From World Development Indicators

The Little
Data Book

People
Environment
Economy
States and markets
Global links

2010

THE LITTLE
DATA BOOK

Copyright © 2010 by the International Bank for
Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK
1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20433
U.S.A.
All rights reserved
Manufactured in the United States of America
First printing May 2010
ISBN: 978-0-8213-8244-8
eISBN: 978-0-8213-8445-9
DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-8244-8
SKU: 18244
The Little Data Book 2010 is a product of the Development Data Group
of the Development Economics Vice Presidency of the World Bank.
Editing, design, and layout by Communications Development Incorporated,
Washington, D.C. Cover design by Peter Grundy Art & Design, London, U.K.

Contents
Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .v
Data notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi

Regional tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
East Asia and Pacific . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Europe and Central Asia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Latin America and the Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Middle East and North Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
South Asia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Sub-Saharan Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Income group tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Low income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Middle income. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Lower middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Upper middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Low and middle income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Euro area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
High income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16

Country tables (in alphabetical order) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228

Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 229

The Little Data Book

2010

iii

Acknowledgments
The Little Data Book 2010 was prepared by a team led by Soong Sup Lee,
under the supervision of Eric Swanson, and comprising Awatif Abuzeid,
Mehdi Akhlaghi, Azita Amjadi, Uranbileg Batjargal, David Cieslikowski,
Loveena Dookhony, Shota Hatakeyama, Masako Hiraga, Kiyomi Horiuchi,
Bala Bhaskar Naidu Kalimili, Buyant Erdene Khaltarkhuu, Ibrahim Levent,
Raymond Muhula, Changqinq Sun, and Sulekha Patel, working closely with
other teams in the Development Data Group of the Development Economics
Vice Presidency. The work was carried out under the management of Shaida
Badiee.
Richard Fix and Alison Kwong coordinated all stages of production, with
the assistance of Azita Amjadi, Buyant Erdene Khaltarkhuu, and William
Prince. Meta de Coquereaumont, Christopher Trott, and Elaine Wilson of
Communications Development Incorporated provided design, editing, and
layout. Staff from External Affairs oversaw publication and dissemination
of the book.

iv

2010

The Little Data Book

Introduction
The Little Data Book 2010 is a pocket edition of World Development Indicators
2010. It is intended as a quick reference for users of the World Development
Indicators database, book, and CD-ROM. The database, which covers
more than 800 indicators and spans more than 50 years, is available at
data.worldbank.org.
The 210 country tables in The Little Data Book present the latest available
data for World Bank member countries and other economies with populations
of more than 30,000. The 14 summary tables cover regional and income
group aggregates.
For more information about these data or other World Bank data publications, visit our data Web site at data.worldbank.org, e-mail us at
data@worldbank.org, call our data hotline 800 590 1906 or 202 473 7824,
or fax us at 202 522 1498.
To order World Development Indicators 2010 or the World Development
Indicators 2010 CD-ROM, visit the publications Web site at www.worldbank.
org/publications, call 800 645 7247 or 703 661 1580, or fax 703 661 1501.

The Little Data Book

2010

v

Data notes
The data in this book are for 1990, 2000, and 2008 or the most recent year
unless otherwise noted in the table or the Glossary.

Growth rates are proportional changes from the previous year unless
otherwise noted.

Regional aggregates include data for low- and middle-income
economies only.

Figures in italics indicate data for years or periods other than those
specified.

Symbols used:
..

indicates that data are not available or that aggregates cannot
be calculated because of missing data.

0 or 0.0

indicates zero or small enough that the number would round
to zero at the displayed number of decimal places.

$

indicates current U.S. dollars.
Lettered notes on some country tables can be found in the
Notes on page 228.

Data are shown for economies with populations greater than 30,000 or for
smaller economies if they are members of the World Bank. The term country
(used interchangeably with economy) does not imply political independence
or official recognition by the World Bank but refers to any economy for which
the authorities report separate social or economic statistics.
The selection of indicators in these pages includes some of those being
used to monitor progress towards the Millennium Development Goals. For
more information about the eight goals—halving poverty and increasing
well-being by 2015—please see the other books in the World Development
Indicators 2010 family of products.

vi

2010

The Little Data Book

Regional tables
The country composition of regions is based on the World Bank’s analytical
regions and may differ from common geographic usage.
East Asia and Pacific
American Samoa, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Indonesia, Kiribati, Democratic
Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Marshall
Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Palau,
Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand,
Timor-Leste, Tonga, Vanuatu, Vietnam
Europe and Central Asia
Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria,
Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Poland, Romania,
Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine,
Uzbekistan
Latin America and the Caribbean
Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba,
Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala,
Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay,
Peru, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines,
Suriname, Uruguay, Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Middle East and North Africa
Algeria, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq,
Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, West
Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen
South Asia
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan,
Sri Lanka
Sub-Saharan Africa
Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape
Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic
of the Congo, Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon,
The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia,
Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique,
Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal,
Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland,
Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

The Little Data Book

2010

1

World
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

6,697
134,097
57,960.4
69,260.5

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.2
8,654
10,342

1990

2000

2008

..
65
3.3
..
57
50
92
..
73
79
50
87
0.3

..
67
2.7
60
60
62
81
25
73
82
60
92
0.9

..
69
2.5
51
61
66
67
22
83
89
66
96
0.8

40,678

39,792

..
76
51
1,666
4.3
2,121

..
82
57
1,646
4.1
2,389

39,280
0.2
9.0
86
60
1,819
4.4
2,846

21,827.3 32,036.6 61,063.3
2.9
4.1
1.7
7.6
4.5
8.4
5
4
3
33
29
28
61
67
69
19
24
29
19
25
29
23
22
22
..
25.8
26.6
..
–0.1
–0.9

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
47.6
3.6
0
0.1
35.3
17

..
102.2
2.3
12
6.8
43.2
23

36
59.2
2.4
61
23.9
..
17

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

32.2
..
..
..
..
69
204
57

41.0
..
..
..
..
132
1,519
50

52.5
..
..
..
..
443
1,823
129

2

2010

The Little Data Book

East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

1,930
16,299
5,102.0
10,469.5

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

0.7
2,644
5,426

1990

2000

2008

..
67
2.6
..
75
48
55
..
89
101
41
89
0.1

..
70
2.0
21
82
85
42
12
83
..
60
98
0.2

..
72
1.9
17
77
89
29
12
91
100
73
102
0.2

4,580

4,461

..
68
48
715
1.9
463

..
80
60
826
2.3
879

4,525
0.1
10.2
87
66
1,295
3.8
1,883

670.2
5.5
5.8
25
40
35
24
23
35
9.2
..

1,721.7 5,695.6
7.6
8.0
3.4
8.0
15
12
44
47
41
41
36
40
31
35
32
40
8.4
11.6
–2.6
–1.1

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
16.4
2.4
0
0.0
23.5
16

..
47.1
1.7
6
1.9
34.3
31

42
58.0
1.8
53
19.4
..
28

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

47.0
..
234
17.6
–2.3
3.2
11
7.7

59.5
..
497
11.4
–3.1
16.4
45
8.6

68.0
..
772
3.9
–3.7
86.1
188
9.1

The Little Data Book

2010

3

Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

443
23,926
3,258.0
5,300.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

0.3
7,350
11,958

1990

2000

2008

..
69
2.3
..
..
..
50
..
82
93
85
98
..

..
68
1.6
34
68
93
36
..
93
94
89
97
0.3

..
70
1.8
27
..
97
22
..
96
98
89
97
0.6

8,812

8,832

..
90
88
3,885
9.4
4,370

..
93
89
2,628
6.6
3,302

8,837
–0.02
7.2
95
89
2,948
7.3
3,958

1,003.2
–1.2
13.6
17
44
40
22
22
28
..
..

882.4 3,872.5
6.9
4.1
20.0
11.7
10
7
34
32
56
61
35
34
32
35
21
25
29.4
29.8
1.6
0.3

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
2.2
4.5
0
0.0
74.2
..

..
17.6
3.1
8
2.5
66.5
9

19
44.4
2.7
110
28.6
..
6

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

47.3
..
129
..
–1.3
3.2
2.6
1.3

51.4
..
433
18.2
–2.5
11.9
19.1
4.5

58.1
..
1,399
18.6
–2.1
57.5
172.1
8.2

4

2010

The Little Data Book

Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

566
20,421
3,831.0
5,841.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.1
6,768
10,318

1990

2000

2008

..
68
3.2
..
56
72
53
..
76
84
57
99
0.3

..
72
2.7
83
..
86
33
..
92
98
84
101
0.5

..
73
2.2
72
75
90
23
4
93
101
88
102
0.5

9,834

9,385

..
84
68
1,042
2.4
1,192

..
89
75
1,149
2.5
1,582

9,052
0.5
2.0
91
78
1,273
2.6
1,866

1,097.5 2,035.1 4,216.1
0.3
3.9
4.3
25.1
6.2
8.5
9
6
7
36
30
33
55
65
61
17
20
24
15
21
24
19
20
23
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
7.6
1.5
0
0.0
21.5
7

..
31.8
1.4
12
3.8
24.3
16

67
31.9
1.3
80
28.9
..
12

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

23.0
..
423
21.9
–3.5
5.7
8.0
5.1

36.1
..
733
38.0
–3.8
20.2
79.3
4.8

41.9
..
894
14.0
–5.7
64.4
125.7
9.3

The Little Data Book

2010

5

Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

325
8,778
1,052.6
2,347.8

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.8
3,237
7,350

1990

2000

2008

..
64
4.9
..
42
47
76
..
83
..
54
80
..

..
69
3.2
42
61
77
50
..
89
82
68
90
0.1

..
71
2.7
35
62
80
34
12
86
94
72
96
0.1

200

208

..
89
67
814
2.5
727

..
89
73
1,018
3.2
1,043

212
–0.4
122.3
88
74
1,275
3.5
1,435

265.4
7.4
17.0
18
32
50
23
34
29
..
..

431.3 1,074.0
3.3
5.5
4.9
11.3
13
11
43
43
44
46
27
38
26
33
24
28
..
32.2
..
1.7

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
2.9
0
0.0
72.0
..

..
19.9
3.5
2
0.9
68.4
3

23
55.9
2.8
58
18.9
..
4

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

42.5
..
119
20.6
–1.5
11
0.7
10.3

48.4
..
117
13.3
–1.6
13
4.9
4.5

68.6
..
132
5.3
–1.8
35
30.2
23.6

6

2010

The Little Data Book

South Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

1,545
5,131
1,487.5
4,166.5

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.5
963
2,697

1990

2000

2008

..
58
4.3
..
40
32
125
..
56
62
37
69
0.1

..
61
3.4
87
45
36
99
43
57
68
44
80
0.4

..
64
2.9
66
53
42
76
41
75
79
52
91
0.3

789

807

..
73
18
347
0.7
246

..
81
27
415
1.0
359

799
–0.1
51.7
87
33
484
1.1
482

402.5
5.4
8.6
29
26
45
9
12
23
13.6
–3.4

608.2 1,469.6
4.3
5.6
4.5
7.7
24
18
26
28
50
53
14
21
16
28
23
36
12.3
14.4
–4.0
–2.2

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
10.8
3.4
0
0.0
37.5
2

..
26.1
3.1
0
0.5
30.4
4

28
47.0
2.5
33
4.7
..
5

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

16.4
..
126
27.4
–1.8
5.6
0.5
6.0

24.0
..
161
14.6
–2.9
17.2
4.4
4.2

41.3
..
326
8.4
–3.2
71.7
48.7
12.3

The Little Data Book

2010

7

Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

819
24,242
882.6
1,597.7

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.5
1,077
1,950

1990

2000

2008

..
50
6.3
..
15
..
185
..
57
51
22
82
2.1

..
50
5.6
131
22
45
166
28
55
53
25
84
5.5

..
52
5.1
116
23
46
144
25
72
62
33
88
5.0

6,894

6,451

..
49
26
676
0.9
514

..
55
29
641
0.8
490

6,165
0.7
3.2
58
31
662
0.8
550

301.3
1.1
10.4
19
32
49
26
25
18
..
..

342.4
3.6
6.1
17
29
54
32
31
17
..
..

978.1
5.1
10.8
12
33
55
36
39
23
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
52.1
3.1
0
0.0
15.4
..

..
89.7
1.9
2
0.5
12.1
4

44
148.5
1.3
33
6.5
..
3

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

41.9
..
177
13.7
–1.0
1.9
1.2
18

51.4
..
211
11.5
–1.1
4.6
6.8
13

64.9
..
196
3.3
–1.6
21.3
33.7
40

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

8

2010

The Little Data Book

Income group tables
For operational and analytical purposes the World Bank’s main criterion
for classifying economies is gross national income (GNI) per capita. Each
economy in The Little Data Book is classified as low income, middle income,
or high income. Low- and middle-income economies are sometimes referred
to as developing economies. The use of the term is convenient; it is not
intended to imply that all economies in the group are experiencing similar
development or that other economies have reached a preferred or final
stage of development. Classification by income does not necessarily reflect
development status.
Low-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $975 or less
in 2008.
Middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of more than
$975 but less than $11,906. Lower-middle-income and upper-middle-income
economies are separated at a GNI per capita of $3,855.
High-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $11,906 or
more.
Euro area includes the member states of the Economic and Monetary
Union of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their currency:
Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and
Spain.

The Little Data Book

2010

9

Low income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

976
19,313
510.5
1,322.9

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.1
523
1,355

1990

2000

2008

..
54
5.4
..
26
..
160
..
61
44
26
80
2.1

..
56
4.5
104
37
37
139
32
66
58
35
88
3.4

..
59
4.0
90
38
44
118
27
78
66
41
91
2.3

5,221

4,863

..
54
25
449
0.6
294

..
62
34
400
0.5
255

4,635
0.7
7.9
67
38
423
0.5
324

183.0
2.8
10.7
37
22
42
17
27
18
..
..

234.5
3.9
6.1
32
24
44
25
32
21
..
..

564.6
6.3
10.6
25
28
47
34
47
27
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
3.0
0
0.0
15.4
..

..
..
2.3
0
0.2
12.1
6

44
..
1.7
28
4.6
..
6

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

33.7
..
137
14.2
–4.6
3.2
1.1
17

50.9
..
152
10.1
–3.1
5.7
4.3
15

74.9
..
168
3.5
–3.7
31.9
26.4
41

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

10

2010

The Little Data Book

Middle income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

4,652
79,485
15,123.0
28,552.7

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

1.1
3,251
6,137

1990

2000

2008

..
64
3.3
..
58
46
85
..
74
83
47
85
0.1

..
67
2.6
56
64
67
72
24
72
86
60
92
0.6

..
69
2.4
47
66
70
57
22
83
94
67
97
0.6

25,888

25,281

..
74
47
1,054
1.8
988

..
83
54
977
2.5
1,109

24,955
0.2
8.8
88
58
1,242
3.3
1,666

3,550.5 5,784.1 16,722.1
1.9
5.4
5.8
11.3
6.5
10.0
17
11
9
37
35
37
46
54
53
20
27
31
19
26
30
26
24
30
..
..
20.2
..
..
–0.6
..
18.5
5.0
0
0.0
44.9
..

..
36.1
2.1
5
1.8
37.6
19

40
49.5
2.0
57
17.3
..
16

31.9
..
1,070
17.9
–6.7
28
23
29

45.4
..
2,001
20.4
–11.7
78
155
23

56.2
..
3,550
9.7
–14.5
304
572
50

The Little Data Book

2010

11

Lower middle income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

3,703
32,309
7,674.5
17,007.8

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.1
2,073
4,593

1990

2000

2008

..
63
3.4
..
60
41
93
..
73
82
42
81
0.1

..
66
2.7
55
64
62
81
26
68
83
53
89
0.5

..
68
2.5
46
65
65
64
25
81
92
62
96
0.4

8,016

7,765

..
71
39
696
1.4
496

..
81
48
730
1.9
720

7,725
0.2
18.1
86
52
1,013
2.8
1,310

1,358.9 2,655.7 8,277.8
4.6
6.1
7.4
7.4
4.9
9.7
25
17
13
35
40
41
39
44
46
19
27
35
20
26
34
31
29
37
11.2
10.6
15.2
..
–3.0
–1.5

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
11.2
2.8
0
0.0
39.4
9

..
35.3
2.2
3
1.2
37.6
19

34
53.5
2.0
47
13.9
..
22

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

34.2
..
529
18.8
–4.0
17
11
24

45.7
..
830
13.5
–10.4
48
54
17

60.0
..
1,325
5.2
–11.1
204
267
37

12

2010

The Little Data Book

Upper middle income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

949
47,176
7,454.1
11,595.1

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

0.9
7,852
12,214

1990

2000

2008

..
68
2.8
..
52
..
47
..
79
88
67
98
..

..
70
2.2
60
..
92
32
..
91
96
87
100
1.4

..
71
2.0
51
72
95
23
4
93
100
90
100
1.5

17,872

17,516

..
88
76
2,354
3.8
2,773

..
92
80
1,911
4.8
2,581

17,230
0.2
2.7
94
82
2,130
5.2
3,052

2,194.3 3,128.6 8,442.4
0.3
4.8
4.2
15.9
7.2
10.3
10
6
6
39
32
34
51
62
60
20
27
28
19
26
27
22
20
24
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
22.5
6.4
0
0.0
47.6
..

..
36.7
2.0
12
4.2
41.8
19

47
45.5
2.0
95
30.6
..
9

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

30.0
..
541
17.1
–2.8
11
11
4.8

45.1
..
1,171
26.5
–1.3
29
101
5.2

52.5
..
2,226
15.2
–3.4
100
304
11.8

The Little Data Book

2010

13

Low and middle income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

5,629
98,797
15,648.9
29,867.4

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

14

2010

The Little Data Book

1.3
2,780
5,306

1990

2000

2008

..
63
3.6
..
54
46
101
..
71
78
44
84
0.4

..
65
2.9
65
60
60
88
26
71
80
55
91
1.0

..
67
2.7
55
61
63
73
24
82
88
62
96
0.9

31,109

30,144

..
72
43
980
1.6
903

..
79
51
900
2.2
995

29,591
0.3
8.7
84
55
1,127
2.8
1,478

3,731.2 6,020.3 17,299.9
2.0
5.4
5.8
10.8
6.3
10.1
18
12
10
37
35
37
46
53
53
20
27
31
20
26
31
26
24
30
..
..
20.0
..
..
–0.6
..
18.2
5.0
0
0.0
23.5
..

..
35.5
2.1
4
1.6
24.3
19

41
48.9
2.0
52
15.3
..
16

32.0
..
1,208
18.0
–11.4
31
24
54

45.6
..
2,152
20.0
–14.9
83
160
49

56.7
..
3,719
9.5
–18.2
336
598
128

Euro area
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

326
2,583
12,663.5
10,822.7

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

0.5
38,839
33,193

1990

2000

2008

..
76
1.5
..
..
..
9
..
74
101
..
..
0.2

..
78
1.5
10
..
..
6
..
87
..
..
..
0.3

..
81
1.6
8
..
..
4
..
93
..
..
..
0.3

843

909

..
..
..
3,516
7.5
5,364

..
100
..
3,758
8.3
6,371

947
–0.7
22.3
100
..
3,789
8.4
6,963

5,682.2 6,253.1 13,581.6
3.5
3.9
0.7
3.4
3.2
2.7
4
2
2
33
28
27
64
70
72
27
37
41
28
36
40
23
22
22
..
36.2
35.1
..
0.0
–0.7

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
21.1
2.5
0
0.1
92.8
12

..
86.9
1.8
60
22.8
95.4
19

15
37.9
1.6
122
62.6
..
14

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

44.0
..
..
..
2.5
28
61
..

61.0
..
..
..
3.1
33
637
..

67.8
..
..
..
7.3
71
427
..

The Little Data Book

2010

15

High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

1,069
35,299
42,416
39,749.5

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

0.7
39,688
37,193

1990

2000

2008

..
76
1.8
..
72
..
12
..
83
..
91
100
0.3

..
78
1.7
24
..
..
8
..
91
..
100
100
0.3

..
80
1.8
19
..
99
7
..
93
..
100
99
0.3

9,569

9,648

..
99
99
4,734
12.1
7,570

..
99
100
5,275
12.8
9,169

9,689
–0.1
10.4
100
100
5,321
12.7
9,753

18,094.4 26,018.9 43,309.6
3.1
3.9
0.5
5.2
3.1
2.8
3
2
1
32
28
26
65
70
73
19
24
28
19
24
28
23
22
21
..
27.4
26.9
..
0.1
–1.0

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
51.1
3.4
1
0.3
72.9
18

..
116.6
2.3
51
31.5
90.0
24

19
62.9
2.6
106
69.1
87.0
18

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

32.3
..
..
..
11
38
181
2.6

40.0
..
..
..
15
49
1,360
0.3

50.8
..
..
..
18.1
108
1,225
0.5

16

2010

The Little Data Book

Country tables
China
Unless otherwise noted, data for China do not include data for Hong Kong
SAR, China; Macao SAR, China; or Taiwan, China.

Cyprus
GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to the area
controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus. For more information,
see World Development Indicators 2010 or data.worldbank.org.

Kosovo, Montenegro, and Serbia
Montenegro declared independence from Serbia and Montenegro on June 3,
2006. Where available, data for each country are shown separately. However,
some indicators for Serbia prior to 2006 include data for Montenegro; these
data are noted in the tables. Moreover, data for most indicators for Serbia
from 1999 onward exclude data for Kosovo, which in 1999 became a territory under international administration pursuant to UN Security Council
Resolution 1244 (1999). Kosovo became a member of the World Bank on
June 29, 2009, and its data are shown where available.

Moldova
GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP exclude Transnistria.
For more information, see World Development Indicators 2010 or data.worldbank.org.

Morocco
GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP include Former
Spanish Sahara. For more information, see World Development Indicators
2010 or data.worldbank.org.

Tanzania
GNI and GDP data and data calculated using GNI and GDP refer to mainland
Tanzania only. For more information, see World Development Indicators 2010
or data.worldbank.org.

The Little Data Book

2010

17

Afghanistan
South Asia

Low income

Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

29
652
10.6
32.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

18

2010

The Little Data Book

2.7
42.0
370
1,100

1990

2000

2008

..
41
8.0
..
..
..
260
..
20
..
11
54
..

..
42
7.7
146
5
12
257
..
35
..
13
0
..

..
44
6.6
120
15
24
257
..
75
39
29
58
..

13.1

10.2

..
..
..
..
0.14
..

..
21
30
..
0.03
..

8.1
2.8
42.3
22
30
..
0.03
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

2,462
..
..
45
20
35
31
62
12
..
..

10,624
2.3
4.8
32
26
42
17
53
28
7.6
–2.2

..
..
..
0
0.0
13.3
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
13.3
..

7
..
2.2
27
1.7
29.3
..

..
..
..
..
–1,456
..
..
0.1

71.7
..
..
..
–368
..
..
0.1

37.9
..
2.2
..
805
..
300.0
4.9

Albania
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
3.1
29
12.1
23.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.3
18.5
3,840
7,520

1990

2000

2008

..
72
2.9
..
..
..
46
..
88
..
89
96
..

9.0
74
2.2
15
58
99
24
17.0
95
102
73
97
..

7.8
77
1.9
14
60
100
14
6.6
98
..
..
..
..

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

7.9

7.7

..
..
..
809
2.3
522

..
97
89
577
1.0
1,218

8.0
–0.1
6.4
97
97
694
1.4
1,186

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.1
–9.6
–0.5
36
48
16
15
23
29
..
..

3.7
7.3
4.3
29
19
52
19
37
25
23.4
–6.7

12.3
6.0
2.5
21
20
60
31
59
32
..
..

..
..
5.9
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
1.2
1
0.1
39.0
1

5
..
2.0
100
23.9
..
4

29.0
..
0.5
4.3
23
0.2
20.0
11

36.6
..
1.1
2.0
–267
0.6
143.0
317

53.5
..
3.2
3.0
–100
1.5
937.0
386

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

19

Algeria
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

34
2,382
144.1
271.1

Upper middle income
Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.5
..
4,190
7,890

1990

2000

2008

6.5
67
4.7
..
47
77
64
..
83
81
62
83
..

..
70
2.6
10
64
92
48
5.4
80
83
75
98
0.1

..
72
2.4
7
61
95
41
..
88
114
83
99
0.1

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

18

21

..
94
88
878
3.1
542

..
89
92
886
3.8
695

23
–1.6
54.0
85
94
1,089
4.0
902

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

62.0
0.8
30.3
11
48
40
23
25
29
..
..

54.8
2.2
24.6
9
59
33
41
21
25
..
..

166.5
3.0
10.8
7
62
31
48
24
34
48.5
9.5

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
1.5
0
0.0
67.0
1

..
..
3.4
0
0.5
68.9
4

24
..
3.1
93
11.9
..
1

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

36.6
74
28.1
63.4
–70
0.4
0.0
132

56.9
100
25.4
..
–140
0.8
0.4
200

70.5
239
5.5
..
–140
2.2
2.6
316

20

2010

The Little Data Book

American Samoa
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Upper middle income
66
200
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.6
..
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
100
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

184

181

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

178
0.2
..
..
..
..
..
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
3
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

21

Andorra
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

84
470
3.0
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.0
..
36,970
..

1990

2000

2008

..
..
..
..
..
..
9
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
5
..
..
100
80
101
..

..
..
1.3
..
..
..
4
..
..
..
82
103
..

Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

160

160

..
100
100
..
..
..

..
100
..
..
..
..

160
0.00
..
100
100
..
..
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.0
3.8
7.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

1.1
1.2
4.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

3.2
1.4
3.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
77
70.5
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

22

2010

The Little Data Book

Angola
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
18
1,247
60.2
87.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.6
..
3,340
4,830

1990

2000

2008

..
42
7.2
..
..
..
260
..
38
34
10
..
0.3

2.0
44
6.8
143
6
47
239
27.5
41
..
14
82
1.5

..
47
5.8
123
..
47
220
..
79
..
..
..
2.1

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

610

597

..
39
26
552
0.4
59

..
44
40
519
0.7
86

589
0.2
0.2
51
50
606
0.6
185

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

10.3
–0.3
10.9
18
41
41
39
21
12
..
..

9.1
3.0
418.2
6
72
22
90
63
15
..
..

84.9
13.2
23.9
7
68
26
76
51
12
..
..

..
..
7.1
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
6.4
0
0.1
10.4
..

68
..
2.9
38
3.1
..
..

53.5
94
8.6
8.1
–150
..
–0.3
266

120.1
100
9.4
20.7
–120
..
0.9
302

102.9
254
15.1
2.5
175
82.1
1.7
369

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

23

Antigua and Barbuda
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

87
440
1.1
1.7

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.2
..
13,200
19,660

1990

2000

2008

..
74
1.7
..
53
..
..
..
89
..
..
..
..

..
75
1.7
..
53
100
19
..
95
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
100
12
..
99
97
105
95
..

Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

94

94

..
..
..
..
4.9
..

..
91
95
..
4.5
..

94
0.00
9.6
..
..
..
5.0
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

392
2.5
2.3
4
20
76
89
87
32
..
..

664
1.5
0.4
4
20
76
70
75
48
..
..

1,217
2.5
2.8
3
28
69
51
76
74
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
..
29
6.5
33.0
0

21
..
..
158
75.0
..
0

70.5
..
..
..
..
13
60.6
4.6

69.1
..
..
..
..
21
43.1
9.8

76.4
..
..
..
..
12
253.4
8.2

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

24

2010

The Little Data Book

Argentina
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

40
2,780
286.6
558.3

Upper middle income
Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.0
..
7,190
14,000

1990

2000

4.6
72
3.0
..
..
96
29
..
93
..
71
..
0.2

3.1
74
2.5
65
..
98
21
..
91
100
88
101
0.5

3.6
75
2.2
57
..
99
16
2.3
99
100
85
104
0.5

353

338

..
94
81
1,418
3.5
1,309

..
96
89
1,650
3.8
2,085

327
0.4
10.6
96
91
1,850
4.4
2,659

141.4
–2.4
2,076.8
8
36
56
10
5
14
..
..

284.2
–0.8
1.0
5
28
67
11
12
16
14.1
–5.7

328.5
6.8a
19.1
10
32
58
24
21
23
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
2.3
1.2
0
0.0
28.5
7

..
58.4
1.3
18
7.0
29.4
9

27
15.9
0.8
117
28.1
..
9

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

11.6
64
62
37.0
162
15
1.8
169

18.1
100
141
69.3
86
86
10.4
52

39.0
133
128
10.7
–100
694
9.8
131

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book

2010

2008

25

Armenia
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
3.1
30
10.3
19.4

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.2
50.9
3,350
6,310

1990

2000

2008

..
68
2.5
..
..
..
56
..
93
..
..
..
..

7.6
71
1.7
45
61
97
36
2.6
92
101
90
104
0.1

8.6
74
1.7
36
53
100
23
4.2
94
98
88
104
0.1

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

3.4

3.1

..
..
..
2,171
1.1
2,718

..
93
89
651
1.1
1,295

2.7
1.4
32.5
98
91
926
1.4
1,692

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.3
–11.7
79.4
17
52
31
35
46
47
..
..

1.9
5.9
–1.4
26
35
39
23
51
19
..
..

11.9
6.8
8.4
18
45
37
15
40
41
22.4
–0.5

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
2.1
0
0.0
99.2
..

..
0.1
3.6
1
1.3
96.8
5

15
1.5
3.2
100
6.2
89.8
2

..
..
..
..
–68
..
1.8
2.7

61.5
..
0.9
8.2
–225
0.1
0.1
215.9

46.0
..
3.4
12.7
–100
1.1
0.9
302.6

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

26

2010

The Little Data Book

Aruba
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

105
180
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

1.2
..
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
73
2.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
74
1.9
45
..
96
..
..
..
100
102
98
..

..
75
1.7
33
..
..
..
..
..
95
95
100
..

4.0

4.0

..
100
..
..
29.1
..

..
100
..
..
24.9
..

4.0
0.00
..
100
..
..
22.5
..

872.1 1,858.7
12.0
3.7
5.7
4.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
101
70
161
91
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
..
17
15.4
..
..

