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A.

Pengertian Report Text and Examples


Report text is one kind of genre of descriptive text into categories. Report definition text itself is
a genre or type of text trying to describe something like objects, humans, plants, animals and
other things that are still very common. So do not focus on one thing, but all the objects that fall
into the category. For example we're talking about the elephant, then we will discuss the nature,
shape, character elephants in general.
B. Differences Report Text and Descriptive Text
How to distinguish between text and descriptive text report is easiest to see if something
described the general or specific. If something is common, it is the type of text a report. But if
the special, the kind textnya is descriptive.
For example, the descriptive text explanation I give the example of Borobudur. In it explain
how the form of Borobudur Temple, located and when made. So just focus and specifically
describes an object called Borobudur. Another case when I explained about the temple. So I will
explain the shape or model of the temple in general as to what, then the temple is a place of
worship religion and so on. So I explained the temple in general, be it a temple of Borobudur,
Prambanan, Mendut and so forth, not specific and focused.
In addition, the text usually reports usually describe something with a scientific standpoint. So
that would be followed by an explanation of the results of the study or observation of the object
being discussed.
C. Objectives Report Text
Report communicative purpose of the text is to describe it as it is something that is the result of
observation or research and analysis systematically. Bottom line text Report contains facts an
object that can be proven scientifically.
D. Generic Structure Report Text
The general arrangement or Generic Structure generally consists of a sequence as follows:
General Classification
General statements that describe the subject of reports, statements, and classification.
Description
Tells what the phenomenon under discussion; in terms of parts, qualities, habits or behaviors.
In this section usually give you a phenomena that occurs, both parts, its properties, habit, or
behavior. The point is the translation of scientific classification presented.
E. Characteristics Report Text
Because it aims to reveal a picture of something based on scientific studies, it is usually used
scientific language.
And because it contains scientific facts tersebutlah, the report text is dominated by the simple
present tense.
The title will look common, such as Playing Football and not Manchester Football Club.

Usually accompanied by a picture, the statistical data in the form of a diagram or map to
ensure that the results of research carried out scientifically.

F. Contoh Report Text dan Penjelasannya

Contoh 1: Komodo Dragon.


Komodo dragons have thrived in the harsh climate of Indonesias Lesser Sunda Islands for
millions of years, although amazingly, their existence was unknown to humans until about 100
years ago.
Reaching 10 feet (3 meters) in length and more than 300 pounds (136 kilograms), Komodo
dragons are the heaviest lizards on Earth. They have long, flat heads with rounded snouts, scaly
skin, bowed legs, and huge, muscular tails.
As the dominant predators on the handful of islands they inhabit, they will eat almost anything,
including carrion, deer, pigs, smaller dragons, and even large water buffalo and humans. When
hunting, Komodo dragons rely on camouflage and patience, lying in wait for passing prey. When
a victim ambles by, the dragon springs, using its powerful legs, sharp claws and serrated, sharklike teeth to eviscerate its prey.
Animals that escape the jaws of a Komodo will only feel lucky briefly. Dragon saliva teems with
over 50 strains of bacteria, and within 24 hours, the stricken creature usually dies of blood
poisoning. Dragons calmly follow an escapee for miles as the bacteria takes effect, using their
keen sense of smell to hone in on the corpse. A dragon can eat a whopping 80 percent of its body
weight in a single feeding.
There is a stable population of about 3,000 to 5,000 Komodo dragons on the islands of Komodo,
Gila Motang, Rinca, and Flores. However, a dearth of egg-laying females, poaching, human
encroachment, and natural disasters has driven the species to endangered status.

