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NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL

SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING


AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD

PAGE
1 OF 23

DATE

REF DOC.
ATS-UT-001

REVISION
0.0

AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD


OPERATING PROCEDURE
ULTRASONIC TESTING

PREPARED BY

APPROVED

Name:

Name: J. AFFANDI

Signature:

Signature:

Date :

Date :

REVISION STATUS:
S.NO
1

REVISION No.

DATE

DESCRIPTION
FIRST ISSUE

STANDARD PRACTICE INSTRUCTIONS/OPERATING PROCEDURES CONTAINED IN


THE COMPANY QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEM ARE CONTROLLED BY THE
QUALITY ASSURANCE MANAGER AND MAY NOT BE IN ANY WAY REVISED OR
AMENDED WITHOUT HIS AUTHORITY.
The signatures above indicate Review and Authorization of all the numbered pages in this Standard
Document.

Page 1 of 23

NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL


SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING
AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD

PAGE
2 OF 23
REF DOC.
ATS-UT-001

DATE
REVISION
0.0

CONTENTS
1.

SCOPE

2.

REFERENCE DOCUMENT

3.

QUALIFICATIONS

4.

RESPONSIBILITIES

5.

PROCEDURES

6.

REPORTING

7.

ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA

8.

ATTACHMENTS

9.

DOCUMENTS

Page 2 of 23

NDE PROCEDURE -GENERAL


SUBJECT: ULTRASONIC TESTING
AMIGOS TECHNICAL SERVICES (S) PTE LTD

PAGE
3 OF 23
REF DOC.
ATS-UT-001

DATE
REVISION
0.0

ABBREVIATION
API

- AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE

AWS

- AMERICAN WELDING SOCIETY

ASME - AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS


ASTM - AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING MATERIALS
ASNT - AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING
MHz

- MEGA HERTZ

IOW

- INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF WELDING

IIW

- INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF WELDING

DAC

- DISTANCE AMPLITUDE CORRECTION

FSH

- FULL SCREEN HEIGHT

dB

- DECIBELL

CRT

- CATHODE RAY TUBE

HAZ

- HEAT AFFECTED ZONE

Page 3 of 23

1.0

SCOPE
This procedure is prepared to inspect base metal and fusion welded butt joints in ferritic
steel by Manual Ultrasonic Method.

2.0

REFERENCE DOCUMENTS
2.1

ASME Section V- Article-4, 5 & 23 (2007 Edition )


Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code

2.2

ASME /ANSI B31.3 (2008 edition)


Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping

2.3
3.0

QUALIFICATIONS
3.1
3.2

4.0

AWS-D 1.1 (2008 edition) Structural Welding Code

The Personnel who carry out Ultrasonic Testing shall be qualified Level-II as per
SNT-TC-1A (2006).
Alternately a level-1 qualification is acceptable, provided the work is carried out
under the direct supervision of a qualified Level-2 Technician.
him.

RESPONSIBILITIES
An Ultrasonic Operator / UT Technician shall be responsible for performing ultrasonic
examination according to this procedure.

5.0

PROCEDURES
5.1

EQUIPMENT
5.1.1

Ultrasonic Flaw Detector shall be Portable; Pulse echo unit with rectified
A Scan display. (E.g. KrautkramerUSK6, USK7, USK7D or equivalent).

Page 4 of 23

5.1.2

5.1.3

5.2

Straight Beam search units shall be of standard manufacturer, either twin


or single crystal with a nominal frequency of 4 MHz-5 MHz for less than
50 mm job thickness and 2.0 -2.5 MHz for job more than 50 mm job
thickness, crystal diameter of 10 25mm.
Angle Beam search units shall be of standard manufacturer, either twin or
single crystal with a nominal frequency of 4 MHz-5 MHz for less than 50
mm job thickness and 2.0 -2.5 MHz for job more than 50 mm, crystal
dimensions of 8x9mm or 10mm.

REFERENCE BLOCKS
5.2.1
5.2.2
5.2.3
5.2.4
5.2.5

Reference blocks used for equipment calibration shall be as follows


IIW or V1 Block
V2 (Din 54122) Block
IOW Beam Profile Block
Basic Calibration Block of ASME Section-V, Article-5

5.3

COUPLANT
5.3.1 A suitable coupling medium for acoustic transmission is required.
5.3.2 Glycerin, light machine oil, cellulose paste, non-corrosive gel or
equivalent may be used.
5.3.3 Suitable high temperature grease shall be used as a couplant when doing
high temperature testing.

5.4

CALIBRATION OF EQUIPMENT
5.4.1

Manufacturers certificate of calibration shall be available with each new


flaw detection unit. Annual re-calibration and certification shall be carried
out by manufacturers agent or recommended third parties.

