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# DESIGN CALCULATION

FOR

## PROPOSED GLAZING SYSTEM PROFILE CW 11

13072 WITH STEEL TUBE INSERTS

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## DESIGN CALCULATIONS FOR THE ALUMINIUM PROFILES

I.

General
1. Design Philosophy
The purpose of this calculation is to design Aluminium Glazing Structure for its
integrity, strength and stability verification. The result of this conclusion is that the
structure considered adequate in meeting the required of design criteria.
2. Unit of Measurement
Unit of measurement in design shall be in Metric system.

II.

Design Calculations
1. Design Code and reference:
BS 8118 Part 1:1991: Structural use of Aluminium. Code of practice for design
Wind loads as per BS 6399 Part 2 1991
2. Materials
Aluminium Alloy profile Sec No. 13072 of Alloy 6063 T6
The modulus of elasticity of Aluminium E = 70000 MPa
Ultimate Bending stress Po - = 160 MPa = 160 N/mm2
Ultimate Tensile Stress Pa = 185 MPa = 185 N/mm2
Ultimate Shear Stress Pv = 0.6X Po = 0.6X160 = 96 MPa = 96 N/mm2
Wind loads (WL) calculated as per BS6399 Part 2
Basic wind speed assumed as 45 m/s.
Basic wind speed V = 45.0 m/sec
Ultimate load factors are considered.
5. Design Method
The wind load calculations are done prior to check the aluminium profiles against the
Wind loads (WL) calculated as per BS 6399 Part2
Ve = Vs X Sb

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Vs = Vb X Sa X Sd X Ss X Sp
The structure is located at a height of 10m.
Dynamic Pressure,
qs = 0.613 X Ve2
Ve = Vs X Sb
Vs = Vb X Sa X Sd X Ss X Sp
Basic wind speed assumed as 45 m/s.
Gust peak factor = 2.23, - as per clause 3.2.3.3.3 and by interpolation for a height of
10m,
Basic Wind speed Vb = 45 / 2.23 = 20.18 m/s
Basic wind speed Vb = 20.18 m/sec
Basic wind speed Vb = 25 m/sec
Where,
Topography factor, Sa = 1.0
Directional factor, Sd = 1.0
Seasonal factor, Ss = 1.0
Probability factor, Sp = 1.0
Vs = 25 X 1.0 X 1.0 X 1.0 X 1.0 = 25 m/s
Sb = Terrain & Building factor = 1.69 (Assuming that the site is in town, extending >
2 Km upwind from the site and closet distance to sea upwind is 10 KM with an
effective height as 10m) from Table 4.
Ve = 25 X 1.69
Ve = 42.25 m/sec
Wind pressure qs = 0.613 X Ve2
Wind pressure q = 0.613 x (42.25)2

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## Wind pressure q = 1094 N/m2 or 1.094 KN/m2

The maximum pressure co-efficients are from Table 5, page 25 of BS 6399 Part2,
Cp = +0.6, and -0.1 both windward (front) and leeward (rear) faces,
Net wind Pressure = Cp X q
Net wind Pressure = Cp X q
Net wind Pressure q = 0.60 X 1.094 = 0.657 KN/m2
DESIGN CALCULATIONS FOR THE ALUMINIUM PROFILE SECTION 13072
Design of Aluminium Profile Section (13072) with Steel Tube 80X40X5mm thick
inserts:
The Aluminium profile used i.e. 13072 are of maximum length of 6.90 m connected
between the Concrete surfaces.
Hence, only the Aluminium profile is to be checked for the moment of resistance,
shear resistance and deflection.
Spacing between the Mullions = 1.313 m c/c
Maximum wind load on Mullion = 1.4 X 1.313 X 0.657
Maximum wind load on Mullion = 1.208 KN/m
Maximum Bending Moment due to wind load for a span of 6.90 m
B.M (max) = w l2 /8
B.M (max) = 1.208 X (6.90)2 /8
B.M (max) = 7.189KNm
The section used is 13072 from Gulf Extrusions (attached sheet)
The Moment of resistance of the Mullion section must be larger than above value.
Calculation of Moment of Resistance (MR)
MR = Z X P o

