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Ejemplo 8-5 fogler

Operacion adiavatica
POLYMATH Results
11-20-2016, Rev5.1.233

Calculated values of the DEQ variables


Variable
V
X
T
Fa0
Cpa
delCp
Ca0
To
deltaH
ra

initial value
0
0
1035
0.0376
163
-9
18.8
1035
7.414E+04
-67.304

minimal value
0
0
768.34455
0.0376
163
-9
18.8
1035
7.414E+04
-67.304

maximal value
5
0.5678939
1035
0.0376
163
-9
18.8
1035
7.654E+04
-2.595E-04

ODE Report (RKF45)


Differential equations as entered by the user
[1] d(X)/d(V) = -ra/Fa0
[2] d(T)/d(V) = -ra*(-deltaH)/(Fa0*(Cpa+X*delCp))
Explicit equations as entered by the user
[1] Fa0 = 0.0376
[2] Cpa = 163
[3] delCp = -9
[4] Ca0 = 18.8
[5] To = 1035
[6] deltaH = 80770+delCp*(T-298)
[7] ra = -Ca0*3.58*exp(34222*(1/To-1/T))*(1-X)*(To/T)/(1+X)
Independent variable
variable name : V
initial value : 0
final value : 5

final value
5
0.5678939
768.34455
0.0376
163
-9
18.8
1035
7.654E+04
-2.595E-04

Intercambiador de calor a temperatura constante


Calculated values of the DEQ variables
Variable
V
X
T
Fao
Cpa
delCp
Cao
To
deltaH
ra
Ta
Ua

initial value
0
0
1035
0.0376
163
-9
18.8
1035
7.414E+04
-67.304
1150
1.65E+04

minimal value
0
0
1017.7621
0.0376
163
-9
18.8
1035
7.402E+04
-67.304
1150
1.65E+04

maximal value
0.001
0.6810145
1048.3206
0.0376
163
-9
18.8
1035
7.429E+04
-19.19336
1150
1.65E+04

ODE Report (RKF45)


Differential equations as entered by the user
[1] d(X)/d(V) = -ra/Fao
[2] d(T)/d(V) = (Ua*(Ta-T)+ra*deltaH)/(Fao*(Cpa+X*delCp))
Explicit equations as entered by the user

final value
0.001
0.6810145
1048.3206
0.0376
163
-9
18.8
1035
7.402E+04
-19.19336
1150
1.65E+04

[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
[8]
[9]

Fao = 0.0376
Cpa = 163
delCp = -9
Cao = 18.8
To = 1035
deltaH = 80770+delCp*(T-298)
ra = -Cao*3.58*exp(34222*(1/To-1/T))*(1-X)*(To/T)/(1+X)
Ta = 1150
Ua = 16500

Independent variable
variable name : V
initial value : 0
final value : 0.001

Problema 8-5 inciso A calculo de Volumen PFR


POLYMATH Results
11-21-2016, Rev5.1.233

Calculated values of the DEQ variables


Variable
X
V
Ca0
Fa0
T
K
ra

initial value
0
0
0.1
0.2
300
0.01
-1.0E-04

minimal value
0
0
0.1
0.2
300
0.01
-0.0018938

ODE Report (RKF45)


Differential equations as entered by the user
[1] d(V)/d(X) = -Fa0/ra
Explicit equations as entered by the user
[1] Ca0 = 0.1
[2] Fa0 = 0.2
[3] T = 300 + 200 * X
[4] K = 0.01*exp((10000/2)*(1/300-1/T))
[5] ra = -K*(Ca0^2)*((1-X)^2)
Independent variable
variable name : X
initial value : 0
final value : 0.85

maximal value
0.85
308.29167
0.1
0.2
470
4.1503747
-1.0E-04

final value
0.85
308.29167
0.1
0.2
470
4.1503747
-9.338E-04

P8-5 inciso C

P8-5 inciso D clculo de X en un CSTR de 500 dm3


POLYMATH Results
11-21-2016, Rev5.1.233

NLES Solution
Variable
T
X
K
ra

Value
484.41364
0.9220682
6.0728573
3.688E-04

f(x)
0
-2.041E-09

NLES Report (safenewt)


Nonlinear equations
[1] f(T) = 300+200*X-T = 0
[2] f(X) = 500-0.2*X/ra = 0

Explicit equations
[1] K = 0.01*exp(10000/1.98*(1/300-1/T))
[2] ra = 0.01*K*(1-X)^2

Ini Guess
480
0.9

P8-5 inciso D clculo de X en dos CSTR de 250 dm3


PRIMER REACTOR
POLYMATH Results
11-21-2016, Rev5.1.233

NLES Solution
Variable
T
X
K
ra

Value
476.482
0.88241
5.1052784
7.059E-04

f(x)
1.137E-13
-5.803E-09

Ini Guess
480
0.9

NLES Report (safenewt)


Nonlinear equations
[1] f(T) = 300+200*X-T = 0
[2] f(X) = 250-0.2*X/ra = 0

Explicit equations
[1] K = 0.01*exp(10000/1.98*(1/300-1/T))
[2] ra = 0.01*K*(1-X)^2