5.4.2. In addition to the above, the ultrasonic operator shall carry out following
equipment checks prior to conducting any test.
Time base linearity
Screen Height
Linearity
Amplifier linearity
Probe resolution
Probe Index

5.4.3

Equipment Performance checks as per


Attachment-I

Probe characteristics check as per


Attachment-II

A record for all equipment checks shall be maintained in the standard


format.

Page 5 of 23

5.5

SURFACE CONDITION
5.5.1
5.5.2
5.5.3

5.6

Scanning surface shall be smooth, clean and free of scale, spatter, pitting,
paint or any imperfection that might impair the coupling between the
probe and the work piece.
Dressing of weld profile may be carried out to eliminate or resolve
confusing surface echoes/mode conversions.
Where it is otherwise impossible for the ultrasonic beam to interrogate the
full cross-section of the weld, the weld profile shall be dressed smooth.

TRANSFER CORRECTION
5.6.1

5.6.2
5.6.3
5.6.4
5.6.5
5.6.6
5.6.7

5.6.8
5.6.9

Transfer correction shall be carried out to compensate for differences in


surface condition and material composition between calibration block and
test component. It is a requirement to determine a transfer correction
factor and adjust basic sensitivity prior to any test. It shall be carried out as
follows:
Connect two shear wave probes of same angle, type to the UFD in
transmitter & Receiver mode.
Position the probes on the basic calibration block facing each other.
Maximize the Full skip distance echo and keep it at 80% of full screen
height (Refer Fig.5.1). Mark the signal on the UFD screen.
Reposition the probes in order to get the double skip distance echo and
maximize it (Refer Fig.5.2). Mark the signal on the screen.
Join the two points together in a straight line marked across the screen
(Refer Fig.5.3).
Without altering the gain control setting, transfer the probes to the surface
of the test piece. Using the same method described above, obtain peaked
signals at full and double skip distances. Join the peaks together in a
straight line on the flaw detector screen.
The difference in dB between the two lines at comparable time base range
represents the transfer correction factor.
The transfer correction factor shall be added to the primary reference level
prior to the commencement of examination.

Page 6 of 23

Sketches for Transfer Correction Factor


Transmit

Receive

Full skip distance

Figure 5.1

Transmit

Receive

Double skip distance


Figure 5.2

80%FSH

Line 1
Line 2

TCF

T est piece at
Full Skip
Basic Cal. Block
at Full Skip

Basic Cal. Block


at Double Skip
T est piece at
Double Skip

Figure 5.3

Page 7 of 23

5.7

BEAM PATH CALIBRATION, SENSITIVITY SETTING AND DAC


5.7.1
5.7.2
5.7.3
5.7.4

5.7.5
5.7.6
5.7.7
5.7.8
5.8

Beam path Calibration and sensitivity setting shall be made by the


ultrasonic operator at the work location, immediately prior to he
commencement of test.
Straight beam calibration shall be made to display at least two back wall
echoes on the CRT screen.
Straight beam sensitivity shall be adjusted such that the first back wall
echo is set at 80% FSH.
Angle beam calibration shall be made for the beam path length that is
sufficient to ensure complete coverage of weld. This may vary from 0-0.5
Skip Beam Path to 1.5 Skip Beam Path depends up on accessibility for
scanning.
Angle beam sensitivity shall be set using a DAC curve in accordance with
the requirements of the applicable code as described in the attachment-III.
Scanning sensitivity shall be 6 dB above the primary sensitivity.
The flaw detector unit shall have minimum 20dB gain in reserve above
basic sensitivity.
Recalibration of beam path shall be made every 30 minutes during testing,
after any change of probe, coaxial cable or battery, or after any change of
work location.
Suppression control shall be off during calibration.

TEST PROCEDURE
5.8.1
5.8.2
5.8.3
5.8.4

5.8.5

Straight beam examination shall be carried out on the base metal to ensure
that the angle beam scanning area is free of lamination or any
imperfections that might interfere with the angle beam test.
Any area of base metal with indications excess or equal to back wall echo
or any area in which the back wall echo is completely lost shall be
reported.
Straight beam examination of attachment welds shall be carried out where
access is possible.
Scanning patterns for angle beam probes shall be established in
accordance with size and geometry of the test joint. Selection of probe
angles and scanning surface shall be designed to achieve optimum
coverage of weld metal volume.
Scanning patterns for each joint type shall be specified in a technique
sheet appended to this procedure.

