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INTRODUCTION OF LITERATURE

NUR HIKMAH MUSTARI
1452041006
ENGLISH EDUCATION B

STATE UNIVERSITY OF MAKASSAR
FACULTY OF LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

Drama is literature written for performance--or at least written in a style that would allow for stage performance. Literature may be classified according to a variety of systems. not of mere fact. is clear enough. The name has traditionally been applied to those imaginative works of poetry and prose distinguished by the intentions of their authors and the perceived aesthetic excellence of their execution. Perspective. and subject matter.” But such definitions assume that the reader already knows what literature is. Literature is a term used to describe written and sometimes spoken material. after that it is the body of writing belonging to a given language or people. then it is individual pieces of writing. And indeed its central meaning. . national origin.INTRODUCTION TO LITERATURE Literature. historical period.” literature is first and foremost humankind’s entire body of writing. including language. The 11th edition of MerriamWebster’s Collegiate Dictionary considers literature to be “writings having excellence of form or expression and expressing ideas of permanent or universal interest. As a text form. Definitions of the word literature tend to be circular. drama can be thought of as story told though spoken remarks and stage directions. Deriving from the Latin littera. but of fact in its infinitely varied forms.” The 19th-century critic Walter Pater referred to “the matter of imaginative or artistic literature” as a “transcript. a body of written works. genre. at least. “a letter of the alphabet.

BALADS Of the narrative poems. It has a simple structure and tells of a single incident.describes important events in life real or imaginary. but now this applies to any type of poetry that expresses emotions and fillings of the poet. C. 1. and rhythm.refers to that king of poetry meant to be song to the accompaniment of a lyre. B. this is the shortest and simplest. LYRIC POETRY . sound. NARRATIVE POETRY . Types of Lyric Poetry: . METRICAL TALE A Narrative. 2. and drama. Two types of poetry: 1. Types of Narrative Poetry: A. Poetry Poetry is writing that formulates a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience in language chosen and arranged to create a specific emotional response through meaning. EPIC An extended narrative about heroic exploits often under supernatural control. among others are poetry. which is written in verse and can be classified either as a ballad or as a metrical romance. prose.GENRES OF LITERATURE There are three main genres of literature. It may deal with heroes and gods.

AWIT (SONG) Measures of a 12 (do decasyllabic) and slowly sung to the accompaniment of a guitar or Banduria.A. joy. Prose . B. The common theme is love. expressed with dignity. hope and sorrow. PSALM (DALIT) It is a sound praising god or the Virgin Mary and containing a philosophy of life. E. 2. D. with no definite syllables or definite number of lines in a stanza. CORRIDO Have measure of eight (octosyllabic) and recited to a martial beat. G. ODE A poem of noble feeling. FOLKSONGS (AWIT NG BAYAN) These are short poems intended to be sung. despair. doubt. C. F. SONNETS A lyric poem of 14 lines dealing with an emotion. grief. which express feelings of grief and melancholy and whose theme is death. ELEGY This is a lyric poem. a feeling of an idea.

Fictional Prose: A literary work that is wholly or partly imagined or theoretical. 3. Heroic Prose: A literary work that may be written down or recited and employs many of the formulaic expressions found in oral tradition. B. Examples are biographies and essays. Types of Drama: A. Examples are legends and tales. and usually has a happy ending. MELODRAMA .Prose is consists of those written within the common flow of conversation in sentence and paragraphs. 2. COMEDY It is comes from the Greek “komos” meaning festivity or revelry. Drama Drama is the theatrical dialogue performed on stage. 4. it consists of 5 acts. This is usually light and written with the purpose of amusing. Prose is a form of language which applies ordinary grammatical structure and natural flow of speech rather than rhythmic structure (as in traditional poetry) Type of prose: 1. Examples are novels. Prose Poetry: A literary work which exhibits poetic quality using emotional effects and heightenedimagery but are written in prose instead of verse. Nonfictional Prose: A literary work that is mainly based on fact although it may contain fictional elements in certain cases. 3.

and the characters seem to be caricatures and the motives undignified and absurd. FARCE Exaggerated comedy. situations are too ridiculous to be true.It is usually used in musical plays with opera. C. . It arouses immediate and intense emotions and is usually sad but there is a happy ending for the principal character. he meets death or ruin without success and satisfaction obtained by the protagonist in a comedy. D. TRAGEDY Involves the hero struggling mightily against dynamic forces.

merriam-webster.blogspot.org/wiki/Philippine_literature#Prose http://renzpaz.co.com/dictionary/literature http://www.blogspot.html http://ghalegomez-philippineliterature.wikipedia.com/art/literature https://en.id/2008/12/general-types-of-literature.britannica.SOURCE : http://www.id/ .co.