A. Definition Procedure Text


Before explaining about the generic structure, characteristics and procedure text for example, I'll
start this explanation of defining procedure text either in English or in Indonesian. "Procedure
text is a text that is designed to describe how something is Achieved through a sequence of
actions or steps". So is the procedure text is a genre of text that serves to illustrate how
something is done or accomplished through a sequence of actions or steps that correctly.
B. Purpose Procedure Text
Communicative purpose of the procedure text is how a writer is able to hang the reader on how
to do, finish or achieve something by way of a coherent and correct or procedural. Actual views
of the term, we would have been able to understand what is meant with the procedure text. So
maybe this is one genre of text without the previously described but we've been able to feel what
the purpose of this text.
C. Generic Structure Procedure Text
1. The Goal of Activity
Pada bagian ini, penulis mencoba menjelaskan tentang apa yang akan dibuat atau dicapai
melalui serangkaian langkah yang akan dijelaskan pada paragraf berikutnya sehingga
pembaca tidak salah paham tentang apa yang sedang dibicarakan.
2. Any Material Needed for Procedure
Setelah pembaca mengetahui sesuatu apa yang akan dibuat atau dicapai, kemudian
penulis memaparkan materi atau bahan-bahan yang harus dipersiapkan atau dibutuhkan
agar sesuatu tersebut dapat dicapai dengan baik. Jadi pastikan semua bahan atau materi
sudah lengkap sebelum mulai membuatnya.
3. Steps to Achieve the goal
Jika bahan-bahan atau materi yang dibutuhkan sudah lengkap, barulah penulis
memberitahukan langkah-langkah yang harus dilakukan secara runtut atau urut. Jadi pada
bagian ini penulis harus menjelaskannya secara urut dan tidak boleh loncat-loncat.
4. Conclusion
Kesimpulan yang berisi tentang hasil akhir dari apa yang telah dikerjakan sesuai dengan
langkah-langkah yang telah ditentukan.
5. D. Characteristics Procedure Text Editor
6.
7.
Focus on common human agents.
8.
The use of the present tense.
9.
often Imperative / orders form, such as: make (make), use (use) and so on.
10. Use of conjuctions temporal (or numbering to show the order).
11. Examples: then, after that, before, after, while, and so forth.

E. Contoh Procedure Text

Contoh 1: How to Make a Milkshake


A milkshake is a sweet, cold beverage which is usually made from milk, ice cream, or iced milk,
and flavorings or sweeteners such as butterscotch, caramel sauce, chocolate sauce, or fruit syrup.
If you want to make a delicious milkshake by your selves, then this is the way how to make it.
The ingredients that you need to make a milkshake are:

4 cups vanilla ice cream

2 cups milk

4 teaspoons chocolate sauce (optional)

1 cup fresh or frozen strawberries

Now, follow these steps to make a milkshake.


1. Place milkshake glasses into the freezer. Using cold glasses will help the shake stay cool
to give you time to enjoy. Leave for up to an hour if possible.
2. Soften ice cream. It is easier to make a shake when the ice cream is slightly soft. Take the
ice cream out of the freezer a few minutes before making your shake.

3. Place the ingredients into a blender. Mix the ice cream, milk and added flavors into the
blender. Blend on high for one minute. Dont leave in the blender for longer or the shake
will melt quickly.
4. Pour shakes into frosty glasses. Take the glasses out of the freezer as soon as the blending
is complete. Then pour the shake mixture in.
5. Drop a straw into the shake, then enjoy. You can sip a shake right from the glass but
somehow the straw adds to the flavor and the experience.
If you do not have a blender, you may substitute with a mixer, but be careful as it could be
messy. And if you do not have anything else to mix, just use a spoon, but let the ice cream thaw
first to make the milkshake easier to mix. Enjoy your milkshake.
A. Understanding Narrative Text and example
Before discussing the purpose and characteristics of narrative text and examples, let us first
understand what is the sense of narrative text. When referring to wikipedia, it is a narrative text
is: "a narrative (or story) is any report of connected events, presented in a sequence of written or
spoken words, and / or in a sequence of (moving) pictures". Or if it is translated, it is a narrative
text is a kind of genre that series of events or the story from time to time and described the
sequence of beginning, middle and end. So it must be chronological, chronological meaning is
told in a coherent and should not be jumping.
B. Purpose Narrative Text
The basic purpose of the text narrative is to entertain and attract readers with a story or event that
has the problem that lead to conflict and at the end of the story is no resolution or a happy
ending, or even depressing. Actual narrative text is not confined to the mystical story, fiction,
legend, fairy tale or fable, but another story in the form of adventure, mystery and all forms of
story. In essence, narrative text is about the story. But the lesson in school, genre narrative text is
usually only used to indicate a fiction such as fairy tales or legends.
If the views of its kind, the narrative text that is often meant by the father's mother is a teacher
including Suggestive Narrative category, ie the text that purpose so that readers get the wisdom
of a story.