..
..
..
115
22.8
..
6

58.1
..
..
..
–6
2.6
130.5
30.0

54.2
100
..
..
7
7.9
–120.2
–7.4

..
127
..
..
7
15.1
187.0
..

The Little Data Book

2010

27

Australia
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

21
7,741
862.5
798.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.7
..
40,240
37,250

1990

2000

2008

..
77
1.9
..
..
100
9
..
86
..
82
101
0.1

..
79
1.8
18
..
99
6
..
91
..
162
100
0.1

..
81
2.0
15
..
..
6
..
94
..
148
98
0.2
1,633
0.2
4.9
100
100
5,888
18.0
11,249

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1,679

1,646

..
100
100
5,053
17.2
8,456

..
100
100
5,687
17.2
10,055

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

305.5
3.9
5.5
5
31
64
15
17
28
..
..

405.1 1,015.2
4.0
3.7
2.1
4.4
4
3
27
29
70
68
20
21
22
23
25
29
24.9
25.4
1.9
1.5

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
35.7
2.1
1
0.6
35.0
8

..
92.0
1.8
45
46.8
38.7
15

2
66.5
1.8
103
70.8
..
12

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

26.8
116
..
..
667
2.4
8.1
..

33.4
100
..
..
466
1.9
13.6
..

38.2
175
..
..
641
4.7
47.3
..

28

2010

The Little Data Book

Austria
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

8.3
84
382.7
311.5

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.4
..
45,900
37,360

1990

2000

2008

..
76
1.5
..
..
..
9
..
60
..
101
95
0.1

8.6
78
1.4
14
..
..
6
..
75
102
98
97
0.1

..
80
1.4
13
..
..
4
..
83
102
100
97
0.2

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

38

38

..
100
100
3,214
7.9
6,078

..
100
100
3,559
7.7
7,109

39
–0.1
3.8
100
100
3,997
8.7
8,033

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

164.8
4.2
3.1
4
32
64
37
37
25
..
..

191.2
3.7
1.1
2
31
67
46
45
24
37.8
–2.0

413.5
1.8
2.4
2
31
67
59
54
23
37.4
–0.7

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
7.0
1.2
1
0.1
100.0
8

..
15.7
1.0
76
33.7
100.0
14

28
17.5
0.9
130
71.2
100.0
11

54.8
..
..
..
111
0.6
0.7
..

73.3
..
..
..
65
1.8
8.5
..

88.6
..
..
..
220
3.2
14.4
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

The Little Data Book

2010

29

Azerbaijan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
8.7
87
33.2
67.5

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

30

2010

The Little Data Book

1.1
49.6
3,830
7,770

1990

2000

2008

..
65
2.7
..
..
..
98
..
52
..
89
100
..

7.4
67
2.0
37
55
84
69
14.0
67
90
78
100
..

13.3
70
2.3
34
51
88
36
8.4
66
121
106
98
0.2

9.4

9.4

..
68
..
3,609
6.0
2,584

..
76
80
1,421
3.8
2,040

9.4
0.00
150.5
78
80
1,388
4.1
2,394

8.9
–0.7
83.5
29
33
38
44
39
27
..
..

5.3
11.1
12.5
17
45
38
39
38
21
17.6
–4.7

46.1
10.8
20.9
6
70
24
69
25
20
27.3
0.4

..
..
2.5
0
0.0
..
..

..
0.1
2.3
5
0.1
92.3
4

10
..
2.7
75
28.2
..
1

..
..
..
..
–151
..
3.9
0.3

55.3
..
1.3
5.8
–128
0.1
129.9
139.1

83.9
..
4.3
0.9
–100
1.6
14.8
235.1

Bahamas, The
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

338
14
7.1
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.2
..
21,390
..

1990

2000

2008

..
70
2.6
..
62
99
25
..
86
..
93
..
3.8

..
70
2.2
60
..
99
20
..
93
83
79
97
3.1

..
73
2.0
53
..
99
13
..
90
97
94
102
3.0

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

5.2

5.2

..
..
100
..
7.6
..

..
97
100
..
5.9
..

5.2
0.00
..
..
100
..
6.5
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.2
–1.6
5.1
3
16
81
54
56
29
15.7
–1.9

5.5
4.3
2.9
2
19
79
43
52
36
17.0
0.4

7.2
2.8
2.4
2
20
79
45
68
39
18.5
–1.7

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
0.8
1
0.0
52.0
..

..
..
0.5
10
4.3
57.4
7

31
..
0.8
106
31.5
..
0

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

88.1
..
..
..
0
..
–17.3
3.2

47.9
..
..
..
2
..
250.3
..

52.0
..
..
..
2
..
839.0
..

The Little Data Book

2010

31

Bahrain
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

776
710
19.7
25.9

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.1
..
25,420
33,430

1990

2000

2008

..
72
3.7
..
53
94
16
..
87
97
96
101
..

..
75
2.6
20
..
..
13
..
98
98
97
104
..

..
76
2.3
17
..
99
12
..
99
98
97
101
..

2.0

4.0

..
..
..
8,824
24.1
6,573

..
..
..
9,023
30.4
8,831

5.0
–5.5
8,935.0
..
..
11,551
28.6
14,153

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4.2
4.4
4.8
1
46
53
116
95
16
27.1
–2.3

8.0
5.3
14.3
..
..
..
89
64
10
32.9
8.5

21.9
6.3
11.5
..
..
..
97
74
33
32.2
6.4

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
5.1
1
0.0
75.4
..

..
83.1
4.0
32
6.2
77.6
0

9
96.7
2.7
186
51.9
..
0

176.7
..
..
..
18
..
–0.2
136.9

135.8
100
..
..
17
..
0.4
49.1

143.3
132
..
..
20
..
1.8
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

32

2010

The Little Data Book

Bangladesh
South Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
160
144
83.4
232.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.4
40.0
520
1,450

1990

2000

2008

10.0
54
4.4
..
40
..
149
64.3
65
..
20
..
..

9.3
61
3.0
105
54
12
91
48.2
76
59
44
..
..

9.4
66
2.3
70
56
18
54
41.3
89
58
44
106
..

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

8.8

8.8

..
78
26
110
0.1
44

..
79
32
132
0.2
95

8.7
0.1
75.6
80
36
163
0.3
144

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

30.1
5.9
6.3
30
21
48
6
14
17
..
..

47.1
5.9
1.9
26
25
49
14
19
23
9.8
–0.7

79.6
6.2
8.8
19
29
52
20
29
24
11.0
–1.0

..
1.1
1.1
0
0.0
7.2
0

..
2.5
1.4
0
0.1
9.5
0

44
8.4
1.1
28
0.3
..
1

17.6
117
12
25.8
–435
0.8
3.2
2.1

32.4
100
16
8.6
–550
2.0
280.4
1.2

49.3
58
24
3.9
–700
9.0
973.1
2.1

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

The Little Data Book

2010

33

Barbados
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

255
430
..
4.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.3
..
..
18,240

1990

2000

2008

..
74
1.7
..
55
..
18
..
87
..
83
..
0.5

..
75
1.5
43
55
98
15
..
94
..
..
..
1.2

..
77
1.5
43
..
100
11
..
92
..
..
..
1.2

Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

17

17

..
100
100
..
4.1
..

..
100
100
..
4.7
..

17
0.00
112.5
100
99
..
5.3
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.7
–4.8
5.5
7
20
73
49
52
19
..
..

2.6
2.3
0.8
4
16
79
50
57
19
..
..

3.7
..
..
4
18
78
60
64
22
37.1
–9.3

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
16.5
0.8
0
0.0
86.8
20

..
66.0
0.8
11
4.0
98.6
23

..
134.8
0.8
159
73.7
..
4

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

53.8
..
..
..
–5
38
11.2
2.6

55.8
100
..
..
–12
115
19.4
0.2

67.4
116
..
..
–3
168
233.2
4.8

34

2010

The Little Data Book

Belarus
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
9.7
208
51.9
117.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

–0.2
17.4
5,360
12,120

1990

2000

2008

10.5
71
1.9
..
..
..
24
..
94
94
98
..
..

8.5
69
1.3
29
..
100
18
..
98
102
87
102
0.2

8.8
71
1.4
21
73
100
13
1.3
99
96
95
101
0.2

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

75

78

..
100
..
4,155
9.6
4,381

..
100
92
2,468
5.9
2,989

79
–0.4
7.5
100
93
2,891
7.1
3,345

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

17.4
–1.2
103.6
24
47
29
46
44
27
31.5
–4.8

12.7
5.8
185.3
14
39
47
69
72
25
28.7
0.1

60.3
10.0
20.5
10
44
46
62
69
36
39.2
2.4

..
..
1.6
0
0.0
95.8
..

..
..
1.3
0
1.9
95.6
4

6
..
1.4
84
32.1
88.6
2

..
..
..
..
–33
..
0.0
..

125.4
..
2.1
4.8
0
139.2
0.1
..

120.0
..
12.3
3.1
20
442.8
2.2
110.2

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

35

Belgium
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

11
31
477.3
378.9

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)
1990

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.8
..
44,570
35,380

2000

2008

..
76
1.6
..
78
..
10
..
85
79
101
101
0.1

8.5
78
1.7
9
..
99
6
..
82
..
146
106
0.2

..
80
1.8
8
..
..
5
..
93
86
110
98
0.2

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

..

7

..
..
..
4,840
10.8
6,380

..
..
..
5,706
11.4
8,247

7
0.00
..
..
..
5,366
10.2
8,614

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

202.7
3.1
2.8
2
31
67
69
68
22
..
..

231.9
3.7
1.8
1
27
72
85
82
22
42.9
0.0

504.2
1.1
1.7
1
23
76
92
93
24
41.2
–1.1

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
32.3
2.3
0
0.0
81.2
..

..
78.7
1.4
55
29.3
78.2
10

4
33.2
1.1
110
68.1
78.2
8

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

117.1
..
..
..
52
3.6
8.0b
..

157.8
100
..
..
61
4.0
214.9
..

187.8
98
..
..
196
10.4
99.7
..

36

2010

The Little Data Book

Belize
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
322
23
1.2
1.9

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

3.3
..
3,740
5,940

1990

2000

2008

..
72
4.5
..
47
77
43
..
86
..
66
100
0.1

..
74
3.6
99
56
100
27
..
96
93
66
99
2.1

..
76
2.9
78
34
95
19
4.9
96
99
75
101
2.1

17

17

..
..
..
..
1.6
..

..
91
47
..
2.8
..

17
0.00
0.9
..
..
..
2.7
..

413
10.6
2.8
20
22
58
62
60
27
25.4
–0.6

832
13.0
0.5
17
21
62
53
74
29
..
..

1,359
3.8
2.6
12
23
65
62
70
25
..
..

..
..
1.2
0
0.0
..
0

..
..
0.9
7
6.0
17.0
0

44
..
1.0
50
10.6
..
0

83.3
..
0.1
6.8
–4
18
17.2
30

89.2
100
0.6
16.4
–1
26
23.3
15

86.1
80
1.0
10.5
–1
78
190.1
25

The Little Data Book

2010

37

Benin
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
8.7
113
6.0
12.7

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

3.2
39.0
700
1,470

1990

2000

2008

..
54
6.7
..
..
..
184
..
79
18
9
50
0.1

..
58
6.0
121
19
66
144
21.5
72
39
23
64
1.3

..
61
5.4
111
17
74
121
20.2
61
65
36
73
1.2

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

33

27

..
63
12
346
0.1
36

..
64
24
298
0.2
60

22
2.3
1.3
65
30
343
0.4
72

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.8
3.2
1.6
36
13
51
14
26
14
..
..

2.3
5.8
3.2
37
14
50
15
28
19
16.5
0.7

6.7
5.1
7.1
32
13
54
15
29
21
18.6
–0.3

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
1.8
0
0.0
20.0
..

..
..
0.6
1
0.2
20.0
0

31
..
1.0
40
1.8
..
0

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

30.0
107
1.3
8.2
–9
101
62.4
267

44.6
100
1.6
11.9
–29
87
59.7
241

45.5
69
1.0
4.2
99
271
120.0
641

38

2010

The Little Data Book

Bermuda
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

64
50
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.3
..
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
74
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
78
1.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
104
87
101
..

..
79
1.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
96
84
95
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

10

10

..
..
..
..
9.9
..

..
..
..
..
8.0
..

10
0.00
..
..
..
..
8.8
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.6
0.0
6.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

3.5
2.9
2.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

5.9
4.6
4.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
2
0.0
..
..

..
61.2
..
21
43.5
..
..

..
46.6
..
123
79.4
..
..

41.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
42.2

22.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

19.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

39

Bhutan
South Asia

Lower middle income

Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

687
38
1.3
3.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.6
..
1,900
4,820

1990

2000

2008

..
53
5.9
..
..
..
148
..
93
..
13
..
..

..
61
3.8
68
31
24
106
14.1
76
52
41
86
..

..
66
2.6
37
35
71
81
..
99
84
56
98
0.1

30

31

..
..
..
..
0.2
..

..
81
52
..
0.7
..

32
–0.3
0.4
81
52
..
0.6
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

281
9.1
6.4
36
24
40
29
33
32
18.1
–6.2

428
7.5
4.7
28
35
36
30
51
48
23.5
–2.5

1,283
13.8
3.7
19
46
35
56
51
47
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
77.1
..

..
11.0
..
0
0.4
..
0

46
..
..
37
6.6
..
0

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

53.7
..
84
..
2
..
1.6
46

65.0
..
204
..
0
..
–0.1
53

88.8
..
692
..
35
..
30.0
87

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

40

2010

The Little Data Book

Bolivia
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

9.7
1,099
14.1
40.1

Lower middle income
Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

1.8
37.7
1,460
4,140

1990

2000

2008

5.5
59
4.9
..
30
43
122
8.9
53
71
44
..
0.1

1.6
63
4.1
86
53
69
86
5.9
81
99
80
98
0.1

2.7
66
3.5
78
61
66
54
..
86
98
82
99
0.2

628

601

..
72
33
416
0.8
274

..
82
39
594
1.0
421

582
0.4
0.5
86
43
571
1.2
515

4.9
4.6
16.3
17
35
48
23
24
13
..
..

8.4
2.5
5.2
15
30
55
18
27
18
18.4
–8.7

16.7
6.1
10.4
13
38
48
45
38
18
23.3
1.2

..
..
2.7
0
0.0
4.3
7

..
20.7
1.9
7
1.4
6.6
40

50
16.0
1.5
50
10.8
..
4

33.1
102
4.3
38.6
–100
0.0
27.2
545

36.4
100
5.8
37.1
–100
0.1
736.4
482

68.1
144
5.5
11.3
–100
1.1
512.3
628

The Little Data Book

2010

41

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
3.8
51
17.1
31.5

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

42

2010

The Little Data Book

–0.1
19.5
4,520
8,360

1990

2000

2008

..
67
1.7
..
..
97
23
..
52
..
..
..
..

9.1
74
1.4
24
48
100
17
4.2
80
..
..
..
..

6.7
75
1.2
16
36
100
15
1.6
84
..
89
100
0.1

22

22

..
97
..
1,627
1.2
3,043

..
97
96
1,180
6.1
2,062

22
0.1
..
99
95
1,483
7.3
2,381

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

5,338
5.5
24.8
11
24
65
30
78
21
..
..

18,512
5.4
7.8
9
29
62
37
69
24
39.1
–1.5

..
..
..
0
0.0
54.0
..

..
..
3.6
3
1.1
52.3
..

60
..
1.4
84
34.7
52.3
4

..
..
..
..
–24
..
..
9.7

78.2
..
2.8
9.9
282
1.6
0.1
736.9

93.7
..
8.3
4.4
62
2.7
1.1
482.4

Botswana
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
1.9
582
12.8
25.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.5
..
6,640
13,310

1990

2000

2008

..
64
4.7
..
33
77
50
..
87
89
40
109
4.7

..
51
3.4
67
48
94
81
10.7
91
91
76
102
26.5

..
54
2.9
51
..
..
31
..
94
99
80
100
23.9

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

137

125

..
93
38
933
1.6
732

..
95
45
1,066
2.5
924

117
0.9
8.1
96
47
1,068
2.6
1,435

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.8
6.8
6.3
5
61
34
55
50
37
50.8
19.1

6.2
8.2
12.0
2
59
39
53
34
35
..
..

13.4
2.9
17.0
2
53
45
46
39
32
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
6.6
4.1
0
0.0
32.0
..

..
15.8
3.0
13
2.9
35.3
0

61
26.5
3.4
77
6.2
32.6
1

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

98.4
98
553
4.3
1
86
95.9
145

77.0
100
453
2.0
23
26
57.2
31

76.2
90
438
0.7
20
114
109.1
716

The Little Data Book

2010

43

Brazil
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

192
8,515
1,401.3
1,934.4

Upper middle income
Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

44

2010

The Little Data Book

1.0
21.5
7,300
10,080

1990

2000

2008

2.4
66
2.8
..
59
72
56
..
78
..
54
..
0.4

2.5
70
2.4
88
..
96
34
..
99
108
104
103
0.6

3.0
72
1.9
75
81
97
22
2.2
99
106
100
102
0.6

5,200

4,932

..
83
71
933
1.4
1,455

..
89
74
1,086
1.9
1,894

4,715
0.6
1.1
91
77
1,239
1.9
2,171

462.0
–4.3
2,735.5
8
39
53
8
7
20
..
..

644.7 1,575.2
4.3
5.1
6.2
5.9
6
7
28
28
67
65
10
14
12
14
18
19
..
24.7
..
–1.3

..
3.6
1.9
0
0.0
9.7
7

..
35.1
1.8
13
2.9
5.5
19

120
37.4
1.5
78
37.5
..
12

11.7
66
120
22.1
–92
0.6
1.0
151

17.7
100
242
93.5
–210
1.6
32.8
231

24.2
110
256
22.7
–229
5.1
45.1
460

Brunei Darussalam
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

392
5.8
10.2
19.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.9
..
27,050
50,820

1990

2000

2008

..
74
3.2
..
..
..
11
..
99
100
69
100
..

..
76
2.5
31
..
100
8
..
99
122
85
102
..

..
77
2.1
25
..
100
7
..
97
106
97
101
..

3.1

2.9

..
..
..
6,856
25.0
4,354

..
..
..
7,359
19.6
7,539

2.7
0.8
..
99
..
7,190
15.6
8,393

3.5
1.1
8.4
1
62
37
62
37
19
..
..

6.0
2.8
29.0
1
64
35
67
36
13
..
..

11.5
0.6
0.9
1
71
28
68
28
13
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
6.6
1
0.0
31.4
..

..
..
4.1
28
9.0
34.7
0

116
..
2.4
96
55.3
77.2
6

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

91.3
..
..
..
6
..
..
3.9

83.5
100
..
..
4
..
74.0
..

81.2
253
..
..
4
..
236.7
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book

2010

45

Bulgaria
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
7.6
111
41.8
86.7

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.5
12.8
5,490
11,370

1990

2000

2008

8.3
72
1.8
..
..
..
18
..
99
101
87
99
..

6.5
72
1.3
48
..
99
17
..
89
99
92
98
..

..
73
1.5
42
..
99
11
..
96
98
105
97
..

33

34

..
99
99
3,277
8.8
4,759

..
99
99
2,314
5.3
3,724

37
–0.7
50.0
99
99
2,641
6.2
4,456

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

20.7
–9.1
26.2
17
49
34
33
37
26
47.1
–5.0

12.6
5.4
6.7
14
31
55
56
61
18
33.7
–0.4

49.9
6.0
11.4
7
31
62
60
83
38
36.4
3.2

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
3.7
0
0.0
91.6
..

..
4.9
2.8
9
5.3
92.1
3

18
17.8
2.2
138
34.7
98.4
7

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

48.9
..
11
19.4
–186
..
0.0
..

90.4
..
11
17.7
–108
0.1
1.0
..

123.0
..
38
14.7
–41
2.6
9.2
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

46

2010

The Little Data Book

Burkina Faso
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
15
274
7.3
17.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

3.4
46.4
480
1,160

1990

2000

2008

..
47
6.8
..
..
..
201
..
79
19
6
62
1.9

5.9
50
6.3
138
13
31
188
33.7
51
25
10
70
2.1

..
53
5.9
129
17
54
169
37.4
75
38
18
84
1.6

72

69

..
34
5
..
0.1
..

..
56
9
..
0.1
..

67
0.3
6.4
72
13
..
0.1
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.1
–0.6
1.8
29
21
50
11
24
19
..
..

2.6
1.8
–1.7
29
24
47
9
25
17
..
..

7.9
4.5
5.1
33
22
44
12
27
18
13.6
–4.2

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
2.3
0
0.0
16.6
..

..
..
1.2
0
0.1
16.0
3

14
..
1.8
17
0.9
..
22

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

22.2
119
0.8
6.8
–128
140
0.5
327

31.4
100
1.4
14.9
–121
67
23.2
338

30.4
72
1.7
..
100
50
137.0
998

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

47

Burundi
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
8.1
28
1.1
3.1

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

3.0
..
140
380

1990

2000

2008

7.9
46
6.6
..
..
..
189
..
74
41
5
82
1.7

5.1
47
5.8
34
16
25
178
38.9
76
25
..
..
3.8

9.0
50
4.6
19
9
34
168
..
84
45
18
91
2.0

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2.9

2.0

..
70
44
..
0.05
..

..
71
42
..
0.05
..

1.3
4.4
2.9
71
41
..
0.03
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.1
3.5
6.0
56
19
25
8
28
15
18.2
–2.3

0.7
–0.9
13.2
40
19
41
8
20
6
15.8
–2.4

1.2
4.5
24.5
35
20
45
11
47
16
..
..

..
..
3.5
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
6.0
0
0.1
7.1
0

32
..
3.8
6
0.8
..
8

27.0
128
0.9
43.4
–3
..
1.3
263

27.9
100
1.1
39.4
–400
..
11.7
93

39.5
140
1.4
28.1
192
3.6
3.8
509

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

48

2010

The Little Data Book

Cambodia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
15
181
9.2
27.2

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1990

2000

2008

..
55
5.8
..
..
..
117
..
34
..
30
73
0.7

..
57
3.9
52
24
32
106
39.5
65
47
18
82
1.6

6.5
61
2.9
39
40
44
90
28.8
89
79
40
90
0.8

129

115

..
19
8
..
0.05
..

..
38
16
312
0.18
29

100
1.5
3.4
65
28
358
0.29
94

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

3,654
8.8
–3.2
38
23
39
50
62
18
10.3
–3.4

10,354
6.7
12.3
35
24
41
65
73
21
9.8
–1.7

..
..
..
0
0.0
7.5
..

..
..
2.2
1
0.0
..
0

85
..
1.1
29
0.5
..
..

..
..
1.8
4.0
150
9.0
33.0
41

91.1
100
2.6
1.6
80
120.5
148.5
396

104.3
78
4.2
0.6
10
325.2
815.2
743

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

1.6
30.1
640
1,870

The Little Data Book

2010

49

Cameroon
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
19
475
21.9
41.5

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.3
39.9
1,150
2,170

1990

2000

2008

..
55
5.9
..
16
58
149
18.0
56
54
25
83
0.8

5.6
51
5.0
140
26
60
147
17.8
49
50
27
85
6.2

..
51
4.6
126
29
63
131
16.6
80
73
37
84
5.1

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

245

223

..
49
39
407
0.1
192

..
63
47
396
0.2
171

208
1.0
0.4
70
51
391
0.2
265

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

11.2
–6.1
1.6
25
29
46
20
17
18
14.3
–5.6

10.1
4.2
2.8
22
36
42
23
20
17
14.1
0.1

23.4
3.9
1.7
19
31
50
30
29
18
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
1.5
0
0.0
10.5
3

..
..
1.3
1
0.3
8.1
1

34
..
1.5
32
3.8
..
3

30.5
81
6.6
20.4
25
23
–112.8
444

33.0
100
10.3
21.4
0
30
158.8
377

37.2
138
2.8
10.0
–12
145
38.2
525

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

50

2010

The Little Data Book

Canada
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

33
9,985
1,453.8
1,289.5

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.0
..
43,640
38,710

1990

2000

2008

..
77
1.8
..
..
..
8
..
89
..
100
99
0.2

7.2
79
1.5
18
..
98
6
..
95
..
107
100
0.3

..
81
1.6
13
..
..
6
..
94
96
101
99
0.4

3,101

3,101

..
100
100
7,509
16.2
16,109

..
100
100
8,163
17.5
16,991

3,101
0.00
1.6
100
100
8,169
16.7
16,995

582.7
0.2
3.2
3
31
66
26
26
21
21.2
–4.5

724.9 1,501.3
5.2
0.4
4.1
3.9
2
..
33
..
65
..
46
35
40
33
20
23
20.9
19.6
1.4
1.6

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
41.5
2.0
2
0.4
35.0
14

..
116.1
1.1
28
42.2
..
19

5
66.8
1.3
66
75.3
..
14

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

43.1
103
..
..
1
..
7.6
..

71.9
100
..
..
1
..
66.1
..

58.3
121
..
..
1
..
45.4
..

The Little Data Book

2010

51

Cape Verde
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
499
4.0
1.4
1.5

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.4
..
2,800
3,090

1990

2000

2008

..
66
5.3
..
..
..
63
..
79
54
20
..
..

4.5
69
3.7
105
53
89
41
..
78
103
65
99
..

..
71
2.7
93
61
78
29
..
96
92
..
..
..

578

821

..
..
..
..
0.2
..

..
80
41
..
0.4
..

845
–2.3
..
..
..
..
0.6
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

339
0.7
2.3
14
21
64
13
44
23
..
..

531
6.6
–1.2
12
18
70
28
61
20
..
..

1,592
2.8
6.5
9
18
73
22
59
47
32.9
2.4

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
1.7
0
0.0
78.0
..

..
..
1.3
4
1.8
69.0
1

24
..
0.6
56
20.6
..
0

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

41.9
100
134
4.8
–17
59
0.3
105

45.4
100
317
6.7
–12
87
33.4
94

53.8
108
625
3.5
–13
155
211.3
219

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

52

2010

The Little Data Book

Cayman Islands
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

54
260
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.3
..
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
102
96
99
..

..
..
..
..
..
100
..
..
..
89
88
91
..

124

124

..
..
..
..
9.6
..

..
..
..
..
11.3
..

124
0.00
..
..
..
..
9.8
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
..
27
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
42.4
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
3.0

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book

2010

53

Central African Republic
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
4.3
623
1.8
3.2

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

54

2010

The Little Data Book

1.9
..
410
730

1990

2000

2008

..
49
5.8
..
..
..
178
..
82
29
11
61
1.8

..
46
5.4
128
28
44
181
21.8
36
..
12
..
6.4

..
47
4.8
104
19
53
173
..
62
33
..
..
6.3

232

229

..
58
11
..
0.1
..

..
63
22
..
0.1
..

227
0.1
0.0
66
31
..
0.1
..

1.5
–2.1
2.3
48
20
33
15
28
12
..
..

1.0
2.3
3.2
53
16
31
20
24
10
..
..

2.0
2.2
6.2
53
14
33
11
23
12
..
..

..
..
1.5
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
1.0
0
0.1
2.7
0

22
..
1.6
4
0.4
..
0

18.4
238
699
13.2
–41
0.1
0.7
249

29.0
100
858
..
11
..
0.9
75

24.9
73
949
..
–45
..
121.0
256

Chad
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
11
1,284
5.9
11.7

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.7
..
540
1,070

1990

2000

2008

..
51
6.7
..
..
..
201
..
32
16
6
42
0.7

..
49
6.6
191
8
16
205
29.4
28
22
11
56
3.3

..
49
6.2
162
..
..
209
..
23
31
19
64
3.5

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

131

123

..
..
5
..
0.02
..

..
34
7
..
0.02
..

118
0.6
1.5
48
9
..
0.04
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.7
–4.2
8.0
29
18
53
13
28
7
..
..

1.4
–0.9
5.3
42
11
46
17
35
23
..
..

8.4
–0.2
11.7
14
49
38
54
50
15
..
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
0.8
..

..
..
1.9
0
0.0
0.8
..

75
..
1.0
17
1.2
..
..

27.2
..
0.5
4.3
1
0.2
9.4
311

36.1
..
1.1
..
69
..
114.8
130

77.4
..
1.7
..
219
..
834.0
416

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

55

Channel Islands
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

150
190
10.2
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.2
..
68,610
..

1990

2000

2008

..
76
1.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
78
1.4
13
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
79
1.4
10
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

8.0

8.0

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

8.0
0.00
..
..
..
..
..
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

6,440
5.8
3.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

11,515
5.9
3.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

..
..
..
..
6
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
3
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
2
..
..
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

56

2010

The Little Data Book

Chile
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

17
756
157.5
222.6

Upper middle income
Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.0
..
9,370
13,250

1990

2000

2008

3.4
74
2.6
..
56
..
22
..
97
..
74
100
0.1

3.5
77
2.1
64
..
100
11
..
97
98
83
100
0.3

4.1
79
1.9
59
58
100
9
0.5
92
96
94
99
0.3

153

158

..
91
84
1,048
2.7
1,246

..
93
91
1,700
3.9
2,487

162
–0.4
1.4
95
94
1,851
3.6
3,318

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

31.6
3.7
22.5
9
41
50
34
31
25
..
..

75.2
4.5
4.6
6
38
55
32
30
22
21.6
–0.7

169.5
3.2
0.2
4
44
52
45
41
25
26.0
4.8

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
43.1
4.2
0
0.0
13.8
5

..
80.3
3.7
22
16.6
18.4
3

27
78.1
3.5
88
32.5
..
6

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

51.1
114
19
25.9
–40
0.4
0.7
104

50.1
100
37
24.8
60
13.3
4.9
49

76.5
165
64
18.2
30
2.5
16.8
73

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

57

China
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
1,325
9,598
3,888.1
7,966.7

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)
1990

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)c
Total fertility (births per woman)c
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)c
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)c
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

58

2010

The Little Data Book

0.5
2.8
2,940
6,010

2000

2008

..
68
2.3
..
85
50
46
..
98
102
38
86
..