Page 8 of 23

5.8.6
5.8.7
5.8.8
5.9

EVALUATION OF INDICATIONS
5.9.1
5.9.2
5.9.3
5.9.4
5.9.5
5.9.6

5.10

Probe movement during scans shall be a combination of lateral and


traversing actions. Each scan shall overlap by at least 10%. Rotational and
orbital probe movements shall be used for assessment of indications.
Transverse scanning shall be carried out from weld cap if possible.
Alternately scanning shall be done on the parent metal adjacent to weld at
an angle of <15 to the weld axis.
The rate of search unit movement (scanning speed) shall not exceed 150
mm per second

All assessment and evaluation of indications shall be carried out with


primary reference level after deducting 6dB scanning sensitivity.
Care should be taken to ensure only relevant indications are reported as
discontinuities.
Cross-sectional size of discontinuities shall be determined using 20dB
drop technique or maximum amplitude drop technique.
Length of discontinuities shall be determined using 6dB drop method.
The type of discontinuity (i.e., Planar/Cylindrical /Spherical /Linear) shall
be evaluated by noting signal response to various scans and various
angles.
A reference zero datum mark shall be made on the work piece surface. All
rejectable discontinuities shall be marked relative to zero datum.

EXAMINATION OF REPAIRS
5.10.1 Repairs shall be re-examined using the same procedure used for the
original examination.
5.10.2 The extent of examination shall include the repaired area plus 100mm at
either end.
5.10.3 A new report, with relevant repair number, shall be written for all repaired
welds retested.

5.11

POST INSPECTION CLEANING


5.11.1 When required, post inspection cleaning shall be accomplished to remove
residual inspection materials (couplant) by flushing with a solvent based
cleaner then finally wiping with rags.

5.12

SAFETY
5.12.1 Care shall be exercised during inspection with due regard to safety and the
fact that the standard Ultrasonic Flaw Detectors used by the company are
NOT considered intrinsically safe and also Permits shall be required for
hazardous areas.
Page 9 of 23

6.0

REPORTING
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4

7.0

Reporting requirements shall be as specified by the Client or the Contract


Document.
All examination results shall be reported in standard format.
A sketch depicting cross-sectional area and circumferential location shall be made
for all rejectable discontinuities.
All restricted areas that are not scanned with complete coverage shall be reported
with full explanation of restriction.

ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
7.1
7.2

The acceptance criteria shall be in accordance with clients requirements.


However, unless otherwise specified the minimum acceptance criteria shall be in
accordance with the latest editions of the following documents:
i) AWS D1.1 (2008 Edition) - For Structural Steel Work
ii) ASME B31.3 (2008 Edition) - For Process Piping
iii) ASME Section-VIII Div.1 & 2 (2007 Edition)
For Pressure Vessels
iv) API 1104(2005) - For Pipelines

8.0

ATTACHMENTS
I - Equipment Performance Check
II - Probe Characteristics Check
III - Construction of DAC Curve

9.0

DOCUMENTS
9.1
Technique sheet UT-T 001
Technique sheet UT-T 002
Technique sheet - UT-T 003
Ultrasonic Examination Report
Sketch Format for Ultrasonic Examination Report

Page 10 of 23

ATTACHMENT-I
ULTRASONIC FLAW DETECTOR PERFORMANCE CHECK
1.0

INTRODUCTION

This is intended to provide detailed methods and techniques for assessment and calibration of
Ultrasonic Flaw Detector, as required by UT-01 Section 8.2.
2.0

TYPE OF EQUIPMENT:

As defined by section 5.0 of UT-01.


3.0

CALIBRATION PROCEDURE:

The instrument calibration shall be performed every 40 hours as per Asme Sec V
3.1
Horizontal Linearity
Calibrate the screen for the test range of 125mm using Single Crystal Transducer and IIW Block.
Place the probe on 25mm thickness side and read the back wall echoes. The Percentage of error
is calculated based on actual reading and the expected reading. The error should not exceed 2%
of Test Range.
3.2
Screen Height Linearity
A straight beam probe is coupled with the IIW (V1) block to get multiple echoes from 25mm
back wall. Select any two echoes whose amplitudes are in the ratio of 2:1 with larger echo set at
80% of full screen height. Adjust the gain successively without moving search unit and set the
larger indication from 100% to 20% of full screen height in 10% increments or 2dB steps if a
fine control is not available. Read the smaller indication at each setting. The settings and
readings must be estimated to the nearest 1% of full screen height. Deviation should not exceed
5% of Full Screen Height.
Alternately, a straight beam search unit shall be used on any calibration block, which will
provide amplitude differences with sufficient signal separation to prevent overlapping of the two
signals.
3.3
Amplitude Control Linearity
Couple the angle beam search unit to IIW (V1) block and get multiple echoes from 25 mm
thickness side. Select any echo and note its amplitude. Reduce the gain by 6dB and read the
amplitude of the same indication. It must be 50% of the initial amplitude within 10% of the
nominal amplitude ratio. Perform this exercise for full range of Gain.
The settings and readings must be estimated to the nearest 1% of full screen and the readings
should fall within the limits of following table.