C. Struktur Umum
1. Orientasi : set adegan dan memperkenalkan para peserta.
2. Komplikasi : krisis, konflik, atau masalah muncul.
3. Resolusi : krisis atau masalah tersebut teratasi, untuk lebih baik atau lebih buruk.
4. Re-Orientasi : Opsional (tidak harus).

D. Distinctive Narrative Text Editor


If you got an assignment to create a post with the genre of narrative text, the characteristics
below can be used as guidelines:
Focus on one figure or the perpetrator, and usually individually so usually use pronouns such
as "I, we, she, he".
Most often use the past tense either the simple past tense, past continuous, past tense or the
other.
Sometimes use dialogue to engage the reader imagine that the story is more clearly visible and
tangible.
Because sequentially (chronologically), then usually also use conjunctions (conjunction) that
looks coherent story or sequence.

E. Contoh Narrative Text dan Penjelasannya.

Contoh 1: Cinderella.
Once upon a time, there was a beautiful young girl named Cinderella. He lived with his step
mother and two sisters. They were arrogant and bad tempered. They treated Cinderella very
badly. Her step mother made Cinderella do the hardest job in the house, such as scrubbing the
floor, cleaning the pot and pan and preparing food for the family. Her step sisters, on the other
hand, did not work on the house. Their mother gave them many pretty dresses to wear.
One day, a king invited all girls in his kingdom to attend a ball in his palace. They were excited
about this and spent so much time choosing the dresses they would wear. Cinderella could not
stop crying after they left.
Why are you crying, Cinderella? the voice asked.
She looked up and saw a fairy standing beside her. Then Cinderella told her why she was crying.
Well the fairy said, youve been such a cheerful, hardworking, uncomplaining girl that I will see

that you go to the ball. The fairy turned a pumpkin into a coach and mice into a smooth two
coach man and footman then tapped Cinderellas dress with her wand, and it became a beautiful
ball gown.
Then he gave her a pair of pretty glass shoes. Now, Cinderella, she said, you have to leave the
ball before midnight. Then he drove away a wonderful coach. Cinderella had a marvelous time
either. She danced again and again with the prince. Suddenly the clock began to strike twelve,
she ran toward the door as fast as he could do. In her hurry, one of her glass shoes left behind.
A few days later, the prince declared that he would marry the girl whose feet fitted the glass shoe.
Cinderellas stepsisters tried on it but it was too small for them, no matter how hard they
squeezed their toes into it. In the end, the kings page let Cinderella try the shoe. She stretched
his legs and slipped the shoe on the page. It fitted perfectly. Finally, she was ushered into a
magnificent palace and height. The prince were glad to see her again. They married and lived
happily ever after.
Recount Text is one kind of text in English recounting of events or experiences in the past. The
purpose of Recount Text is to provide information or to entertain the reader that there are no
conflicts.
1. Various Recount Text:
a. Personal Recount
That tells about the author's personal experience
b. factual Recount
That report events that actually occurred, such as science experiments report, police report.
c. imaginative
Ie making imaginative story and wrote the event or events that have occurred.
2. Struktur Recount Text adalah sebagai berikut :
a. Orientation
Yaitu pengenalan berupa memberikan informasi tentang siapa, dimana dan kapan peristiwa atau
kejadian itu terjadi di masa lampau.
b. Events
Yaitu merupakan rekaman peristiwa yang terjadi, biasanya disampaikan dalam urutan kronologis,
seperti : "In the first day... . And in the next day... . And in the last day... ." Pada bagian ini
terdapat juga komentar pribadi tentang peristiwa atau kejadian yang diceritakan.
c. Reorientation
Yaitu pengulangan pengenalan yang ada di orientation, pengulangan tentang rangkuman
peristiwa atau kejadian yang diceritakan.