..
71
1.8
10
87
97
36
6.8
85
..
61
99
0.1

5.7
73
1.8
10
85
98
21
..
94
99
74
103
0.1

1,571

1,770

..
67
48
760
2.1
511

..
80
59
865
2.7
993

2,054
–1.6
22.4
88
65
1,484
4.7
2,332

356.9 1,198.5 4,327.0
3.8
8.4
9.0
5.8
2.1
7.2
27
15
11
41
46
49
32
39
40
19
23
37
16
21
28
36
35
44
6.3
7.1
10.3
..
–2.6
–1.4
..
0.5
2.7
0
0.0
..
6
32.3
102
55
11.7
–368
0.2
3.5
2.0

..
48.5
1.8d
7
1.8
..
19
39.6
100
146
9.3
–786
5.2
38.4
1.7

37
64.6
2.0d
48
22.5
49.6
29
59.2
74
378
2.0
–2,058
48.5
147.8
1.5

Colombia
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

45
1,142
207.9
379.6

Upper middle income
Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.5
45.1
4,620
8,430

1990

2000

2008

3.4
68
3.1
..
66
82
35
..
82
71
50
108
0.1

2.6
71
2.6
94
77
86
26
4.9
80
95
72
104
0.5

2.3
73
2.4
74
78
96
20
5.1
92
110
91
104
0.6

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

614

610

..
89
68
730
1.7
869

..
91
74
673
1.5
844

606
0.1
0.5
93
78
655
1.5
977

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

40.3
6.0
26.1
17
38
45
21
15
19
..
..

94.1
2.9
25.9
10
30
60
17
19
16
16.1
–6.2

243.8
2.5
8.3
9
36
55
18
22
25
23.5
–2.1

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
3.5
2.6
0
0.0
11.9
5

..
10.2
3.0
6
2.2
14.4
8

20
35.7
3.7
92
38.5
..
4

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

30.7
81
17
40.9
–245
0.5
0.5
89

26.1
100
34
27.7
–150
1.6
2.4
186

31.7
138
47
16.2
–120
4.9
10.6
972

The Little Data Book

2010

59

Comoros
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Low income
644
1.9
483
754

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.4
..
750
1,170

1990

2000

2008

..
56
5.5
..
..
..
128
..
87
..
18
71
0.1

..
62
4.3
53
26
62
114
25.0
70
64
29
84
0.1

..
65
4.0
45
..
..
105
..
76
69
46
84
0.1

120

80

..
93
18
..
0.2
..

..
88
29
..
0.2
..

44
5.7
0.8
85
35
..
0.1
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

250
5.1
2.2
41
8
50
14
37
20
..
..

202
0.9
3.8
49
12
40
17
33
10
..
..

530
1.0
5.5
46
12
42
13
37
16
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
69.3
..

..
..
..
0
0.3
76.5
0

24
..
..
15
3.6
..
1

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

28.0
..
188
2.3
–5
9.9
0.4
45

28.2
100
237
..
–6
12.0
0.1
19

38.7
69
281
..
–10
12.0
8.0
37

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

60

2010

The Little Data Book

Congo, Dem. Rep.
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
64
2,345
9.8
18.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1990

2000

2008

..
48
7.1
..
8
..
199
..
38
48
21
..
..

..
46
6.9
236
31
61
199
33.6
46
37
22
73
..

5.5
48
6.0
198
21
74
199
28.2
67
53
35
76
..

1,405

1,352

..
43
15
319
0.11
122

..
45
25
288
0.03
89

1,330
0.3
0.0
46
31
289
0.04
97

9.3
–6.6
109.0
31
29
40
30
29
9
1.0
–0.7

4.3
–6.9
515.8
50
20
30
22
21
3
3.7
–4.0

11.7
6.2
19.4
40
28
32
23
39
24
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
1.0
..
..
..
..

149
..
1.4
..
..
..
..

43.5
86
10
..
123
..
0.0
0.9

35.3
100
12
..
–1,379
..
0.2
0.2

69.0
147
12
..
–237
..
1.0
1.6

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

2.7
71.3
150
280

The Little Data Book

2010

61

Congo, Rep.
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
3.6
342
6.5
10.1

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.8
42.3
1,790
2,810

1990

2000

2008

..
59
5.4
..
..
..
104
..
75
59
47
86
5.1

..
54
4.8
128
..
..
116
..
34
55
35
86
4.6

5.0
54
4.4
111
44
83
127
11.8
79
73
..
..
3.5

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

227

226

..
..
..
326
0.5
168

..
70
20
279
0.3
99

224
0.1
0.0
71
20
357
0.4
135

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.8
1.0
–1.0
13
41
46
54
46
16
..
..

3.2
7.6
47.0
5
72
23
80
44
23
32.3
–1.3

10.7
5.6
24.1
4
75
21
79
51
21
39.9
9.6

..
..
..
0
0.0
9.7
..

..
..
1.4
2
0.0
9.7
..

37
..
1.3
50
4.3
..
..

57.2
63
4.9
34.6
2
4.4
0.0
217

91.7
100
4.8
1.7
–91
10.4
0.2
32

111.0
212
5.5
1.0
4
14.8
2.6
505

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

62

2010

The Little Data Book

Costa Rica
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
4.5
51
27.4
49.5

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.3
23.9
6,060
10,960

1990

2000

2008

4.0
76
3.2
..
..
98
22
..
90
74
43
101
0.1

4.1
78
2.4
82
80
98
13
..
82
87
61
101
0.2

4.4
79
2.0
67
96
..
11
..
91
93
89
102
0.4

26

24

..
..
94
643
1.0
1,086

..
97
96
809
1.4
1,517

24
0.4
2.4
98
96
1,070
1.8
1,863

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

7.4
3.9
17.1
12
30
58
30
36
18
..
..

15.9
1.8
7.0
9
32
58
49
46
17
..
..

29.7
2.6
12.1
7
29
64
46
55
26
25.3
–0.8

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
5.5
..
0
0.0
15.3
..

..
18.3
..
5
5.8
22.0
52

60
6.4
..
42
32.3
25.5
39

46.4
75
3.7
24.1
25
12
0.2
227.0

76.7
100
4.6
8.0
128
136
0.4
9.6

84.4
82
8.8
10.5
84
605
2.0
66.1

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

63

Côte d’Ivoire
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
21
322
20.3
32.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.3
..
980
1,580

1990

2000

2008

6.7
58
6.3
..
..
..
150
..
56
41
20
65
2.2

5.0
56
5.2
136
15
63
138
18.2
73
42
23
69
6.3

..
57
4.6
128
13
57
114
16.7
63
48
..
..
3.9

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

102

103

..
67
20
343
0.5
152

..
75
22
390
0.4
166

104
–0.1
1.2
81
24
496
0.3
178

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

10.8
–1.1
–4.5
32
23
44
32
27
7
..
..

10.4
–3.7
–0.4
24
25
51
40
33
11
..
..

23.4
2.2
8.1
25
26
49
47
39
10
18.9
–0.3

..
5.1
1.3
0
0.0
8.7
..

..
11.4
..
3
0.2
9.7
2

40
30.2
1.5
51
3.2
..
16

47.9
143
17
35.4
325
44
48.1
686

64.1
100
12
22.6
175
119
234.7
351

73.7
139
13
9.2
–339
195
402.4
617

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

64

2010

The Little Data Book

Croatia
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

4.4
57
60.2
75.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.0
11.1
13,580
17,050

1990

2000

2008

10.5
72
1.6
..
..
100
13
..
90
..
..
..
..

8.3
73
1.4
16
69
100
8
..
93
92
85
101
..

8.8
76
1.5
14
..
100
6
..
96
102
94
102
0.1

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

21

21

..
99
99
1,884
3.8
2,991

..
99
99
1,760
4.6
2,840

21
–0.1
..
99
99
2,101
5.3
3,738

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

18.2
–21.1
99.3
11
36
53
78
86
14
33.0
–4.6

21.3
3.0
4.5
8
28
63
42
45
19
36.0
–5.3

69.3
2.4
6.4
6
28
65
42
50
31
35.9
–1.1

..
..
7.6
0
0.0
..
5

..
12.8
3.1
23
6.8
85.4
8

22
38.6
1.8
133
50.5
89.1
9

88.8
..
..
..
7
..
..
0.0

57.7
..
..
..
–160
0.6
1.1
65.5

64.7
..
..
..
–13
1.6
4.8
397.5

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

65

Cuba
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
11
111
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

66

2010

The Little Data Book

0.0
..
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
75
1.8
..
..
..
14
..
94
96
95
106
..

..
77
1.6
59
73
100
9
..
94
104
79
100
0.1

..
79
1.5
45
77
100
6
..
99
90
91
99
0.1

21

24

..
..
98
1,558
3.1
1,214

..
91
98
1,018
2.3
1,142

28
–1.9
21.5
91
98
884
2.6
1,309

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
5.6
21.3
6
47
46
16
19
9
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
50.5
..

..
..
..
0
0.5
49.0
21

..
..
..
3
12.9
..
35

..
..
..
..
–67
..
..
52

..
100
..
..
–164
..
..
44

..
111
..
..
–163
..
..
127

Cyprus
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

862
9.3
21.4
19.8

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.0
..
26,940
24,980

1990

2000

2008

..
77
2.4
..
..
..
11
..
77
83
71
100
..

..
78
1.7
11
..
..
7
..
86
98
92
102
..

..
80
1.5
6
..
..
4
..
87
100
98
101
..

1.6

1.7

..
100
100
2,000
6.8
2,737

..
100
100
2,717
8.7
4,045

1.8
–0.5
31.6
100
100
2,854
9.2
5,441

5.6
7.4
5.4
7
26
67
52
57
27
..
..

9.3
5.0
3.8
4
19
77
55
55
18
27.8
–5.5

24.9
3.6
4.8
2
20
78
47
58
24
64.2
0.8

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
22.4
12.6
0
0.0
59.6
6

..
46.7
5.2
28
15.3
60.6
2

8
31.9
3.7
118
38.8
64.0
32

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

63.0
..
..
..
–2
79
0.1
38.4

51.5
..
..
..
29
64
0.9
..

49.1
..
..
..
29
279
3.9
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book

2010

67

Czech Republic
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

10
79
173.6
238.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.9
..
16,650
22,890

1990

2000

2008

11.9
71
1.9
..
78
..
12
..
..
..
93
98
..

..
75
1.1
15
..
100
6
2.1
98
100
88
101
..

..
77
1.5
11
..
100
4
..
97
94
95
101
..

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

..

26

..
100
100
4,705
12.7
5,584

..
100
99
3,918
11.4
5,694

27
–0.1
19.6
100
99
4,428
11.2
6,496

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

34.9
–11.6
36.2
6
49
45
45
43
25
..
..

56.7
3.6
1.5
4
38
58
63
66
29
30.5
–3.6

215.5
2.5
1.8
3
38
60
77
73
25
31.4
–1.5

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
100.0
..

..
19.4
2.0
42
9.7
100.0
8

15
22.7
1.5
132
57.8
..
14

83.6
..
..
..
–22
..
..
..

107.7
..
..
..
12
0.3
5.0
..

134.0
..
..
..
67
1.4
10.9
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

68

2010

The Little Data Book

Denmark
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

5.5
4.3
323.0
206.2

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.6
..
58,800
37,530

1990

2000

2008

..
75
1.7
..
78
..
9
..
84
95
109
101
0.1

..
77
1.8
7
..
..
6
..
99
101
127
102
0.1

..
79
1.9
6
..
..
4
..
89
101
119
102
0.2

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

4.5

4.9

..
100
100
3,374
9.8
5,945

..
100
100
3,482
8.8
6,484

5.1
–0.8
21.2
100
100
3,598
9.9
6,670

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

135.8
1.5
3.0
4
26
70
37
33
20
..
..

160.1
3.5
3.0
3
27
71
47
41
21
36.5
1.7

341.3
–1.1
4.3
1
26
73
55
52
22
40.6
4.8

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
28.8
2.0
3
0.1
100.0
15

..
67.3
1.5
63
39.2
100.0
21

6
38.5
1.3
125
83.3
100.0
16

51.7
102
..
..
30
464
1.1
..

60.5
100
..
..
73
667
36.0
..

67.2
100
..
..
46
890
3.1
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

The Little Data Book

2010

69

Djibouti
Middle East & North Africa
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
849
23
957
2.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.8
..
1,130
2,320

1990

2000

2008

..
51
6.2
..
..
..
123
..
85
32
11
70
0.2

6.0
54
4.8
30
9
..
106
25.4
50
28
14
71
3.0

..
55
3.9
23
23
93
95
..
73
41
29
80
3.1

56

56

..
76
..
..
0.7
..

..
83
65
..
0.6
..

56
0.00
6.3
92
67
..
0.6
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

452
–4.3
6.8
3
22
75
54
78
14
..
..

551
0.4
2.4
4
15
81
35
50
9
..
..

875
3.9
3.1
4
17
79
59
80
39
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
6.9
0
0.0
12.6
..

..
..
4.7
0
0.2
45.0
..

37
..
4.1
13
2.3
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

53.1
..
155
4.0
90
13
2.3
194

43.2
100
258
6.1
30
12
3.3
71

74.2
80
685
6.3
0
30
253.0
121

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

70

2010

The Little Data Book

Dominica
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Upper middle income
73
750
348
608

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.5
..
4,750
8,300

1990

2000

2008

..
73
2.7
..
..
..
18
..
88
..
..
..
..

..
76
1.9
..
50
100
16
..
99
94
95
103
..

..
..
..
..
..
94
11
..
99
81
105
101
..

500

473

..
..
..
..
0.8
..

..
97
83
..
1.4
..

455
0.6
..
..
..
..
1.6
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

166
5.3
3.0
25
19
56
55
81
41
..
..

271
0.7
0.6
18
23
58
53
68
28
..
..

357
4.3
0.5
17
24
59
40
70
33
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
45.6
..

..
..
..
2
8.4
50.4
7

14
..
..
137
37.6
..
0

104.0
..
88
5.6
..
13.9
12.9
20

74.1
..
165
6.7
..
16.3
17.6
15

75.3
..
303
11.5
..
4.6
52.1
22

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

71

Dominican Republic
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
10.9
49
43.1
77.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.4
48.5
4,330
7,800

1990

2000

2008

4.3
68
3.5
..
56
93
62
8.4
70
..
63
..
0.6

3.5
71
2.9
110
65
98
39
3.5
84
75
58
104
1.3

4.4
73
2.6
108
73
98
33
3.4
79
91
75
103
1.1

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

14

14

..
84
68
556
1.3
379

..
92
74
875
2.3
709

14
0.00
16.1
95
79
804
2.1
1,378

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

7.1
–5.5
50.5
13
31
55
34
44
25
..
..

24.0
5.7
6.9
7
36
57
37
46
23
..
..

45.5
5.3
9.8
7
33
60
26
39
18
17.6
0.3

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
0.6
0
0.0
44.7
..

..
..
0.7
8
3.7
49.4
1

19
..
0.6
72
21.6
..
8

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

73.2
96
4.4
10.4
–117
0.3
0.1
102

63.4
100
4.5
4.8
–139
1.8
1.0
56

51.2
94
10.5
8.6
–148
3.6
2.9
153

72

2010

The Little Data Book

Ecuador
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

13
284
49.8
104.9

Lower middle income
Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.0
38.3
3,690
7,780

1990

2000

2008

..
69
3.7
..
53
..
53
..
60
..
57
..
0.1

3.1
73
3.0
85
66
99
34
..
72
98
57
100
0.3

3.4
75
2.6
83
..
..
25
..
66
106
70
100
0.3

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

138

118

..
73
71
583
1.6
478

..
88
80
655
1.7
654

105
1.6
3.9
95
84
885
2.4
788

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

10.4
2.7
5.9
..
..
..
33
32
21
14.4
2.9

15.9
2.8
–7.0
..
..
..
37
31
20
..
..

54.7
6.5
12.1
7
41
53
38
38
28
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
0.6
2.0
0
0.0
13.4
0

..
4.4
1.7
4
1.5
18.9
6

64
8.3
2.8
86
28.8
14.8
5

44.2
114
12
32.5
0
0.1
126.0
159

54.2
100
13
25.8
–300
1.3
720.0
146

68.0
124
17
18.7
–400
2.8
993.2
231

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

73

Egypt, Arab Rep.
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

82
1,001
146.8
446.0

Lower middle income
Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.8
16.7
1,800
5,470

1990

2000

2008

8.6
63
4.6
..
47
37
90
11.6
86
..
70
81
..

9.0
68
3.3
51
56
61
47
4.3
98
88
76
93
..

9.0
70
2.9
38
60
79
23
6.8
92
95
..
..
..

440

590

..
94
50
551
1.3
658

..
97
61
644
2.0
958

702
–2.8
3,794.4
98
66
840
2.1
1,384

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

43.1
5.7
18.4
19
29
52
20
33
29
23.0
–2.0

99.8
5.4
4.9
17
33
50
16
23
20
24.3
–6.7

162.3
7.2
11.8
13
38
49
33
39
22
27.7
–6.4

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
4.1
4.7
0
0.0
72.0
..

..
28.8
3.2
2
0.6
78.1
0

7
52.9
2.3
51
16.6
..
1

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

36.8
101
33
20.4
–574
4.3
0.7
5.4

19.9
100
29
8.5
–536
2.9
1.2
1.3

45.5
144
33
4.7
–291
8.7
9.5
1.3

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

74

2010

The Little Data Book

El Salvador
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
6.1
21
21.2
40.7

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.4
30.7
3,460
6,630

1990

2000

2008

2.4
66
4.0
..
47
52
62
11.1
98
65
38
101
0.1

2.8
70
2.9
102
60
..
33
..
97
88
57
95
0.7

4.3
71
2.3
82
73
..
18
..
95
89
64
98
0.8

3.8

3.2

..
69
73
463
0.5
353

..
79
82
667
1.0
680

2.9
1.5
7.2
84
86
800
1.1
939

4.8
4.8
4.7
17
27
55
19
31
14
..
..

13.1
2.2
3.2
10
32
58
27
42
17
16.0
–4.7

22.1
2.5
5.9
13
28
58
28
50
15
19.9
0.3

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
2.3
0
0.0
14.4
..

..
15.5
0.9
13
1.2
19.8
3

17
21.1
0.5
113
10.6
..
4

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

38.4
84
2.1
15.3
–288
0.4
1.9
347

60.1
100
4.5
6.6
–384
1.8
173.4
180

64.7
91
10.1
9.9
–340
3.8
784.2
233

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book

2010

75

Equatorial Guinea
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

659
28
9.9
14.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

76

2010

The Little Data Book

2.6
..
14,980
21,720

1990

2000

2008

..
47
5.9
..
..
..
198
..
88
..
..
..
1.0

..
49
5.8
131
..
65
168
15.7
51
42
30
86
3.6

..
50
5.3
122
..
..
148
..
51
52
..
..
3.4

19

17

..
43
51
..
0.3
..

..
43
51
..
0.5
..

16
0.9
0.4
43
51
..
7.0
..

132
3.3
–2.5
62
11
28
32
70
17
..
..

1,254
13.5
46.6
10
86
4
99
85
61
..
..

18,525
11.3
23.7
2
96
2
78
32
27
..
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
..
1
0.1
..
..

136
..
..
52
1.8
..
..

95.3
38
..
..
15
1.3
11.1
60

123.4
100
..
..
15
..
..
21

118.7
230
..
..
15
..
..
38

Eritrea
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
4.9
118
1.5
3.1

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

3.0
..
300
640

1990

2000

2008

..
48
6.2
..
..
..
150
..
..
..
..
..
0.1

..
56
5.4
89
8
28
89
34.5
86
36
25
77
1.2

..
59
4.6
66
..
..
58
..
95
47
30
77
1.3

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

..

16

..
43
3
276
..
..

..
54
4
194
0.2
..

15
0.2
20.8
60
5
151
0.1
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

477
..
..
31
12
57
11
45
8
..
..

634
–13.1
25.0
15
23
62
15
82
24
..
..

1,654
2.0
18.0
24
19
56
6
34
11
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
19.4
..

..
..
36.4
0
0.1
21.8
0

84
..
..
2
4.1
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

77.0
..
..
..
–4
..
..
..

80.2
100
299.9
2.8
–9
3.3
27.9
175.8

33.3
90
962.0
..
229
..
36.0
143.1

The Little Data Book

2010

77

Estonia
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

1.3
45
19.5
25.9

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.1
..
14,570
19,320

1990

2000

2008

10.0
69
2.0
..
..
..
18
..
..
..
104
103
..

6.6
71
1.3
26
..
100
11
..
93
91
92
100
0.2

..
74
1.7
21
..
100
6
..
95
100
100
101
1.3

22

22

..
100
95
6,099
16.3
5,891

..
100
95
3,290
11.7
4,629

23
–0.4
1.2
100
95
4,198
13.0
6,273

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.0
–7.1
33.7
17
50
34
60
54
30
..
..

5.7
10.0
4.5
5
28
68
85
88
28
31.0
0.2

23.4
–3.6
6.7
3
29
68
76
80
30
31.9
3.1

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
0.5
0
0.0
51.8
..

..
32.5
1.4
41
28.6
20.1
36

7
8.3
2.2
188
66.2
28.8
10

..
..
..
..
15
..
0.1
..

156.5
..
..
..
–37
4.1
0.4
..

121.1
..
..
..
1
397.9
1.9
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

78

2010

The Little Data Book

Ethiopia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
81
1,104
22.4
70.2

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.6
44.2
280
870

1990

2000

2008

..
47
7.1
..
4
..
210
..
38
..
13
68
0.7

9.2
51
6.2
109
8
6
148
42.0
52
23
14
65
2.4

9.3
55
5.3
102
15
6
109
34.6
74
52
33
85
2.1

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

..

137

..
13
4
308
0.1
22

..
29
7
285
0.1
23

127
0.9
4.6
42
11
290
0.1
40

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

12.1
2.7
3.3
54
11
35
6
9
13
..
..

8.2
6.1
6.9
50
12
38
12
24
20
14.3
–7.6

25.6
11.3
28.4
44
13
42
12
31
20
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
6.5
0
0.0
15.0
..

..
..
7.6
0
0.0
12.0
0

9
..
1.5
2
0.4
12.8
6

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

11.4
..
8.6
39.0
780
5.2
12.0
1.0

21.4
100
5.5
13.0
–277
53.2
134.6
0.7

35.6
111
2.9
2.8
–340
386.7
108.5
3.3

The Little Data Book

2010

79

Faeroe Islands
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

49
1.4
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.3
..
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
79
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

1.0

1.0

..
..
..
..
13.1
..

..
..
..
..
14.3
..

1.0
0.00
..
..
..
..
14.0
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

1,060
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

1,974
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
..
..
..
0

..
..
..
..
..
..
0

..
..
..
..
..
..
1

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

95.0
..
..
..
..
43.0
..
..

73.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

80

2010

The Little Data Book

Fiji
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
844
18
3.4
3.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.6
..
4,010
4,320

1990

2000

2008

..
67
3.4
..
..
98
22
..
84
..
51
98
..

..
67
3.1
47
44
99
18
..
85
100
80
103
0.1

..
69
2.7
31
43
..
18
..
94
92
81
103
0.1

9.8

10.0

..
48
68
..
1.1
..

..
47
70
..
1.1
..

10.0
–0.1
0.2
47
71
..
1.9
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.3
5.8
6.7
20
24
56
62
67
14
26.8
0.9

1.7
–1.7
–4.7
17
22
61
65
70
17
..
..

3.6
0.2
5.1
15
25
60
56
73
17
24.9
–2.9

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
2.3
0
0.0
44.5
12

..
14.5
1.9
7
1.5
49.2
0

46
15.8
1.3
71
12.2
..
4

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

93.6
142
308
9.1
–70
22
91.9
50

84.0
100
173
2.3
–42
44
–1.7
29

89.1
95
379
0.8
–42
121
320.4
45

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

81

Finland
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

5.3
338
252.9
191.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.5
..
47,600
35,940

1990

2000

2008

..
75
1.8
..
77
..
7
..
97
102
114
109
..

9.6
78
1.7
11
..
100
4
..
96
97
124
105
0.1

..
80
1.8
11
..
..
3
..
97
98
111
102
0.1

222

225

..
100
100
5,692
10.2
12,487

..
100
100
6,203
10.1
15,286

225
–0.1
2.3
100
100
6,895
12.7
17,162

139.6
0.1
5.8
6
33
60
23
24
29
..
..

121.8
5.1
2.6
4
34
63
44
34
20
41.0
6.7

272.7
0.9
2.7
3
32
65
44
40
21
38.7
5.5

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
16.3
1.5
5
0.4
61.0
8

..
241.1
1.3
72
37.2
62.0
27

14
56.6
1.3
129
82.5
65.4
21

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

38.4
111
..
..
16
63
0.8
..

66.1
100
..
..
20
473
9.1
..

68.9
81
..
..
33
828
–7.8
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

82

2010

The Little Data Book

France
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

62e
549
2,695.6
2,135.8

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)e
Total fertility (births per woman)e
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)e
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)e
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

0.5
..
42,000
33,280

1990

2000

2008

..
77
1.8
..
81
..
9
..
71
99
95
102
0.1

..
79
1.9
8
..
..
5
..
84
98
109
100
0.3

..
82
2.0
7
..
..
4
..
87
..
113
100
0.4

145

154

..
..
..
3,957
7.0
6,127

..
100
..
4,299
6.2
7,485

156
–0.4
22.4
100
..
4,258
6.2
7,772

1,244.5 1,328.0 2,856.6
2.6
3.9
0.4
2.6
1.4
2.5
4
3
2
27
23
20
69
74
78
21
29
26
23
28
29
23
20
22
..
42.8
41.8
..
–1.7
–2.3

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
25.2
3.4
0
0.1
..
16

..
108.9
2.5
49
14.4
100.0
24

7
52.2
2.3
93
67.9
100.0
20

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

36.2
103
..
..
401
4.0
13.2
..

50.2
100
..
..
192
8.6
42.4
..

46.1
100
..
..
761
15.9
100.4
..

The Little Data Book

2010

83

French Polynesia
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

266
4.0
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.3
..
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
69
3.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
72
2.5
58
..
99
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
74
2.2
52
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1.1

1.1

..
100
98
..
3.2
..

..
100
98
..
2.7
..

1.1
0.00
..
100
98
..
3.2
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.2
2.2
0.8
1
..
..
1
28
..
..
..

3.4
4.0
1.0
5
..
..
5
24
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
11

..
..
..
..
..
..
16

32.7
..
..
..
–1
..
..
259.7

34.6
100
..
..
2
408.0
10.9
351.5

..
83
..
..
2
751.2
13.9
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

84

2010

The Little Data Book

Gabon
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
1.4
268
10.6
18.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

1.8
..
7,320
12,400

1990

2000

2008

..
61
5.2
..
..
..
92
..
76
..
39
..
0.9

..
60
4.1
119
33
86
87
8.8
55
72
48
96
5.3

6.1
60
3.3
89
..
..
77
..
55
..
..
..
5.9

219

218

..
..
..
1,275
6.6
942

..
85
36
1,186
1.0
876

218
0.05
0.1
87
36
1,300
1.5
1,066

6.0
5.2
15.4
7
43
50
46
31
22
..
..

5.1
–1.9
28.1
6
56
38
69
33
22
..
..

14.5
2.3
14.7
4
64
32
67
32
24
..
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
8.2
..

..
..
1.8
10
1.2
9.9
7

58
..
1.1
90
6.2
..
32

52.5
157
4.0
6.4
20
0.2
73.5
131

70.0
100
3.9
9.9
14
6.1
–42.6
12

75.0
215
2.4
3.4
10
11.0
20.0
55

The Little Data Book

2010

85

Gambia, The
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
1.7
11
661
2.1

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.7
61.3
400
1,280

1990

2000

2008

..
51
6.1
..
12
44
153
..
86
..
15
64
..

4.0
54
5.6
118
10
55
131
15.4
92
79
35
82
0.8

..
56
5.1
88
..
57
106
15.8
91
79
51
102
0.9

4.4

4.6

..
..
..
..
0.2
..

..
86
49
..
0.2
..

4.8
–0.4
1.0
86
52
..
0.2
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

317
3.6
12.0
29
13
58
60
72
22
19.4
0.1

421
5.5
3.7
36
13
51
48
57
17
..
..

811
5.9
5.0
29
15
56
30
49
25
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
1.1
0
0.0
32.0
..

..
..
0.8
0
0.9
35.4
3

27
..
0.7
70
6.9
..
14

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

69.1
100
369
22.2
45
10
14.1
97

48.0
100
483
..
45
14
43.5
50

42.3
83
453
12.7
31
67
72.1
94

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

86

2010

The Little Data Book

Georgia
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
4.3
70
10.8
21.2

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

–1.2
54.5
2,500
4,920

1990

2000

2008

..
70
2.2
..
..
..
47
..
16
..
95
98
..

5.9
71
1.6
55
41
96
35
..
73
99
79
98
..

5.4
72
1.6
44
47
98
30
2.3
96
100
90
96
0.1

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

28

28

..
76
94
2,217
2.9
2,673

..
87
93
604
1.0
1,353

28
0.00
2.8
99
93
767
1.3
1,620

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

7.7
–14.8
22.4
32
33
35
40
46
31
..
..

3.1
1.8
4.7
22
22
56
23
40
27
10.4
–1.6

12.8
2.0
10.0
10
21
69
29
58
30
25.7
–1.9

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
93.8
..

..
0.8
0.6
4
0.5
93.4
11

3
2.6
8.1
64
23.8
38.6
3

..
..
0.1
..
–65
..
..
0.2

33.8
..
1.6
12.5
–390
273.5
0.1
169.1

59.1
..
3.4
4.2
–309
732.1
1.6
887.7

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

87

Germany
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

82
357
3,506.9
2,951.8

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

–0.2
..
42,710
35,950

1990

2000

2008

..
75
1.5
..
75
..
9
..
75
..
98
99
0.1

8.5
78
1.4
12
..
..
5
..
93
105
99
99
0.1

..
80
1.4
8
..
100
4
1.1
95
105
101
98
0.1

107

111

..
100
100
4,424
12.0
6,640

..
100
100
4,103
10.1
6,636

111
–0.2
44.0
100
100
4,027
9.8
7,184

1,714.5 1,900.2 3,649.5
5.3
3.2
1.3
3.4
–0.7
1.5
1
1
1
37
30
30
61
68
69
25
33
47
25
33
41
23
22
19
..
30.3
28.5
..
1.4
–0.4

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
20.7
2.5
0
0.1
99.0
11

..
66.8
1.5
59
30.2
..
18

18
30.4
1.3
129
75.5
..
14

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

45.3
110
..
..
2
4.9
3.0
..

