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We can reduce air pollution from industries or factories by using public transport

to travel, increasing efficiency of equipments to consume less energy and opting

for natural gas. Nowadays environmental pollution has become a critical issue
due to increased demand to products and development. Due to deforestation
and industrialization, air quality is constantly degrading year on year. Any type of
air pollution has sources of industrial activities is known as Industrial air
pollution. Cutting down air pollution is the first step to go green.

5. Noise in Industry:
Although industrial noise is one of the less prevalent community noise problems, neighbors of noisy
manufacturing plants can be disturbed by sources such as fans, motors, and compressors mounted
on the outside of buildings Interior noise can also be transmitted to the community through open
windows and doors, and even through building walls. These interior noise sources have significant
impacts on industrial workers, among whom noise- induced hearing loss is unfortunately common.

Industrial Noise:
It is sound with a high intensity sound caused by industry machines. Sources of such noise pollution
is caused by machines from machines in various factories, industries and mills. Noise from
mechanical saws and pneumatic drills is unbearable and a nuisance to the public.
The Indian Institute of Oto-Rino Laryngology, Chennai reported that increasing industrial pollution
damages the hearing ability by atleast 20%.
Workers in steel industry, who work close to heavy industrial blowers are exposed to 112dB for eight
hours suffer from occupational pollution.
Control measures:
1. SOURCE CONTROL: This includes source modification such as acoustic treatment to
machine surface, design changes, limiting operational timings, etc
2. TRANSMISSION PATH INTERVENTION: This includes containing the source inside a sound
insulating enclosure, constructing a noise barrier or provision of sound absorbing materials
along the path.
3. RECEPTOR CONTROL: This includes protection of the receiver by altering the work schedule
or provision of personal protection devices such as ear plugs for operating noisy machinery.
The measure may include dissipation and deflection methods.
4. OILING: Proper oiling will reduce noise from the machine.
5. Use Noise absorbents in noisy machineries
6. We can check for machineries which are creating noise due to vibrations

and put some noise absorbents to reduce noise.

7. Use Proper Lubrication and Better maintenance

8. We can use proper lubrication as well as better maintenance of machines

to reduce noise pollution and improve efficiency. It reduces friction

between movable parts and helps to reduce noise.
Industrial air pollution can be divided in two categories:

Stationary emission sources

Air pollution from Stationary Emission sources in Industry Stationary
emission sources from industries / factories includes pollution from stacks,
chimney, diesel generators, boilers etc. They emit majorly Particulate
Matter (PM10 & PM2.5), Sulphur Dioxides (SO2), Nitrogen oxides (NOx),
Carbon monoxide (CO), Carbon Dioxide (CO2), VOC etc.
Mobile emission sources
Air pollution from Mobile emission sources in Industry Mobile emission
sources majorly include transportation of products or raw materials in
industries. It includes harmful gases like particulate matter (PM2.5 &
PM10) and Nitrogen Oxides (NOx).

Ways to Reduce Air Pollution from Factories



We can reduce air pollution by conserving energy by turning off

lights, computers, air conditioners and other appliances when not in
Encourage your employees to use public transport or you can
arrange a bus from a common point for your employees.
When purchasing a vehicle for your company consider buying most
efficient, lowest polluting or if possible zero emission electric
Encourage employees to use bicycle for daily commute Ensure
drivers in your company obeying traffic laws, speed limits,
maintaining vehicles properly and keeping optimum air pressure in
Replace lights in your factory to energy efficient bulbs GO green by
limiting the use of paper as it may save some trees Choose
materials which are made from recycled materials
Encourage teleconference than physical meeting Encourage
activities like planting trees once a year among employees
Give awards to employees who reduced emissions in their shifts
Improve machineries or manufacturing processes to reduce
emissions from factories
Boosting performance of boilers can sharply reduce air pollution
from industry
Earlier companies used electric motors with efficiencies 60-90
percentage now electric motors with 95% of efficiency are also


Proper maintenance of boiler e.g. blowing dust from surface,

reducing excess air can reduce air pollution from industries
Reducing the need of steam the use of boiler, by identifying leaks
can boost system by 10-50%
Switching from coal, oil to natural gas reduced operating costs and
extend plants life by eliminating corrosion from fuels
Monitor Air quality in your industry periodically to identify
irregularities in pollutants level in air and keep your pollutants level
within limits