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Proposed Reclamation At Tuas Finger One

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013


Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

[DESIGN CRITERIA]
Project Name

Proposed Reclamation at Tuas Finger One


Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Project Location :

Singapore

Employer

JTC Corporation

Main Contractor :

Dredging International Daelim Joint Venture

Review and Approval Record of the Present Document


Action

Name

Function

Approved by

DKO

General Manager

Checked by

PDG

Desk Manager

Prepared by

MOG

Desk Engineer

Signature

Date

Revision Status
Rev.

Date

24/02/14

Description

1
2

Page 1 of

Proposed Reclamation At Tuas Finger One


Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013
Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................. 3
2. STRUCTURE DESIGN......................................................................................................................... 3
2.1 Design Life......................................................................................................................................
2.2 Codes and Standards.....................................................................................................................
2.3 Material Specification......................................................................................................................
2.3.1 Concrete..................................................................................................................................
2.3.2 Reinforcing Steel (CP 65: Part2:1996, Grade 460).................................................................
2.3.3 Steel pipe pile..........................................................................................................................
2.3.4 Corrosion Protection................................................................................................................
2.4 Structure Design Load....................................................................................................................
2.4.1 Design Load.............................................................................................................................
2.5 Design soil properties.................................................................................................................... 18

1. INTRODUCTION
This document summarizes the various loads and actions to be taken into account in the design of
the retaining structure.
Tuas Finger Ones total length is 3900.566meters. Of these, about 164.0 meters are the north side
Berthing edge (T6~S2). And length of non-berthing is 990.127meters, length of Berthing edge

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Proposed Reclamation At Tuas Finger One


Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013
Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

(S3~S5) and S5(S5~T2) is 2,567.450meters and 178.989meters.

2. STRUCTURE DESIGN
2.1 Design Life
The design is to be carried out to provide a design life of 75 years.
2.2 Codes and Standards
[Table 1 ]
Item

Code, Standards and


Guidelines

Description/Value
BS 6349
BS 5400
BS 6031
CP 4
BS 8002
BS 8007

:
:
:
:
:
:

CP 65
BS 8081
BS 5950
BS 6399
BS 1377
BS 933

:
:
:
:
:
:

Maritime Structure
Steel, Concrete and Composite Bridges
Code of Practice for Earthworks
Code of Practice for Foundations
Code of Practice for Earth Retaining Structures
Code of Practice for Design of Concrete Structures
for Retaining Aqueous Liquids
Code of Practice for Structures Use of Concrete
Code of Practice for Ground Anchorages
Structural Use of Steelwork in Buildings
Part 2 Code of Practice for Wind Loads
Method of test for Soil for Civil Engineering Purposes
Test for Geometrical Properties of Aggregates

2.3 Material Specification


2.3.1 Concrete

1) Specified compressive strength of concrete (at 28days)


: fc = 40Mpa ( Pile Deck Structures)
2) Concrete unit weight : Wc =

25.0 kN/m3

3) Modulus of elasticity : Ec = 3.4 x 104 (MPa)


2.3.2 Reinforcing Steel (CP 65: Part2:1996, Grade 460)

1) Specified yield strength of reinforcement : fy = 460 MPa


2) Modulus of elasticity for Reinforcing Steel : E s = 2.0 x 105 MPa

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Proposed Reclamation At Tuas Finger One


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2.3.3 Steel pipe pile

All steel for piles shall be in accordance with BS 5950 : 2002, Steel Grade S355

Specified yield strength of steel for vertical pipe pile :

f y = 355 Mpa

2.3.4 Corrosion Protection


Corrosion Allowance :

2 mm ( Client maintenance period of 15 years on condition)

No corrosion loss will be assumed on the inside faces of tubular steel piles

Splash Zone

Immersed Zone : Cathodic protection

: Painting system

The exposed concrete : Silane painting (Min.300ml/m2)

Design result of corrosion protection


DECK TOP CD.(+)6.00
SILANE PAINT(2 LAYER)
(MIN. 300 /)

CD.(-)1.00

STEEL PIPE PILE

SEA BED

< Figure 1 >


2.4 Structure Design Load
2.4.1 Design Load

1) Dead load
It is automatically calculated in SAP Program
2) Live load

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Pre- port stage

: 60.0 kN/ m2

Container port stage : 43.0 kN/ m2 (Berthing)


Container port stage : 10.0 kN/ m2 (Non-berthing)
-Berthing
Pre- port

Container port
64,000

29,000

29,000

64,000

60kN/m

43kN/m

-Non-berthing,S5(Pre-port applies only)