55.2
100
..
..
1
3.6
210.1
..

73.2
100
..
..
1
11.1
21.2
..

88

2010

The Little Data Book

Ghana
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
23
239
14.7
30.9

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.1
28.5
630
1,320

1990

2000

2008

6.7
57
5.6
..
13
40
118
24.1
61
64
37
79
0.1

5.6
58
4.7
84
22
44
111
20.3
84
70
40
90
2.4

5.2
57
4.0
63
24
59
76
13.9
86
79
54
96
1.9

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

74

61

..
56
6
353
0.3
319

..
72
9
396
0.3
331

53
2.0
3.2
80
10
415
0.4
259

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.9
3.3
31.2
45
17
38
17
26
14
12.5
..

5.0
3.7
27.2
35
25
39
49
67
24
18.1
–6.5

16.7
7.3
16.9
33
25
41
42
75
36
25.8
–7.7

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
1.2
0.5
0
0.0
19.6
2

..
10.1
1.0
1
0.2
29.6
2

33
20.4
0.7
50
4.3
14.9
1

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

35.7
100
3.7
38.1
–30
6.0
0.0
0.6

93.3
100
6.1
15.6
–51
32.4
0.2
0.6

96.4
151
5.0
3.2
12
126.1
2.1
1.3

The Little Data Book

2010

89

Greece
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

11
132
319.2
318.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.4
..
28,400
28,300

1990

2000

2008

..
77
1.4
..
..
..
11
..
76
..
93
99
0.1

6.7
78
1.3
11
..
..
7
..
89
..
89
103
0.1

..
80
1.5
9
..
..
4
..
99
101
102
97
0.2

33

36

..
96
97
2,110
7.2
3,233

..
99
98
2,481
8.4
4,539

38
–0.9
13.4
100
98
2,875
8.6
5,628

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

94.2
0.0
20.7
9
26
65
18
30
22
..
..

125.6
4.5
3.4
7
21
72
25
38
23
41.5
–3.7

355.9
2.9
3.4
3
20
77
23
32
21
39.0
–3.7

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
16.1
4.1
0
0.0
91.7
2

..
88.3
4.3
54
9.2
91.8
13

19
25.4
3.5
123
43.1
..
10

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

29.6
96
..
..
155
1.8
1.0
..

36.0
100
..
..
300
2.2
1.1
..

29.0
95
..
..
154
2.7
5.3
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

90

2010

The Little Data Book

Greenland
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

56
410
1.7
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

–0.4
..
29,740
..

1990

2000

2008

..
65
2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
66
2.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
68
2.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2.0

2.0

..
..
..
..
10.0
..

..
..
..
..
9.5
..

2.0
0.00
..
..
..
..
9.9
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.0
–11.7
5.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

1.1
7.1
2.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

2.2
0.7
4.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
10

..
..
..
27
31.7
..
37

..
..
..
99
63.9
..
11

88.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

59.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

50.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

The Little Data Book

2010

91

Grenada
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Upper middle income
104
340
609
873

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.4
..
5,880
8,430

1990

2000

2008

..
69
3.8
..
54
..
40
..
85
..
94
94
..

..
73
2.6
56
54
100
20
..
92
72
109
104
..

..
75
2.3
42
54
99
15
..
99
114
108
93
..

42

41

..
..
97
..
1.3
..

..
94
97
..
2.0
..

41
0.1
..
..
97
..
2.4
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

221
5.2
–1.4
13
18
69
42
63
38
..
..

430
12.6
0.5
7
22
70
55
72
42
..
..

638
2.1
2.8
6
21
73
29
70
30
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
55.4
..

..
..
..
4
4.1
61.0
30

20
..
..
58
23.2
..
11

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

59.7
..
111
3.1
–15
18
12.9
14

66.8
100
201
5.5
–6
46
37.4
17

54.1
92
519
7.6
–5
27
161.2
33

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

92

2010

The Little Data Book

Guam
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

176
540
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1990

2000

2008

..
72
3.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
74
2.9
66
..
99
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
76
2.5
51
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

259

259

..
100
99
..
..
..

..
100
99
..
..
..

259
0.00
..
100
99
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
..
18
16.1
..
..

..
..
..
..
48.4
..
..

..
..
..
..
1
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
–5
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
1
..
..
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

1.3
..
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)
The Little Data Book

2010

93

Guatemala
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
14
109
36.6
64.2

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.5
51.0
2,680
4,690

1990

2000

2008

2.2
62
5.6
..
..
..
77
..
68
..
23
..
0.1

3.4
68
4.8
118
43
41
47
17.7
86
58
38
89
0.8

3.4
70
4.1
106
..
..
35
..
96
80
57
94
0.8

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

47

42

..
79
70
498
0.6
223

..
91
80
632
0.9
343

38
1.3
1.8
96
84
620
0.9
558

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

7.7
3.1
40.5
26
20
54
21
25
14
7.9
–1.9

19.3
3.6
6.8
15
29
56
20
29
18
10.2
–1.8

39.0
4.0
8.5
12
30
58
25
40
18
11.9
–1.6

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
1.5
0
0.0
24.9
..

..
0.9
0.8
8
0.7
34.5
8

29
..
0.5
109
14.3
..
4

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

36.8
115
2.8
14.0
–300
0.1
47.7
201

38.8
100
3.9
8.4
–390
0.6
229.9
263

57.2
87
15.9
12.2
–300
4.5
837.7
536

94

2010

The Little Data Book

Guinea
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
9.8
246
3.5
9.5

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.2
..
350
970

1990

2000

2008

3.1
48
6.7
..
..
31
231
..
35
19
9
45
0.2

..
53
6.0
172
6
35
185
21.2
42
32
16
62
1.1

..
58
5.4
151
9
46
146
22.5
64
55
36
77
1.6

74

69

..
45
13
..
0.2
..

..
61
16
..
0.2
..

67
0.6
0.7
70
19
..
0.1
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.7
4.3
17.3
24
33
43
31
33
25
..
..

3.1
1.9
11.1
20
33
47
24
28
20
12.0
–2.4

3.8
4.7
14.9
25
46
29
33
38
15
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
2.4
0
0.0
15.2
..

..
..
1.5
1
0.1
16.5
0

41
..
..
39
0.9
..
0

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

52.3
122
2.5
20.0
70
26.7
17.9
292

41.1
100
3.1
20.6
–227
1.2
9.9
153

76.3
169
3.1
9.6
–425
71.8
381.9
319

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

95

Guinea-Bissau
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Low income
1.6
36
386
822

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

96

2010

The Little Data Book

2.2
65.7
250
520

1990

2000

2008

2.1
44
5.9
..
..
..
240
..
53
..
6
..
0.2

7.2
46
5.9
129
8
35
218
21.9
71
31
20
65
1.7

..
48
5.7
128
10
39
195
17.4
76
..
36
..
1.8

22

21

..
..
..
..
0.2
..

..
58
30
..
0.2
..

21
0.5
1.1
57
33
..
0.2
..

244
6.1
30.2
61
19
21
10
37
30
..
..

215
7.5
3.3
56
13
31
32
52
11
..
..

430
3.3
8.9
55
13
32
30
50
25
..
..

..
..
2.1
0
0.0
8.3
..

..
..
4.4
0
0.2
27.9
..

213
..
4.0
32
2.4
..
..

43.0
..
0.7
31.1
2
1.0
2.0
126

56.2
..
0.9
6.2
–11
2.0
0.7
80

60.1
..
1.2
..
1
30.0
15.0
132

Guyana
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
763
215
1.1
2.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

–0.1
..
1,450
3,030

1990

2000

2008

..
62
2.6
..
31
..
88
..
73
..
80
101
1.3

4.3
63
2.5
74
37
86
72
11.9
86
111
87
99
2.6

..
67
2.3
62
34
83
61
10.8
95
110
102
100
2.5

151

151

..
..
..
..
1.5
..

..
89
82
..
2.1
..

151
0.00
0.7
93
81
..
2.0
..

397
–3.0
56.4
38
25
37
63
80
31
..
..

713
–1.4
6.6
31
29
40
96
111
24
..
..

1,155
3.0
5.3
28
22
50
68
102
40
..
..

..
..
0.9
0
0.0
6.6
..

..
..
..
5
6.6
7.4
2

34
25.1
..
37
26.9
..
0

143.2
..
2.0
20.7
–85
1.0
7.9
168

150.3
100
1.4
9.7
–60
27.3
67.1
116

184.4
102
0.8
2.0
–40
278.4
168.0
166

The Little Data Book

2010

97

Haiti
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
9.9
28
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.6
..
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
55
5.4
..
10
23
151
..
31
29
21
94
1.2

2.5
59
4.3
57
28
24
109
13.9
55
..
..
..
2.2

..
61
3.5
46
32
26
72
18.9
58
..
..
..
2.2

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1.2

1.1

..
52
29
219
0.1
58

..
56
24
232
0.2
35

1.0
0.7
7.6
58
19
286
0.2
30

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.5
–5.3
20.9
..
..
..
10
29
24
..
..

3.7
0.9
11.1
..
..
..
13
33
27
..
..

7.2
1.3
21.2
..
..
..
11
37
26
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
21.9
14

..
..
..
1
0.2
24.3
..

195
..
..
32
10.1
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

16.3
132
0.9
11.1
–131
0.1
8.0
167

36.9
100
1.2
4.1
–136
0.6
13.3
208

36.6
62
1.9
1.9
–140
1.4
29.8
912

98

2010

The Little Data Book

Honduras
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
7.3
112
12.7
28.1

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.0
50.7
1,740
3,830

1990

2000

2008

2.8
66
5.1
..
47
45
55
..
90
64
33
106
1.3

3.3
70
4.0
109
62
56
40
12.5
98
..
..
..
0.9

2.5
72
3.3
92
65
67
31
8.6
95
90
65
107
0.7

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

74

54

..
72
45
486
0.5
372

..
80
58
481
0.8
515

43
3.1
0.9
84
66
661
1.0
692

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.0
0.1
21.2
22
26
51
37
40
23
..
..

7.1
5.7
30.8
16
32
52
54
66
28
..
..

13.3
4.0
9.8
14
31
55
49
82
34
22.3
–0.2

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
1.3
..
0
0.0
21.1
..

..
8.8
0.5
2
1.2
20.4
0

14
..
0.7
85
13.1
..
1

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

61.4
78
3.7
35.3
–70
0.1
43.5
448

103.2
100
5.4
8.8
–180
0.5
282.0
448

120.8
81
3.4
3.8
–150
2.9
877.0
564

The Little Data Book

2010

99

Hong Kong SAR, China
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

7.0
1.1
219.3
307.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.7
..
31,420
44,000

1990

2000

2008

..
77
1.3
..
86
..
..
..
..
102
80
103
..

..
81
1.0
6
..
100
..
..
..
108
81
96
..

..
82
1.0
6
..
100
..
..
..
95
83
100
..

..

..

..
..
..
1,539
4.8
4,178

..
..
..
1,966
6.1
5,447

..
..
..
..
..
1,985
5.7
5,899

76.9
3.9
7.5
0
24
75
131
122
27
..
..

169.1
8.0
–3.6
0
13
87
143
139
27
..
..

215.4
2.4
1.4
0
8
92
212
202
20
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
108.5
..
2
0.0
100.0
17

..
368.6
..
82
27.8
100.0
23

6
217.6
..
166
67.0
100.0
22

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

217.4
100
..
..
26
..
..
38.2

246.4
100
..
..
300
135.5
61.9
..

354.4
96
..
..
113
355.3
63.0
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

100

2010

The Little Data Book

Hungary
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

10
93
128.6
182.8

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.2
..
12,810
18,210

1990

2000

2008

10.3
69
1.8
..
..
..
17
2.3
99
94
86
100
..

9.6
71
1.3
26
..
100
10
..
99
98
95
100
0.1

..
74
1.4
20
..
100
7
..
99
95
97
99
0.1

18

19

..
96
100
2,762
6.0
3,427

..
99
100
2,448
5.5
3,309

20
–0.6
127.3
100
100
2,658
5.7
3,977

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

33.1
–3.5
25.7
15
39
46
31
29
25
..
..

47.9
5.0
12.9
5
32
62
72
76
27
37.3
–2.7

154.7
0.6
3.9
4
29
66
81
80
22
40.7
–3.9

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
1.5
2.8
0
0.0
44.1
4

..
25.1
1.7
30
7.0
43.7
26

4
12.0
1.2
122
58.5
37.7
24

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

61.5
111
..
..
–123
..
0.0
..

126.1
100
..
..
98
0.3
2.8
..

139.5
94
..
..
70
2.6
62.8
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

101

Iceland
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

317
103
12.8
8.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.9
..
40,450
25,300

1990

2000

2008

..
77
2.3
..
..
..
7
..
99
..
98
98
0.1

..
79
2.1
20
..
..
4
..
91
98
108
102
0.2

..
82
2.1
15
..
..
3
..
96
96
110
103
0.2

250

380

..
100
100
8,195
8.1
16,150

..
100
100
11,032
7.7
26,221

492
–4.1
0.1
100
100
15,708
7.3
36,853

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

6.4
1.2
15.2
11
30
59
34
32
19
..
..

8.7
4.3
3.6
9
26
65
34
41
23
33.3
2.7

16.7
0.3
12.2
6
24
71
45
48
24
32.6
–12.8

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
4
0.0
19.9
10

..
51.0
..
76
44.5
29.5
12

5
33.4
..
108
90.0
36.6
36

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

51.3
100
..
..
0
62
22.1
..

51.6
100
..
..
2
88
155.3
..

69.2
101
..
..
3
35
699.1
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

102

2010

The Little Data Book

India
South Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
1,140
3,287
1,186.7
3,341.8

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.3
28.6
1,040
2,930

1990

2000

2008

..
58
4.0
..
43
..
116
..
56
63
41
70
0.1

..
61
3.3
88
47
43
94
44.4
54
72
46
79
0.5

8.1
64
2.7
67
56
47
69
43.5
70
94
57
92
0.3

639

676

..
71
14
375
0.8
276

..
82
23
450
1.2
402

678
–0.3
51.2
89
28
529
1.4
542

317.5
5.5
10.7
29
27
44
7
9
24
12.6
–3.4

460.2 1,159.2
4.0
6.1
3.5
6.2
23
17
26
29
50
54
13
23
14
28
24
40
11.9
15.0
–3.9
–1.6

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
12.2
3.2
0
0.0
47.3
2

..
32.2
3.1
0
0.5
47.5
5

30
55.7
2.5
30
4.5
..
6

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

13.1
..
86
31.7
–374
2.4
0.2
1.4

20.4
100
100
14.5
–1,400
12.9
3.6
1.5

40.6
92
231
8.7
–1,540
49.9
41.2
2.1

The Little Data Book

2010

103

Indonesia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
227
1,905
426.8
817.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.2
16.7
1,880
3,600

1990

2000

2008

..
62
3.1
..
50
32
86
29.8
58
94
47
93
..

..
67
2.5
50
..
64
56
24.8
72
98
56
96
0.1

7.4
71
2.2
39
61
79
41
19.6
83
108
76
98
0.2

1,166

979

..
72
51
578
0.8
162

..
77
52
735
1.2
402

848
1.9
2.9
80
52
849
1.5
566

114.4
9.0
7.7
19
39
41
25
24
31
18.8
0.4

165.0
4.9
20.4
16
46
38
41
30
22
18.7
–0.3

510.7
6.1
18.3
14
48
37
30
29
28
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
7.1
1.8
0
0.0
45.1
1

..
16.3
1.0
2
0.9
57.1
16

60
19.3
1.0
62
7.9
55.4
11

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

41.5
95
70
33.3
–411
0.2
1.1
1.7

66.1
66
143
22.4
–900
1.2
–4.6
1.7

52.0
..
151
13.4
–1,000
6.8
9.3
1.2

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

104

2010

The Little Data Book

Iran, Islamic Rep.
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

72
1,745
251.5
770.5

Lower middle income
Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.3
..
3,540
10,850

1990

2000

2008

5.2
65
4.8
..
49
..
73
..
85
87
56
85
..

5.1
69
2.2
35
74
90
48
..
99
102
82
93
0.1

6.4
71
1.8
18
79
97
32
..
98
117
80
116
0.2

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

111

111

..
92
83
1,256
4.2
975

..
94
83
1,844
5.3
1,586

111
0.00
72.6
..
..
2,604
6.7
2,325

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

116.0
13.7
20.6
19
29
52
15
23
37
18.7
–1.9

101.3
5.1
26.4
14
37
50
23
17
33
23.4
1.8

286.1
7.8
20.5
10
44
45
32
22
33
34.8
7.9

..
..
2.1
0
0.0
..
..

..
7.3
3.8
2
1.0
64.8
2

9
15.9
2.9
60
32.0
72.8
6

34.2
..
9.0
3.2
276
1.2
–0.4
105

42.1
100
7.7
9.7
–56
0.5
0.0
130

46.7
175
13.9
..
–993
1.1
1.5
98

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

105

Iraq
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
31
438
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.5
..
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
65
6.0
..
14
54
53
..
75
..
45
78
..

..
71
5.0
62
44
72
48
12.9
87
55
37
77
..

..
68
4.1
84
50
80
44
7.1
69
76
47
79
..

8.0

8.2

..
83
..
957
2.8
1,206

..
80
72
1,011
3.0
1,161

8.2
–0.1
187.5
77
76
1,105
3.2
1,080

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

48.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

25.9
–4.3
47.4
5
84
10
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
77.9
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
84.3
..

77
..
..
57
1.0
..
0

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

55.4
..
..
..
–630
..
..
0.1

131.4
..
..
..
–18
..
..
0.1

..
..
..
..
–224
3.1
971.8
9.9

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

106

2010

The Little Data Book

Ireland
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

4.4
70
220.3
158.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.6
..
49,770
35,710

1990

2000

2008

..
75
2.1
..
60
..
9
..
78
..
99
104
..

7.4
77
1.9
18
..
100
7
..
79
97
108
103
0.2

..
80
2.1
16
..
..
4
..
89
97
113
103
0.2

4.4

6.1

..
..
..
2,843
8.8
3,776

..
..
..
3,574
11.1
5,796

6.9
–2.7
2.3
..
..
3,457
10.3
6,263

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

47.8
8.5
–0.7
9
35
57
57
52
21
..
..

96.6
9.2
6.1
3
41
55
98
85
24
32.4
4.9

267.6
–3.0
–1.2
2
34
64
79
69
26
33.1
0.4

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
1.3
1
0.0
94.0
41

..
84.8
0.7
65
17.8
100.0
48

13
18.5
0.6
121
62.7
..
26

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

92.9
106
..
..
–148
286
0.6
..

133.0
100
..
..
92
252
25.5
..

77.3
88
..
..
230
646
–19.9
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

107

Isle of Man
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

81
570
4.0
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.0
..
49,310
..

1990

2000

2008

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
78
1.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

35

35

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

35
0.00
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
4.2
9.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

1,564
5.3
3.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

4,076
7.5
3.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

108

2010

The Little Data Book

Israel
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

7.3
22
180.6
200.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

1.8
..
24,720
27,450

1990

2000

2008

..
77
2.8
..
68
..
11
..
91
..
90
105
0.1

5.7
79
3.0
17
..
..
7
..
97
104
92
100
0.1

..
81
3.0
14
..
..
5
..
84
102
91
101
0.1

1.5

1.6

..
100
..
2,486
7.2
4,176

..
100
..
2,933
10.0
6,323

1.7
–0.7
260.5
100
..
3,059
10.0
7,002

52.5
6.8
15.9
..
..
..
35
45
25
..
..

124.7
9.2
1.6
..
..
..
37
37
21
39.5
–1.9

202.1
4.0
1.6
..
..
..
40
42
18
36.8
–1.9

..
6.3
12.6
0
0.1
100.0
10

..
51.4
7.8
70
20.2
100.0
25

34
66.5
8.0
123
47.9
100.0
16

55.0
89
..
..
64
0.8
0.2
1.4

55.4
100
..
..
276
0.4
5.9
..

63.5
93
..
..
115
1.4
9.6
..

The Little Data Book

2010

109

Italy
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

60
301
2,121.6
1,843.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

110

2010

The Little Data Book

0.8
..
35,460
30,800

1990

2000

2008

..
77
1.3
..
..
..
10
..
43
105
82
100
0.4

6.5
80
1.2
7
..
..
6
..
74
102
93
98
0.4

..
82
1.4
5
..
..
4
..
91
101
100
99
0.4

84

94

..
..
..
2,586
7.5
4,145

..
..
..
2,997
7.9
5,299

102
–1.2
24.3
..
..
3,001
8.0
5,713

1,133.4 1,097.3 2,303.1
2.1
3.7
–1.0
8.4
1.9
2.8
3
3
2
32
28
27
64
69
71
19
27
29
19
26
29
22
21
21
..
37.2
37.5
..
–0.7
–2.5
..
13.1
2.1
0
0.0
100.0
8

..
70.0
2.0
74
23.2
100.0
9

10
22.6
1.8
151
41.8
..
7

31.1
95
..
..
0
5.1
6.4
..

43.7
100
..
..
0
1.9
13.2
..

47.6
95
..
..
2
3.1
15.4
..

Jamaica
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
2.7
11
12.9
19.8

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.4
18.7
4,800
7,370

1990

2000

2008

5.8
71
2.9
..
55
79
33
..
74
91
64
101
0.3

4.6
71
2.6
89
69
96
32
3.8
88
87
87
101
1.4

..
72
2.4
77
..
95
31
2.2
88
89
90
100
1.6

3.5

3.4

..
92
83
1,167
3.3
879

..
93
83
1,447
4.0
2,321

3.4
0.1
4.4
93
83
1,852
4.6
2,542

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4.6
4.2
25.1
..
..
..
48
52
26
..
..

9.0
0.9
10.6
7
26
67
..
..
..
..
..

14.6
–1.3
21.2
5
25
69
..
..
..
29.1
–5.1

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
19.8
0.6
0
0.0
64.0
0

..
39.8
0.5
14
3.1
70.1
0

8
51.4
0.5
101
57.3
73.3
0

67.2
..
4.8
26.9
–161
0.2
0.1
270.6

51.4
100
4.7
15.4
–98
0.9
0.5
8.6

70.3
84
10.0
14.2
–76
2.2
1.4
79.4

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

111

Japan
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

128
378
4,869.1
4,493.7

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

–0.1
..
38,130
35,190

1990

2000

2008

..
79
1.5
..
58
100
6
..
73
100
96
101
..

..
81
1.4
5
56
..
5
..
96
..
101
101
..

..
83
1.3
5
..
..
4
..
97
..
101
100
..

250

249

..
100
100
3,546
9.5
6,486

..
100
100
4,080
9.9
7,971

249
0.02
20.6
100
100
4,019
10.1
8,474

3,018.3 4,667.4 4,910.8
5.2
2.9
–0.7
2.4
–1.7
–0.9
3
2
1
40
32
29
58
66
69
10
11
18
10
10
16
33
25
24
14.2
..
..
–1.2
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
96.7
0.9
1
0.0
69.2
24

..
67.6
1.0
53
30.0
76.6
28

23
65.6
0.9
86
75.2
79.3
18

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

17.3
105
..
..
–608
0.5
1.8
..

18.4
100
..
..
45
1.4
8.2
..

31.4
62
..
..
82
1.9
24.6
..

112

2010

The Little Data Book

Jordan
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
5.9
89
20.5
33.8

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

3.2
14.2
3,470
5,720

1990

2000

2008

5.9
67
5.5
..
40
87
38
4.8
87
95
82
101
..

..
71
3.9
33
56
100
27
3.6
94
96
87
102
..

7.2
73
3.5
24
57
99
20
..
95
99
86
103
..

830

830

..
97
..
1,028
3.3
1,050

..
97
90
1,027
3.2
1,377

830
0.00
138.0
98
85
1,259
3.7
1,956

4.0
1.0
11.4
8
28
64
62
93
32
..
..

8.5
4.2
–0.4
2
26
72
42
68
22
..
..

21.2
7.9
15.7
3
34
63
58
91
26
32.9
–1.1

..
49.7
8.0
0
0.0
100.0
1

..
58.4
6.2
8
2.7
100.0
8

13
168.8
5.9
90
27.0
100.0
1

91.1
94
8.3
20.4
75
0.5
0.0
886

76.7
100
7.4
12.6
–86
1.8
0.8
552

116.2
118
6.6
16.0
104
3.8
2.0
742

The Little Data Book

2010

113

Kazakhstan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
16
2,725
96.6
152.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.2
15.4
6,160
9,720

1990

2000

2008

9.5
68
2.7
..
..
..
60
..
89
..
102
102
..

8.1
66
1.8
34
66
99
44
3.8
99
94
93
102
0.1

8.7
66
2.6
30
51
100
30
4.9
99
104
92
99
0.1

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

34

34

..
96
97
4,450
15.9
5,905

..
96
97
2,709
8.6
3,170

33
0.2
46.4
96
97
4,292
12.6
4,448

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

26.9
–11.0
96.4
27
45
29
74
75
32
..
..

18.3
9.8
17.4
9
40
51
57
49
18
11.3
0.1

133.4
3.2
21.1
6
43
51
57
37
34
13.4
4.3

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
55.1
..

..
7.3
0.8
1
0.7
86.5
4

20
23.3
1.0
95
10.9
90.3
22

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

..
..
0.0
..
–595
..
0.1
112

75.7
..
12.4
32.0
–1,320
121.8
1.3
189

81.7
..
107.6
41.8
–200
191.5
14.6
333

114

2010

The Little Data Book

Kenya
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
39
580
28.4
60.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.6
46.6
730
1,560

1990

2000

2008

3.4
60
6.0
..
27
50
105
..
78
..
48
94
..

..
53
5.0
105
39
44
128
17.5
75
63
39
98
..

4.7
54
4.9
103
..
..
128
..
90
80
58
96
..

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

37

36

..
41
39
479
0.2
125

..
51
41
478
0.3
109

35
0.3
13.2
57
42
485
0.3
151

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

8.6
4.2
10.6
30
19
51
26
31
24
19.5
–2.8

12.7
0.6
6.1
32
17
51
22
32
17
19.7
2.0

30.4
1.7
13.1
27
19
54
27
41
19
19.5
–4.1

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
5.3
2.9
0
0.0
12.8
4

..
10.1
1.3
0
0.3
12.1
4

34
36.0
2.0
42
8.7
..
5

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

37.9
70
7.1
35.4
5
0.1
57.1
1.2

38.1
100
6.1
20.9
–21
0.5
110.9
0.5

52.9
83
7.4
4.5
25
1.7
95.6
1.4

The Little Data Book

2010

115

Kiribati
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income
97
810
197
349

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

116

2010

The Little Data Book

1.6
..
2,040
3,620

1990

2000

2008

..
57
4.0
..
..
..
89
..
75
..
..
..
..

..
60
3.8
..
21
89
63
..
80
99
99
122
..

..
61
3.4
..
..
63
48
..
72
125
88
107
..

22

22

..
48
22
..
0.3
..

..
62
30
..
0.4
..

22
0.00
..
65
33
..
0.3
..

28
2.1
–4.7
19
8
74
12
147
93
..
..

67
0.6
4.6
22
12
66
7
48
..
..
..

137
3.0
2.0
27
8
65
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
..
0
1.8
..
..

21
..
..
1
2.1
..
..

104.8
..
..
..
..
5.1
0.3
20

65.3
..
..
..
..
7.0
..
18

51.3
..
..
..
..
9.0
..
27

Korea, Dem. Rep.
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
24
121
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.4
..
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
70
2.4
..
62
..
55
..
98
..
..
..
..

..
67
2.0
0
..
97
55
17.8
78
..
..
..
..

..
67
1.9
0
..
..
55
..
98
..
..
..
..

82

68

..
..
..
1,649
12.1
1,247

..
100
59
866
3.4
715

59
1.9
13.5
100
..
774
3.6
764

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
5.7
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
6.4
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
2.8
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

..
..
..
..
0
..
..
7.7

..
..
..
..
0
..
..
73.3

..
..
..
..
0
..
..
217.7

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book

2010

117

Korea, Rep.
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

49
100
1,046.3
1,353.2

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.3
..
21,530
27,840

1990

2000

2008

..
71
1.6
..
79
98
9
..
93
97
91
99
..

7.9
76
1.5
3
..
100
6
..
95
103
97
99
0.1

..
80
1.2
6
..
..
5
..
92
99
97
97
0.1

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

64

63

..
..
..
2,171
5.6
2,373

..
92
..
4,017
9.5
5,907

63
0.1
28.7
..
..
4,586
9.8
8,502

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

263.8
9.2
10.5
9
42
49
28
29
38
16.8
1.7

533.4
8.5
5.0
5
38
57
39
36
31
22.3
4.4

929.1
2.2
2.7
3
37
60
53
54
31
24.6
4.3

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
42.1
3.6
0
0.0
71.5
18

..
32.2
2.4
57
40.5
74.5
35

14
53.2
2.6
94
75.8
77.6
33

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

51.1
133
..
..
484
1.0
0.8
52.0

62.4
100
..
..
–65
0.7
9.3
–55.1

92.3
62
..
..
–65
3.1
2.2
..

118

2010

The Little Data Book

Kosovo
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
1.8
11
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.6
45.1
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
68
3.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
68
3.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
69
2.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..

..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

5
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

5,448
..
..
12
20
68
14
57
27
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

52
..
..
..
..
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

119

Kuwait
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

2.7
18
117.0
142.4

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.4
..
43,930
53,480

1990

2000

2008

..
75
3.5
..
..
..
15
..
66
..
83
97
..

..
77
2.4
18
..
100
13
..
99
96
94
103
..

..
78
2.2
13
..
..
11
..
99
98
91
100
..

