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BRIEF HISTORIES OF DIVISIONS, U.

S* AFRMY

1917-1918

Prepared in the -Historical Branch,


War Plans Division,
General Staff*
Junew 1921*

*^ 0000000000--

Note:- Authorities for statemonts of fact are on file ia the Historical Branch,
Comment, with a view to correction of any error discovered, is invited.
Prepa;red in the Histoi3cal B3ranch, War Plans Divisi'n, (:eeral Stuff,
where authorities for statements are on fileo C mmonts are invited*
THE FIRST DIVISION
(Regular iArmy. Insignia; A crimson figure 1 on a khaki shield.)

The F i r s t Divi s i on w a s organized i n June} 1917, from troops


Regular Airmy which at that time were much scattered, most of the
ofthem being
on Mexican borde r s ervic e . All w e r e a t - p e a c e s t r e ngth and were raised to
war strength by transfers from other units. The units of the division
were not c o n c e n t r a t e d until arrival in France, The organization
was as
follows,,
1st Infantry Brigade:
1 6t h a nd
18 t h Infantry; 2d ivachine Gun Battalion.
2d Infantry Brigade;
26th and 28th Infantry; 3d Machine Guo Battalions
1st Field Artillery Brigade;
6th and 7th (light) .5th,(heavy) Field Artillery;
1st Trench Mortar Battery.
1st lachine Gun Battalion.
1st Engineers f
2d Field Signal Battalion.
Trains,
The i r s t t r o o p s s a i l e d f r o m H o b ok e n June 13, 1917, and disembarked
f
at St. Nazaire, June 26, 1917. Division Headquarters landed June
27, 1917.
The remainder of the troops followed in rapid succession except
the Supply
Train which did not a r r i v e i n F r a n c e un t i l May 6 , 1 9 1 8 # The Division (less
artillery) was sent to the G o n d r e c o u rt area for training, For a similar
purpose the artillery brigade went to Valdahon. En route from
St. Nazaire
to Gondrecourt, the 2d Battalion, 16th Infantry, participated
in the July
r4th parnade
Francew i n p a r i s , t h e f i r s t public appearance of American troops in
-
Th e D i v i s i on e n t e
red
the line October 21, 1917, in the Luneville
sector, near Nancy, each unit bein- attached to a corresponding
French
unit. At 6 05 A. WV*,O c t o b e r 2 3, 1 9 1 7, Battery C, of the 6th Field Artillery,
in position 400 m. east of Bathlemont, fired the first American shot of
the war, In this secto r t h e Fi r s t D i v i s i o n took the first
to be captured in the war by the Americans, and suffered theGerman prisoner
first losses,
three men of the 16th Infantry being killed, November 3, 1917,
On the night of November .0, 1917, the Division was withdrawn from
the line to the Gondrecourt Area to continue its training, It again
entered the line in the Ansauville sector, near Toul, on the
night of
January 15 - 16, 1918, This sector became a more or less active one.
On March 28, 1 9 1 8 , while the Division w a s still occupying this sector,
General Pershing placed it at the disposal of the Allled High Command,
In accordance with orders received from the Allied Command, the
Division was withdrawn to Toul on April 3, 1918, and was immediately sent
by rail to Picardy, where on April 25, 1918, it took over the active
Cantigny sector, near montdidier,
Cantigny marked a salient in one of the most advanced parts of the
German lines. It was desirable to straighten'this line, especially
view of an Allied offensive movement, which was'contemplated. in
This of-
fensive had to be given up owing to the development of a new German thrust
toward theBIarnes The plans for the capture of Cantigny, however, were
carried out, partly for the local advantage, but chiefly for the moral
effectr both on friend and enemy, of showing American troops in an inde-
pendent offensive operations
The operation was well planned and well executed. The attack was made
on the morning of May 28, 1918. All objectives were taken and held against
strong counter attacks, constantly repeated for the next two,days,
The Division remained in the Cantigny sector until July 7, 1918,
when it was withdrawn to Dammartin-en-Goele, The lines along the Mlarne
aalient'had meanwhile become stabilized4 On July 15, 1918 the Germans
launched another short-lived offensive in Champagne, and on the 18th, the
illies took the offensive, never to lose it again.
.The first operation of the lilies was to straighten out the Marne
salient, driving one attack eastward near Soissons, whilo another one
caMe northward from the line of'the Tiarne. The First Division with the
Second American Division, and the First Moroccan Diiision, made the attack
from the west, For four days the Division advanced againot determined
resistance, finally crossing the Sbissons-^Chateau-Thierry road and bring-
ing Soissons itself under the American guns. The First Division was
relieved by the 15th (Scottish) Division, on the night of July 23-24, 1918,
This completed this phase of operations, The First Division had lost
8,365 men, including 60% of its Infantry officers. It had advanced U1
'kilometers and captured 3,500 prisoners, 68 guns and quantities of other
material' *
The Division after its relief from the Soissons offensive, was again
moved eastward. On August 7, 1918, it took over the quiet Saizerais sector,
near Touts Here iti remained until Auguet 24th,} when it wras withdrawn to,
Vaucouleurs, in preparation for a new offensive,
The First American Army was at last fully organized, and was about to
undertake its first independent operation, the forcing of the St. Mihiel
salients The plan called for a double attack, one from the west and one
from the south, the-line between being lightly held by French troops.
The southern attack consisted of a right wheel by a ling line, with its
right on the Moselle River. The First Division formed the left or
marching flank, of this line, thus being required to make the greatest
advances The attack -began at 5:00 A. jva, September 12, 1918. The next
morning the First Division established connection with the 26th Division
at Vigneulles, which had come in from the western face, and the .St,
Mihiel salient had ceased to exist, The First.Division was-relieved by
the 42d'Divisiont and withdravwn to the Nonsard Wood as- reserve of the
4th Corps. During-the advance the Division captured 1(195 prisone6s,
30 field guns and howitzers, 50 machine guns and quantities of ammunition
and stores, Its casualties amounted to 585
This operation was not pushed furtherd On September 20th# the First
Division was shifted west for the IMeuse-Argonne Qffensive* The Division
moved on September 27, 1918, to Nixeville, thence tb Neuvilly, and-on the
night of Septmber 30th relieved the 35th.Division near Very,
The next eleven days the Division fought continuously in an advance
east of the Wire Valley against, the most stubborn resistance of the best
German troops, Fcvilleot Exermont, anid the rugged wooded country beyond
were taken, and on the night of October 11, 1918,.the line ran east and
west one-half a kilometer north of Somrnerance. The First Division was
relieved by the 42d Division on the night of October 11 - 12, 1918,
The Division had lost 9-194 men, but it had advanced 7 kilometers at a
critical point of the line and captured 11400 prisoners, 13 field guns
and many other stores, After relief from this offensive, the Division
was moved.to the vicinity of Bar-le-Duc for a brief rest*
On October 31 1918, the Division was in reserve of the 5th Corps.,
On the night of November -6; 1918, .it entered the line north of the
StonnevBeaumont road, and by noon November. 6 1918, had reached the
Meuset at IMouon' It now turned to the left, and paralleling the river,
advanced, until, on the afternoon of the 7tht it wEas occupying the
heights of Sedan, with the city at its mercy. The French, for reasons
of sentiment} wished to be the first to enter, so the Division was withdrawn
to La Peva'ne, and on the 1lih, the irmistice'found it near Buzancyo, From
.here it marched to Eix, a few miles from Verdun. Its losses since October
i1 1918, had been 10, 116, more than those- of any other Division in the
Meuse--Argonne operation*
During operations the division took 6,661 prisoners. Its casualties
totalled 266,332,
The Division was now assigned to the Third Army, the Army-of Occupa-
tion, and started for Germany on November 17, 1918 It crossed the
Moselle, River at Wormeldingen and entered the enemy's country on December
, 1918. The Rhine was crossed on Decemiber 13, 1918, and the Division
etaablished itself in the Coblenz Bridgehead Here it remained until
August 16, 1919, when the movement home was begun,
Division Headquarters emba-rked at Brest on August 25, 19190 and
arrived at New York, September 5 19190
The First Division had six different coimmanding generals as follows;
. Maj, Gen. William L. S3ibert,. June 8 - Dec. 14, 1917; left division
to become Chief of Chemical Warfare Service Maj CG-en, Robert L* Bullard,
Dec 14, 1917 ( June 30, 1918; Brig. Ge-n/ Charles P, Summierall, July 1 -
6, 1918; Maj, Gen' Hobert L Bullard, July 7 - 17, 1918; left division to
take comiand of 3d Army' Corps; -later Lieut# Gen' conmmanding 2d Army;

--l) '
MajGeno Charles PA, Summerall, July 18 w October 11, 191-; left di0ision
to take conimand of 5th Army Corps. Brig*Gen. Frank En BamforA, Oct*l2-19
1918; trancmferred to communand 26th Division; Brig.Gen* Frank Parker,
Oct*20"Nov,20, 1918 and MajGen^Edward F#McGlachlin, Nov*20, 1918^Sop-
tember 9, 1919* .

COMBAT SERVICE, FIRST DIVISION*


(1) Somnrerrviller Sector, France, 21 Oct - 20 Novr 1917*
16th Infantry
18th "
26th *(
r
28th
2d klaohine Gun Battalion
3d *, t ? "f 4
5th Field Artillery
6th " "
t
7th t
1st Engineers
2d Field Signal Battalion
(2)Ansauville Seactar, France, 15 jan* L 3 April, 1918*
.Same as '(l) and
1st Machine Gun Battalion
(3) Cantigny Sector, France 25,April " 8 June# 1918
Same as (2)
(4) Montdldier-Noyon defensive, France 9 June ^ 13 June, 1918,
Same as (2)
(5)Cantigny Sector, France, 14 June - 7 July, 1918*
Same as (2)
(6) Aissne-Marne offensive, Francet 18 July - 23 July, 1918*
Same as (2)
(7) Saizerais Sector, Frn .7 Aug * 24 Auge, 1918.
Same as (2)
(8) St.Mihiel offensive, Francet 12 Sept* * 13 Septs 1918.
Same as (2)
(o) Meuse-Argonne offensive,. France, - 26 Sept* L- 11 Nov., 1918.,
Same as (l) and (2)

Revised to June 3. .1921o


RPL- egmcw

*
r r par d iad the Hito roab-:
Bran^ j- War P.1lanS Divisions GoNoralk Stfaf-i
whero authorities for statomonte aro on file# Comments aro invitodo
THE, SZCOND DIVISIO)N&.

(Regular Army aad 4larineso Insignia: An Indian head on a star


backwground,)

4*_ O I -W

The Second Division was organized in Octobers 1917 from troops


of the Regular Army and Liarine Corps. T'ie organiza-ion wASas follows:

3d Infantry Brigade:
9th and 23d Infantry; 5th Machine Gun Battalions
4th Infantry Brigade:
-5th and 6th Mvarines; 6th Machine Gun Battalion*
2d Field Artillery Brigade:
12th and 15th (light), 17th (heavy) Field Artillery;
2d Trench Mortar Battery,
4th Machine Gun Battalion*
2d Engineers*
1st Field Signal Battalion.
Trains

The first unit of the division arrived in France June 27, 1917;
the last element March 15, 1918*
For training purposes the infantry elements were sent to the
department of Haute Marne and division headquarters were established
at Bourmont* Upon arrival of the artillery in December and January,
it was sent to Valdahon for instruction* During.the latter month all
elements of the division were assembled in the vicinity of Bourmont
for final training*
On March 16th the division went into a quiet portion of the line
between Verdun and Sti Mihiel - the Toulon - Troyon sectors* Here the
troops were mingled with the French, and took- part in numerous minor
operations; and on the night of April 13th-14t;h the 9th Infantry repulsed
an unusually strong raid with complete success. The division remained
in this sector until May 13th when it moved to the vicinity of Chaumont-
en-Veoxin (Oise) for further training preparatory to relieving the 1st
Division near MSontdidier
But. on May 27ththe Germans begin their offensive between the
Aisne and the Marne and the division was placed at the disposal of the
French. From June 1st to 3d it relieved exhausted French troops near
Nontreuileaux-Lions oh a twelve kilometer front blocking the direct
highway to Paris# The ^erman advance, however, soon spent its force
and no serious effort was made to penetrate the -extended divisional
front,. But the moral effect upon both friends and enemies of this
intervention of Americans 'at this precise time {Pd place was very great.
On June 4th the division co nienced a series of sigorous attacks, Ini'
spite of desperate resistance the village of Bouresches was -taken,
Belleau Wood was ocCupied and on July 1st Vaux ad the Bois de la
Roche were captured. On July 9th after havLng spent 40 days in action
which cost losses of 9,000 men the division was relieved and nmoved to
a reserve position along the line iontreuil-St* Aulde*
fn July 18th the AllieS began the operation known as the Aisn6eo
Marne iffe-^asive its imioediate purpose being the reduction of the
Chtteau-Thierry salient. The 2d DivisioN wi-th the 1st American and 1st
Mofoccan Divisions made the main attack from the west, south of Soissonst
There was no artillery preparation and the attack was in the nature of
a surprise* The division advanced eight kiloieters in 26 hours, caps
turing the powerfully-organized positions of Deaurepaire Farin Vau-
castille and Vierzy and by the end of the second day it was facing
Tigny, having lost 5,000 wn, -but having captured 3,000 prisoners and
75 guns The. /division, except the artillery, was relieved by a French
division he night of July 19th-20th, ancl assembled near Pierrefonds.
ton
The artillery remained in support of the French tantil July 25th.

J*
-w-2-of

The division was in training in th.jtmoyVillers area un'il Jlv.L


28th wvhen it maved to the vicinity of Nancihd on August 6th it relieved
a French unit in the liialarbache Sector, where it reained unltil relieved
by the 82d Divrision on Alugust loth,
It then novedt tote C(oo.r.beywles-Belles area, where active
prepar ation f or the impendiingr t; inihiel cffensive was taken up In
this operation it; forusd tho, loft flank of the American 1st Corps on
thle southl face of - cal-sntl
1;; ncrth of Limey. Advancing through
Reil.nalliJ ie ^w.cu i.i
Japtured d 'lc rt ald c Jaulny on September 12th.
Dur-'lng t-e airt;
nexa three it e;tendlldi and consolidated its, gains; on
the nighT! of th e l'th16.th it was ralleved by the 78th Division and with-
drew to the;e TouA1 area*
The American Tiieuse--Argonnoe operation started on September '26ths
As a part of the saar strategic combination, the French 4th Army
attac:.ed in tha Clhaerpagne, its-ri.ght connecting with the ltft of the
American Ist Aray* For this opera-cion t hne 2d. Di.vision wa.s .placed- at
the disposal of the Firench and moved to i-.h~lrns-sur-aitrlne and thence to
Suippes. On the nigh' of October _' ertred. tl- line
.st-2dnorthw;Est
of Sommrne-Py, and atltacked -che morning 6f tlhe 3. Iuri-ng the nxt.; four
D.x
days against intense resistarce, it acdva-ncldst eaaily, aild -toock ledeah
Farm and Blanc Iont ridge and the,round rStW. u) to thg EtisnneuprteUil
fapEturinag i.lss
Road suf fen' of3 5,00
' imen and 2.f300 p0risoeilrsn On
the night o October 6th-'-7tl 'le 36th AmeriLcanl div.sion airri.vedS to re-
lieve it* Thle relief was com.,leted October I.01,h except for the artillery
and engineers who reinained in action "i,;'h ,he 36th Divisiono The di-ision
moved eastward to jo in the Ar a an I _.t Arr"-,r
Passing thrnugh St. 1v1Mne',oul.d, les aletter, -aind the Argonne Forest,
the division corcentrated in anc arolurd E:s rmo.1t u/here it was in, reserve
of the 5th Arimy Corps. Its artillery .nd sGgineec. rejoined t]he night
of October 31st and on tle sam3 rnih- it rnlieved,+.he 4-2d Divisior. in
line south ofS.3t. Georges. On 1st a.gneraL at-acl; \.-, inade,
Iso'rrmoer
proeclded by an intense artillery tcrnoardrnent ard .C LccnL1
pa9.iea b-y a yorwerful
1

barrage . The division cver-ran thec t wns of S'-, "eo ^nc- ana lawl(d3-et-
St. Geo4ai' withl little difficulty, disposed of st-ubborn resistance in
Bois dcs Hazois without loss of tirn, -evi
and cal:turdc Laaci lle ,. Chcnnery
andc Bayonville, Opposition stiffuned at the so3'.-;.1n Cdga' ci' T'.e bCeis de
la Folie, However, of audacio s .arrd sSilfu .- y xe :;!--.
by a series h
nighc'
forward thlrough thde5se wOods Fo se,
.ia.aeuvers tlie dlvision rapidl'; pushel
Nouart, and the Bois de Belval, and by Nove.-be;r 64h :,ad reach-lda Letallno
*n the Mouse. From -the tui t`I t.he 10l was speni" n i evolitj-i' n , the
river and nreparing. for a crossing. On t6he night of the lOtn-ilth a
crossing was effected at Letanneo Another attempt made et the same time
to cross the MoVIuse at Mouzon was unsuccessfuil
During operations the division took 12,026 prisoners. Its.
casualties totalled 25,076
After the a.rmis'tice the division was assigned to'the Army of
Occupation, and began its march on Noviember 17th, It enterQd Germany
at Bollendorf on D&ce;aber l-t, crossed the Rhine at Remagenr on the 13th,
and established itself-in the CoblenLz bridgehead with hopoquarters at
Heddesdorf. Here it rernained until the i!ovement home was begun, division
headquarters sailing from Brest July 25th and arriving at New York August 3d
The divixion had five comonuanders as follows:
Brig*Gen*Chas, At Doyen (t'eoporary), Oct,26,917 - Nov.8,t
1917; MIajsGen*O)0ar Bundy (assigned, Nov.8,- 1917-July 14,1918; Major Gert
James G. Harbord, Jvly 14, .1918 - July 28, 118; Mc.j.,Gen, John A. Le Jeune
(assigned-), July 29, 1918 - August 10, 1911; Col. Harry A, Eatol (temporary),
AuglO,10 1919 - February 1,1920; Alaj,,Gen. James G. harbord (assiayi.), IFeblt
.1920 to date* (Juno 4, 1921)
The w3-3w

COMBAT SERVICE, 2D DIVISION*

(1) Toulon-^-Troyon sector, France:


9th Infantry, 15 Mart - 9 May, 1918,
17th Field Artillery ;24 Mar* - 13 May, 1918*
2d Engineers, L5 Mar. - 13 May, 1918*
4th Machine Gun Battalion, 15 Maro - 13 May, 1918*
* 1st Field Signal Battalion, 315 Mar* - 13 May, 1918*
(2) Troyon sector, France:
23d Infantry, ]L5 Mart low 13 May, 1918.
5th Machine Gun Battalion, 315 Mar* 13 MIay, 1918i
15th Field Artillery, 224 Mar o 13 May 1918*
(3) Toulon sector, France:
5th Regiment Marines, 3.5 Maro ^ 13 May, 1918*
6th " ti 1.5 Mar * 13 May, 1918*
6th Machine Gun Battalion, 1.5 Mars 13 May, 1918*
l12th- Fi,l;1 ffill1y 2.4 Mar - 13 May, 1918#
(4) Aisne defensive, France) 331 May 5 June, 1918*
9th Infantry
23d Infantry
5th Regiment Marines*
6th " .
4th Machine Gun Battalion#
5th l t ,
6th "It
2d Engineers
1st Field Signal Battalion
(5) Aisne defensive, Francet 4 June * 5 June, 1918
12th Field Artillery,
n
15th "
1 7th " "
(6) Chateau-Thierry sector France 6 June i 9 July, 1918o
Same as in (4 andl(5
(7) Aisne-Marne offensive. France, 1D8 July - 19 July, 1918*
Same as in (4)
(8) Aisne *Marne offensive, France 1 8 July - 25 July, 1918*
Same as in (5)
(9) Marbach sector France, 9 Aug, - 16 Aug., 1918#
Same as in (4).
(10)Marbache sector, France, 9 Augh - 22, 1918.
Sairz as in (5),
(11)StMihiel offensive, France, 1;2 Sept. ^ 16 Sept,, 1918.
Same as in (4) and (5)
'(12)Meuse-Argonne offensive (Champagne)
France; I Oct's 10 Octe 1918*
Same as in (4), less 2d Engineers#
(13)meuse*Argonne offensive (Champagne),
France:
12th Field Artillery, 1 Octe - 28 Octt , 1918*
H
15th- it L Octs " 28 Octe, 1918.
17th to L Oct* VW28 Octe, 1918*
2d Engineers, 3I Oct . - 26 Octe, 1918 *
(14)Meuse-Argonne offensive, France, 242 Oct. s 11 Nov^, 1918.
Same as in (12)
(15)Meuse-Argonne -offensive o France 2C9 Octo 11 Nov., 1918.
Same ,as in (13)

Revised to m4s^21
RPLoegmmw
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;- a- 'I '}Cl ;' t~ 5'1 ~
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9 .i 'jxi , IaL Dlr-ah , War Plaass DiiAsio n I- Cin u., -.l -;^
wner1o
rca -i t.1riC for statoDronts aro on files Conmonts are invite-i

THE THIRD DIVISTON,

(Regular Army, Insignia: Three white stripes superimposed diagonally


in blue square.)

The Third Division was organized in November, 1917, at Camp Greene,


NG, from troops of the Regular hrmy, and by transfers from other units,
The organization was as followts:
5th Infantry Brigade,
4th and 7th Infantry; 8th Machine Gun Battalion4
6th Infantry Brigade:
30th and 38th Infantry; 9th Machine Gun Battalion,
7th Machine Gun Battalion,
3d Field Artillery Brigade:
10th and 76th (light), and 18th (heavy) Field Artillery;
3d Trench Mortar Battery,
6th Engineers. A
5th Field Signal Battdlion.
Trains.
The first unit to go overseas was the 6th Engineers which was designat-
ed for early duty in France, I aarrived December 20, 1917. A detachment of
the regiment serving with the British occupied active sectors and took part
in the operation known as the Somme Defensive, Divisj.on Headquarters arrived
in France on April 4th, and the last unit May 12, 1918,
For training purposes the division (less artillery and engineers) was
sent to the Chateauvillain area, the artillery going to Coetquidan for the
same purposev The artillery rejoined the division July 6> 1913, and was
present w-ith it in the Marne Defensive and the Aisne-l-Marne Offensive
remaining with the division until Septemrber 7, 1918, when it was detached
for participation in the St. Mihiel Offensive with the 4th Corps The
artillery brigade rejoined the division September 15 l918, and from this
time until the armistice served as division artillery either with the 3d
or some other divisions
On May 27th the Germans began their offensive between the Aisne
and the Marne, and the 3d Division was placed at the disposal of the French,
The first unit to enter the line was the 7th Machine Gun Battalion, which,
on May 31st, and June lst, 1918, distinguished itself by its stubborn
defense against the crossing of the Marne at ChgteauwThierryr
In June the entire division went into line in the Chateau-Thierry
sector* Operating under the 38th Army Corps (French), it took an active
part in the Aisne Defensive June lst to June 5th, On June 15th the 7th
Infantry was detached and placed at the disposal of the 2d Division in
Belleau- Woods where it relieved the 5th and 6th Marines (4th Brigade), It
was withdrawn from the line on the night of June 23-24, and rejoined the
division, In the Champagne*-Mlarne Defensive> July 15th to 18th, holding
the south bank of the Miarne -iver for twelve'kilormieters east from Chateau-
Thierry,. the division earned for itself the highest commendation for
gallantry in an action which marked the turning point of the war* Its
entire front was subjected to an intense artillery bombardment, Then came the
infantry attacki its greatest strength being between Fosooy and Moulins*
The 6th Brigade (30th and 38th Inf;, defending the right flank} effectually
frustrated the enemy's contemplated advance to the Suth through the valley
of the Surmelin River, Holding the extreme right in the defensive line,
the 38th Infantry bears the proud distinction of being the only regimental
Organization particularly mentioned in General Pershing's report on the
operations in the A,E.F.
On July 18th'the Allies began the operation known as the Aisne--iarne
Offensive, its immediate purpose' being the reduction of the Chateau-
Thierry salients In this operation the division attacked across the Miarne
east of Chateau-Thierry and advanced northeast to the Ourcq# Jaulgonne
was entered on July 22d; le Charmel offered stubborn resistance, and was
only captured on July 25th after four days' bitter fighting. The Ourcq was
reached on the 26th and Roncdgres was taken on the 28th, The division was
relieved on July 30th by the 32d Division, and assembled south of Chateau-
Thierry* On August 2d the 6th Brigade was despatched to support of the 3d
'rench Army Corps operating toward the Vesle. It was relieved from this duty
on August 10th and rejoined the division which had gone inte rest area near
Gondrecourt..
On September 4, the division proceeded to the Vaucouleurs area
preparatory to taking part in the St, Mihial Offensive,* In this operation
it was in the reserve of the 4th Army CorpsA
The ^MeusePA4rgonre Offensive started on September 26* The division
pass d:'tro tlhe 5th Army Corps on Se-tenmber 29. and on September 30 ro*
lieved *1o 79Q-h DiviSiown in front lineJ O OnOctober 12 it passed into the
3d Army. Corp)ss E For tiwen.lyr*sepenr days the division was continuously in
fro;tf lirne c;ur.ing wlrq1-k-h period it advanced seven kilorroters agairnst
orga:i44od. ',otfi.,&@i er.covAt
or ing particularly s;rong resistance in the
takig 3.r
oi o:f do Cunel, ancd Hill 299# The divLision was relieved on
Octoijbor P7 by +,1ha 5t' Division, and proceeded to the Tannoi.s rest areaa
Durinc olerations the division took 2240 prisoners its eCasBuaties
totalled Y 6,n^a
Af-er the armistice the division was assigned to the Army of Occupao
tiong and begay :_ts march on November 17* It entered Germany via the
RomiAh and ScGhemgen bridges, on December.1, On Dsoooembor 15 it otax^ed
the mrch alo-g -the Rhine River roadl and established itsolf on December
17 in the Cobenzes bridgehead with headquaartefors at Andornachb Here it
remaltod antk.A tho amovetoent home was begun., Division Headquarters eailed
from Brest on August 14, and arrived at New York on August 23:, 1919*
The division had seven commanding officers as follows=
DMaj#Gen4 Joseph T, Dickmap (assigned) Nov#22, 1917 to Aug1l8, 19184
Brig#Geno James Ai Irons (temporary),' Feb#27f 1918 to March 9y 1918, Col1
Alexander Ovecshine (temporary). Mar;9, 1918 to MarvlOt 19180 Brig.Genl
James A* Irons (temporary) Mar*lO0 19X8 to Mar18, 1918} Col# Alexander
Ovenshine. Marl18, 1918 to April 12, 1918. Brig.Gen Fred IV Sladen
temporar ) Aug#l8, 1918 to Augaf25 1918 Maj* Gen. Beaumont B4 Buck
assign:ed) Aug*25?. 1918 to Octl7. 191.83 Brig* Genl Preston Brown (temv"
porary), Oct,17, 1918 to Nov*l8 1918s Me.# Genb Robert La Hovno (assignod)
Nov*18^ 1918, to Aug. 23^ 1919*
COIeBAT SERVICE, #D DIVISION,
(1) Perotne Sootor, Franceo 10 Feb# # 20 ljlarj,, 1918*
6th Engineers,,
(2r Sornme Defensiveo' France 21 Marv s 6 Apr*< 1918*
Sth Engineers*
(3] Amiens Sector, -France, 7 Apr# - 7 Junote 1918*
6th Engineers
(46 Aisne Defensivet France, 1 June v 5 Juno, 1918^
4th Inff, 7th Machine Gun Bnp
7th t 8th r t
30th ' 9th t 1
"
38th 5th Field Signal Bu*
(5) Chateaut"hierry Ssotor, Franceo 6 June w 14 Julot 1918
Same as in (4},
(6] Chateax^Thieorry Sector, France,
nlOth
Fild Artillery 9 July 14 July, .1918*
1Itb FioAd Artillery 13 July w 14 July, 1918*
Totth F.Y:id Art-illery 5 July 14 July,. 1918
otb ,:g.Zeet s 11 June 14 Julyt 1918 :
(7} Chaxiag3S^oMni;;e Defensivet Franco, 15 July ,18 Julyt 19180
Sfae a. ,,1> (4} and (6) and
w8t. Field Ar' il lery
(8) Aisne^Iaz f.ionrsriVo, France 18 July 1 30th July, 19180<
Samo ao in (3) and (4)
(9) Aisnev-arne OfFensive France 3.8 July - I Aug* 1918#
10th Field Artillery <

175th
7fth to y . .,~~~~~~~~~~~~

.-8- *a
(10)St.*Mihiel Offensive France
4+th Irnfantry 12 Sept - 16 Septu, 1918.
.7._h , 12 Sspt 16 Sept* 1918,
3Cth " Sop^ A 16 Septa , 1918,
3&t' ZJ 12 St* <r
.:.16 Sepal, 19. 8,
8t1h Machine Gun Battalion 12 35P 8*
it r t , ; it ( 12 ' 9 1t8 *
5t' PFieLld Signal Battalion 1918 *
12
liCpid i .d Sit Eilery 12
12 Sptc, - 16 SepC,
*76 h A
75th
t r" e .12,&up.ts > .'4 Septum 1918.
;t,,. X1.t )LI-3
h
6-rh E.Er ineers 13 Sepate "5D oSept< 1931.8,
7th ihiiahin;.e Gun Battalion 12 Septt ^ 11 2epth, 1918,s
(1.)Ipuoe-Arg.nmi offensivet t

Franic e i 26 Septv ^ 11 Noev, 1918*


Sarie as in (LO)

Revised to June 4, 1921*


RPL wegm^p-cw
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~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~c
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n H-~iat.)r-i- lB I'sr~~c?'
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:;- ~;:l*-S
^..* i^ tWa i/"3an^. j)ivdeiO^^ G-tboYCL. . S^.^~
82.':.ros a.uohorities s atio;m/^lae are ooor
n file Conmome
rtare itvi odu
THE FOURTH DIVISION - --

(Insignia: A green four-leaved ivy about a green circle.)

