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You are on page 1of 18

Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

[DESIGN CRITERIA]

Project Name

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Project Location :

Singapore

Employer

JTC Corporation

Main Contractor :

Action

Name

Function

Approved by

DKO

General Manager

Checked by

PDG

Desk Manager

Prepared by

MOG

Desk Engineer

Signature

Date

Revision Status

Rev.

Date

24/02/14

Description

1

2

Page 1 of

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................................................. 3

2. STRUCTURE DESIGN......................................................................................................................... 3

2.1 Design Life......................................................................................................................................

2.2 Codes and Standards.....................................................................................................................

2.3 Material Specification......................................................................................................................

2.3.1 Concrete..................................................................................................................................

2.3.2 Reinforcing Steel (CP 65: Part2:1996, Grade 460).................................................................

2.3.3 Steel pipe pile..........................................................................................................................

2.3.4 Corrosion Protection................................................................................................................

2.4 Structure Design Load....................................................................................................................

2.4.1 Design Load.............................................................................................................................

2.5 Design soil properties.................................................................................................................... 18

1. INTRODUCTION

This document summarizes the various loads and actions to be taken into account in the design of

the retaining structure.

Tuas Finger Ones total length is 3900.566meters. Of these, about 164.0 meters are the north side

Berthing edge (T6~S2). And length of non-berthing is 990.127meters, length of Berthing edge

Page 2 of

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

2. STRUCTURE DESIGN

2.1 Design Life

The design is to be carried out to provide a design life of 75 years.

2.2 Codes and Standards

[Table 1 ]

Item

Guidelines

Description/Value

BS 6349

BS 5400

BS 6031

CP 4

BS 8002

BS 8007

:

:

:

:

:

:

CP 65

BS 8081

BS 5950

BS 6399

BS 1377

BS 933

:

:

:

:

:

:

Maritime Structure

Steel, Concrete and Composite Bridges

Code of Practice for Earthworks

Code of Practice for Foundations

Code of Practice for Earth Retaining Structures

Code of Practice for Design of Concrete Structures

for Retaining Aqueous Liquids

Code of Practice for Structures Use of Concrete

Code of Practice for Ground Anchorages

Structural Use of Steelwork in Buildings

Part 2 Code of Practice for Wind Loads

Method of test for Soil for Civil Engineering Purposes

Test for Geometrical Properties of Aggregates

2.3.1 Concrete

: fc = 40Mpa ( Pile Deck Structures)

2) Concrete unit weight : Wc =

25.0 kN/m3

2.3.2 Reinforcing Steel (CP 65: Part2:1996, Grade 460)

2) Modulus of elasticity for Reinforcing Steel : E s = 2.0 x 105 MPa

Page 3 of

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

All steel for piles shall be in accordance with BS 5950 : 2002, Steel Grade S355

f y = 355 Mpa

Corrosion Allowance :

No corrosion loss will be assumed on the inside faces of tubular steel piles

Splash Zone

: Painting system

DECK TOP CD.(+)6.00

SILANE PAINT(2 LAYER)

(MIN. 300 /)

CD.(-)1.00

SEA BED

2.4 Structure Design Load

2.4.1 Design Load

1) Dead load

It is automatically calculated in SAP Program

2) Live load

Page 4 of

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

: 60.0 kN/ m2

Container port stage : 10.0 kN/ m2 (Non-berthing)

-Berthing

Pre- port

Container port

64,000

29,000

29,000

64,000

60kN/m

43kN/m

Pre- port

Container port

64,000

29,000

29,000

64,000

60kN/m

10kN/m

- Operating load

Normal crane load - berthing

- QC : 1500kN(8 wheels) at 1.219m

- Vertical load : 1,250 kN/m

- Horizontal load : 125 kN/m

- Loading the vertical load and horizontal load at the same time.

- Horizontal load is applied with 10% of axial load at a right angle

direction of progress.