Pre- port

Container port
64,000

29,000

29,000

64,000

60kN/m

10kN/m

< Figure 2 >


- Operating load
Normal crane load - berthing
- QC : 1500kN(8 wheels) at 1.219m
- Vertical load : 1,250 kN/m
- Horizontal load : 125 kN/m
- Loading the vertical load and horizontal load at the same time.
- Horizontal load is applied with 10% of axial load at a right angle
direction of progress.
Crane wheel arrangement
Maximum width of crane = 26m
15,000

8 Wheels at 1.219m

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< Figure 3 >


Extreme crane load - berthing
- Vertical load

: 1,695 kN/wheel , 1695kN x 8ea / 9.6m = 1412.5 kN/m

- Horizontal load(Longitudinal) : 1759 kN/rail , 1759 kN / 2corner / 9.6m = 91.515kN/m


- Horizontal load(Transverse) : 170 kN/wheel , 170 kN x 8ea / 9.6m = 141.67kN/m
- Up-lift load

: 2370 kN/corner

Load
cases

Crane load

CASE1
Case1
vertical load

CASE2
Case2
vertical load

Maximum width of crane = 26m

Maximum width of crane = 26m

15,000

15,000

8 Wheels at 1.219m

8 Wheels at 1.219m

vertical load

vertical load

vertical load

Maximum width of crane = 26m

Maximum width of crane = 26m

15,000

15,000

8 Wheels at 1.219m

8 Wheels at 1.219m

up-lift load

up-lift load

vertical load

< Figure 4 >


Superimposed live load - berthing, non-berthing
[Table 2 ]
SLL type

DST

SLL type

Design load
50kN(4 wheels)
250kN(8 wheels) at 1.200m
200kN(20 wheels) at 1.280m
Design load

HA

30kN/m2

HB45

112.5kN each

Automated Guided vehicles


(AGV)

475kN each

Double-stack automated Guided


vehicles (AGV)

327.5kN each

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Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013
Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

Heavy Forklift trucks

Front : 1059kN
Rear : 70kN

Mobile Cranes

Apply 1m x1m 70ton

SLL wheel Arrangement


[Table 3 ]
DST
3,496
1,200

9,144

HA
C.T.C
1.280
2

6,486

30KN/m (HA)

Automated Guided vehicles


(AGV)

HB45

8,800
6000,11000,21000,26000
DIRECTION OF TRAVEL

1,800

5,600

1,800

Double-stack automated Guided


vehicles (AGV)

Heavy Forklift trucks

8,800

4,500
1059kN
each

3,000
70kN
each

5,600

5,500

Mobile Cranes
12,640

7,500

BLANK

4) Berthing Load - berthing


Berthing on three fenders

Berthing on two fenders

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Proposed Reclamation At Tuas Finger One


Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013
Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

Fender 1 : 1,428 kN
Fender 2 : 2,596 kN
Fender 3 : 1,428 kN

Fender A : 2,596 kN
Fender B : 2,596 kN

Extreme

BLANK

2,596 kN each

Including a 10% premium

< Figure 5 >

5) Mooring Load - berthing


CASE1

CASE2

10,000

5,000

15,000

5,000

1500kN each

1500kN each

CASE3

CASE4

44,000

5,000
5,000

1500kN each

1500kN each
< Figure 6 >

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Proposed Reclamation At Tuas Finger One


Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013
Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

6) Wind load (BS - EN 1991-1-4:2005, p.88)


a) Long term(normal)
: 29.2 m/sec
(Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore, Package 1, Part B, Appendix B-10, MetOcean
Analysis for the Development of a Port at Tuas, p7)
b) Short term(extreme) : 33.0 m/sec
- FW =

1
2
vb C Aref , x
2

where,

: is the air density, which depends on the altitude, temperature and barometric
pressure to be expected in the region during wind storms.( = 1.25kg/m3, p.23)

Vb : is the basic wind speed


C : is the wind load factor. C = Ce Cf,x
C e : is the exposure factor (Ce = 1.8, p.23)
Cf, x : is the force coefficient without free-end flow (Cf,x = Cf,0 r ,p.65)
Cf,0 : is the force coefficient of rectangular sections with sharp corners and without
free-end flow (Cf,0 = 0.9, p.65)
r : is the reduction factor for square sections with rounded corners.
(r = 1.0, p.65)
: is the reduction factor for square sections with rounded corners.
( = 0.90, p.80)
Aref,x : is the reference area of the structure or structural element
Fw1 in long term(normal) condition
Fw1 =

1
1.25 29.2 2 1.8 0.9 1.0 0.90 776.97 N / m 2 0.78kN / m 2
2

Fw2 in short term(extreme) condition


Fw2 =

1
1.25 332 1.8 0.9 1.0 0.90 992.35 N / m 2 0.99kN / m 2
2

7) Current load

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Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

