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Allama Muhammad Iqbal is one of the most outstanding poetphilosophers of the Indian sub-continent belonging to the

modern period. His intellectual genius has reigned supreme in


the arena of Islamic philosophy during the twentieth century
and is likely to direct and influence the Islamic Intellectual
tradition in the twenty first century as well. His sublime poetry
and philosophy inspired millions of Muslims to wake up to the
reality of the times and forge a destiny for themselves.
Iqbal was deeply concerned with the Youth of that time. He was
very much clear to the fact that if Youngsters had focused their
real destiny then they could have led the Muslims of SubContinent out of the danger of destruction earlier than they did.
Iqbal's Nojwan is a True Muslim, Mard-e-Momin, Mojahid,
Shaheen, Man of Khudi and an Optimistic person who can pull
down the stars to himself. Iqbal says:
"Mohabbat Mojhe Un Nojawanon Se Hai
Sitaron Pe Dalte Hain Jo Kamand"
"I have love for those youngsters who pull the stars down
Iqbal's Nojawan is creative nojwan. He is Shaheen who hunts
and then takes. Iqbal says:
"Wuhi Jahan hai tira jis ko tu kare paida
Yeh sang-o-khisht naheen jo tiree nigah men hai"
"Your world is (only) the one which you create yourself,
Not these stones and bricks, which are in sigh
Youngsters provide the leadership that lead the nation to the
heights of self determination. Iqbals notion of Leadership is
best exemplified in his concept of mard-i-mumin, i.e. the
perfect man. Iqbal says of him:
He (mumin) is mild in speech and wild in action.
Be it battlefield or the assembly of friends, he is pure of heart
and action.
He also says:

"The destiny of nations is vested with the individuals. Similarly


every person belonging to the Muslim Ummah is its destiny's
star."
Iqbal wants his Nojwan to have The best knowledge and that
was the knowledge of Quran. This idea is more clearly
expressed in the following Qitah taken from Armughan-i-Hijaz:
Keep the Quran as a mirror before you.
You have completely changed, run away from yourself.
Fix a balance for your deeds [so that you may be able to],
Stir a commotion which your forbears stirred in the past.
He also feels uncomfortable with the way the knowledge is
being transfered to the Youth. He says
"Shikayat Hai Mojhe Ya Rab Un khudawandan-e-Maktab se"
"Sabaq Shaheen Bachon Ko De Rahe Hain Khak Bazi Ka"
Iqbal wants his Nojwan to stay away from the gilitering culture
of the west. Western culture is a blend of matter and material
pleasure where lust, selfishness and many other wrongs are
prevailing.Therefore no good could be expected from
them.Iqbal said to Muslims:
"Western nations are based on territory and race. Whereas the
strength of your community rests on the might of your religion".
(Bang-e-Dara).
Iqbal also says:
Utha na sheesha garan-e-farang ke ihsan
Seefaale Hind Se Beena-o-Jam Paida Kar
Iqbal's philosophy of khudi shows that man is neither soul nor
body. Man is above both because he pessesses them. Iqbal's
nojawan is a Man of Khudi. The absolute Khudi is infinetly
creative. "Know thy self and success shall be thine" said by

some Philosopher. Iqbal expresses if man becomes empror of


himself then he can lead the world to his own direction. He
says:
"The man of strong character who is master of himself
will find fortune complaisant.
He will dig up the foundations of the universe
and cast its atoms into a new mould.
He will subvert the course of Time
And wreck the azure firmament.
By his own strength he will produce
A new world which will do his pleasure."
Iqbal, to disgrace pride and richness, says:
"Mera Tareeq Amiri Nahi Faqeeri Hai
Khudi Na Baech Ghareebi Main Nam Paida Kar"
Iqbal discourage youngsters to get indulged in the pride and
gilitters of the current Era and western Era. In a poem "Javed
Se", He says:
"Gharat Gar Deen Hai Yeah Zamana
Hai Iss Ki Nihad Kafirana
Johar Main Ho La-Ila-Ha To Kya Khof
Taleem Ho Go Farangiyana
Dehkan Agar Na Ho Tan Aasan
Har Dana Hai Sad Hazar Dana"
Iqbal's youth must be equipped with the Fikr, Thinking of truth
that gives warmth, richness, beauty and charm to one's life,
and that Fiqr is Hijazi Fiqr. Iqbal says:
"Yeah Fiqre Ghayyoor Jis Ne Paya
Ba Taegh-o-Sanan Mard-e-Ghazi"
He also says:

"Nudrat-i-fikr-o-amal se mucjzat-i-zindgi
Nudrat-i-fikr-o-amal se sang-i-khara lal-i-nab"
"Miracles of life are always the product
of innovation in thought and action,
Innovation of thought and action can
transform granite into a real ruby,"
Iqbal's feels if the Youth of any nation is lazy or indulged in
wrong then no one can stop nation to be ruined. Iqbal in his
poem "Iblees ki Majlis-e-Shoora" expresses this idea where
Iblees is giving instructions to his workers. i.e:
Aane Wale Se Maseeha Naasri Maqsood Hai
Ya Mujadad Jis Mein Ho Farzand-e-Mariyam Ka Sifat
Mast Rakkho Zikr-o-Fiqr Subho-Gahi Mein Esa
Pukhta Tar Kar Do Mizaj-e-Khankahi Main Esa
As a conclusion, In Iqbal's eyes Youth is representative of the
nation, not only of the current nation but also of the nations to
come, i.e thay will set a stage for next generation. If Nojawans
are True Muslims and have Fourteen qualities of a true leader
that are written in the verses of "Surah Bakara" in Quran Sharif
then nation can prosprous itself and if it is other wise then
nothing can stop them to be ruined. But Iqbal is optimistic and
says.
Nahi Na Ummeed Iqbal Apni Kisht-e-Veeran Se
Zara Nam Ho To Yeah Matti Bari Zarkhez Hai Saki