Read more: http://www.kursusmudahbahasainggris.com/2013/09/pengertian-tujuan-strukturmacam-ciri.html#ixzz4R08CfvdC


3. Linguistic Characteristics Recount Text
At the time of reading Recount Text, will show characteristic linguistic as follows:
a. Using the phrase in the form of Past Tense.
Example: We went to Bandung last year, I was very happy.
b. Using Action Verbs.
Example: went, bought, wrote, slept, etc.
c. Using Adverbs and Adverbial Phrase to express the time, place and manner.
Example: yesterday, at school, quickly intervening, etc.
d. Using Conjunction and Time connectives to sort the event or events.
Examples: but, and, after that, etc.
4. Contoh Recount Text
Orientation
I spent my holiday in Jogjakarta last year. I went to Prambanan Temple with my family early in
the morning.
Events
We went to Prambanan Temple by bus and arrived at 01.00 in the afternoon. I saw many foreign
tourists there. I spoke English with them. Their name are Andrew and Peter. They were very
friendly. They came from New York. Prambanan Temple was crowded in holiday. We went back
at 07.00 in the evening.
Reorientation
It
was

very

interesting

holiday.

Contoh Recount Text

Singapore
I want to tell you about my memorable time in Singapore. It was one of the best holidays I ever
had.

I shall never forget the spectacular sight of the city. I saw from Mount Fable that night. The
roller-coaster ride, the stunts performed by the dolphins and the killer whale at the Sea World
were also exciting. I shall remember the thrill of having been on one of the longest rides in the
monorail in Sentosa Island for many years to come.
I also enjoyed various varieties of seafood at the makeshift roadside stalls at the Chinatown night
market. I also enjoyed the shopping trips. My family and friends agreed that the souvenirs were
value for money, especially the silk scarves with pretty prints and the attractive key chains.
Itulah Contoh Recount Text - Singapore. Untuk lebih memahami materi Recoun Text, silahkan
klik: Recount Text
Read more: http://www.kursusmudahbahasainggris.com/2013/09/pengertian-tujuan-strukturmacam-ciri.html#ixzz4R08NZoIF
ext Anecdote A. Definition and Examples
According to the website Vocabulary, what is meant by Anecdote is: "The roots of Anecdote lie
anekdota in the Greek word, meaning" unpublished. "The word's original sense in English was"
secret or private stories ". But the most common sense today is that of a funny story about
something that happened. "The term is derived Anecdote anekdota word meaning" unpublished /
not announced ". Actually, the term is used for a secret story or personal narrative. But then there
was a shift of meaning and understanding of the term anecdote into a funny story.
B. Purpose or pupose Anecdote Text
Anecdote text communicative purpose is to tell the story of the past which aims to entertain the
reader or listener with stories unusual or that can make people laugh.

. Generic Structure Anecdote Text


Susunan atau struktur umum sebuah anecdote text adalah:
1. Abstract
Pada bagian ini, penulis akan memulai tulisan dengan mengenalkan sesuatu yang unik
atau ganjil secara singkat sehingga mengundang perhatian pendengar atau pembaca dan
membuat penasaran bagaimana itu bisa terjadi. Biasanya walaupun tidak mutlak
penulis akan memulainya dengan mengajukan sebuah pertanyaan.
2. Orientation
Setelah mampu membuat pendengar atau pembaca penasaran, kemudian penulis akan
mulai dengan memperkenalkan setting tempat, pelaku, waktu dari sebuah cerita. Bagian
ini memiliki fungsi yang sama seperti pada Narration Text.