1
CD wo / g D V2
2

FD =
=

1
C D o D V 2
2
FD

where,

: Drag force per unit length (kN/m)

D
CD
o
wo
g
V

FD

: Diameter of cylindrical member


: Drag coefficient (CD = 1)
: Density of seawater (=wo /g)
: Unit weight of seawater (kN/m3)
: The gravity acceleration (9.8m/sec2)
: Velocity of current
(0.5 m/sec : Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore, Package 1, Part B,
Appendix B-10, Met-Ocean Analysis for the Development of a Port at Tuas,
p11)

1
1.0 10.0 0.5 2 1.25kN / m 2
2

8) Wave load
- Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore, Package 1, Part B, Appendix B-10, Met-Ocean
Analysis for the Development of a Port at Tuas( p9) are applied to the design factor (wave
height and wave Period )

F FD FI =

Ls

Ls

( 1 2 C D WS U U dLS

Ci AU ) dLS

: Morisons Equation
Where,

is the total wave force normal to the axis of the member in kilonewtons (kN)

FD
FI

is the drag force component in kilonewtons (kN) given by

is the inertia force component in kilonewtons (kN) given by


Ls : is the submerged length of the member, of which dLs is an elemental length
in metres (m)
CD : is the drag force coefficient (CD = 1)
C i : is the inertia force coefficient ( Ci = 2)
U : is the instantaneous water particle velocity normal to the member in metres
per second (normal :4.7m/s, extreme :4.8m/s)

: is the instantaneous water particle acceleration normal to the member


(9.81 m/s2)
: is the mass density of the water in tonnes per cubic metre (1.0 t/m3)
: is the cross-sectional area of the member in square metres
Berthing (2.000x22t = 0.137m2)
Non-Berthing,S5 (1.600x20t = 0.099m2)

a) Berthing
[Table 4 ]

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Tide level

Sea
depth

Wave
height

Wave
period

Wave
length

CD

Hmax

T1/3

(m)

(m)

(m)

(s)

(m)

Normal

2.96

25.96

1.1

4.7

34.47

Extreme

2.96

25.96

1.2

4.8

35.95

Description

Normal condition

Extreme condition

< Figure 7 >


[Table 5 ]
Normal condition

Extreme condition

(m)

(kN/m)

(kN/m)

CD(+)2.96

0.579

0.655

CD(+)1.00

0.293

0.344

CD (-) 5.00

0.059

0.065

CD (-) 11.00

0.020

0.023

CD (-) 17.00

0.007

0.009

CD (-) 23.00

0.004

0.006

Tide level

b) Non-berthing

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[Table 6 ]
Tide level

Sea
depth

Wave
height

Wave
period

Wave
length

CD

Hmax

T1/3

(m)

(m)

(m)

(s)

(m)

Normal

2.96

25.96

1.1

4.7

34.47

Extreme

2.96

25.96

1.2

4.8

35.95

Description

Normal condition

Extreme condition

< Figure 8 >


[Table 7 ]
Normal condition

Extreme condition

(m)

(kN/m)

(kN/m)

CD(+)2.96

0.458

0.519

CD(+)1.00

0.234

0.271

CD (-) 5.00

0.043

0.049

CD (-) 11.00

0.014

0.017

CD (-) 17.00

0.005

0.006

CD (-) 23.00

0.003

0.004

Tide Level

c) Interfaces at. S5
[Table 8 ]

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Tide level

Sea
depth

Wave
height

Wave
period

Wave
length

CD

Hmax

T1/3

(m)

(m)

(m)

(s)

(m)

Normal

2.96

28.96

1.1

4.7

34.48

Extreme

2.96

28.96

1.2

4.8

35.95

Description

Normal Condition

Extreme Condition

< Figure 9 >


[Table 9 ]
Normal condition

Extreme condition

(m)

(kN/m)

(kN/m)

CD(+)2.96

0.458

0.519

CD(-)2.00

0.091

0.106

CD (-) 8.00

0.024

0.027

CD (-) 14.00

0.008

0.010

CD (-) 20.00

0.003

0.004

CD (-) 26.00

0.002

0.002

Tide level

9) Earth pressure load


a) Coefficient of active earth pressure of origin soil layer (K a1,Ka2)

Ka

cos 2 ( )
sin( ) sin( )
cos cos( ) 1

cos( ) cos( )

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where, = internal friction angle of soil


= friction angle between soil and wall
= vertical angle of wall
= horizontal angle of the surface of the earth
b) Coefficient of passive earth pressure

cos 2 ( )

