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COMPUTATION OF STRESSES DUE TO RISE IN TEMPERATURE AT MID-SPAN OF OUTER GIRDER

ZONE

A
(m2)

a'

0.461

0.000
0.150
a

0.246

b'

0.225

0.080
0.180
b

-0.008
-0.010

0.085
0.110

0.305
1.050

0.100
0.200

f'

0.064
0.090

0.107
0.150

SUM

1.584

Ec

1.80E+06
1.17E-05
5.75E-05

8.34E-05

y
(m)
0.000
0.075
0.150
0.190
0.230
0.320
0.410
0.405
0.400
0.455
0.510
1.035
1.560
1.660
1.760
1.805
1.850
1.925
2.000

(t/m2)
(/oC)

Ay
(m3)

Ay2
(m4)

0.035

0.003

0.047

0.009

0.072

0.023

-0.003

-0.001

0.039

0.018

0.315

0.326

0.166

0.276

0.115

0.208

0.205

0.395

0.990

1.255

t
( C)
17.800
10.900
4.000
3.600
3.200
1.760
0.320
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
1.050
2.100

At

Aty

5.028

0.377

0.886

0.168

0.396

0.127

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.112

0.215

6.421

0.887

(Note: -ve fei indicates Compre

COMPUTATION OF STRESSES DUE TO RISE IN TEMPERATURE AT SUPPORT OF OUTER GIRDER


ZONE

A
(m2)

a'

0.461

0.000
0.150
a

0.246

b'

0.225

0.080
0.180
b

-0.010
-0.010

0.064
0.065

0.777
1.095

0.142
0.200

f'

0.064
0.090

0.107
0.150

SUM

2.076

Ec

1.80E+06
1.17E-05
6.17E-05

y
(m)
0.000
0.075
0.150
0.190
0.230
0.320
0.410
0.405
0.400
0.433
0.465
1.013
1.560
1.660
1.760
1.805
1.850
1.925
2.000

Ay
(m3)

Ay2
(m4)

0.035

0.003

0.047

0.009

0.072

0.023

-0.004

-0.002

0.028

0.012

0.787

0.797

0.236

0.391

0.115

0.208

0.205

0.395

1.520

1.836

t
( C)
17.800
10.900
4.000
3.600
3.200
1.760
0.320
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
1.050
2.100

At

Aty

5.028

0.377

0.886

0.168

0.396

0.127

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.112

0.215

6.421

0.887

(t/m2)
(/oC)

(Note: -ve fei indicates Compre

8.14E-05

COMPUTATION OF STRESSES DUE TO RISE IN TEMPERATURE AT L/8 OF OUTER GIRDER


ZONE

A
(m2)

y
(m)

Ay
(m3)

Ay2
(m4)

t
(oC)

At

Aty

0.000
a'

0.461

0.246

0.150
0.080
b'

0.225
0.180

-0.009
-0.010

0.081
0.090

0.585
1.070

0.126
0.200

f'

0.064
0.090

0.107

SUM

1.886

Ec

1.80E+06
1.17E-05
6.03E-05

0.150

8.19E-05

0.000
0.075
0.150
0.190
0.230
0.320
0.410
0.405
0.400
0.445
0.490
1.025
1.560
1.660
1.760
1.805
1.850
1.925
2.000

(t/m2)
(/oC)

0.035

0.003

0.047

0.009

0.072

0.023

-0.004

-0.001

0.036

0.016

0.600

0.615

0.209

0.346

0.115

0.208

0.205

0.395

1.315

1.613

17.800
10.900
4.000
3.600
3.200
1.760
0.320
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
1.050
2.100

5.028

0.377

0.886

0.168

0.396

0.127

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.112

0.215

6.421

0.887

(Note: -ve fei indicates Compre

AN OF OUTER GIRDER

fei

2.08E-04
1.28E-04
4.68E-05
4.21E-05
3.74E-05
2.06E-05
3.74E-06
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
1.23E-05
2.46E-05

(t/m2)
-225
-87
50
55
59
80
101
108
109
103
97
43
-11
-22
-32
-37
-41
-71
-101

y
0.00E+00
4.31E-06
8.62E-06
1.09E-05
1.32E-05
1.84E-05
2.36E-05
2.33E-05
2.30E-05
2.62E-05
2.93E-05
5.95E-05
8.97E-05
9.54E-05
1.01E-04
1.04E-04
1.06E-04
1.11E-04
1.15E-04