Page 11 of 23

Other convenient reflectors from any calibration block shall be used with straight or angle beam
search units.
Indication Set at % of
Full Screen Height
80
80
40
20

4.0

dB Control Change
-6 dB
-12 dB
+6 dB
+12 dB

Indication Limits %
of Full Screen Height
36 to 44
18 to 22
72 to 88
72 to 88

RECORDS:

All calibration readings shall be recorded and documented till next calibration period and
calibration block identity shall be included in the ultrasonic calibration records.

Page 12 of 23

Page 13 of 23

ATTACHMENT II
PROBE CHARACTERISTICS CHECK
1.0

INTRODUCTION

This has been written in order to provide detailed methods and techniques to evaluate the
Probes characteristics.
2.0

TYPE OF PROBES & EQUIPMENT

As defined by section 5.0 of UT-01.


3.0

PROBE CHARACTERISTICS

3.1
3.1.1

Probe Resolution
Place 0 compression probe on the V1 (IIW) Block as shown in the figure 1. The echoes
from the bottom of the milled slot at 85mm and from the steps at 91mm and 100mm
shall be clearly discernible on the screen.
Figure1

V1 (IIW) Block
3.1.2

Place shear wave probes on the IOW Beam Profile Block with the beam directed
towards the series of 5 side drilled holes. Al least 3 of the series shall be clearly
discernible.

3.2
Probe Index
Place shear wave probe on the V1 (IIW) blocks 100mm quadrant side as shown in the figure 2
and maximize the eco from the quadrant. Hold the probe and measure the distance (d) from
block edge to probe edge.
The probe index = (100 d) mm.
For example, if d is 86mm, then
Probe index = 100-86=14mm.
This distance shall be transferred to the probe.

Figure 2
100mm

V1 (IIW) Block

Page 14 of 23

3.3
Probe Angle
Place the shear wave probe on the V1 Block as shown in the figure 3 and maximize the echo
from 1.6mm hole.

1.6mm hole

Figure 3

V1 (IIW Block) Probe Angle


Note the beam path and Probe angle is calculated using formula:
Probe Angle = Cos-1(15/Beam Path)
3.4
3.4.1

20dB Beam Profile


Position the shear wave probe on the IOW block with the beam directed at a selected
1.6mm hole and maximize the signal by moving probe backwards and forwards. Hold
the probe in the maximized position and adjust gain control to give 100% FSH. Make a
mark1 on the block, which corresponds with the probe index point (see Fig. 4)
Figure 4
Horizontal
stand-of
Probe movement
to maximize signal
M ark at maximized position

Leading edge
BeamCentre

Trailing Edge

IOW Block
3.4.2

Move the probe gently forward until the signal height form the target hole has dropped
to 10% FSH (i.e. 20dB). Hold the probe in this position and mark 2 the probe index
position on the block. (See Fig. 5)

Page 15 of 23

Figure 5
M ove probe forward until
Signal height drops to 10%
M ark the probe index
at 10%signal height
20 dB Trailing Edge

3.4.3

Move the probe gently backward such that the signal goes back to maximum then falls
away again to 10% FSH. Hold the probe in this position and mark3 the probe index
position on the block. (See Fig.6)
Figure 6
M ove probe backward until
Signal height drops to 10%
M ark the probe index
at 10%signal height
20 dB
Leading Edge

3.4.4
3.4.5
3.4.6

Transfer the measurements of hole depth and probe stand off for each of three marks
onto a flaw location slide or suitable plotting system.
Repeat the above steps for three other target holes at different depths.
Complete the beam angle and profile plot by joining relevant points on the plotting
system. (See Fig.7)
Fig.7
Horizontal stand-off
Index
Point

Mark 2 Mark 1 Mark 3

Hole 1

Hole depth

Hole 2

Hole 3

Hole 4

Beam Profile Plotting


4.0
CHECKLIST
All probe characteristics shall be entered in to the Probe Characteristics Checklist format: -:
FORMAT/UT/CAL-02

Page 16 of 23

UFD Model :
Serial No
:

Date of Testing

CHECKLIST FOR PROBE CHARACTERISTICS


Item No
1

Checklist Item
Resolution - 0 Probe
Resolution (Angle Probe)

