Design Calculations for Aluminium Profile-13794

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Design Calculations for Aluminium Profile-13794

© All Rights Reserved

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You are on page 1of 14

FOR

National Aluminium

Page 1 of 14

I.

General

1. Design Philosophy

The purpose of this calculation is to design Aluminium Glazing Structure for its

integrity, strength and stability verification. The result of this conclusion is that the

structure considered adequate in meeting the required of design criteria.

2. Unit of Measurement

Unit of measurement in design shall be in Metric system.

II.

Design Calculations

1. Design Code and reference:

BS 8118 Part 1:1991: Structural use of Aluminium. Code of practice for design

Wind loads as per CP3 chapter V - 1972

2. Materials

Aluminium Alloy profile Sec No. 13794 of Alloy 6063 T6 for both Mullion &

Transom panels

The modulus of elasticity of Aluminium E = 70000 MPa

Ultimate Bending stress Po - = 160 MPa = 160 N/mm2

Ultimate Tensile Stress Pa = 185 MPa = 185 N/mm2

Ultimate Shear Stress Pv = 0.6X Po = 0.6X160 = 96 MPa = 96 N/mm2

3. Loading

Dead Load Self weight is considered

Wind loads (WL) calculated as per CP3: ch.V

Basic wind speed assumed as 45 m/s.

Basic wind speed V = 45.0 m/sec

4. Load Combinations

Ultimate load factors are considered.

5. Design Method

The wind load calculations are done prior to check the aluminium profiles against the

wind loads.

Wind load calculations:

Wind loads (WL) calculated as per CP3: ch.V

Basic wind speed V = 45.0 m/sec

Design wind speed Vs = V x S1 x S2 x S3

Page 2 of 14

Where,

Topography factor, S1 = 1.0

For the calculation of S2, ground roughness, building size and height above ground,

factor S2 = 0.52, as per CP3: Chapter V: Part 2, Clause 4 (Surface with large and

frequent obstructions; i.e. City Centre), class B for 3m average height as per the

attached sheets for the wind loads see appendix A.

Statistical factor, S3 = 1.0

Design wind speed Vs = 45.0 x 1.0 x 0.52 x 1.0

Design wind speed Vs = 23.40 m/sec

Wind pressure q = k Vs2

K constant = 0.613

Wind pressure q = 0.613 x (23.40)2

Wind pressure q = 336 N/m2 or 0.336 KN/m2

The maximum and minimum pressure co-efficients are,

Cp = +0.7, and -0.8, Since 0.7 is less than 0.8 and considering the large co-efficients

to calculate the maximum wind pressure acting on the surface either upwards or

downwards to resist the ultimate wind load by the structure.

Maximum Wind Pressure (suction) = Cp X q

Maximum Wind Pressure (suction) = -0.80 X 0.336

Maximum Wind Pressure (suction) = 0.269 KN/m2

SECTION 13794

Design of Aluminium Sections (Mullions panels):

The Aluminium profile used for Mullion and Transom panels are same i.e. 13794

aluminium profile used but only the difference is the transom panels are of maximum

length of 1.250 m connected between the Mullions, where as the Mullion is

considered to be supported at slabs 2.60m.

Page 3 of 14

Hence, only the Mullion is to be checked for the moment of resistance, shear

resistance and deflection.

Spacing between the Mullions = 1.250 m c/c

Maximum wind load on Mullion = 1.250 X 0.269

Maximum wind load on Mullion = 0.336 KN/m

Maximum Bending Moment due to wind load for a span of 2.60 m

B.M (max) = w l2 /8

B.M (max) = 0.336 X (2.60)2 /8

B.M (max) = 0.284KNm

The section used is 13794 from Gulf Extrusions (attached sheet)

The Moment of resistance of the Mullion section must be larger than above value.

Calculation of Moment of Resistance (MR)

MR = Z X P o

Z = Sectional Modulus

The section used is 13794 from Gulf Extrusions and the sectional modulus

Zxx = 15.145 cm3,

Z = 15145 mm3

MR = 15145 X 160

MR = 2.42KNm which is greater than the 0.284KNm

The Moment of Resistance is greater than the Maximum Bending moment.