Kp

sin( ) sin( )
cos cos( ) 1

ofsoil
) cos( )
where, = internal frictioncos(
angle
2

= friction angle between soil and wall ( = /3)


= vertical angle of wall
= horizontal angle of the surface of the earth

-active earth pressure


[Table 10 ]
Level
(m)

Berthing

Non-berthing

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

CD(-)5.84

0.000

0.00

CD(-)23.0

52.613

52.613

CD (-)35.00

93.293

93.293

- passive earth pressure


[Table 11 ]
Level
(m)

Berthing

Non-berthing

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

CD(-)23.0

0.000

0.000

CD (-)35.00

187.00

187.00

Page 14 of

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20,500
BLOCK-L2

BLOCK-L2

BLOCK-L3

2,500

5,500

1,250
1,250

1,2503,0001,250

9,500
4,000
CD.(+)6.00

2,000

2,000

2,000

CD.(+)6.00

PILE WALL
(1,600 x 20t)
CD.(-)1.00

BLOCK-L4

1,250

100

CD.(+)6.00
100

3,000
1,250

1
DREDGING LINE

PILE WALL
(1,600 x 20t)

PILE WALL
(1,600 x 20t)

CD.(-)4.00

DREDGING LINE

10,000

STEEL PIPE PILE


(1,600 x 20t)
(C.T.C 6,100)

CD.(-)8.00

DREDGING LINE

CD.(-)11.00

18,000

18,000

2,000

2,500

16,200
BLOCK-L4

100

BLOCK-L1

12,200
BLOCK-L3

100

7,889
BLOCK-L1

STEEL PIPE PILE


(1,600 x 20t)
(C.T.C 6,100)
CD.(-)22.00

CD.(-)26.00

< Figure 10 >


-active earth pressure
[Table 12 ]
Level
(m)

BLOCK-L2

BLOCK-L3

BLOCK-L4

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

CD(+)4.0

9.20

9.20

9.20

CD(+)1.69

19.83

19.83

19.83

CD(-)1.00

30.01

CD(-)1.00

35.66

CD(-)2.00

30.01

30.01

CD(-)4.00

34.84

CD(-)4.00

45.60

CD(-)8.00

44.05

CD(-)8.00

58.24

CD(-)11.00

62.75

CD(-)22.00

99.78

112.42

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10) Surcharge pressure


a) Analysis result of earth pressure distribution
Surface load is no effect on earth pressure.
But result of underground stress analysis calculated on underground stress transmission
ratio by surface load is applied

10kN/m2
Depth : 0m

< Figure 11 >

Load Transmissibility with depth


[Table 15 ]
Depth

11

13

15

16

17

19

21

23

24

Avg.

FS

Applied
value

Transmissibility
(%)

10

10

17

10

17

21

13

12

10

2.
5

25

-Berthing, Non-berthing
[Table 16 ]
Station

Total surcharge
earth pressure

Design apply surcharge


earth pressure

Pre-port

473.413kN/m

118.353kN/m

Container
-port

339.280kN/m

84.820kN/m

-active earth pressure


[Table 17 ]

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Level
(m)

Interfaces at. S5
(kN/m2)
BLOCK-L2

BLOCK-L3

BLOCK-L4

CD(+)4.0

13.80

13.80

13.80

CD(-)1.00

18.06

13.80

13.80

CD(-)4.00

18.06

18.06

13.80

CD(-)8.00

18.06

18.06

18.06

CD(-)11.00

18.06

18.06

18.06

CD(-)22.00

18.06

18.06

CD(-)26.00

18.06

10) Residual water pressure


- Residual water pressure
[Table 18 ]
Level
(m)

Interfaces at. S5

CD(+)1.69

CD(-)0.60

22.90

CD(-)26.00

22.90

(kN/m2)

2.5 Design soil properties

N value distribution and laboratory results provided by the Employer in Supplementary

Assessment Report on Ground Condition is Shown in Table 2. These values were taken
Into consideration for ground layer classification and determining design parameters.

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[Table 20 ]
Soil density
(rt, kN/m3)

Soil density
(rsat, kN/m3)

Undrained shear
strength
(Su, kN/m2)

Internal friction angle


()

20

22

35

20

22

35

18

20.5

35

RS-1
(N15 )

18

18

35

28

RS-2
(N=15~30)

19

19

70

30

RS-3
(N=30~50)

20

20

3N

32

HWR
(N50)

20

20

2N

33

Description
Fill Sand
(CD
+6~1.741m)
Fill Sand
(CD +1.741~
-2.0m)
Fill Sand
(CD -2.0~26m)

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