WWWWM_ Q ___ .04w


*_W

The Fourth Division was or-anized in December, 1917, at Car;p Grene,


N.C., fromi units of the Rebular ArLy. t
The organization was fe follows:
7th Infantry Brigade:
39th and 47th Inianiry4 11lth Machine Gun Battalion,
8th Infantry Brigade:
S8th and 59th Infantry; 12th Machine Gun Battalion,
4th Field Artillery Brigade:
16th and 77th (light), 13th (heavy) Field artillery;
4th Trench Mortar Battery*
10th Machine Gun Battalion,
4th Engineerst
8th Field Signal Battalion,
Trains *
The first unit to: go overseas arrived in France May 10, 1917; the last
element arrived June 8, 1918 The transport '"Moldavia" carrying Companies
'A" and "B", of the 58th Infantry, was torpedoed and sunk on May 23d;
S6 men of the two companies were lost,
The division (less artillery) was assigned to the 2d Amdrican riny
Corps, serving with the British, and was concentrated at Samer (Pas de
CaElais) for training. The artillery briga-de went to Camp de Souge near
Bordeaux for the sanme purpose, anc did not rejoin the division until the
first week in Augusts Ecrly in June the division was placed at the cris-
posal of the French and moved to Meaux (Seine et Marne where training
was cintinued nearer the fronts, During the German offensive of July 15th
it was in reserve divided between the 2d and 7th French Corps between
Soissons and Chateau Thierry. Here it suffered its first battle casualties,
The division participated in the Aisne--Mar}ne Offensive under the 2d,
rth and llth French Corps from July 18th to July 28th, when it became
the reserve of the 1st American Arrmy Corps then a part of the 6th French
Army. It was concentrated in the Bois du Chctelet, Cnd the Bois de
Beuvardelle supporting the 42d Division which was heavily engaged with the
enemy on the banks of the Ourn q1ifM rtwr Some of mts units were engaged under
the orders of that division and participated in the capture of Sergy on
July 29th* The-division relipved the 421 Diriion on the night of August
2d-3d on a line through Lea Bons Ho.izmes Farm-Foret de Nesles--Bois de la
Porte d'Arcys The enemy was retiring;, and the division pressed the pursuit
as far as the Vesle River where it encountered serious resistance, On the
night of August llth--12th it was relieved by the 77th Division, and
c with-
drew to the Bois de Dole, and the Forst de Nesles, the artillery brigade
remaining in action until August 17th*
After a period of rest, replacerment of losses, and training the division
relieved French troops in the Toulon Sector southeast of Verdun as part of
the 5th Corps, 1st American Army, In the St. Mihiel Offensive it was on the
extreme left flank of the troops engaged and was the pivot for the movement
against the west face of the saliento It was therefore called upon for only
a slight advance. On September 20th the division was relieved from the line
and moved to Le;ies, west of the L1"euse, nd thence north to join in the
Meuse--Argonne Offensive which was to begin on September 26th.
On the nig;ht of September 25-26 the division took over the line of the
Ruisseau de For-es north of Esnes as the left unit of the 3d Corps. From
Sep-bmber 26th until October l19th it wJas coitrl u usly in front line,
successively attacking and capturing stroncl-ti cor.t-tsted positions in the
Bois de Brieulles, the Bois du Fays -the Bci le Malaumont, the Bois de
Peut-de-Faux, and the Bois de Forb,
When relief by the 3d Di-is- on on Oc obnr ?.tl was
r completed, the
division moved to Luceyv nortn r. Tor.1 *Ln ^e iS .* to 1i Second Arrny,
On N?-vember 3d it was re-assigne,3 t, tjhe *', i.\i!;y '^ p)srt of the III Corps
1 ;
prepE.ratory to its re-ent--y int-o thle --. Ofensivet
0 8e!C
,'crjze Before the
move involved was completud the order wa.3 r'-,ied and the division returned
to thle control of the 2d Army to partirlij9l; Xin ioe contemplated attack on
the Iorraine front. Then sgningn (o tne a-rmi, tice on November 11th cur"
tailed further offensive operations, ana the diviision was concentrated
at Boucq, northwest of Toul 10
Wfhfiien th.e div'Sixio W-S relieved in iine on October 19, the unitAs of the
'4J1 ;i-.c.ijd rStliller P B^igac rem-<'nud- in actionr.-untinil the niglht of Cc0tcbo;
;''^ ) wr n tt ^hlr:ey wre
v V jthra/nr ,
to 4thTe Fot'4t de Hesse for a fi.e ay re-tl
'LTh.e br.-..cr^e -as re' lulr-iied to t he l1ne 3r. support of the 3d Corps and par--Acl-
ke. (8to .i at attac k of No vmbie r 1st* The 16th F.Av was attaclh-d t o the
the
1 Cre

90'o`rn Dl.iSOn, whl iCh.C it Sl.-ppor'tbcl -inti, INovember 7, when the regimenfi i s
.C.ci-^e cpe ationo txer-u>`na- ed,^Te 13th and 77th Regirmnts served with the
3d d t
Artil.Ir 9r
1: y Brsgadu6 dring ith;--next- ten days, attached to the bith
D;v, i3Ji o nY cov;;ring ,t1 3 c osi.rg of the Mieuse and later supporting its ads-
van1JO i~n p. rt~it east of tha Iv.l-set
;luring operations the division took 2756 prisoners# Its casualties
totaled X52,SC4o
,;rt!' dtivi7sioon was now assigned to the Army of Occupation and began the
march tow-ard Germany on November 20* Passing through Luxembourg it entered
Germany on December 3 and completed the occupation of its area about Cochem
on De-.,mber 17* From this area it'was subsequently moved to relieve the
42d Division along the banks of the Rhine wifth headquarters at Nieder-Breisigs
The division returned to the United States in JulyA 1919; head,
quarters sailed from Brest July 24 and arrived in New York July 31*
The division had four commanding generals as follows:
M4j#Gen*George H*Cameron(assigned)^Dec*3,1917 - Aug*16*1918; Brig#
Gen*Benj*AtPoore (temporary)- Aug.16,1918 ^ Aug%27.,1918; Mlaj'Gen* John L*
Hines (assigned), Aug,27,1918 ^ October 11, 1918; iaj*Gen*,George H.Cameron
(assigned),Octl111918 WOctober 22, 1918; BrigGen.BenJ&A*Poore temporary)
Octa2201918 October 31 1918; Majpeno Mark L* Hersey (assigned), October 31
31918 % Augol, 1919*

COMBAT SERVICE, 4TH DIVISION*

(1) Aisne wMarne Offensive France 18 Jult v 6 Aug*,1918


39th Infantry
47th
r
58th '
M
59th
10th Machine Gun Battalion
11th I "V
12th " " "
4th Engineers
8th Field Signal Battalion
(2) Aisne-mIarne Offensive, France
13th Field Artillery 4 Augu w 5 Aug*01918
16th " t 3 Aug*r 6 Aug 3 1 913
(3) Vesle Sector* France 7 Aug. 12 Aug^ 1918.,
Same as in (1)
(4) Vesle Sector, France*
13th Field Artillery 7 Aug, 16 Augu, 1918
16th i i 7 Aug, -* 16 Aug#) 1918
77th it t 8 Aug. ^ 16 Aug.,1918
(5) Toulon Sector, France 6 Sept. - 13 Sept,,1918
Same as in (1)
(6) St*Mihiel Offensive, France 14 Sept*, 1918
Same as in (1)
(7) St. Mihiel Offensivet France
13th FA,,* Septh " 14 Septo,1918
12
16th - 14 Septt,,1918
12 Septo
77th " 12 Septo - 15 Sept.,1918
: k
.. ^ . -^ .*
*E - .'
:fl )4 r ;* P

(8) MeuseArgonne Of fensive France 26 Sept. - 22 Oct,,1918


Same as in (1)
(9) Meuse-Argonne Offensive, France 26 Sept, - 11 Nov*,1918
13th Field Artillery
16th "
77th
1

Revised to 6417w21
RPL:egm: cw

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' in tDhr'i itrnci '.j--,ch^.z ^h^ /i n
.2Di.vi 4Ym, CTn3ra.ll b f<;if,
-izc ro alu ;.1. *ix-,t;.. f ji s'ta-tr'ecnts ar on filos Co monts aro invitod*
-
-. sTnEE F1FTIH DIVISoONi
(Regular Army)
( Divisional insignia, a red dianond)

The Fifth Division was organized at Canzp Logan, Texas, Dec. 1, 1917, from
units of the regular army. These being at peace strength, the shortage was made
up by assignlment of National Army men*

The following organizations composed the division:


9th Infantry Brigade;
60th ard 61st Infantry; 14th Machine Gun Battalionb
10th Infantry B`rigade:
6-cth anid lIth Infantry; 15th Maachine Gun Battalion.
13th Machine G-un Ba.-tt:alionf
5th Artil i Bigde:
i.'ley
19-tlh an 0th1 (light), 21st (heavy) Field Artillery;
5t 1 Trench Mortar battery*
7th Etlgineer .
9th Field Signal Battalion.
Trainso

The first unit of i;the divisicn arrived in F'rance, MJiarch 20, 1918, and the
.'last June 19. Bar-sur-Aube waE selectsd a;.- the training area for the infantry,
while the artillery was ^e.,at to Valdahon for a sirnlar purpose.
On June 1st the dizis.on wag placed at 'he of the 33d French
,ienooal
Armry Corps, tnen cpe .ng
ra'. n the V sgeV To t his j at wras immediately
0c-or
movod Here the troops viere mingled wi-h -the French behinz. tl'hb lines for
uir.)rher tra-iining Ju4ne14'hCl tIhe l.,vld.io ente-ed tn .l.ne wrih combsat units,
half Frenc-. 1hle se'iitor was <Zu slt but th.e di vison :.uf `e.rod first cas- -is

ualtics uttn 141hhTh


COn J1;.n- 15th tIhe d.ivision was +ranserred to t'ne quiet St. Die sector
and on Ju.1y .5t h the cor-lmand of she se-to,- pissod to 'bhe A.mJnricans. The
ArtiSllry jcined 1the9 dt.iis I28t;,on Juy after having conslsted its training
at Valdahon* In a local engagement o Iiug, 17th the town of .riapelle and Hill
451 wer-e taken and heli ar>uinot counter atta-i.cks.
The dvis,3ionr was rl.j.eveJd I'y the .^rench August 26th and repaired.to
Arches, soutlh of Efona..: for re3t and traing. From this poirt it moved to
the vic.nit,.y of una v. e, Agust2; 2e.ith.
The 31 * Iiihi<=l) cpneration war about -to begin, and on Sept 8thn the
.divisisn took its plac^ on a .ine running frorn IRemenauviLle to Regnieville,
on t9 southern face of the salient.. The divirsion rrrove0 to the attack at
ivre o clock on the morning of Sept* 1 2th, and meeting litt:l.e resistaxnc,
ranidly advanced its lina to the north, 1hen relieved on the night of
Sept* 16--17, it occupiAed a 'ine running from Rembercourt to La Souleuvre
Farm. The enemy's counter attacks were repulsed with 'li-t-tle difficulty*
From September 17th; to 27th the divisiorn, gzinus the artillery, was
stationed at Domevre-en-Iaye, near Toul, for rest and training* The artillery
remained in the St Wihiel sector until after the signing of the armistice,
and formed a part pf the 2d Axrmy On Sept'. 2Jry,-23, the division moved to
pagny sur-Meuse, west of Toul, and thlere resumed trainings
At this time the voieuse-Argonne offensive was in full swing to the
north and. on October 3d, the 5th mnoved to the Souilly area preparatory to
entering the battles On the night of the 5th another move was made, this time
io the Forat de Hesse, where it became a reserve txnjt of the 5th Army Corps.
On the 10th., orders wJere received to relieve the 80th, and a part of
the. 4th Division on a line just east .of 'Cunel On the llth division head"
quarters were established in the Bois de Tuilerie, The relief began on the
itorning of the 12th on the line of the Cunel^bjrieulles roa.d. Immediately
$atrols were sent out, and these 3ucceeled in entering Cunel and 'Bois de la
pu'ltiere. On the same afternoon, before the relief ars completed, a witY-
drawal was ordered that the division might reform for an attack. During thle
relief and the withdrawal the'divisiorn was under continuoub fire from both
sides of the Meuse, and as a result suffered severely*
The line was re-entered on tho 13th at the saw, point from which the
division had withdrawn. Fr'om this position an attack was launched on the
norning of the 14th and Cunel capturedo Then followed seven days of the.
bitterest fighting the division had tver experienced. The Bois des Rappea,
directly in the line of attack, offered resistance that was not overcome
until the 21st, and then only after terrific fighting in which the 5th
suffered heavy losseso Throughout, the harassing fire from the east bank
of the river continued unabated
The tired division was relieved by the 90th on October 22, and re-
tired to the rest area around Montfautcone
On October 27 the division again entered the line, this time re-
lieving the 3d on a line running from the northeast corner of the Bois
des Raope^' along the edge of the Bois de Foret; thence south parallel
to ih
i-;o Bo:.s 'd- Brioulles. The towns of Aincreville and
Brieulles mvere ii-ire-diately occupied; and on Noveriber 1st CleryoleGrand
was ;a c. irn order i o secure an advantageous place in which to cross
the M.,ousX Th'en followed a series of attacks which brought the entire line
parallel to the Meuse and facing east.
On November 2 after overcoming numerous difficulties* the river was
crossed at Brieulles, and two days later a second bridge was constructed
at Dunsur-Mouso, The entire division then crossed and pursued the
rapidly fleeing enemy northeast as far as the Foret de Woevreo On
November 11 its line ran from Jametzs through Louppy to the far edge of
the Foret de Woevreo
The division took 2,356 prisoners* Its casualties totalled 9,883*
On November 22^-23, the division was moved to the Longuyon-Longwy
areas Here it attached to the 3d Army, which had been designated as the
Army of Occupation* One regiment, the 6th Infantry, was assigned as the
garrison of Treveso in Rhenish Prussia, when the advanced section of
American General Headquarters was established* the rest of the division
occupied southern Luxembourg, with headquarters at Esch-surmAlzette#
Here the divisional artillery rejoined, after a long sojourn inn the St*
Hihiel sector.
The division was relieved May 10 for return to this country, but its
departure was delayed until July. Headquarters sailed from Brest July 1-3
and arrived at New York July 21. The division had only two commanding
generals, as follows:
Major General. John E, McMiahon, April 9 Oct*17t 19180
Major General Hanson E. Ely, Oct#18 to cdate July 23 19199

COVBAT
-- SERVICE, 5TH DIVISION

(1) Agould Sector, Vosges, France 14 June 16 July, 1918


60th Infantry
61st
t
6th
llth
13th Machine Gun Battalion
14thh
15th
7th Engineers
9th Field Signal Battalion
(2) St*Die Sector, Vosges, France 17 July 23 Aug,, 1918#
Same as (1) and
l9th Field Artillery
20th "
21st
(3) StkMihiel Offensive 'France 12 Sept, _16 Septic 1918
Sam ag in (2$
(4) Limey & Puvenelle Sectors, France 17 5eptv 11 Nov,, 1918
l9th Field Artillery
20th
21st " '
(5) Meuse-Argonno Offensive, France 5 Oct* - 11 Nov*, 1918
Same as in (1)

Revised to 6w17l1
PL:rLit:cw
%*l3*
*, lD-)p
rc'n in th H-is-;orical Betnch, n, Genr-al C'taffU
Var Plan O*Divisim-otsareimied
wTncr< auLthorit-ies for stat-or.Lort. are on fiU. Comncts are invited,
1HE SIX'TH DIVtISION
(ie:.ular Army)
t
(Divisional insignia, a six-pointed red star-- 1 ." . , A! . *? )

c.t
The Sixtl; Division waws or-.^.nized Camp IMcClel'lan, Ala., in November)
1917, fro- units of the regular arrly,. These being atg peace strength, the
shortages were ..ade up by assi nrmcnt of National Army mien, Especially was this
true of tihe 318th 'Enjineers which was composed clmost exclusively of the latter
class. The following org.nizations composed the division:
lltth Inf F.nt&ry Brigade
fist a.nd 52a inf-ntry; 17th Machine Gun ]3attalion,
12th Infatn.ry Br }ade
5nd arnd 54-1h Iane-ntry; 18th Machine Gun Battalions
16th Mdachine Gun Baetdtalion
6th- Field Artillery Brigadsi
3d A;nd 78th (light); 11th (heavy) FLAX; 6th Trench iortar Battery,
318th Engineers.
6th Field Signal Battalion,
Trains,
unit of the division arrived in France July lOth; the last July
The first
26th, 1918. Many units landed first in England and Scotland before crossing
the Channel. lvhile at Le1f avre the artillery came under fire from an enemy
arroplane and suffered the first casualties inflicted upon the division.
in the vicinity of Chateauvillain, the division, minus
After the trainirg
departed Atug, 27th for Gerardmer, in the Vosges, which sector it
the artillery,
relieved October llth. During this period
occupied, under French corm.and, until
the sector was quiet althoough enlivened with frequent raids and patrol cmbats,
The division artillery at this time was in training at Valdahon.
27th,
The M.ause-Argonne OGfensive being under way, the division, on October
was sent north to talke its place in the line, Detraining near St. Menehould,
south of the Argonne, the long and trying march'due north was begun. Lack of
fo ced the troops to drag their machine guns and other
transportation facilities
a retreating enemy
equipment by hand through the forest and over roads which
After a march of ape
had used every means at his- command to make impassableo
proximately fifty kilonmeters, divisional heedquarters was esteablished, Nov, 6th,
At this tine the division was a unit of the 1st Corps and in reserve.
at Stonne,
On Nov. 6th the left of thle 1st Corps rested in the vicinity of Stonne.
As the left flank of the,
Then began the turning movement eastward to the Miyeuse,
with the French on the left was temporar-
Corps swung to the northeast,.liaison
Into this gap units of tie 6th were hurried, and what promised to be
ily lost.
a dangerous situation was thus saved,
time was in full retreat and the necessity for its serv-
The enemy at this
moved to the area northeast of Verdun.
ices no longer existing, the 6th was t e r
sector the signing of the
a r
misti c e ms
Before it could enter the line in this
The 11th Field Artillery wrent into action with the 89th
ended the fighting.
Division during the Yeuse-Argohne Offensive,
active
Forty days were spent by the division in quiet sectors and none in
Twelve prisoners were Captured and casualties totalling 576 suffered,
ones.
On
Division Headquarters were estaeblished at Moinay le Duc Nov. 30 1918.
Division Heed-
April 12, 1919, movement of the division to Gexrma-y plaas begun.
auarters were established at Bad Bertrich on A.pril 30th, On May 6th the moves
ment of the division was, stopped about 60 per cenC of the personnel havring aro
rived in CGerimany' ,On Mlay 20th, movement of troops-ta Bres! .wao begun,. Division
Headquarters erbarked June 3, 1919, and arrived at Nwv York June loth.
The Division had two different commanding generals as follows: Brig. Gen#
James B. Erwin, Nov. 1, .1917 - Aug. 27, 1918; tIaj. Gen , Walter H. Gordon, Aug,
28, 192JR - June 10, 1919,
BATTLE PARTTICIPATION, SiXTiH D1IVI SION
(1) Gerardimer sector, Vosges, France, ;3 Sept. * 12 Oct. 1918,
51 st Inf*
52d "
53d it
54fth f
16th Manchine Gun Battalion,
l v F~h " ti . '
li nb1 1~ 1 ~
,. ') tt (
31Etr Engineers
6ti Field Signal Battalion.
(2) iMc-usr-^.rgonne Offensive, France, 28 Cst , - 11 Nov., 1918.
Sani-?e ar . n ( 13
(3) bMe!uso-J1^Argonne Offensiva, Franzco t 26 Oct. 11 Nov > 1918.
llth Fiel .Artillrery, -
Prepared Oct, 10, 1919 1 Revised Feb. 1, 1921,
RPL -e, grl
ReviSed -o 6 -121
.u ,-
R 1 l' e i"c

1.4A-
rsuhrnrtle;
LA, o sh Intai: aro on flilo, mDA
q iivite;,
THE SEVESTUH DIVISION

(Regular Army, Insignia; Two blach - bGxia;r,9:c vrit. their apexes


touching t.n ,rc+r ofct r;d c;r..e ,r

tfwttY-Q llamaC;;(

The Sevonth Division was organized January !., 19'18, Ir.)m Jroorse of
the
Regular Army, and by transfers.from other tunits% For the pu-po ae
of raining
organizations concentrated at Camp McAi-thui Texas, in Juno. i01',
'b-t +the division
was not completely assembled as a unit until arrival in Frarncr i
The organizatioh was as followsv
13th Infantry Brigade; '
55th and 56th Infantry; 20th M\achiine roln P,Be:'talionL
14th Infantry Brigade:
34th and 64th Infantry, 21st Mlach-inoe-Gun Batali on,
7th Field Artillery Brigades
79th and 80th (light), and 8th (heavy) Field artillcry;
7th Trench Mortar Battery.
19th Machine Gun Battalion*
5th Engineers*
10th Field Signal Battalions
Trains#
Th e f i r s t u n i t o f t e
h division go overseas arrived in France August
gto
6, 1918; the last arrived September 3, 1918
For training purposes the division (less artillery) was sent to the
15th Training Area, with Headquarters at Ancy-looFranc(Yonne For a similar
purpose the artillery brigade was sent to Camp Moucon (XMprbihan). I-> never
joined the division during 4terations.
The divisian, less artillery, departed on September 27 for the front
detraining in the vicinity of Toul, It became reserve of the IV Corps, lst
Army,. Headquarters was established successively at Gondreville, VillerswenwHaye
and Euveain. On October 10 it relieved the 90th Division in front line in the
Puvenelle sector from the Moselle River west to Jaulny, inclusive, The
passed to the command, of the 2d Armt upon its formation on Octobey 13, From' division
November 9 to Noveaboer 11 it participated.in the-'general attack made by the 2d
Army in the Meuse*Argonne Offensive, The division remained in the'Puvonelle
Sector until January .10, 1919, when it moved to the region north of Tout. with
headquarters at Saizerais (Meurthe et Moselle), one regiment (34th Infantry)
remaining in the devastated area for guard-'and police dutys
During operations the division spent two days in-active sectors and
thirty-one days in quiet sectors. It took sixty-nine prisoners and its casual-
ties w6re 1,693*
I n Ap ri l t h e d i v i s i o n
moved to the Colombey}les-Bellos aria, and then
to the Le Mans Embarkation Center preparatory to returning to the United States.
Headquarters embarked June 12, 1919, and arrived in Now York June 20,
The division had five different.conrlaanding gonerals, -as follwaS
Br i g a d i e r
General G,i. Barth* Janl, 1918 to Oct 24, 1918; Brig.Gen*
Lut Wahl, Qct*25, 1918 to Oct,27, 1918; Maj. Genlidmund Wittenneyer, OctW28,
1918 to Jantl8, 1919, Brig.Gen G.H.Preston, Jan,19, 1919 to
Jan.2, 1919*
aJuen. Famuand Wittenmeyer, Jan,23, 1919 t< llay 16, 1919; BrigGen Lutz WahlI
May 17i191 t o My 22, 1919 fMiajwGent Edlmund Wlittonmeyer, tay 23, 1919 to July 3'.
1 91 ahl
S 9 BrigsGensLatz W . July 4, 1919 to Sept.30, 1919; MajGen ZE.FMcGlachlin
Jr, Octl,' 1919 to datse (Juno 10,1921)
BATTLE PARTICIPATION, 7TH DIVISIQN

1 Puvrnello Sector France . Io Oct. 11 Nov., 1918


55th Infantry
56th
34th n
64th
19th Maachine Gun Battalion
20th iJ * l
<
21st ."
5th Engineers
10th Field Signal Battalion
. . , . ^
RP'Lt-egflhweoXl ,..
1 l n h
:;i-Gi P jX iv il-3os
auu-ch.4 c lr . '- .
9ij vision,.
Ss ;,
for statormnts- aro un filo*, Cowaonts GoncTral Staff,
aro invitod* .
.-.
; . . . . .

THE EIGHTH DIVISION

(Regular Army* Insignia: An upward pointing gold arrow


piercing a silver figure 8 on a blue shield)

The Eighth Division was organited in December 1917 at


Camp Fremont, California, where the most of the units were
stationed and trainedo Other camps were utilized by someP
of the unit~of the division owing to;the small space'available
at- Campi Fremont'and the desire on the part of the War Department
to avoid as many r'ailroad moves as possible,

The organisation was as follows:


The 15th Infantry Brigade
12th and 62nd Infantry; 23rd Machine Gun Battalion
The 16th Infantry Brigade#
8th and 13th Infantry; 24th Machine Gun Battalion
The 22nd Machine Gun Battalion
The 8th Field Artillery Brigade,
.81st and 83rd (light) aMd the 2nd (heavy) Field
Artillery,
8th Trench Mortar Batteryo
: The 319th Engineers :
The 320th Field SignalBattalon- :
Trains#
Th6 embarkation of the division began about October 30#1918#
at Hoboken New Jersey- the first Unit (319th Engineers and Train)
arriving in France October 12# 1918, and the last (8th Field
Artillery Brigade) November 9, 1918: The following were the
otly *huitsa;: o f theidivi 5ion t o go overs eaS: DiWvision Headquarters
Headquarters Troop; 16th Infantry Brigade- Headquarters, 8th
Infantry; 8th Field Artillery Brigade Headquarters,*the 2nd, 81st
and 83rd Artillery, the 8th Trench Mortar Battery; 319th Engineer
and Train
The 15th Infantry Brigade Headquarters, and 320th Field
Signal. Battalion ebarked at Hoboken and after- Waitint on board
for seqVtrgl days did not sgi but debarked owing to the signing
-,o f the armi stiee ' :; . - : ' ;
ThePons,,area (Chareiite In r'rieurhad
a) been designated as
the training a, tfor h di idsion S&P after arriral in
France the foilowing units went to the Pons area: Division
Headquartsr. and: Headquarters Troop (both returning later to
-Pontanen,, Barrack.6Brestk for duty) l6th Infantry Brigade'
Headquarters areturning to Brest in Februaryt 1919, for return to
the United States) 8th Infantry (returnin to Pontanezen Bat-acks
Brest tdr duty+) The regiment left Brest July 11$ 1919 for
CoblenK, Germalny^; arr:xying' there July since which time it
a4th.
has been duty witti the American Force in Germany* The 319t-th
Engineers and Train arrived at Le Htvre,I October 12J 1913, LaviCSy
theme- for Pontanean Barracks, Brest"October 1, 1918, where ;l
remained on duty until August15 ,, 1919 when the entire r'gire 9
and. train sailed. for.ti',-a. ited! St'at ' The 8th Field A-t : v.-e.:t
.Brigades .Heq.uatters, t"nd, 8;lst and. 83rd Field Artillery b}o^;;
after arrival: at Brest proceeded to Plrael (Morbihan) Arhe^
they remained: untUil December 9th, on which date they proee^i.
to Brest -fro which port they: sailed for the niaed Stato. 0 i

JanuarS;y 4, 19i1 The: 8Th Trench aorta Battery a fWe da^


afi r' arrival at Brst entrbfied for'the Trench Art ill cr v' .-i :-
Center near Vitre)y (Hauto -Sao$b) wherer it arri3ved Novcmb- r.-
}7J; t9X8./ sbobn aft'r ret; t* : s from ' -; ' ; '
. ! L6 n
r b
which place it, ailed for the United States December
-25, 1918 The Advance School Detachment upon arrival
in Brest was absorbed for duty there by Headquarters i
Base Section No 5 as wias also the Billeting Detachmentt
None of the units of this division were in action
The folloving were in command of the division:
Colt Elmer F, Taggart (temporary) January 5,1918
*'*' to February 15,1918
Col. George W. Van Dusen (temporary) February 15,
:* ~~~~~ - 1918 to February 25, 1916:
Brig* Gen* Joseph DLeitch(temporary) February 25,
1918 to Mviarch 9, 1918i
Maj*Geno John Fo Morrison (assigned) March 9,1918
to June 17, 19184
Brigs Gen. Joseph D.Leitch(temporary) June 18, 1918
4to July 17, 1918
Maji Geno Wm So Graves (assigned) July 18, 1918
to August 14, 1918t
Maj, Gen# Eli A Holmick (assigned) September 1, 1918,
to November 11, 1918

B^IL .* "4-71-

17T
frepared in the Historical Branchv War Plans Division, General Staff,
whore authorities for statements are on file Cormunents are invitedo

THE NINTH DIVISION

Insignia: (Unoffidial) consists of a red shield charged with a yellow


numeral "9" on a blue disco

The Ninth Division (less artillery) *as organized in July, 1918# at


Camp Shoridan, Alabama, The 9th Field Artillery Brigade was organized
and trained at Camp McClellan, Alabamar The 45th and 46th Infantry were
organizeations of the Regular Army all others were provisional organizac
tions* A nucleus of men came from the regular units, but all organizations
were largely made up from drafted men*
The organization was as follows:
17th Infantry Brigade s
45th and 67th Infantry; 26th Machine-gun Battalion*
18th Infantry Brigade*
46th andf 68th Infantryt 27th Machinegun Battalions
9th Field Artillery Brigade;
25th and 26th (light); 27th (heavy) Field Artillery;;
9th Trench Mortar Batteryo
25th Machinewgun Battalion=
209th Engineers
209th Field Signal Battalilbn*
Trains
The division was in training until November, 1918o when it prepared
for. departure overseasi The signing of the armistice November 11 stopped
all further troop movementt and the division began domobilizationt which
Wvas completed in February, except for such units as belonged to the Regular
Army,
The division had one commanding general: Major.Gen* Willard As
Holbrook (assigned) Sept, 27 1918 -Feb, 15# 1919*

Reavised to: 6^15*21


RPLcw

^18"
4n :'':* i-YUtb i rtOriC.;L jThWar Plans Divisi on,, G0O0r-2Tl
Lna;Ch,
-xcf, ,
wiler3 aul-ohDor'itin ic for satoarln'Ass ro on fioJ Conwonts aro invitod.
THE rP,'.NT'H DIVISIONL.

(Insignia: Roman numeral X in goll in circle of same color


superimposed ^n marine blue square,)

The Tenth Division was organized in August, 1918, at


Camp Funetonf
Kansas The 20th and 41st Infantry were organizations of the
Regular
Army* all other-s wera provisional o ,;ani-ations A necleus of en came
from the regular units, but all org,.izations were larsely .made up from
drafted men,
The organization was as follows0
19th Infantry Brigade-
41st and 69th Infantry, 29th Machinergun Battalion,

20th Infanwy Brigadeo


2Oth and 704h Inf -mtry; 30th ilMachine-gun Battalion,
10th Field Artillo
1 1s y Briad e
20th and 2th l li-ht), 30th (heavy) Fisld Art;illery 10th
Trencln Mortar Battery,
23th Mafthir.e^gun Battalion,
210th . Ernginee rs
10th Field Signal Battalion,
Trains,
The division was in training until November, 191, wihen it prepared
for aepar-ture oreroass The sining of the armistice Novemnber 11 stopped
all fu;r-ther troop MoVement, and the division rema.ined at Ca:ip 1ii-c'tbn
until demobiliza-t.on whi ch was comple-;ed February
18, 1919'
The divrision had one commnatacding geheral: Major General Leonard Wood
(assigned). Aug, 10, 1910 to tebruary, 18, 1919,

4PLi*EGM
>/5/20

R0<s^-^e t. 3 -t' ^23 . -1U-


IFLP e m
^Ggar^X41; n t^ Hi3haP187l "BralT^ W'aFPlan, S~biR9i, Uc1nw1a- c^^~f t
%,horo c.uthiaoritios for stato lb 0 Ijy r
Eo invitod.
TH ~?LE JET] )1VISININS.oncmnt re~ni~

The Eleventh Division (less arkillery) was organized in August, 1918^


at Camp Meade, Maryland, The 24th Field Artillery Brigade was.organized
and trained at West Point Kentucky. The 17th and 63d Inf antry vwere
organizations of the Regular Army; all others were provisional organizationst
A necleus of men came from the regular units, but all organizations were
largely made up from drafted men,
The organization was as followst
21st Infantry Brigadef
1,7th and 71st Infantry; 32d Machineogun Battalion,
22d Infantry Brigadet
63d and 72d Infantry; 33d Machineigun Battalion*
24th Field Artillery Brigade:,
70th and 71st (light), 72d (heavy) Field Artillery;
24th Trench Mortar Battery,
31st Machine-gun Battalion
211th Engineer s
211th Field Signal Battalion .
Trains8
The division was in training until November, 191, when it prepared
for departure overseas, The signing of the armistice November 11 stopped
all further troop movement 'and the division began demobilization which
was oompletia in Februrwy 1919, exept for such units as belonged to the
Regular Arminy,
The division had one commandinr generalt Major General Jesse McaI
Carter (assigned) Aug, 15, 191C to Feb, 51 19199

PLEGM^,
10/5/20

.* , y -.,: 6/l/2.I
*. *' tj- f, \i
B .i:-.i, MZ
. ai
,
v Mr tf, i * -; - i, ., A
7;hklrnb ahh~rrt.lr: se0sf siatowir-t aro on filo. Comoists arO in<@'.Jitf

THE INWLFTH DIVIOION*

Insignia; Blue diamond upon nhioh is suer osed the igure


12 pierced by a, bayonet.

ar'iliery) was organized in July, 1918,


Th1B L.TelfthTlie ~eirn (less
Division
yii~xo^i v r+.-ler'Brigade
J T ry
was organized
at Camp Devens, Maass* The .2th Fiell !r +116 Bride wa ntry werrgned
and trained at The 3fivh .nd 42e antry
ZrL awere
organizations of 'h Regul.ar Ar^ ae.' o,^es .er proisional organiza
A neolews oI men cafe from the r-gular units, but all organiza
tions,
tions were l.rgoly moa1e ilp frorn drufted men.
The organiiation wa'.as follows:
23d Infartrvr ,rignde -
35.t': and '73dr In-antry; 35th Machine-gun Battalion*
f
24th In'antry r d. e +
Iaile.rntry; 36th Ilaohine-gtun Battalion*
4.2d a:.nd ^t4.h
/ 12th Field Art llld.ev 3rigade':
14-oh xrd 25-h i ( bhi)- 3 6th (heaVS Field Artillery,
";tthTr Cac' Mortar - attery
34th Mat; i:ie"-gln 9a-AtasLio n.
212th En ine ere,
212th .Field Signal Batt]aion,
Trainso~C it pr e p a r e d
^diricion 't^s in trainizn,- until November,19131 when
*The'
for departur ove.rseas, The si6'ing of the armistie Nverter 11
troop rlove-ler.n the divsio ben mbilizion
stopped all further
unts as belned
which -ewas oonrlJt ed January 31, 1919, except for sloh
to 'the Regular AUiy.
Ie division had one ommanding general lajor General H1 PI
McCa;in (assigned) Aug- 20, 191o to January 31, 191|.

RPL EGIM,
10/5/20

Revised tQ 3/20/21
'hPL' 'e;

. ',

. .~~~~~~~~~

<' .~~~~~~
.

i~~ . ~~~~~~~~
t

* * ' '

F1. -
Proparod in tho Historical Braneh, War Plans Ditvisiaon, GTraA8
Staff
whr.,; .. i- it
2;hri- ff.. y 51l.!s011lts u r o ila ilo0 Commonte aro t-nitod;l
THE THIRTEENTH DIVISIONt

(Insignia: Red horseshoe, black cat and figure 13 superimposed on


blue circle.)

<W1W

The Thirteen Division was organized in July, 1918, at


Camp Lewis,
American Lake, Washirgtonn Th e
1 s t a n d 4 4 t h I n f a n t r y w e r e organizations of the
Regular Army all others were provisional orsanizationso A nucleus of men came
from the regular units, but all organizations
were largely made up from drafted
menul

The organization was as follows:


25th Infantry Brigade!
l.st and 75th Infantry; 38th Machine Gun
Battalion
26th Infantry Brigadet
44th Ea;- 76thJnfantry; 39th Machine Gun
Battaiop7
13th Field Artillery Brigade:
'37th and 38th (light); 39th (heavy) Field
Artillery; 13th Trench Mortar Battery*
37th Macir.e Gun Battalion
213th Eng.naers,
213th Field Signal Battalion*
Trains.

The d i v i s i o n wa s i n training until November, 1918, at which


time it
as ready fot r overseas service 10 Th e s i n i n g o f t h e
g armistice November 11 stopped
all further troop movement, and t h e d i v i s i o n b e g a n
demobilization, which was com-
pleted in March, }119, except for such units
as belonged to the Regular Army.