Check for shear resistance

d/t < 49 for section to be compact

d/t = 99 / 3 = 33

49 = 49 X 1.508 = 73.8

Hence the section used is compact.

Revision 0 dated 27/11/2016

Page 4 of 14

Maximum Shear force Vmax = 0.336 X 2.60 / 2

Maximum Shear force Vmax = 0.437 KN

Shear resistance = Av X Pv / Ym

Shear resistance = (2X3X55) X 96 / 1.2

stress

Shear resistance = 26.4 KN and it is greater than the maximum shear force.

Hence the above section is safe to use as Mullions

Check for Deflection:

= 5 WL4 / (384 EI)

Note: for long term deflection un-factored load is considered.

< L / 175

E = 70000 MPa

W = 0.8 X 1.250 X 0.269 = 0.269 KN/m

Since the Mullion is supported at a distance of 2.60m,

Span = 2600mm

I xx = 730300 mm4 as per the attached data for Profile 13794 section.

= 5 X (0.269) X (2600)4 /(384 X 70000 X 730300)

= 3.13 mm

L/175 = 2600 / 175

L/175 = 14.85 mm

< 14.85mm

Hence the deflection is less than the permissible values.

Page 5 of 14

Bracket and Connection to Mullion at Bottom

The bracket at bottom of the Mullion has to resist shear force or reaction coming from

the Mullion design calculations.

Bracket consists of two Angles 120X100X10mm thick and 150mm wide is

connected with the concrete support with 2 Nos M10 Anchor Bolt and with 2 Nos

M10 thorough bolt the profile section.

Maximum Reaction at the end = 0.437 KN

The maximum reaction has to be resisted by the bracket which shall be in turn

supported by the thorough and Anchor Bolts.

The Bracket will resist the shear force acting at the connection which shall be

checked for bending stresses.

The Sectional Modulus is calculated as mentioned below:

Zxx = Ixx / y

Ixx = Moment of Inertia

Ixx = bd3/12

Ixx = 5X1203 / 12

Ixx =720000 mm4

Zxx = 720000 / 60 = 12000 mm3

Sectional Modulus for two Angles = 12000 X 2 = 24000 mm3

Flexural stresses for Steel = 275 N/mm2

Flexural Strength of the member = Sectional Modulus X Flexural stresses

Moment acting on the each bracket = Load X distance

Moment = 437 X 90/2 = 19665Nmm

The above moment has to be resisted by the resisting moment as mentioned below

MR = Zxx X Fy

Revision 0 dated 27/11/2016

Page 6 of 14

MR = 24000 X 275

MR = 6600000Nmm

Hence, the moment of resistance is more than the required.

Design of Thorough Bolt 2 Nos - M10:

The thorough bolts are designed to resist the maximum shear force acting at the

bottom joint with the maximum loading condition as per the drawing; this force has to

be resisted by the shear capacity of the bolt.

Maximum Shear force at the Mullion end = 0.437 KN

Using 2 10mm dia bolt,

Shear capacity of each bolt = 0.40 X 0.785 X 100 X 375/1000 = 11.78 KN

Hence, 2- 10mm dia thorough bolt used are safe against Shear.

Check the anchor bolt design:

Maximum Shear force at the Mullion end = 0.377 KN

Using 2 M10mm dia bolt,

Shear capacity of each bolt = 0.40 X 0.785 X 100 X 375/1000 = 11.78 KN

Hence, 2- 10mm dia anchor bolts used are safe against Shear.

The bracket at top of the Mullion has to resist shear force or reaction coming from the

Mullion design calculations.

Mullion is connected with a bracket consists of two Angles 120X100X10mm thick

and 150mm wide is connected with 2 Nos M10 thorough bolt the profile section. This

angle brackets are connected with a Horizontal Plate of 240mm length, 150mm wide

of 10mm thick welded to a Vertical SHS Tube 100X100X4mm thick supported to the

soffit of the concrete slab by a base plate of 200X100X10mm thick with 2 Nos M10

Anchor Bolt and welded with the SHS Tube section.

