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Carboxylic acid

80 Marks

Q.1

When crystalline oxalic acid is heated to 110


with ... a monocarboxylic acid containing one
carbon atom is obtained (A) 1,2-Propane diol
(B) Ethylene glycol
(C) 1,2,3-Propane triol (D) Glyoxal

Q.2

Ka will have the highest value for which of the


following acids. -

Q.7

Acetic acid vapours when passed over aluminium phosphate forms (A) CH3CHO
(B) Ketene
(C) C2H6
(D) C2H4

Q.8

The rate of esterfication of acetic acid with


methyl alcohol (I), ethyl alcohol (II) , isopropyl alcohol (III) and tert. butyl alcohol (IV)
follows in the order -

(A) Fluoroacetic acid


(B) Trichloroacetic acid
(C) Trimethyl acetic acid
(D) Lactic acid

(A) I > II > III > IV


(C) II > I > IV > III
Q.9

Q.3

The monomer of -

(B) IV > III > II > I


(D) III > IV > I > III

Arrange the following compounds in decreasing order of acidity CH3CHClCH2COOH


ClCH2CH2CH2COOH

I
is a -

II
CH3CH2CHClCOOH

III
(A) Good reducing agent
(B) Dehydrating agent
(C) Dibasic acid
(D) Less acidic than C2H5COOH

Q.4

(A) I > II > III


(C) I > III > II
Q.10

Q.11
The product of the above reaction is (A) -Dibromo acid
(B) , - Dibromo acid
(C) ,,-Tribromo acid
(D) No reaction takes place
Q.5

Q.6

HVZ reaction is specific for (A) Replacement of - hydrogen


(B) Replacement of - hydrogen
(C) Replacement of - carbons
(D) Replacement of - carbons
Bifunctional organic compound is (A) HCOOH
(B) CH3COOH
(D) HCHO
(C) (CH3)2CO

Arrange OHCH2COOH ( I ), HOCH2CH2COOH (II)


and CH3COOH ( III ) in order of acidity (A) I > II > III
(C) I > III > II

P
red

[ Product ]

(B) III > II > I


(D) II > III > I

The rate of esterfication of HCOOH (I),


CH3COOH (II), (CH3)2CHCOOH (III) and
(CH3)3CCOOH (IV) with ethanol follows in
the order (A) IV > III > II > I
(C) II > I > IV > III

Q.12

(B) III > II > I


(D) III > I > II

(B) I > II > III > IV


(D) III > IV > I > II

X and Y in the reaction sequence R C N

H3 O

Y, are given by

X diazomethane
the set -

(A) Carboxamide , Carbonitrile


(B) Carboxylic acid, Carbonitrile
(C) RCOOH, RCOOCH3
(D) RCONH2, RCOCH3

Q.13

In the electrolysis of the aqueous solution of


CH3CH2COONa, anion goes to anode the
possibility of f ormation of f ollowing
compounds takes place (A) CH3 CH2 CH2 CH3
(B) CH2 = CH2, CH3 CH3
(C) CH3CH2COOC2H5
(D) All the above

Q.19

A compound with molecular formula C4H10O4


on acylation with acetic anhydride gives a
compound with molecular formula C12H18O8.
How many hydroxyl groups are present in
the compound (A) One
(B) Two
(C) Three
(D) Four

Q.14

W hich of the f ollowing organic acid


decolourises bromine water as well as forms
anhydride (A) HOOC COOH
(B) HOOC CH2 COOH

Q.20

The carboxylic acid that does not undergo


HVZ reaction is (A) CH3COOH

(C)
(D)

Q.15

The general formula of dicarboxylic acid is (A) (COOH)2


(B) (CH2)n(COOH)2
(C) (CH2)n2 (COOH)2
(D) (CH2)n1 (COOH)2

Q.16

The product
sequence

A, B and C in the reaction

NaOH

Heat

C are 360 C

(A) HCHO, HCOONa, CH3OH


(B) HCHO, Na2CO3, NaHCO3
(C) HCHO, HCOONa, (COONa)2
(D) HCHO, HCOONa, Na2CO3
Q.17

Q.18

2 / HCl
CH2COOH NaNO

CH2COOH
|
|
Y
X
glycine
glycollic acid
Here X and Y respectively are (A) OH, NH2
(B) NH2, OH
(C) Cl, OH
(D) None

The reagent used to step up in the homologous series of acids is (B) Diazomethane
(A) (CH3)2SO 4
(C) CH3NH2
(D) CH3 C N

(B) (CH3)2CHCOOH
(C) CH3CH2CH2CH2COOH
(D) (CH3)3C COOH

ANSWER KEY
Qus.

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

Ans.

C B

D B

C D C B

C B

D D D A

C C A