The division had three commanding generals:

Br i g
, G e ne Cornelius Vanderbilt (temporary), Aug. 20, 1918
to Sept*ll+
1918; Brig* Gene Frank B. Watson (temp o r ary), Sept. 11 1918
Majo Gen, Joseph D, Leitch (assigned) October to October 7, 1918;
7, 1918 to Apl, 30, 1919

Rievsed Fob,381921
iRPL:e m - 2-
^rcL
Pl' ea ir, tho H .^storjaU i B p3 plhns r p^ be. StafL
<
* '
.vloro au'hr.3.8'.ti9S f.o .a. 6uiteAt .
a tk- r I,0 a
fl'. O o
0H t Cl^ 'vf) aro a.;..*
^m;i^

1xB FOUR{i8.i\TEENH DIVIISION

(Insigniat Tio narx, - iV! I-viori .oe, and a yellow'disk


wi-th-X ilhovr-, ,o
IQ wolov ri,t in its conter, all supcr,
inpcsod o01 a grrn shioid*'

To Fourtcntha Division was organized in July, 1918, at Camp Custer,


Michigan, T' 5)e .rr.'lIr::faTrJrn
Ot;hl ard 4a30;tn w.re of thc Regular ?iicns
Army; iall Iot e o vtri pr os1^r JS zai ori ai) z`7iS. A- na; lls of men '
oar-,c cfro the r-cula.r units, but all org.ni4;atlons wore largely made up
from mL a "to ... min.

The org;.rization was as follows:

2 7t/n Infantry Brigd:c


l.?+r- atic 'i 7-7i Infantry; 41st Mcachine Gun Battalion,
20th In <j;.y .. i C,,,

4.tr. ^ J- nt r
dfa 42d Machine Gun Battalion,
14th Fidl
! t.r-Li,:cy B:ad .1 .
*r - i a -. - JSI :i
r'W ..+ '4r2d (hcavy) Field Artillery;
4h l-^h
1,A0 ."5 '
re-i-
r&1>.C l
lo;-ta-- Battery+
8t, c 3y
> , (40thIIvir hi .e ^l4 itu talioa
214r, th r^tnccr$
214.-. I;:x i sinal Battalion
- r~rt.<T

The divisaon vras in tra'S.ng qnJtil January, 1919, when demobilization


comoecod* Tnl.Js vias cnpl.lp.-tod ih February, except for such'units as bow
longed tc, the F.ccul'u A., w/y '

ThQ division had two comamandling gencrals' as f llvtows

BrigtGcrn, H., L. Lautach. (temrporary), Sept'.,) 1918 to Nov, 19t 1918t


Major Gon. G'rote Hutohoson (trcmporary) Nov, 19, 1918 to demobilization4

RPLo-gmsow
Revised to 6*15o21
.vmcrtlu aL~td-ho-U-.o.s for*Z~~!l:.st pnc:arc C1-nf;io^ =r3oj0io9 aro ii;vivod*
F, EI , )74 H
A PR^'r HIS^OilY OF
TE
FIFTERENdFTH DIV IS ION.

In compliance with a letter from The Adjutant General of the.


Army dated July 31, 1918, the 15th Division was organized at Camp
Losan, Texas, on August 28, 1918*

The 43d and 57Jth Regular Army Infantry Regiments which were
stationed at Camrp Ioan furnished the nucleus for the other infan-
try units of the Division.f

The Divisional Artillery was organized at Cnamp Stanley, Texas,


fror National .&rmy Cavalry and remained at that Camp for instrqc-
tion#

The Encineer Reg;iment and Train vasa organized at Camp Hum


phries, Va., ancd jocined the Division at Camlp Logan in the early
part of rovrer;br, by the lst of Novenber the orranization of
the Divisioin w-s a.bout completed and all units were undergoing
intensive tralling,-

On December 4th the brea..inc up of the Division was begunr


when one Battrcalion of the 4u3d Infantry was sent. to Canmp Bowies
Texas, ar.d no batta.i-on to CrmFp IcICArthur> TexIs. 'On Docemnber 18th
.the 57th Lnantry entrained for Carup Pike > Arkansas, By the middle
o f February, 193A, all oreaniz.tions of the 15th Division not be-
longing to the Reegular Army had been demobilized
\ .

Tho Comananders of this Division were as follows:

Colonel DJ4Baker, &ugC 28 1918, to Sept. 11, 1918


Brl;*Gen, Guy VHenry, Sept, 11, 1918, until domobiliza-
*tion,

T1he Division was comrposed of the followin* organizations:

15th Headquarters Troop*


43d Machincl Gun Battaliont
29th Inf ntr;y Britade:.
43d Ir fantry.
79ih In fantry -
441ih I\lMacine Gun Battalion '
30th In"`.ntry Brigade:
57tih tni .n -try.
80h Tnfantry,
**5th t1ac!;ino Gun B3attaliont
15th. Ar ti'llerv Brigade;
43dJ 4i k, !E thl Field Artillery,
15th Trench M1ortar Battery.
15th -impnunition Train*
215th Field Signal Battalion*
215th Engineer Regiment and Train
i
15th Train Headquarters and Military Polices
15th Supply Train'
15th Sapitary Train (consisting of Field. Hospitals and
-Ambulance Companies Nos. 257, 258, 259 and 260)*

hilvised to 3*30K1
RPLega > X.
.. A
.?
.9,-in. tv
! A riO lB c'h,,WG Divisicn, Goaean',
plans DM.> l .
giii;g^i; ^orN;l+
axoa~
.1'r qi'stoaontfat aro on fiiop Gomm+nt ara in it^ ^i.

THIE SIXTEEJNTH DIVISION

(Insigia None) .

The.Sixteenth Division (less Engineers) was organized in August,


1918, at Camp Kearnypl Califf-ni* The 216th Engineers. as oranized at
Camp Humphreys, Va,, and joined the division in October,, The'2 st and
32d Infantry were organiz-ations of the Regular Army; all others were pro^
visional organizationsi, A nucleus of men came from the regular units, but
all organizations were largely mads up from drafted men#

The organization: was .as follows

31st Infantry Brigade*


21st and'81st Infantry; 47tr Machine Gun Battalion.
32d Infantry Brigade4.
32d and 82d Infantry; 48th f^achine Gun Battalion,
16th -Field Artillery Brigade*
46th and 47th (light) j 48th (heavy). Field Artil ry;
;lth Trench Mortar attery . . .
46th Machine Gun Battaliono
216th Engineers. /
"
216th Field Signal Battaliont
Train's

The division was in training until February- when demobilizaticrn


comnencedr This was completed in March, except for such units as belonged
to the Reguar .Army-

The division had:.three commanding generals as follows;

Major Geni David C, Shanks (asssigned) Sept4 20. 1918 to November 30#
1918; Brig, Geni Peter W* Davieon (temporary) Nov., 30' 1918 to January 30,
1919; Maj4 Gen, Guy Carleton (assigned) Jan, 30, 1919 to: March 6, L919*

,~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~.
. .

3~j1^)t,21:2g
pRtstvis .; -
o
0.'J e8;ut - 2~51
F'rrPparod in the Historioal Branch 'War Plan o~rifio^ Gjnjwal stef,,
wfeoro, ebhBoitiOs for statomcmts aro on filoo Carioonts ara tnvitod#

TZE SEVENIT., EDITH DIVISION

(insignia: none)

The Seventeenth Division (less artillery and engineers) was


organized in Aug, 1918 at Gamp Beauregardp La# The 17th Field Artillery
Brigade was organized at Camp Bowie, Texas, 'it proceeded to Camp Doniphano
Fort Sill Okla,& Nov 1sty where j.t remained'until demobilizeds The 217th
Engineers was oran 2
ized at Canp Huinphreys. Vat and joined the division in
Novernbert The 5th and Eist Infantry were organizations of the Regular Armyt
all others were provisional organizationst A nucleus of men came from the
regular units, but all organizations were largely made up from drafted men*

The organization was as follow$r


33d Infantry Brigade#
5th 'nd 83d Infantry; 10th Machine Gun
Battalion*
34th Infantry Brigade
29th and 84th Infantryt 51st Machine Gun
Battalions
17th Field Artillery Brigade*
49th and 50th (light); 51st (heavy) Field
Artillery; 17th Trench Mortar Battery'
49th Machine Gun Battalion#
217th Engineers
217th Field Signal Battalion-
Trains,

The division was in training until January when demobilization


commenceds This was completed in-February- except for such units as belonged
to the Regular Army*

The division had two commanding generals as follows!

Brig# Gent iobert We Mearns (temporary).t Novo i 19S18 to Jan*8,


1919} Maj Gent Henry C* Hodges (assigned) JSn, 8, 1919 to February 10, 1919*

.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ i

Revised to Jax*14 1921


-RP :Oogmr
P^--p< o 1. i ; vi-r 1-..L- i IC. ; i
.- i A;Cjinch W
,U^. r ' l '...i
-)l ; r, (r0t-,Xy..r ;.'* ,; [o t
whsto nuihkortibof for katorvnar!re on''ilo .o
ThE EI GHTE!EN\TH DIVI 5 ON

(Insignia: Figure 18 superimposed on a green cactus plant under


which is writ-ten; "Noli me tangersa1"

WSW

The Eighteenth Division (leds artillery and engineers) was organized


in August, 1918, at. Camp Travis, Texast The -18th Field Artillery Brigade was
organized at Camp Starley, Texas, and joined the'division the end of Augusto
The 2i8th Engineers was organized at Carlp HuTiphreyq, Va., in October, and joined
the'division in Novemernte, 198*, Ths 19tnh annl 35tth Intanry were-organizations
of the Regular Army; all others were provisnona]. organizatioins# A nucleus of
men came from the regular units r but all organizations were largely made up from
drafted men,

-The organization was as follows:

"- 35th Infantry Brigade:

19th and 85th Infantry; 53d Machine Gun Battalions


36th Infantry Brigade*
35th and 86th InfaLtry; 54th Machine Gun Battalions

18th Field Artillery ,rigadel


52d and 53d (ligh,-)o 54t.h (heavy) Field 'Artillery;
18th Trench Mortar Battery
<
* 5S2d Machine Gun Battalion

218th Engineers
x
.* * /

218th Field Signal Battalion

Trains

The division was in training until January, 1919, when demobilization


begant This was completed the middle of February, except for such units as be-
longed to the Regular Army,

The division hadl one corunanding general: Brig. Gen, George H, Estes
(temporary) Septi 1918 to Febo 14# 1919.

np : egm O '
i.visod to A
4/25/21'
'
w ' ' 27-_..
t7
>
3't^s&Edl
. ;ha&FeEE^icaAl'., rs^m wrif, SAC-Plars Divnslcn, Genon--l S+aff,
;'lhorc aubhoritios f or stat-oemnts a on 0Lomm-nt,earo invited
THE NINETEENTHl DIVI SION

(Insignia: none)
_ * ' e

The Nineteenth Division (less artillery and engineers) was org-


anized in September, 1918# at Camp Dodge$ Iowan The 19th Field Artillery
Brigade was organized at Camp Bowie, Texas, and proceeded to Camp Doniphan,
Fort Still, Oklahoma, in October, where it remained until demobilized* The
219th Engineers was organized at Camp Humphreys, Virginia, in, September and
joined the division in Novembert 1918a The 2d and 14th Infantry were org-
anizations of the Regular Army; all others were provisieca organizationsa
A nucleus of men cam from the regular units, but all organizations were
largely made up from drafted men,

The organization was' as follows .


37th Infantry Brigade:
14,th and 87th Infantry; 56th Machine Gun
Battalion,
38th Infantry Brigade -
2d and 88th Infantry; 57th Mathine Gun
-: Battalion,
19th Field Artillery Brigades
55th (heavy) 56th and 57th (light), Field
Artillery; 19th Trench Mortar Battery$
55th Machine Gun Battalion,
219th Engineers
219th Field Signal Battaaion
Trainso

The division was in training until Januaryl 1919, when demobili-


zation began, This was completed by January 29th, except for such units as
belonged to the Regular Army<

The division had one commanding generall. Brig* Gen* Benjamin TZ


Simmons (temporary), Octs 25, 1918 to January 28, 1919,

.~~~~ \

AFolS- t o) 2/18/21
impT,: ogm Hga
. :s-, ; *~ r *- l r
Jr, ,-Jc r f '
l
.it c :lFe ns
B
, Igar
lochspl.l.cj DIiv^ris. n, C-iAmp
,.].; l 'i :
* E .. A.ise.0for- s-a'^;omonts ro on filos Cc.-mcnit8 aro Jn.
_
ltc.

TfiE.' T"jqETIETH DIVI SION

iaf
(irsigni none)

The Twentieth Division (closs artillery and engineers) wa.s orcanis7id


in'ALugu.st, .8, a, CcLInp Sevier, S.C T1he ?,Hl Fi.eld Ati..le y !3ri-ado 3.SC
cr;. !i~ 4 d 8rd trcii, ed t jacKron, S C 1 2<u h Engnetrs ra o a .i -ddCLp
c; ,(-t , .jH.rnr~ys, Virginrliaa and jc:in-d ihe di.-is4on in No *ec.er, ljl8e I i
4^ 'h-i ..^c'i. Xld 14. ^^r e Q.rganji2-.^,ion,o-A tiie Regaul a Aria fy; all ctlnrs
;.;nf i Were
r 'roviY; o-1l 'rTgr'ir ^2i'tj.;c; nLuc. e i-R of me;n ,am3 fora the regular urnits Lut
Ia5 or&;anlzsi&fiza ! \werze i rg.ly male up from deafted menr

39th Infantry Brigade:


48th card 89t}h Infantry; 59th Machine Gun
Baftt a l.ion,
40th Inf antryr Brigade:
50th aInd 0ti+; Infantry; 60th Machinrie Gun
BatWt ali ion
20th Field Artiilery Brigade,
58th and 5`^*h ( LAIt); 60th (heavy) Field
Ar",ill.erv,; 20th Trench Mortar Battery#
58th Machine Gun Battalion
220th Enginzner;^
220fth Field Signal Battalion
Traina

The division was in training until January, 1919, when demnobilizta


tion began; This ras completed on February 28# except for such units as be
longed to the Regular Ariiyo

The division had two commanding generals- as followt

Brig, Gent Es Leroy Sweetser (temporary), Sept$ 30, 1918 to January 3,


1919 Maji Gen. Harry E. Hodges, (assigned) Jan, 3, 1919 to Fet 28, 1619#

Revised to 3/30/21
RP:I :ogm
Prepared in the Historical Branch, War Plans Division, CGene.al Staff,
whicro authorities for statonrnts are on filo, Conments are invitedt

THE TIENTi'Y-SIXTH DIVISION,

(National Guard, Insignia: Dark blue monogram YD on diamond-shaped field


of olive drab.)

The 26th Division was organized in August, 1917, at Boston, Mass,,


from National Guard troops of the New England States, supplemented by a
small quota of National Army troops from Camp Devens, Mass.
The organization was as follows:
51st Infantry Brigade;
lOlst and 102d Infantry; 102d Machine Gun Battalion.
52d Infantry Brigade:
103d and 104th IMantry; lp3d Machine Gun Battalion.
101st Machine Gun Battalion,
51st Field Artillery Brigade:
101st and 102d (light), 103d (heavy) Field Artillery;
10lst Trench Mortar Battery,
101st Engineers.
101st Field Signal Battalion,
Trains,
The first unit to gv overseas arrived at St. Nazaire, France, on
September 20, 1917. The last element arrived November 12, 1917<
The division (less artillery, engineers and signal battalion) remain-
ed in training area with headquarters at NIeufchateau until February, 1918,
For purposes of training the artillery was sent to Coetquidan. It, as
well as all other elenpnts, rejoined the division early in February and
remained with it during all activities in which the 26th Division partici-
pated.
1918 T h e di v i s in nreeded to t h e iinitY of
Spissons on February 6,
where, attached to the Frenco lith Corps, i s unlts went into
line in the Chemin des Dames sector on February 10th, It was withdrawn
March 21 and moved to the La Reine and Boucq sector northwest of Toul,
relieving the American 1st Division and the French 10th Colonial Division
in line on April 3, From April 10th to 13th the division successfully
repelled an attack by the enemy on the Bois Brule subsector at Apremont,
This was the first engagement in which American troops took part in any
number. On April 20th and 21st the division was involved in a defensive
operation known as the "Seicheprey Raid". This was an enemy attack in
force against the defenses of the town of Seicheprey. Although American
losses were heayy, the enemy was repulsed, and all ground taken by him
was recaptured by counterwattack. Minor operations of both an offensive
and a defensive character kept this sector active during the remainder
of the division's stay therein.
On June 28th the division was relieved and proceeded northwest of
Chateau-Thierry, relieving the 2d Division in the Chateau-Thierry sector,
on July 10th, It was now in the ist American Army Corps operating under
the Sixth French Army. From July 15th to 18th it was in the Champagne-
Mlarne defensive and from July 18th to 25th it participated in the Aisne-"
fMarne offensives Capturing Torcy, Belleau and Givry m July 18th,
and advancing beyond the Chateau-Thierry--Soissons road to Oulchy, it
reached the heights of Beuvardes-"le Charmel. The division (less artillery
and engineers) was withdrawn July 25th and on August 16th proceeded to
the Chatillon training area. The 101st Engineers remained in line under
the 1st Corps until August- 3d, and the artillery brigade until August
4th supporting the 4th and 4Qd Divisions,
On August 26th the division moved north of Bar-le-Duc, and thence to
the Rupt and Troyon sector north of St. Mihiel, where on September 8th
it entered the line as part of the 5th Army Corps. It participated in the
St, Mihiel offensive September 12th to 16th. Attacking eastward on the
front south of Les Eparges, it drove the enemy from St. Remy 'and Doancmiartin,
broke his last hold on the COte de MIeuset and reached Hattonchatel and
Vigneulles, at the extinme southern point of the ridge. Meanlwhile the
1st Division on the left flank of the 4th Corps, had been approaching tile
same place from thbe south; and by a junction of the two divisiors. -the
tip of the salient was finally cut off. On September 13th it turned
eastward and occupied the line of heights about Hannonville and ThiilLot
with advanced detachments near Doncourt. On Septem-ber 25th the division
participated in the general feint threatening Metz which was carried out
by all front line units east of the Meuse to.divert attention from the
Meuse--Argoxne offensive,

-.30o
-2-

d i v i si o
On October 7t h t h e
n wa s
relievod in the Troyon Sector and
moved to the v icinit y of Ve rd u n i n
r s er v e
e Ar m y
. Tt e n t e r e d the line in
Sthe i'tse-hgonne offensivz' :3 or t h o f V -rcd u n e.n October 18th, relieving
0
the L8r,h Frerch Tn an ry Divisicn. OperatJting uccessively under the 17th
French Arilly Corps &an.i
n thle 2,1 F otlcora'.
h l l C.>rs, it advanced
advanced slow-ly
s3.citv~.y
n^Tnear .~ ~ ~ ^" ,, "A ' **Cps, r it,
no-Theas, anr tb/ e a e a s t eCrco;n-;eri,n btlborn rhsistance, When Hostil
tie- were sulspe:ndfed n
eu wees ' l Nr;!I,-*.e>-r r.i:.t~h, it held the line from Ville-devant-
Chaumont south t,o a poii+ naaPI 1e ilrauma,
in NJovenbe- l., I.< ,-,he di..h.1slor" proceeded to the 8th Trailing Area,
with headcua: -,e,.
s i;on-,ijrvy ,e-i, In Jrlnu.ry it moved io the Le
I.t
c : on n t e r wh r e
Mans E;mbark a ti Ce e it. remained- until its retulrn to the United
States,
Division headquartars sailed from Brest on March 27, 1919, and
arrived at Boston Apr4l 4, 15919,
The division had five .om-iianding generals as follWws:
Maj. Gen. Clarence Edwards (ae^-ned) Au.g, 22, 191'17 - Oct, 24, 1918;
Brig. Gen. C. H. Cole' (,ter-norary) , Oct. , 1917 - Oct. 31, 1917; Bri"
Gen* Peter E, Traub (tenpcrary;, Oct. 31 to !o;embler 11, 1917; Brig. Gen.
FrankE,/"-bir
Bamford 11 1917 Brig Gen
Frank E. B a m f o r d - ctober 24, 1.918 to Ncvember 16, 1918,
O(tonlpoi
and Maj. Gen. Harry C. Hale (apsigned), iKv-fo-rr..er 16, 1918 t, Mlarch 27, 1919,
During operations the division taok 3,143 prisonersi Its casualties
totalled 11,325.

COMSAT SERVICE, 26TH DIVISION.

(1) Chemin-des-Damrnes Sector France, 6 Feb. - 21 Ibar,, 1918.


101st Infantry.
lO d '}
103d
13ld t
104th - '
101st Machine Gun Battalion.
H
lO d n n
t
103d 8
1OLst Field Sinal Battalion,
103.s En ineers,
o101st Field Artiillery,
102d t n
l0od e . rt
(2) Toul (Boucq) Sector, France, 3 Apr. - 28 June, 1918,
Samne as in W1),
(3) Chateau-TThb.!ierry Sector, France, 10 Jul. - 14 Jul., 1918.
Same as 'n I),
(4) Champagne-Y--arne defensive, France, 15 Jul. - 18 Jul., 1918.
Same as in (W) *
(5) Aisne-MB-arne offensive, France, 18 Jul. L 25 Jul., 1918,
Same as in (1), except the three
regiments of Field Artillery,
and the 101st EniJ.neers,
(6) Aisne--Marne offensive, France, 18 Jul. - 4 Aug., 1918,
101st Field Artillery4
102d rt n
103d '
(7) Aisne- lar-ae ffensive. France, 18 Jul - 3 Aug,, 1918,
lQlst Engineerso
(8) St Mhihiel .offensive, France, 12 Sept, - 16 Sept., 1918.
Same as in (1).
(9) vroyon Sector, France, 17 Sept 7- Ou*.ct , 1918.
Same as in (1);
(10o) Moeuso--Argonne offensive, France, j.8 Oct. - 11 Nov, > 1918,
Slame ax in (1)

Revised to(3-29-i23 6-4-21


RPL-egm -cw
-31-
i}.\sa ;3ea tt <4.l

JP
3Il, j.' re
rrcear'd ia the Hiettical Brncih, War Plans Div-i`on, Gbnrral Staff
whoo authorities foF fiatu'! ofUi^I Goeoje arI invoitred,
^f a" h3
*I^HE; TWENT'i-S\EVEITHI DIV ISIONTI

(National. Guard, Insigia; A red border d black circle with the letters
NYD in monogram and surrounded by seven starS placed as in the conQ
stellation of Orion*)

Th6 Twenty-seve-th Division was organlized in September, 1917, at Gamp


Wadsworth, Solth' Caro . lna, from Ne+aional Guard troops of New York.
'Tihe orga, iz tbio, n aais a s f o l lows:
.E3d Inlan^y b -ig-ad;:
.05 Gh Ltnd J]0 hItnfantry} 105th Machinecgun Battalion,
54th 13 ifarntlrr BrA ga_ 9de:
iC7uh ar.d 1.J38t0h Infantry; 106th Machine-gun Battalion,
52d ^,;llr Bri3 gaee
3C4th and l' >rn (I.ght); 106th (heavy) Field Artillery,
ic2d 13-Ch iTNch ;rtar 3atteryo
104th Lvao'.i.ntgn Battalion.
102d. ,faip s -
10?lC c ei S;gnal. Battalion,
Tra.ins ,
The fir-t -ait of tCe division arrived in France May 7, 1918; the
-last element 4uly 1^ * 918.
For trainin p;-.r?.,se,. th'e division (l ess artillery) was attached to
British unrits in thc Oa. ;trncrt cf thaQ Sor-ne until Julny 3, 19184 For the
same purpose the aruille *y br cgade vrn' Io. Cfmn de Souge there it reinained
>
until Auggst 30O, 1918, 7. i, ever served with the 2'7th Dlivision in Frarce, but
participated in the Mouto-A-SJor.e Offensive, Septemne'r 26, to November 11,1918.
On July 3, l1i1, 'he division pr-coodid to BElJ.gium tnder the British 2d
Army, w ere fIor fur- h&i; tirai i.^g uuuits w3re brigaded vith troops of the Brit-
ish 19th Corps in the D)ickelbtusl;h lckre a.nd Scherlsnl.erg sectors southwest of
Ypre6 from July 9 to iuguELt 23, 1918+ On Aulgus`-3, t relieved the British
i%
6th Divi.sion in LinR s2u-bhwwst of Ypres, anld pbxticipated in the Ypres*Lys
Offerslve froum Alrguat ?". to Se op teinei 2, 1918, in th3 battle before Mt,
Kerr.njel. Or. 6ep-comber 3, it rwas withdrawn fromn the line, and proceeded to
the Esatuquesna .A'ea-near Beauval,
Fr-o Sapemiber 24? t-) OItober 20, 1918, the division participated in-the
Somme Offens-ve no-th of Saint Qunrtin in the ?,d A.4merican Corps, operating
with th^e r.ri'Ajs:l i-rry against the Hindenburg Linr.,
AS,; The outetanding
featurbC of _hio operation were, t'e severe fighting in the vicinity of Guille-
mont Fer-ne, Qur;?inienc-t Ferme, gzd Gouy, Sep-te ber 27th'and 28th, and the
battle cf La S Rirrver October 17 to 20', 1918.*
!..l<
The divsinn was, wi.tndrawn -fromline October 21st, and proceeded to the
Corbie Area 7titE HEad-qua.t es at Corbie. On November 23d it moved to the Le
Mans Ernbarkati onl Center preparatory to its ret'lrr to the United States,
Duriilg operations tne division took 235Y prisoners* and its casualties
totalled o^.3 -
Division HIeadquarters suiled from Brest on February 26,- and arrived at
New York 'on Mirch 6f, 1919 -
Thee d ivis.;ion hiad three commanding generals as follows
Maj, Ge:1n John F. O'Ryan (assigned), Aug, 25, 1917 - April 1, 1919;
Brig, Gen. Chas. L, piillips (tump,) Sept, 19t 1917 - Dect 5, 1917, and
Dec,.22, 1917 ^ Dec, 28, 1917; Brig, Gon, Robt, L Mlichie (temp,), April
29, 1918 * June 5, 1918 .
B.;ATTLE PICIPATO'N OF 27TH DIV,
(1) Dickebush Lake and SW apenberg sectors, Belgium, 9 Jul, ^ 30 Aug4 1918%
*or ganizations participatin g.
10b5th Infantry 102d Engineers
< 104-th Machine*gun Battalion
106th t
1
n 105th
101th
>
}08th lC5th '
102d Field Signal Battalion
(2) Ypres-*Lys Offensive, Belgium, 31 Aug* r 2 Sept, 19184
*Organizations participating,
Same as in (l)n
(3) Somme Offensive, Frange, 24 Sept '* 20 Octt* 1918*
Orgatizations participating:.
Same as in (1).
(4) Meuse-,Argonne Offensive, France, 26 Sept# 11 Nov*.r 1918
Organizations participating:
104th ,' 105th, and 106th.FA,
RPI/egm
7/30/204 R-vi..ev 1, t 6-14-21
gm-rsttwv
-J-e
Pr;-epared inl thN Histcrical Branch, War Plans Division, Goneral Staff
wheore auithrcitios for statomontG aro on filo,lnoitod, ooets ari

.THE TWE4TY -El GHT1_DI VI SIOI t

" ) ((National Gua-d, Insignia:' ed Keyotone)

The Twenty-eirrhth.-Division was organized in September, 1917, ati


Canip Hancock, ;Ga,..:froim- National Gucrqd troops of. the State of Pennsylvania#

The organization twas as follows:

55th Infantry 3Brigade


109 and 1l0 Tnfantry; 108th IMachline Gun Battalion*
5 6th Infantr y Br i;;ade:
.in:6h ard 3.12th Infantryf 109th iiachine Gun Battalions
107th 'achiine Gun Battalion
53rd Field Artillery Brigade
107th and o9th 'light); 108th(heavy) Field Artillery;
1036d Treach Mortar BatteryA
103rd Engineers'
103rd Field Signal B5ttalion*
Trains*

The first unit of the divisaion to go overseas arrived in France viay 140
1918; the last element, June 11, 1918*

For training purposes the division (less artillery) was attached to


the 34th r13rltish nDivj sicn outh of Saintnorne, where it rsmained until
June 9th, The division proceeded to the vicinity of Paris June 13th) where
it was att(ched to vren1;h vroops for further training,, For the same purpose
the Artillry Brig.pde vert to Camp eucon, It rejoined the division in
Auust,7 1t918, and rwmained TJitlh it until. October*- 1918, w;hen it passed to
the reserve of the Fi.r.st Armyr Artilleryt It later participated with the
91st Division in the Ypres-Lys offensive, October 29 to November 11, 1918#

Fromn June 30th to July 27th, 1918, ele ents of the division were attached
to various French and American divisions op0eAating in the Chateau<Thierry
Sector, and participa+ted in the C'lamrj-^gne-}Warne Defensive, and the Aisne-
Marne Offensive, In thie lat ,er operation the division for the first time
entered the line as a n-nit, relieving the 3gth Division (French), on July
28th, ayid remainin-g in linoe until relieved by the 32nd Division on July 30,
1918 #

On August 7th the division relieved the 32nd Division in the Fisies
Sector and participated in- the Oise-Aisne Offensive from August 18th to
Sep'teinrer 7t1, durirg which' oprat;.ion severe fighting was &bcountered in
the advance north of the Voesle Riter*

From Septoember 8th u.ntil September 19th the division was moving to the
Argonnet,. where it took oQver tho sector extending across the Airo Valley, and
in front of the Argonne Forest, ?on the mo7ning of Septembar 20th, excepting
the outpost line which was hold by the French until the night of S.eptember 25-
26, in the fleuse-Argonne Offenrsive the division was heavily engaged from
Septemnber 26th to October 9th, in vwhich operation the capturee of Varennes
Mortblainville, Apremont, Ie -Chl-no Tondui and Ch0tielChehrxy wgere the out-
standing features The division was relieved by tho 82.nd Division on
October 9th, and .proceeded to the Thiacourt Sector, Toul, which it held
from October 16 to November 11, 1918^

During operations the division took 9,21 prisoners and its casualties
totalled 13,980 *

After the Armistice the division remained in the Thiacourt Sector-until


January 9, 19.19 ,when it moved south of Toul with headquarters at Colombeyw
les-Belles, remaining there util the latter part of MIarch wlhen it moved
to the Le Iians Embarkztlon Center preparatory to returning to the United
States,

Division Headquarters sailed from Saint Nazaire April 20,1919, and


arrived at Ne'wport News, May L, 1919,

-3 .>-
28th Division
2d page.

The division had five commanding generals as follows:

Maj.Goneral Chas,*M Clement* ****", ,,Aug.25, 1917 - Sept1l7.


Brig*General Wmf Go Price * v0 , go0 #O t Sept s17, 1917 0-
Oct28*
Brig#General F.W.Stillwell .. + .* J*Oc2ct,2.8 1917 - Dec,5*
*,
Maj General Chas* MLU Cleirent, ,, ^^rrDec5 1917 - Dec.15*
Maji General Chas, He Muir* ,.f .. ^ f *Dec,15
^ l917 - oct*24, 1918*
Maj, General WmX HA Hay*.**, ,*****.***0,Octc24 41918 Ap1l,17 1919,
Maj;General Chas. Ho +s^ , * May 17, 1919*
rApl i7 1919 - MIuir,

OOUBAE SERVICED TWENTYiEIGHTH DIVISIONS


(1) Chfteau Thierry Sector*.
111th Infantry i i , . e.
zJvly 7 to July 14, 1918
-July
112th " * * * ,* 8 to July 14, 1918
103d Engineers*.# # , * ** * aJune 28 to July 14, 1918*
109th Infantry i *** *July 9 to July 14, 1918
It it it it nf 6 It
110th " * **
it
107th Machine Gun Battalionf t * * *
108th - " *
<* t
I t 1 if It
"PIt 1
it

Is It
0O9th (t
n ^ ff it ti f f
103d Field Signal Battalion * * it" If I nt o of ff

I-
(2) Champagueo*arne Defensive * * 0* a July 15 to July 18., 1918*
109th Infantry
t
110th n
lllth "
111th
112th J

107th Machine Gun Battalion


t
108th ^
t t
109th
103d Engineers
103d Field Signal Battalion

(3) Aisne-Marne Offensive * * , , *July 18 to Auga 6, 1918*


Same as in (2)

(4) Fismes Sector i * ***** AUg 7 to Augr 17, 1918.