The maximum reaction has to be resisted by the above connection is 0.437 KN.

Page 7 of 14

i.

ii.

iii.

iv.

v.

vi.

vii.

viii.

ix.

Mullion

Thorough Bolts between Bracket Angles and Mullion Profile 2 Nos M10

Bolts

Horizontal Plate of 240mm length, 150mm wide and 10mm thick

Thorough Bolts between Horizontal Plate and Bracket Angles 2 Nos M10

Check for Weld between Horizontal Plate and SHS Tube 100X100X4mm

thick

Strength and Stability check for SHS Tube 100X100X4mm thick

Check for Weld between Base Plate and SHS Tube 100X100X4mm thick

Check for Base Plate

Check for Anchor Bolt 2 Nos M10

50

10

0

0

10

50

10

0

24

0

75

The Bracket will resist the shear force acting at the connection which shall be

checked for bending stresses.

The Sectional Modulus is calculated as mentioned below:

Zxx = Ixx / y

Ixx = Moment of Inertia

Page 8 of 14

Ixx = bd3/12

Ixx = 5X1203 / 12

Ixx =720000 mm4

Zxx = 720000 / 60 = 12000 mm3

Sectional Modulus for two Angles = 12000 X 2 = 24000 mm3

Flexural stresses for Steel = 275 N/mm2

Flexural Strength of the member = Sectional Modulus X Flexural stresses

Moment acting on the each bracket = Load X distance

Moment = 437 X 90/2 = 32775Nmm

The above moment has to be resisted by the resisting moment as mentioned below

MR = Zxx X Fy

MR = 24000 X 275

MR = 6600000Nmm

Hence, the moment of resistance is more than the required.

Thorough Bolts between Bracket Angles and Mullion Profile 2 Nos M10 Bolts

Design of Thorough Bolt 2 Nos - M10:

The thorough bolts are designed to resist the maximum shear force acting at the joint

with the maximum loading condition as per the drawing; this force has to be resisted

by the shear capacity of the bolt.

Maximum Shear force at the Mullion end = 0.437 KN

Using 2 10mm dia bolt,

Shear capacity of each bolt = 0.40 X 0.785 X 100 X 375/1000 = 11.78 KN

Hence, 2- 10mm dia thorough bolt used are safe against Shear.

Check for Horizontal Plate of 240mm length, 150mm wide and 10mm thick

Page 9 of 14

The Horizontal Plate will resist the bending stress developed by Shear force acting at

the joint.

The Sectional Modulus is calculated as mentioned below:

Zxx = Ixx / y

Ixx = Moment of Inertia

Ixx = bd3/12

Ixx = 150X103 / 12

Ixx =12500 mm4

Zxx = 12500 / 5 = 2500 mm3

Sectional Modulus = 2500 mm3

Flexural stresses for Steel = 275 N/mm2

Flexural Strength of the member = Sectional Modulus X Flexural stresses

Moment acting on the each bracket = Load X distance

Moment = 437 X 90 = 9425Nmm

The above moment has to be resisted by the resisting moment as mentioned below

MR = Zxx X Fy

MR = 2500 X 275

MR = 687500Nmm

Hence, the moment of resistance is more than the required.

Thorough Bolts between Horizontal Plate and Bracket Angles 2 Nos M10

Design of Thorough Bolt 2 Nos - M10:

The thorough bolts are designed to resist the maximum shear force acting at the joint

with the maximum loading condition as per the drawing; this force has to be resisted

by the shear capacity of the bolt.

Maximum Shear force at the Mullion end = 0.437 KN

Page 10 of 14

Shear capacity of each bolt = 0.40 X 0.785 X 100 X 375/1000 = 11.78 KN

Hence, 2- 10mm dia thorough bolt used are safe against Shear.