Crane wheel arrangement

Maximum width of crane = 26m

15,000

8 Wheels at 1.219m

Page 5 of

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

Extreme crane load - berthing

- Vertical load

- Horizontal load(Transverse) : 170 kN/wheel , 170 kN x 8ea / 9.6m = 141.67kN/m

- Up-lift load

: 2370 kN/corner

Load

cases

Crane load

CASE1

Case1

vertical load

CASE2

Case2

vertical load

15,000

15,000

8 Wheels at 1.219m

8 Wheels at 1.219m

vertical load

vertical load

vertical load

15,000

15,000

8 Wheels at 1.219m

8 Wheels at 1.219m

up-lift load

up-lift load

vertical load

Superimposed live load - berthing, non-berthing

[Table 2 ]

SLL type

DST

SLL type

Design load

50kN(4 wheels)

250kN(8 wheels) at 1.200m

200kN(20 wheels) at 1.280m

Design load

HA

30kN/m2

HB45

112.5kN each

(AGV)

475kN each

vehicles (AGV)

327.5kN each

Page 6 of

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

Front : 1059kN

Rear : 70kN

Mobile Cranes

[Table 3 ]

DST

3,496

1,200

9,144

HA

C.T.C

1.280

2

6,486

30KN/m (HA)

(AGV)

HB45

8,800

6000,11000,21000,26000

DIRECTION OF TRAVEL

1,800

5,600

1,800

vehicles (AGV)

8,800

4,500

1059kN

each

3,000

70kN

each

5,600

5,500

Mobile Cranes

12,640

7,500

BLANK

Berthing on three fenders

Page 7 of

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

Fender 1 : 1,428 kN

Fender 2 : 2,596 kN

Fender 3 : 1,428 kN

Fender A : 2,596 kN

Fender B : 2,596 kN

Extreme

BLANK

2,596 kN each

CASE1

CASE2

10,000

5,000

15,000

5,000

1500kN each

1500kN each

CASE3

CASE4

44,000

5,000

5,000

1500kN each

1500kN each

< Figure 6 >

Page 8 of

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

a) Long term(normal)

: 29.2 m/sec

(Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore, Package 1, Part B, Appendix B-10, MetOcean

Analysis for the Development of a Port at Tuas, p7)

b) Short term(extreme) : 33.0 m/sec

- FW =

1

2

vb C Aref , x

2

where,

: is the air density, which depends on the altitude, temperature and barometric

pressure to be expected in the region during wind storms.( = 1.25kg/m3, p.23)

C : is the wind load factor. C = Ce Cf,x

C e : is the exposure factor (Ce = 1.8, p.23)

Cf, x : is the force coefficient without free-end flow (Cf,x = Cf,0 r ,p.65)

Cf,0 : is the force coefficient of rectangular sections with sharp corners and without

free-end flow (Cf,0 = 0.9, p.65)

r : is the reduction factor for square sections with rounded corners.

(r = 1.0, p.65)

: is the reduction factor for square sections with rounded corners.

( = 0.90, p.80)

Aref,x : is the reference area of the structure or structural element

Fw1 in long term(normal) condition

Fw1 =

1

1.25 29.2 2 1.8 0.9 1.0 0.90 776.97 N / m 2 0.78kN / m 2

2

Fw2 =

1

1.25 332 1.8 0.9 1.0 0.90 992.35 N / m 2 0.99kN / m 2

2

7) Current load

Page 9 of

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

1

CD wo / g D V2

2

FD =

=

1

C D o D V 2

2

FD

where,

D

CD

o

wo

g

V

FD

: Drag coefficient (CD = 1)

: Density of seawater (=wo /g)

: Unit weight of seawater (kN/m3)

: The gravity acceleration (9.8m/sec2)

: Velocity of current

(0.5 m/sec : Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore, Package 1, Part B,

Appendix B-10, Met-Ocean Analysis for the Development of a Port at Tuas,

p11)

1

1.0 10.0 0.5 2 1.25kN / m 2

2

8) Wave load

- Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore, Package 1, Part B, Appendix B-10, Met-Ocean