Same as in (2)

(5) OiseAisne Offensive t * * c * Aug, 18 to Septr 7, 1918*


109th Infantry
110th
t
lllth
112th
107th Machine Gun Battalion
t 108th
n n
109th "
^ 103d Engineers
103d Field Signal Battalion
107th Field Artillery
^ 108th '
109th

(6) Meu.sewArgonne Offensive e ' * , * Sept, 26 to OcttlO, 19180


Same as in (5)

(7 ) Thiacourt- Sector ** * * 4 * % Oct. 16 to Nov 11, 1918


Sanme a in (2)
(8 I Ypres*Lvys Offensive * ' o * * s v 4,* 0 Octs. 29 to Nov. 11t 1918*
107th Field Artillery
108th "-
WIf
109th " a

Revised to 6*10/21
RPL :egmn:cw
P;epared i. tilo Historical Branch, War Plans Division,
Goneral S-oaff,
whors authorities for statoimnts arc on file, Cormonts arc invited.
BRIEF HISTORY
THE TWENT'Y-NINTH DIVISION
(NATIONZ1 GUARD)

(Divisional insignia; a circle bisected by two half


circles reversed
add joined; onewhalf of circle blue, other half
gray)

The Twentydninth DivIison 3 wasg organized at Carp McClellan, Ala.,


under authority of a War Departl:-ent order dated
July 26, 1917* It was
originally cOrMpose o f Na t i o n a l G
' uard units from the District of Coluulbia
and the States of New Je. sey, Delaware, Maryland
and Virginia. Later,
however, the Delaware troops were withdrawn and organized
into pioneer
infantry unitso
'
The following organizations coaposed the division;
57th Infantry Brigade;
113
th 1 1 4 t h I n fant r y; 111th Machine Gun Battalion
58th Infantry Brigade;
11 5
tho 1 1 6 t h Infantry; L12th Machine Gun Battalion
54th Field Artillery Brigade,
110th a n d 111l t h ( l i g h t ) an d
112 t h (heavy) F i e l d Artilleryt
104th Trench Mortar Battery
110th '' Machine Gun Battalion
104th Engineers
104th Field Signal Battalon
Trains
The fir s t e l e me n t o f t h e division arrived in France June
8, 1918,
and the last July 22, 1918# M a n y o f t h e u n i t s l a n d e d i n England b e f o
crossing the Charmel, re
Wi t h i n a few d a ys a f t e r i t s a r r i v a l t h e division proceeded to
the
10th Training Area a n d e s t a b l i shed headquarters at Prauthoy
(Haute Marne)#.
After two w eeks t r a ini n g s o r d e r s w e r e received to move to Upper
Alsace for
the purpose of taking over a quiet sector of the fronts
Fron the 17th to
25th of July the divis i o n w a s stationed near Belfort under
col-nand of the 40th
French Corpss
The oc o u pa t i o n o f the Center sector, Upper Alsace, began on the
25th and w a s c o ap l e t e d o n August 7, at which time conr-rand of the
sector
passed fror the French to the Americanss
On S ep t e l be r 23d t h e d i v i s i o n w a s withdrawn to the vicinity
of
Belfort and ordered t o t h e R o b e r t E s pag n e Training Area'
After leaving
Belfort the division w a s a s s i g n e d t o t h e Aruerican First
Ar4y and ordered
to the area i n wh i c h t h e M eu se - A rg o n ne Offensive was soon
to be launched*
Division Headquarters were established at Conde Septenber
24th. Fron
this.point t h e d i v i s i o n n o v e d north tith headquarters successively at
St# Andre and Blercourt, On October 1st it was placed in reserve of
the 17th French Corps with headquarter at the Citadlel
of Verdun.
The Amferican offensive wvest of the Meuse began on Septerber
26th
an d soon progressed s o f a r t h a t i t s r i g h t w a s exposed t o Ge r ^an fire
fronm
the heights on the east bank. To take these heights was the task of
the 17th French Corpsq then a part of the First American Armiv
On 0ctouer 7th division headquarters noved to Vacherauville, east
of the Meuse and seven kiloreters north of Verdun*
The, 58th Infantry
Brigade was nbw attached to the 18th French Division,
and on the 8th
as a part of t h a t d ivi s i o r,n a t t a c k e d n o r t h frompositions
between Sanog-
neux and Brabant, This attack penetrated the Bcis de Consenvoye. Two
days later, the 113th Infantry of the 57th Brigade
having reinforced the
line, the advance was resumel and the wood cleared,
On October 11 coramand of this section of the line passed
fron the
French to the connanding general of the 29th Division;
but -parts of the
division continued for some days to operate with the French
units on the
right.
By October 16 the line had been pushed forward on the north
into
the Bois de la Grande Montagae and on the north andc
east into the Bois
dtOrnont, It was nocessary to approach this latter wood by way
of Etrayes
Ridge and the Bois de Belleu; and on October 23d the ridge
was taken,
The line now ran from Hill 375 in the Bois de la Grande Montagne# around
the head of Etrayes Ravine, and thence along the northern and eastern slopes
of Etrayes Ridges On this line the division was relieved by the 79th, October
30thl
During the divisionvs occupation of the Center Section, Haute-Alsacee
it was served by Frefch artillery; during its participation in the Meuse-
Argonne offensive it was supported by the 158th Field Artillery Brigades
Upon arrival in France the 54th Field Artillery Brigade was sent to Camp
Meucons It did not participate in active operations and joined the division
after the armistice in the 11th Training Area*
The division captured 2g187 prisoners. Casualties totalling 6 159
were suffered.
After the signing of the Armistice the division was removed to a
rest area with division headquarters at Bourbonne-ies-Bains* The movement
to the emibarkation center for return to this country began April 11, and on
the 14th headquarters were established at Ballon, near Le Mansa Division
headquarters sailed May 6th and arrived at Newport News May 194
Major General Cha6r G. Morton commanded the division from July 6th,
1917, until its demobilizatione

COMBAT SERVICE, 29TH DIVISION

(1) Center Sectors Haute*Alsacef France 25 July a 22 Septo, 1918


113th Infantry
114th
115th *
116th "
110th Machine Gun Battalion
111th
112th
104th Engineers
104th Field Signal Battalion
(
(2) MousevArgonne offensive, France 26 Septh 11 Nov, 1918
Same as in (1)

RPL/cw6/l1/21
-36-*
Preparod in the Historical Branch, War Plans Division# Ganaral Staff
whore atthoritios for statamsnts aro on files Co=mrnts ar' inritod
THE THIRTIETH DIVISION
(National Guard. Insignia: Monogram OH containing Roman numeral
XXX all
, in blue on maroon field)

The Thirtieth Division was organized in October, 1917, at


CGamp Seviert
South Oaroliha from National Guard troops of
Carolina.l Tennessee and North and South

The organization was as follows:


59th Infantry Brigade
117th and 1 1 8 t h Infantry, 114
th Machine Gun Battalion.
60th-Infantry Brigade:
119th an d 1 2 0t h Infantry; 115th Machine Gun Battalion.
113th Mlachine Gun Battalion
55th Artillery Brigade:
113th add ll4th (light); 115th (heavy) Field Artillery
105th Trench Mortar Battery,
105th Engineers
105th Field Signal Battalion,
Trains
The first unit of the division t o go o ve r s e a s a r r i v e d i n F r a n c e Ma y
14
1918; the last element June 24-. 1918,
For tr a ini n g p u r p o s e s t h e d i v i s i o n (less artillery) was attached
to British
units i n t h e Eperlecques Area (Pas-de-Calais) where it remained
1918. For the same purpose until July 4.
0 6 the t h e artillery brigade went to Coetquidan. It
served with * irve
^eS~hT'w^ ^^^ gade went to Coetquidan. It never
neer
the 30th Division in F r a n c e , b u t participated in the Saint
Mihiel
Offensiv Sptembr 12 to 16, 1 9 1 8 , a n d i n t h e Meuse-Argonne Offensive Septem-
be r R& t o i~~obc.r I8,f19 1C wa
brtoSepteo
rmbor 1,
to Septernber 1 t At w a s a l s o i n l i n e i n t h e T o u l Sector August'23
11, msl, and in the Woevre Sector Octobor 11 to Noveimber 8
1918.
On July 4# 1 9 1 8 the division w a s o r d e r e d t o B e l g i u m under the
f o r f Second
British Army, where u r t h e r
training units were brigaded with British
divisions in the. anal Sector southwest of Ypres from July
16 to August 17..
On August 18 the division took over the Canal Sector from the British
holding
this position until August 30, 1918, From August 31 to
September 2 the division
participated in the Ypres-Lys Offensive in the battle before hS j*,Kemmel1
a From September 24 to October 19, 1918# the division
participated
Sorme Offensive in the 2d American Corps, operating with the -4th in the
Brit ish Army*,
The outstanding features of this operation were the breaking cpf the Hindenburg
Line near Bellicourt, and the capture of Bellicou'
and Nauroy, September 29
and 30, the atta'ck from Montbrohain, October 6 to 12 in-which Brancourt, Pre
mont, Busignyl Vaux-Andigny and Saint Souplet were captured, and the Battle
of La Salle River, October 17 to 20t 1918.
The division wa~s w ithdrawn October 20 and proceeded
Amiens, where it remained
to the vicinity of
until November 24, when it was ordered to the Le Mans
Embarkation Center preparatory to returning to the
United States.
During operations the division took 3,848 prisoners, and its
totalled 8,954. casualties
Division Headquarters sailed from Saint Nazaire MEarch 18, 1919, arrived
at Charleston,
. . .
S.C., on April 2, 19190
MI--__
Tne division had six commanding generals as follows:
Maj.Gen. Jo h n F . Mo r r i s o n , Sept.1, 1917 to Sept.19, 1917; Brig.Gen.
William I. Scott, Sept.lS, i 9 1 7 to O c t *l7, 1 9 1 7 ; D*aj*Geno C.P.Townsley,
1917 to Dec22, 1917; Brig.Gen, Samson L. Faison, Dec.22, Oct.17,
1917 to lay 27 1918,
and from Jung 14* 1918 to July 18, 1918; and from Margll,
1919, until de-
mobilization w a s c o mp l e t e . MajGenGeo.W. Read, lay 27, 1918 to
Maj.Gen, Edward M. Lewis, July 18, 1918 to Mar.ll, June 14, 1918;
1919.

**371-
COMBAT SERMVIGEI-3THDIVISION

(I) Canal Sector Belgium 16 July-30 Aug,1918


Organizat i onrs par I;.i clpating:
11'th Tn ant y
n
1 18th
1',(t
C2t.1
120th t
ll^th LMqchine-gun Battalion
7
1.14th
I )

3.0',.n Engineers
105t.1 I Fibe. d Signa)l Battalion,
(21 Ypoa-7.x 3s Offeniiva, Belgium 31 Aug*- 2 Sept, 1918
Organza-t ior.s participating;
Same a3 in (I)
(3) Somme Offensive France 24 .. Sept ^ 20 Oct 1918
Organizations Darticipating:
Satae as in (I)
(4) Toul Seotcr, Frpnce 23 Aug. 11 Sept4 1918
Organ.zation participating:
113-'th Field Artillery
114-th '
115;h
3..3. 5fth
t
"t 't
(5) St* Mibiel Offensive', France 12 Sept* - 16 Sept, 1918
Organizat ions participating;
Same as in ( 4)
(6) Meuse-Argonne Cffensive, France 26 Sept - 8 Oct, 1918
Organizations participating:
I - Same as in (4) 1Oct- 8. Nov, 19 -
(7) Woevre Secto'r Tr ance. 11 Oct < 8 Nov. 1918
Organi z ations 1ar tic pating:
Same as in (4.j: "

RPiLosw
Rovise dA6-1lOl

-38
Prcp;-r. i.-B 11h i .:L .i TBranch, War Plans Division, General :iciff,
- hcro au'%thar i'ios for statomonts aro on file. Comnmonts are invited*

THE THIRTY-FIRST DIVISIOT

(National Grard. Insignia: Red circle enclosing the figure "CC D"
in red)

The Thirty-"first Dirivion was organized in October, 1917, at Camp


Wheeler, Ga,* from .1 u-u,-rd
-ior\x; troops o1 Gaorgiat Alabama, and Florida, and
National Army d11-af te/d ril'.! j-or Illinolis and Michigan.

The organ;j zatit:n '..vasas follows:

63. s; I:Afa' rcry Brig ade:

Kl<st anrd 122d Infantry; 117th Machine Gun Battalione

62.d lnfanrtry Brigade:

123d and 124th Infantry; 118th Machine Gun Battaliono

56th Fi/-ld Artillery Briga'dek

116th ard 117th (light), 118th (heavy) Field Artillery;


\;lO`.h Tret ohi M4ortar Battery .

115th MachiJne Gun Batt-alion .

106tff.h r;;gi.eors*

106th 7ield Signal Battalion*

Trains#

Uni-s of the divisiob sailed overseas in September and October,


1918, the last element arriv.ing lfiFrai-lce Nloverber 91 1918*

Upon ar-rial. .t was denig a.td as a replacerent division The


personr*el of rnoct oif th;e 2n-'ts w a-;W., t,.tnla,-,,. -a. .Ynd sei-t to oth,<3r crganizations,
1ee.v"g tsh-o 3 Divi :1 C^l-) or* d It remained at Brest until 1 t returned
to th Un>it d (d
3;cA I Dki
D^^, . 3

The division' had four conmanding generals as follows:

Jiajs Gero `ranciS tU ;'rr nan(ascigned.\)J,.Aug,25, 1917, to Sept,180


1917} Brig<.Gen, Jb,,hn Lit Hra.
(Peri'ipr ay*) p Se't 18, 1^1 to March 15, 1C1e;
Brigo Cei,'#r.-r.;..
BiancHs u^ (7e-ip^)^'r q,^x-ch 15; 1-91, to Mtay 12, 1918; MajM
Gen, LeRoy S. Lyom(assigned), IVayi1, 1218, to demobilizatiol

Rovisod to 6)/15/
3priseeC. tI GJ-I5 .1 -
RK: iv OW

-39 r-
Pro!?aroc in the Historical Branch,, War Plans Division$ Ganoral Stafft
Warscru aiihhdrities foT suatomonts aro on filo 4 Commnen a.Ie{itod%
BRIEF HISTORY OF THE THIRTY-SECOND DIVISION
(National Guard)
(Divisional Insignia: A Red Arrow piercing a Line)

A__ (>_ _
.
.~~~~~~~~~0

The 32d D i v i s i o n w a s org a n ized at Camup McArthur, Texas, under author-


ity of a 17ar D e p a r t m e n t o r d e r d a t e d J u ly 1 8 , 1 9 1 7 . I t w as composed of
Nationa l G u a r d - t r o o p s f rom^ the States of Ilichigan and Wisconsin.
Th e following organizations composed the division:
63d Infantry brigade;
125th and 1 2 6 th Infantry; 120th Machine Gun Battalion.
64th Inimantry Brigade;
12 7th a nd 12
> 3t h
Infantry; 121st Machine Gun Battalion,
57th-Field Artillery Brigade:
119th and 120th (light), 121st (heavy) Field Artillery;
107th Trench Mortar Battery.
19th Machihe Gun Battalion,
107th Engineers.
107th Field Signal Battalion.
Trains,
The 147th Field artillery of the 41st Division was attached to
the 57th Field artillery Brigade and served with it throughout its
activities,
The first unit of the division arrived in France Feb, 6, 1918,
and the last MIarch 1, 1918, The first casualties were suffered when
the transport "Tuscania0, carrying the 107th Sanitary Train, was
torpedoed and sunk February 5th, fifteen men of this organization
being losts
- Division headquarters were established at Prauthoy, Haute Marne,
on February 24th. The 32d was originally designated as a replacement
division and as such sent many of its members to other organizations,
However, the German offensive bf March 21st and the resulting necessity
for additional American troops forced a change in these plans, Re-
placements were-furnished and the division assembled in the 10th Training
Area preparatory to taking the field as a combat unit. After four weeks
spent in this area, the division was ordered to the quiet Haute Alsace sec-
tor, The movement to this sector began May 15th, and on the 16th head-
quarters were established at ILa Chapelle. On the 18th the Firench troops
in the sector were relieved and the division for the first time took over
front line trenches, which were held until July 21st,
On July 26th .the division was assembled near Verberie, in the
neighborhood of Soissons, as a re<^,rve of the 10th French Army, From
this point a move was immediately made to the region of Chateau Thierry,
and upon arrival the division was placed in the 38th French Corps,
6th Army, and latert Augist 4th, in the 5th American Corps , The Aisne--
Marne offensive..was by-this time in full swing and on July 29-30th
the 32derelieved the 3d Division in the vicinity of Roncheres, northeast
of Chateau Thierry# The Comrianding General of the 32d Division assumed
command of battle zone at 11:00 A. IM, July 30th and at 2:30 P,*M
the same day an. ttack waxG launched in which the Bois des Grimpettes was
taken and the 'edge of the Bois des Cierg;es gained.s On the night of
the 30-31st of July the 630 Brigade of the 32d Division relieved the
28th Division on the Ourcq River extending the zone of action to the
left toward Sergy. The attack was renewed on the 31st and the vil-
lage of Cierges captured, Here the advance was stopped by strong
resistance from Reddy and Bellevue Farm. An attack on Augu.st 1st
gained Bois de la Planchette and Hill 230, and forced the enemy to
abandon Bellevue Farm- The German forces were now rapidly withdrawing,
and on August 3d the division pushed forward to the Vesle River and
captured the town of Fismes, at which point it.was relieved August 7th.
The division wab next assembled in a reserve position.between the
Ourcq and Vesle where it remained for a period of ten days, when its#as
again ordered to the vicinity of Soissons for duty with.the 10th French
Arm<, then engaged in the Oise--Aisne offensive,
The 127th French division was relieved August 27th north of
Soissons and approximately 2 kilometers due west of Juvigny, In an
attack which began on the 28th.the railroad tracks west of Juvigny
were reached and on August 3Gth thetown itself captured. The advance
.continued'* and on the day following, the division reached the Terny.*
Sorny--Bethancourt road, At this point the 32d was relieved September
1--2d by the 1st Lroroccan Division.
It was next sent to a rest area necr Joinville and remained at this
place until Septem-ber 20-b10 'when it a-ain started north to join the fth
Corps for the coiming el.;se- rgonne Offensive4 The 32d1 Division, from a
position in Corps Reinerve, south of Avocourt, moved up and relieved, on
the night of the 29-3'0ch- and the morning of the 30th, the 37th Division
south of Ciergejs i'n the vicinity of I;ontfaucon, andl movred forwajrt driving
the enemy north. On the night of October 3-4th part of the Division relieved
the 91st Division in thle vicinity of .Gesnes, The latter village was im-
medizately entered, but no attempt was made to hold it as it was under con
stant shell fire. On October 5-th the Bois de la 'arinle vwJas taken and from
this point the attacl. swurng to the north and the Bois du Chene Sector was
captured. Here the advance r.as tempor-rily halted by strong resistance
from Hills 255 anc. 269., During the night of the 7-8th of October the
Division side-slippad to the east, giving up 2 kiloime,eters of front in the
west to a brigade of the 91st Division, and taking over 1 kilometer from
the 3d Division on the right. On the 9th of October the Division attacked
and reached the Krienihilde-Stellung, Cote Dame M.arie and Romagne, where it
made preparations for a drive through. On Octoberi 144b. tihe Krinomhilde-
Stellung was penetrated, Cote Dame t.tarie and Romagrc, being c-aptured and
the Bois de Chau-rignon entered, making an advance of 2 kilometers, The
Division slowly and stead1ly advanced in the Bois de Bantheville until it
was.relieved by ihe 89th Dirvision on the night of the 19-20th of October.
The division followed in the wake of the 5th, 89th and 91st Divisions,
as a reserve of the 3d Army Corps, with headquarters successivel.y at
Romagne and Aincreville, Tlhe 128tlh Infantry raentered thn line November 6th
as a unit of the 5th Division operating-east of the lh.euse, in the vicinity
of Dun-sur-Meuse. On the night of the 9-lOth of November the remainder
of the Division cros.ed the i;.euse and entered the line att-acking on the 10th
in the vicinity of Brandev-lle and Peuvillers; on the morning of the llth -
a continuation of the attack was halted by the signing of the ,rmristice,
During operations the division captured 2153 prisoners, Its
casualties totalled 13,392,
On November 17th the Division began its march from Vilosnes-sur-
ijLeuse and on December 1st crossed the Sauer River and entered Germany as a
first line unit of the 3d ;rmy, It-was assigned a sector in the Coblenz
Bridge-head with a front of 30 kilometers. iHere it ramained until April,
when the various units began entraining for ports of embarkation. Division
headquarters sailed from Brest, April 27, 1919, and arrived at New York
May 5th.
The divisiorn had four cormmanding generals as followrs:
Miajor CGeneral James Parker, A.u',u, 26 - Sept, 17, 1917; raj or -eneral
e
W.illiam G Haan, Sept, 18, 1917 - N6v, 20, 1918; 1IajorFeneral ,illiam
Lassiter, Nov. 20, 193.8 - iApril 2.,r 91:9, and iMaajor C-eneral illiam G. Haan,
Apr-127, 1919, to date of its dernmbil',ization,.
ChiBT Sii .ERVICE,32D DIVISIONO
(*) Haute-Alsace sector, Alsacet France, , : 18 iay 21 July, 1918,
125th Infantry
126th
127th "
128th "
119th Machine C'tn Battalion
12 Oth " '
m2st " "
107th Engineers
107th Field Signal Battalion
(2) Aiste-IMiarne Offensive, France, 30 July - 6 Aug< 1918,
Same as in (l)
(3) Oise-Aisne Offensive, France, 28 Aug. - 2 Sept., 191J.
Samine as in (l)
(4) Imeuse-Argonne Offensive, France, t& Sept, -11 Nov., 191.
Same as in ^ r )

Revised to 2-2-21
RPL-egm
prolprod in the Historical Branch, War Plans Division* General Staff/
whero authoritios for staftownts aro on filoe Couente are:invited:

^in T1'hil-Y'iH1RD DIVISEIO0N,

(National Guards Insignia: A yellow cross on a black circle*)

. 'ao
_ _r0 W

The Thirty-third Division was organized at Camp Logan, Texas, in


July, 1917, from National Guard troops of Illinois, The organization
was as follows;
65th Infantry Brigade;
129th and 130th Infantry; 123d Machine Gun Battalion,
66th Infan 'ry Brigade:
1331st and 132d Infantry; 124th Machine Gun Battalion,
58th Field Artillery Brigade:
l22d and 124th (light) and 123d (heavy) Field Artillery;
108th Trench Mortar Battery.
122d Machine Gun Battalion.
108th Etgineers.
108th Field Signal Battalion,
Trains*
The first unit of. the division arrived in France May 18? 19L8;.
the last June 15v 1918.
For the purpose of training the division (less artillery) was sent
to the Huppy area near Abbeville where it began instruction with the
British* On June 5th it moved.to theiEu area, and on June 20th-21st
advanced into the Amiens sector where certain units participated in
severael active operations. On July 4th two companies of the 131st
InfEantry and two companies of the 132d Infantry took part in the'attack
of the Australians on Hiamel, In the Somen offensive the 131st Infantry
played a prominenit part in the attack on Chipilly Ridge and Jressaive
Wc.ods
On August 23d the division was transferred to the area of the First
American Army in the Toul sector and was concentrated in the vicinity
cf Tronville-en- BarroiNv On September 5th it begEan its movement to the
Verdun sector where it relieved the 120th French Rivision and the right
regiment of the 57th Frfench Division on the nights of September 7th,
8th anmd 9th.
At the opening of the Meuserw Argonne offensive, the 33d Division
formed the right of the Third American wormy Corps. Its line ran from a
point southwest of Forges, east to the Meuse River approximately 10
kilometers- north of Verdun. From this position the division attacked
on the morning of September 26th and captured Forges and the formidable
Bois de Forges, In its position facing the Meuso, it continued for the
next eleven days to act as the pivot of the American attack between thant
river and the Argonne Forest*
On October 6th the division was transferred to the 17th French
Army Corps operating east of the Meuse as part of the First American
Army, In the general attack which occurred in that sector on October
8tht the 33d Division was placed astride of the river. This necessitated
the construction an the 8th, under constant shell fire, of two bridges,
one at Brabant-sur-Meuse,, the o.ther at Consenvoye, and the forcing-of the
passage under direct observation and ;fire from the enemy on the heights
east of the Meuses This operation was successfully accomplished by three
battalions of infantry and two mfachine gun companies frorm the 33d 3Division
which thereupon formed the left of the French attack and by nightfall
reached their objective south of the Bois de Chaumes On the following
day these units continued their advance to the road running from Sivry-sur4
Meuse to the Villeieuve Farm, but at dusk a powerful attack delivered
awainst their ri*et flank forced a retirement to the `rranch4e du Cable
just south of thl Bois de Chaume, Reinforcements were irmmediately despatched
across the river and by an attack on the morning of October 10th regained
all ground lost, which was subbequently held notwithstanding that the
right flank remained exposed for four days,
The division was relieved in the Verdun sector by the 15th.-rench
Colonial Division on the nights of.October 20th, 21st and 22d. and proceeded
to the Troyon-sur-heuse sector in the quiet St , Mihiel salient relieving
the 79th Division, A number of important raids were carried out and on
November 10th Marbhbville, the B3ois d'Harville and other portions of the
enemy defense syst;em were captured*
Throughout its operations the division was never served by its opwn
artillery, On thie British front its operations were supported by British .
and Australian guns. On thG 'Verdun front it had the cooporation of the
52d Field Artillery Brigade (27th Div.) v:.Ix. 3> '8t*'ihiel region the 55t;h
Field Artillery Brigade (30th Div ) -was attached to it, and so continued until
relieved by the 58th Field -Artillery Brigade, in January, 1919* The latter
organization twas separated from the division at Camp Logant Texas, and did
not reach France untl aboit, the middle of June, 1918* It immpdiately went
into trailing-at Crnans and Valdahou On August 20 it proceeded to the Toul
sector in support of tho 89th Division' and on the 28th was attached to the
1st Division and suppo;ted if s attiack at Sts Uihiel, Zuring the Meuse-
Argonne offensike i-i was first attached to thQ 91st Division, but, upon tho
relief of- the latter on October ?, tho Brigade remained in support of the
32d Division. On the l it wras withdrawn to tho area of Villo*susur
ith
Cousances for rest and refitting, but ion the 24th wont back into the line
in the same sector and waso again assigned to the 89th Division which it
supported until active operations were terminated by tho armistice on
Novrember 1.1, 1918*, On thaot date the brigade was in the vicinity of Stanayt
where it romainod until January 4J 1919, when it began its march to rejoin
the 33d Divisio,1
During active uperations the division captured 3987 prisoneras It6
casualties totailed 72.55^
On December 8, 1918, the division commnced an advance which carried
its leading brigade across the Moselle into Rhelish Germanyi During this
movement it was attached ttthe Army of Occupation, but upon the revocation
of. this disposition on December 15? it was withdrawn west of that river and
established in the northern part of LuxembuEtrgi, with headquarters located
at Diekir-chb, There it remained until the latter part of April, 1919# when
the movement to Le Mars was begun preparatory to returning ;to the United
SiateOb Divtsion Headquarters sailed from Brest on May 9,- and arrived, at
Hoboken on Ty 17, 1919<
The division had one commnding generalt. Major General George Bell,
Jro, August 16, 1917 to demobilizationr

COMBAT SERVICE, 33D DIVISIONS


(1) Amiens sector, France 1 July - 7 Aug., 19186
129th Infantry
130th "
131st t
132d J-t
122d Machino Gun -Battaltin
1 "I33d ,.
if
124th ^ t
:108th Engineers
' 108th. Field Signal Battalion
(2) Sommne Offensive, France 8 Aug. 20. Aug.r 1918.
Same as in (1)
(3Y Verdun Sector, France 10 Sept. J 25/ Septu 1918
Same as in (1)
(4) St, Mlihiel Offensivo, France 12 Septs 14 Sept.t 1918*
122d Field Ar+illery
123d ' ' t
t
- 124th "
(5) meulse-Argonne Uffensivoe France 26 Sept - 23 Oct,, 1918*
Same as in (1)
(6) Meuse Argonne Offekaivy, France 26 Sept, 11 Nov* 1918*
Sa, as in (4)
(7) Troym-^Secto, France ,26 Oct. 11 Nov. 1918o
Same as in (1)

Revised tto 616 21


RPL: egmcs . 4 L3"
Prc p rce' i th^
hn Hi i;- ^icil r: nch, *r^r P l nr, i \v; si.n,?Gontral StFC.
awhero c.u'thri-iiu; f..r stc.tuIt'nts are on fil . C - ir.cn-Qs arc invitCod,

TE THIRTY-FOURTH DIViSION,

(National Guard. Insighia: black oval "olla" encircling B red


buffalo skull.)

The Thirty-fourth Division- was organized in October, 1917, at


Canp Cody, New Mexico, from National Guard troops of Minnesota, Iowa,
Nebraska, and North and South Dakota*

The organization was as follows:

67th Infantry Brigade:


133rd and 134th Infantry; 126th Machine Gun Battalion,
68th Infantry Brigade:
135th and 136th Infantry; 127th Machine tun Battalion.
59th Field Artillery Brigade:-
125th and 126th (light), 127th (heavy) Field Artilleryl
109th Trench Mortar Battery*
125th Machine Gun'Battaliont
109th Engineers
109th Field Signal Battalions
Trains4

The first unit of the division to go overseas arrived in France,


September 29th, 1918, the last element, October 24th, 1918*

UpDoy arrival the division was sent to the La brede Area (Gironde)
with headquarters at Castre.s. Here it remained under instruction
until November, 14, 1918, when, having beun designated as a replace-
ment division, it was sent to Le lvans. Here i41 was skeletonized, most
of its personnel being sent to other organizationsl Headquarters and
the -division permanent cadre returned to the United States via
Bordeaux in December, 1918*

The division had four commanding geenerals as follows,

Brig Gen. F**MN. Mauldin (temporary) Sept* 18,1917 to


Dec 10, 1917.
Maj.. Gen- A-P Blocksom (assigned), Deco 10, 1917 to
May 9, 1918.
Brigs Gene FB*BM. Mauldin (temporary), May 9, 1918 to
July 2, 1918
Brig, Gen. John As Johnston (assigned), July 2, 1918 to
Oct. 22, 1918*
Maj Gen, Bteaumont B. Buck (assigned) Octt 22 1918 to
Oct. 26, 19'13.
Brig. Gene John A. Johnston (temporary ), Oct. 26, 1918 to
Nov. 16, 1918*

revised to 3/29/121 .
R$ Tegi
ACT

- A-
l c n
'i-,- w:u'':' 'i
;;ile; : F-l-~r i c Branch, War Plans DiviEin, Cu-'lcln Sataf,
hU.. autltritios for otatemonts are on file. Comments are invited
THE THIRTY-FIFTH DIVISION,
(National Guard. Insignia: Santa Fe cross within two circles of varying
colors, the outer one divided into four arcs.)

Th e
Thirtywifth Division was organized at Camp Doniphan, Fort . il,
Oklahoma, in September, 1917, from National Guard units of
Missouri and
Kansas,
The organization was as follows*
69th Infantry Brigade:
137th and 138th Infantry, 129th Machine Gun Battalion.
70th Infantry Brigade;
139th and 140th Infantry; 130th Machine Gun Battalion,
60th Field Artillery Brigade.
128th and 129th (light); 130th (heavy) Field Artillery;
110th Trench Mortar Battery,
128th Machine Gun Battalions
110th -Engineers.
lOtL Field Signal Battalion,
Trains*
The first unit of the division arrived in France May 11. 1918; the
last element June 8, 1918*
For trainin purposes the division (less artillery) was sent
to the
vicinity of Eu(Somnme) where it remained until June 8, 1918& It moved
to
the vicinity of Epinal June 11, and on June 30 it moved to the
Vosges, where
it was brigaded with the French in line in the Gerardmor Sector,
Command of
the sector passed to the Commanding General, 35th Division,
on July 27. The
artillery brigade trained at Camp Cootquidan. It rejoined the division in the
Vosges August 14,
On
August 31 thie division was relieved by units of the 6th American
Division, and 131st French Division, and proceeded to the Fortt.
de Haye west
of Nancy for the concentration'preparatory to the Saint Mihiel
Offensive, in
which operation it was in the reserve of the 1st Army,
on
September 1 5 t h e division was placed under the tactical control
of thie Second French Army, and moved to the Naives-devant,-Bar
area with
headquarters established at Passavantwen-Argonne on September
18, On Sep-
tember 19 it moved to the Vraincourt--Auzeville area with
headquarters at
Autrecourt* On September 23 it relieved the 73d Division, French,
in the line
in the Grange-leComte sector,
In t he
1euse -Argonne. Offensive the division attacked from September 26
to October 1, capturing the towns of Vauquois, Varennes, Cheppy,
Charpentry
and Baulny. On October 1 it was relieved by the 1st Division, and proceeded
to the Vavincourt Area arriving October 5a
On October 14 it relieved the 15th French Colonial Division
in the
Somedieue Sector, where it remained until November 7, when
it was relieved
by the 81st Division. The artillery brigade remained in line supporting the
81st Division until the armistice* It rejoined the division the latter
part
of January,l919, The division proceeded to the Saint Mihiel
Area with head-
quarters at Conmmercy. On Mlarch 9, 1919, it moved to Montfort (Sarthe) re-
maining until April 5 when it proceeded to Saint Nazaire preparatory
to re-
turning to the United States*
Du r i n g
operations t h e division took 781 prisoners. Its casualties
totalled 7,283.
Division Headquarters sailed from Saint Nazaire on April 8,
1919t
and arrived at Newport News, Va.,, April 20, 1919.
The division had six commanding generals as followrs:
Major General William M. W..right (assigned), Aug.25, 1917
April 6,
1918, Brigadies General Lucien G. Berry (beraporary), September
18 1917
December 22. 1917; Brigadier General Charles I. Ilartin (temporary)
December 22
1917 January 4 - 1918; Brigadier General Charles I, Martin (temporary). April 6.
1918 - May 15, 1918; Brigadier General N.FMcClure (temporary),
1 9 1 8 ; Ma o r G e n e r a l P e t e r E June 15, 1918-
July Z, j . T r a u b (assigned), July 20,. 1918 - Decemibr
26, 1918; Brigadier General Thomas Be Dugan (assigned) December
26, 1918 -
. March 25, 1919, and Major General Wllilliam M. Wright (assigned)March
25,1919-
May 14-, 1919*

*45-
we2 r*u
COMBAT SERVICEJ 35TH DIVISION
(1) Gerardmer Sector, Vosgese Francet ' 6 July 2 Septi , 1918*
137th Infantry
138th
t
139th
140th "f
128th Machine Gun Battalion
M
129-th n 1
tr ,
130th
110th Engineers
110th Fiild Signal Battalion
(2) CTerardnier Sector, Vosges, France 14 Augo -2 Sept*, 1918.
128th F.A*
12? oh
130th "
(3) St.Mihiel Offensive, France 12 Sept.0 16 Septo,l9180
Same as (l) and (2)
(4) MeusevArgonne Offensivet Francoe 26 Sept - 8 Nov*.#1918
Same as in (1)
(5) Mouse-irgonne Offensive) France 26 Sept. 11 Novo,1918,
Same as in (2)

Revised to 6^16^21
RPL:.egm:,cw
Prepared in tho Historical Branch, War Plans Division, Genaral'Staffw
invited#
whore authorities for statomlenta are on file, Comments aro
BRIEF HISTORY UF THE THIRTY -SIXTH DIVISION
(National Guard)
(Divisional insignia an arrowhead with the letter "T"
superimposed)
* :.