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Z = Sectional Modulus
The section used is 13072 from Gulf Extrusions and the sectional modulus
Zxx = 71.959 cm3, as per attached sheet
Z = 71959 mm3
MR = 71959 X 160
MR = 11.51KNm which is greater than the 7.189KNm
The Moment of Resistance is greater than the Maximum Bending moment.
Check for shear resistance
d/t < 49 for section to be compact
d/t = 180 / 3 = 60
49 = 49 X 1.508 = 73.8
Hence the section used is compact.
Maximum Shear force Vmax = wl/2
Maximum Shear force Vmax = 1.208 X 6.90 / 2
Maximum Shear force Vmax = 4.168 KN
Shear resistance = Av X Pv / Ym
Shear resistance = (2X3X90) X 96 / 1.2
stress

## - Surface area is considered under shear

Shear resistance = 43.20 KN and it is greater than the maximum shear force.
Hence the above section is safe to use as Mullions
Check for Deflection:
= 5 WL4 / (384 EI)
Note: for long term deflection un-factored load is considered.
< L / 200
E = 70000 MPa
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## W = 0.80 X 1.313 X 0.657 = 0.6904KN/m

Since the Profile is supported at a distance of 6.90m,
Span = 6900mm
I xx = 8051624 mm4 as per the attached data for Profile 13072 section.
= 5 X (0.6904) X (6900)4 /(384 X 70000 X 8051624)
= 36.16 mm
L/200 = 6900 / 200
L/200 = 34.50 mm
< 34.50mm
Hence the deflection is not less than the permissible values.
Calculation of Moment of Inertia and Sectional Modulus of the Steel Tube
Section
Tube Steel structure with of size 80X40X5mm thick is placed inside the profile as
shown in the drawing and the moment of inertia and sectional modulus from the
centroid of the Aluminium profile section.
I = bd3/12 + AXd2
I = [{(40 X (80)3/12)} - {(30X (70)3/12)}] + [{(40X80)-(30X70)} X (55-40)2]
I = (1706666.67 857500) + (1100) X 225 = 1,096,666.67 mm4
Z=I/y
Z = 1096666.67 / 55
Z = 19,939.39 mm3
Additional Moment of Resistance,
M = Z X Fy
M = 19939.39 X 275
M = 5.483KNm
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## Total Moment of Resistance = 11.51 + 5.483= 16.993KNm

Total Moment of Resistance is more than the Maximum Bending Moment.

## Check for Deflection:

= 5 WL4 / (384 EI)
Note: for long term deflection un-factored load is considered.
< L / 200
E = 70000 MPa
W = 0.80 X 1.313 X 0.657 = 0.6904KN/m
Since the Profile is supported at a distance of 6.90m,
Span = 6900mm
I xx = 8051624 mm4 as per the attached data for Profile 13072 section.
I = 1,096,666.67 mm4 for the Steel Section which shall be converted into
Aluminiums youngs modulus criteria
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## I = 3 X 1,096,666.67 = 3,290,000 mm4 as per the above calculations

Combined Moment of Inertia I = 9,148,290
= 5 X (0.6904) X (6900)4 /(384 X 70000 X 9148290)
= 31.81 mm
L/200 = 6900 / 200
L/200 = 34.5 mm
< 34.5mm
Hence the deflection is less than the permissible values.
DESIGN CALCULATIONS FOR THE TRANSOM ALUMINIUM PROFILE SECTION
13940
Design of Aluminium Sections (Transom panels):
The Aluminium profile used for Transom panels are same i.e. 13940 aluminium
profile used but only the difference is the transom panels are of maximum length of
1.313 m connected between the effective width of Mullions with a maximum distance
of 1.50m.
Hence, only the Transom is to be checked for the moment of resistance, shear
resistance and deflection.
Maximum clear span of Transom is considered for checking the Aluminium profile,
hence clear span is considered 1.313 m.
Maximum wind load on Transom = 2.10 X 0.657 = 1.3797 KN/m
Factored Wind load on Transom = 1.2 X 1.3797 = 1.656 KN/m
Maximum Bending Moment due to wind load for a span of 1.313 m
B.M (max) = w l2 /8
B.M (max) = 1.656 X (1.313)2 /8
B.M (max) = 0.357KNm
The section used is 13940 from Gulf Extrusions (attached sheet)