35

49

..
..
..
3,681
19.2
8,108

..
..
..
9,145
32.4
13,378

58
–3.0
..
..
..
9,463
33.3
16,198

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

18.4
25.9
–1.7
1
52
47
45
58
18
58.7
3.7

37.7
4.7
20.5
0
59
40
56
30
11
45.2
1.4

148.0
4.4
5.9
..
..
..
66
26
19
47.4
23.4

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
40.8
48.7
1
0.0
72.9
3

..
55.1
7.1
22
6.8
80.6
0

35
72.4
3.2
107
36.7
..
0

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

59.8
..
..
..
174
..
0.0
5.7

70.5
100
..
..
318
..
16.3
..

79.9
166
..
..
264
..
57.3
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

120

2010

The Little Data Book

Kyrgyz Republic
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
5.3
200
4.1
11.4

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.8
43.1
780
2,150

1990

2000

2008

10.6
68
3.7
..
..
..
75
..
94
..
103
..
..

8.4
69
2.4
35
..
99
51
..
98
95
84
101
0.1

8.8
67
2.7
32
48
98
38
2.7
99
92
85
100
0.1

8.4

8.6

..
..
..
1,713
2.4
2,314

..
82
93
497
0.9
1,904

8.7
–0.3
21.7
89
93
556
1.1
1,772

2.7
5.7
7.9
34
35
31
29
50
24
..
..

1.4
5.4
27.2
37
31
32
42
48
20
14.2
–2.9

5.1
7.6
21.2
30
20
51
57
94
24
20.5
0.0

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
1.6
0
0.0
90.0
..

..
0.3
2.9
0
1.0
91.1
18

11
1.9
2.4
64
16.1
..
2

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

..
..
0.0
..
–155
..
..
24

77.3
..
1.8
29.3
–27
0.0
–2.4
215

112.7
..
2.5
8.2
–75
1.2
232.7
360

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book

2010

121

Lao PDR
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
6.2
237
4.7
12.7

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.8
33.5
760
2,050

1990

2000

2008

9.3
54
6.0
..
..
..
157
..
32
45
24
76
..

8.5
61
4.6
52
32
19
86
36.4
42
69
34
81
0.1

..
65
3.5
37
38
20
61
31.6
52
75
44
87
0.2

173

165

..
..
..
..
0.1
..

..
46
22
..
0.2
..

160
0.5
1.6
60
48
..
0.2
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

866
6.7
37.9
61
15
24
11
25
14
..
..

1,735
5.8
25.1
53
23
25
30
44
28
..
..

5,543
7.5
8.2
35
28
37
33
44
37
13.0
–2.9

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
9.0
0
0.0
24.0
..

..
..
0.8
0
0.1
14.1
..

100
..
0.3
33
8.5
13.4
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

30.5
..
1.8
8.5
0
10.9
6.0
149

49.9
100
2.5
7.8
–88
0.7
33.9
281

44.6
113
4.9
15.2
–115
1.0
228.0
496

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

122

2010

The Little Data Book

Latvia
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
2.3
65
26.9
36.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.4
5.9
11,860
16,010

1990

2000

2008

10.4
69
2.0
..
..
..
17
..
95
..
96
101
..

7.0
70
1.2
19
..
100
15
..
97
97
90
101
0.2

6.7
72
1.5
15
..
100
9
..
97
95
115
100
0.8

28

29

..
99
..
2,913
5.1
3,387

..
99
78
1,563
2.6
2,078

30
–0.4
1.8
99
78
2,052
3.3
3,064

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

7.4
–7.9
24.1
22
46
32
48
49
40
..
..

7.8
6.9
4.2
5
24
72
42
49
24
26.1
–2.2

33.8
–4.6
15.2
3
23
74
42
55
35
26.0
–2.6

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
13.4
..

..
7.2
0.9
17
6.3
100.0
4

16
4.8
1.9
99
60.4
100.0
7

..
..
0.1
0.0
44
..
0.0
..

64.7
..
4.9
17.4
–40
72.3
0.4
..

77.2
..
42.1
37.7
–20
601.3
1.4
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

123

Lebanon
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
4.2
10
28.4
49.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.7
..
6,780
11,750

1990

2000

2008

..
69
3.1
..
..
..
40
..
61
..
62
..
0.1

..
71
2.4
26
63
93
24
..
79
..
..
..
0.1

..
72
1.8
16
..
..
13
..
53
87
82
103
0.1

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1.2

1.3

..
100
..
755
3.1
471

..
100
98
1,307
4.1
2,081

1.4
–0.8
27.3
100
..
959
3.7
2,154

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.8
26.5
15.5
..
..
..
18
100
18
..
..

17.3
1.3
–2.1
7
23
70
14
36
20
16.0
–18.4

29.3
8.5
7.7
5
21
73
27
57
31
21.5
–10.0

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
7.6
0
0.0
95.0
..

..
9.2
5.4
20
8.0
84.9
2

9
32.9
4.4
34
22.5
..
0

106.5
..
1.8
..
–200
1.8
0.0
0.3

40.2
100
9.9
24.9
0
1.6
1.0
0.2

72.5
92
24.4
14.0
100
7.2
3.6
1.1

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

124

2010

The Little Data Book

Lesotho
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
2.0
30
2.2
4.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.9
56.3
1,060
1,970

1990

2000

2008

..
59
4.9
..
23
..
101
..
80
58
25
124
0.8

..
50
4.1
92
30
60
109
15.0
74
60
30
107
23.9

..
45
3.3
72
..
..
79
16.6
85
73
40
105
23.2

50

70

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
77
34
..
..
..

84
–3.1
1.0
78
36
..
..
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

577
6.0
11.3
23
32
45
17
116
56
42.1
–0.5

783
4.5
5.4
12
28
60
33
98
42
48.3
–2.7

1,622
3.9
9.6
7
35
58
47
111
28
65.3
5.7

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
4.8
0
0.0
18.0
..

..
..
3.9
1
0.2
18.3
0

40
..
2.6
28
3.6
..
..

127.3
100
396
4.2
–73
428
17.1
139

131.4
100
672
11.3
–36
252
117.8
37

180.6
72
682
2.5
–36
439
218.0
143

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

125

Liberia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
3.8
111
646
1.2

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

126

2010

The Little Data Book

4.5
..
170
310

1990

2000

2008

..
49
6.5
..
..
..
219
..
..
..
..
..
0.4

..
54
6.1
148
10
51
174
22.8
63
..
37
72
1.4

6.4
58
5.9
140
11
46
145
20.4
64
58
32
86
1.7

41

35

..
57
40
..
0.2
..

..
63
32
..
0.2
..

30
1.7
0.1
64
32
..
0.2
..

384
–51.0
–0.2
54
17
29
..
..
..
..
..

561
25.7
–1.3
72
12
16
21
26
5
..
..

843
7.1
10.4
61
17
22
31
173
20
..
..

..
..
7.2
0
0.0
5.5
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
6.2
..

20
..
0.5
19
0.5
..
..

374.1
..
2.1
..
–368
..
225.2
0.1

177.8
..
2.8
..
527
..
20.8
0.1

133.8
..
3.5
131.3
62
58.1
143.8
1.3

Libya
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

6.3
1,760
77.9
102.4

Upper middle income
Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.0
..
12,380
16,270

1990

2000

2008

..
68
4.8
..
..
..
38
..
89
..
..
..
..

..
73
3.2
4
..
99
24
..
92
..
108
103
..

..
74
2.7
3
..
..
17
5.6
98
..
93
105
..

2.2

2.2

..
71
97
2,596
9.2
1,603

..
71
97
3,100
9.3
2,227

2.2
0.00
721.0
..
97
2,889
9.2
3,871

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

28.9
..
..
..
..
..
40
31
19
..
..

33.9
3.7
18.4
5
66
29
36
15
13
..
..

93.2
3.8
25.4
2
78
20
67
27
28
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
51.7
..

..
..
3.2
1
0.2
57.2
..

..
..
1.2
77
5.1
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

64.2
..
..
..
10
..
0.2
8.3

50.5
100
..
..
10
9.0
0.1
4.7

80.0
205
..
..
14
16.0
4.1
60.2

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

127

Liechtenstein
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

36
160
3.5
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.8
..
97,990
..

1990

2000

2008

..
..
..
..
..
..
10
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
6
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
83
1.4
..
..
..
2
..
..
114
106
92
..

65

69

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

69
–0.4
..
..
..
..
..
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.4
2.3
5.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

2.5
3.2
1.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

4.2
3.1
1.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
..
30
36.5
..
..

..
..
..
95
66.0
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

128

2010

The Little Data Book

Lithuania
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
3.4
65
39.9
57.7

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

–0.5
..
11,870
17,170

1990

2000

2008

10.6
71
2.0
..
..
..
16
..
89
..
95
..
..

7.9
72
1.4
29
..
100
11
..
97
99
98
99
0.1

..
72
1.5
21
..
100
7
..
97
96
99
100
0.1

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

20

20

..
..
..
4,357
6.0
4,023

..
..
..
2,038
3.5
2,517

21
–0.6
1.7
..
..
2,740
4.2
3,414

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

10.5
–5.7
228.3
27
31
42
52
61
33
..
..

11.4
3.9
0.8
6
30
64
45
51
19
25.9
–2.8

47.3
3.0
10.3
4
33
63
59
71
27
28.7
–3.1

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
0

..
13.9
1.7
15
6.4
..
4

26
7.7
1.6
150
54.4
28.6
11

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

..
..
0.1
..
52
..
..
..

81.0
..
4.7
20.9
–106
0.0
0.4
..

115.2
..
31.7
30.6
–36
1.5
1.8
..

The Little Data Book

2010

129

Luxembourg
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

489
2.6
33.9
25.8

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.8
..
69,390
52,770

1990

2000

2008

..
75
1.6
..
..
..
9
..
80
..
74
..
0.1

..
78
1.8
13
..
100
5
..
91
82
98
104
0.2

..
81
1.6
12
..
..
3
..
96
82
95
102
0.2

..

1

..
100
100
8,938
25.9
13,668

..
100
100
7,600
18.9
15,485

1
0.00
..
100
100
8,790
23.9
16,315

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

12.7
5.3
2.5
1
27
71
102
88
26
..
..

20.3
8.4
2.0
1
18
81
150
129
23
39.8
5.5

53.7
–0.9
1.6
0
16
84
179
151
21
38.1
3.2

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
82.9
0.8
0
0.0
99.1
..

..
167.8
0.6
70
22.9
100.0
17

24
123.7
0.7
145
79.2
..
7

..
..
..
..
13
..
..
..

97.0
..
..
..
20
0.6
118.5
..

107.6
..
..
..
20
1.7
115.8
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

130

2010

The Little Data Book

Macao SAR, China
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

526
28
18.1
26.8

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.5
..
35,360
52,300

1990

2000

2008

..
77
1.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
97
61
..
..

..
79
0.9
5
..
..
..
..
..
97
79
..
..

..
81
0.9
5
..
..
..
..
..
101
92
..
..

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

..

..

..
..
..
..
2.8
..

..
..
..
..
3.7
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
4.5
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.0
9.8
9.7
..
..
..
110
84
25
..
..

6.1
5.7
–2.1
0
16
90
100
65
12
19.9
1.6

18.6
13.2
1.6
0
18
86
90
49
29
32.5
17.2

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
1
0.0
100.0
2

..
..
..
32
13.6
100.0
1

..
..
..
177
49.2
..
2

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

108.4
..
..
..
38
..
..
0.2

78.6
100
..
..
15
208.1
0.4
0.3

42.5
88
..
..
40
507.1
3.4
..

The Little Data Book

2010

131

Macedonia, FYR
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
2.0
26
8.4
18.9

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.1
21.7
4,130
9,250

1990

2000

2008

..
71
2.1
..
..
..
36
..
..
..
..
..
..

6.7
73
1.7
30
..
..
19
1.9
97
100
84
98
..

5.2
74
1.4
21
14
99
11
1.8
98
92
84
98
0.1

9.1

9.1

..
..
..
1,298
5.6
2,789

..
100
88
1,329
6.0
2,929

9.1
0.00
..
100
89
1,482
5.3
3,780

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4.5
–6.2
93.7
9
44
47
26
36
19
..
..

3.6
4.5
8.2
12
34
54
49
64
22
..
..

9.5
5.0
7.2
11
34
55
53
79
28
34.0
–0.8

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
58.9
..

..
0.2
1.9
6
2.5
63.8
1

4
8.6
2.0
123
41.5
..
1

103.8
..
..
..
–15
..
0.0
..

95.3
..
1.5
7.9
–7
80.9
174.5
251.1

113.7
..
4.7
8.7
–10
406.6
598.5
220.5

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

132

2010

The Little Data Book

Madagascar
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
19
587
7.9
20.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.7
68.7
420
1,050

1990

2000

2008

..
51
6.3
..
17
57
167
35.5
47
35
18
98
..

4.9
57
5.6
152
19
46
132
..
56
38
..
..
0.1

6.2
60
4.7
131
..
..
106
..
81
71
30
97
0.1

137

130

..
39
8
..
0.1
..

..
45
11
..
0.1
..

128
0.4
4.4
47
12
..
0.2
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.1
3.1
11.5
29
13
59
17
28
17
..
..

3.9
4.8
7.2
29
14
57
31
38
15
11.7
–2.0

9.5
7.3
9.5
25
17
57
27
52
36
11.9
–2.7

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
1.2
0
0.0
15.4
8

..
..
1.2
0
0.2
11.6
1

7
..
1.1
25
1.7
..
1

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

31.5
81
3.7
45.5
–8
7.9
0.0
397

49.5
100
4.7
9.6
–6
11.3
0.1
320

56.9
71
2.1
5.8
–5
11.0
1.5
841

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

133

Malawi
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
15
118
4.2
12.1

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.8
52.4
280
810

1990

2000

2008

..
49
7.0
..
13
55
225
24.4
81
27
7
81
2.1

4.8
51
6.2
161
31
56
162
21.5
73
65
31
93
13.5

..
53
5.5
133
41
54
100
15.5
88
54
29
99
11.9

39

36

..
41
46
..
0.1
..

..
63
55
..
0.1
..

33
0.9
6.3
76
60
..
0.1
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.9
5.7
10.7
45
29
26
24
33
23
..
..

1.7
1.6
30.5
40
18
43
26
35
14
..
..

4.3
9.7
8.9
34
21
45
23
26
27
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
1.3
0
0.0
22.0
0

..
..
0.7
0
0.1
..
2

39
41.5
1.2
12
2.1
..
2

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

52.7
148
1.6
29.3
835
..
23.3
500

52.3
100
2.7
13.3
–85
0.7
26.0
446

58.3
76
1.0
..
–30
1.0
37.0
913

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

134

2010

The Little Data Book

Malaysia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
27
330
196.0
371.1

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.7
..
7,250
13,740

1990

2000

2008

4.6
70
3.7
..
50
..
18
..
70
90
56
101
0.1

..
73
3.0
15
..
97
10
..
88
92
65
103
0.3

..
74
2.6
13
..
98
6
..
95
96
69
104
0.5

224

216

..
98
..
1,252
3.1
1,178

..
98
94
2,135
5.4
2,743

206
0.5
1.6
99
94
2,733
7.2
3,667

44.0
9.0
3.8
15
42
43
75
72
32
26.4
–2.9

93.8
8.9
8.9
1
48
51
120
101
27
18.5
–3.0

221.8
4.6
10.3
10
48
42
110
90
22
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
110.4
2.6
0
0.0
70.0
38

..
124.7
1.6
22
21.4
76.2
60

11
84.4
2.0
103
55.8
79.8
40

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

133.4
103
15
12.6
155
0.3
2.3
468

192.1
100
42
5.6
498
1.0
3.8
45

160.7
104
66
4.8
150
1.9
7.4
158

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book

2010

135

Maldives
South Asia

Lower middle income

Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

305
300
1.1
1.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

136

2010

The Little Data Book

1.4
..
3,640
5,290

1990

2000

2008

..
60
6.1
..
..
..
111
..
96
..
44
..
..

..
66
2.8
28
42
70
55
25.7
99
..
54
101
..

..
72
2.0
13
..
..
28
..
97
113
84
98
..

9.0

9.0

..
96
..
..
0.7
..

..
87
58
..
1.8
..

9.0
0.00
..
83
59
..
2.9
..

215
..
..
..
..
..
85
83
..
22.1
–7.5

624
4.8
1.1
..
..
..
89
72
26
30.0
–5.0

1,261
5.2
13.6
6
18
76
83
110
53
44.3
–13.7

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
..
3
2.2
..
..

9
..
..
143
23.5
..
0

100.4
..
78
4.8
0
1.7
5.6
21

79.7
100
206
4.2
0
2.2
13.0
19

136.6
97
987
6.2
0
3.1
15.4
54

Mali
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
13
1,240
7.4
13.9

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.4
..
580
1,100

1990

2000

2008

7.0
43
6.7
..
..
..
250
..
43
12
7
58
0.2

6.1
46
6.8
167
8
41
217
30.1
49
31
18
69
1.4

6.5
48
6.5
161
8
49
194
27.9
68
57
35
78
1.5

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

141

131

..
33
35
..
0.05
..

..
51
42
..
0.05
..

124
0.8
10.9
60
45
..
0.05
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.4
–1.9
4.9
46
16
39
17
34
23
..
..

2.4
3.2
5.6
42
21
38
27
39
25
13.4
–3.4

8.7
5.0
13.6
37
24
39
27
37
23
16.2
–5.6

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
2.2
0
0.0
10.9
..

..
..
2.4
0
0.1
12.1
15

15
..
2.0
27
1.6
..
3

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

39.7
135
2.5
12.3
–240
107
5.7
479

55.8
100
3.0
12.8
–284
73
82.4
359

48.1
140
2.2
2.9
–134
344
127.0
964

The Little Data Book

2010

137

Malta
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

412
320
6.8
8.4

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.7
..
16,690
20,580

1990

2000

2008

..
75
2.1
..
..
..
11
..
80
102
82
95
..

..
78
1.7
16
..
..
7
..
74
107
89
100
0.1

..
80
1.4
11
..
100
6
..
78
98
98
101
0.1

3.0

3.0

..
100
..
1,931
6.3
2,778

..
100
..
1,733
5.5
4,313

3.0
0.00
100.0
100
..
2,120
6.3
4,845

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.3
6.3
3.2
3
39
58
85
99
33
..
..

3.9
6.3
10.2
..
..
..
92
103
26
..
..

7.4
3.8
2.5
..
..
..
88
90
22
39.2
–2.2

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
2.1
0
0.0
..
45

..
52.6
1.5
29
13.1
88.0
72

..
75.6
1.5
94
48.3
..
50

133.9
123
..
..
2
58
45.8
5.3

150.7
100
..
..
3
20
601.0
21.2

105.4
..
..
..
9
50
862.8
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

138

2010

The Little Data Book

Marshall Islands
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income
60
180
195
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.3
..
3,270
..

1990

2000

2008

..
..
..
..
..
..
49
..
52
..
..
..
..

..
65
5.5
..
34
95
39
..
94
125
87
98
..

..
..
4.5
..
45
86
36
..
94
91
66
99
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

..

..

..
96
75
..
1.0
..

..
88
81
..
1.5
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
1.6
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

69
7.0
0.7
15
14
71
..
..
..
..
..

108
0.9
11.8
9
19
72
..
..
..
..
..

158
1.5
4.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
..
1
1.6
..
..

17
..
..
2
3.7
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.3

59.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
57.2

75.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
53.2

The Little Data Book

2010

139

Mauritania
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
3.2
1,031
2.6
6.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.4
46.3
840
1,990

1990

2000

2008

..
56
5.9
..
3
40
129
..
38
30
14
71
0.1

6.2
56
5.1
97
8
57
122
30.4
62
51
18
95
0.6

..
57
4.5
88
9
61
118
23.2
65
64
23
104
0.8

4.2

3.2

..
37
20
..
1.3
..

..
50
22
..
0.5
..

2.5
3.0
425.0
60
24
..
0.5
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.0
–1.8
2.6
30
29
42
46
61
20
..
..

1.1
1.9
1.3
28
30
43
46
74
19
..
..

2.9
1.9
–2.6
13
47
41
58
65
26
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
3.9
0
0.0
11.0
..

..
..
3.5
1
0.2
11.3
..

19
..
3.8
65
1.9
26.8
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

84.1
97
2.1
29.8
–30
13.7
6.7
236

74.8
100
2.4
27.7
10
2.0
40.1
216

122.5
191
2.0
..
30
2.0
103.0
311

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

140

2010

The Little Data Book

Mauritius
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
1.3
2.0
8.5
16.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.6
..
6,700
12,580

1990

2000

2008

..
69
2.3
..
75
91
24
..
76
106
53
102
0.1

..
72
2.0
39
76
100
19
..
84
103
77
99
0.2

..
73
1.6
40
..
99
17
..
98
90
88
100
1.7

390

380

..
100
94
..
1.4
..

..
100
94
..
2.3
..

366
0.4
26.4
100
94
..
3.1
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.7
7.2
10.1
13
33
54
65
72
30
22.5
0.3

4.6
9.0
2.1
7
31
62
61
62
26
20.9
–1.1

9.3
4.5
7.6
4
29
67
53
68
27
21.7
0.6

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
10.1
0.3
0
0.0
93.0
1

..
29.0
0.2
15
7.3
97.0
1

6
36.9
0.2
81
22.2
98.0
7

106.0
93
934
8.5
–30
..
41.0
88

79.6
100
946
16.9
–2
177.0
265.6
20

75.1
82
626
2.8
0
215.0
377.7
110

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

141

Mayotte
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Upper middle income
191
370
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.8
..
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
75
4.1
60
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
76
3.1
43
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

58

56

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

54
0.4
..
..
..
..
..
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
13
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
6
82.0
..
61

..
..
..
..
4
..
..
103

..
..
..
..
4
..
..
475

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

142

2010

The Little Data Book

Mexico
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

106
1,964
1,062.4
1,525.4

Upper middle income
Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.0
47.0
9,990
14,340

1990

2000

2008

3.9
71
3.4
..
..
..
45
13.9
75
88
55
97
0.2

3.9
74
2.7
74
70
..
26
6.0
96
100
73
100
0.3

3.8
75
2.1
64
71
93
17
3.4
96
104
87
101
0.3
637
0.5
19.1
95
81
1,750
4.2
2,036

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

690

655

..
88
56
1,456
4.6
1,295

..
93
76
1,505
3.9
1,794

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

262.7
5.1
28.1
8
28
64
19
20
23
15.3
–2.5

581.4 1,088.1
6.6
1.8
12.1
6.5
4
4
28
37
68
59
31
28
33
30
24
26
14.7
..
–1.2
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

..
12.4
0.4
0
0.0
35.1
8

..
21.5
0.5
14
5.2
32.8
22

13
21.4
0.4
71
22.2
38.2
19

32.1
102
104
20.7
–1,615
3.1
2.5
156

60.0
100
151
30.4
–1,176
7.5
17.9
–58

56.5
106
204
12.1
–2,702
26.3
22.5
149

The Little Data Book

2010

143

Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income
110
700
272
361

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

144

2010

The Little Data Book

0.3
..
2,460
3,270

1990

2000

2008

..
66
5.0
..
..
..
58
..
81
..
..
..
..

1.6
67
4.3
40
45
88
47
..
85
..
..
..
..

..
69
3.6
25
..
..
39
..
92
..
91
102
..

..

1

..
88
29
..
..
..

..
92
26
..
..
..

1
0.00
..
94
25
..
..
..

147
3.7
4.9
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

226
4.8
1.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

258
–2.9
4.8
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
15.9
..

..
..
..
0
3.7
17.5
..

16
..
..
31
14.5
..
..

..
..
..
..
–2
..
..
0.5

56.8
100
..
..
–14
..
..
101.5

60.9
83
..
..
–10
..
..
94.1

Moldova
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
3.6
34
5.3
11.7

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.9
48.5
1,500
3,270

1990

2000

2008

6.9
67
2.4
..
..
..
37
..
73
..
81
105
..

7.1
67
1.6
48
62
..
24
..
89
90
83
99
0.1

6.7
68
1.5
33
68
100
17
3.2
94
84
83
102
0.4

3.2

3.3

..
..
..
2,261
4.8
2,740

..
92
78
694
1.6
892

3.3
–0.2
231.0
90
79
910
2.1
1,319

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.6
–2.4
13.5
36
37
27
48
51
25
..
..

1.3
2.1
27.3
29
22
49
50
75
24
24.5
–1.5

6.0
7.2
9.7
11
15
74
41
92
37
34.4
–0.4

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
87.1
..

..
30.4
0.4
3
1.3
86.1
3

10
..
0.4
67
23.4
85.7
4

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

..
..
0.0
..
–89
..
17.0
..

96.9
..
1.7
18.0
–253
0.2
127.5
122.5

107.4
..
3.8
11.3
–320
1.9
707.6
298.8

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

145

Monaco
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

33
2.0
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

146

2010

The Little Data Book

0.3
..
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
..
..
..
..
..
8
..
99
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
5
..
99
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
4
..
99
..
..
..
..

..

..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
100.0
..

..
..
..
..
..
100.0
..

..
..
..
..
..
100.0
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Mongolia
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
2.6
1,564
4.4
9.2

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.1
36.1
1,670
3,470

1990

2000

2008

..
61
4.2
..
..
..
98
..
92
..
88
109
..

7.4
64
2.2
10
67
97
63
11.6
92
90
65
111
..

7.1
67
2.0
16
66
100
41
5.3
97
93
95
104
0.0

115

107

..
64
..
1,541
4.5
1,523

..
68
48
989
3.1
1,080

101
0.8
1.3
72
50
1,182
3.7
1,369

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.1
–2.5
0.0
15
41
44
22
49
36
18.3
–0.6

1.1
0.5
26.1
33
20
47
56
71
29
25.4
0.2

5.3
8.9
22.4
21
40
39
57
72
39
32.1
–3.5

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
5.7
0
0.0
10.2
..

..
3.4
2.2
6
1.3
3.5
0

13
7.7
1.4
67
12.5
..
8

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

75.7
..
0.3
17.1
33
..
11.1
13

105.7
100
0.9
5.9
–50
12.0
53.7
217

117.1
180
1.7
2.1
17
200.0
683.0
246

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

147

Montenegro
Europe & Central Asia
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
622
14
4.1
8.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.2
..
6,660
13,420

1990

2000

2008

..
75
1.9
..
..
..
15
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
75
1.8
21
..
..
14
..
..
..
..
..
..

6.5
74
1.6
15
39
99
8
2.2
89
..
..
..
..

..

..

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

6
..
..
98
91
..
..
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

982
3.1
20.2
12
23
64
37
51
22
..
..

4,891
8.1
10.0
9
18
73
40
75
36
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

13
58.5
1.5
118
47.2
..
..

..
..
..
..
–4
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
15
..
..
..

81.2
..
1.5
..
–51
..
939.0
106.3

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

148

2010

The Little Data Book

Morocco
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

32
447
80.8
134.4

Lower middle income
Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.2
..
2,520
4,180

1990

2000

2008

6.6
64
4.0
..
42
31
88
8.1
79
51
38
70
..

6.3
69
2.7
26
..
..
54
..
93
57
38
82
0.1

6.5
71
2.4
19
..
..
36
..
96
81
56
88
0.1

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

43

43

..
75
52
280
0.9
359

..
80
65
355
1.2
483

44
–0.1
43.4
83
72
460
1.5
707

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

25.8
4.0
5.5
18
33
48
26
32
25
..
..

37.0
1.6
–0.6
15
29
56
28
33
26
30.0
–3.1

88.9
5.6
5.9
15
30
55
37
50
36
36.0
2.9

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
3.7
4.1
0
0.0
49.1
..

..
29.4
2.3
8
0.7
56.4
11

12
74.0
3.3
72
33.0
62.0
9

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

43.3
85
25
21.5
–250
2.0
0.2
1.0

51.2
100
21
21.0
–500
2.2
0.2
0.4

69.5
98
21
10.3
–550
6.9
2.5
1.2

The Little Data Book

2010

149

Mozambique
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
22
799
8.4
17.2

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.3
55.2
380
770

1990

2000

2008

..
43
6.2
..
..
..
249
..
59
26
7
71
1.4

..
48
5.7
147
..
..
183
..
71
16
6
75
9.5

..
48
5.1
146
16
55
130
..
77
59
21
87
12.5

200

195

..
36
20
437
0.1
40

..
41
27
393
0.1
122

192
0.3
0.6
42
31
418
0.1
472

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.5
1.0
34.1
37
18
44
8
36
22
..
..

4.2
1.1
12.0
24
25
51
18
37
31
..
..

9.8
6.8
7.7
29
24
47
33
46
19
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
3.4
0
0.0
16.8
..

..
..
1.3
0
0.1
18.7
9

26
..
0.9
20
1.6
..
4

40.8
175
4.6
26.2
–1,300
70
9.2
1.0

35.8
100
7.2
12.5
75
37
139.2
0.9

68.1
108
3.4
1.2
–20
116
587.1
2.0

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

150

2010

The Little Data Book

Myanmar
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
50
677
..
49.2

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.9
32.0
..
1,020

1990

2000

2008

..
59
3.4
..
17
..
120
..
68
..
21
95
0.4

..
60
2.5
22
37
57
107
30.1
84
80
38
100
0.9

..
62
2.3
18
..
..
98
..
82
97
49
99
0.7

392

346

..
57
23
261
0.1
45

..
71
59
268
0.2
75

313
1.3
3.8
80
82
319
0.2
94

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

..
2.8
18.5
57
11
32
2
4
13
10.5
..

..
13.7
2.5
57
10
33
0
1
12
5.3
..

..
12.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
3.4
0
0.0
10.9
0

..
..
2.3
0
0.0
11.4
..

..
..
..
1
0.2
11.9
..

..
252
4.7
18.4
–137
6.0
162.8
161

..
100
5.9
3.9
4
103.6
258.3
106

..
144
7.2
2.5
–1,000
150.0
283.0
534

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

151

Namibia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
2.1
824
9.0
13.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.0
..
4,210
6,250

1990

2000

2008

..
62
5.2
..
29
68
72
21.5
76
..
39
106
1.2

..
59
4.0
86
44
76
77
20.3
69
92
61
103
14.0

..
61
3.4
72
55
81
42
17.5
73
81
66
104
15.3

88

80

..
57
26
446
0.01
1,052

..
81
32
559
0.97
1,226

75
0.9
4.9
93
35
745
1.38
1,541

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.4
2.5
4.3
12
38
50
52
67
34
31.3
–2.6

3.9
3.5
26.7
12
28
60
41
45
17
30.1
–1.6

8.8
2.9
13.7
9
37
53
42
61
26
29.1
2.0

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
0.7
5.8
0
0.0
10.8
..