Camp Bowie, Fort Worth, Texas,


The. Thirtyrsixth division was organized at
July 18, 1917. It was com-
under authority of a War Department order dated d
Te x a s a n Oklahoma. Just
posed of National Guard troops from the States of by the addition
was brought up to vre- strength
prior to embarking the division
the two States,
of several thousand National Army men from
Its composition was as follows:
71st Infantry Brigade:
Gun Bn*
141st and 142nd Infantry: 132nd Machine
72nd Infantry Brigade:
Gun Bn*
143d and 144th Infantry; 133d Machine
131st Machine Gun Bn,
61st Field Artillory Brigade:
13L s t 132nd (light) and 133rd (heavy) Field Artillery
lllth Trench Mortar Battery*
lllth Engineers.
111th Field Signal Battalions
Trains * May 31st, 1918 and
The first units of the division arrived in France
the last August 12 1918*
of the artillery
Immediately upon arrival all units# with the exception
of Barwsur"Aubej where
vicinity
were sent to the 13th Training Area in the
were established on July 27q The 61st Field Artillery
division headquarters
call b
Brigade was detached and sent to Coetquidan, an artillery training
Brittany where it remained throughout the period of hostilities 26th at Which
The division was stationed at Bar-sur-Aube until September
a nd
time it
et
oved by rail to- the area b we
en E perna y an d Chalon s established
tho Marieo Here it remained ten days#
headquarters at Pocanoy, Department of attached to the Fifth
as a reserve of the French group of Armies of the Center#
French Army for purposes of supply* Meuse-Argonne Offensive was
To the north, only a short distance, the
and the Meuse was being
under-way* Tie American attack between the. Argonne
just to the west# In the
aided by the Fourth French Army in the Champagne attack and on October 3d
latter'sector the enemy stubbornly resisted every with which the 2nd American
the 36th was transferred to the Fourth French Army,
Division was already serving, from the
began moving
On the night of October 4th units of the division
Pocancy AArea to the nioinlty of Suippes and SommeoSuippes*
night of.,
The 71st Brigade began the relief of the 2nd Division on the
Sty Etienne and
long between
October 6 on an irregular line about 4 kilometers
headquarters were immediately
Medeah Farm facing generally north. Brigade 5, kilometers northwest of SoMnMOPy6
established on Blanc Mont, approximately of October 8 with troops of
The 71st Brigade attacked on the morning ar. operat ion
. Tho attack was a phase 1 of
the '2nd Division acting as --r,- . ,erves
-1 I" - __- &,b. ^ vA +hA allied 'nes to Msachault
by the 2nal 11th and 21st French G;orps evuo am, toszic -

The line2s fluctuated, but the day's operation netted the brigade
and omide
band Semideo The line^^ ^ ^ s^S wrels drn the days
Sixtywsix o f f
i c e r s
and 1227 menwere lost during the day
a substantial gain. d n
of the ivisio moved from the Pocancy
In the meanwhile, the remainder
completed the red
Atea to the front and on the night of October 9 these units
2 n d Division the artilleryof the atter division
lief of the infantry of the
remaining in support of the 36th Divisions The command of the sector passedntr
X
to the- 36th Division at 10 A.M. October 10 An attack of the 142nd Infantry
failed that afternoons However, the. 141st succeeded in
north of St. EtieMn
advancing its lines some 500 yards# Brigade passed through the 71st
Between 5 and 6 o'clock P.M. the 72nd
and attacked in the direction of Iachault and Cauroyo The attack resulted in
advance.
or
The following m ni
n g t h e e n e my began h ds
retreat to the
a slight
north in the direction of Dricourt and Attigny The 72d Brigade took up the
pursuit and lively rear guard actions followed between St Etienne and Machault,
which resulted in the encircling
of
the latter town and thL estrablishment of
lines to the north of it,
Th
e fo
llowi n g d a y the brigade pusheI forward to
of the Aisnale from
Hill 167 northwest of Vaux CGhampagnes overlooking the vtlLjyout to the canal.
patrols were pushed
Attigny to Givryt from which positions
o47#
northern bank of the Aisne
The enemy was strongly entrenched on the
a crossing. The 71st Brigade
and had taken every precaution to prevent 73d Trench Division
the front of the
went into line on the 13th, taking over
s line at.this time ran along
to the east of the 72d Brigadss The dirision
kiloingters from the Aisne* No further
the slope of Hill 167 approximately 4
h
the 231 le n the strong Foredt Farm
atterpts to advance were made until bein$a either killed or captured*
wvas stormed and taken, the entire garrison
and was completed on Oct-
The relief of the 36th began on October 26
in the Suippes-Somme-Suippes area
ober 28* The division was then assembled
arsa and established heads
and frgom this po.nt moved to the Ariaucou-t
vntdl the signing of the
quarters at Conddy-en-arroist . Here it ramainstr PArmy,# In the MTeuses
armistice terras as a unit of the First America..
f51.3total g were suffered
Argonne (Ch5ampagne) operation ass 19178
from th division
S September 10,
Th( 111th Engineers was detached
.stAir~erican Army Corpsr As such
and assigned as corps Engineers to the St*Mihial and suse-Argonne Ofensis
this organization participated in the to the
hostilities the division moved
Shortly after the conclusion of and established headquarters at.Cheney&
16th Training Area around Tonnerre
element started for a
Here it remained until April 26, 1919, when the first
port of enmbarkation for return to this country#
Division headquarters sailed from Brest May 23 and arrived at Ner York
June 4, as f alows:
The division had three different commanding Generals Dsc*."1917*-Aug#2
Greble, Aug,23-Sept.17,191 7 and
BrigaGent EaSt John nltensivO 11aj*Gen*lWiiam Re s
(hi)organizata'
1918; Brig*Gen- George Blakely; Sept.18ADec,5r1917;
Smith, Aug3ylg918 to date of demobilization, and none in quiet ones.,
The division spent 23 days in active sectors
2528 casualties*
It captured 549 prisoners and suffered
an rie"tNwYr
l42, COMBAT SERVICE, 36TH DIVISION

12 Sept. - 16 Septos918
(1) St*Mihiel OffensiveFrance
111th Engineers
26 Sept, 11 Novo, 1918
(2) Meuse-Argonne Offensive Frauce
Same as in (3)
(3) MeusewArgonne Offensive (Champagne)
France' 7 Octe - 26 Octal 1918
4l1st Infantry
142d 6
143d at
144th n
131st Machine Gun Battalion
132d " "
133d "
111th Field Signal Battalion 1918
Offensive,France . 2 Nov* : 11, Novi.
(4) meuseLArgonne
same as in (3)

Revised to 6-17"21
RPL: o;w ,-_
Prepared ill the Hlistrical Branch, War Plans Divisi.n, General ,taff,
where authorities for statorsents aro on file, Conimonts aro Invited,

THE THIRTY-SEVENTH DIVISION*


- (National Cuard)
(Divisional insignia; a red circle with a white border)

*- o - . .

The Thirty-seventh Division was organized at Camp Sheridan, ala,,


under authority of a War Department order dated July 18, 1917. It was
composed of National Guard troops from the State of Ohio supplemented by
National Army men.
Its composition was as follows:
73d Infantry Brigade:
145th and 1A6th Infantry; 135th Machine Gun Battalion,
74th Infantry Brigade:
147th and 118th Infantry; 136th Machine Gun Battalion,
62d Field Artillery Brigade: -
134th and 135th (light), 136th (heavy) Field Artillery;
112th Trench Mortar Battery.
134th Machine 'Gun Battalion,
112th Engineers,
112th Field Signal Battalion.,
Trains
The first unit of the division arrived in France June 18, 1918, y;nd
the last July 21, 1918, All elements, with the exception of the artillery,
were immediately dispatched to the Bourmont (Hauto iviarne) hrea for
preliminary training.. For-te same purpose the artillery wils sent to
Camp de Souge, near Bordeaux, It never rejoined the division during the
period of hostilities,, but participated''in the Meuseo-Argonne Offensive,
serving successively with the 4th American Corps, Second Aunerican Army,
2d Colonial Army Corps (French) and the 17th French.Army Corpse
The division remained in the Bourmont Area until the latter part
of July at:which timne it entrained for the quiet Baccarat Sector in the
Vosges, On August 4th front line trenches were occupied for the first
time, The division was relieved in this Sector September 16th,
From Baccarat. it moved to the area around the town of Robert-
Espagne and after a rest of four days- proceeded to Recicourt, department
of the IvMeuse, Two days later the.first elements of the division moved
north to join in the Mouse--Argonne Offensive, soon to be launched,
Division. Headquarters were established at Verrieres-on-Hesse Farm, four
kilometers south of Avocourt,
The division vwas now a unit of the 5th Army Corps and on the night
of September 24-25, took its position for the initial attack on a front
of a little over three kilomneters running east and west, and just north of
PAvocourt From this line the division moved to the attack on the morning
of September 26th, and rpId4ly advanced its lines during the first two days,
The western edge of Montfaueon was entered by patrols of thd 37th Division
the night of September 26th, The tswn of Ivoiry was captured on the 27th,
but on the 28th the resistance stiffened and the division was forced to
extend itself to the utmost in ita advance through Bois Emont, Bois de
Beuge and to the Bois de Cierges, On October l1st it was relieved on a
line just south of Cierges and retired to Pagny sur-Meuse,
After a brief rest it was transported to the St,. lihielSector and
headquarters were established at iDuvezin. In this sector. tie division took
over a line extending from the Bois de Hailbot, alonig the nar-iern
edge of the Bois de la Fvontane and Bois de Charey to the s ut ern edge
of the Etang de Lachaussee, -Althouglh the sector was normally quiet the
division was subjected to a heeayyand continuous bombardment from the
moment it entered. It was relieved in this sector, on October 15th, and
again moved to Pagny-sur-Meuse,
On thie extreme left of the Allied front the Ypres-Lys Offensive
was under way, and to this region the 37th was next sent, On October 22d
division headquarters were establishwed at Hoogledge, Belgium, and the
division was attached to the French Sixth Army, under command of General
de Boissody, the'group of armies being commanded by King Albert of Belgium,
From Hoogledge successive moves were made to Lichterrvelde, MeIulebeke and to
Denterghem, On the night of October 29-30 three kilometers of the front
were taken over along the Courtrai-Ghent railroad, just across the Lys
River, with Olsene approximately in front of the center, On October 31st
an attack was launched from this position, and the enemy was forced back

L,
Scheldt Rivers*
to the Cruyshautem ridges, about half way between the Lys and
acrotes the river
Here he attempted to make a stand but failed, and was driven
On November 2d thle crossing of the Scheldt was effected; on
an the sare day,
and held against
the 3d a line was established onlthe east bank of the river
numerous counter-attacksa
The division was relieved on the 4th-5th and retired to Thielt-front,
Another
and on November 9 headquarters were established at Chateau de Huysse,
and Heuvel# fif-
crossing of the river, this time between the villages of Asper
division came
teen kilometers from GThent, was the task assigned tho 37th, The
it approached the river; nevertheless a crossing was
under a heavy fire as
effected on the 10Ith and on the llth the eastern bank was securely held by the
Americans. The advance continued until 11 o'clock at which time the division's
and Hundlegem.
lines extended as far east as Dickele, ZwvartenbroeV Keerkem,
During operations the division captured 1495 prisoners; its casualties
totalled 52434
east;
After the./signing of the armistice the division started moving
orders were received to turn back, and on
but just before reaching Brussels
at Hondschoote, France, Detachments of
December 7- headquarters were located
in the entry of King.Albert inrorBrussels.
the division, however, participated
to Le Mans
From Hondschoote the 37th next moved to Wormhoudt and thence
to embark for this countury
York March 23,
Division headquarters sailed BMarch 15 and arrived at Now
The division had three commanding generals as followst
G*
Brig.Gen. William Ro Smith, Aug,25 - Sept*3, 1917; -Maj.Gen.Chas.
and IMajoGen. Chas. S. Farnsworth, May 8,
.Treat, Sept,3, 1917 - May 8, 1918,
to date of demobilization.

COIMBAT SERVICE, 37TH DIVISION


France, 4 Auto o16 Septo 1918*
(1) Baccarat Sector,
145tli -Inftantry n :
- 146th: "
t
147th '
'148th -: " . .. ' .. .

134th Maohnle Gun Battalon


13 5th - ":' ' ** *" . . . . . ...
1
f36th - "
; 112th Engineers , -
112th Field Signal BattAlion-
: 26th Septe 3 Oct, 11918
(2) Meuse^gArgonne Offensive, France, . i
S'ame as in -(1)
*7 Oct. .16 Oct. .1918
(3) Pannes Sector- St Mihiel Franco
Same, as in (l1
^7 .hf;:.SuctorFr<nc .. . o . .
,(4 Mb
-i134th Field. Artillery 12 Octoa - 23 Oct , 1918
135th t " 12 Oct' -- 23 Oct*, 1918
- 13i6th - t . t' 12 Oct W -. 31 OGtv, 1918
(5) MeuseArgonne Of fensive, Frae,
- 134th Field Artilllery 28- Oct*- -11 Novo, 1918-
28 iOcti .11t Nov,. 1918
135th -
f 3 Novo - 11 Nov,1918
1-36thh . . .
31 Oct* w 4 NovE, 1918
(6) Ypres-Lys Offensive, Belgium
Sarne as in l) -
9 Nov, -a ll Novel 1918
(7) Ypres-Lys Offensive, Belgium, .
Same as in (il -

Revised to 6-11-21
KPLgem w ; i.
' ..*: .; - . * * ;-- - ** 50#
jvrrudl i, the H1ifsti'iclee Branch, ltabr Plany -1eips a corel
Gt. Si;lifC,
where ^r>d,.rti^ -for statements aro on fileo Commonts aro xwvitorl
THE THIRTY-EIGHTH DIVISION.

(National Guard. Insignia: Shield in blue and red upon which is super-
imposed the letters CY. in monogram.)

The Thirty-eighth Division was organized in August, 1917, at Camp


Shelby, Mississippi, from National Guard troops of Kentucky, West Virginia
and Indiana.
The organization was as follows;
75th Infantry Brigade:
149th and 150th Infantry; 138th Machine Gun Battalion.
76&th Infantry Brigade:
151st and 152d Infantry; 139th Machine Gun Battalion.
63d Field Artillery Brigade
137th and 138th (light), 139th (heavy) Field Artillery;
113th Trench Mortar Battery.
137th Machine Gun Battalion,
113th Engineers,
113th Field Signal Battalion.
Trains,
The first unit of the division to go overseas arrived in France
September 28, 1918; the last element October25, 1918,
Upon arrival, the division (less artillery and engineers) was sent
to a training area southeast of Nantes with headquarters at R4z4.
The 63d, Field Artillery Brigade and Ammunition Train went to the training
center at Meucon, and the 113th Engineers to construction work in the
Advance Section, SO.S., with headquarters at La Trecy near Langres,
Early in November the division, having beend*signated a replacement
organization, was ordered skeletonized, All the infantry and machine gun
units and the Supply Train were ordered to Le Mans where the personnel
was used as replacements and distributed to various divisions. The
permanent cadre of the division returned to the United States in December.
The division had two permanent and several-tbmporary commanding
generals, as follows:
Maj. Gen. Vim. H. Sage (assigned) Aug. 25, 1917 to Sept. 19, 1917,
and December 11, 1917 to April 14, 1918; Brig. Gen, E. iL Lewis (temporary)
Sept. 20, 1917 to November 5, 1917; Brig, Gen& H. H. Whitney (temporary)
Nov, 6, 1917 to Dec' 11, 1917o (Generals Lewis and VJhitney served during
absence of General Sage in France.); Brig. Gen. "W V, Judson (temporary)
April 15, 1918 to July 9 1918; Brig. Gen. F. MJ, Caldwell (temporary)
July 10, 1918 to Aug. 29, 1918; Maj,'Gen, R. L. Howze (askged Aug, 30,
1918 to Nov. 11, 1918, when Division was skeletonized,

RPL-egm
11-3-20 - Revised Jan, 15, 1921,

-51. -
Preparo1 in tHio Ht-ric.:l -Branch, 17ar Plans D.aisi-n, I;onoral 3-affF
where al"uthlrries for 8tatoren-t are on filoa Cormonts are invited.
THE THIIRTYoNINTH DIVISION*

(National Guard, Insignia: Greoen triangle, point up*

The Thirtyaninth Division was organized in September, l9171 at


Cawp Beauregard, La,, from National Guard troops of Louisiana, Mississippi,
and Arkansas,

The organization was as follows:

77th Infantry Brigade:

'.3r. and 154th Infantry; 141st Machint Gun Battalion.,

78th Irfantry Brigade:

155th .n5l l^th Infantry; 142d Machine Gun Batteuon.

64th Field Artillery Brigade

140th and 141st (light), 142d (heavy) Field Artillery;


114th Trench Mortar Battery*

14Oth MlIachino Gun Battaliono

1l4th Engineers,

114th Field Signal Battalion

Trains5

The first unit Wf the division to go overseas arrived in Franco


August 12# 1918; the last elzont September 12, 1918,

Upon arrival the division was sent to the St. Florent Area south"
west of Bourges where it was designated as a roplacement divisioni In
November it moved to St4 Aignank and the personnel of most of the units
was withdrawn and sent to other organizations leaving the 39th Division
skeletonizedo With one exception the units of the division did not
participate in combat operations, although a large number of the personnel
was transferred to combat divisions$ and took part in operations* The
114th Engineers participated as a unit in the Mousoe Argonne Offensive
from October 3 to IMoveimbor 11, 1918* The 39th Division permanent cadre
returned to the United States in Dccombert 1918*

The division had two commandipg genorals as follows:

Maji Gen Henary Co Hodgest Jr, (ass ignedo AugiS, 1917 to November
11# 1918; BrigGene Ira A. Haynes, (temparary) Sept* 17, 1917, to Sep-
tember 30, 1917, and Nov, 27, 1917 to Feb* 26, 19l8'

Revised to 6*15w21l
RPLscw
Proparc^ l. i -inho ;s-is 1-:.cJL Br- zch, war .L.s Div.siro n, Gtn-Our-.1 -iitf
rt;riu -uthcritios for statomonts' are on filoo Cormnants aro iirvNtle_
1
'we a;*rvnw;ad-. ms nj c,,;f>

9j/ational Guard Insignia; Representation of the oun in gold on dianrod


-feld of blue.)

The Fortieth Division was organized in Septormbor, 1917, at Carap


MeYxico,
Ke&rxnyt Californiat from National Guarsd trooips of California, Newr,
Colorado; Arizona, Utah, and Nevada,

The orgeanization was as follows:

79th Infantry Brigade:


157th and 153th Infantry; 144th Machine Gun Battalion.
O30th Infantry Brigade;
159th and 160th Infantry; 145thMabfane Gun Dattlionu
65th\Field Artillery 3rigade:
143d and 14-4th (light), and 145th (heavy) Field Artillery;
115th Trench Mortar Battery*
143d Machine Gun Buttalion.
115th Enzineeras
115th Field SidLal Battalion,
Trains ,

unit of the division to ge overseas arrived in France


The first
Auvst L2, 1913; the last element LAugiut 31, 193'3,
6s Engineers
Upon arrival in France, the divisipn fe Artillery,
3att&aion) .was ordered tQ la Guerche leXame
(Gher), and a
and Field Si-nal
replacoment division, The 65th Artillery ;rigade was sent to the training
'The 115th Field Si;nal i3attalion, and the
area at Camp de Sou-e (Gironde)'.
in the
115th En,ineers were detached from the division and parti.ipated
2d Army in the Toul Sector during October and Novembarc,
operations of the
.'v-s transferred to the 1st Army
4 1913 Sarly in November the division
Depot, w'ith hvbd^qarteqr established at
as a iRegional Rieplacement
Revigny (Meuse).
to the United States in February,
Division Headquarters.returned

The division had three commanding generals ae follows;


Major i;en. F. S. Strong (assi-ned) Aug* 25, 1917 to April 20, 1919;
Sep. 17, 1917 to No 19, 1917;
Brir, Gqena Geo. H. Caneron (temporary),
Brig. Gen. Loe Roy S, Lyon (temporary), Nov. 19, 1917 to 1ov. 22, 1917,
and Dec. 5, 1917 to Dec. 7, 1917; Brig. Gen. Geo. H. Cameron (temporary),
Nov. 22, 191i to Dec. 5, 1917,.
Battle participation, 40th Div* '
115th Field Signal B3attalion, Toul Sector, France,
16 Oct. A 11 Nove,, 1918,
115th Engineers, Toul Soeotr, France,
4 Oct, - 11 Nov,, 1918*

RPIcwt, 11-24-20
hPLTeAm 12-17020
JiP0aL tc, in -<SS Historical Branch. War Plans Division, Ge1ner0l SJtarf
whero eAthorities for atatomonts aro on file. ComGonnts are invitoled

THE FORTY-FIRST DIVISION,

( National Guard; Insignia: setting sun in gold on red and blue field.)

The Firty-First Division was organized in September 1917 at Camp


Greene, North Carolina, from National Guard troops of Washington, Oregon
Montana, Idaho, Wyoming,'North and South Dakota, Colorado, New NMexico
and
the District of Columbia.
The organization was as follows:

81st Infantry Brigade:


161st and 162nd Infantry; 147th 'Oachin-e Gun aLttalion,
82nd Infantry Brigade;
1 63rd and 164th Infantry; 148th Machine Gun Battalion*
66th Field Artillery Lrigade:
147tch ( light ) 146th and 148th ( heavy ) Field
'Artillery; 116th Trench Mortar Battery4
146th Machine Gun Battalion
116th Engineers
116th Field Signal Battalion.
Trains*

The first unit of the divisior to go overseas arrived in France,


December 27, 1917; the last element Feb. 6, 1918. Upon arrival the division
was designated as the 1st Depot Division, and was ordered to the St*Aignan
training area, The 66th Field Artillery Brigade (less 147th FA.) was
detached and after a period of training at Camp de Souge and Libourne
it vas
attached to the 1st Corps July 1, 1918, This brigade performed duty as
corps
and army artillery througholut its service in France, and was actively
engaged in the Champagne-Marne Defensive, .the Aisnle-Marne Offensive,
the
Sty Mihiel Offensieve and the Meuse--Argonne Offensive, After the armistice
it was assigned to the Army of Occupation in Germanyt
The division ( less 66th Artillery Brigade ) remained in the St ^
Aignan area until Feb, 1919 when it returned to the United States#
The division had ten commanding generals as follows*
Maj. Gen, Hunter Liggett,(assigned), Aug* 16, 1917 -Septo 19, 1917;
Brig. Gen, Henry Jervey, (temporary), Sept, 19, 1917 * Dec# 6, 1917:
Brig,
Gen. Go,. LeRoy Irwin (temporary), Dec.* 5, 1917 - Jan, 23, 1918: Brig,
Gen.
Richard Coulter (temporary), Jan. 23, 1918 - Feb. 14, 1418.: Brigs General
Robert Alexander (temporary), Feb. 14, 1918 i Feb. 27, 1918; Brig,
Gen,
Robert Aleixander bars 11, 1918 - Aprr. 13, 1918 : -;-ric* ban, Robert Alexander
(temporary) Apr' 24, 1918 - Augw 1, 1918: Brig, Gen, Edward Vollrath (temp-
orary) Feb. 27, 1918 -Mar, 11, 1918: Brig. Gen, Wm. S. Scott ( temporary)
*Aug, 10, 1918 - Oct 24, 1918: Maj. Gent John E, McMlahon,(assigned),
Oct* 24,
1918 - Nov* 7, 1918: Brig. Gen. Eli Cole, U.S.M.C (temporary) Oct, 28,1918 a
Dec, 27, 1918: Maj* Gen, Peter E. Tramb (assigned), Dec. 28, 1918 -Feb.
21,
1919tl

Battle Participation, 41st, Division.


(1) Champagne-i-arne Defensive, Franice ... ' V- a . .. 15 July -18 July, 1918.,
Organizations participating:
14kth F.Ax
148th FA,
(2) Aisne--Marne Offensive, France .,..,......, ...18 July - 6 Aug, 1918.
Organizations-same as in (1)
(3)St. -Mihiel Offensive , France, ,,..... .,., I12 Sept, -16 Sept, 1918.
OrGanizations-Same as in (1)
(4) 'euaSe--T.gonne Offensive France '... *.. . - 26 Sept, - 11 INov, 1918,
Organizations- same as in (1)

R - CS . . .
AR C-AS:
IZ/LO/2 0 .ovisod to 3/30/21
PL: ogmn
1
in tt hec9Hi isti'c
-'rt'Pprl<.r' sa Branch Wa r PlansDivisi;n Gonoral Staffn
woro authori ^T frr statomonts aro on filoo C~nnjonts aro invitod*

TiE FORTY-SECOND DIV^tION

(National Guard. In ignia; Part i-colored quadp:i repre senting part of


a-rainbow-,

ooO o--

The Forty-second Division was organized in'August, 1917, at Camp Mills,


New3 York. Its personnel was composed of Nation|* Guard troops from twenty
six S tates and the' District' of Columia Indivigxl en'istments and later
replacements broought inlto the organ iation re"pr' tatives of practicaly
ever-yqStats in the Union, thus ma.ing this divisiom a truly composite, all-4
Am erican vu.nit '
The orga
,ni.zation was as follows,
8Sd I nanty Br`igade:
165th and 166th Infantry; 150th Machine Gun Battaliono
84th infantry Brigade:
167th and. 168th Infantry; 151st Machine Gun Battalion#
149th Machine Gun Battal .ion.
67th Field Artii.lery BriJhgAde
.1t'h~ and '151t; Ilight), 15Cth (heavy) Field Artillery; 117th
T.rsnch ,lortar Bawterya
17-7V'? Eng^r aers .
117th i'ield Signal Battalion*'
Trai-ns*
The first unit ofi th4e division to go overseas arrived in France Novembor
1, 19317; the.,last elem.lnt Decnmber 3, 191-7
For training purp.,o. eq the-1 divisio-n (less artillery) was sent to theA
Vaucouleurs Area, and "tl'.an to thE P*Ri.m~uconurt anid 1olarneot Areas, succ6ssively-
For the same, parpo:e the axtil13.8^5- b-igPdoe went to Coet qu dan, rejoining th6
diVisicn on Rhe iRolampont. A-Qa tho middle of Febua.,ry With the exception
of thres short periods when1 it supported thle 4+t,350., and 2d; Divisions,
successively, the arti,1jery brigade served continiously with the 42d Division
througholutVoperation-*
To complete its training the diviision was attached to the French 7th
Army Corps in the Luneville Sector, february 21, 1918, ard its units par-
ticipated:.in ras of major and minor importance} and tbhe routine of trenoh
warfare On Marh 3lSt, th}e3 d:1.vision took over the Baccarat Sector reliev-
ing the ; 128th Divi~sion (FrPnch) i lines On Juine 21st, the,-division was
withdrawn and proceedd to the east of Reims 2 where took part in the
;.-t

Champagrne;4a-Mrne De e:sive n Athe Fcurth French Arft.y tuner General Gouraudr


The divrision occupied +,'the ;3upport line' but the Gercax) attack of Juily 15th
penetrated the front--1 ).ne positions3 esnabbliJng the divis~iconts artillery,
and a part of its infant y to become actiivrly engagpd in the operation.
On July ;7th. the d.visioLon was withdrawrn and prnceeded to the Vicinity
of Chateau Thierry. JLvuy 2ryh to AiTUgrust 3d, 19.1.8, trne division parti-
cipated 'in the Aisne-Marle Offer.3ei-v ,3 as part of the lst Army Corps,
capturing Croix Rouge Form- -aad Sergy,- and engaging in other severe fighting
at ths crossing,-. of the'Ctirc(.,,
In the Sta Mihiel Of fensive, Septe -ber 12 to 16t 1918, the division was
in the attacking 1fne of the 4th Arm.n*y Ccrpf^ It remained in front line
position in the Eissey and Pannes Scicto.r Until September 30th, when it was
withdrawn aid mo-ved -to the region south of Verdun, and beca lme part of the
*reserave'sof the First Army.
;' In the-Meuse-Arronne Offernsive, the division relieved the 1st Division,
5th Army Corps, in frcnt line. nor-th of Exermont on October. 13, 1918. Oi
4ctober l4th and 15tr tnhs'division attacked and captured Hill t88, Hill 242,
TUiierie Fermu and t h.Cot; de Crlat'illbn, .thereby breaking through, that
part; of the'Hi'rdenburg J.ino- knowzi as the fKrienilde StellungS, .On October
,31st the division was rfslieved by the 2d Division and passed to reserve of
the Ist Army Corps# On November 5th the division again attacked from the
>
line Verrigres-^Briueull<E-sl-r-r Bar , and captured the; heights dominating the
Meuse and Sedan on Novel1erC 7th. Q0 November O10th the relief of the
division by the 77th Division was co4pleted.
During operations the division took 1317 prisoners and its casualties
totalled 13,'919-
After the armistice the division was assigned to the Army of Occupation
and began its march on November 20th, The'first troops of the division
crossed into Germany on December 2d Headquarters Wvere established at
Ahrweiler and remained there until the division returned to the United
'States .

55
Division Headquarters sailed from Brest on April 17, 1919, and arrived
at \TQw York on April 26, 1919,
The division had five cmrnmanding generals as follows: Miajor Gene W. A.
Mann, Sept*170 1917 to Decl4, 1917; Maj*GenoCharles T, IMenoher, Dec15,
1917 to Novo10, 1918;,BrigGen Douglas. MacArthur, Nov&lO 1918 to Novr22,
1918; ,Ma;jGen, C A.F.Flagler, Nov.22, 1918 to April 8, 1919, and Maj,Gen*
G.WRead, April 9, 1919 to April 17 1919,

COMBAT SERVIC 2 **IVISION


COMBAT SERtVIC1, 42D) DIVIESION^

(1) Luneville Sector, Lorraine, France, 21 Feb. - 23 Mar*# 1918


165th Infantry
166th "
167th "
1 68thh
149th Mac hine Gun Bat-ellon
tf
150th ' if
tf n
151st It
I149th Field Artillery,
150th " "
15.st
1S "
117th Engi.neers*
117th Field Sign-al Battalion#
(2) Baccarat Sector Lorraine, France$ 31 Mar6 21 June, 19180
.Same as in (15
(3) EsperanceSouain Sector, Champagne, France, 4 Jule 14 Fult , 1918,
Same as in (Ij
(4) Champagnermlarne Defensive, France, 15 Jult -17 Julo, 1918*
Same as in (l)
(5) Aisnelwviarne Offensive, France( 25 July w 3 Aug.,j 19180
165th Infantry
166th "
167th "
166t-fh 1
149th Machine Gun Battalion
150th t '
151-st " ,,
117th Engineers
117th Field Signal Battalion
(6) Aisne-Marne Offensive, France 25 Jul. 6 Aug., 1918,
149th Field Artillery
150th " t
151st " I

(7) St.Mihiel Offensive, France 12 Sept* - 16 Septa, 191r


Same as in (1) 83
(8) Essey and Pannes Sector, Woevre, France, 17 Sept* - 30 Sept. t 1918,
Same as in (1)
(9J MMeusevArgonne Offensive, France 1 Oct' -11 Nov., 1918.
Same as in (5)

Revised to 6-11^21 -56 -


RPLllrw
?rt]B,-' ,'a
-. ''hi Hi-'t. i ;Branch, .
j-2.r Plans Divsiu,^ ^, ^^ ror
v-hury^ aiuE> -"TI . for statomnnts aro ov to* oiorx,.onts are iinvictu.
THE SEVblp \\Tr-T
-TXLATH DIVISION.