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The Moment of resistance of the Mullion section must be larger than above value.
Calculation of Moment of Resistance (MR)
MR = Z X P o
Z = Sectional Modulus
The section used is 13940 from Emirates Extrusions and the sectional modulus
Zxx = 23.537cm3, as per attached sheet
Z = 23537 mm3
MR = 23537 X 160
MR = 3.76KNm which is greater than the 0.357KNm
The Moment of Resistance is greater than the Maximum Bending moment.
Check for shear resistance
d/t < 49 for section to be compact
d/t = 106 / 3 = 35.33
49 = 49 X 1.508 = 73.8
Hence the section used is compact.
Maximum Shear force Vmax = wl/2
Maximum Shear force Vmax = 1.656 X 1.313 / 2
Maximum Shear force Vmax = 1.087 KN
Shear resistance = Av X Pv / Ym
Shear resistance = (2X3X55) X 96 / 1.2
stress

## - Surface area is considered under shear

Shear resistance = 26.40 KN and it is greater than the maximum shear force.
Hence the above section is safe to use as Mullions
Check for Deflection:

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## = 5 WL4 / (384 EI)

Note: for long term deflection un-factored load is considered.
< L / 200
E = 70000 MPa
W = 0.80 X 2.1 X 0.657 = 1.104 KN/m
I xx = 1466373.19 mm4 as per the attached data for Profile 13940 section.
= 5 X (1.104) X (1313)4 /(384 X 70000 X 1466373.19)
= 0.416 mm
L/200 = 1313 / 200
L/200 = 6.565 mm
< 6.565 mm
Hence the deflection is less than the permissible values.
DESIGN CALCULATIONS FOR THE ANCHOR BOLT CONNECTED BETWEEN THE
ANGLE AND THE CONCRETE SURFACE M12 ANCHOR BOLT
Design of Anchor bolt 12mm dia see attached the anchor bolt values:
Maximum Shear force Vmax = wl/2
Maximum Shear force Vmax = 1.208 X 6.90 / 2
Maximum Shear force Vmax = 4.17 KN
The above shear force will be resisted by the tensile force of the anchor bolt
Tensile capacity of the Bolt = 0.6 X 0.785 X 144 X 375/1000 = 25.43 KN
Shear capacity of the Bolt = 0.4 X 0.785 X 144 X 375/1000 = 16.95 KN
Tension and Shear capacities of the Anchor bolt is more than the factored Shear force
acting.
Hence, M-12 Anchor bolts are safe enough to resist the Shear force.
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## DESIGN CALCULATIONS FOR THE ANGLE BRACKET CONNECTED BETWEEN

THE ALUMINIUM PROFILE SECTION AND THE CONCRETE SURFACE
BRACKET ANGLE SIZE 100X100X8 MM ON BOTH SIDES OF PROFILE
Design of Angle depends on the Anchor bolt used and bolts used for the mullion
and also the thickness depends on the shear force:
The Angle size considered is 100X50X8mm, hence we need to verify the lengths of
the legs from the edge distances and the thickness to be checked from the shear force.
Minimum Edge distance = 25 mm
Spacing between the bolts = 25 mm
The angle size used is complying with minimum edge spacing criteria on the both the
legs.
Check for thickness of angle (TP)
TP = SQRT (4M/ Fy x B)
M = Moment due to the Bolt tension or Shear force from the edge distance
Fy = Bending stresses of Aluminium = 160 N/ mm2
B = Breadth Assumed as 75mm wide
M = 2.084 X 0.050
MR = 0.1042KNm
MR = 88500Nmm
TP = SQRT (4 X 104200 / 160 X 100)
TP = SQRT (26.05)
TP = 5.10 mm
Hence, the thickness of angle provided (8mm) more than the required TP = 5.10mm
Conclusion:
All Aluminium profiles and steel tuber inserts are structurally sufficient and meet its
intended purpose.
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