SEGUNDO REACTOR
POLYMATH Results
No Title

11-21-2016, Rev5.1.233

NLES Solution
Variable
T
X
K
ra
X1

Value
493.87377
0.9693688
7.4152525
6.957E-05
0.8824

f(x)
0
-1.359E-09

NLES Report (safenewt)


Nonlinear equations
[1] f(T) = 476.48+200*(X-X1)-T = 0
[2] f(X) = 250-0.2*(X-X1)/ra = 0

Explicit equations
[1] K = 0.01*exp(10000/1.98*(1/300-1/T))
[2] ra = 0.01*K*(1-X)^2
[3] X1 = 0.8824

Ini Guess
480
0.8824

P8-9 inciso A
V
T
X
Fa0
Ua
Ta
Dhr
Cpa
K
Ca0
Ca
ra

0
675
0
5
5
700
-235.524
0.1222
0.0734336
1
1
-0.0734336

0
675
0
5
5
700
-236.01067
0.1222
0.0734336
1
0.6419118
-0.3335975

ODE Report (RKF45)


Differential equations as entered by the user
[1] d(T)/d(V) = (Ua*(Ta-T)+(-ra)*(-Dhr))/(Fa0*Cpa)
[2] d(X)/d(V) = -ra/Fa0
Explicit equations as entered by the user
[1] Fa0 = 5
[2] Ua = 5
[3] Ta = 700
[4] Dhr = -231-0.012*(T-298)
[5] Cpa = 0.1222
[6] K = 1.48e11*exp(-19124/T)
[7] Ca0 = 1
[8] Ca = Ca0*(1-X)
[9] ra = -K*Ca^2

10
715.55597
0.3580882
5
5
700
-235.524
0.1222
0.3658299
1
1
-0.0734336

10
704.76882
0.3580882
5
5
700
-235.88123
0.1222
0.243008
1
0.6419118
-0.1001316

Inciso B

Inciso C
POLYMATH Results
No Title

11-22-2016, Rev5.1.233

Calculated values of the DEQ variables


Variable
V
T
X
Fa0

initial value
0
675
0
5

minimal value
0
675
0
5

maximal value
10
750.43935
0.4716398
5

final value
10
712.3107
0.4716398
5

Ua
Ta
Dhr
Cpa
K
Ca0
Ca
ra

5
708
-235.524
0.1222
0.0734336
1
1
-0.0734336

5
708
-236.42875
0.1222
0.0734336
1
0.5283602
-0.915971

5
708
-235.524
0.1222
1.26525
1
1
-0.0734336

5
708
-235.97173
0.1222
0.3238883
1
0.5283602
-0.0904181

ODE Report (RKF45)


Differential equations as entered by the user
[1] d(T)/d(V) = (Ua*(Ta-T)+(-ra)*(-Dhr))/(Fa0*Cpa)
[2] d(X)/d(V) = -ra/Fa0
Explicit equations as entered by the user
[1] Fa0 = 5
[2] Ua = 5
[3] Ta = 708
[4] Dhr = -231-0.012*(T-298)
[5] Cpa = 0.1222
[6] K = 1.48e11*exp(-19124/T)
[7] Ca0 = 1
[8] Ca = Ca0*(1-X)
[9] ra = -K*Ca^2

Inciso D
POLYMATH Results
No Title

11-22-2016, Rev5.1.233

Calculated values of the DEQ variables


Variable
V
X
Fa0
Ua
Ta
T0
Cpa
T
Ca0
Ca
Dhr
K
ra

initial value
0
0
5
5
708.3
675
0.1222
675
1
1
-235.524
0.0734336
-0.0734336

minimal value
0
0
5
5
708.3
675
0.1222
618.33416
1
0.9695163
-235.524
0.0054738
-0.0734336

ODE Report (RKF45)


Differential equations as entered by the user
[1] d(X)/d(V) = -ra/Fa0
Explicit equations as entered by the user
[1] Fa0 = 5
[2] Ua = 5
[3] Ta = 708.3
[4] T0 = 675
[5] Cpa = 0.1222
[6] T = (T0*Cpa-231*X-3.576*X)/(Cpa-0.012*X)

maximal value
10
0.0304837
5
5
708.3
675
0.1222
675
1
1
-234.84401
0.0734336
-0.0051452

final value
10
0.0304837
5
5
708.3
675
0.1222
618.33416
1
0.9695163
-234.84401
0.0054738
-0.0051452

[7] Ca0 = 1
[8] Ca = Ca0*(1-X)
[9] Dhr = -231-0.012*(T-298)
[10] K = 1.48e11*exp(-19124/T)
[11] ra = -K*Ca^2

P8-6 fogler
Inciso A
POLYMATH Results
11-22-2016, Rev5.1.233

Calculated values of the DEQ variables


Variable
X
W
T
V0
T0
K

initial value
0
0
450
20
450
0.133

minimal value
0
0
450
20
450
0.133

ODE Report (RKF45)


Differential equations as entered by the user
[1] d(W)/d(X) = V0*(1+X)*T/K/(1-X)/T0
Explicit equations as entered by the user

maximal value
0.8
43.137105
850
20
450
6.9043315

final value
0.8
43.137105
850
20
450
6.9043315

[1]
[2]
[3]
[4]

T = 450+500*X
V0 = 20
T0 = 450
K = 0.133*exp(31400/8.314*(1/T0-1/T))