3. Crisis
Bagian ketiga generic structure dari anecdote text adalah Crisis. Setelah pada bagian
abstrack penulis menceritakan hal unik secara singkat, pada bagian inilah kemudian
penulis mempertegas keunikan dan keganjilan yang terjadi sehingga grafik curiosity
(penasaran) pembaca mengalami peningkatan.
4. Reaction atau Incident
Pada bagian inilah penulis mengakhiri rasa penasaran akan hal ganjil atau unik dalam
cerita tersebut dengan menceritakan bagaimana pelaku memecahkan masalah atau
keganjilan yang terjadi. Dan pada bagian inilah biasanya pembaca atau pendengar
mendapatkan pemecahan masalah secara menggelitik atau lucu.
5. Coda (optional/tidak harus)
Coda adalah kesimpulan yang bisa ditarik dalam cerita lucu tersebut yang biasanya akan
mengundang tawa pendengar atau pembaca yang lebih besar lagi. Namun bagian generic
structure anecdote text ini tidak selalu ada dalam cerita anecdote.
6. D. Characteristics Text Anecdote
7.
8.
Using past tense either the simple past tense, past continuous and past perfect tense>
9.
For example: Last night, I met a beautiful girl wearing a swimsuit in the middle of
crowded people.
10. Uses the conjunction of time, ie conjunctions that show the sequence of events.
11. example: before, after.
12. Using the rhetoric question, that is the question which sometimes does not require an
answer for the questioner is more to know the answer. It is just to interact with the
listener or reader.
13. For example: Do you know why? (Do you know why?)
14. Using the exclamation or interjection such as:
15. example: what a bad day! (Really a bad day)
16. Using intensity word or words that show the intensity to dramatize the story.
17. example: very, much, and so forth.
E. Contoh Anecdote Text dan Penjelasannya

Contoh 1: Snake in The Bath

How would you like to find a snake in your bath? A nasty one too!
We had just moved into a new house, which had been empty for so long that everything was in a
terrible mess. Anna and I decided we would clean the bath first, so we set to, and turned on the
tap.
Suddenly to my horror, a snakes head appeared in the plug-hole. Then out slithered the rest of
his long thin body. He twisted and turned on the slippery bottom of the bath, spitting and hissing
at us.
For an instant I stood there quite paralyzed. Then I yelled for my husband, who luckily came
running and killed the snake with the handle of a broom. Anna, who was only three at the time,
was quite interested in the whole business. Indeed I had to pull her out of the way or shed
probably have leant over the bath to get a better look!
Ever since then Ive always put the plug in firmly before running the bath water.
Penjelasan:

Spoof Text A. Definition and Examples


Experts English Spoof Text defines as: "Spoof is a text roomates Tells a factual story, happened
in the past time with unpredictable and funny ending". Spoof text is a text that tells a story that
happened in the past with a funny ending that can not be predicted or estimated. So typically
contains anecdotes, puns funny or it could be a combination of both. So what's the difference
with a text Anecdote? The difference is this text spoof usually tell personal experiences while
Anecdote no.
B. Differences Spoof and Narrative Text
Both of these genres, Spoof Text and Narrative Text have similarities in terms of containing the
events that occurred in the past and aims to entertain the reader. But there is a fundamental
difference between the two. Narrative text aims to entertain readers with hope readers can take
the wisdom behind the story. While Spoof is aimed at entertaining the reader (entertaining
readers) but more emphasis on cuteness story rather than taking a lesson. And the humor lies the
story will be found at the end of the story. So keywords to Spoof text is FUNNY, if not funny
then not spoof text.
C. Objectives Spoof Text
Judging from your understanding, we can conclude for yourself that spoof text communicative
purpose is to tell a fictional story with a humorous style.
Pengertian, Struktur, Ciri Report Text dan Contohnya