Note: -ve fei indicates Compression)


a
b
c
d

e
f

fei

2.08E-04
1.28E-04
4.68E-05
4.21E-05
3.74E-05
2.06E-05
3.74E-06
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
1.23E-05
2.46E-05

(t/m2)
-229
-91
46
50
54
74
94
102
102
99
95
34
-27
-38
-49
-54
-59
-90
-120

y
0.00E+00
4.63E-06
9.26E-06
1.17E-05
1.42E-05
1.98E-05
2.53E-05
2.50E-05
2.47E-05
2.67E-05
2.87E-05
6.25E-05
9.63E-05
1.02E-04
1.09E-04
1.11E-04
1.14E-04
1.19E-04
1.23E-04

Note: -ve fei indicates Compression)


a
b
c
d

e
f

fei
(t/m2)

0.00E+00
4.52E-06
9.04E-06
1.15E-05
1.39E-05
1.93E-05
2.47E-05
2.44E-05
2.41E-05
2.68E-05
2.95E-05
6.18E-05
9.40E-05
1.00E-04
1.06E-04
1.09E-04
1.12E-04
1.16E-04
1.21E-04

2.08E-04
1.28E-04
4.68E-05
4.21E-05
3.74E-05
2.06E-05
3.74E-06
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
1.23E-05
2.46E-05

Note: -ve fei indicates Compression)


a
b
c
d

e
f

-228
-90
47
51
55
76
96
104
104
99
94
36
-22
-33
-44
-49
-53
-84
-114

COMPUTATION OF STRESSES DUE TO FALL IN TEMPERATURE IN MID-SPAN OF OUTER GIRDER


ZONE

A
(m2)

0.707

0.000
0.230
b

0.025

b'

0.200

0.020
0.160
c

0.031
0.040

c'

0.046
0.060

d'

0.302
1.040

0.003
0.010

e'

0.095
0.190

0.007
0.010

0.170

SUM

1.586

Ec

1.80E+06
1.17E-05
-2.91E-05

0.240

-5.90E-05

y
(m)
0.000
0.115
0.230
0.240
0.250
0.330
0.410
0.430
0.450
0.480
0.510
1.030
1.550
1.555
1.560
1.655
1.750
1.755
1.760
1.880
2.000

(t/m2)
(/oC)

Ay
(m3)

Ay2
(m4)

0.081

0.009

0.006

0.001

0.066

0.022

0.013

0.006

0.022

0.011

0.311

0.320

0.005

0.007

0.157

0.260

0.012

0.022

0.320

0.602

0.994

1.260

t
( C)
-10.600
-6.640
-2.680
-1.690
-0.700
-0.473
-0.245
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
-0.020
-0.040
-0.420
-0.800
-0.916
-1.032
-3.816
-6.600

At

Aty

-4.696

-0.540

-0.042

-0.010

-0.095

-0.031

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

-0.040

-0.066

-0.007

-0.011

-0.650

-1.222

-5.530

-1.881

(Note: -ve fei indicates Compre

COMPUTATION OF STRESSES DUE TO FALL IN TEMPERATURE IN SUPPORT OF OUTER GIRDER


ZONE

A
(m2)

0.707

0.000
0.230
b

0.025
0.020

b'

0.200
0.160

0.054
0.055

d''

-0.011
-0.015

d'

0.781
1.100

0.007
0.010

e'

0.135

0.007

0.190
0.010
f

0.170
0.240

SUM

2.076

Ec

1.80E+06
1.17E-05
-3.50E-05

-5.70E-05

y
(m)
0.000
0.115
0.230
0.240
0.250
0.330
0.410
0.438
0.465
0.458
0.450
1.000
1.550
1.555
1.560
1.655
1.750
1.755
1.760
1.880
2.000

Ay
(m3)

Ay2
(m4)

0.081

0.009

0.006

0.001

0.066

0.022

0.024

0.010

-0.005

-0.002

0.781

0.781

0.011

0.017

0.223

0.369

0.012

0.022

0.320

0.602

1.520

1.832

t
(oC)
-10.600
-6.640
-2.680
-1.690
-0.700
-0.473
-0.245
-0.149
-0.053
-0.026
0.000
0.000
0.000
-0.020
-0.040
-0.420
-0.800
-0.916
-1.032
-3.816
-6.600

At

Aty

-4.696

-0.540

-0.042

-0.010

-0.095

-0.031

-0.008

-0.004

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

-0.057

-0.094

-0.007

-0.011

-0.650

-1.222

-5.554

-1.913

(t/m2)
(/oC)

