

Add 35% due to creep deflection at 25 years,


c = c*(100%+35%)
c =
1.32 mm

or

625.97 psi

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I.

Rotational Deformation :

Limiting Factors :
For length parallel to longitudinal axis

For length perpendicular to longitudinal axis

Relative rotation of top and bottom bearing

c,TL

1.66*G*S/
1+(L*L/4*c )

4.32

9.05 Mpa
SAFE !

c,TL

4.32

hmin

hmin
hmin

=
<

hmin

hmin
hmin

=
<

surfaces parallel to the bridge longitudinal axis

Relative rotation of top and bottom bearing


surfaces perpendicular to the bridge longitudinal axis

J.

2*c/L

0.00481 mm
2*c/W
0.00653 mm

1.66*G*S/
1+(W* W /4*c )
9.91 Mpa
SAFE !

Check for Thickness of Reinforcement :

Minimum thickness to be used :


For total load :

For live load :

fy =

fsr =

414.00 Mpa

165.48 Mpa

(AASHTO Table 10.3.1A - Nonredundant Load Path


Structures over 2,000,000 cycles)

1.50*(hr1+hr2)*c,TL/fy
0.44 mm
ts SAFE !
1.50*(hr1+hr2)*c,LL/fsr
0.42 mm
ts SAFE !

Thus, for elastomeric bearing pad, use 550 mm x 300 mm x 40 mm with restraining
plate thickness of ts = 2 mm and elastomeric pad Duro 60 ASTM D2240 layer with
thickness hr 1 = 14 mm.