(National Army4 Insignia: Shield with red field and white chief: charged
in the field with a pine tree ond in chief with a white cadency
label,)

The Seventy-sixth Division was organized in September, 1917, at ,a-ap


Devens, IMass., from drafted men from Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Mass-
achusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut and New York,
The organization was as follows:
151st Infantry Brigade;
301st and 302d Infantry; 302d Machnine Gun Battalion,
152d Infantry Brigade:
303d and 304th Infantry; 303d Machine Gun Battalion,
151st Field Artillery Brigade-
301st (light), 302d and 303d (heavy) Field Artillery;
301st Trench Mortar Battery,
301st Machine Gun Battalion,'
301st Engineers.
301st Field Signal Battalion,
Trains.
The first unit of the division to go overseas arrived in France,
July 10, 1918; thae last element August 8, 1918, Upon arrival the division
was designated as the 3d Depot Division, and ordered to an area south of
Bourges with headquarters at St. Amand-Mont-Rond, where it was broken up,
training cadres were formed and the perennnel wras used as replacements for
units at the front, The artillery brigade trained at Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dome.) The 301st Engineers was detached from the division and
assigned to duty with the 4th Corps under which it participated in the
St. Mihiel offensives The 301st Field Signal Battalion was detached
and assigned to the 6th Corps under which command it participated in
combat operations in the Marbache Sector until the armistice. Upon com-
pleting its training the 151st Field Artillery -Brig&de (less 301st F,A )
was assigned to the 2d Army. On arrival in the advanced zone it was
attached to the French Secon" Colonial Corps in the Troyon Sector, On
November 5th it passed to the French Seventeenth Army Corps and as
corps artillery supported the action of the 33d and 81st Divisions until
the armistice. On November 13th it passed to the American 4th Corps,
Headquarters and the division permanent cadre returned to the United
States in December, 1918,
The division had two commanding generals as follows:
MIaj. Gen. Henry F, Hodges (assigned) Aug, 25, 1917 - Nov. 27, 1917;
Brig, Gen. WTm.Weigel (temporary), Nov. 27, 1917 - Feb. 13, 1918; Maj, Gen,
Henry F. Hodges (assigned), Feb. 13, 1918 - Nov, 11; 1918,

BATTLE PARTICIPATION, 76TH DIVISIONO

301st Field Signal Battalion:


(1) Marbache Sector, France,- 25 Sept. - 11 Nov., 1918,
301st Engineers;
(1) St. Mihiel Offensive, France, 12 Sept. -16 Sept., 1918.
(2) Toul Sector, France, 17 Sept. - 11.Nov., 1918
302d Field Artillery:
(1) Meuse Areonne Offensive, France, 5 Nov. - 11 Nov., 1918,
303d Field Artillery;
(1) Mouse Argonne Offensive, France, 5 Nov. - 11 Nov., 19l8,

Revised to 3-21-21
APL-egm I 7-
prCpcarfE . in the HistGorioal Branch, T(lar Plans Ii)is v on, nG
C ral StL.ff,
r.ho rc a-iAh1ri;ios for st to o nta Gro on fl oa CO' lrl;!tij
,ar invited,

THiE sEViNDTTY- sEV.EN'ITHm D1i : .SIO

Facsimile of Statue of Liberty in gold against


(National Army. Insignia:
a blue sky,)
t
, ^ ^ 0 . -

in August, 1917, at Camp


The Seventy-seventh Divisi.on was organized
drafted men, the majority
Upton, N.Y, It WAS composed of Nattional Army
,.an Distra-ct .rn parti(,Ulpar.
being from New York State, and the Yetropoli The organization
of the country,
The minority were drawn from all sections
was as follors;
153d Infantry Brigade:
Gun Battalion.
*3005th a..nd 305th Infantry; 305th Machine
154+h Infantr Brigade:
'1.0 7th anrl 3 Seth Infantry; 306th Machine G.un Battalion.
152d Field Ar+;.illery Brigade-
Field Artillery;
3a:th and 305th (lighlt),36th (heavy)
zC'?d Tr.ench Mlvor-Cor Battery..
304th Riach.:,n. Cun Battalion,
30)2-i E.ngir, e; ,,s
302d Field Si-nral Battalion,
12, 1918;
The first unit of the division arrived in Franea April
the last, May 12, 1918" was attached to
Fox purposes of training the division (less artillery)
the 39th Britil Bl.vision in the vicinity of aperlecqes (pasrde-Calais).
was scn-,t to C-amp de Souge near
For the sme ipu.:lpores the artillery briGa Sector July 12, and
Bordecailx. I; rcjoirwed the division in the Baccarat
'On June lslh the division
remained with i iu throughout combat oporaions. entered the line in
Vosges, and on Juno 21st
proceeded tb train to the
with the FronnhcA r,it 1USt 4 thit
On was
f
the HBaccarat Secto 'fr,-denl
o e
t7tDivision, and marched to le Charme where it
relieved in line b the arda.,
entrained 'utrust 6th f or the Ch'a.teau-rllnierry
relieved the 62d French oandtheth
On August i2thr the divisi7 n
a line south of and parallel
Americar D;vision3 in the Vesle Sector onthrough
Dales St , Th'ibaut and Ville-
to the Vesle River from Mont Notre
direction of Fismes, a front of approxi.mately five kilometers,
Savoye in the
Au-rust 1l'th, but it was not
The Oise-Aisne Offensive commnenced on
the enemy helan to retire, that an
until the first days of September, when
advance wAvs made by the division, On September 4, h the, hesle was crossed
taken, "When the division was-re-
and Bazoches, Fismes and Perlez were
by Italian troops the line ran from
lieved on the night of September 15-16
southeast to a point south of Glennese
Vieil-Ar~cy through Villers-en-Pray res
the Airgonne Sector, and on
From the Vesle the division rabved to The
at G.vry-en-Argonne.
September 18th headquarters were established left flank corps of the'
which was the
77th was assigned to the Ist Corps, flant of the corps
to the left
lot Army. In turn the 77th w.ao assigned
sector. Its line ran fro; Q point north of La Heazoe southeasteand
lometers with the Argonne Forest directly
east for a distance of seven
irn its front,'
called for an advance
The plan of the IMleuse--Argonne offensive
77th Division f or the purp Me
by the troops on 'the rik~tt and left of the
of flanking the forest, thus permitting the both bo advance, In the
initial attack of September 26th it advawnced rapialy) hut opposition
-the assiatance,o+fered on both flanks
stiffened on thevth, and ever. with The
became increasingly di.f'inult.t
the problem of forcing the forest tenderbrush wrhich
aRad
division fomught its way through hteavy wonds,
that al forded thle enc-tny many
covered a terrain oI hills and ravines
On October 2dl, ?>I7 co..a~pnies of tile 308th
obstacles and naturn: d'fenses.
nal became isolated
Infantry advanced farther than the flank units surround~ed, these
11rill, kl-thoujlrh
from their qommf.and near Charlevaux
held out a-~air-st every hardship until
troops refused to surrender, but
9ih, the division began to emerge
relieved on October,%,7tho On the
St, =uvin
from the forest, and in the 11th, the Mire River ap re~htd,
severe fighting on Oetoter 14th,
on the rii-,-t of the line was entered after the morning of Oo-tober
and entered
and Grand-Pre on the left was attacked day left the coi.-lete cap-
16th. The relief of the 77th Division the same,
ture and consolidation of the town to
the relioving unit, the 78th Div.ision.
&2 -2

From October 16th to 30th the Division occupied a rest camp in the
Air;onne Forest between Granld-prd and St Juvin,
On the night of October 30-31 it relieved part of the 82d Division
on a line just south of Champigneulle preparatory to the general PdvPnce,
which took place November 1st. Stubborn resistance was encountered in the
vicinity of Champigneulle, but.aftcr this town fell on November 2d,
pursuit was rapid, and little resistance was nm.et, After reaching 'Stonne,
the advance turned to the northeast, and on November 6th the IHeuse River
and the heights overlooking Sedan were reached On November 9th the front
occupied by the cdivision extended from Pont-Maugis three and one-half
kilometers south of Sedan to Mduzon, a distance of approximately eleven
kilometers,
During operations the division captured 750 prisoners; its casualties
totalled 10,497.
After the armistice the division was sent to the 9th Trailing Area
with headquarters es-tablished at Chaeteauvillain, Here it remained until
it returned to the United St-ates. Headquarters sailed from Brest on April
17th, and arrived atr'-New York April 25, 1919#
The division hlad four comnilcanding generals as follows:
Maj. Gen, J. Frankli.n Bell (assigned) Aug. 18, 1917 - Mar, 28, 1918;
Brig, Gen. Evan M. Johnson (temporary) Dec. 1, 1917 - Mar, 4t 1918, and
liar, 28, 1918 - clay 8, 1918; .Iaj. Gene Geoo Bo Duncan (assigned), May 80
1918 - Au., 16, 1918; Brig. Gen. Evan M. Johnson (temporary) Aug, 16, 1918t
ABg. 27, 1918'; lajj Gen, Robert Alexander (assigned), Aug. 27, 1918, to
demobilization,

BATTLE PARTItIPATION, 77TH DIVISION.

(1) Baccarat ;Sector, France, 21 June - 4 iug,, 1918.


305th Infantry
306th t
307th "
3D8th "
304th Machine Gun Battalion
305th I' s
306th A t t
302d tnlineers
302d Field Signal Battalin
(2) Baccarat Sector, rrance
304th field Artillery, 12 Jul 4 6.
'Au t 1918,
305th . n 10 Jul,
n
4 Aug.,, 1918,
306th Ad 16 Jul, 4 Aug, 1918.
(3) Vesle Sector, France, 12 Aug7. 17 Aug,, 1918,
Same as in (1)
(4) Oise-,Aisne Offensive, France, 18 Augs - 16 Sept,, 1918.
. Same as in (l) and (2)
(5) Meuse--Argonne Of Xensive, irance, 26 Sept., lt'i t.o
, t 1918.
Same as in (l) and (2)
; * . ;. -n . . I ! . ., _I,
f ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
,'

Revised to Feb. 28, 1921


RPL-egm

Rovieod jtJun- 14,1921


RPL:ow

-59"
Prjpjror' i;n -;h Histrin,.1 Blerach, W<x PJans Division$ Gcunri.rl S-tnaffa
whoro authorities for statomtonts Efre alo Connonts aro invitody
THE SEVENTY- rr; T DISI
DII'E ON,

(National Army. Insignia; A lichtning flash in white diagonally across


a red semicircle*)

The Seventy-eihth Division was organized in August, 1917, at Camp


Dixt N.J,, from National Army men of New York, New Jersey and Delaware,.
later supplemented by additional' men from the New England States and
Ilinois, The organization was as follows:
155th Infantry Brigade:
309th and 310th Infantry; 308th Machine Gun Battalion,
156th Infantry BriTgade:
311th and 312th Ipfantry-; 309th -Machine Gun Battalion.
153d Field ,Artillery Brigade:
307th and 308th (lighh;), 309th (hep.vy) -Field Artillery;
303d Trench Tor-tar 'Battery,
307th Machine G-un Battalion.
303d-Engineers.
303d Field Signal Battalion,.
Trains,
The first unit of the division arrived in France P-ay 18, 1918; the
last June 12, 1918.
Upon arrival the division (less artillery) was assigned to the :2d
Army Corps, then operating with the British in Flanderso Training was
begun in the areC around Mielles-les-Blequin, near the Ypres front,
For the same purpose the artillery brigade was sent to Camp IMeucon in
Brittany, It left Camp Aeucon on August 17ths and marched to the Toul
Sector where .itTieved the ist Field Artillery Brigade on A-ugust 28^29,
It supported the 90th Division in the St. Iithiel Offensive, and rejoined
the 78th Division October 4th,.
On July 18th the division moved to the Arras Area wjith headquarters
established at Rogllecourt. On August 20th it left the British sector
and moved to the 11th Training Area with headquarters at 3ourbonne-les"
Bains (Haute-Mlarne), Inhile here the division was placed in the reserve
of the 1st Army Corps, and thle march north preparatory to the concentra-
tion for the.St. Mihiel Offensive began'
Headquarters was established at Ros e-esHenIHayet on September 11th,
and troops vwere moved into positions supporting the 2d Division. The
division re-alined in reserve until the night Qf September. 15th, whn
it relieved the 2d Division, and on the following night the 5th Division,
in the Limey Sector. The organization of this sector just taken from
the enemy, and the frequent raids carried out to divert the attention
of t'he enemy from the approaching Meuse- Argonne .Offensive, made its
occupancy a particularly active one, and the division suffered 2107
casualties*
On the nights of October 3*4, and 4-5, the division was relievecdfand.
moved to the Foret e la Reine. and thence to the Clermont-en-ArgonneAreao
On October 10th it mnoved to the eastern bordier of the A2rgonne Fore t
with lhe;.c:.auarters c.t Varennes. It was at this time a unit of tho
1st Army Corps, operatin, as the left flank corps. of the First Army.
The 78th Division entered the line on the night of October 15th,
relieving the 77th Division'on the line Petit Talma--Grand-Pr--
uhevikres--jt. Juvin. From this position an attack was launcheac on
October 16th with the Bois de.s Logresp, And Grand-Pr4 as objectives,
The tow had previously been entered by the 77th Division, but it"was
not until October 23d, after days of severe fighting, that the entire
town including the so-called "Citadel", bi commanding point in the northern
part, was cleared of the enemy,. On tle same day Talma i-ll, northwest of
Grand-Pre, was captured, and E^lesouthern part of the Bois de Bourgogne
was entered. The Bois des Loges was penetrated in the initial attack,
but artillery fire fron the northeast, and from the Bois de Bourgogne,
and flanking machine gun fire fronm Champigneulle and Bellejoyeuse Farm
caused, such heavy casualties thcA on the nig;ht of tyc.rt;jcy ,i- 20th,. pursuant
.--- to orders from Corps headquarters, the line was withdranl to the Ghnd-
Pre-,-St,,. Juvin road,
* 2 -

The Bois de Bourgogne extending from Grand-Pre north to Boult-auxBois


formpd a most serious obstacle to the American forces in the advance planned
for the first bf November. The division was charged with the task of clearm
ing this forest' of the enemy. This was accomplished on October 29 by exploding
40,000 yperite' shells distributed over a strip one kilometer wide along its
eastern edge, except for one kilometer in the southern edge next to the position
of our troops.. On November 1st H1ll 180 in the southeastern part of Bois de
Bourgogne was taken, The capture of this position rendered the Bois des-Loges
untenable. and on November 2 these wodds were completely cleared of the enemy,
and tht jdivision pushed on capturing the town of Briquenay, advance elements
entering the town of Boult-aux-Boist On the 3d Germont, Belleville surr-Bar,
Authe, Chttillon-sur-bar, Brioulleswsur-Bar, and Verrieres were reached, and on
the 4th les Petites Armoises was occupied, and a slight resistance offered at
the Bois de Sy overcome, On the morning of the 5th the- town of Tannayr was
occupied,
The division less the.artillery and amlunition train, was relieved by the
42d Division on November 5, and moved south to the area near Sta Menehould& The
artillery brigade supported the 42d Division prijthe 5th, then the 6th Division
until the 9thrh
During operations the division took 432 prisonerse Its casualties totalled
7,245*
The latter part of November the division moved to an area in the Cote D'or
with headquarters at Sem r en^Auxois. It moved to ports of embarkation the
latter park of Aprilo Headquarters sailed from Bordeaux May 24, and arrived at
New York Juno 6 1919,
The division had four commanding generals as follows:
MlajGen C'a se W. Kennady (assigned), AugZ3, 1917 - Dec&27, 1.917; MajoGen#
Hugh Lo ScoLt (assignod) Dec,.6 1917 Mar.l5, 1918; Brig#Gen, James To Dean
(temporary) Mar16, 1918 n April 20, 1918; MajGens James Ho McRae (assigned)e
April 21, 1918 to demobilization,

BATTLE PARTICIPATION, 78TH DIVISION

(1) Toul Sector, France 27 Aug, - 12 Sept,, 1918 and


307th Field Artillery 17 Sept, - 4 Oct,, 1918
308th " i"
309th "

(2) St. MTihiel Offensivet France 1r Sept, - 16 Sept*, 1918


309th Infantry
310th t
Av.
311th "
312th
307th Machine Gun Battalioan
308th t i If
t t
309th ,
307th Field Artillery
f t
308th
I
309th t
303d Engineers
303d Field Signal Battalion
(3) Limey Sector France 17 Sept, - 5 Oct, 0 1918
Sage as (2) less artillery
(4) Meuse Argonne Gffensive, France 6 Octs- 11 Nov,, 1918
Same as in (2)

Revised to 6-13-21
RPL: egm: ow
'P^-^,i roJL: in the HistC r1c^l Branch, Oar Plans l^i .in, ClnorCl m(, Off,
X incc (atihir-ties fOj- stato nLts^are. on filoe. Cor=onts ave inaeitc:,
THE SEVENTY NINTH DIVaSiON
(Nat ional .Army)

(Divisional insignia: A gray Lorraine cross on a blue shield outlined


in'gray ) .

The Seventy- Ninth Division was organized August 25, 1917


at Canm Meade,
Maryland. It was originally composed of National Army men from the
states
of Pennsylvania, Maryland and the District of Columbia. Later drafts
brought men from iNew York, Ohio, Rhode Island and VWest
Virginia*
The organization of the division was as follows:

157th Inf-anl-try Brigade;


313th and 3.14th Infantry; 311th MIachine Gun Battalion.
15 Sth Infantry b-rigade:
315th and 316th Infantry; 312th Machine Gun Battalion.
310th Machine Gun Battalion*
154th Field Artillery Brigadee:
310th and 311th (light) axd 312th (H.eavy) Field Artillery.
304th Trench Mortar Battery*
304th Field Signal Battalion.
-304th Engineers,
Trainsrls *

The first unit of the d i v i si o n a rr iv ed Fr a n c


in e. J ul y
12, m
1 18 < an d
the last,->August 3, 191el*

Th e
' di -#i s i o n,. l e s s t h e artillery, immediately went into training in
10th Training Area.with headquarters at Prauthoy, fiaute-Marne. the
s
The artillery
upon landing in France was e n t t o La Cou rt i ne
(Creuso), where it remained
in t r aini n g u n t il a f t e r t h e armistice and rejoined the
division in January,
1919, in the Souilly Area, south of Verdun,

The work in the training area continued until


September 8, when the
movement to the front started. Moving by.rail to an area around Robert
Espagne and Bar-,le-Duc, the division detrained and proceeded
by trucks and
mrching; on September 16, it took over the Tfont faucon, or 304th
Sector (about
16 kilometers northwest of Verdun), relieving the 157th
French Division. This
dector was approximately. five.kilometers in width, but
on September 22, in
*anticipation of the Mleuse-Argonne Offensive, was contracted
to about tWio and
a half kilometers. While in this sector two enemy raids were repulsed,
. , .~~~~~~~~~~~~~~1
on September 26, the division as a part of th e 5th Corps participated in
the general attack, captutring the towns of Haucourt and lvbalancourt on this date,
The following day the stronghold Mf
oontfaucon was taken, .The advance was
continued throUgh the Boi-s de Beuge and the town of
Nantillois. Three assaults
against badeleine. Farm, a strong position on the southern edge
of the Bois de
Cun-el, failed to dislodge the eneIV. Af';er advancing ten kilometers during
four days of severe fighting, on September 30, the division
was relieved by the
3rd Divisinonc

Upon being thus relieved, the division marched to the


Troyon Sector ( 8
kilometers north of St. Ylihiel)' whore it relieved the 26th Division on October
8. This. sector ,etended from Fresnes-en-Woevref on the north
to a point one
kilometer south-.of'Do'oust-aux-Tercpliers, a distance of eleven kiloreters,
At
this time the division wras, under the 2nd Colonial Corps (French). Operations
in this sebtor were' limited to patrolling and severe artillery activity,
no
offensive action being undertakenl On October 26 the 33rd Divis.-on relieved
the 74th Division in tlhis sector, wvvhen it proceeded by narchaing to the Grand6-
M .ontagne
Sectr sevnteen kilomters north of Verdun, where it reliev ed the
29th Division and a part of the 26th Division or October 30th. The front of
this sector was about sevenr ^.,kilometers wiidi and in the form of a ouadri -t,
the left flank facing north and the right- flank facing east.
the division was under the command of the 17th Corps ( French). It this sector
On Novembter 2, the di v i sion o p enedbthe final offensive b an
north writh its left flaLk. attack to the
On November 6 after severe hand-to-hand fighting
Eorne-de-Cornouiller (Hill 378) as captured. The attack was continued, c h an&-
ing on ovember 8 to an easterly/direction, and by that night the
heights from
79th, Division
2nd pages

Ecurey to Crepion had been captured^ On the night of November 8th,


the
division sector limits .were changed to include Etrayp on the north and voirey
on the south, This found elements of the division at Ecurey, and it was
necessary to execute a flank march of four and 4 half kilometers at night
through thick underbrush and woods in order to be in position for the. attack
at six o'clock the following miaornings

On November 9th tle towns of Crepion, Wavrille, Gibercy, Etraye and


.Moirey were capturedA By tne night of Novemrnber 10th, Hill 328, the town of
Chaumont-devant-Damviller and H:.il 319 had been taken, Ville-devant-Chaumont
was taken on+ November Itxi alnd St the hour of the armistice .the troops were
advancing up the western slpc;eo o; the ;$tU de Romagne, with the enemy falling
back along the entire fron- '

From November Ilth to December 26th the division remained on the battle
front, taking over a front extending from Damvillers on the north to Fresnes-
en-Woevre on the south, for patrol and police# On December 10th, the head-
quarters, Headquarters Company and 3rd Battalion, 314tb Intgotry proceeded to
an area around Mohtmedy, Steray and Virton (Belgium) for purpose of
guarding property, listing material and maintaining order, On February 1, 1919,
o
this detachment rejoined the division in the Souilly area,

Moving to the Souilly area oouth of Verdun on Decemaber 27th the division
found itself completely assembled for the first time in France, when it was
joined in January by the artillery brigades

The division moved from the Souilly Area duyipg the last days of MIarch'
to the Fourth Training Area northeast of Chaumont, around Andelot and Rimau-
court, where it was reviewed-on April.12th by General>Pershinhgi The move-
ment from this area to Nantes and Sty Nazaire bogan on April 19th, thie-
artillery going to St. Nazaire and the infantry to the vicinity of Nantes and
Choleto

Division Headquarters sailed from St. Nazaire on iffy 18th, 1919 and
arrived at New York City on play 27th, 19191 /

The division had one permanent commander and two. temporary commanders
as follows -
Major'General Joseph -E Kuhn (Assigned) August 25, 1917 until
* ' ~~'
* . , ',/demobilization,
Brig#Genesral WOmW
NRtcholson (Temporary) November 25,1917 -Febt 17,1918,
BrigGeneral Evan fM Johnson (Temporary) Feb, 1, 1919 - Feb, 28, 1919.

During operations the division captured 1,120 prisoners and suffered


7,457 casualties* .

COL.AT SERVJICE SMIE.r.NY-IT4TH D.ItSIQ._

(1) meuse-Argonne Offensive, France --------- 26th Septa ;, 1 ... :.. ^


Organizations*participatings -3 Ote9l8
313th Infantry
*314th a
315th a}
316th .
310th Milachine Gun Battalion
t
3311th ' IT

312ti " , ,- ,
304th Field Signal Battalion,

(2) ileuse-Argonne Offensive,France ---- 26 Ojept, - 8 Octfc, 1918


Organ iato3 s - parti'Cipating;
304th, Engineers

(3) Troyon Sector,'France -- *---- 8 Octt - 25 Oct, 19186*


Organitations participating:
.Same as in () axd (2)

(4) M!Aeuse-ArgQnne Offensive France --- 29 Oct, - 11 Nov*, 1918


Organiz vations parti cipating
Same as in (1) and (2)

RCC/kc
rst
*rfay 180 1920 -.
'.c.-vibod 6*13*21
rP^y:a
'l in -bHct:i.StC-:iC 1O r "rnl,
C T- r Plin' Pivci.n, Cc^er L 'St:ft,
whoro auth rities f.r statomnts Eiro on filoa Comroots aro invitod,
THE EIGHTIETH DIVISION
(National -Arm)

(Divisional insignia: three blue peaks on a shield of khaki.)

The Eightieth Division was organized August 27, 1917, at Camp Lee,
Virginia, It was composed of National Army men from the states of
Virginia, West Virginia and western Pennsylvania.
The organization was as follows:
159th Infantry Brigade;
317th and 318th Infantry; 313th Machine Gun Bn,
160th Infantry Brigade:
319th and 320th Infantry; 315th Machine Gun Bn,
155th Field Artillery Brigade:
313th dnd 314th (light), 315th (heavy) Field Artillery;
305th Trench Mortar Battery.
314th Machine Gun Bn,
305th Engineers,
305th Field Signal Bn,
Trains.
The first unit of-the division arrived in France May 23, 1918, and
the last June 18the
The division, loss the artillery, iLmediately went into training
with the British in the Samcr Training Area a few kilometers east of
Boulogne, The artillery.was first sent to Redon, near St, Nazaire, but
completed its training at Camps do Coetquidan and Meucon. The brigade
did not rejoin the division until September, 1918.
After a short period of training at Samer the division moved to the
Third British Army Sector, with 'headquarters at Beauval, Second line
trenches between Albort and Arras were occupied, During this neriod
fr o nt lin e
trenches were also occupied by battalion units. One battalion
pariticipated in an attack in conjunction with New Zealand troops, and
one with the 38th Welsh Division.
The division wan relieved in this sector on August 20th and moved
south to the 14th Training Area lying between Chaumornt and Clatillon-sur-
Seine. Here it remained until AuCust 31st. On September 1st the 80th
moved by rail to the Stainville area, and later marched to the Tronville
area. While in the latter the division composed the reserve of the First
Army during the St. Mihiel Offensive. The 320th Infantry and 315th ICachino
Gun Battalion were attached to the'2d French Colonial Corps and actively
participated in the operation. The 155th Artillery Brigade rejoined the
division while in this sector.
On September 14th the 80th was transported to the vicinity of Ippecourt
and placed in the 3d American Corps, On the night of the 20th it moved
forward preparatory to entering the Meuse-ArTgonne Offensive.
In this operation the 3d Corps, with right resting on the Meuse
Rivers operated as the right flank corps of the First Army, The 89th
Division was assigned to the center of the corps front, The division line
on the morning of September 26th ran east and west directly south of the
town of Bethincourt. Using its position on the river as a pivot the
corps was to swing its center and left to the north and east so that its
line would parallel the river,
The 80th Division moved to the attack on the morning of the 26th
and immediately captured Bethincourt and by noon had overcome resistance
in the Boi& de Forges and the Bois Jure. The enemy's resistance stiffened
in the afternoon and the division was subjected to severe artillery fire
from the east bank of the Meuse River, During the evening the Army
objective near Dannevoux was reached and the right of the division rested on
the Meuse, the left extending along the north edge of the Bois de la
Cote Lemont.
The 318th Infantry had been dispatched to the support of the 4th
Division on the left of the 80th. The 155th Artillery Brigade was also
placed at the disposal of the same division while French artillery
served the 80th+
On October 3d the 3d and 4th Divisions were drawn apart for the
purpose of creating a new sector for the 80th, The new line ran through
Nantillois with the strongly fortified Bois des Ogons directly in its
front. Two battalions of the 318th Infantry were returned to the division
to assist in the coming attack.
99t; up

and
The ofTmtlsivia uwas xesumd on OCOioz' 4 the.Bois des Ogons
entered, but it was not unwil nnea^^r 6 that this formidable position was
finally overcorae The advance continued and by nightfall the line extendnd
On the 9th the town of Cunel was entered. Another
to Ville aux Bois Farnm
of the division was unable
attack was launched ontthe 10th but the left
to advance, while the right made only slight gainse
to
The 80th was relieved on the night of October 11 and moved routh
Triaucourt Area where it
the Forttlde Hesse and thence on the 14th to the
was placed in Army reservev
and on
On October 13 the division was transferred to the lst Corps
until the
the 23d moved to the vicinity of Les Islottes where it remained
and relieved the
30tho On this date it marched through the Argonna Forest
between Sty
82d Division as the right ofIthe ist Corps on a line running
Georges anll Sty Juvtin
In the attack of November 1 the right of the division reached the
Butane y-Bayonville road but the left could get no further than Al1eiponto
own artillery
The artillery of the 82d Division was now serving the 80tho its
having been left with the 3d Corpse
A flank attaok to the west on the morning of the 2d permitted the
left to advance to Verpel and Thenorgueso On the same day Butancy was
attacked and a line.established to the north of the towns
The enemy was now rapidly withdrawingp and a vigorous pursuit ensued*
OH the 5th the Stonne Beaumont road was reached and the slight resistance
encountered at Wtarniforet was quickly overcome. The 80th now hala the
StonnewBeaumont road from a point 1 kilometer west of Warniforet to Beau-
mont inclusive. During the afternoon of the 5th the
A own of Yoncq was
taken.
On the following day the 1st Division passed' through the 80th and
to the
the latter then retired to Somauthee On November 8 it marched
on the 12th moved to the Les Islettes Area# Here
CornayrApremont Area and
at which time the division moved by mfarching to
it rested until the 18th,
the 15th Training Area southwest of Chatillonwsur-6eine*
The 155th Artillery Brigade rejoined December 5 after having served
successively with the 80th, 4th, 5th and 90th Divisions, without reliefs
for a period of 48 days.
On March 30 1919, the 80th started for the Le Mans area and upon
arrival headquarters were established at Econaoy* Here it remained until
its return to this countryo
The division captured 1,813 prisoners and suffered 6,132 casualtieso
Headquarters sailed from Brest, May 17,01919 and arrived at Newport
News May 26 '199,
The division had four coimmanding generals as follows:
Maj*Geno Adelbert Cronkhite {assigned) Oct.9#1917 to Decll1 1918,
and April 11, 1919 to May 26, 1919; Brig.Gen' Lloyd Mi Brett (temporary)
Nov.26, 1917 - Dec*27, 1917; Brig*Gen* Chase St Farnsworth (toemporary)
Dec*27t1917 - Jan,,l 1918; Brig.Gent Lloyd Mi Brett (temporary) Jan.2,
1918 -March 1, 1918; Maj* Genf SD. Strugis (assigned), Dec,12.1918 -
April 10, 1919*
COMIBAT SERVICE, 8BOTH DIVISION
(1) Picardy sector, France, 25 July o 18 Aug.# 1918
317th Infantry
318th "
319th t
320th t'
31fth MaIchine Gun Battalion
t
314th " AI
315th it
305th Engineers
305th Fiold Signal Battalion
(2) StMihiel Offensive, France 12 Sept, 14 Septu, 1918
Same as in (1)
2r Sept,.- 11 Nov*, 1918
(3} Mouse Argonne' Offensive, Frane
Sanie as in (1) and'
313th Field Artillery
314th " 'r
315th " '

Revised to 6s-13-21
RPL:egm: cw
ProareiL -In tho Historioal Brunch, War Plans Division, C!Lnoeil Staff
where authorities for statenonta are on filog Co=mmonto are invited,
T1E E IGHTTY-FIR6 T-
JDIVISIO1 -0 .

(National Guard. Insignia: Silhouette of wildcat in varying colors


acoording to the different branches of the service,)

^*^oo,-I ,
. .~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.
,

The Eighrty-first Division was organized ' Camp Jackson, S.C. in


September, 1917, from National Army drafts from North and South Carolina,
Tennessee, Florida, Illinois and New York.
The organiz ation was as follows; *
161st Infantry*Brigade;
321st and 322d Infantry; 317th ilIachine-gun. Battalion,
162d Infantry Brigade;
323d and 324th Infantry; 318th Machinesgun Battalion#
156th Field Arxtillery Brigade,
316th and 3317th (light); 318th(heavy) Field Artillery; 306th
Trench Mortar Battery.
316th Machine-gun Battalion*
306th Engineers*
306th Field Signal Battalion*
Trains4
The first unit of the division arrived in France August 15 1918; the
last element August 25, 1918*
For training pur;poses the division (less artillery) was sent to the
16th Training Area with Headquarters at Tonnerre$ (Yonne) For the same
purpose the artillery brigade 'was sent to Valdahn b(Doubs)"
It did not parti'
cipate in operations, but rejoined the division ihn November, 1918*
The division proceeded to the Vosges on Septomber 14t Arriving Sep-
tember- 20 it took over.the. StDie Sector and'remained in front line from
September 20 to October ^10, 191&8, as part of the French 33d Corps, and later
as part of the French 10th Corps. Command of the sector passed to the Como
manding General, 81st Division on October 2, On October 19, it moved to the
vicinity of Rambervillers- (Vosges), and from there to the' Somredieue Seotor
southeast of. Verdun where it was in the reserve of the French 'ij;i- Colonial
Corps. On Nov3mber 7 it passed to the French 2d Colonial Corp;j and relieved
the Americain 35th Division in line' From November 7 to November 11, it
participated in the Yleuse^Argonne Offensivet attacking in the Wievre plain
east of Vordun from November 9 to 11, 1918, and capturing Moranville, Grimauw
court and Abaucourt
During operations the division took 101 prisoners, and its casualties
totalled 1224t
On November.17 the division wap relieved from Sommedieue Sector', ;4d
moved to the Chttillon-surmSeine training area, with headquarters at Mussy-
sur-Seine, where it remained until May 2d# when it was sent to the Le Mans
Embarkation Center preparatory to returning to the United States*
Division Headquarters sailed from Brest June 1, 1919, and arrived at
New York June 11# 1919v
The division'had three commanding generals as follows-i
BrigsGhenoChas* H* Barth (temp.), Aug. 25, 1917 " Oct.8, 1917- Maji
Gen* Chast J, Bailey (tmp*), Octt8t 1917 - Nov.24, 1917; Brig.Gen.Chas. Hp
Barth (temp,), Novi24,1917 - Dec,28, 1917, Srig*GenG Geo. WV!1J1cIver (temp.)
Dec,28, 1917 * March 11. 1918, and Majs Gen. Chasf J B.ailey (assi ecl.)
March 11 1918 ^ May 31, 1919*

BATTLE PARTICIPATION, EIGHTY-FIRST D VISIOi"


(1) StoDie Sector, France, 20 Sept. -19 Oct,, 1918
321st Infantry
322d .
323d
324th
306th Engineers
316th Miachine gun Battalitn
317th - '
t
318th
306th Field Signal Battalion
(2) Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Frafce 1 Nov. - 11 Nov*, 1918,
Same as in (1)

ze e
R^1viCse 6-17-21
R^Lv ogm;atla
PrTh.; S i
-^:1 H^itTricdt
rJiii-i, ^ach, Plf, s
hla ar.Plan Sta:r
v,-hcz alh: riL.-cs for statoements arO on filoe Counonts aro invitd,
EIGHTY SE COCiUD DIVISIONT

(National Army. Insignia; Letters "AA" in gold on a blue circle,


the whole superimposed on a red square.)

