You are on page 1of 4

# 1 | Page

## DESIGN OF ELASTOMERIC BEARING PAD

A. Diagram :
FOR TYPE III GIRDER
Note : All calculations are based on AASHTO Section 14.
W

restraining plate
elastomer rubber

## B. Bearing Pad Dimension :

Length of bearing pad parallel to the
longitudinal axis of the bridge (assumed)

550.00 mm

## Length of bearing pad perpendicular to the

longitudinal axis of the bridge (assumed)

300.00 mm

hr1

14.00 mm

hr2

14.00 mm

## Quantity of restraining plate

Thickness of restraining plate

Ns
ts

=
=

3 pcs
2.00 mm

Thickness of cover

tc

3.00 mm

hrT

hrT

tEP

tEP

## Total thickness of elastomer bearing pad

hr1+hr2+(2*tc)
34.00 mm
hrT+(Ns*ts)
40.00 mm

2 | Page

C. Design Data :
AASHTO Girder Type III =
Slab =

RDL
kN
kN
kN
kN

356.54 kN

RLL
RLL

=
=

273.54 kN
355.60 kN

RT
RT

=
=

RDL+RLL
712.15 kN

VT
VT

=
=

0.10*RT
71.21 kN

1.18 Mpa

0.60

Cr

## Modifying factor having a value of 1.0 for steel

reinforced pads, covered layers

S
S

=
=

150.00 %

a)

c,TL

=
=

12.066/%
8.04 Mpa

b)

c,TL

=
=

2*G*S/(*%)
10.91 Mpa

c)

c,LL

=
=

1*G*S/(*%)
4.60 Mpa

c,TL
c,TL

=
=

RT/(W*L)
4.32 Mpa

c,LL
c,LL

=
=

RLL/(W*L)
1.66 Mpa

128.567
83.808
21.949
122.220

## Live Load Reaction (consider impact load)

Plus Impact

D. Constants :
From AASHTO Table 14.3.1:
o

35.00 %

1.00

## E. Check for Compressive Stress :

Shape factor of one layer of bearing

(L*W)/(2*hr1*(L+W))
6.93

## For Service Load Design

(Group 1-A Table 3.22.1A AASHTO)

3 | Page

## F. Check for Stability :

c,TL

G
<
1.92*(hrT/L)
S*(1+(2*L/W))

4.32 Mpa

>

2.67

0.50

-54.53 Mpa

S*(S+2)*(1+(L/4*W)
STABLE (sc,TL<0; AASHTO 14.6.5.3.6)

## G. Check for Shear :

Shear deformation in elastomer layer

VT*hrT/(W*L*G)

11.00 mm

hrT = 34.0 mm

## 2*Ds = 22.0 mm SAFE !!!

>

H. Compressive Deflection :
Formula for instantaneous deflection,
c = ci*hri
i

where :
ci = instantaneous compressive strain in elastomer layer number I (change in
thickness divided by the unstressed thickness).
hri = thickness of elastomer layer number I.
Computed Compressive Stress, c,TL

4.32 Mpa

Shape Factor, S

6.93

Compressive Strain, ci

3.50 %

14.00 mm

Therefore,

c =

0.98 mm

## Add 35% due to creep deflection at 25 years,

c = c*(100%+35%)
c =
1.32 mm

or

625.97 psi

4 | Page

I.

Rotational Deformation :

Limiting Factors :
For length parallel to longitudinal axis

c,TL

1.66*G*S/
1+(L*L/4*c )

4.32

9.05 Mpa
SAFE !

c,TL

4.32

hmin

hmin
hmin

=
<

hmin

hmin
hmin

=
<

## Relative rotation of top and bottom bearing

surfaces perpendicular to the bridge longitudinal axis

J.

2*c/L

0.00481 mm
2*c/W
0.00653 mm

1.66*G*S/
1+(W* W /4*c )
9.91 Mpa
SAFE !

For total load :

fy =

fsr =

414.00 Mpa

165.48 Mpa

## (AASHTO Table 10.3.1A - Nonredundant Load Path

Structures over 2,000,000 cycles)

1.50*(hr1+hr2)*c,TL/fy
0.44 mm
ts SAFE !
1.50*(hr1+hr2)*c,LL/fsr
0.42 mm
ts SAFE !

Thus, for elastomeric bearing pad, use 550 mm x 300 mm x 40 mm with restraining
plate thickness of ts = 2 mm and elastomeric pad Duro 60 ASTM D2240 layer with
thickness hr 1 = 14 mm.