..
8.0
2.4
4
1.6
12.8
2

66
7.0
3.0
49
5.3
..
1

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

95.6
93
..
..
73
13.5
29.6
120

73.4
100
..
..
–6
9.5
118.9
152

84.6
121
..
..
–1
13.8
535.2
207

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

152

2010

The Little Data Book

Nepal
South Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
29
147
11.5
32.1

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.8
30.9
400
1,120

1990

2000

2008

..
54
5.2
..
23
7
142
..
57
50
32
59
0.1

..
62
4.0
121
37
12
85
43.0
71
66
35
77
0.5

..
67
2.9
99
48
19
51
38.8
79
76
43
93
0.5

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

48

39

..
72
9
303
0.03
35

..
83
20
332
0.13
58

35
1.8
5.1
89
27
338
0.12
80

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

3.6
4.6
10.7
52
16
32
11
22
18
8.4
..

5.5
6.2
4.5
41
22
37
23
32
24
10.6
..

12.6
5.3
6.7
34
17
50
12
33
32
12.3
–1.0

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
1.1
0
0.0
37.5
..

..
14.4
1.0
0
0.2
..
0

31
38.8
1.5
15
1.7
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

24.1
..
1.6
15.2
–145
..
5.9
423

43.3
100
2.9
6.9
–99
0.1
–0.5
387

37.0
78
3.7
3.6
–100
2.7
1.0
716

The Little Data Book

2010

153

Netherlands
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

16
42
811.3
667.9

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.4
..
49,340
40,620

1990

2000

2008

..
77
1.6
..
76
..
8
..
94
..
119
97
0.1

7.6
78
1.7
5
75
100
6
..
96
97
123
97
0.2

..
80
1.8
4
..
..
5
..
96
..
120
98
0.2

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

3.5

3.6

..
100
100
4,392
11.2
5,218

..
100
100
4,593
10.6
6,560

3.7
–0.4
72.2
100
100
4,909
10.3
7,097

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

294.9
4.2
1.6
4
29
66
56
53
23
..
..

385.1
3.9
4.1
3
25
72
70
65
22
40.7
2.0

871.0
2.1
2.7
2
25
73
77
69
21
40.8
0.3

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
40.7
2.5
1
0.3
88.0
16

..
166.3
1.6
68
44.0
90.0
35

10
44.5
1.4
125
87.0
..
22

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

87.5
96
..
..
165
0.7
10.7
..

117.2
100
..
..
184
1.2
63.1
..

138.7
103
..
..
110
3.3
–2.4
..

154

2010

The Little Data Book

Netherlands Antilles
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

195
800
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

1990

2000

2008

..
75
2.3
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
93
..
..

..
75
2.1
40
..
..
..
..
..
108
87
101
..

..
76
2.0
31
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

12

12

..
..
..
7,648
32.6
3,557

..
..
..
10,960
18.2
5,402

12
0.00
..
..
..
11,321
22.8
5,658

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
..
16
1.1
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
–3
4.5
8.1
58.0

..
100
..
..
–19
12.5
–12.7
127.0

..
118
..
..
–1
32.4
231.8
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

1.6
..
..
..

The Little Data Book

2010

155

New Caledonia
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

247
19
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

156

2010

The Little Data Book

1.8
..
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
70
3.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
75
2.6
31
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
76
2.2
26
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

7.2

7.2

..
..
..
..
9.7
..

..
..
..
..
10.8
..

7.2
0.00
..
..
..
..
12.3
..

2.5
3.6
–4.6
4
23
73
18
35
31
..
..

2.7
2.1
–0.6
..
..
..
13
33
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
..
23
14.1
..
1

..
..
..
80
34.5
..
1

52.7
..
..
..
0
..
..
302.4

57.0
100
..
..
6
332.7
0.1
314.5

..
186
..
..
5
623.6
1.6
..

New Zealand
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

4.3
268
118.8
107.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.0
..
27,830
25,200

1990

2000

2008

..
75
2.2
..
..
..
11
..
90
100
88
100
0.1

..
79
2.0
29
..
97
8
..
85
..
110
103
0.1

..
80
2.2
22
..
..
6
..
86
..
120
102
0.1

77

82

..
97
..
3,859
6.6
8,298

..
..
..
4,360
8.1
9,076

83
–0.5
0.6
..
..
3,966
7.3
9,622

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

44.0
0.0
2.4
7
28
65
27
27
20
..
..

50.9
2.4
3.3
9
25
66
36
34
22
34.2
1.7

129.9
–1.1
3.6
..
..
..
29
30
24
37.1
3.2

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
20.1
1.8
2
0.0
57.0
4

..
37.1
1.2
40
47.5
62.8
10

1
18.6
1.1
108
71.4
65.4
9

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

43.0
105
..
..
–30
762
1.7
..

53.4
100
..
..
42
236
3.8
..

50.0
126
..
..
103
626
5.5
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

157

Nicaragua
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
5.7
130
6.1
14.9

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.3
45.8
1,080
2,620

1990

2000

2008

..
64
4.8
..
..
..
68
..
82
39
36
109
0.1

4.0
70
3.3
126
69
67
42
7.8
86
66
53
105
0.1

3.8
73
2.7
112
72
74
27
4.3
99
75
68
102
0.2

65

55

..
70
42
506
0.6
295

..
77
46
533
0.8
337

50
1.6
0.7
79
48
621
0.8
446

1.0
–0.1
5,018.1
..
..
..
25
46
19
30.0
–34.2

3.9
4.1
8.6
21
28
51
24
51
30
15.1
–3.6

6.6
3.5
16.8
19
30
51
33
67
32
18.4
–1.1

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
4.0
0
0.0
10.5
..

..
..
0.8
2
1.0
11.1
5

39
..
0.6
55
3.3
..
4

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

95.9
155
10.8
3.9
–156
10
0.7
330

62.2
100
6.7
19.7
–158
320
266.9
560

87.6
75
3.6
7.3
–206
818
626.1
741

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

158

2010

The Little Data Book

Niger
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
15
1,267
4.8
10.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

3.9
..
330
680

1990

2000

2008

7.5
42
7.9
..
4
15
305
41.0
25
16
6
53
0.1

..
46
7.5
219
14
16
227
43.6
34
18
7
65
0.7

5.9
51
7.1
156
11
33
167
39.9
80
38
11
74
0.8

19

13

..
41
3
..
0.1
..

..
41
5
..
0.1
..

12
2.6
62.3
42
7
..
0.1
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.5
–1.3
–1.6
35
16
49
15
22
8
..
..

1.8
–1.4
4.5
38
18
44
18
26
11
..
..

5.4
9.5
7.6
..
..
..
15
25
23
13.6
–0.9

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
29.0
..

..
..
0.0
0
0.0
25.7
6

17
..
0.0
13
0.5
20.7
8

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

27.0
165
1.8
17.4
–92
14
40.8
388

37.7
100
1.7
7.7
24
14
8.4
208

42.4
233
1.0
3.1
–28
79
147.0
605

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

159

Nigeria
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
151
924
177.4
299.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.3
..
1,170
1,980

1990

2000

2008

..
45
6.6
..
6
33
230
35.1
54
..
23
78
0.7

..
46
5.9
135
15
42
207
..
35
..
25
80
3.1

..
48
5.7
124
15
39
186
..
62
..
30
85
3.1

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

172

131

..
50
26
725
0.5
85

..
49
28
710
0.6
73

103
3.0
3.6
47
30
722
0.7
137

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

28.5
8.2
7.2
..
..
..
43
29
..
..
..

46.0
5.4
38.2
49
31
21
54
32
..
..
..

207.1
6.0
11.0
33
41
27
42
25
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
4.8
0.9
0
0.0
30.0
..

..
9.2
0.0
0
0.1
30.9
0

31
24.0
0.0
42
15.9
..
0

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

67.5
89
33
22.6
–91
0.0
0.6
0.3

64.6
100
31
8.2
–95
1.4
1.1
0.2

59.7
210
11
1.4
–170
10.0
3.6
1.3

160

2010

The Little Data Book

Northern Mariana Islands
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

85
460
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)
1990

2000

2008

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
100
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..

0

..
98
84
..
..
..

..
98
92
..
..
..

0
0.2
..
98
94
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
..
4
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
63.1

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.1

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

1.9
..
..
..

The Little Data Book

2010

161

Norway
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

4.8
324
416.4
282.5

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.2
..
87,340
59,250

1990

2000

2008

..
77
1.9
..
74
100
9
..
87
96
101
102
0.1

9.6
79
1.9
11
..
..
5
..
88
98
116
101
0.1

..
81
2.0
8
..
..
4
..
93
96
113
99
0.1

91

93

..
100
..
4,951
7.4
23,354

..
100
..
5,645
8.6
24,994

94
–0.2
0.6
100
..
5,704
8.6
24,980

117.6
1.9
3.8
3
34
63
40
34
23
..
..

168.3
3.3
15.7
2
42
56
47
29
20
48.4
15.7

451.8
2.1
9.6
1
46
53
48
29
23
51.2
19.9

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
22.2
2.9
5
0.7
69.0
12

..
38.6
1.7
72
26.7
76.0
17

7
27.9
1.3
110
82.5
79.6
20

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

52.1
67
..
..
34
158
1.0
..

56.1
100
..
..
53
270
7.0
..

56.9
157
..
..
84
685
–1.5
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

162

2010

The Little Data Book

Oman
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

2.8
310
39.1
60.4

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.1
..
14,330
22,170

1990

2000

2008

..
70
6.6
..
9
..
31
..
98
65
39
89
..

..
74
4.4
30
32
95
17
11.3
99
82
78
98
..

..
76
3.0
10
..
99
12
..
99
80
88
99
..

20

20

..
81
85
2,304
5.6
2,150

..
82
87
3,622
9.2
3,140

20
0.00
94.4
..
..
5,678
15.5
4,484

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

11.7
–0.1
24.8
3
54
43
47
28
12
35.0
–0.3

19.9
5.4
20.0
2
57
41
59
31
12
23.9
–4.4

41.6
7.7
5.0
..
..
..
56
40
31
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
8.5
16.5
0
0.0
21.0
2

..
17.4
10.6
7
3.5
30.0
3

12
55.4
10.4
116
20.0
41.3
1

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

71.1
..
..
..
9
39
0.1
61

82.8
100
..
..
–70
39
0.1
45

97.8
156
..
..
–50
39
2.9
32

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

163

Pakistan
South Asia

Lower middle income

Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

166
796
157.3
430.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.1
..
950
2,590

1990

2000

2008

8.1
61
6.1
..
15
19
130
39.0
50
..
22
..
..

9.4
64
4.7
53
28
23
108
31.3
56
..
..
..
0.1

9.1
67
4.0
45
30
39
89
..
85
60
33
80
0.1

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

25

21

..
86
33
397
0.6
277

..
88
48
457
0.8
374

18
1.9
308.0
90
58
512
0.9
474

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

40.0
4.5
6.5
26
25
49
16
23
19
19.1
–2.5

74.0
4.3
24.9
26
23
51
13
15
17
13.9
–4.1

164.5
2.0
16.3
20
27
53
13
24
22
13.4
–7.4

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
7.1
6.8
0
0.0
54.0
0

..
8.9
4.0
0
1.4
56.0
0

20
14.3
3.3
53
11.1
65.4
2

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

32.6
109
21
21.3
740
2.0
0.2
1.1

26.9
100
33
25.2
–41
1.1
0.3
0.7

38.1
58
49
8.7
–1,239
7.0
5.4
1.5

164

2010

The Little Data Book

Palau
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Upper middle income
20
460
175
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.6
..
8,630
..

1990

2000

2008

..
69
2.8
..
47
99
21
..
98
..
..
..
..

..
70
1.5
..
17
100
16
..
83
..
..
..
..

..
69
..
..
..
..
15
..
97
..
97
99
..

..

0

..
90
61
..
7.1
..

..
90
65
..
6.1
..

0
–0.4
..
89
67
..
5.8
..

77
–6.4
5.0
19
13
69
20
39
..
..
..

120
0.3
5.3
4
15
81
10
106
..
..
..

181
–1.0
11.1
3
21
76
68
64
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
..
0.0
..
..

..
..
..
12
20.0
..
..

28
..
..
60
..
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
0.0

112.8
100
..
..
..
..
..
39.1

73.9
96
..
..
..
..
..
42.9

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book

2010

165

Panama
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
3.4
75
22.7
42.9

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.6
36.8
6,690
12,630

1990

2000

2008

1.9
72
3.0
..
..
..
31
..
73
..
61
..
0.4

2.4
74
2.7
91
..
90
26
..
97
94
67
100
0.9

2.5
76
2.5
82
..
92
23
..
85
102
71
101
1.0

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

44

43

..
..
..
618
1.3
853

..
92
69
874
2.0
1,301

43
0.1
0.6
92
74
845
2.0
1,592

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.3
8.1
0.6
10
15
75
87
79
17
25.6
2.0

11.6
2.7
–1.2
7
19
74
73
70
24
23.1
–0.8

23.1
9.2
8.5
6
17
76
75
74
23
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
3.4
1.4
0
0.0
32.0
..

..
24.0
1.0
14
6.6
34.6
0

12
28.4
..
115
27.5
..
0

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

35.4
69
6.5
6.2
–15
110
0.1
99

36.5
100
6.6
9.4
11
16
0.6
15

44.3
86
10.7
9.2
8
196
2.4
29

166

2010

The Little Data Book

Papua New Guinea
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
6.6
46.3
6.8
13.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

2.4
..
1,040
2,030

1990

2000

2008

..
55
4.8
..
..
..
91
..
67
48
11
80
..

..
58
4.5
80
..
41
77
..
62
..
..
..
0.3

..
61
4.1
54
32
53
69
18.1
54
..
..
..
1.5

315

301

..
39
44
..
0.5
..

..
39
44
..
0.5
..

292
0.5
0.0
40
45
..
0.7
..

3.2
–3.0
4.1
31
32
37
41
49
24
25.2
–2.2

3.5
–2.5
13.1
36
41
23
66
49
22
24.2
–1.9

8.2
6.6
11.6
34
48
18
72
60
19
..
..

..
..
2.1
0
0.0
3.2
..

..
49.3
0.9
0
0.8
3.5
19

56
118.3
0.4
9
1.8
..
..

73.6
..
2.6
37.2
0
5.4
155.4
412

92.2
100
2.6
12.9
0
7.2
95.9
275

112.3
177
1.4
11.2
0
13.3
–30.0
304

The Little Data Book

2010

167

Paraguay
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
6.2
407
13.1
29.1

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.8
..
2,110
4,660

1990

2000

2008

5.8
68
4.5
..
48
66
42
2.8
69
65
31
98
0.1

2.2
70
3.7
87
57
61
34
..
92
92
61
98
0.3

3.4
72
3.0
72
79
82
28
..
77
95
66
99
0.6

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

212

194

..
52
60
723
0.5
501

..
69
67
720
0.7
880

181
0.9
0.5
77
70
686
0.7
958

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.3
3.1
36.3
28
25
47
33
39
23
..
..

7.1
–3.3
12.1
17
22
61
38
49
19
..
..

16.0
5.8
7.1
20
18
61
53
59
20
21.3
3.4

..
..
1.2
0
0.0
..
0

..
3.5
1.1
15
0.7
50.8
3

35
4.4
0.8
95
14.3
..
9

43.9
103
2.1
12.4
–17
34
76.9
57

43.3
100
3.1
10.6
–43
278
104.1
82

91.5
107
4.2
4.8
–45
503
319.7
134

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

168

2010

The Little Data Book

Peru
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

29
1,285
115.1
229.3

Upper middle income
Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

1.1
51.6
3,990
7,950

1990

2000

2008

5.6
66
3.8
..
59
80
81
8.8
64
..
67
96
0.1

3.2
71
2.9
66
69
59
41
5.2
97
102
85
97
0.4

3.6
73
2.6
54
71
71
24
5.4
90
103
98
101
0.5

702

692

..
75
55
447
1.0
548

..
81
65
468
1.2
678

686
0.1
1.2
84
72
494
1.4
961

26.3
–5.1
6,836.9
9
27
64
16
14
16
12.5
–8.1

53.3
3.0
3.7
8
30
62
16
18
20
17.4
–2.1

129.1
9.8
2.3
7
36
57
27
26
26
19.6
2.0

..
3.1
0.1
0
0.0
9.9
2

..
19.8
1.7
5
3.1
13.4
4

41
43.1
1.2
73
24.7
13.9
2

22.3
114
20
10.8
–180
0.1
0.0
397

27.1
100
29
25.8
–350
0.7
0.8
397

47.6
137
29
12.5
–525
2.4
4.1
466

The Little Data Book

2010

169

Philippines
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
90
300
170.4
352.7

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.8
..
1,890
3,900

1990

2000

2008

5.9
65
4.3
..
36
..
61
..
85
88
71
100
..

5.4
69
3.5
48
47
58
36
..
80
101
75
103
..

5.6
72
3.1
44
51
62
32
26.2
92
92
81
102
..

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

106

79

..
83
58
440
0.7
376

..
90
72
527
1.0
501

68
2.5
6.0
93
78
451
0.8
586

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

44.3
3.0
13.0
22
34
44
28
33
24
16.2
–2.8

75.9
6.0
6.3
16
32
52
55
53
21
15.2
–3.9

166.9
3.8
7.5
15
32
53
37
39
15
15.8
–1.3

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
13.4
1.4
0
0.0
..
32

..
34.2
1.1
8
2.0
9.5
73

52
31.2
0.8
75
6.2
..
66

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

47.8
87
31
27.0
–465
1.5
0.5
1.3

101.2
100
58
14.3
–900
7.0
2.2
0.6

64.8
67
65
15.5
–900
18.6
1.4
0.1

170

2010

The Little Data Book

Poland
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
38
313
447.1
637.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.0
14.8
11,730
16,710

1990

2000

2008

9.1
71
2.0
..
49
..
17
..
95
98
88
100
..

7.9
74
1.3
17
..
100
10
..
97
95
100
98
0.1

7.3
76
1.4
14
..
100
7
..
98
96
100
99
0.1

89

91

..
..
..
2,705
9.1
3,272

..
..
..
2,317
7.8
3,240

92
–0.2
30.2
..
..
2,547
8.3
3,662

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

59.0
–7.0
55.2
8
50
42
29
22
26
..
..

171.3
4.3
7.2
5
32
63
27
34
25
31.5
–2.8

527.9
4.9
3.0
5
31
65
40
43
24
32.0
–3.7

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
0.2
2.6
0
0.0
61.6
4

..
18.3
1.8
18
7.3
68.3
3

32
17.1
2.0
115
49.0
90.3
5

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

43.9
95
49
4.9
–202
..
0.1
..

47.2
100
65
20.4
–300
1.5
9.3
..

70.4
107
218
25.0
–200
10.4
14.8
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

171

Portugal
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

11
92
219.6
237.2

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.1
..
20,680
22,330

1990

2000

2008

..
74
1.4
..
..
98
15
..
85
93
59
103
0.2

..
77
1.5
20
..
100
7
..
87
..
107
101
0.5

..
79
1.4
16
..
..
4
..
97
..
101
101
0.5

31

36

..
96
92
1,691
4.5
2,564

..
99
97
2,413
6.2
4,014

39
–1.3
29.6
99
99
2,363
5.7
4,860

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

75.3
4.0
13.1
9
28
62
31
38
27
..
..

112.6
3.9
3.0
4
28
69
30
41
28
34.9
–2.6

243.5
0.0
1.9
2
24
74
33
42
22
39.2
–2.7

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
12.2
2.5
0
0.0
..
4

..
53.9
2.0
65
16.4
86.0
6

6
28.2
2.0
140
42.1
..
8

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

55.4
103
..
..
–187
4.5
2.6
..

57.1
100
..
..
150
3.5
6.7
..

59.8
..
..
..
291
4.1
3.6
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

172

2010

The Little Data Book

Puerto Rico
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

4.0
9.0
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.3
..
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
75
2.2
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
77
2.0
71
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
79
1.8
53
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

4.0

4.1

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

4.1
–0.1
..
..
..
..
..
..

30.6
3.8
4.3
1
42
57
77
101
17
..
..

61.0
2.4
3.1
1
41
58
75
98
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
1
0.0
..
..

..
..
..
24
10.5
94.0
..

7
..
..
86
25.3
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

..
..
..
..
–51
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
–25
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
–27
..
..
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book

2010

173

Qatar
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

1.3
12
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

11.9
..
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
70
4.4
..
..
..
20
..
79
70
83
98
..

..
74
3.1
22
43
100
14
..
91
87
87
100
..

3.9
76
2.4
16
..
..
10
..
92
115
93
120
..

..

..

..
100
100
14,732
25.2
9,773

..
100
100
18,586
56.3
13,782

..
..
870.6
100
100
19,504
46.1
12,915

7.4
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

17.8
3.3
–4.4
..
..
..
67
22
20
..
..

71.0
12.2
19.1
..
..
..
64
38
32
45.5
12.5

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
1
0.0
85.6
0

..
29.0
..
20
4.9
90.0
0

6
134.4
..
131
34.0
..
0

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

75.9
..
..
..
61
..
..
1.5

83.6
100
..
..
43
..
..
..

90.1
249
..
..
219
..
..
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

174

2010

The Little Data Book

Romania
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
22
238
178.1
287.9

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.2
28.9
8,280
13,380

1990

2000

2008

9.3
70
1.8
..
..
..
32
..
..
100
102
99
..

8.2
71
1.3
39
64
99
23
3.7
..
102
81
100
0.1

7.9
73
1.4
31
..
98
14
..
..
120
87
99
0.1

64

64

..
76
72
2,683
6.8
2,924

..
85
73
1,612
3.9
1,988

64
0.00
54.8
88
72
1,806
4.6
2,452

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

38.3
–5.6
13.6
24
50
26
17
26
30
..
..

37.1
2.1
44.3
13
36
51
33
38
20
25.8
–2.0

200.1
9.4
11.6
7
25
68
30
40
31
30.9
–4.6

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
4.5
0
0.0
51.0
2

..
2.9
2.5
11
3.6
49.5
6

10
10.0
1.5
114
28.8
..
7

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

32.8
..
1.1
0.3
–121
..
0.0
..

63.6
..
11.2
20.1
–350
0.1
1.0
..

66.1
..
104.9
25.3
–270
9.4
13.9
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

175

Russian Federation
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
142
17,098
1,371.2
2,193.9

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

176

2010

The Little Data Book

–0.1
19.6
9,660
15,460

1990

2000

2008

10.0
69
1.9
..
34
..
27
..
83
..
95
104
..

6.0
65
1.2
32
73
99
24
..
97
94
..
..
0.3

5.6
68
1.5
25
..
100
13
..
99
94
84
98
1.1

8,090

8,093

..
94
87
5,867
13.9
6,673

..
96
87
4,170
9.9
5,209

8,086
0.00
1.8
97
87
4,730
11.0
6,317

516.8
–3.0
15.9
17
48
35
18
18
30
..
..

259.7 1,679.5
10.0
5.6
37.7
19.2
6
5
38
37
56
58
44
31
24
22
19
26
31.7
33.4
7.0
5.6

..
0.0
19.1
0
0.0
74.2
..

..
15.0
3.7
2
2.0
67.4
17

30
78.7
3.5
141
31.9
80.9
7

..
..
78
..
1
..
1.2
..

57.8
..
160
9.9
2
1.3
2.7
..

45.5
..
402
11.5
1
6.0
72.9
..

Rwanda
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
9.7
26
4.3
10.8

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

2.8
56.9
440
1,110

1990

2000

2008

..
33
6.8
..
21
26
174
24.3
83
37
8
95
9.2

5.4
43
5.9
50
13
31
186
20.3
74
22
11
96
4.7

..
50
5.4
36
36
52
112
18.0
92
54
22
100
2.8

3.2

3.4

..
65
29
..
0.1
..

..
65
25
..
0.1
..

5.3
–3.1
1.6
65
23
..
0.1
..

2.6
–2.4
13.5
33
25
43
6
14
15
10.8
–5.4

1.7
8.1
–3.0
37
14
49
9
26
18
..
..

4.5
11.2
17.4
37
14
48
15
31
24
..
..

..
..
3.7
0
0.0
9.0
..

..
..
3.5
0
0.1
..
1

3
..
1.5
14
3.1
..
7

15.4
40
0.7
13.4
0
2.6
7.6
288

15.2
100
1.3
24.1
2
6.6
8.3
321

30.5
170
0.7
4.0
0
67.8
103.4
931

The Little Data Book

2010

177

Samoa
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income
179
2.8
504
789

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

178

2010

The Little Data Book

0.0
..
2,820
4,410

1990

2000

2008

..
65
4.8
..
..
76
50
..
89
..
35
118
..

..
69
4.5
41
..
100
34
..
93
94
78
106
..

..
72
4.0
27
..
..
26
..
45
100
78
105
..

1.3

1.7

..
91
98
..
0.8
..

..
89
100
..
0.8
..

1.7
–1.6
..
88
100
..
0.9
..

112
–4.4
9.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

232
7.0
2.8
17
26
57
34
57
..
..
..

523
–3.4
2.8
11
29
60
34
55
..
..
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
..
1
0.6
14.2
1

9
..
..
69
5.0
..
1

80.3
..
92
5.8
–20
43
6.6
48

51.8
100
147
3.8
–14
45
–1.5
27

49.4
73
257
7.7
–19
135
6.0
39

San Marino
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

31
60
1.4
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.4
..
46,770
..

1990

2000

2008

..
..
..
..
..
..
15
..
99
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
6
..
74
..
..
..
..

..
82
1.5
..
..
..
2
..
73
..
..
..
..

1.0

1.0

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

1.0
0.00
..
..
..
..
..
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

774
2.2
2.5
..
..
..
..
..
..
46.4
1.3

1,703
4.5
1.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
45.5
6.2

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
77
54.8
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

179

São Tomé and Príncipe
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income
160
960
164
286

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.6
..
1,030
1,790

1990

2000

2008

..
62
5.4
..
..
..
101
..
71
78
40
..
..

5.2
64
4.6
87
29
79
99
10.1
69
62
..
..
..

..
66
3.8
65
30
81
98
..
93
76
46
100
..

274

274

..
..
..
..
0.6
..

..
82
22
..
0.6
..

274
0.00
..
86
24
..
0.7
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

76
11.6
9.3
20
17
63
..
..
..
..
..

175
5.8
23.7
17
21
63
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
61.6
..

..
..
..
0
4.6
68.1
1

144
..
..
31
15.5
..
0

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

..
..
150
34.4
–3
0.3
–0.1
54

40.7
..
310
25.8
–6
0.5
3.8
35

60.4
..
178
39.2
–7
2.0
33.0
47

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

180

2010

The Little Data Book

Saudi Arabia
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

25
2,000
440.5
603.9

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.0
..
17,870
24,500

1990

2000

2008

..
68
5.8
..
..
..
43
..
88
53
43
84
..

..
71
4.2
36
..
93
23
..
94
..
..
..
..

..
73
3.1
26
..
..
21
5.3
97
95
95
91
..

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

27

27

..
94
91
3,645
13.2
4,012

..
..
..
5,080
14.4
5,670

27
0.00
986.1
..
..
6,223
16.1
7,247

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

116.8
8.3
13.1
6
49
45
41
32
15
..
..

188.4
4.9
11.6
5
54
41
44
25
19
..
..

468.8
4.4
16.9
2
70
27
69
38
21
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
36.7
14.0
0
0.0
40.6
0

..
35.6
10.6
7
2.2
29.9
0

5
52.5
8.2
146
31.5
21.5
1

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

58.6
..
..
..
1
..
1.9
15

57.2
100
..
..
0
..
–1.9
22

94.0
236
..
..
0
216.3
22.5
–131

The Little Data Book

2010

181

Senegal
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
12
197
11.9
21.7

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.6
..
980
1,780

1990

2000

2008

3.5
52
6.7
..
..
..
149
..
51
43
15
68
0.1

6.5
54
5.6
110
11
60
131
20.3
48
39
16
82
0.4

6.2
56
4.8
102
12
52
108
14.5
77
56
31
96
1.0

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

93

89

..
67
26
224
0.4
103

..
72
27
242
0.4
101

86
0.5
8.6
77
28
225
0.4
128

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.7
–0.7
0.0
20
22
58
25
32
9
..
..

4.7
3.2
1.9
19
23
58
28
37
20
16.9
–0.9

13.3
3.3
6.0
16
22
63
25
47
30
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
2.0
0
0.0
27.2
..

..
..
1.3
3
0.4
29.3
8

8
..
1.6
44
8.4
..
5

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

34.6
172
3.8
19.9
–40
0.1
56.9
0.8

52.0
100
3.6
14.3
–100
0.2
62.9
0.4

61.0
94
2.9
4.4
–100
1.3
706.0
1.1

182

2010

The Little Data Book

Serbia
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
7.4
88
41.1
76.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1990

2000

..
71
1.8
..
..
..
29
..
82
..
..
..
0.1

..
72
1.5
27
..
..
13
..
89
..
90
101
0.1

9.1
74
1.4
22
41
99
7
1.8
92
104
90
102
0.1

..

..

..
..
..
2,550
..
4,629

..
..
..
1,771
..
4,199

21
..
..
99
92
2,141
..
4,155

..
–8.0
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

8,963
4.5
81.0
21
31
48
23
39
8
..
..

50,061
1.2
12.7
0
0
100
30
52
23
37.6
–1.6

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
4.6
5.4
..
..
62.7
..

13
24.3
2.3
131
44.9
..
..

..
..
18f
..
27
..
0.1f
..

