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Put in 'mustn't' or 'don't / doesn't have to':

2) You

4) Children

tell lies. It's very naughty. mustn't

5) John's a millionaire. He

6) I

be late. mustn't

7) We

8) You

10) We

11) She

get it dirty. mustn't

miss the train, because it's the last one tonight. mustn't

have to
12) I

to
13) We

14) We

stay in a hotel in London; we can stay with my brother. don't

have to
15) I

spend too much money today, as I've only got a little left. mustn't

16) They

17) I

18) We

19) You

20) He

cook tonight because he's going to a restaurant. doesn't have

to
Choose 'must' or 'can't':

Modals of Probability
1) Why is that man looking around like that? He

2) That woman

be lost. must

6) This

be Susie - she'll still be at work now. can't

be John's house. This house has a red door and it's number 24, just like he said. must

7) Julie

8) He

have much money or she would buy a new car. Her old one is falling apart. can't

10) David

11) This

12) Her life

drink a lot of coffee. He's finished two packets already this week. must

be Jamie's coat. He's tall and this is tiny. can't

be easy. She has four children and very little money. can't

belong to the library. It's certainly not mine. must

19) It only takes three hours to fly from London to Sydney? That

20) There

be looking for something. must

be correct!. can't

be something wrong with the fridge! It's making a very unusual noise. must

We can use have to + infinitive, must + infinitive and should + infinitive to express obligation (something you have to

do).
Present

Positive

Negative

have to /
don't have to

no obligation

don't like.

must / mustn't

strong obligation (possibly based on the

speaker's opinion)

should / shouldn't

I must study today.

negative obligation
You mustn't smoke here.

You shouldn't smoke so much.

Be careful about the difference between mustn't and don't have to!
Mustn't means it's not allowed, or it's a bad idea:

You mustn't eat so much chocolate, you'll be sick

Don't have to means you don't need to do something, but it's fine if you want to do it:

I don't have to get up early at the weekend(of course, if I want to get up early, that's fine, but I can stay in bed if I
want).

Past

Positive

Negative

must*

was a child.

We didn't have to go to school on

Saturdays.

should have + pp /
shouldn't have + pp

a past action which didn't happen: the advice /

regret is too late

You should have gone to bed earlier,

now you have missed the train.

a past action which didn't happen: the advice /

regret is too late

You shouldn't have taken that job., it

* Remember 'must have done' is a modal verb of deduction or speculation, not obligation in the past. For example: Julie
must have left. Her coat's not here. See modals of probabilty for more information.

You ... smoke in this room.

must
mustn't
can

don't have to

You ... put the rubbish into the bin.
must
mustn't
has to

don't have to

We ... be quiet.
must
mustn't
has to

don't have to

can
must
mustn't

don't have to

You ... take photos in this museum.

must
can

mustn't

don't have to

I ... do my homework.
can
mustn't
have to

don't have to

can
must
mustn't

don't have to

You ... make noise in this area.

can
must
mustn't

don't have to

I ... watch TV late at night. My parents say I must go to bed early.
can't
must
don't have to

can

You ... speak on the mobile phone on an aeroplane.

can
must
mustn't
don't have to

1. If you want to lose weight, you shouldn't eat so much chocolate, so many
candies or drink beer every night.
2. Tomorrow is a holiday.My children don't have to get up early.
3. When I was a child I didn't have to go to school on Saturdays.
4. I must study tonight. My exams are tomorrow.
5. May I see the daily report? ...Thank you very much.
6. May I smoke here? ...No, you can't . I am sorry.
7. Silvia should have visited her grandmother yesterday. She is old and sick.
8. You must stop when the traffic lights turn red.
9. People mustn't drink and drive cars.It is prohibited.
10. He has to wear a tie and a uniform at work.