Check for Weld between Horizontal Plate and SHS Tube 100X100X4mm thick

Check for weld:

Allowable Shear Stress in Weld = 220 N/mm2

Assuming 4mm thick weld,

Strength of Weld per mm length of Weld = 0.707 X 4 X 220 = 622 N

Strength of Weld per mm length of Weld = 622 N

Total Strength of the Welded Length = Length X Strength of Weld per mm

Referring to shop drawing,

The length of weld available as per the shop drawings

L = 2X100 = 200 mm

Hence, the Total Strength of the Welded Length = 622 X 200 = 124.40 KN

The Maximum Shear force acting on the same position is less than the Strength of

Weld at that position which is safe.

Resisting Moment developed by the Weld = Weld Capacity X lever arm

Weld Capacity = 622 X 100 = 62200N

Lever Arm Distance = 75mm

Resisting Moment developed by the Weld = 62200 X 75 = 4.665KNm

Moment caused by the Shear force acting at a distance of 75mm on the Horizontal

Plate = 437 X 75 = 32775Nmm

Hence, the 4mm thick weld around the SHS Tube is safe against both Shear and

Moment.

Strength and Stability check for SHS Tube 100X100X4mm thick

Page 11 of 14

The SHS Tube will resist the bending stress developed by Shear force acting at the

joint.

The Sectional Modulus is calculated as mentioned below:

Zxx = Ixx / y

Ixx = Moment of Inertia

Ixx = bd3/12

Ixx = (100X1003 96 X 963) / 12

Ixx =1255445.33 mm4

Zxx = 1255445.33 / 50 = 25108.9067 mm3

Sectional Modulus = 25108 mm3

Flexural stresses for Steel = 275 N/mm2

Flexural Strength of the member = Sectional Modulus X Flexural stresses

Moment acting on the each bracket = Load X distance

Moment = 437 X 300 = 131100Nmm

The above moment has to be resisted by the resisting moment as mentioned below

MR = Zxx X Fy

MR = 25108 X 275

MR = 6.904KNm

Hence, the moment of resistance is more than the required.

Check for Base Plate 100X200X10mm thick

The Base plate will resist the bending stress developed by Shear force acting at the

joint.

The Sectional Modulus is calculated as mentioned below:

Zxx = Ixx / y

Page 12 of 14

Ixx = bd3/12

Ixx = 100X103 / 12

Ixx =8333.33 mm4

Zxx = 8333.33 / 5 = 166.67 mm3

Sectional Modulus = 1666.67 mm3

Flexural stresses for Steel = 275 N/mm2

Flexural Strength of the member = Sectional Modulus X Flexural stresses

Moment acting on the each bracket = Load X distance

Moment = 437 X 125 = 54625Nmm

The above moment has to be resisted by the resisting moment as mentioned below

MR = Zxx X Fy

MR = 1666.67 X 275

MR = 458,333.33Nmm

Hence, the moment of resistance is more than the required.

Check for Weld between Base Plate and SHS Tube 100X100X4mm thick

Check for weld:

Allowable Shear Stress in Weld = 220 N/mm2

Assuming 4mm thick weld,

Strength of Weld per mm length of Weld = 0.707 X 4 X 220 = 622 N

Strength of Weld per mm length of Weld = 622 N

Total Strength of the Welded Length = Length X Strength of Weld per mm

Referring to shop drawing,

The length of weld available as per the shop drawings

Revision 0 dated 27/11/2016

Page 13 of 14

L = 2X100 = 200 mm

Hence, the Total Strength of the Welded Length = 622 X 200 = 124.40 KN

The Maximum Shear force acting on the same position is less than the Strength of

Weld at that position which is safe.

Check the anchor bolt design 2 M10:

Maximum Shear force at the Mullion end = 0.377 KN

Using 1 M10mm dia bolt,

Shear capacity of each bolt = 0.40 X 0.62 X 100 X 375/1000 = 9.30 KN

Hence, 1- 10mm dia bolt used are safe against Shear.

Conclusion:

All Aluminium profiles are structurally sufficient and meet its intended purpose.

Page 14 of 14

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