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Comparison Degree

Comparison is an adjective used to indicate levels of comparison. In the

language of the United Kingdom using the 3 forms of comparison, namely:
1. Positive Degree
2. Comparative Degree
3. the Superlative Degree
-Widia is u.s. big u.s. Maya. --------> Positive Degree
(Widia as great as the Maya.)
-Rina is bigger than Widia. --------> Comparative Degree
(Rina greater than Widia)
-Mira is the biggest. --------> Superlative Degree

Positive Degree (Ordinary Degree) is an adjective used to indicate that an object
or person in the same circumstances. The order of this sentence is formed by
placing the adjectives (adjectives) between the two of us.

to be + adjective + u.s. + u.s.

-He is the U.S. the U.S. his tall uncle.
(He's the same height with his uncle.)
-Najlia is the US smart USA Rania.
(Najlia the same smart with Rania.)
-You are the U.S. small u.s. my sister.
(You be the same with her little sister I.)


Comparative Degree (More Depth) are used to assert that the State of an object
or the person more than the other. This sentence formation rules are as follows:

to be + comparative + than
-Add the suffix "er" on adjectives (adjectives) are short (generally consists of one
or two syllables), combine with the word "than".
-To adjectives (adjectives) that is longer (more than two syllables) are generally
preceded by the word "more" before the adjective, followed by the word "than".

-My house is larger than Doni's house.
(My house is wider than the House Doni.)
-Magazine is more interesting than the newspaper.
(The magazine more attractive than newspaper.)
-Mr. Jack is richer than Mr. Black.
(Mr Jack richer than Mr Black.)

1. Adjectives ending in-e-letter is converted into comparative by adding-r.
-brave: brave---> braver: bolder
-large: broad---> larger: broader
-wide: wide-wider >: wider
-safe: safe---> safer more secure:
-fine: good---> finer points: better

2. Adjectives which consist of a single syllable and syllabic letters dead can be
transformed into comparative by adding-er
-hard: hard---> harder: harder

-high: high---> higher: higher

-low: low---> lower: lower
-slow: slow--slower >: more slowly
-young; young---> younger: young

3. Adjectives ending in a dead letter after a vowel that can be converted into
comparative by doubling the dead letter and then add-er.
-big: big--->: bigger: bigger
-fat: fat---> fatter: fatter
-hot: hot---> hotter: more hot
-thin: skinny---> thinner: thinner

4. Adjectives ending in-y letter after letter to die can be transformed into
comparative with replacing letters with letters y-i then added-er.
-crazy: crazy---> crazier: crazier
-easy: easy---> easier: easier
-happy: joyful---> happier more joyful:

-lazy: Tory mlas---> lazier: more lazy

-tidy: neat---> tidier: cleaner
5. Adjectives that end with the letter-r,-er,-le,-ow can be transformed into
comparative by adding-er.
-clever: clever---> cleverer: smarter
-near: near--nearer >: closer
-poor: poor---> poorer: poorer
-narrow: narrow---> narrower: more narrow
-shallow: shallow---> shallower: more shallow
6. Adjectives which consist of three or more syllables can be transformed into
comparative by adding more.
-beautiful: gorgeous---> more beautiful: more beautiful

-delicious: delicious---> more delicious: more tasty

-difficult: difficult---> more difficult: more difficult
-important: important---> more important: more important
-useful: useful---> more useful: more useful

7. Some of the adjectives changed to comparative with irregular patterns.

-good: good---> better: better
-bad: bad---> worse: worse
-little: little---> less: fewer
-much: a lot---> more: more
-far: a long way---> farther/further: much further

Superlative Degree (Tingkatan Paling) digunakan untuk menyatakan bahwa
suatu benda atau orang adalah paling dibanding lainnya.

to be + the superlative
Keterangan :
- Tambahkan akhiran "est" pada kalimat adjective yang pendek (umumnya yang
terdiri dari satu atau dua suku kata). Dahului dengan kata sandang "the".
- Untuk kata sifat (adjectives) yang lebih panjang (lebih dari dua suku kata)
umumnya didahului dengan kata "most" sebelum kata sifat itu. Dahului dengan
kata "the".
- Kata sifat yang berakhiran dengan huruf -e diubah menjadi superlative dengan
menambahkan huruf "-est".

Keterangan :
1. Kata sifat yang berakhiran huruf -e diubah menjadi superlative dengan
menambahkan -st.

Contoh :
- brave : berani ---> bravest : paling berani
- large : luas

---> largest : paling luas

- wide : lebar

---> widest : paling lebar

- safe : aman

---> safest : paling aman

- fine : bagus

---> finest : paling bagus

2. Kata sifat yang terdiri dari satu suku kata dan berakhiran dengan huruf mati
dapat diubah menjadi superlative dengan menambahkan -est
- hard : keras ---> hardest : paling keras
- high : tinggi

---> highest : paling tinggi

- low : rendah ---> lowest: paling rendah

- slow : pelan ---> slowest : paling pelan
- young ; muda ---> youngest : lpaling muda
3. Kata sifat yang berakhiran huruf mati setelah satu huruf hidup yang berbunyi
dapat diubah menjadi superlative dengan menggandakan huruf mati tersebut
dan kemudian menambahkan -est.
- big : besar

---> : biggest: paling besar

- fat : gemuk

---> fattest : paling gemuk

- hot : panas

---> hottest : paling panas

- thin : kurus

---> thinnest : paling kurus

4. Kata sifat yang berakhiran huruf -y setelah huruf mati dapat diubah menjadi
superlative dengan menggantikan huruf -y dengan huruf -i kemudian
ditambahkan -est.
- crazy : gila

---> craziest : paling gila

- easy : mudah ---> easiest : paling mudah

- happy : gembira ---> happiest : paling gembira
- lazy : mlas

---> laziest : paling malas

- tidy : rapi

---> tidiest : paling rapi

5.Kata sifat yang berakhiran huruf -r, -er, -le, -ow dapat diubah menjadi
superlative dengan menambahkan -est.

- clever : pandai ---> cleverest : paling pandai

- near : dekat

---> nearest : paling dekat

- poor : miskin

---> poorest : paling miskin

- narrow : sempit ---> narrowest : paling sempit

- shallow : dangkal ---> shallowest : lpaling dangkal
6. Kata sifat yang terdiri dari tiga suku kata atau lebih dapat diubah menjadi
superlative dengan menambahkan most.
- beautiful : cantik ---> most beautiful : paling cantik
- delicious : enak ---> most delicious : paling enak
- difficult : sulit

---> most difficult : paling sulit

- important : penting ---> most important : paling penting

- useful : berguna ---> most useful : paling berguna
7. Beberapa kata sifat diubah menjadi superlative dengan pola yang tidak
- good : bagus

---> beest : paling bagus

- bad : buruk

---> worst : paling buruk

- little : sedikit

---> least : paling sedikit

- much : banyak

---> most : paling banyak

- far : jauh

---> farthest/furthest : paling jauh