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11/27/2016

Dual Clutch Transmission | Seminar Report, PPT, PDF for Mechanical

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Published on Jan 10, 2016

Abstract
The report introduces and describes the technology of Dual Clutch Transmission, which is a
relatively new technology. It has the advantage of both automatic and manual gears.
It helps the driver to control the clutch without a clutch pedal, hence giving him a smoother driving.
The technology has been used by various car manufactures and is gaining a large market.

Introduction
A dual-clutch transmission offers the function of two manual gearboxes in one. When a driver wants to
change from one gear to another in a standard stick-shift car, he first presses down the clutch pedal.
This operates a single clutch, which disconnects the engine from the gearbox and interrupts power
flow to the transmission. Then the driver uses the stick shift to select a new gear, a process that
involves moving a toothed collar from one gear wheel to another gear wheel of a different size.
Devices called synchronizers match the gears before they are engaged to prevent grinding. Once the
new gear is engaged, the driver releases the clutch pedal, which re-connects the engine to the
gearbox and transmits power to the wheels.
So, in a conventional manual transmission, there is not a continuous flow of power from the engine to
the wheels. Instead, power delivery changes from on to off to on during gearshift, causing a
phenomenon known as "shift shock" or "torque interrupt." For an unskilled driver, this can result in
passengers being thrown forward and back again as gears are changed.
A dual-clutch gearbox, by contrast, uses two clutches, but has no clutch pedal. Sophisticated
electronics and hydraulics control the clutches, just as they do in a standard automatic transmission.
In a DCT, however, the clutches operate independently. One clutch controls the odd gears (first, third,
fifth and reverse), while the other controls the even gears.

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Dual Clutch Transmission | Seminar Report, PPT, PDF for Mechanical

Manual Transmission
Manual transmissions often feature a driver-operated clutch and a movable gear stick. Most
automobile manual transmissions allow the driver to select any forward gear ratio ("gear") at any time,
but some, such as those commonly mounted on motorcycles and some types of racing cars, only allow
the driver to select the next-higher or next-lower gear. This type of transmission is sometimes called a
sequential manual transmission. Sequential transmissions are commonly used in auto racing for their
ability to make quick shifts.
Manual transmissions are characterized by gear ratios that are selectable by locking selected gear
pairs to the output shaft inside the transmission. Conversely, most automatic transmissions feature
epicyclic (planetary) gearing controlled by brake bands and/or clutch packs to select gear ratio.
Automatic transmissions that allow the driver to manually select the current gear are called
Manumatics. A manual-style transmission operated by computer is often called an automated
transmission rather than an automatic.
Contemporary automobile manual transmissions typically use four to six forward gears and one
reverse gear, although automobile manual transmissions have been built with as few as two and as
many as eight gears.

Dual Clutch Transmissions


The man who invented the dual-clutch gearbox was a pioneer in automotive engineering.
AdolpheKgresse is best known for developing the half-track.It wasa type of vehicle equipped with
endless rubber treads allowing it to drive off-road over various forms of terrain. In 1939, Kgresse
conceived the idea for a dual-clutch gearbox, which he hoped to use on the legendary Citron
"Traction" vehicle. Unfortunately, adverse business circumstances prevented further development.
Both Audi and Porsche picked up on the dual-clutch concept, although its use was limited at first to
racecars. The 956 and 962C racecars included the Porsche Dual Klutch, or PDK. In 1986, a Porsche
962 won the Monza 1000 Kilometer World Sports Prototype Championship race the first win for a car

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Dual Clutch Transmission | Seminar Report, PPT, PDF for Mechanical

equipped with the PDK semi-automatic paddle-shifted transmission. Audi also made history in 1985
when a Sport quattro S1 rally car equipped with dual-clutch transmission won the Pikes Peak hill climb,
a race up the 4,300-meter-high mountain.
Commercialization of the dual-clutch transmission, however, has not been feasible until recently.
Volkswagen has been a pioneer in dual-clutch transmissions, licensing BorgWarner's DualTronic
technology. European automobiles equipped with DCTs include the Volkswagen Beetle, Golf, Touran,
and Jetta as well as the Audi TT and A3; the Skoda Octavia; and the Seat Altea, Toledo and Leon.

Conclusion
Dual clutch transmission system is said to incorporate the best of the other two worlds (manual and
automatic transmission), without altering engine performance in any way. It can be described as the
best solution to improve acceleration: 1-100 km/hr figures- while eliminating more or less the jolts
produced by manual gear shifting, atleast for beginners.
With so many advantages of Dual Clutch transmission over the manual, as discussed before, DCT
seems to be the next manual. It is also the best transmission for the high end performance cars and
racing cars where cost is an issue.

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