Pengertian, Structure, Ciri-Ciri Anecdote Text dan Contohnya


Pengertian, Generic Structure, Ciri Spoof Text dan Contohnya
A. Pengertian Spoof Text dan Contohnya
Para pakar bahasa Inggris mendefinisikan Spoof Text sebagai: Spoof is a text which tells a
factual story, happened in the past time with unpredictable and funny ending. Spoof text adalah
sebuah teks yang menceritakan sebuah cerita yang terjadi pada masa lalu dengan akhir cerita
yang lucu yang tidak dapat diprediksi atau diperkirakan. Jadi biasanya berisi anekdot, permainan
kata yang lucu atau bisa jadi gabungan kedua-duanya. Lalu apa bedanya dengan text Anecdote?
Bedanya adalah spoof text ini biasanya menceritakan pengalaman pribadi sedangkan anecdote
tidak.
B. Perbedaan Spoof dan Narrative Text
Kedua genre ini, Spoof Text dan Narrative Text memiliki kesamaan dalam hal berisi kejadian
yang terjadi pada masa lampau dan bertujuan untuk menghibur pembaca. Namun ada perbedaan
mendasar di antara keduanya. Narrative text bertujuan menghibur pembaca dengan harapan
pembaca dapat mengambil hikmah di balik cerita tersebut. Sementara Spoof memang bertujuan
menghibur pembaca (entertaining readers) tapi lebih menekankan pada kelucuan cerita daripada
pengambilan hikmahnya. Dan letak kelucuan ceritanya akan dijumpai pada akhir cerita. Jadi kata
kunci untuk Spoof text adalah LUCU, jika tidak lucu maka bukan spoof text.
C. Tujuan Spoof Text
Dilihat dari pengertiannya, kita bisa mengambil kesimpulan sendiri bahwa tujuan komunikatif
spoof text adalah untuk menceritakan sebuah cerita fiktif dengan gaya humor.
D. Generic Structure Spoof Text
Susunan umum Spoof text punya ciri tersendiri, dan ini juga yang membedakannya dengan
Narrative text. Berikut generic structure pada spoof text:
1. Orientation: berisi pengenalan tokoh, latar, setting dll.
2. Events: berisi peristiwa atau kejadian.
3. Twist: ending cerita (akhir cerita yang dianggap lucu, kadang tidak terduga, dan biasanya
plintiran atau plesetan)
4. E. Characteristics Spoof Text
5.
6.
Usually one experiences recounted: I, we, she, he, they etc.

7.
8.

Tenses used is Past Tense.


To tell the details of the story, there is usually a dialogue so surely there is a sign: "...
text dialog ...

1. The Phone was Off


Soon after he left college, Dave found one of his uncles who was very rich and had no
children of his own died and left him a lot of money, so he decided to set up his own real estate
agency.
Dave found a nice office. He bought some new furniture and moved in. he had only been
there for e few hours when he heard someone coming toward the door of his office.
It must be my first customer Dave thought. He quickly picked up the telephone and
pretended to be very busy answering an important call from someone in New York who wanted
to buy a big and expensive house in the country.
The man knocked at the door while this was going on. He came in and waited politely for
Dave to finish his conversation on the phone. Then the man said to Dave; I am from the
telephone company and I was sent here to connect your telephone
Terjemahannya: Telponya Tak Tersambung
Segera setelah ia meninggalkan perguruan tinggi, Dave menemukan salah satu nya paman yang
sangat kaya dan tidak punya anak sendiri meninggal dan meninggalkan Dia banyak uang,
sehingga ia memutuskan untuk menetapkan atas agen real estat sendiri.
Dave ditemukan kantor yang bagus. Ia membeli beberapa perabot baru dan pindah in. ia hanya
berada di sana untuk e beberapa jam ketika ia mendengar seseorang datang ke arah pintu kantor.
Ini harus menjadi pelanggan pertama saya Dave berpikir. Ia dengan cepat mengambil telepon
dan berpura-pura sangat sibuk menjawab telpon penting dari seseorang di New York yang ingin
membeli rumah besar dan mahal dalam negara
orang mengetuk di pintu sementara ini sedang terjadi. Dia datang dan sopan menunggu Dave
untuk menyelesaikan percakapan telepon. Kemudian orang itu berkata kepada Dave; Saya dari
perusahaan telepon dan saya dikirim di sini untuk menghubungkan telepon Anda

A. Definition, Purpose, Characteristics, Descriptive Text and Examples


Before looking What is the definition of descriptive text as a whole, let us understand what is
meant by the word descriptive itself. Descriptive is an adjective that if we mean in Indonesian

means that the description (picture). If you were asked to describe an object, it means you have
to describe the object in question both in the size, color and so forth. According to Wikipedia, is
a Descriptive text is: "one kaedah data processing effort into something that can be expressed
clearly and precisely with the aim that can be understood by people who do not directly
experience it for yourself." So what is meant by descriptive text is an article or text that describes
the properties inherent in something, be it humans, animals, plants, or inanimate objects such as
houses, cars and so forth.
B. Purpose Descriptive Text
Judging from the above understanding, then in fact we are able to understand what is the purpose
of descriptive text. Another goal is to describe everything be it human, animal, plant or inanimate
objects with properties attached to it such as size, type, color, and so forth so that the reader or
the reader can figure out what something is out of the picture we convey even though he has not
never seen.