(Note: -ve fei indicates Compre

COMPUTATION OF STRESSES DUE TO FALL IN TEMPERATURE IN L/8 OF OUTER GIRDER


ZONE

A
(m2)

0.707

0.000
0.230
b

0.025

b'

0.200

0.020
0.160
c

0.036
0.040

c'

0.036

d'

0.580

0.040
1.060
d

0.005
0.010

e'

0.119
0.190

0.007
0.010

0.170
0.240

SUM

1.886

Ec

1.80E+06
1.17E-05
-3.30E-05

-5.74E-05

y
(m)
0.000
0.115
0.230
0.240
0.250
0.330
0.410
0.430
0.450
0.470
0.490
1.020
1.550
1.555
1.560
1.655
1.750
1.755
1.760
1.880
2.000

(t/m2)
(/oC)

Ay
(m3)

Ay2
(m4)

0.081

0.009

0.006

0.001

0.066

0.022

0.015

0.007

0.017

0.008

0.591

0.603

0.009

0.013

0.198

0.327

0.012

0.022

0.320

0.602

1.316

1.615

t
( C)
-10.600
-6.640
-2.680
-1.690
-0.700
-0.473
-0.245
-0.123
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
-0.020
-0.040
-0.420
-0.800
-0.916
-1.032
-3.816
-6.600

At

Aty

-4.696

-0.540

-0.042

-0.010

-0.095

-0.031

-0.004

-0.002

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

-0.050

-0.083

-0.007

-0.011

-0.650

-1.222

-5.544

-1.900

(Note: -ve fei indicates Compre

fei

-1.24E-04
-7.77E-05
-3.14E-05
-1.98E-05
-8.19E-06
-5.53E-06
-2.87E-06
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
-2.34E-07
-4.68E-07
-4.91E-06
-9.36E-06
-1.07E-05
-1.21E-05
-4.46E-05
-7.72E-05

(t/m2)
117
40
-38
-58
-78
-79
-80
-84
-83
-81
-80
-52
-25
-24
-24
-11
2
5
8
73
138

y
-0.00E+00
-3.34E-06
-6.68E-06
-6.98E-06
-7.27E-06
-9.59E-06
-1.19E-05
-1.25E-05
-1.31E-05
-1.40E-05
-1.48E-05
-2.99E-05
-4.51E-05
-4.52E-05
-4.53E-05
-4.81E-05
-5.09E-05
-5.10E-05
-5.12E-05
-5.46E-05
-5.81E-05

Note: -ve fei indicates Compression)


a
b
c
d

e
f

fei

-1.24E-04
-7.77E-05
-3.14E-05
-1.98E-05
-8.19E-06
-5.53E-06
-2.87E-06
-1.74E-06
-6.14E-07
-3.07E-07
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
-2.34E-07
-4.68E-07
-4.91E-06
-9.36E-06
-1.07E-05
-1.21E-05
-4.46E-05
-7.72E-05

(t/m2)
121
45
-32
-52
-72
-72
-72
-72
-72
-73
-74
-40
-5
-4
-3
11
25
27
30
97
163

y
-0.00E+00
-4.03E-06
-8.06E-06
-8.41E-06
-8.76E-06
-1.16E-05
-1.44E-05
-1.53E-05
-1.63E-05
-1.60E-05
-1.58E-05
-3.50E-05
-5.43E-05
-5.45E-05
-5.47E-05
-5.80E-05
-6.13E-05
-6.15E-05
-6.17E-05
-6.59E-05
-7.01E-05

Note: -ve fei indicates Compression)


a
b
c
d

e
f

fei

-1.24E-04
-7.77E-05
-3.14E-05
-1.98E-05
-8.19E-06
-5.53E-06
-2.87E-06
-1.43E-06
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
0.00E+00
-2.34E-07
-4.68E-07
-4.91E-06
-9.36E-06
-1.07E-05
-1.21E-05
-4.46E-05
-7.72E-05

(t/m2)
120
43
-33
-54
-74
-74
-74
-75
-77
-76
-74
-43
-11
-10
-10
4
18
20
23
89
155

y
-0.00E+00
-3.80E-06
-7.60E-06
-7.93E-06
-8.26E-06
-1.09E-05
-1.35E-05
-1.42E-05
-1.49E-05
-1.55E-05
-1.62E-05
-3.37E-05
-5.12E-05
-5.14E-05
-5.16E-05
-5.47E-05
-5.78E-05
-5.80E-05
-5.82E-05
-6.21E-05
-6.61E-05

