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POWER GENERATION USING

ASSOCIATED GAS
GGFR STEERING COMMITTEE WORKSHOP
NOVEMBER 30 DECEMBER 1, 2011
TOMAS RNN
DIRECTOR, OIL AND GAS BUSINESS
WRTSIL POWER PLANTS

Content

Company profile
Technology comparison

Wrtsil

December 1, 2011 Power Generation using Associated Gas

Company profile

>30% of Ship sailing the oceans is powered by


Wrtsil

17,500 professionals

Solutions for

Marine/
offshore

Energy

Ship Power
26% (34)

Listed in Helsinki
4.5 billion turnover
Solid financial standing

Power Plants
34% (31)

Do things better
than anyone else
in our industry

Services
40% (35)

Our power plants produce 1% of the worlds


electricity
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Wrtsil

December 1, 2011 Power Generation using Associated Gas

Capture
opportunities and
make things
happen

Our
values
Foster openness,
respect and trust
to create
excitement

2010 liquid fuel and gas fuel power plant orders


Other CEs

TOTAL MARKET: 56.6 GW

1.9
1.8
GW
1.5 GW
GW

Other GTs

3.3
GW

3.2
GW
4.2
GW

23.8GW
17.0
GW

NB. Includes all gas and liquid-fuelled power plants with prime movers > 5 MW
NB. Includes estimated output of steam turbines of combined cycles (factor 0.5 for industrial turbines, 0.4 for aeros)

Wrtsil

December 1, 2011 Power Generation using Associated Gas

Solutions for the onshore Oil & Gas Industry

FIELD POWER
Power Generation

Wrtsil

PUMPING
Oil Pipeline
Water Pumping
Re-injection

December 1, 2011 Power Generation using Associated Gas

COMPRESSION
Underground Gas
Storage
Injection
Gas Pipeline

References Power Generation


PetroAmazonas Power plant
4xW18V32LN, CRO fuel, start 2003
3xW18V34SG, AG fuel, start 2005
Total output 40MW

Power plant Extension


2xW18V32, CRO fuel, start 2007
2xW18V32, CRO fuel, start 2009
Total output 30MW

The first 4xW18V32LN has 2011 been converted to GD and is


now running on associated gas with crude as backup, by
that reducing flare
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Wrtsil

December 1, 2011 Power Generation using Associated Gas

CRO & Gas Power Plant Eden Yuturi, Ecuador


The first 4xW18V32LN has
2011 been converted to
GD and is now running on
associated gas with crude
as backup.

Flare considerable
reduced

Wrtsil

December 1, 2011 Power Generation using Associated Gas

References Crude Oil Pumping


Baku -Tbilisi - Ceyhan (BTC) Crude oil pipeline, 1700 km
BTC pipeline
1,000,000 bpd crude oil
pipeline across from Baku to
Ceyhan

Station setup, Turkey


Main stations: 4+1 (5 x 18V34SG), parallel
Booster stations: 3+1 (4 x 12 & 18V34SG ), series
Totally 33 pump units, 18 units in Turkey
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Wrtsil

December 1, 2011 Power Generation using Associated Gas

References Gas compression


Szreg-1 Safety Storage, MOL Hungary

5 x W9L34SG a 4050 kW
2 x 5500 kW electrical driven
Reciprocating compressors for gas storage in depleted gas/oil field
Delivery September 2008
In operation August 2009

Wrtsil

December 1, 2011 Power Generation using Associated Gas

Wrtsil Gas Engines


Gas plant ranges and fuels
W34SG
W34DF
W32GD

NG, AG
NG, LFO, HFO, LBF
NG, AG, LFO, HFO, CRO

NG, AG

W50SG

NG, LFO, HFO

W50DF

NG, AG, LFO, HFO, CRO

W46GD

1
5
Plant size MW

10

50

100

300

500

NG = Natural Gas
AG = Associated Gas
LFO = Liquid Fuel Oil
HFO = Heavy Fuel Oil
CRO = Crude Oil
LBF = Liquid Bio Fuel
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Wrtsil

December 1, 2011 Power Generation using Associated Gas

Wrtsil GD Fuel Sharing Mode

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Wrtsil

December 1, 2011 Power Generation using Associated Gas

Wrtsil GD Technologly

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No de-rating for low methane number


Large fuel flexibility
Tolerant to fuel quality
High thermal efficiency
Fast load response
Good loading capacity
Short start-up time
Automatic transfer to back-up fuel
Easy to maintain

Wrtsil

December 1, 2011 Power Generation using Associated Gas

PERFORMANCE COMPARISON

Varying gas composition


Fuel composition from Secoya power plant

Molecular fraction (%)

60
50
40
30
20
10
0
2003

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Wrtsil

2004

2005

December 1, 2011 Power Generation using Associated Gas

2006

2007

2008

Site specific conditions


Gas turbines and combustion engines both derate with high ambient
temperature and altitude.
1,05

Derating factor

1
20V34SG
(radiator cooling)

0,95

0,9
Aeroderivate Gas turbine

0,85
Industrial Gas turbine

0,8
15

20

25

30

35

40

45

Ambient temperature [C]


Source: GE Ger-3567 Ger-3695; Wrtsil perf

1,1
1,05

Combustion engines offer stable output


and high performance in hot and dry
conditions

Derating factor

1
20V34SG
(radiator cooling)

0,95
0,9
0,85
0,8

Industrial Gas turbine

0,75
0,7
Aeroderivate Gas turbine

0,65
0

500

Source: Termof low calculation program; Wrtsil perf

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Wrtsil

December 1, 2011 Power Generation using Associated Gas

1000

1500

Altitude [m]

2000

2500

3000

Degradation
GT degradation is caused by mechanical and thermal stresses on individual gas turbine
components over time.
0

10000

20000

30000

40000

50000

60000

70000

80000

90000

Operating hours

Degradation %

0
CE Output
-1
-2

CE Efficiency
HD GT Efficiency
HD GT Output

-3

Aero GT Efficiency
Aero GT Output

-4
-5

-6

Source: GE GER-3965/GER-4208; Wrtsil

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Wrtsil

December 1, 2011 Power Generation using Associated Gas

Operational flexibility vs. electrical efficiency

50%

Electrical
efficiency
Otto
cycle

Diesel
cycle

AeroGTs

40%

Industrial
GTs

Fuel adaptability
Starting time
Ramp rate
Part load operation

Boiler

Flexibility
30%
Low

Medium

Steam Power Plants

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Wrtsil

Simple Cycle GT

December 1, 2011 Power Generation using Associated Gas

Simple Cycle Combustion Engines

High

Conclusion

Diesel cycle technology is the most


efficient and flexible solution and
consequently
the most environmentally friendly

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Wrtsil

December 1, 2011 Power Generation using Associated Gas