C. Struktur Text (Generic Structure)


Descriptive text mempunyai aturan tersendiri dalam penulisannya, termasuk dalam struktur atau
susunan yang harus ditulis secara urut. Jika kamu diminta untuk membuat descriptive text, maka
pastikan susunannya adalah sebagai berikut:
1. Identification: Bagian ini pada paragraf pertama tujuannya adalah untuk
mengidentifikasi sesuatu yang ingin dideskripsikan atau digambarkan. Penjelasan
mudahnya, indentification berfungsi untuk memperkenalkan kepada pembaca tentang
objek atau sesuatu yang akan kita gambarkan sebelum kita beritahu tentang sifat-sifatnya.
Tujuannya agar jangan sampai pembaca salah orang. Kita mau menggambarkan mobil
misalnya, tapi pembaca mengiranya motor.
Contoh: kamu diminta untuk menggambarkan mobil barumu, maka isi identification-nya
adalah: Ayahku baru saja membelikan mobil baru. Mobil ini sebenarnya sudah lama aku
idam-idamkan, tapi baru sekarang ayahku membelikannya. (Berarti yang akan
digambarkan adalah mobilku, bukan mobil orang lain).
2. Description: Bagian ini pada paragraf kedua dan seterusnya berisi tentang sifat-sifat
yang melekat pada sesuatu yang sudah kamu kenalkan pada pembaca pada paragraf
pertama.
Misal (melanjutkan tentang mobil di atas): Mobil baruku ini merupakan mobil sport
keluaran terbaru dari Toyota. Jumlah bangkunya hanya dua, satu untuk sopir dan satunya
untuk penumpang, begitu juga dengan pintunya. Mobil ini bisa melesat hingga kecepatan
500 km/jam, hampir sama dengan kecepatan pesawat berjenis Foker.

D. Characteristics Descriptive Text

These characteristics are important for you to take into account when writing the descriptive text
is not wrong. So make sure you use the following features when using the genre will write
descriptive text:
Using the Simple Present Tense. Why use the simple present tense? this is because we will
describe a fact or truth that is attached to something or someone. And one of the functions of the
simple present is to illustrate a fact or truth (eg fact: the sun is hot). Therefore, you should always
use the first form of the verb (verb-1).
Your example will illustrate the properties of your new car: The color of my car is black, it can
run up to 500 km / hour.
Because its function is to describe something by explaining its properties, then the descriptive
text will be found many adjectives (adjective), as handsome, beautiful, tall, small, big, or if the
adjective is derived from the verb, then you will find additional -ve, -ing, -nt in tow,
Example:
Create (create)> creative (smart people make something).
Interest (interest)> interesting (something interesting)
In the descriptive text we will often find Relating verb (copula) which is (as in characteristic
number 1). In Indonesian is often interpreted as "is". Because the purpose or function descriptive
text is to describe, then definitely we will often find the word was (is). His name is Andy (his
name was Andy), his height is 160 cm (height is 160 cm).
E. Contoh Descriptive Text dan Penjelasannya.
Contoh 1: Borobudur Temple.
Borobudur is Hindu Budhist temple. It was build in the nineth century under Sailendra dynasty
of ancient Mataram kingdom. Borobudur is located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia.
Borobudur is well-known all over the world. Its construction is influenced by the Gupta
architecture of India. The temple is constructed on a hill 46 m high and consist of eight step like
stone terrace. The first five terrace are square and surrounded by walls adorned with Budist
sculpture in bas-relief. The upper three are circular. Each of them is with a circle of bell shapestupa. The entire adifice is crowned by a large stupa at the centre at the centre of the top circle.
The way to the summit extends through some 4.8 km of passage and starways. The design of
borobudur which symbolizes the structure of universe influences temples at Angkor, Cambodia.
Explanation:
The first paragraph: Identification, describes the superficial detail about Borobudur temple
will be described so that the reader will not misunderstand the temple is being discussed. That
the temple in question is named Borobudur temple, which is located in Magelang, Central Java.
Second paragraph: Description, contains an explanation or description of the Borobudur by
describing its properties such as:

- Located on a hill with a height of 46 meters and consists of 8 levels as a terrace.


- 5 first-level box-shaped (square) and dogged wall.
- 3 top-level round-shaped (circular).