You are on page 1of 4

Frankenstein by Mary Shelley.

Enfoque psicolgico Psychologica approach.

The psychological approach is not the only approach that may be found suitable for the
theme of Frankenstein, nevertheless due to the fact that this approach implies the revealing
of the motivation of behavior and the needs that drive each individual. Such approach is
perfect for Mary Shelleys Frankenstein primarily because of the depth of the conflict of
the book: the creation of a new human being and then the deep emotional and physical
rejection that this human-being gets from its creator and from the rest of the society.
Victor Frankenstein in his leaning to satisfy his ambitions and get recognition creates a
human-being which he becomes afraid of.
This human being is alone in this world, he needs love, support and acceptance as any
other man. His strong need for affection and belonging are the main motivators of all of his
actions and after he faces sickening attitude his only goal becomes to revenge for all the
pain he has suffered. Frankenstein was not originally evil, it is the ignorance of Victor that
has converted him in a monster. Frankenstein is the victim, a child, who was not loved by
his mothera child that was rejected and thrown away. Frankenstein could not even been
accepted physically because physical appearance is so important for the society. The
psychological sufferings of Frankenstein make the heart of the reader cry for he could think
and actually was a man who was brought to the world and made an outcast.

Locacin - location
According to European Graduate School, Mary Shelley wrote "Frankenstein" in
Switzerland while vacationing near Lake Geneva. It began as a short story, but her soon-tobe husband, Percy Bysshe Shelley, encouraged her to expand it into a novel, writer Mary
Shelley and poet Percy Bysshe Shelley vacationed in Switzerland during the summer of
1816 along with a group of friends, including English poet Lord Byron. One evening,
Byron suggested that everyone try writing ghost stories to entertain and frighten one

another. Shelley took Byron up on his challenge, and the result was a scary short story that
ultimately became the iconic novel "Frankenstein."
In August the Shelley`s moved to Bishopsgate, where, on 24 January 1816, Mary gave
birth to a son, named William after Grandfather Godwin. On 3 May the Shelleys, including
the boy William, and Mary's stepsister, Jane Clairmont (who had come to be known as
Claire) left for Geneva to meet George Gordon, Lord Byron. There, with the promise of a
lengtheir stay on the Continent, and in the company of the most celebrated literary figure in
Europe, Mary began to write her masterpiece, Frankenstein.
The story of the composition of Frankenstein is often told, though it is hardly ever told
the same way twice. Though critics have called some of its details into question, the best
account of the novel's genesis is Mary's own, in her preface to the 1831 edition. Sometime
in mid June, the literary discussion of the Shelley-Byron party turned toward German ghost
stories. Byron suggested each member of the group (Shelley, Byron, Claire Clairmont,
Mary, and Dr. John William Polidori) write a ghost story in the same vein. In the next few
weeks Mary produced a short story which, when expanded, became Frankenstein
The Geneva idyll ended 29 August 1816, when the Shelleys returned to England. Then
came a series of shocks: Mary's half sister, Fanny Imlay (daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft
and Gilbert Imlay), committed suicide on 9 October; a month later Shelley's wife, Harriet,
drowned herself. Harriet's death left Shelley free to marry; on 20 December he and Mary
were wed at St. Mildred's Church on Bread Street, London.

By May of 1817 Mary had finished writing Frankenstein. Knowing that the public had a
romantic interest in their elopement and that it would take some time to see her novel
through the press, Mary prepared an account of her romantic summer of 1814, padded with
Shelley's Mont Blanc, written at that time, and a few of the poet's letters. History of a Six
Weeks' Tour appeared in November of 1817, almost two months after the birth of Clara
Everina Shelley on 2 September.

Punto de vista Point of view.

Mary Shelley created the character of Victor Frankenstein through her experiences with
modern science. A woman familiar with contemporary science who might have read
popular science texts or even attended lectures, she used her knowledge to create a
character who, while pushing the boundaries of possibility, could potentially be a real
person. Victor's task of bringing life to a human corpse using electricity was not completely
The point at which Mary Shelley begins to portray Victor in a stereotypical manner. She
plays off the notion that scientists were not only loners, but also mad and unstable in the
mind. She delves into Victor's obsessive and compulsive nature to complete his work at any
Shelley intends for the reader to begin to form negative opinions regarding Victor and
his experiments as well as his own mental capacity.This shift in opinion allows Shelley to
further manipulate the character of Victor Frankenstein as he transitions from a healthy and
happy family man to an obsessed and sickly man who separates himself from his family.
She also portrayed him as an arrogant, unstable man dabbling with something that was
dangerous and unknown. She showed his moodiness, his uncertainty and his
selfishness. But, she presented him as educated man doing cutting edge medical work that
could change the world as well. Granted, many of his methods were unorthodox; as were
many practices of that time, but his work could potentially be earth shattering.
Victor Frankenstein was, in some ways, reflective of the consistently growing and
changing field of medicine in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. He was interested in
pursuing the boundaries between life and death. He felt that his work could pave the way
for even greater practices of medicine and solve many of the world's problems.
But, in the end, he was not successful. Despite the fact that he created life from death,
his methods and intentions were not pure and just. His work ends up not being done for a
greater good. Instead his personal wants and needs flood his experimentation.

One could argue that Victor was destined for failure because of his unorthodox methods
of practice, but most would agree that Victor had not fully researched and examined all the
aspects of his work. He did not take careful consideration as to the repercussions of
success, should he achieve it. Perhaps the story of Frankenstein can serve as a lesson, even
today, regarding just how science and medicine can affect an individual and their work.

Micromisin Simn Rodrguez Liceo Andrs Bello

Caracas, October 28th, 2016.

Reinaldo Muoz

Lic. ngel Gedler.