Stresses in Soils

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Stresses in Soils

© All Rights Reserved

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SOIL MECHANICS

EFFECTIVE STRESSES IN SOILS

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1.

A clay layer 4 m thick rests beneath a deposit of submerged sand 8 m thick. The top of the

sand is located 3 m below the surface of a lake. The saturated unit weight of sand is 25

kN/m3 and of clay 20 kN/m3. Which of the following most nearly gives the total vertical

pressure at mid-height of the clay layer? (N98 H 20)

a.

270 kPa

c.

130 kPa

b.

400 kPa

d.

240 kPa

2.

A clay layer 25 ft thick is overlain with 50 ft thick of sand (Gs = 2.71). The water table is

20 ft below the sand (ground) surface. The saturated unit weight of clay is 141 pcf. The

sand below the water table has a unit weight of 128 pcf. The sand above the water table

has average moisture content of 20%. After drying, the sand was found to have a dry unit

weight of 92 pcf. Determine the effective stress at the mid-height of the clay layer. (N00

H 14)

a.

5,010 psf

c.

5,480 psf

b.

4,788 psf

d.

5,160 psf

3.

A ground profile consists of 2 m of silty sand underlain by 3 m of clay. The ground water

table is 3 m below the ground surface. The sand has a unit weight of 14 kN/m3. The clay

has a unit weight of 16 kN/m3 above the water table and 20 kN/m3 below the water table.

Determine the total stress at the bottom of the clay layer. (N01 H 15)

a.

65 kPa

c.

84 kPa

b.

72 kPa

d.

98 kPa

Situation:

The soil shown in the figure has a void ratio of 0.50 and Gs = 2.70. h1 = 1.5 m,

h2 = 3 m.

Water

h1

h2

Sand

A

SOIL MECHANICS

4.

Which of the following is closest to the effective unit weight of sand in kN/m3? (M02 H

16)

a.

15.24

c.

14.25

b.

10.14

d.

11.12

5.

Which of the following is closest to the effective stress at point A in kPa? (M02 H 17)

a.

33.35

c.

28.41

b.

18.64

d.

62.79

6.

Which of the following is closest to the critical hydraulic gradient of sand (for quick

condition)? (M02 H 18)

a.

0.85

c.

1.13

b.

1.87

d.

1.54

Situation:

A soil deposit is shown in the figure. The ground water table, initially at the

ground surface, was lowered to a depth of 25 ft below the ground. After such

lowering, the degree of saturation of the sand above water table was lowered to

20%.

Water table

7.

Ground surface

50 ft

Sand

d 116 pcf

25 ft

Clay

Which of the following gives the vertical effective pressure at the mid-height of the clay

layer before lowering of the water table, in psf? (M02 H 25)

a.

4,890

c.

4,350

b.

2,450

d.

6,750

SOIL MECHANICS

25

8.

Which of the following gives the vertical effective pressure at the mid-height of the clay

layer after lowering of the water table, in psf? (M02 H 26)

a.

3,250

c.

4,760

b.

6,120

d.

5,530

9.

Which of the following gives the vertical effective pressure when there is no water in the

sand layer, in psf? (M02 H 27)

a.

6,710

c.

5,180

b.

7,450

d.

4,660

Situation:

A 20 m thick submerged saturated clay layer has water content of 57%. The

specific gravity of the solid particles is 2.84.

10.

a.

1,703

c.

1,614

b.

1,852

d.

1,528

11.

Determine the total vertical stress at the bottom of the clay layer, in kPa. (N03 H 8)

a.

365

c.

287

b.

334

d.

396

12.

Determine the effective vertical stress at the bottom of the clay layer, in kPa. (N03 H 9)

a.

200

c.

114

b.

185

d.

138

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