Analysis for the Development of a Port at Tuas( p9) are applied to the design factor (wave

height and wave Period )

F FD FI =

Ls

Ls

( 1 2 C D WS U U dLS

Ci AU ) dLS

: Morisons Equation

Where,

is the total wave force normal to the axis of the member in kilonewtons (kN)

FD

FI

Ls : is the submerged length of the member, of which dLs is an elemental length

in metres (m)

CD : is the drag force coefficient (CD = 1)

C i : is the inertia force coefficient ( Ci = 2)

U : is the instantaneous water particle velocity normal to the member in metres

per second (normal :4.7m/s, extreme :4.8m/s)

(9.81 m/s2)

: is the mass density of the water in tonnes per cubic metre (1.0 t/m3)

: is the cross-sectional area of the member in square metres

Berthing (2.000x22t = 0.137m2)

Non-Berthing,S5 (1.600x20t = 0.099m2)

a) Berthing

[Table 4 ]

Page 10 of

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

Tide level

Sea

depth

Wave

height

Wave

period

Wave

length

CD

Hmax

T1/3

(m)

(m)

(m)

(s)

(m)

Normal

2.96

25.96

1.1

4.7

34.47

Extreme

2.96

25.96

1.2

4.8

35.95

Description

Normal condition

Extreme condition

[Table 5 ]

Normal condition

Extreme condition

(m)

(kN/m)

(kN/m)

CD(+)2.96

0.579

0.655

CD(+)1.00

0.293

0.344

CD (-) 5.00

0.059

0.065

CD (-) 11.00

0.020

0.023

CD (-) 17.00

0.007

0.009

CD (-) 23.00

0.004

0.006

Tide level

b) Non-berthing

Page 11 of

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

[Table 6 ]

Tide level

Sea

depth

Wave

height

Wave

period

Wave

length

CD

Hmax

T1/3

(m)

(m)

(m)

(s)

(m)

Normal

2.96

25.96

1.1

4.7

34.47

Extreme

2.96

25.96

1.2

4.8

35.95

Description

Normal condition

Extreme condition

[Table 7 ]

Normal condition

Extreme condition

(m)

(kN/m)

(kN/m)

CD(+)2.96

0.458

0.519

CD(+)1.00

0.234

0.271

CD (-) 5.00

0.043

0.049

CD (-) 11.00

0.014

0.017

CD (-) 17.00

0.005

0.006

CD (-) 23.00

0.003

0.004

Tide Level

c) Interfaces at. S5

[Table 8 ]

Page 12 of

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

Tide level

Sea

depth

Wave

height

Wave

period

Wave

length

CD

Hmax

T1/3

(m)

(m)

(m)

(s)

(m)

Normal

2.96

28.96

1.1

4.7

34.48

Extreme

2.96

28.96

1.2

4.8

35.95

Description

Normal Condition

Extreme Condition

[Table 9 ]

Normal condition

Extreme condition

(m)

(kN/m)

(kN/m)

CD(+)2.96

0.458

0.519

CD(-)2.00

0.091

0.106

CD (-) 8.00

0.024

0.027

CD (-) 14.00

0.008

0.010

CD (-) 20.00

0.003

0.004

CD (-) 26.00

0.002

0.002

Tide level

a) Coefficient of active earth pressure of origin soil layer (K a1,Ka2)

Ka

cos 2 ( )

sin( ) sin( )

cos cos( ) 1

cos( ) cos( )

Page 13 of

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

= friction angle between soil and wall

= vertical angle of wall

= horizontal angle of the surface of the earth

b) Coefficient of passive earth pressure

cos 2 ( )

Kp

sin( ) sin( )

cos cos( ) 1

ofsoil

) cos( )

where, = internal frictioncos(

angle

2

= vertical angle of wall

= horizontal angle of the surface of the earth

[Table 10 ]

Level

(m)

Berthing

Non-berthing

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

CD(-)5.84

0.000

0.00

CD(-)23.0

52.613

52.613

CD (-)35.00

93.293

93.293

[Table 11 ]