Note: -ve fei indicates Compression)


a
b
c
d

Design of deck slab


Summary of bending moment (t-m)
Live load BM
Mem no
5
6
8
9
10
12
13
14

Node no Dead load


5
6
8
9
10
12
13
14

-0.160
-0.041
0.201
0.354
0.201
-0.041
-0.160
-0.584

SIDL
-0.738
-0.156
0.408
0.457
0.408
-0.156
-0.738
-1.418

Temp rise Temp fall


0.996
1.522
1.992
1.992
1.992
1.522
0.996
0.470

0.637
0.920
1.181
1.190
1.199
0.922
0.603
0.285

+ve BM

-ve BM

dl+sidl+
+ve LL BM

2.714
1.094
1.327
2.237
1.314
1.080
2.715
2.196

-1.031
-1.084
-1.259
-0.673
-1.257
-1.077
-1.031
-2.087

1.816
0.897
1.936
3.048
1.923
0.883
1.817
0.194

dl+sidl+
-ve LL
BM
-1.929
-1.281
-0.650
0.138
-0.648
-1.274
-1.929
-4.089

Mem no

Node no

5
6
8
9
10
12
13
14

5
6
8
9
10
12
13
14

Provided
dl+sidl+ LL+ dl+sidl+LL+t Design BM Design BM Overall depth
temp rise
emp fall
Sag(t-m)
Hog(t-m)
(m)
1.455
1.872
3.265
3.922
3.258
1.865
1.456
-0.434

1.096
1.270
2.454
3.120
2.465
1.265
1.063
-0.619

1.816
1.872
3.265
3.922
3.258
1.865
1.817
0.194

-1.929
-1.281
-0.650
0.138
-0.648
-1.274
-1.929
-4.089

0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25

Clear cover
(m)
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04

Reqd
Overall
depth (m) Remarks
0.164
0.162
0.198
0.213
0.198
0.162
0.164
0.216

OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

Mem no
5
6
8
9
10
12
13
14

Reqd Ast
at Bottom
Node no (cm^2/m)
5
6
8
9
10
12
13
14

5.01
5.16
9.00
10.81
8.98
5.14
5.01
0.53

Reqd Ast
at Top
Min Ast
(cm^2/m) (cm^2/m)
5.32
3.53
1.79
0.38
1.79
3.51
5.32
11.27

3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00

Steel provided at bottom

Steel provided at top

Dia(mm)

Spacing
(mm c/c)

Ast prov.
(cm^2/m)

Remarks

Dia(mm)

Spacing
(mm c/c)

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200

15.71
15.71
15.71
15.71
15.71
15.71
15.71
15.71

OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

20
20
20
20
20
20
20
20

200
200
200
200
200
200
200
200

Provide

Residual tensile stress at deck top =


Force developed due to stress =
Area of steel required =

@ 200 c/c Ast prov =


at top and bottom

138.65
t/m2
34.66
t/m
17.33 cm2/m
20.11 cm2/m

Ast prov.
(cm^2/m) Remarks
15.71
15.71
15.71
15.71
15.71
15.71
15.71
15.71

OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

DESIGN OF DECK SLAB


Design span moment
Design support moment
Width

=
=
=

6.66
5.16
2.05

t-m
t-m
m

Design span moment


Design support moment

=
=

3.25
2.52

t-m
t-m

=
=
=
=

184.37
0.365
0.878
0.12
0.18

t/m2

10.2

cm2/m

11.2

cm2/m

7.9

cm2/m

11.2

cm2/m

Residual Tensile Stress at top of deck


Force due to stress
=420*

=
=

420.00
96.60

Area of steel required per metre


=96.60/2
@ 100 c/c at top and bottom
Provide

48.3

cm2/m

62.8

cm2/m

Moment of resistance M= Qbd2

Where , Q = 0.5*cbc * j*k


k = m / (m + r)
j = 1 - k/3
Required effective depth
Depth provided
Required Ast
Provide
Provided Ast
Required Ast
Provide

=(2.517/184.37)^0.5
=--0.008

=M/jdst =3.249*10000/*0.878*0.182
@ 180 c/c at span
=M/jdst =2.517*10000/*0.878*0.182
@ 180 c/c at support

Provided Ast

m
m

Design for Longitudinal Reinforcement (Due to Tension at top of slab)


t/m2
t/m