..
..
11f
..
–148
1.1f
0.0 f
1.1f

67.9
..
31
13.9
–339
5.5
3.0
1.0

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

–0.4
..
5,590
10,380

The Little Data Book

2010

2008

183

Seychelles
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
87
460
889
1.7

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.2
..
10,220
19,650

1990

2000

2008

..
70
2.8
..
..
..
16
..
86
..
..
..
..

..
72
2.1
..
..
..
14
..
97
..
..
..
..

3.7
73
2.3
..
..
..
12
..
99
114
112
106
..

400

400

..
..
..
..
1.6
..

..
87
..
..
7.0
..

400
0.00
..
..
..
..
8.8
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

369
7.0
5.6
5
16
79
62
67
25
..
..

615
4.3
1.3
3
29
68
78
81
25
38.7
–13.9

833
2.8
25.3
2
22
75
131
153
28
40.4
8.1

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
4.0
0
0.0
56.9
1

..
..
1.7
32
7.4
..
3

38
..
1.0
107
39.0
..
3

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

65.7
78
0.2
8.9
..
7.5
20.2
36

87.2
100
0.3
4.2
..
3.2
24.3
18

163.3
86
1.5
12.4
..
12.0
364.0
12

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

184

2010

The Little Data Book

Sierra Leone
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
5.6
72
1.8
4.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.5
70.2
320
770

1990

2000

2008

1.1
40
5.5
..
..
..
278
..
..
..
18
64
0.2

..
42
5.4
140
4
42
252
24.7
37
..
27
68
1.2

..
48
5.2
125
8
43
194
28.3
60
88
35
84
1.7

30

29

..
..
..
..
0.1
..

..
57
12
..
0.1
..

27
0.7
0.2
53
11
..
0.2
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

650
3.4
70.6
47
19
34
22
24
10
5.6
..

636
3.8
6.1
58
28
13
18
39
7
11.4
–9.3

1,954
5.5
11.2
50
23
26
16
29
15
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
1.4
0
0.0
10.6
..

..
..
3.7
0
0.1
7.9
31

12
..
2.3
18
0.3
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

44.2
..
1.2
10.0
63
0.0
32.4
59

25.5
..
1.2
67.1
–150
7.1
39.0
181

39.9
..
0.4
1.9
336
150.0
–3.4
367

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

185

Singapore
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

4.8
700
168.2
232.2

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

5.3
..
34,760
47,970

1990

2000

2008

..
74
1.9
..
65
..
7
..
84
..
..
..
..

5.0
78
1.4
7
..
100
4
3.3
96
..
..
..
0.1

..
81
1.3
4
..
..
3
..
95
..
..
..
0.2

23

23

..
100
100
3,760
15.4
4,983

..
100
100
4,800
13.0
7,575

23
0.00
..
100
100
5,831
12.8
8,514

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

36.8
9.2
4.1
0
35
65
..
..
37
26.8
11.1

92.7
10.1
3.7
0
36
64
191
176
33
26.6
11.4

181.9
1.1
1.1
0
28
72
234
215
31
21.7
8.1

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
93.1
4.9
2
0.0
97.1
40

..
164.8
4.7
68
32.3
100.0
63

3
98.9
4.1
132
69.6
100.0
51

308.1
116
..
..
139
..
5.6
–3.1

293.7
100
..
..
368
..
16.5
..

361.6
83
..
..
139
..
22.7
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

186

2010

The Little Data Book

Slovak Republic
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

5.4
49
89.7
116.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

0.2
16.8
16,590
21,460

1990

2000

2008

11.6
71
2.1
..
74
..
15
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
73
1.3
25
..
99
10
..
98
97
86
101
..

..
75
1.3
20
..
100
8
..
99
94
93
100
0.1

..

19

..
100
100
4,037
8.4
5,559

..
100
100
3,293
6.6
4,956

19
–0.04
..
100
100
3,307
6.9
5,250

11.7
–2.7
6.9
7
59
33
27
36
33
..
..

28.7
1.4
9.4
4
36
59
71
73
26
..
..

98.5
6.2
2.9
3
38
59
83
85
29
29.0
–2.2

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
..

..
4.2
1.7
23
9.4
87.0
4

16
5.2
1.6
102
66.0
87.0
5

91.3
..
..
..
–35
..
..
..

85.7
..
..
..
0
0.0
2.1
..

146.5
..
..
..
10
2.0
3.2
..

The Little Data Book

2010

187

Slovenia
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

2.0
20
49.0
54.9

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.2
..
24,320
27,160

1990

2000

2008

..
73
1.5
..
..
100
10
..
90
..
88
..
..

8.7
76
1.3
11
..
100
5
..
95
96
100
103
..

..
79
1.5
5
..
100
4
..
96
..
94
99
0.1

12

12

..
..
..
2,835
6.2
5,335

..
..
..
3,227
7.3
5,778

13
–0.4
..
..
..
3,632
7.6
7,138

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

17.4
–8.9
94.9
6
42
52
91
79
17
39.8
3.2

19.9
4.4
5.3
3
36
61
54
57
27
39.1
–1.1

54.6
3.5
4.0
2
34
63
70
71
31
38.1
–0.2

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
2.2
0
0.0
72.0
3

..
12.8
1.1
61
15.1
100.0
5

6
21.6
1.6
102
55.7
100.0
6

102.4
..
..
..
21
38
0.1
..

95.1
..
..
..
24
205
0.1
60.8

130.4
..
..
..
23
343
1.9
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

188

2010

The Little Data Book

Solomon Islands
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
511
29
518
1.1

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.5
..
1,010
2,230

1990

2000

2008

..
57
5.9
..
..
..
38
16.3
70
61
14
84
..

..
62
4.6
57
7
85
37
..
87
..
20
90
..

..
66
3.9
41
27
70
36
..
60
..
35
94
..

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

28

24

..
69
29
..
0.5
..

..
70
31
..
0.4
..

21
1.6
..
70
32
..
0.4
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

303
6.0
7.2
29
5
66
30
65
20
..
..

435
–14.3
10.7
35
13
53
24
39
7
..
..

645
6.9
12.3
36
7
57
36
57
15
..
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
2.1
..

..
..
..
0
0.5
2.4
..

57
..
..
6
2.0
..
..

77.4
85
120
11.8
0
..
10.4
46

53.8
100
155
7.1
0
4.3
13.0
68

106.8
110
165
2.0
0
20.4
76.0
224

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

189

Somalia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
8.9
638
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.2
..
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
45
6.6
..
1
..
200
..
30
..
..
..
0.1

..
48
6.5
72
8
25
200
..
38
..
..
..
0.4

..
50
6.4
70
15
33
200
32.8
24
..
..
..
0.5

83

75

..
..
..
..
0.00
..

..
23
21
..
0.07
..

70
1.0
55.0
29
23
..
0.02
..

917
–1.5
215.5
65
..
..
10
38
16
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
11.1
..

..
..
..
1
0.2
11.8
..

..
..
..
7
1.1
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

..
..
2.4
47.6
–632
..
5.6
491

..
..
2.6
..
–100
..
0.3
101

..
..
2.9
..
–200
..
87.0
758

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

190

2010

The Little Data Book

South Africa
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
49
1,219
283.2
476.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.7
22.0
5,820
9,790

1990

2000

2008

..
61
3.7
..
57
..
56
..
79
76
66
104
0.8

3.1
56
2.9
76
56
84
73
..
72
87
86
100
15.9

..
51
2.5
58
..
..
67
..
62
86
95
100
18.1

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

92

92

..
81
55
2,581
9.5
4,431

..
89
57
2,507
8.4
4,417

92
0.00
27.9
93
59
2,807
8.7
4,986

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

112.0
–0.3
15.5
5
40
55
24
19
18
..
..

132.9
4.2
8.8
3
32
65
28
25
16
26.3
–2.0

276.4
3.1
10.8
3
34
63
35
38
23
30.7
–0.4

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
123.2
3.9
0
0.0
29.8
7

..
154.2
1.6
19
5.5
20.3
7

22
177.7
1.4
92
8.6
..
5

37.4
104
..
..
–123
136
–0.1
..

44.9
100
24.9
9.8
200
344
1.0
0.5

65.2
130
41.9
4.4
700
823
9.6
1.1

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

The Little Data Book

2010

191

Spain
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

46
505
1,454.8
1,404.4

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.5
..
31,930
30,830

1990

2000

2008

..
77
1.3
..
..
..
9
..
99
103
102
104
0.4

7.0
79
1.2
9
..
..
6
..
94
..
111
103
0.5

..
81
1.5
12
..
..
4
..
98
98
119
103
0.5
185
–1.9
32.0
100
100
3,208
8.0
6,296

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

135

164

..
100
100
2,320
5.9
3,540

..
100
100
3,029
7.3
5,207

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

521.0
3.8
7.3
6
34
61
16
19
26
..
..

580.7 1,604.2
5.0
1.2
3.5
3.0
4
3
29
29
66
68
29
26
32
32
26
30
31.1
24.5
–0.5
–2.0

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
21.3
1.7
0
0.0
99.0
6

..
86.8
1.2
60
13.6
99.0
8

47
59.0
1.2
109
55.4
..
5

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

27.5
100
..
..
0
2.2
14.0
..

46.7
100
..
..
1
4.9
38.8
..

41.8
103
..
..
3
11.8
71.2
..

192

2010

The Little Data Book

Sri Lanka
South Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
20
66
35.8
89.9

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.7
22.7
1,780
4,460

1990

2000

2008

8.7
70
2.5
..
..
..
29
..
80
98
71
102
..

6.8
71
2.2
29
70
96
21
22.8
99
107
85
103
..

..
74
2.3
29
68
99
15
21.1
98
105
..
..
..

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

24

21

..
67
71
322
0.2
153

..
77
81
445
0.5
296

19
1.3
25.2
82
86
464
0.6
417

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

8.0
6.4
20.1
26
26
48
30
38
22
21.0
–5.2

16.3
6.0
7.3
20
27
53
39
50
28
16.8
–8.4

40.6
6.0
16.3
13
29
57
25
38
27
15.8
–6.5

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
11.4
2.1
0
0.0
32.0
1

..
6.6
4.5
2
0.6
85.8
2

38
10.7
3.0
55
5.8
..
2

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

57.3
82
5.9
13.8
–137
0.4
43.4
728

77.2
100
9.2
10.3
–400
1.2
172.9
275

55.2
69
15.2
9.3
–442
2.9
752.2
730

The Little Data Book

2010

193

St. Kitts and Nevis
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Upper middle income
49
260
535
762

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.8
..
10,870
15,490

1990

2000

2008

..
67
2.7
..
..
..
26
..
99
..
85
105
..

..
71
2.2
..
..
99
21
..
99
119
93
105
..

..
..
..
..
54
100
16
..
99
78
88
103
..

53

53

..
99
96
..
1.6
..

..
99
96
..
2.3
..

53
0.00
..
99
96
..
2.8
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

159
2.3
8.7
6
29
65
52
83
55
28.3
0.6

326
2.8
4.1
3
29
68
46
76
50
..
..

543
8.2
–1.9
3
27
71
41
71
42
29.8
–3.3

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
38.5
..

..
..
..
3
6.1
42.5
1

45
109.6
..
163
32.5
..
41

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

86.7
..
44
2.8
..
19.3
48.8
8.1

70.2
100
156
11.0
..
27.1
96.2
3.9

59.6
72
258
17.9
..
4.5
87.7
46.2

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

194

2010

The Little Data Book

St. Lucia
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Upper middle income
170
620
921
1.5

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

1.1
..
5,410
9,020

1990

2000

2008

..
71
3.3
..
47
..
23
..
82
122
50
103
..

..
71
2.0
67
47
100
17
..
88
96
74
107
..

..
73
2.0
61
..
98
13
..
99
98
93
100
0.6

170

170

..
98
..
..
1.2
..

..
98
89
..
2.1
..

170
0.00
..
98
..
..
2.3
..

397
23.5
3.2
15
18
67
73
84
26
..
..

708
0.0
2.2
7
19
74
53
63
26
..
..

996
0.5
3.2
5
18
77
52
76
26
..
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
1

..
..
..
2
5.1
..
8

14
..
..
100
58.8
..
20

100.2
..
79
2.1
–1
16.1
44.8
12

56.3
100
221
7.4
–1
26.4
53.7
11

81.3
102
831
7.7
–1
2.7
104.7
19

The Little Data Book

2010

195

St. Vincent & Grenadines
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Upper middle income
109
390
551
935

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

196

2010

The Little Data Book

0.1
..
5,050
8,570

1990

2000

2008

..
69
3.0
..
58
..
24
..
96
..
60
107
..

..
70
2.4
70
58
100
23
..
96
90
82
106
..

..
72
2.1
58
48
100
13
..
99
109
108
100
..

95

103

..
..
..
..
0.8
..

..
..
..
..
1.5
..

109
–0.8
..
..
..
..
1.8
..

198
5.0
6.4
21
23
56
66
77
30
25.6
..

339
1.8
0.4
11
24
66
53
59
27
..
..

598
–1.1
9.0
8
29
63
43
67
38
..
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
..
2
3.2
68.0
0

11
..
..
119
60.5
..
0

110.5
..
62
2.9
–7
16
7.7
15.4

61.9
100
195
6.5
–8
22
37.7
6.2

68.1
108
207
10.3
–5
11
119.3
26.8

Sudan
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
41
2,506
45.7
79.5

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.2
..
1,100
1,920

1990

2000

2008

..
53
6.0
..
9
69
124
..
57
40
21
78
0.8

..
56
5.1
77
7
87
115
38.4
58
36
25
88
1.4

..
58
4.2
56
8
49
109
31.7
79
50
33
89
1.4

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

764

705

..
64
33
392
0.2
47

..
69
34
387
0.2
62

664
0.8
124.4
70
35
363
0.3
90

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

12.4
–5.5
66.2
41
15
44
4
7
11
..
..

12.4
8.4
8.7
42
22
37
15
18
18
8.0
–0.4

55.9
8.3
15.8
26
34
40
24
23
24
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
2.6
0
0.0
33.8
..

..
..
4.7
0
0.0
36.3
4

36
..
4.2
29
10.2
..
0

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

8.0
100
15
8.7
–459
0.1
0.0
0.8

27.2
100
16
9.9
–227
0.6
0.4
0.2

38.7
232
20
2.5
–532
3.1
2.6
2.4

The Little Data Book

2010

197

Suriname
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
515
164
2.5
3.4

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.9
..
4,760
6,680

1990

2000

2008

..
67
2.7
..
..
..
51
..
65
..
56
107
0.1

3.1
68
2.7
48
42
85
38
11.4
70
97
73
107
1.1

..
69
2.4
39
46
90
27
..
86
88
75
107
2.4

148

148

..
..
..
..
4.5
..

..
91
83
..
4.5
..

148
0.00
0.8
92
82
..
4.8
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

399
–0.5
43.9
9
24
67
42
44
11
..
..

892
–0.1
54.8
11
25
64
20
33
12
..
..

3,033
5.1
19.0
5
40
55
31
46
25
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
24.0
..

..
..
..
9
2.5
26.0
7

694
..
..
81
9.7
..
14

236.5
..
..
..
–5
0.5
–76.8
61

103.7
100
..
..
–6
0.2
–148.0
34

101.5
132
..
..
0
2.2
–233.6
102

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

198

2010

The Little Data Book

Swaziland
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
1.2
17
3.0
5.8

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

1.4
69.2
2,600
5,000

1990

2000

2008

..
60
5.7
..
20
..
84
..
85
62
40
98
0.9

4.5
51
4.2
106
28
70
124
9.1
72
60
42
95
25.7

..
46
3.5
82
51
69
83
6.1
95
72
53
92
26.1

4.7

5.2

..
..
..
..
0.5
..

..
59
50
..
1.1
..

5.5
–0.9
39.5
60
50
..
0.9
..

1.1
9.8
43.8
10
43
46
59
69
15
..
..

1.5
10.1
0.2
12
45
43
76
90
17
..
..

2.8
2.4
10.1
7
49
43
69
81
17
..
..

..
1.5
1.3
0
0.0
..
..

..
4.9
1.6
3
0.9
30.0
0

61
6.9
2.1
46
6.9
..
0

109.3
100
257
5.4
17
113
30.1
54

131.3
100
265
2.2
–12
57
91.4
13

140.6
93
362
1.9
–46
100
10.0
67

The Little Data Book

2010

199

Sweden
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

9.2
450
469.4
348.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.8
..
50,910
37,780

1990

2000

2008

..
78
2.1
..
..
..
7
..
96
97
90
102
0.1

9.1
80
1.5
9
..
..
4
..
91
100
152
115
0.1

..
81
1.9
8
..
..
3
..
96
95
103
99
0.1

274

275

..
100
100
5,514
6.0
15,836

..
100
100
5,363
5.6
15,687

275
–0.04
1.7
100
100
5,512
5.6
15,238

244.5
1.0
8.7
4
31
66
31
30
23
41.5
3.2

245.6
4.4
1.5
2
29
69
47
40
18
37.2
0.5

479.0
–0.2
3.2
2
28
70
54
47
20
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
40.0
2.5
5
0.6
71.0
13

..
133.7
2.0
72
45.6
77.5
25

15
52.7
1.3
118
87.7
31.7
16

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

45.7
108
..
..
132
153
2.0
..

65.2
100
..
..
49
510
22.1
..

73.3
87
..
..
186
822
41.9
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

200

2010

The Little Data Book

Switzerland
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

7.6
41
424.5
299.8

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.3
..
55,510
39,210

1990

2000

2008

..
77
1.6
..
..
..
8
..
90
52
99
97
0.4

7.6
80
1.5
6
..
..
6
..
81
96
95
97
0.6

..
82
1.5
5
..
100
5
..
87
93
96
97
0.6

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

12

12

..
100
100
3,545
6.4
7,507

..
100
100
3,405
5.4
7,847

12
–0.4
6.4
100
100
3,406
5.6
8,164

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

238.2
3.8
4.2
3
32
65
36
35
30
20.1
0.0

249.9
3.6
1.1
2
27
71
46
41
23
24.3
2.2

491.9
1.8
2.2
1
28
71
56
47
22
18.3
1.1

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
67.2
1.8
2
0.6
..
12

..
317.0
1.1
65
47.9
..
19

20
175.4
0.8
116
75.9
100.0
23

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

56.0
90
..
..
155
0.9
5.5
..

65.2
100
..
..
69
1.1
19.8
..

78.0
99
..
..
200
2.2
6.5
..

The Little Data Book

2010

201

Syrian Arab Republic
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
21
185
44.4
92.4

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.5
..
2,160
4,490

1990

2000

2008

..
68
5.5
..
..
..
37
..
87
89
51
85
..

..
72
3.8
69
45
70
22
11.1
83
86
41
92
..

..
74
3.2
59
58
93
16
10.0
81
114
74
97
..

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

3.7

4.3

..
83
81
895
2.9
674

..
86
87
1,055
3.8
1,058

4.7
–1.4
238.4
89
92
978
3.5
1,469

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

12.3
7.6
19.3
30
25
45
28
28
17
21.9
..

19.3
2.7
9.7
24
38
38
35
29
17
23.9
..

55.2
5.2
20.5
20
35
45
31
32
14
..
..

..
..
6.4
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
5.3
0
0.2
..
1

17
..
3.4
34
17.3
..
1

53.7
..
..
..
–140
385
0.0
683

43.7
100
..
..
–130
180
0.3
158

59.1
145
..
..
300
850
1.2
136

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

202

2010

The Little Data Book

Tajikistan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
6.8
143
4.1
12.8

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.6
53.5
600
1,870

1990

2000

2008

..
63
5.2
..
..
..
117
..
68
..
102
..
..

8.1
64
4.0
34
34
71
94
..
87
95
74
89
0.1

..
67
3.4
28
37
88
64
14.9
86
98
84
91
0.3

4.1

4.1

..
..
..
1,051
3.9
3,346

..
59
86
462
0.7
2,177

4.1
–0.03
18.0
67
92
580
1.0
2,176

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

2.6
–0.6
6.2
33
38
29
28
35
25
..
..

0.9
8.3
22.7
27
39
34
99
101
11
10.6
–0.8

5.1
7.9
27.7
18
23
59
17
58
20
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
0.4
0
0.0
71.6
..

..
..
1.2
0
0.0
..
42

25
..
..
54
8.8
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

..
..
0.0
..
–83
..
9.0
12

169.7
..
1.0
11.3
–333
0.1
23.5
124

91.1
..
1.5
3.1
–345
2.5
375.8
291

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

203

Tanzania
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
42
947
18.3
52.1

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.9
35.7
440
1,260

1990

2000

2008

7.4
51
6.2
..
10
53
157
25.1
80
63
5
97
4.8

7.3
51
5.7
133
25
44
139
25.3
78
55
6
99
7.1

..
56
5.6
130
26
43
104
16.7
88
83
..
..
6.2

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

414

373

..
49
35
382
0.1
51

..
53
34
392
0.1
58

344
1.1
6.2
55
33
443
0.1
82

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4.3
7.0
22.4
46
18
36
13
37
26
..
..

9.1
5.1
7.5
45
16
39
17
24
18
..
..

20.5
7.5
8.9
45
17
37
22
27
17
..
..

..
..
2.0
0
0.0
..
..

..
2.6
1.5
0
0.1
..
1

29
6.3
0.9
31
1.2
..
1

31.9
107
6.4
32.9
68
..
0.0
1.2

24.9
100
7.1
12.4
–206
8.0
463.4
1.0

47.9
109
5.9
1.2
–345
18.6
744.0
2.3

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

204

2010

The Little Data Book

Thailand
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
67
513
247.2
523.5

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.6
..
3,670
7,770

1990

2000

2008

5.6
69
2.1
..
..
..
32
..
80
..
30
..
1.0

5.9
68
1.8
47
79
99
20
..
94
..
..
..
1.8

..
69
1.8
37
77
97
14
7.0
98
..
..
..
1.4

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

160

148

..
95
78
742
1.7
708

..
97
93
1,159
3.2
1,462

144
0.6
41.5
98
96
1,553
4.1
2,055

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

85.3
11.2
5.8
12
37
50
34
42
41
..
..

122.7
4.8
1.3
9
42
49
67
58
23
..
..

272.4
2.5
3.8
12
44
44
77
74
29
20.1
0.5

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
28.0
2.6
0
0.0
55.3
21

..
24.0
1.4
5
3.7
98.5
33

32
37.7
1.5
92
23.9
..
25

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

65.7
119
28
16.9
0
1.0
2.4
796

106.7
100
80
16.3
0
1.7
3.4
697

130.9
94
65
7.7
1
1.9
9.8
–621

The Little Data Book

2010

205

Timor-Leste
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
1.1
15
2.7
5.2

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

3.2
39.7
2,460
4,690

1990

2000

2008

..
46
5.3
..
..
..
184
..
..
..
..
..
..

6.7
56
7.1
89
8
24
129
40.6
..
..
35
..
..

8.9
61
6.5
53
20
..
93
..
..
80
55
95
..

9.7

8.5

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
61
40
..
0.2
..

7.8
1.3
..
62
41
..
0.2
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

316
13.7
3.0
26
19
56
..
..
26
..
..

498
13.2
10.7
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

83
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
1
..
..
0.1

..
..
..
..
–170
..
..
231.3

..
..
..
..
41
..
..
277.5

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

206

2010

The Little Data Book

Togo
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
6.5
57
2.6
5.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.5
..
410
830

1990

2000

2008

..
58
6.3
..
34
31
150
21.2
73
35
21
59
0.7

..
60
5.1
86
26
49
122
23.2
58
63
31
69
3.6

5.4
63
4.3
64
17
62
98
22.3
77
61
41
75
3.3

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

6.9

4.9

..
49
13
322
0.2
87

..
55
12
402
0.2
89

3.5
3.9
1.5
59
12
390
0.2
96

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.6
–0.2
3.0
34
23
44
33
45
27
..
..

1.3
–0.8
–1.7
34
18
48
31
51
18
..
..

2.9
1.1
7.2
44
24
32
42
62
18
17.0
0.3

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
3.1
0
0.0
21.2
1

..
..
..
1
1.9
31.6
1

75
..
2.0
24
5.4
..
0

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

52.1
133
1.3
11.9
1
27
18.2
258

69.6
100
1.4
6.3
128
34
41.9
70

80.4
21
1.6
1.2
–4
284
68.0
330

The Little Data Book

2010

207

Tonga
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income
104
750
279
412

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.5
..
2,690
3,980

1990

2000

2008

..
70
4.6
..
..
92
23
..
86
133
98
101
..

..
71
4.2
21
33
95
20
..
95
105
101
102
..

..
72
4.0
22
24
..
19
..
99
105
103
100
..

Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

36

36

..
100
96
..
0.8
..

..
100
96
..
1.2
..

36
0.00
..
100
96
..
1.3
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

114
–2.0
12.2
36
14
50
34
65
18
..
..

155
3.5
1.5
28
16
56
15
52
19
..
..

278
0.8
4.8
26
14
60
14
71
18
..
..

..
..
1.5
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
1.4
0
2.4
27.0
0

25
..
1.5
49
8.1
..
..

64.3
..
44
2.3
–10
24
0.2
30

51.0
..
65
3.1
–10
53
4.7
19

57.1
..
90
3.1
–8
100
6.0
26

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

208

2010

The Little Data Book

Trinidad and Tobago
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

1.3
5.1
22.1
32.3

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.4
..
16,590
24,240

1990

2000

2008

5.5
69
2.4
..
..
..
34
..
70
102
85
101
0.2

..
68
1.6
39
38
96
34
4.4
90
86
76
103
1.4

..
69
1.6
34
43
98
35
..
91
92
89
101
1.5

2.4

2.3

..
88
93
4,899
13.9
2,690

..
91
92
7,565
18.9
3,907

2.3
0.3
8.1
94
92
11,506
25.4
5,642

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5.1
1.5
15.5
3
47
50
45
29
13
..
..

8.2
6.1
12.9
1
49
49
59
45
20
27.1
2.0

24.1
3.5
6.9
0
62
37
73
42
13
30.3
0.7

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
13.7
..
0
0.0
46.2
0

..
53.1
..
12
7.7
51.1
1

43
50.4
..
113
17.0
..
1

60.6
100
..
..
–63
3.4
109.4
17.8

93.0
100
..
..
–20
38.1
679.5
–1.5

114.7
158
..
..
–20
109.4
830.0
12.2

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

209

Tunisia
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
10
164
36.0
77.0

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.0
..
3,480
7,460

1990

2000

2008

5.9
70
3.5
..
50
69
50
8.5
93
80
44
86
..

5.9
73
2.1
8
66
90
27
..
95
88
76
99
0.1

..
74
2.1
7
60
95
21
3.3
98
102
90
103
0.1

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

6.4

9.6

..
82
74
607
1.6
638

..
90
81
764
2.1
991

10.9
–3.2
62.9
94
85
864
2.3
1,248

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

12.3
7.9
4.5
16
30
54
44
51
27
30.7
–3.2

19.4
4.7
3.2
12
29
59
45
48
27
29.2
–2.7

40.3
4.5
5.9
10
33
58
61
65
27
32.5
–0.7

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
4.3
2.0
0
0.0
76.1
2

..
14.5
1.7
1
2.7
68.4
3

11
15.8
1.3
83
27.1
..
5

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

73.5
109
7.7
24.5
–25
0.6
0.1
391

74.1
100
11.3
20.1
–56
0.8
0.8
222

109.0
95
20.8
11.3
–81
2.0
2.6
479

210

2010

The Little Data Book

Turkey
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
74
784
666.6
991.7

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.2
27.0
9,020
13,420

1990

2000

2008

..
65
3.1
..
63
..
84
..
78
87
46
81
..

5.6
70
2.4
47
64
81
42
7.0
86
..
79
85
..

5.4
72
2.1
38
73
91
22
..
97
99
82
89
..

97

101

..
85
85
941
2.6
894

..
93
87
1,149
3.4
1,573

102
–0.3
17.7
97
88
1,370
3.7
2,238

150.6
9.3
58.2
18
32
50
13
18
25
..
..

267.2
6.8
49.2
11
31
57
20
23
21
..
..

734.9
0.9
11.7
9
28
64
24
28
22
22.6
–1.9

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
12.7
3.5
0
0.0
..
1

..
26.1
3.7
24
3.8
34.0
5

6
16.0
2.2
89
34.4
..
2

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

23.4
109
49
29.4
–73
3.2
0.7
1.2

30.8
100
117
35.9
14
4.6
1.0
0.3

45.4
91
277
29.5
–71
1.4
18.3
2.0

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

The Little Data Book

2010

211

Turkmenistan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
5.0
488
14.3
30.9

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

212

2010

The Little Data Book

1.3
..
2,840
6,130

1990

2000

2008

10.5
63
4.3
..
..
..
99
..
76
..
..
..
..

6.0
64
2.8
20
62
97
71
..
97
..
..
..
..

..
65
2.5
19
48
100
48
..
99
..
..
..
0.1

41

41

..
..
..
5,352
7.2
2,293

..
..
..
3,223
7.9
1,698

41
0.00
1,812.5
..
..
3,631
9.0
2,279

3.2
0.7
6.3
32
30
38
39
27
40
..
..

2.9
18.6
9.8
24
44
31
96
81
35
..
..

15.3
9.8
47.3
12
54
34
81
51
6
..
..

..
..
..
0
0.0
73.5
..

..
..
2.9
0
0.1
81.2
5

..
..
..
23
1.5
..
..

..
..
..
..
–35
..
..
8.6

147.8
..
2.5
..
–50
..
131.0
31.5

100.9
..
0.6
..
–25
..
820.0
18.1

Uganda
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
32
241
13.3
36.1

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

3.3
31.1
420
1,140

1990

2000

2008

6.0
48
7.1
..
5
38
186
19.7
52
..
12
82
13.7

5.7
46
6.8
181
23
39
158
19.0
59
58
16
93
8.5

6.1
53
6.3
148
24
42
135
16.4
68
56
25
99
5.4

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

49

41

..
43
29
..
0.05
..

..
56
32
..
0.06
..

35
2.1
..
64
33
..
0.09
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4.3
6.5
44.4
57
11
32
7
19
13
..
..

6.2
5.6
8.5
30
23
47
11
22
19
10.8
–1.9

14.3
9.5
6.3
23
26
52
16
33
24
13.2
–1.5

..
..
3.3
0
0.0
..
..