The Eighty-second Division was organized it Ca'mp Gordon, Georgia,


'in
August, 1917, from National Armn men from GCorgia, Alabama,
and Tennessee. At
a later date the majority of these men were transferred to
other divisions
their places being filled by drafts from Camps Dodge, Travis.
Devens, Upton,'
Dix, Meade,. and Lee, so that the organization became a truly composite
"all-
American" unit as suggested by its insignia]
The organization was as follows;
163d Infantry Brigade:
325th and 326th Infantry; 320th Machine Gun Battalion.,
164th Infantry Brigade:;
327th and 328th Infantry; 321st Machine Gun Battalion#
157th Field Artillery Brigade: '
320th and 32i'st (l.ight); 319th (heavy) Field Artillery;
3C7th Trench Mortar Battery,
319th Machine Gun Battalion,
307th Encrineers *
307th Field Signal Battalion.
Trains,
The first unit of the division arrived in France May 3, 1918; the last
element July 12, 1913.
For training purposes the division (less artillery) was sent to
> Escarbotin Area west of LbbeviJlle where it was attached to the 66th the
British
Division, For the same purpose the artillery brigade went to La Courtine
(Creuse). It rejoined the division in August, 1918.
The d i vi s i on l e f t
Escarbotin June 16, and on June 25 it relieved the
26th Division in the Toul Sector, where it was brigaded with the French until
July .17, upon which date comrma.nd passed to the Commanding General 82d Division.
On August 9 it was relieved by the 39th Division and proceeded to the
Of Toul with headquarters at Blenod-les-Toul. vicinity
On August 17 it relieved the
2d Division in the Marbache Sector astride the Moselle River and held this
sector in the St* Mihiel. Offensive September 12 to 16, 1918. while retaining.
c on t a c t
wi t h the French 125th Division on the right it advanced the left
of its line to maintain connection with the 90th 1ivisionr.which attacked
its left. It captured Norroy, Sep-bmber 13th, and Vanaieres September' on
15th,
During these operations, the 328th Infantry suffered substantial losses
by artillery fire from east of the Meuse.
The division was relieved in the Marbache Sector by the 69th French
Division on September 21, and proceeded to the Triaucourt Area, southwest
of Verdun, on September 24, where it was in the reserve of the 1st Arnmy
preparatory to taking part in the Meu:se--Ar;,onne Offensive. It passed
Corps reserve on O4tober 3 and moved noi-thwest of Verdun where it entered to 1st
the line between the 1st and 23th Divisicns in line north of Varennes on
the night of Ocfober 6. The imps-tus gained by the American Army
had spent
itself in ten days of hard fighting and the advance through the -Areonne
Sorest and up the Lire Valley had come to a stop. The high command de-
termined upon a bold and hazardous expedient. A surprise flank attack must -
be driven into the enemy flank west of the Aire River and north
of Chatel
Chehery. If the thrust accomnlished its purpose, 'the Argonne
Forest would
be cleared and the w a y o p e n e d f o r a substantial Ajnerican advance. The E2d
and 23th Divisions made the attack ort October 7 against bitter resistance
and on-October 8 the success of the operation was assured. Enemy
pressure
in the Argonne Forest was relieved and a general advance by the American
Army followed On October 9 th e 2 8t h D i v i s i o n was relieved by elements of
the 82d Division and the attack up the Aire Valley was resumed,
The out-
standing features of this phase of the operation were the capture
of Cornay
October 9 and 10, Marcq, Otober 10, the piercing of the Kriemhilde-
Stellung northwest of Sommerance Oc-toHber 14, and the capture of St,
Juvin and its surrounding .heights Otober 16. The division was
relieved onOct-
ober 31 by ledment. of the 77th cind C"Oth Divisions, and moved by successive stages
to the 10th 'Iraining Area with headquarters established at Prauthoy (Haute-Nlarne)
on November 15, 191(^ In Mar.ch it moved to the vicini-y of Bordeaux with head-
qtarters at Castres preparatory to returning to the United States,
During' operations the division took 045 prisoners- Its casualties totalled
71546*
Division Headquarters sailed froma Bordeaux on Kay 9, 1919i and arrived
at New York, May 20, 1919*

The division had five conimmanding generals as follows:

Major General Eben Srft (assigned) Aug.25., 1917 to Nov,24, 1917; Brig#
adier Gener.l James .1; Erwin (temnporary) Nov,24 1917 to Dec260 1917; Brigrdier
GenieraL Williaii p, Burnh=m (temzorary) Dec.26, 1917 to Marob 22, 191v; Brigadier
General' Marcus D4 Cronin (tempc;rary) March 22, 191Q to March 27t 191; Brigadier
General -Willianm P Burnhsun (temporar-) Marrh 27, 1912 to May 13t 191:; Major
General William P. Burnhui (assigned) 2iay 13, 191S? to October 5, 191l; Major Gen-
erfl George BO Duncan (assigned) October 5, 1918 to demobilization ^

COMBAT S'tVICE, EIGHTIY SECOND DIVISION.

(1) TOUL Sector# France 25 June -9 Aug., 191.


Orgcanizations participating;
325th Infantry
<y
326th
1
327th
tt
32n,-th
3C7th Field Signal Bn,
(2) } UL Sector, France 1i. July-9 Aug,1910.6
Organizations participating*
319th Machine Gun Bn.
(3) TOUL Sector, France 14 July-9 Aug., 1918,
Organi z ations participating:
320th MIachine Gun Bn.
t
321st t t *

(4) MARBACHE Sector, TOUL, France i7 Augo-LL Sept, 1.91 *


Organizati ons p*aricpating
325th Irfantry
'326th Inl fantry
'327th Infantry
,323th Infantry
307th Engineers
319th Machine Gun Bn*
* 320th
. Machine Gun Bn.
321st Machine Gun Bnr
307th Field Signal Bns
(5) hMARBACHE S6ctor, TOUL, France 19 Augell Septo,1918G*.
Organizations participating:
319th Field Artillery
320th
yl
321st
I
(6) ST MIHIEL Offensive, France *12 Septs".16 Septo 191^*
Organizations participating
325th Infantry
326th t
327th ' t
320th .
'307th Engineers
319th Machine Gun Bne
320th t .
3-2 lst t' " t
307th Field Signal Bn,
319th Field Artillery
320th Field Artillery

486
82d Divtc
"* 3

321st Field Artillery


.(7) MEUSE-ARQONNE Ofeensivo, France
Organizations participating: 26 Sept* - 7 Nov. 1918,
Same as in (6)

Revised to 6L3w21
RPL IDI;h cw
Pic-p;rc "I.ill -Historical Branch, War Plans Division, Gomnoral Stauf,
where authorities for stqpmonte nre on files Comments are invited,
THE EI(-jiTYT"HIRD
DIVIrSION*

(Natienal Arityr. Insig.ia: Monograp forging the word "Ohio", in


yellow on a black triangle)

JMWM-MQ*rriifoiw * ' *

The Eightymthird Divisidn wa$ organized at Canp Sher;:an, Ohic4.in


Sepa
te.nber, 1917, fro,.i drafted ren of Ohio, West Virginia, and western
Pennsylf
vaslia, The organization was as follows:

165th Infantry Brigale:


329th and 330th Infantry; 323d IMachine GunxBattalion
166th Infantry Brigade:
331st and 332d Infantry; 324th Machine Gun Battalions
158th Field Artillery Brigade:
322d and 323d (light), 324th (heavy) Field Artillery;
308th Trench Mortar Battery*
322d Machine Gun Battalionip
308th Engineers#
308th Field Signal Battaione
Trainse

The first eler*ent of the division arrived in France, June 1, 1918;


the last arrived June 28, 1918,
It was designated as a depot division anl ordered to the Le Mans
areas
The 332d Infantryt the 158th Field Artillery Brigade, and special
unites such
as the Engineor and Signal troops, were detached, anti the remaining
units
provided replacements from their own personnel and trained additional
person-
nel for replacements to coabat divisions at the fronto The 49th Infantry,
upon its arrival in France the latter part of July, was sent to the
Le Mans
area where it took the place of the 332d Infantry in the division*

DETACHED UNITS*
332d Infantry:
.Hue 332d Infantry'was selected to represent the Anerican forces
with the
Italian Army, and entrained for Italy via Miarseilles July 25, 1918,
With the
idea of strengthening Italianl norale and weakening that of the Austrianss
battalions of the regi-ent visited different sections of the front
daily, to
create the inpression that a vast body of A1erican troops had arrived.
The
regirment was attached to the 31st Division, 14th British Army'Corps,
10th
Italian Aray. Fror- the 27th to 29th of October it assisted in establishing
bridgeheads across the Piave River, anl froi;- October 30 to Novei-.ber
4 it took
part in the pursuit of the Austrians, On Ncveriber 4 the regiaent
reached the
Tagliar.wnte River near Valvasone, crossed the river in the face
of rLachine
gul fire front front and flank, and pushed forward ten iiles to Villaroba
where it ovas when the Austrian armnistice went into effect. The regimnent rev
ramined in Italy until March 29 when it returned to'the United
States, units
sailing frou Genoa March 29, and fron Marseilles March l 29 and April 4,
lift ^ n - -"-...
158th Field Artillery Briga e:;
Upon arrival in France the brigade.was temporarily in a billeting
area in
Illeset-Vilaine, but early in July it was sent to Caup Coetquidan.
Hlaving
completed its training just prior to the beginning of the Meuse-Argonne
offend
Sive, the brigade was sent to the front. Brigalse Headquarters, the
3&2d Regi-
r.ent, and the 308th Trench Mortar Battery arrived in tine to take
part in the
initial stage of the offensive# September 26, as part of a provisional
brigade
supporting the 91st Division between Avecourt and Vauquoiss On
the night of
October 3 the brigade arched to the Bois de Nixeville near
Verdun. On the
6th and 7th it took positions behind Cote de Talou along the banks
of the
Meuso and froa Octobor 8 to 29 it supported the 29th A,-rican and the 18th
French Divisions in their attacks east of the Meuse, On October 29 the
brigade was relieved and a;signed to the 32d Division, then in
reserve of the
3d Corps, Ist Arny, On the night of Novei-Iber 9 .* 10, the division crossed the
Meuse and entered the line, attacking in the vicinityr of Brandeville and
Peuvillera. During this operation the 158th 'Brig!ade furnished the artillery
supports It remained with the 32d Division during the nlarch into Ger;.any
and
served with this division in the Arnay of Occupation until it
returned to the

)76d
United States the latter part of April, 1919*

3P8th gnfiineery/:
. The regimrent arrived at La. Havre on June 17,1918p On June 20 it
was broken up, the several units being assigned-toy-duty in the Service of
Supplyo On July 20 it was assembled at Changey (HauteJilarne), and on the
22d was assigned as corps engineer^ First Army Corps. From July 28 to
August 6 it participated in the Aisne-Marne offensive, and from August 7 to
September 9 operated in the Vesle sectors On August 13 therFirst-Corps was
withdrawn from the Vesle and the regiment passed to the Third Army Corps
with which it remained during the remained of its stay in the AiEFv Early
in Septenimber the concentration of forces began for the contemplated Teuser
Argonne 'offensive, and on September 9th the regiment left the Vesle sector
and proceeded to the area southnest of Verduni, On September 26 it advanced
to Esnes. From this date until the armistice it participated in the Mleuiae
Argonne offensive advancing with the Third Corps and performing road work
until November 6, From this date to November 11 the regiment was engaged
in constructing a series of bridges across, the voeuse River at Dun-our"
eIousoe After the armistice it became a part of the Army of Occupation where
it remained until its return to the United States in June# 1919*

308th Field Signal Battalion:


The battalion was assigned as corps signal battalion of the Third
Army Corps on July-771918* It arrived at Charteves (Aisne) in the 3d Corps
area on August 4i and performed active duty in the Aisneoparne offensive
until August 6* From August 7 to September 9 it operated in the Vesle sector,
taking part in the Oise-Aisne offensive August 18 - September 9. The battala
ion participated in the Meuse-Argonne offensive as corps signal battalion
from September 26 to November 11, 1918, and after the armistice continued
duty with the Third Corps in the march into Germany; and in the Army of
Occupations
The divisionls permanent cadres returned to the United States in
January,1919.
Major General Edwin F* Glenn commanded the division from the time .
of its organization until it was demobilized

COMBAT SERVICE, 83D DIVISION9

(1) "Aisnesarne offensive, France:


308th Field Signal Battalion. <4 Augo ' 6 Aug,,1918
308th Engineers 28 July u 6 Augr, 3918* '
(2) Vesle sector, France, 7 Augo 17 Aug#' 19184
308th Field Signal Battalion
308th Engineers
(3) OisseAisne offensiveg France, 18 Aug*r 9 Septo*l918o
ftame as in (2)
(4) Meuse-Argonne offensive, France, 26 Septa-w11 NaV, 19180
308th Field Signal Battalion
308th Engineers
322d Field Artillery
323d Field Artillery *
324th Field Artillery
(5) Vittorio-Veneto,Italy:
332d Infantry 27 Oct. - 4 Nov0,l918

* \\

Revised to 6-17-21
RPL:rst;cw

-71
'Pr~t3 -c:.\ i
i^ t lS' .iL tis rnC, Br'nch2, r
J'- '(~1. Div
.
.l.n l i *n, (.'ncr.l b;.>f- t
-jhofr ...lth ;itios for statlwOmets art on file. C.o;r!ntri c; inoitodn.

THE EGHTYt-FOURl'THI DI;VISION

(National Army: Insignia: Red axe on a white background within


a red circle; the word "Lincoln" over the axe and the number Q841-
belosr it *) z

The gighty-Fourth Division was organized in August, 1917, at


Camp Taylor, K:entuckyI frym drafted men of .Kentucky, Indiana, and
southern 2lli.nois* The di.v sion w;as depleted ifc fill up other
organizations and when it charng,34 station to Carmp Shern.an, Ohio,
in June, 118, it was again rLaised to authorized.' strength, the
greater part of the recruits coming from Ohio. The organization
was aS follows:

167th. Infantry brigade:


333rd, and 334th. Infantry; 326th Machine Gun
Baettalion.
168t h Infantry Brigade:
335th- and 336th, Infantry; 327th Mlachine Gun
Battalione
159th. Field Artillery -Brigade
325tht and 326th (,light), 327th (heavy) Field
Artillery; 309th4 Trench Mortar battery.
325th. Machine Gun Battalion.
309t h* Engineers. >
305th- Field Signal Battalion.
Train :

The first element of the division arrived in France, September


21, 1918; the last October 25, 1918&O

iThe :division.'(less .artillery) was sent to the West PerigeuX


Area(Dordogne) 'near bordeanux.with headquarters established at
Neuvic on September 28, 1"18. The Crtillery brigade was sent to
CamTip de Sougeo In OCtob-;j the;. j(09t-h Enrinee-rs were transferred to
t. iMaa.e, or w;,rk
ionsuco The rem.a.nder of the dIvision ;
ivas brok-ei uy, pto plroi. e. rep laements for conrba; t unit s a1_t T#he
froXit and: arl4y. .n lo em;e-r ,. h?-adquarteIrs and the perfmaonent cadres
o0f organizations we re translrred -to Le ians ' They retiurned ta
the United States in Jauiamry' lc19' . . :

The division hEad two comrrmandin L generals as follows;

: 3 ri g G~en Wilber E. Wilder,(temorary) AugE25,1917- Oct 6 ,1917-


Maj. Gen. Harry CIO iHa l,(as sgnod) Oct. 7} 1917 . Nov l1,1918*

Revised ta 3/21/J21 .
RP / t h ' t ' ,
rst '

. 'i .
Propc.rc'l in -"hi,i-:.--t r ick Branch, Vyr Plans Di.i:ion, (ctrl;`l staff,
whor.oe authodri-tic for statorem'nt are on fileo Cornsex;nts .reo invited,
THE EIGHTY--FIFTH DIVISIONS

(National Army. Insignia: Monogram CD in red.)

The Eightyofifth Division was organized at Camp Custer, Michigan, in


September, 1917, from dr men of Michigan and Wisconsin, The organiza-
w
tion mes as followrs:
169th Infantry BXgad
337th and 33 h hfantry; 329th Machine Gun Battalion,
170th Infantry Brigade;
339th and 340th Infantry; 330th Machine Gun Battalion,
160th Field Artillery Brigade:
328th and 329th (light); 330th (heavy) Field Artillery;
310th Trench M~rtar Battery.
328th Machine Gun Battalion,
310th Engineers; 310th Field Signal Battalion
Trains
The first unit of the division arrived in France July 26, 1918; the
last August 12, 1918
The 339th'Infantry, the slet Battalion 310th Engineers, the 337th Field
Hospital, and the 337th Ambulance Company were detached on arrival in England
and were sent to North Russia as part of the allied force under British
command which operated from Archangel as a base. The forward position oew
cupied by the allies extended for a distance of approximately 450 miles.
These, however, did not form a continuous line but were a series of occupied
positions at vital points more or less fortified. The American troops oco
cupied most of' the front line defenses and bore the brunt of the fightings
They were engaged in hard active service extending beyond the Armistice.
The division (less artillery and the units detached in England) pro-
ceeded to an area in the Loire Valley with headquarters established at
Pouilly (Nievre) on August 14th, It became the 4th Depot Division. The
artillery brigade went to Coetquidan where it remained in training until
October 22d, when it moved to Rimaucourt (Haute-Marne). There it was split
up, the 328th Field Artillery being attached to the 92d Division, the 329th
Field Artillery to the 4th Corps, and the 330th Field Artillery'to the 2d
Corps* The 310th Engineers (less 1st Bn,) was detached and assigned to the
5th Corps on September 9, 1918* On November 23d it was transferred to the
7th Corps, Third Army, The 310th Field Signal Battalion was detached August
20th} and was asstned to the 4th Corps, Both engineers and signal battalion
served in the Army of Ocupation, The 3d Battalion, 340th Infantry4 was
detached and assigned to duty at a tank school, Early in November the nucleus
of the division was assigned to the Second Army* It was 6ent to the vicinity
of Toul and designated as the 2d Army Regional Replacement Divisions
Division Headquarters sailed from Brest March 22, 1919, and arrived at
New York March 30, 1919*
The division had five comnnanding generals as follows-
Ma;j Gen. J. T. Dickman (asa0e7d), Asug, 17, 1917 - Nov. 24, 1917; Brig.
R
Gen, So W. Miller (temporary), Nov. 24, 1917 - Dec, 13, 1917; Maj. Gen.
James Parker (assigned), Deo* 1; 1917 - Feb. 21, 1918; Brig, Gen, B, C.
Morse (temporary) Feb. 21, 1918 ' Feb, 27, 1918, and Maj. Gene Chase W,
Kennedy (assigned), Feb. 27, 1918 - March 31, 1919,
COIMBAT SERVICE, 85TH DIVISION0

(1) St.- Mihiel offensive, France, 12 Sept, * 16 Sept., 1918,


310th Engineers, Cos, D, E and F*
310th Field Signal Battalion.
(2) Toul Sector, France, 12 Sept, - 11 Nov., 1918.
310th Field Signal Battalion.
(3) Meuse*-Argonno offensive, France, 26 Sept* " 11 Nov,. 1918.
310th Engineers, Cos. D? E and F.
(4) North Russia
339th Infantry, 4 Sept, 18 - June 16, 1919
1st Bn,, 310th Engineers, 4 Sept, '18 June 27, 1919*

Revised to March 9, 1921,


RPLagm _r7
.rroynrco in H1-tTh--;Cl. rYCh,
1 ,c..; ,. R !;-.;. ,,... i t , /
wi,;h.i~ re .r^l-
'irT.. f .- 'taato;ar:>lnts art on file. Coirolnts nro ien1Vtol,..

EIGHTY- SiXTH DIVISION

(National Ary: Insignia: A black hawk and monogram


"BH" superimposed on a red shield.)

The EightySixth Division -was organized in August, 1917 at Camp


Grant, Illinois, from drafted men of Illinois, Wisconsin and Minnesota.

The organization was as follows:

171st Infantry Brigade;


341st and 342nd Infantry; 332nd Machine Gun Bn.
172nd Infantry Brigade:
343rd and 344th Infantry; 333rd Machine Gun Bn.
161st Field Artillery brigade:
331st and 332nd (light), 333rd (heavy) Field
Artillery; 311th Trench Mortar battery
331 st Machine Gun Battalion*
311th Engineerso
311th Field Signal Battalion,

z* The f ir s
t u n it o f t he
division arrived in France on September 2lst,
1918; the last on October 9th, 1918.

The division was sent to the vicinity of Bordeaux (Gironde) and


headquarters were established in St. Andre de Cubzac. The infantry and
machine gun organizations were greatly depleted to form replacements
for
combat units at the froznt and on November 8th what remained of
them were
ordered to the Le Mans area.. The permanent cadre comprising
the skeletonized
division headquarters, infantry regiments and machine gun battalions
re-
turned to the United States in January, 1919. The 311th Field
Signal Battalion
returned in January and the 311th Engineers in June, 1919. Upon arrival in
France, the 161st Field Areillery irigade went to Le Courneau
(GCironde) where
it remained until its return to the TJnitedl Stated in January
and February,

The division had five commanding generals as follows

Major General T. H. barry (assigned) Aug.25, 1917- Mar.21, 1918.


brig.Gen. L.W.V. Kennon (temporary) iNov.26, 1917 - Feb. 1-5, 1918,
and March 21, 1918 - April 18, 1918.

Major General C. H. Martin (assigned) April 18, 1918 - Oct.21,


1918.
Zrig.Gen. L.C. Andrews (temporary) Oct.21, 1918- Nov.l6, 1918.
Major General C. H. Ballou (assigned) Nov.16, 1918- Jan.27, 1918.

FPIghww
Revised to April 26, 1921.
-44."
Prtep<re 1 in -hti Hi.-% .ric*al Branch, War Plans Division,, Gienaoral Sti.ff,
;huir>; a;uthr;ities for statorzmnts aro on filo Corraents aro invitodn
THE EIGHITY-SEVENTH DIVtISION

(National Army. Insignia- Brown acorn on a green circle )

a^ Geto*-Vite-
^

The Eighty-seventh Division was organized at Camp Pike, Arkansas)


in August, 1917, from drafted men of Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi,
and Alabama, After providing detachments for replacements abroad the
division was reorganized with recruits from other camps, and upon trans-
for to Camp Dix, New Jersey, in June, 1917, approximately 20,000 drafted
men from New York and New Jersey were assgned. The organization was
as follows:

173d Infantry Brigade:


345th and 346th Infantry; 33S5th MIachine Qun Battalion,
174th Infantry Brigade:
347th and 348th Infantry; 336th Mnchine Gun Bn,
162d Field Artillery Brigade:
334th' and 335th (-ight, 336th (heavy) 'Field Artillery;
312th Trench Mortar Battery.
334th Machine Gun Battalion,
312th Engineers.
312th Field Si-nal Battalion.
'Trains.

' The first element of the division arrived in France Au.gust 28,
1918; the last September 16, 10183
The division was reported to the Commanding General, 5.0,SS for
duty the latter part of September, Headquarters were established at
Pons (Charente Inf rioure) on Septmber 12th, The organizations were
distributed through the base and intermediate sections, SIOS.,S but the
division did not lose its identity as a combat unit, and when the
armistice was signed, it was under orders for service at the front and
the headquarters and headquarters troops were actually in movement on
November llth.
Division headquarters sailed from St, Nazaire Januaty 10, 1919,
and arrived at New York January 22, 1919,
The division had three comnanding generals as follows-:
Maj. Gen. Samuel D. Sturgis (assigned), Aug 260 1917 - NCrv 18,
1918; Brig. Gen, Robert Co Van Vliet (temporary), Nov4 27, 1917.-
March 10, 1918; Brig, Gen, W, 'F. Martin (temporary) Dec. 11, 1918 -
January' 9, 1919.

Revised to 3^16-21
RPL-egna
propcirr 1 in -bc. 'Hlv: r .- c ;l Branlch, Vi;r !-lans Division, GevCerl o; :3f,
Thro; B.u1't-1 i cLf f..l r stato ent o aro on filo# Comr mont aro invit ole
T'HE E'IGTY-EIGHT5'H DIVISIONc

(National Army, 'Insignia: Two solid figures "8 crossed at right angles
resembling a four-leaf clover,)

The Eighty-eighth Division was organized at Camp Dodget Iowat in Sep


tember, 1917, from National Army drafted men. of North and South Dakota,
Minnesota, Iowa, and Illinois, later supplemented by drafted men from
Missouri and Nebraska, The organization was as follows$
175th Inf ntry Briga.de;
349th 6nd 350th Infantry- 338th MIachine Jun Battalion.
-176th Infantry Brigade:
351st and 352d Infantry; 339th Machine Gun Battalion,
163d Field Artillery Brigade'
338th (lignt) 33"th and 339th (heavy) Field Artillery;
315th Trench Mortar Battery,
337th Mach!ine Gun Battalion,
313th Engineers,
313th Ficld Signal Battalion,
> Trains,
The first units embarked for overseas on tugust 9t 1%18; the last
units arrived in France September 7, 1918
Upon arrival the divli.3ion (less artillery) was ordered to the 21st
Training Area with headquarters esta'lished at Semur (Cote d'Or), The
artillery brigade was sent to the Artillery Training School at Clermont-
Ferrand in the south of France, It never served in the division again
and retqrned to the United States in January, 1919,
On September 14th the division was placed under the command of the
Seventh French Army and moved by rail to the Hericourt Training Area
(Haute-Saone) near Be] fort. For administrative purposes alone the division
was under the 7th American Corps with headquarters at Remiremont*
On September 23, 1918, the division relieved the 38th French Division
in the Center Sector, Haute Alsace, with Headquarters established at
Montroux Chateau on October 7th, It held this sector until November 2,
1918, when it became a part of the 2d American Atmy, One brigade was
placed in reserve of the 4th Corps, the remainder of the division being
in Army reserve with headquarters at Lagney.
During operations the division captured 3 prisoners; its casualties
totalled 118.
On November 29th the division moved by marching to the First Training
Area at Gondrecourt (Meuse), On April 15, 1919, the division was trans-
ferred to the Ist Army. On April 26th it passed to the command of the
Commanding G(eneral, S, O.S, preparatory to its return to the United States,
Division Headquarters sailed fromn St, Nazaire on May 21, 1919, and arrived
at Newport News on June 1, 1919,
The division had four comc-anding generals as follows,
Maj, Gen, E. H. P.-ummer (as-i:ned)c Aug * 25, 1917 - Nov. 26, 1917;
Brig. Gent Rb N. Getty (te-po,. r:r) Nov7, 27, 19:7 - Feb, 19, 1918; Miaj. Gen.
E, H. Plmmer (assigned), Feb. 20, 1918 -'Mar. L4,.1918; Brig, Gen. R, IS
Getty (temporary PM.e^15# 1 133 -- MIay 23, 1998; Brig. Gen. William D.
Beach temporary), May 24, 19P8 - Sept. lO, 1918, and Maj. Gen, William
Weigel (assigned), Sept, 10, 1918 - June 15, 1919,

COMIBkAT SERVICE, 88TH DIVISION,

(1) Center Sector, naute"Alsace, France, 12 Oct. - 4 Nov., 1918,


349th Infantry
< I
350th t
351st
t
352d
337th Macbhine Gun Battalion
338th
339th T
313th Engineers
313th Field Signal Battalion
; .v ,,
*" "' .
................ .....!i .

Revised to Marn 3, 1921


. RPL-egm AUwvisod to 6071*21
Cw
Prepared in thc Hilstorccrl 3ranch, Iat pl-a:-r Divii.>, oLnoi cfi'j
Whro authorities f r stat'omonts aro on filoW Conrmonts aro invitod

*THE EIGHTY-NINTHI DIVISION,

(National Army. Insignia: A black W' surrounded by a


black circle,)

* , .

The-Eighty-ninth Division was organized in August, 1917, at


Camp Fuuiston, ansas Its personnel wus composed of National Arrnmy men
from the States of Kansais, i-issouri, Colorado, Nebraska, 6outh Dakota,
Arizonar, and iewlv Iexico *

The organization was as follows:


177th Infantry Brigade:
353 a:: ?54th Infantry; 341st 14achine Gun Battalion,
178th IrnfenrIy r Iga.;dge;
35?;-;.; n ln 356fth Infantry; 342d aachline Gun Battalion.
340th iMa;hinc Gln Pattalion,
164th FiAld ARtil. ery Brigade:
340thi and 34lst (light), 342d (heavy) Field Artillery;
314-L t Ti.rench iHortar Battery,
314th Engineers,
314th Field Signal Battalion,
Train.-

The first unit of the division to go overseas arrived in France,


Junell,1918; the last element July 10,o 1918.

For training purposes the division (less artillery) was sent to


the 4th Training area with Division hieadquarters at ijeynel* For the
same purpose the artillery brigade went to Camp de Souge, near Bordeaux,
It rejoined the division immediately'after the 6aint-tLihiel Offensive,
gperating with it until the relief of the division in the Euvezin sector
on October O.,1918, when' it rermained in support of the 37th and 28th
Divisions, successively, until the armistice, It rejoined the Eighty-
ninth Diivision on the march into Gerrany,

vn 4ugust 4, 1918, the division began the relief uf the 82d Diviw
sion in the quiet Liucey sector- north of 'oul, comnpleting r-he relief
August lQth, 'T'he division operated under the 32d Corps, 8th French army
until August 20th when it passed to' the 4th- army Corps of the newlys
organized First Army (JAerican), In the iaint-ilhiei offensive the
division op(rated on,the right flank of the 4thCorps/ featuring in the
capture of Bois de iIort^i-ar6, Bouillonville, Euvetin, Beney, and Xrammrs.

The iieuse-.rgonne Offensive was initiated on September 26,th T'he


division was relieved in the Lucey sector by the 37th Division on October
9th, and proceeded to the Iecicourt area as part ot the First Army
Reserve. On October 20th the division relieved the 32d Division in
front line 'Under the 5th Corps it participated in the operations until
the armistice, encountering and overcoming particularly stubborn resist-
ance in the capture of Pois de Bantheville, the heights of Barricourt
and the crossing of the IMeuse River the nicht of INJovember lOth-llth.