Level

(m)

Berthing

Non-berthing

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

CD(-)23.0

0.000

0.000

CD (-)35.00

187.00

187.00

Page 14 of

2,500

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

20,500

BLOCK-L2

BLOCK-L2

BLOCK-L3

2,500

5,500

1,250

1,250

1,2503,0001,250

9,500

4,000

CD.(+)6.00

2,000

2,000

2,000

CD.(+)6.00

PILE WALL

(1,600 x 20t)

CD.(-)1.00

BLOCK-L4

1,250

100

CD.(+)6.00

100

3,000

1,250

1

DREDGING LINE

PILE WALL

(1,600 x 20t)

PILE WALL

(1,600 x 20t)

CD.(-)4.00

DREDGING LINE

10,000

(1,600 x 20t)

(C.T.C 6,100)

CD.(-)8.00

DREDGING LINE

CD.(-)11.00

18,000

18,000

2,000

2,500

16,200

BLOCK-L4

100

BLOCK-L1

12,200

BLOCK-L3

100

7,889

BLOCK-L1

(1,600 x 20t)

(C.T.C 6,100)

CD.(-)22.00

CD.(-)26.00

-active earth pressure

[Table 12 ]

Level

(m)

BLOCK-L2

BLOCK-L3

BLOCK-L4

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

(kN/m2)

CD(+)4.0

9.20

9.20

9.20

CD(+)1.69

19.83

19.83

19.83

CD(-)1.00

30.01

CD(-)1.00

35.66

CD(-)2.00

30.01

30.01

CD(-)4.00

34.84

CD(-)4.00

45.60

CD(-)8.00

44.05

CD(-)8.00

58.24

CD(-)11.00

62.75

CD(-)22.00

99.78

112.42

Page 15 of

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

a) Analysis result of earth pressure distribution

Surface load is no effect on earth pressure.

But result of underground stress analysis calculated on underground stress transmission

ratio by surface load is applied

10kN/m2

Depth : 0m

[Table 15 ]

Depth

11

13

15

16

17

19

21

23

24

Avg.

FS

Applied

value

Transmissibility

(%)

10

10

17

10

17

21

13

12

10

2.

5

25

-Berthing, Non-berthing

[Table 16 ]

Station

Total surcharge

earth pressure

earth pressure

Pre-port

473.413kN/m

118.353kN/m

Container

-port

339.280kN/m

84.820kN/m

[Table 17 ]

Page 16 of

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

Level

(m)

Interfaces at. S5

(kN/m2)

BLOCK-L2

BLOCK-L3

BLOCK-L4

CD(+)4.0

13.80

13.80

13.80

CD(-)1.00

18.06

13.80

13.80

CD(-)4.00

18.06

18.06

13.80

CD(-)8.00

18.06

18.06

18.06

CD(-)11.00

18.06

18.06

18.06

CD(-)22.00

18.06

18.06

CD(-)26.00

18.06

- Residual water pressure

[Table 18 ]

Level

(m)

Interfaces at. S5

CD(+)1.69

CD(-)0.60

22.90

CD(-)26.00

22.90

(kN/m2)

Assessment Report on Ground Condition is Shown in Table 2. These values were taken

Into consideration for ground layer classification and determining design parameters.

Page 17 of

Tender Ref. No. : JTC000/T/58A/2013

Alternative Offer No. 4 and 5

[Table 20 ]

Soil density

(rt, kN/m3)

Soil density

(rsat, kN/m3)

Undrained shear

strength

(Su, kN/m2)

()

20

22

35

20

22

35

18

20.5

35

RS-1

(N15 )

18

18

35

28

RS-2

(N=15~30)

19

19

70

30

RS-3

(N=30~50)

20

20

3N

32

HWR

(N50)

20

20

2N

33

Description

Fill Sand

(CD

+6~1.741m)

Fill Sand

(CD +1.741~

-2.0m)

Fill Sand

(CD -2.0~26m)

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