..
0.6
2.5
1
0.2
..
4

25
1.2
2.3
27
7.9
..
1

10.2
146
2.6
81.4
233
..
–5.9
0.7

32.2
100
3.5
7.8
–46
238.1
160.7
0.8

48.7
106
2.2
1.7
–5
723.5
787.9
1.7

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

The Little Data Book

2010

213

Ukraine
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
46
604
148.6
333.7

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

–0.5
19.5
3,210
7,210

1990

2000

2008

9.4
70
1.8
..
..
..
21
..
90
96
96
..
..

8.9
68
1.1
36
72
100
19
4.1
99
92
99
100
0.7

9.4
68
1.4
28
67
99
16
..
94
99
94
99
1.6

93

95

..
..
96
4,851
11.7
4,787

..
97
96
2,720
6.2
2,778

96
–0.2
70.7
97
93
2,953
6.8
3,529

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

81.5
–6.3
16.3
26
45
30
28
29
27
..
..

31.3
5.9
23.1
17
36
47
62
57
20
26.8
–0.6

180.4
2.1
29.1
8
37
55
42
48
25
35.7
–1.5

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
93.7
..

..
6.0
3.6
2
0.7
96.7
5

27
13.5
2.7
120
10.5
97.8
3

..
..
0.6
..
2
..
0.2
..

91.3
..
12.2
18.6
–547
0.0
0.6
..

83.8
..
92.5
19.4
–173
5.8
10.9
617.6

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

214

2010

The Little Data Book

United Arab Emirates
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

4.5
84
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.7
..
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
73
4.4
..
..
..
17
..
80
97
64
104
..

..
77
2.7
28
..
..
11
..
94
80
75
100
..

..
78
1.9
16
..
..
8
..
92
105
94
101
..

2.5

3.1

..
100
97
10,645
29.3
8,325

..
100
97
10,405
39.1
11,919

3.1
–1.4
2,665.3
100
97
11,832
32.9
16,165

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

33.7
17.5
4.3
2
64
35
66
41
20
..
..

70.6
5.0
21.8
4
56
41
73
55
23
10.0
0.1

198.7
6.3
14.5
2
61
38
91
67
21
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
6.2
2
0.0
94.2
0

..
8.1
3.4
44
23.6
100.0
1

15
113.1
1.9
209
65.2
..
3

103.2
..
..
..
240
..
..
3.5

120.2
100
..
..
572
..
..
..

157.7
148
..
..
577
..
..
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

The Little Data Book

2010

215

United Kingdom
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

61
244
2,827.3
2,225.5

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

216

2010

The Little Data Book

0.7
..
46,040
36,240

1990

2000

2008

..
76
1.8
..
..
..
9
..
87
..
84
102
0.1

6.1
78
1.6
28
83
99
7
..
88
..
102
100
0.1

..
80
1.9
24
..
..
6
..
86
..
97
102
0.2

26

28

..
100
..
3,619
10.0
5,357

..
100
..
3,803
9.3
6,115

29
–0.5
6.6
100
..
3,464
9.4
6,120

1,012.6
0.8
7.7
2
34
64
24
26
20
..
..

1,477.6 2,674.1
3.9
0.7
1.2
2.3
1
1
27
24
72
76
28
29
29
32
18
17
37.1
38.4
1.7
–4.7

..
83.8
3.8
2
0.1
100.0
24

..
174.4
2.4
74
26.8
100.0
32

13
69.3
2.4
126
76.0
100.0
19

40.3
101
..
..
29
2.1
33.5
..

42.9
100
..
..
494
3.6
122.2
..

40.8
105
..
..
948
7.9
93.5
..

United States
High income
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

304
9,632
14,573.6
14,226.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.9
..
46,350
46,790

1990

2000

2008

..
75
2.1
..
71
99
11
..
90
..
92
100
0.5

5.4
77
2.1
48
..
99
8
1.1
91
98
93
100
0.6

..
78
2.1
35
..
..
8
..
92
96
94
100
0.6
3,034
–0.1
17.1
99
100
7,766
19.3
13,652

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

2,986

3,023

..
99
100
7,664
19.5
11,713

..
99
100
8,092
20.3
13,670

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

5,757.2 9,764.8 14,093.3
1.9
3.7
0.4
3.9
2.2
5.8
2
1
1
28
24
22
70
75
77
10
11
12
11
15
17
18
20
18
..
20.4
17.3
..
0.5
–5.4

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
53.2
5.3
2
0.8
58.2
33

..
154.7
3.1
39
43.9
..
34

6
80.4
4.2
89
75.9
65.3
27

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (millions)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

15.8
101
..
..
5
1.2
48.5
..

20.9
100
..
..
8
2.8
321.3
..

23.8
92
..
..
6
3.0
319.7
..

The Little Data Book

2010

217

Uruguay
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Upper middle income
3.3
176
27.5
41.8

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.3
..
8,260
12,550

1990

2000

2008

5.2
73
2.5
..
..
..
24
..
97
95
81
..
0.1

4.8
75
2.2
65
..
99
18
5.4
89
97
98
105
0.3

4.3
76
2.0
61
..
..
14
..
95
104
92
98
0.6

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

9.1

14.1

..
100
100
725
1.3
1,246

..
100
100
932
1.6
1,990

15.4
–3.2
5.3
100
100
953
2.1
2,197

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

9.3
0.3
106.8
9
35
56
24
18
12
23.8
0.5

22.8
–1.4
3.0
7
25
69
17
20
14
24.7
–3.0

32.2
8.9
8.8
11
27
63
28
32
23
25.0
–0.9

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
2.9
0
0.0
74.0
..

..
0.7
1.3
12
10.6
90.0
2

65
0.7
1.2
105
40.2
..
4

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

32.6
116
4.4
40.8
–30
..
0.0
52

25.2
100
8.4
27.2
–26
0.0
0.3
17

46.2
92
11.0
14.6
–104
107.9
2.2
33

218

2010

The Little Data Book

Uzbekistan
Europe & Central Asia
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
27
447
24.7
72.6

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.6
27.2
910
2,660

1990

2000

2008

10.9
67
4.1
..
..
..
74
..
84
..
101
94
..

7.8
67
2.6
28
67
96
62
7.1
99
96
88
98
0.1

..
68
2.6
13
65
100
38
4.4
98
96
102
98
0.1

31

32

..
90
93
2,261
5.3
2,383

..
89
94
2,044
4.8
1,780

33
–0.5
357.0
88
96
1,812
4.4
1,658

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

13.4
1.6
4.0
33
33
34
29
48
32
..
..

13.8
3.8
47.3
34
23
43
25
22
16
..
..

27.9
9.0
19.9
21
31
48
42
32
23
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
79.0
..

..
0.2
0.8
0
0.5
87.3
..

15
4.2
..
47
9.0
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

..
..
0.1
..
–451
..
9.0
62

40.1
..
4.6
..
–400
..
74.7
186

55.9
..
4.0
..
–400
..
918.0
187

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

219

Vanuatu
East Asia & Pacific
Population (thousands)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ millions)
GNI, PPP ($ millions)

Lower middle income
234
12
442
794

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.5
..
1,940
3,480

1990

2000

2008

..
63
4.9
..
15
..
27
..
66
..
17
93
..

..
68
4.5
58
28
88
29
..
94
86
34
101
..

..
70
4.0
46
38
74
33
..
65
79
..
..
..

4.4

4.4

..
61
..
..
0.5
..

..
59
50
..
0.4
..

4.4
0.00
..
..
..
..
0.4
..

Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

158
11.7
–1.0
21
14
65
47
73
33
26.1
–7.8

245
2.7
1.2
16
9
75
44
53
22
20.7
–0.8

590
6.6
7.8
14
9
76
45
58
26
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
21.6
20

..
..
..
0
2.1
23.9
1

39
..
..
15
7.3
..
2

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ millions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

72.6
..
38
2.1
–3
8.2
13.1
50

46.2
..
74
1.0
–7
34.7
20.3
46

50.9
..
138
1.4
0
7.0
34.0
92

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

220

2010

The Little Data Book

Venezuela, RB
Latin America & Caribbean
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

28
912
257.9
358.9

Upper middle income
Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

1.6
..
9,230
12,850

1990

2000

2008

4.8
71
3.4
..
..
..
32
..
61
79
53
105
..

2.9
73
2.8
93
77
94
23
..
84
83
59
105
..

4.9
74
2.5
90
..
..
18
..
82
95
81
102
..

520

492

..
89
83
2,206
6.2
2,463

..
..
..
2,320
6.0
2,655

471
0.6
1.2
..
..
2,319
6.3
3,077

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

47.0
6.5
41.7
5
61
34
39
20
10
24.5
3.0

117.1
3.7
29.5
4
50
46
30
18
24
21.2
–1.2

314.2
4.8
31.3
4
58
38
30
20
25
28.3
2.2

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
17.8
1.9
0
0.0
35.6
4

..
6.9
1.5
22
3.4
33.6
3

141
4.5
1.1
97
25.7
..
4

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

52.8
90
33
23.3
75
1.0
0.5
76

42.5
100
42
16.8
40
17.0
4.7
76

45.6
249
50
5.6
40
137.0
0.3
59

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

221

Vietnam
East Asia & Pacific
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
86
331
76.8
232.4

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

1.2
28.9
890
2,700

1990

2000

2008

..
65
3.7
..
53
..
56
..
88
..
35
..
0.1

7.5
72
2.3
22
74
68
30
26.7
97
96
65
93
0.3

7.1
74
2.1
17
76
88
14
20.2
92
..
..
..
0.5

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

94

117

..
52
29
367
0.3
98

..
77
51
477
0.7
295

134
–2.1
19.5
92
65
655
1.3
728

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

6.5
5.1
42.1
39
23
39
36
45
13
..
..

31.2
6.8
3.4
25
37
39
55
57
30
..
..

90.6
6.2
21.7
22
40
38
78
95
41
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
7.3
0
0.0
23.5
..

..
..
..
1
0.3
25.1
11

50
10.6
2.0
81
24.2
47.6
9

79.7
..
23
..
–1,207
..
0.2
0.2

96.6
100
13
7.5
–200
2.0
1.3
1.7

158.1
93
26
1.9
–200
7.2
9.6
2.6

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

222

2010

The Little Data Book

Virgin Islands (U.S.)
High income
Population (thousands)
Surface area (sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

110
350
..
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

0.0
..
..
..

1990

2000

2008

..
74
2.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
78
2.4
45
..
98
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
79
1.9
30
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

119

104

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..

91
1.6
..
..
..
..
..
..

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

1.6
7.1
4.1
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
..

..
..
..
32
13.8
..
..

..
..
..
73
27.3
..
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

..
..
..
..
–11
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
–5
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
–4
..
..
..

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

The Little Data Book

2010

223

West Bank and Gaza
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Lower middle income
3.9
6.0
4.5
..

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

2.7
..
1,250
..

1990

2000

2008

..
68
6.4
..
..
..
38
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
72
5.8
100
..
97
29
..
..
103
82
103
..

..
73
5.0
77
50
99
27
2.2
..
83
92
104
..

..

0

..
..
..
..
..
..

..
93
80
..
0.3
..

0
0.00
..
89
80
..
0.8
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

4,113
–5.6
2.9
..
..
..
16
71
33
..
..

4,016
6.3
4.9
..
..
..
14
68
26
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
..
..
0
0.0
..
..

..
18.6
..
6
1.2
100.0
..

49
111.1
..
29
9.0
100.0
..

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

..
..
..
..
–11
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
0
858.7
62.0
0.6

..
..
..
..
11
630.5
28.3
2.6

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ millions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

224

2010

The Little Data Book

Yemen, Rep.
Middle East & North Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
23
528
21.9
50.9

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

2.9
..
960
2,220

1990

2000

2008

6.1
54
8.1
..
10
16
127
..
69
..
..
..
..

7.4
59
6.3
91
..
..
98
..
62
55
43
56
..

7.2
63
5.2
67
28
36
69
..
62
61
46
66
..

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

5.5

5.5

..
..
28
204
–0.2
119

..
70
39
261
0.8
136

5.5
0.00
161.9
66
46
324
1.0
202

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

4.8
2.0
17.1
24
27
49
14
20
15
18.9
–7.8

9.4
4.4
25.8
10
47
43
42
37
19
23.9
–2.3

26.6
3.9
18.6
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

..
..
7.7
0
0.0
9.1
..

..
..
5.0
0
0.1
15.5
0

12
..
4.5
16
1.6
8.7
0

46.9
..
6.4
5.6
–50
1.5
–0.1
400

67.8
100
5.1
4.5
–100
1.3
0.0
263

69.9
165
6.3
2.4
–100
1.4
1.6
305

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ billions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ billions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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2010

225

Zambia
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
13
753
12.0
15.5

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)
Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)
Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)
States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)
Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ billions)

226

2010

The Little Data Book

2.5
68.0
950
1,230

1990

2000

2008

0.7
51
6.5
..
15
51
172
21.2
90
..
21
..
8.9

3.3
42
6.2
152
34
43
169
23.3
85
61
24
91
15.5

..
45
5.8
139
41
47
148
14.9
85
93
52
95
15.2

491

447

..
50
42
683
0.3
774

..
54
49
595
0.2
595

416
1.0
2.2
58
52
604
0.2
720

3.3
–0.5
106.4
21
51
28
36
37
17
20.4
..

3.2
3.6
30.0
22
25
52
27
41
17
19.7
1.8

14.3
6.0
10.8
21
46
33
37
34
22
17.6
–0.8

..
..
3.7
0
0.0
16.6
..

..
7.3
1.8
1
0.2
22.0
0

18
20.6
1.8
28
5.5
..
2

76.9
207
6.9
14.7
29
..
202.8
0.5

58.2
100
5.7
20.8
83
..
121.7
0.8

71.0
171
3.0
3.2
–82
68.2
938.6
1.1

Zimbabwe
Sub-Saharan Africa
Population (millions)
Surface area (1,000 sq. km)
GNI ($ billions)
GNI, PPP ($ billions)

Low income
12
391
4.5
2.2

Population growth (%)
National poverty rate (% of pop.)
GNI per capita ($)
GNI per capita, PPP ($)

People
Share of poorest 20% in nat’l consumption/income (%)
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Total fertility (births per woman)
Adolescent fertility (births per 1,000 women 15–19)
Contraceptive prevalence (% of married women 15–49)
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000)
Child malnutrition, underweight (% of under age 5)
Child immunization, measles (% of ages 12–23 mos.)
Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group)
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary & secondary school (%)
HIV prevalence rate (% of population ages 15–49)

0.1
..
360
170

1990

2000

2008

..
61
5.2
..
43
70
79
8.0
87
93
47
92
14.2

..
43
3.9
91
54
73
102
11.5
75
90
43
94
27.3

..
44
3.4
64
60
69
96
14.0
66
..
41
97
15.3

Environment
Forests (1,000 sq. km)
Deforestation (average annual %, 1990–2007)
Freshwater use (% of internal resources)
Access to improved water source (% of total pop.)
Access to improved sanitation facilities (% of total pop.)
Energy use per capita (kilograms of oil equivalent)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita (metric tons)
Electricity use per capita (kilowatt-hours)

222

191

..
78
44
889
1.6
863

..
80
45
794
1.2
856

169
1.6
34.3
81
46
759
0.9
898

Economy
GDP ($ billions)
GDP growth (annual %)
GDP implicit price deflator (annual % growth)
Value added in agriculture (% of GDP)
Value added in industry (% of GDP)
Value added in services (% of GDP)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)
Gross capital formation (% of GDP)
Central government revenue (% of GDP)
Central government cash surplus/deficit (% of GDP)

8.8
7.0
14.7
16
33
50
23
23
17
24.1
–2.6

7.4
–7.9
56.2
18
25
57
36
36
14
..
..

3.4
–5.3
237.9
19
24
57
57
73
17
..
..

States and markets
Starting a business (days)
Stock market capitalization (% of GDP)
Military expenditures (% of GDP)
Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people)
Internet users (per 100 people)
Paved roads (% of total)
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)

..
27.3
4.4
0
0.0
14.0
2

..
32.9
4.7
2
0.4
19.0
2

96
70.3
3.8
13
11.4
..
3

40.7
98
3.3
23.1
121
0.8
–12.2
334

51.2
100
3.8
..
–300
..
23.2
176

122.3
91
5.2
..
–700
..
52.0
611

Global links
Merchandise trade (% of GDP)
Net barter terms of trade index (2000 = 100)
Total external debt stocks ($ billions)
Total debt service (% of exports)
Net migration (thousands)
Remittances received ($ millions)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions)
Net official development assistance received ($ millions)

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2010

227

Notes
a. Private analysts estimate that consumer price index inflation was
considerably higher for 2007–09 and believe that GDP volume growth
has been significantly lower than official reports indicate since the last
quarter of 2008.
b. Includes Luxembourg.
c. Includes Taiwan, China.
d. Estimates differ from official statistics of the government of China,
which  has published the following estimates for military expenditure:
1.2 percent in 2000 and 1.7 percent in 2007.
e. Excludes the French overseas departments of French Guiana, Guadeloupe,
Martinique, and Réunion.
f.

Includes Montenegro.

228

2010

The Little Data Book

Glossary
Access to improved sanitation is the percentage of population with adequate
access to excreta disposal facilities (private or shared, but not public) that can
effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved
facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a
sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed
and properly maintained. (World Health Organization)
Access to improved water source is the percentage of the population with
reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source,
such as a piped water into a dwelling, plot, or yard; public tap or standpipe;
tubewell or borehole; protected dug well or spring; or rainwater collection.
Unimproved sources include an unprotected dug well or spring, cart with
small tank or drum, bottled water, and tanker trucks. Reasonable access
to an adequate amount means the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within 1 kilometer of the dwelling. (World Health
Organization)
Adolescent fertility is the number of births per 1,000 women ages 15–19.
(United Nations Population Division)
Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries
attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and
advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to
conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns. (United Nations
Children’s Fund and Macro International)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita are emissions stemming from the burning of fossil fuels and the manufacture of cement divided by midyear population. They include carbon dioxide produced during consumption of solid, liquid,
and gas fuels and gas flaring. (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center)
Central government cash surplus/deficit is revenue (including grants) minus
expense, minus net acquisition of nonfinancial assets. Before 2005 nonfinancial assets were included under revenue and expenditure in gross terms.
The concept of cash surplus or deficit is close to the earlier overall budget
balance (still missing is lending minus repayments, which is brought into the
balance sheet as a financing item under net acquisition of financial assets).
(International Monetary Fund)
Central government revenue is cash receipts from taxes, social contributions, and other revenues such as fines, fees, rent, and income from property or sales. Grants are also considered revenue but are excluded here.
(International Monetary Fund)
Child immunization, measles, is the percentage of children ages 12–23
months at the time of the survey who received a dose of measles vaccine by
age 12 months or at any time before the interview date. A child is considered

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2010

229

Glossary
adequately immunized against measles after receiving one dose of the vaccine. (World Health Organization and United Nations Children’s Fund)
Child malnutrition, underweight, is the percentage of children under age five
whose weight for age is more than two standard deviations below median
for the international reference population ages 0–59 months. The data
conform to the new Child Growth Standards released by the World Health
Organization in 2006. (World Health Organization)
Contraceptive prevalence is the percentage of women married or in-union
ages 15–49 who are practicing, or whose sexual partners are practicing,
any form of contraception. (United Nations Children’s Fund and Macro
International)
Deforestation is the permanent conversion of natural forest areas to other
uses, including shifting cultivation, permanent agriculture, ranching, settlements, and infrastructure development. Deforested areas do not include
areas logged but intended for regeneration or areas degraded by fuelwood
gathering, acid precipitation, or forest fires. Negative numbers indicate an
increase in forest area. (Food and Agriculture Organization)
Electricity use per capita is the production of power plants and combined
heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation
losses and own use by heat and power plants plus imports less exports
divided by midyear population. (International Energy Agency)
Energy use per capita is the use of primary energy before transformation to
other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports
and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft
engaged in international transportation, divided by midyear population.
(International Energy Agency)
Exports of goods and services are the value of all goods and other market
services provided to the rest of the world, including the value of merchandise,
freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services. Compensation of employees, investment income (formerly called factor
services), and transfer payments are excluded. (World Bank, Organisation
for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations)
Foreign direct investment, net inflows, are investments to acquire a lasting
management interest in an enterprise operating in an economy other than
that of the investor. They are the sum of inflows of equity capital, reinvestment of earnings, other long-term capital, and short-term capital as shown
in the balance of payments. (World Bank and International Monetary Fund)
Forests are land under natural or planted stands of trees, whether productive
or not. (Food and Agriculture Organization)

230

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Freshwater use is total freshwater withdrawals for domestic, industrial,
and agricultural use, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins.
Internal resources refer to internal renewable resources only (flows of rivers
and groundwater from rainfall in the country). Withdrawals can exceed 100
percent of internal renewable resources because rivers flows from other
countries are not included, because extraction from nonrenewable aquifers
or desalination plants is considerable, or because there is significant water
reuse. (Food and Agriculture Organization and World Resources Institute)
GDP is gross domestic product at purchaser prices. It is the sum of gross
value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product
taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It
is calculated without deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for
depletion and degradation of natural resources. (World Bank, Organisation
for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations)
GDP growth is the one-year rate of growth in real gross domestic product. (World
Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development)
GDP implicit price deflator is the one-year rate of price change in the economy as a whole. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and
Development, and United Nations)
GNI is gross national income. It is calculated as gross domestic product
(GDP) plus net receipts of primary income (employee compensation and
investment income) from abroad. GDP is the sum of value added by all
resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in
the valuation of output. (World Bank)
GNI per capita is gross national income (GNI) converted to U.S. dollars
using the World Bank Atlas method divided by midyear population. GNI is
the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes
(less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts
of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from
abroad. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U.S.
dollars at official exchange rates for comparisons across economies. The
World Bank Atlas method is used to smooth fluctuations in prices and
exchange rates. It averages the exchange rate for a given year and the
two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between
the country and the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United
States. (World Bank)
GNI, PPP, is gross national income (GNI) converted to international dollars
using purchasing power parities (PPP). An international dollar has the same
purchasing power over GNI that a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
(World Bank)

The Little Data Book

2010

231

Glossary
GNI per capita, PPP, is gross national income (GNI) converted to international
dollars using purchasing power parities (PPP), divided by midyear population.
An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI that a U.S.
dollar has in the United States. (World Bank)
Gross capital formation is outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the
economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include
land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and
equipment purchase; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like,
including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to
meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales and work in
progress. According to the 1993 System of National Accounts, net acquisitions
of valuables are also considered capital formation. (World Bank, Organisation
for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United Nations)
Gross secondary enrollment, total, is the ratio of total enrollment in secondary education, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that
officially corresponds to secondary education. Secondary education completes the provision of basic education that begins at the primary level and
aims at laying the foundations for lifelong learning and human development
by offering more subject- or skill-oriented instruction using more specialized
teachers. (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
Institute for Statistics)
High-technology exports are products with high research and development
intensity, as in aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, and scientific instruments. (United Nations Statistics Division’s Commodity Trade database)
HIV prevalence rate is the percentage of people ages 15–49 who are infected
with HIV. (Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and World Health
Organization)
Imports of goods and services are the value of all goods and other market
services received from the rest of the world, including the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees and other
services. Labor and property income (formerly called factor services) and
transfer payments are excluded. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic
Co-operation and Development, and United Nations)
Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network. (International
Telecommunication Union)
Life expectancy at birth is the number of years a newborn infant would
live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay
the same throughout its life. (Eurostat, United Nations Population Division,
and World Bank)

232

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Merchandise trade is the sum of merchandise exports and imports measured
in current U.S. dollars as a percentage of GDP. (World Trade Organization
and World Bank)
Military expenditures are all current and capital expenditures on the armed
forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if judged to
be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities.
Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement
pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation
and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and
military aid (included in the military expenditures of the donor country).
Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military
activities, such as for veterans’ benefits, demobilization, conversion, and
destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries,
however, since that would require much more detailed information than is
available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military
expenditure items. (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute)
Mobile cellular subscriptions are the number of subscriptions—including
postpaid and prepaid—to a public mobile telephone service using cellular
technology that provides access to the public switched telephone network.
(International Telecommunication Union)
National poverty rate is the percentage of the population living below the
national poverty line. National estimates are based on population-weighted
subgroup estimates from household surveys. Data are for most recent estimate
since 2000. Figures in italics are for years other than 2008. (World Bank)
Net barter terms of trade index is the ratio of the export unit value index
to the corresponding import unit value index measured relative to the base
year 2000. (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and
International Monetary Fund)
Net migration is the total number of immigrants less the total number of
emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens, during the period. Data
are five-year estimates for 1985–90, 1995–2000, and 2000–05. (United
Nations Population Division)
Net official development assistance received is official development assistance flows (net of repayment of principal) as defined by the Development
Assistance Committee (DAC) that are made to countries and territories on
the DAC list of aid recipients. (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and
Development)
Paved roads are roads surfaced with crushed stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents, with concrete, or with cobblestones, as

The Little Data Book

2010

233

Glossary
a percentage of all the country’s roads, measured in length. (International
Road Federation)
Population is the midyear estimate of all residents regardless of legal status
or citizenship, except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of
asylum who are generally considered part of the population of their country
of origin. (Eurostat, United Nations Population Division, and World Bank)
Population growth is the exponential growth rate from the previous midyear
population. (World Bank)
Primary completion rate, total, is the percentage of students completing
the last year of primary school. It is calculated by dividing the total number
of students in the last grade of primary school minus the number of repeaters in that grade by the total number of children of official completing age.
Because of the change from the International Standard Classification of
Education 1976 (ISCED76) to ISCED97, data for years before 1999 are not
fully comparable with data for 1999 onward. (United Nations Educational,
Scientific, and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics)
Ratio of girls to boys in primary and secondary school is the ratio of the
female to male gross enrollment rate in primary and secondary school.
(United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization Institute
for Statistics)
Remittances received are current transfers by migrant workers and wages
and salaries earned by nonresident workers. (International Monetary Fund
and World Bank)
Share of poorest 20% in national consumption or income is the share of
total national income or consumption that accrues to the poorest quintile.
(World Bank)
Starting a business is the number of calendar days needed to complete the
required procedures for legally operating a business. If a procedure can be
expedited at additional cost, the fastest procedure, independent of cost, is
chosen. Data listed for 2008 are for June 2009. (World Bank)
Stock market capitalization is the share price times the number of shares
outstanding. (Standard and Poor’s)
Surface area is a country’s total area, including areas under inland bodies of
water and some coastal waterways. (Food and Agriculture Organization)
Total debt service is the sum of principal repayments and interest actually
paid on long-term debt (public and publicly guaranteed and private nonguaranteed); interest paid on short-term debt; and International Monetary Fund

234

2010

The Little Data Book

repurchases and charges, expressed as a percentage of exports. Exports
refer to international transactions involving a change in ownership of general
merchandise, goods sent for processing and repairs, nonmonetary gold,
services, receipts of employee compensation for nonresident workers, investment income, and workers’ remittances. (World Bank)
Total external debt stocks are debt owed to nonresidents repayable in
foreign currency, goods, or services. They are the sum of public, publicly
guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed long-term debt, short-term debt, and
use of International Monetary Fund credit. (World Bank)
Total fertility is the number of children that would be born to a woman if
she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in
accordance with current age-specific fertility rates. (Eurostat, United Nations
Population Division, and World Bank)
Under-five mortality rate is the probability that a newborn baby will die
before age five if subject to current age-specific mortality rates. (United
Nations Children’s Fund, World Health Organization, World Bank, and United
Nations Population Division)
Value added in agriculture is the net output of agriculture (International
Standard Industrial Classification divisions 1–5 including forestry and fishing) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate outputs. (World
Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and United
Nations)
Value added in industry is the net output of industry (International Standard
Industrial Classification divisions 10–45, which includes mining, manufacturing, construction, electricity, water, and gas) after totaling outputs and
subtracting intermediate inputs. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic
Co-operation and Development, and United Nations)
Value added in services is the net output of services (International Standard
Industrial Classification divisions 50–99) after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. This sector is derived as a residual and may
not properly reflect the sum of services outputs, including banking and
financial services. (World Bank, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and
Development, and United Nations)

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235

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AFGHANISTAN ALBANIA ALGERIA AMERICAN SAMOA ANDORRA ANGOLA ANTIGUA AND
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REPUBLIC OF KOREA KOSOVO KUWAIT KYRGYZ REPUBLIC LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC
REPUBLIC LATVIA LEBANON LESOTHO LIBERIA LIBYA LIECHTENSTEIN LITHUANIA LUXEMBOURG
MACAO SAR, CHINA FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA MADAGASCAR MALAWI
MALAYSIA MALDIVES MALI MALTA MARSHALL ISLANDS MAURITANIA MAURITIUS MAYOTTE
MEXICO FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA MOLDOVA MONACO MONGOLIA MONTENEGRO
MOROCCO MOZAMBIQUE MYANMAR NAMIBIA NEPAL NETHERLANDS NETHERLANDS ANTILLES
NEW CALEDONIA NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS
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POLAND PORTUGAL PUERTO RICO QATAR ROMANIA RUSSIAN FEDERATION RWANDA SAMOA
SAN MARINO SÃO TOMÉ AND PRINCIPE SAUDI ARABIA SENEGAL SERBIA SEYCHELLES SIERRA
LEONE SINGAPORE SLOVAK REPUBLIC SLOVENIA SOLOMON ISLANDS SOMALIA SOUTH
AFRICA SPAIN SRI LANKA ST. KITTS AND NEVIS ST. LUCIA ST. VINCENT & GRENADINES
SUDAN SURINAME SWAZILAND SWEDEN SWITZERLAND SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC TAJIKISTAN
TANZANIA THAILAND TIMOR-LESTE TOGO TONGA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO TUNISIA TURKEY
TURKMENISTAN UGANDA UKRAINE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED
STATES URUGUAY UZBEKISTAN VANUATU REPÚBLICA BOLIVIARANA DE VENEZUELA VIETNAM
U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS WEST BANK AND GAZA REPUBLIC OF YEMEN ZAMBIA ZIMBABWE