During operations the division took 5,061 prisoners and its


casualties totalled 7,291, -

After the armistice the division was assigned a tohe I'rmy of


Occupation, and began its march on November 24th, The first troops of
the division crossed into Germany on December 5th, at Pchternache Head-
quarters was established at Kyllburg, and remained there unrtil the
division retturned to the United States,

Division Hieadquarters sailed fromt iorest on Liay 19- and arrived at


New York on iviay 31J. 1919*

The divislon had three commtianding generals as follows.: iviajor


General ijeoiard' Wood, august 25, 1917, to November 26, 191S; brigadier
General Frank Lu Winn, iovemnber 26, 1917, to hpril 12, 1918; Maj or
M2-

i'Gneral Leonard Wiood, April 12, 1918, to J,une 1, 1918; Brigadier


General Frank L. Winn, June 1, 1918, to September 6, 1918; Major General
W.'iw.Wright, September 6, 1918, to November 12, 1918; iMajor General Frank
Lo Winn, November 12, 1918, to dermobilizationv

0 **

COMBAT SERVICE EIGHTY-HINTH DIVISION*

(1) Lucey Sector, Toul, Fraice, 10 Aug-jll Sept.,1918,


Organizations participating:
353d Infantry,
354th 4
355th "
356kh t
314th Engineers *
340th Machine Gun Battalion,
341st ,
342d ,
314thhield Signal baztalion
(2) Saintwiiihiel offensive, rrance, 12 *ept.-16 Sept<o1918 *6
Organizations purticiputiagg;
Slane ap in (1),
(3) Euvezin Sector, ''oul, France, 17 Sept/ .. *,-'L;9 OC.otr 18

Organizations participating6
Sume as in ( 1)
(4) Euvezin Sector, 'foul, France, 17 Septoll Novj,1918*
Organizat ons participating:
^340th Tield'Artillery,
341st ' t
t
342d ,
(5) lieusa-Argonne Offensive, Zrance, 19 cit-ll Nov.,1918*
. Organizations porticipating;
Same as in (1)o

RPL'
egm
4/8/20
$8 rvi4fld t ,6-13-1
Prepared by the Historical'Branch, War Plans Division, General Staff,
where authorities for statements are on file. Comments are invitedo

THE NINETIETH DIVISION


(National Army Insignia; Monogram of the letters T and 0 in
Red)

The Ninetieth Division was organized in August 1917# at Camp Travia, Texas*
Its personnel was composed of drafted men from the States of- Texas and Oklahoma.
The organization was G-sfollows;
179th Infantry Brigades
357th and 358th Infantry; 344th Machinewgun Battalion
180th Infantry Brigade:
359th and 360th Infantry; 345th Machineogun Battalion
343d Machine-gun Battalions
165th Field Artillery Brigade
343d and 34Ath (light) 345th (heavy) Field Artillery
315th Trench Mortar Battery
315th Engineers
315th Field Signal B'attalion
Trains

The first unit of the division to go overseas arrived in France June 23'
1918; the last element July 17, 19l8.
For traiMing purposes the division 'less artillery) was sent to the Dew
partment of'Cttv. doOr, with headquarters at Aignay le^Duc. For the same
purpose the artillery brigade went to Cnamp Hunt at Le Courneau (G-ironde)l It
did not participate in operations but rejoined the division after the armistioc
on the march int-o Germany,
On August 19, l)l8, hlhe division moved to the vicinity of Toul with heads
quarters established <at Gordreville. This move was scarcely completed when
the division was ordered to olreive the lst Division in the line in the Villers-a
onwHaye Sector north of ToQui 'vrhich relief it completed on August 24, 1918#
The division participated in the Saint Mihiel Offensive September 12o16,
1918, occupyijg the extreme right of the attacking force in the 1st Army Corps#
and forming the pivot upo6l which the advance was made south of the Saint Mihial
salient with the 82d Division on the right holding its front astride the
Moselle River *
The divirsion rammned in line in the Puvenello Sector until October lOtht
during Xwhich period it engaged in raids ofmajor and minor importance, and
participated in demonlstration condrlucted against the enemy simultaneously with
the initial attack in thon losou-Argonne Offensive, September 26v 1918a On
October 10th it was reliovedby the 7th Division, and proceeded to tUe Blercourt
area west of Verdun in the reserve of the 1st Army#
On Octpber 17th it passed to the reserve of the 3d Army Corps and on OCth
ober 22d relieved the 5th Division in line near Romagnesouswontfaucon* It
remained in front line attacking until the armistice$ November 11, 1918* The
outstanding features of this operation wrere the piercing of that part of the
Hindlenburg Line knovmn as the Freya Stiellung., and. the crossing of the Meuse
River, in which 14 villages were captured in an advance of 22 kilometers
against organized defenses
During operations the division took 1876 prisoners and its casualties
totalled 7277,
After the armistice the division was assigned to the Army of Occupation
and began its march on November 24th. The first troops of the division crossed
into Germany on December 6th, Headquarters were established at Borncastel
December 21st, and remained there until the division returned to the UnitedStates
. 'bivision Headquarters sailed from Saint Nazairo on IMay 28, 1919, and
arrit#-4 at Boston, on June 7^ 1919,
The division had 5 commanding generals as followst
Major Goneral Henry T. Allen (assigned August 25, 1917
joined Septonber 17, 1917) tto November 24, 1918; Brigadier
General J.A. Caston (ten;poiary) November 22, 1917 to December 27, 1917 ;
Brigadier General William H. Johnston (temporary), December 27, 1917 to
March 1, 1918; Brigadier General JB. O'Neil (temporary) November 24, 1918
to December 30, 1918 and Major General C.H. Martin (assigned) December
30, 1918 to Miay 28, 1919.

CMBAT SERVICE, NINEiTIETH DIVISION

(1) Villers-en-Haye Sector, France 24 Aug * 11 Sept. 1918.


Organi zations part i cipat ing:
357th Infantry
358th
359th
360th
315th Engineers
343rd Machine Gun battalion
344thh 1
345th
315th Field Signal Battalion..

(2) Saint Mihiel 0-ffensive, France 12 Sept, - 16 Sept. 1918


Organizations participating
Same as in (1)

(3) Puvenelle Sector, France, P7 Sept - 10 Oct. 19180


Organizations participating:
Same as in (1)

(4) Meuse Argonne Offensive, France 13 Oct. - 11 Nov, 1918.


Organizations participating:
'Same as in (1)

fPL- egm
6/1 /20
Bevised to 6/13/21
Prc-.,rc'l inhe ,thL i8rical Branch, War P'lanrs Divisio, (.,.noral Staff'
i-.rhc'rc7 r.uth iries for statoyrnts are on fi.lo, Coi.;nonts are invitedt

THE NI:NETY-FIRST DI .;ISIG:N,


(National Army. Insignia: Green fir tree)

The Ninety-first Division was organized in August, 1917, at Camp


Lewis, Washinlrtor,, from draft men fronlm the states of California,
Wash-
ington, Oregon), Nevada-, Utah, Idaho, Montana, and Wryoming and
the ter-
ritory of AlassiO.a
The.orgarization was as follows;
181st ln.'.'antry Brigade '
.36:.st I.r.d -52d,- Infantry; 347th Machine Gun Battalion.
182d Tnfa.ntry r ^azd;
d6.3' anfantry;
ai d : 541;h 348th Machine Gun Battalion.
166th F-i.ol]d Ar-9.i..ery Br
.%'-, igade

3463th and 34 h (~.lgh\t), 348th (heavy) Field Artllery;


t.h';;.& Battory.
3J. 6-'I Tij.rs h iinc
346th Mach:L,.ne Gun Eatt..aiOon,
316th El1g ineers
316th Field Signal Batta lion,
Traine,
The firs-; uni.t of the division arrived! in France July 20, 1918;
the last elerment July 29, 918.
For tr i
.. n fg purposes the division (less artillery) was sent to the
8th Training Area in the Departe-iaent of Haute-Marne with headquarters
at
Mont.tg -Vrl --Ri:j. For the oame purpose the arJillery brigade went to
Camp de Soure'Gi-onde) , and C erpi:Gn-*, Ferrand kpit-dCl-D3'rns)e
It never
rejoined thie d- vii-,on nor ,id it participate in cc-bat operations,
On September Ith the division Ifc, tleC training area and moved to the
vicini ty ot Goi.dlrc oourt wi th !Iea.ouarter-s at thatt p.ace,
It was assigned
to. the reserve of the ist Arner jc an Army during- the St.
Mih'iel Offensive
and headqquartors were . -i -sh
1;st al (i a-c SOi^CJV. SeptebLber 11, 3.9- 8
The success of the Sc, MiJ.iel Of ensive boii - assureu the concen-
tration of troopi preFjaratori to the iMuse- Argonne Offensi.ve began dur-
ing the stabilj.zation of the lines in the St. Mihiel SaliE-nt,
The 'div -
ision moved to the Vavincour-s area Sentember 14, to the vjc.-r.ity of
Autrecourt September 17, and. on Septeniber 20, it wMas concont.-ated
in
the Forct de Hesne. On Septemnber 26, it attacked. Gon a frCnt, extending
from Vauquois to a poinlt about three kilometers east therPof Passing
through the Bois de Cheppy it made an advance of about eir-ht
kilometers
capturing the towns cf Very, Epii!onvill , Ecliseon-'aine and Gesnes.
The troops vwere withdr,-awin fLrom the las-.naomeu pace, a neit and shorter
line havinT been es+,ablishfcd by thie colrpq; the rest of the Tround
(ained
was held against stron- -counterattacks and on October 4 the division
was relieved by the. 32.;. DI vi.i..on and went to the v-a.izni y o f C)ntrisson,
On October 6 the 18ist B-Igaae was attached successively to the
1st and
32d Divisions ana particjpa..+.F:d in the att.ack until relieved on October
12 when it- rejoineid t; 1 di.-;i an. 4
On October 16' the divis-cn entrained for Belgium. Arriving October
18 it was placed at the disoosa:. o' H. M. the King of Beli.um commanding
the Group of Armies in Flanders, and was assigned to the French 7th Corpt,
The division relieved tbhe'FTennh. 164th Divisiion ini line October 30 and
participated in the Ypres-Lys OrffnSrive October 3. - vlomber 4, 1918,
During this operation it attacked and held Spitaa). Boscl-en a strongly
fortified wood, captured the towtn of Au4der.arde and drove -the enery east
of
the Scheldt Riverr On November 4th the div; sicn -tJas relieved in line and
withdrew to the area east Of Vive St. Eloi writhl hcadqtarters at Oostro-
osebeke, On November 8 itt passed from the itrotich 74h Ctrps to the French
30th Corps and entered the Tro.t line again Novemb-r ljp e.,paraatory to
the resumption of the attack- and: the crossing of the Scheldt River.
During the operations aikd division took 2,412 prisoners. Its cas-.
ualties -totalled 5,778. ,
After the armistice November 11, 1918, the division remained in
Belgium until January when it moved to the Le Mans Embarkation Center
preparatory to its return to the United States.
Division headquarters sailed from St, Nazaire April'6, 1919,
and arrived at New York April i6 1919,
The division had four commanding generals as follows
Major General Henry A. Green (assigned) August 25, 1917 to June 19,
1918; Brigadier General James A, Irons (temporary) November 24, 1917 to
December 25, 1917; Brigadier General F. S. Foltz (tenporary) pecembe
25, 1-917 to March 2, 1912, and June 19, 1918 to Au-ukt 31, 1918; Ma'r
General William H. Johnston (assigned) AuFust 31, 19i8 to demnobiliz tion.

COha3AT SERVICE, NINETY-FIRST DIVIS ON*

(1) (I/:) St. Mihiel offensive, France, 12 SeppL - 16 SeIt 1918,


361st Infantry^
n
362d
363d I'
t
364th
345th Machine Gun Battalion.
T
347th A a
348th t' b
316th Engineers,
316th Field Signal Battalions
(2) Meuse--Argonne offensive, France* 26 Sept, -W, Oct'.. l 918.c
Same as in (1)
(3) Meuse--Argonne offensive, France, 8 Oct, - 12 Oct*, 1918.
361st Infantry.
tt
362d
347th; IMviachine Gun Battalion.
(4) Ypres-Lys offonsive, Belgium, 31 Oct. - 4 Nov., 1918.
Same as in (1)
(5) Ypres-Lys offensive, Belgiumg 10 Nov. - 11 Nov., 1918.
Same as in (1).

Revised to 3-30C"21
RPL-egm

IRc . soO. to 6/17/21


C'q7I

-82 -
O
roa ro 1
n t&
thII
inYI- ic .... i.l :., .]i;'ar v.
,i^' b G ncral StUft
".^hcrc authoritiOs fo o-',&t' m6A'rm oaro o- f/ Co tvited^
7
,- * r v1 . ^.,: e9'Tt. i4 loloN

C, or d, SI
sigh.a; St.balo An l
tlack circle on oliVe
(Nationhtl Arny
- d.at fielid,)
d.

The Nillety-s,2co n d; DivisLon was organized in October, 1917,1 at Camps


from
Funstont GraIt, 1pcige, Upton, 1Mleade and Dix from National Army drafts
all par'ts of thie-ftunited States The division was assembled at Camp Upton,
N.Yol in June, l^ib3+
ThA orgsf14.zation was as follows:
183d TnfLnattr y Bri grade
d
365tV- and 366t-h Infantry; 350th Machine-gun Battalion#
184th nlfattry 1Brigade;
367th and. 368t; Infantry; 351st Machirw-gun Battalion*
167th Field Arti lery Brigade:
349th a-d 350 th ( ig-lt); 351st (heavy) Field Artillery 3317th
Tr. nch1 Mortar Batt ery
349th Mviachine-gun Battalion.
317th Ensi-rlCI3r'il
317th Fieid Signal BattnSlon*
Trains,
Thae fi~rOt unit of the divition arrived in Frante June 19, 1918f tho
last, element Ju1 18, 1918,
For training purposes the division (less artillery) was sent to the'
llth Traininr A r) aa wi'-,.n headquarters at," Bourbonrenjes Bsint3 -'(Hute-Wlarna)
For the
h aame purpose th'e artjil.^y bri r&dE w-lin ' La Cortine (reuse
It reioined the division inr -thLh i\arbac-he S c't or (Lorrain)- Cct, 21, 1918t
On .Agust 11 th^ divirsio ^ent *tc thc Vus->s 8viih head quart era at Bruyeress
On August 24 it commetnced the reljier of the 5th DivJ sion in the St4 DBi
Sector,' completing the re.lief A Agust 3:L I t mainnd
m in line until sepo
tember 21, "th~n it prOceqd-d tG -che vicinity of Triju ourt (Meuss)*
Oxn September 25 t hg clivis-on, 1esP, the 368 bhI r.atry arnuJhe artil'
lery brigade constituted' he reserve of the 1St A6rmd. (Corpc ,1\ the- Meuse
Argonne Offensivie' and tras acsel in thlee-woC, ncrthOv/et of G01r1nnt,
The 368th Infantvry fo ,m:ed a part of the, conat
-^bat .aia; wI r. theo French
4th Army and- the .Amricran 1. Ariry Sey.i 2o to CctobVr ^,. R1 gn
September 29th th\ d i7i sion esS C or- 0
&;^rt-y b.rg,;,ade, ie .rxieery an-
1
the engineersowas .'a<d at < dj ,-sp o S.X, - hi . 3Ctih Frenc h Army Corns
operating-, in the Apo<n re pFo- w ere iJ. foe t re0s'rVe
Phe of the French
.1pt Dismounted. CavJ^y Division. 'n e^tbo;1 3 jt was rel ieved and pl aced
at the disposal c-f 11:^ l Ai erifj .r~my 6id assi^^.d at 1st Corps ReserveT
on October 4 itL w-s as~ignaed, to the 4l i .<r
r r,ca Cc nZ^ aiid proceeded to the
A-
vicinity of To.i).l\v 2 onr O-october 9 it .-elieved the 49th French Division in
the Marbache Sector, . It pa,,,sed f^oom +'-4r, i^c Crp? o the *6th C--ps
o on
October The divicio.n pParticipated in, th, attack of the .2d American-
'%
A rMy November 1 -- 3 1 1'13^ ope^rating wvt. of th Selllle River along the
heights on both bank,; o0 t-l iAlOe; I"ea Pi>v er. in thvi diect ion of C. rnyo
D~nur.Sg *'operations the di.vision took (8 prisoners,- and its casualties
totalled 1642# - .
After tbe armistic-e the divi sion remained in the oc-upied area utE1
tho middle of DectrLiber w/h P n i t proceeded to .he Le Msnn Embarkation Cantel.
preparatory to ' its 'rEl-turn to the United Statts, ,
Division iea4quar tans sailed from n.est on February ,71 1)19 and
arrived at New Yor& en Februlary 17, 1919.,
The division- nd - commandinT generals as foilovs-
.re^
Maijor General Charles .C Ba.14u from October 30, 19.7'to Novemsr 16
19183'Major General Char es Ho Ma-t:n from November 16, 19318 to December
-13, 1913;' Brigadier General J4 XI Erwin from December 13, 1918 to February
7 w 1919;
e/' \
COMBAT SERVICE NiNhY-SECOND DIVISIO ,
(l) Sto Die Sector, Vosgos) Fxernc0 . 29 Aug, - '2 bept t 1918,
Organizataions. pareicipatin g;
365th-Infantry*
0
366th '
367th - J
360th *

349th Machine"gun Battai ont


350th t t
351s9' . .
317th Enginierst
317th Field Signal Battalion,
*et'> g i'Ac14I tt 92~
191&
I a., .,
365th Inf2atry 6 w 4 Oct, 1918*
ScEPt *
366th " . ~ - 29 Soptct 19i8,
35'7th lt . 26
Sopt 4 In 29 Soput, 19184
3491.t Machine Gun Battalian 26
Pt 4
Sery w 4 Oct#^ 19184
3 50-th . " tt 226 ^ 29 Soptt 1918*
26
351st w 11 Noyv, 1918*
soptco
317th Engincors 26
Soptt * 29 Sop0to 1918*
31ith Fisld Signal Battalion 26
(3) Mouse Argonno Offonsivc*
(Cha.pagno ) Franc , Oct* s 19180
30 Sopta.
a,4
367th Infantry i <l 1918
~ 26 Scpt^ Y4 Oct,
368th r Sopti s 4
Oct* 1918
349th Machino Gun Battalion 30.
30
Sept; U 4
Oct v 1918
351st it o f
Sept *. 4 octal 1918,
317th Field Signal Battalian 30
(4) Miarbacho Soctor, Lcrraino, Franco# 9
Oct
Octs W11
114 Novto
Ne1s 1918,

Saoe as in (l) loss 317th Enginoors


Oct - 11 Nov, 1918*
(5)' Marbache Soator, Lorraino, Franco$ 23
349th Fiold Artillory *
350th "
351st "

Revised to 6-13*21
RPLsegn ow , u4' -^
Prepared in tho Historical Brancht Wea Plans Divisior, Gonoral StaffS
whoro authorities for statormonts aro on Vilo Cornrxants aro invitodo
NINETY-THIRD DIVISIONS

Colored.

(National Ammy. Iasignia; A French helmet in blue superimposed on a black


circle.)

*o moo "orm

In compliance with War Department instructions orncmization of the 93d


Division was begun at Camp Stuarty Newport News# Vat, in December, 1917.
The nucle'us of the division was composed of men from Connecticut, the District
of Columbiaj Illinois, Marylando Massuchusetts, New York, Ohio, Tennessee,
and South Carolina,
The diviscn was never fully organized, only headquarters and the 185th
and 186th.' Infantry Brigades being formed. The Commanding Generral assumed
command of the division at Camp Stuart, Newport News, Va., in December, 1917,
at which time the infantry regiments of the organisation wsre stationed at
various widely separated posts in thre United Sta;us5
Upon arrival .in France toedqua.ers was stai-ioned at Durssur--Seine (Aube)
pending the arrive and as3sembly of the u.rnits of the divisions 'These unite,
however, consisting of tho 369thn 37%th, 3;lst and 312 Infaxttry Regiments were
brigaded with the French Army, and in May, 19-8, the personnel of headquarters
was attached to the 1st anJ 4r3] Di.visions pendiingr the courgbwjpJlated re-assembling
of the 93d Divibsion. It was ;aever rewatssembleod, although never formally
dissolvedt and its history therPfore resolves itself into the histories of
its four infantry regiments. .

369TH INFANTRY.

This regiment was organized in April$ 1917, as the 15th New York Infantryt
a national guard uni't but upon arrriv al in France it was designated as the
369th Infantry, The regi -w-r;t arrived at trest, December 26, 1917, Thence it
>
oved .to Sa,41f. Nazgize, ;Ja;la8y 1. Is98,rem-aining thte until March- 13" 19-18,
when it proceeded to G/ivryen^Argonne Upon arrival March 15, 1918, it
was attached to. the 16t Disitiou 8+h Army Corp9, <.17h .French Army, for
purposes of inst.uct:on aDd traixing Beg'!nnng Aprl-.1 8, 1918, the bttalions
of the regiment wer(, t, c 2eive.ly pl.ceod .i f*.ont line sector with French
troops. nort'ah of Sai.tT-eMenehould, in the Champagnle,, The regiment'.held this ;
articipated-in thellarne
sector until' July 5'? l?'..E, . IX prrt~icip~ted Defensive,
July 15 to 18, 1918in l 0tAe sne
s ^a.,ia Off nsis c Iul t1 -to 2U 1918 and.'
hoffnoriSve op -ations of thie WI\th Frerch Airay on -the hampagne front
ir the
Septembtter ,?.,6 t~o 'yit9.U3 On O3ctober i4, .9iQ, Sthe reg;inentf es part of the
161st Division 7?re chi c to- which it has6 been assigned on JTuly: 15th, proceedid
ts uAlsace;* Th3e battal~iotls of t-he 36&t:" Inyvantry. took' oer' sections of front
line in the VosWe, w.hih they helxun.til Wven;-Dev lla 1918,: After the armitioe
the regiment became a,'oart of tho French Arr.yj c fooupailon^ On December 8B
19182 it was relieved ioa duty- tdlh the 1I-e.nc- Arxys and prooeaded to the
lie Mans Embarkation Cen-te- p~eparat-jry to its return to t4.e United State:
The regiment aailed from 3rest Febr iary 2, 1919w and arriyed at New Yirk
l
February 12; 1919-

370TH INFANTY,

:Thi s'regment WaJ.organized fromthe 8;th Illinoi (National Guard) Itf


arrived in Frn we in Aprili 1918 and trained wi th varou' French divisiOn '
until August 31a 1918, during which period detachments of the regiment were
in front line positions. On Septemijer 15' 1918i the regiment as a part of the
59th Division, French, wrant into lirib in th- -Valai. ronArea, northeast of
Soissons s and participated in the Oise-Aisne Off ensive, September l7 to Ootober
12 3918 and Octfber;34 to Novembe;r 1I, 1918, The regiment embarked for the
Ulited States at Brest, February 1 1919, 0and arrived at New York February 9
:
, . s . .. " - .-* .. . ** .

371ST INFANTRY

This regiment vfrrived in France in April, 1918, andas an independent


unit of the 13th French Arrmy Corps was in training from April 26 to June 6,
i9183j in the vicinity of BarwleoDuct It joined -the68th Division/ French ,
6i June 136 19180 ipi the vicinity of Verdun, remaining in suplprt :of thisa uit
until June 22, 1918, From June 23 to S3ptember .14, 1918, the regiment was
in line n *tlfw-v; .erdun Sct-orx- It. p.rticipated, in the off enssive oprati-ns
of the 4th FYrench a.rmy on tihe. hampa-gne front Septemb;xer 27 to Ctober 6,
1918, in the 157th Division, 9th French Armny Corps, The 157th Division
tras withdrawn from the lirne Ootouer 6, 19183 and proceeded to the Alsace
Sector, Vosgeas, The regiment wti.s )in line in this Sector fronm October 1C
to Novembtr 11, 1918, It was vwithdrawn November 15, 1918, and proceeded to
the Le Muns EmbarkCation Center preparatory to returning to the United States'
The regiment sailed from Brest February 3, 3919X9 and arrived at 14ew York,
February 11, 1919,

372D INFANTRYk

This regiment, arrived at Saint Nas aire, in April, 1918, and proceeded
to the. training center in the wicinity of Givry-en^Argonne for duty with the
French Army, From June 6 to July 14 19.18 and from July 2,6 to September 9
1918, the regiment was in line in zhe Argonne' Sectoxe It participv4tid in
the offensive operations of the 4th French Army on the Champagne front
September 26, to October 7, 1918, in the. 157th Division, .9th Frtench Army
Corps, The regiment proceeded to the Vosges on October 11th where it occupied
a sector of front from October l3, to November l1th, It remained in the
Vosges until January 1, 1919,/when it proceeded to -the Le Mans Embarkation
Cen;er preparatory to returning to the United States.* The reginent sailed
from Brest on February 3, 1919, and arr'ved at New York on February 12, 1919.
The casualties of the four infantry re iment.ae 93d Division, were
3166 killed and -woun ed *

BATTLE PARTIIPAIZON OF THE 369TH INFiNTYRY.


(1) Champagne Secttor FranceS, 8 April - 4 July, 1918,
21 July - 19 Augs, 1918.
26 Allgr * 2 SepttI 191e
Organizations participatingi
369th Infantry.
(2) Chamqage*wI'Lfarn e . f enaive France, 15 July - 18 July, 1918,
C0t ,gaon_ pLn r 4lcIp P &LT,
I

(3.) Aisne"Miarne Of fEnaive, France .13 Jul;y - 20' July 1918


4

Organizations participating:
Same as in (1)J,
(4). 1euse^-Argonne Cffensive (Champagni) 'Franc, , 26 Siept. 30 Sept, 1 e.8
Orgcaniations participzatifig?
- Same as in ( l) .
5.) Thur Sector Vos ges, France *
Orgnmizations participe.atint
Same as-in (l) .

BAiTTLE PAICIPATION OF THE 370TH INFIAMJFTR

(1) Saint Mihiel Sect.ort 33 JUA6 3 Juyj,I 9LO,


Organiza tions participating;
370th In:fantry,
(A) Argonne Sector, .1 Aku~7i - I5 s^ >., 191.
Organizations partic'ipating;
Same as in (1) .
(3) 'Cise*^Aisne Off<8nsive, Frai'eB 17 Sept. - 12 Oct,, 1918.
Organizations 6 artci Pp'ating 24 Oct, - 11 Nov.t, I9.8
Same- as in (1)t

BATTLE PARTICIPATION OF THE 371ST l!FANliiTY.Y

Verdun Sector, France


V1) ' 13 June 21. 3opt, 1n1.-
,.Organizations participating;
'371st Infantry,
(2) Mleuse-Argoenne Offensive (ChanpaOe)
? Frrance, 27'ent.. - C'et, lwl,
Organizalions participating;. .
Samne as in (l1) . ^ * * *
(3) 'Alsace Sect-r (Vosges), Franc^o 16 O'*t. -*n it-v. 391t.
Dr. ani" z-zion )Ar-tiEocipati n:
Sac.'S;lf,' is ('l) ,

-2-
-5I.!*
BATTLE PARTICIPATION OF- THE 372D INFiN'RYI

(1) Argonne Sector, France, 6 June'- 14 July, 1918s


26 July ~ 9 Sept J 1918 .
Organizations participating:
372d Infantry.
(3) Meuse Argonne Offensive (Champagne), France, 26 Sept# - 7 Oct*, 1910*
Organizations participating:
Same as in (l),
(3) Vosges Sector, France, ' 13 Octo, 11 Nov.,, 1918.
Organization's part iipatings:
Same as in (I)J

RPL-oEGM
7/16/20.
i

Movia -to 3/.30/21 -57-


RPL:ogm

*-3
Prrsperod in the Htitorical Branoh$ Wa lr class ivision, General itarff
wShoro ..uthri-i'it1<,.-3 i.,; l /nv 'Lro
aO on filu,i .-C :,ncnts
> 'r; invit.d.
A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE

NINETY FIFTH DIVISION,

Pursuant to letter of instructions from The adjutant Generalof the


-Army, dated September 5, 1918p the organization of the 95th Division
was begun at Camp Sherman, Ohio. The organization of the Division was to
comply in every respect with Series "A", Tables of Organization, dated
January 14, 1918*

One Infantry Brigade, the 189thj including the 359th Machine Gun
Battalion was to be organized in France by the Commander in Chiefs
American Expeditionary Force. Subsequent instructions directed the orEaniza-
tion'of the 359th Machine Gun Battalion at Camp Sherman, Ohio*

The Artillery Brigade and tho Ammunition Train were directed to be


organized at Camp Taylor, Kentucky* The officers of the Division were in
the main promptly assigned to the Division and reported at Camp Sherman,
Ohios The Artillery officers reported at Camp Taylor, Kentucky4

Five hundred and eighty-five (585) enlisted men) suitable for appoint-
ment as nonconmissioned ofsicers, were transferred to the 95th Division
from Camp Lee, Van These men had had more or less training previous to
transfer to the 95th Divisions

The: organization of the Ensineer Regilcnt and Train vere. never


definitely fixed as to location, and no part of the personnel for these
units was over designated.

The Division staff reported for duty during the first two weeks of
October, the officers of the Division staff being graduates of the Staff
Course organized at the War College during month of August.

Eleven hundred (1100) recruits were transferred to the Division


of
from the 158th Depot Brigadeat Camp Sherman during the latter part
Octoober

Under telegraphic instructions from the War Department' 3000 Replacement


during
Troops were turned over to the Division at Camp Sherman for training
assigned
the last week of October, 900 of these recruits being subsequently
to the 95th Division*

The organization of the Headquarters of -all units of the Division at


was
Camp Shernan was completed, and equipment as far as obtainable
furnished to all these organizations*

Brigadier Gendral Mi C. Smith was assigned to duty with the 95th


the Divisionr
Division, and reported October 24th, taking command of

the organization of the Artillery units at Camnp Taylor was promptly


units being
affected, and training begun, the enlisted personnel for these
were received directing the demtbilization
about 75c1o complete when orders
of the Division*

Orders for tto demobilization of the Division were. received during


the first week in December, and the demobilization of all units were
ot trans-
completed December 21, 1918, the enlisted men being discharged
desire to be discharged receiving their
ferred, and all officers signifying
officers of the Regular Army and those desiring com-
discpares, and all
uLssigned
nissions in the same placed on duty with the 95th Division
December 22> 1918,

B.cvisv 1- i o 6/15/21
: t !
t^i '- .3. '-i* i-n ' ; ._t-ric . 3ranch1 ? a r il .I v- , fOn r:. w s-L.f
vhore, ^ti ^os
X->rb foX statoimonts are on file.. onir Hio i nvi-u.
THE NINETY-SIXTH DIVISION

(National Army)

The Ninety-Sixth Division was directed to be organized


under authority of letter of instruction from The Adjutant
General of the Army to the Commanding General, Camp Wadsworth
S*C., dated September 5th, 1919,

The organization was to have been as follows;

191st Infantry Brigade;


381st and 382nd Infantry; 362nd Machine Gun Bn
192hd
a Infa.ntry Brigade:
383rd and 38tbh Infantry; 363rd Machine Gun Bn.
171st Fia3Ld Artilleery Brj.gade;
64th, 65th, and 66th Field Artillery; 22nd
.rench Mortar Battery.
361st. Mac'Ln 4e Gun Ba-ttalion
321st Engineers
621st Field Signal Battalion*
Train s

The 191st Infantry Brigade was to have been organized


in France and the 171st Field Artillery Brigade, at Canmp
Kearney, California. The 192nd * Infantry Brigade, the 621st
, Field Signal Battalion and the 21Lst Sanitary Train were
partly organized at Camp Wadsworth, S-C*, but upon the
signing of the armistice, Novembe& llth, 1918, further
effort in this direction stopped and the division ceased to
exist on January 7th, 1919,

The division had one commanding general, Major General


Guy Carleton from October 200 1918 to demobilizationP

.I * *. .
PP .
4/28/ 21
RST .
Prrpare ' in oho His-L.:-c.l Brvnch, e Ie n Divioi
I, Gnr:.' Staff
r"hcrC R:u-th.ritii-.:. fr;.1. c'nrl1tS oAiln filoo CoiiUOlnt, r--o inv
.i'4Ol

THE NINETY-SEVENTH' IVISIOMN

(National 1Ajy) ,

_ _' _ o _ _ i , . .

The Ninety-seventh Division was organized at 'Camp Cody,- New'Mexica,


\ .;"

in September, 1918, fromi'drafted men mnainly of Oklahoma and' Ivinne so0ta,

The organization of the division was never completed* The following

units tere assembled at Camp Cody:

387th Infantry.
tt
383th
366th Machine Gun Battalion.
Traine*

The 172d Field Artillery Brigade consisting of the 61st, 62d and

63d Field Artillery Regiments, and 21st Trench Mortar Battery, and the 322d

Ammunition Train were organized at Camp Jackson, South Carolina. The

nucleus of the 322d Engineer Regiment and train was organized at Camp

Humphrey, Va,) but never joined the division,

The several units of the division were demobilized in Decenmbert

1918, Their combat strength at the time of demobilization wras 402 officers

q.nd 7889 men.

The division had two commanders as follows:

Colonel iA Martins September 26 to October 25, 1913^


A.
Brigadier General Jas, R, Lindsay, October 25, l918, to demobilization.

Revised to 4-22-21,
RPL-egm
Prxp<- Co i :n t :lsit or ic-'i t-r.st ls ' .:1 r.1
.:j. i;, i c f or. }t; C; ".1-
i ;cP..?"
or st .c Gs C rc 1i,.
*
A BRIE F ItISTORY OF THE

NINETY-EIGHTIH DIVISION

The 98th I stion was to have been organized in September,


1918, at Camp Mctellan, Annliston, Alabama, but was never 'actually
formed. The 52d and 53d Pioneer Regiments f InFtantry were to have
forned the Aucleus for the Division, the designations of these Regi-
ments were to have been changed to the 38Oth and 390th Regiments of
Infantry, respectively. Owin"n to the airninZ of the.Armistice, the
organization of this Division was never commenced and it existed
in name only.

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pr~ .rcet.,.>in hc !"is'i: ::ica.l rpn~sIh,


< * .. r- rl *" -! 8 .':*J;vi-s~i '.i, i^-zci-.-l S'-@i ff,
rhL,,r-C 'uih *i ic s fotr.tt. t Lre -o n fir' C; Ecnts . i. v,tc. +'

i A BRI:F IISTORY OF THE

NINETY-NINTH DIVISION,
i ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ .

The 99th Division was to have been organized in September,


1918, at Canip Vtiheeler, Macon, Georgia, but was never actually
formed. The 54tih and 55th Pioneer Infantry Re[iments were to have
furnished the nucleus for the Division, the desirnations of these
Rerimen-tS were to have been changed to the 393d and 394th Infantry
Regiments, respectively. Owing, to the si-ninr of the Armistice
the organization of the Division was n ver commenced and it existed
in namee only.

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