Probe Index

Probe Angle
45
60
70
Beam Profile
(Leading/trailing edge)
45
60
70

Tolerance

Result
Accept

Reject

3 Clearly defined
indications
3 Clearly defined
indications
25 mm maximum
from the edge
2

FORMAT/UT/CAL-02

Page 17 of 23

ATTACHMENT-III
1.0
INTRODUCTION
This illustration is written to provide technical detail for the construction of Distance
Amplitude Correction (DAC) Curves as required by this written procedure.
2.0
EQUIPMENT
As defined by section 5.0 of UT-01.
3.0
3.1
3.2

BLOCKS
IOW Block for structural steel work weldments
ASME Section-V Basic Calibration Block for Pressure Vessels/Process Piping

4.0
4.1

METHODS
Select a hole in the calibration block which falls out side of the Probes near zone. The
near zone length is calculated using the formula:
N = D2F /4V

where, N = Length of near zone (mm)


D = Crystal diameter (mm)
F = Frequency (MHz)
V = Velocity (103m/s)

4.5
4.6

Position the probe on the block and pick up the signal from selected target hole.
Maximize the signal by manipulation of probe.
Adjust the gain and keep the maximized signal at 80% FSH and mark the signal peak
on the screen.
Without further alteration select two more holes at suitable beam path to cover the
entire range/ thickness of the test material. Maximize the echoes by probe manipulation
and mark the respective signal peaks on the screen.
Join together all the three points plotted on the screen to generate a DAC curve. (See
Fig.1)
80% FSH
Amplitude

4.2
4.3
4.4

Figure 1

Point 1
x

Point 2
x
x
Point 3

Time Base

Page 18 of 23

DOC No.
: HT-UT-01
REVISION : 9.0
DATE
: 03.07.2009

HI-TECH NDT INSPECTION SERVICES (S) PTE. LTD


ULTRASONIC TESTING PROCEDURE
GENERAL PROCEDURE

TECHNIQUE SHEET 1:
SCANNING TECHNIQUE FOR BUTT WELDS
a) Welds with single side access:
Full Skip
+ 1/2 Cap

half skip

Surface 1

Surface 2

]
Angle
0
45

Thickness
all
25mm

60

10-25mm
>25mm
10-25mm
all

70

2.0

Scan leg
n/a
half
full skip
half skip
full skip
half skip
half skip

Surface
1&2
1&2
1&2
1&2
1&2
1&2
1&2

Examination
Lamination check on Parent metal
Root and lower weld volume
Upper weld volume and fusion faces
Root, lower weld volume and fusion faces
Upper weld volume and fusion faces
Root, lower weld volume and fusion faces
Transverse scan of weld. (if cap is flushed to
smooth, scanning may be carried out from the weld
surface)

Welds with double side access:


half skip

half skip
Surface 1

Surface 2

Surface 3

Surface 4

half skip

half skip

Angle
0
45
60

Thickness
all
25mm
10mm

Scan leg
n/a
half
half skip
full skip

Surface
1&2
1,2,3 &4
1,2,3 &4
1,2,3 &4

70

10-25mm

half skip

1,2,3 &4

Examination
Lamination check on Parent metal
Root and lower weld volume
Root, lower weld volume and fusion faces
Transverse scan of weld. (if cap is flushed to
smooth, scanning may be carried out from the
weld surface)
Root, lower weld volume and fusion faces

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HI-TECH NDT INSPECTION SERVICES (S) PTE. LTD


ULTRASONIC TESTING PROCEDURE

DOC No.
: HT-UT-01
REVISION : 9.0
DATE
: 03.07.2009

GENERAL PROCEDURE

TECHNIQUE SHEET 2:
SCANNING TECHNIQUE FOR FULL PENETRATION / NOZZLE WELDS
a) Nozzle with Set through or full penetration T-Joints:

Scan 1
Scan 2/3
Scan 3 -

Scan 3-45/60/70

Scan 2-45/60/70

Scan 1 - 0

Scan 4

0 Lamination check on parent metal


45/60/70 shear wave scanning for weld volume, root, HAZ and fusion faces
at skip
0 scan for fusion at main member side and lamellar tearing in main member.

b) Nozzle or branch attachment set-on


Scan 4

Scan 1
Scan 2
Scan 3
Scan 4

Scan 1, 2, & 3

Full skip

half skip

Scan 5

0 Lamination check on the parent metal.


45, 60 scan for weld volume, fusion faces & HAZ at half and full skip
distance.
60, 70 scan for root at half skip.
0 scan on main member to check main member side fusion, HAZ, Lamellar
tearing (if surface is accessible).

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HI-TECH NDT INSPECTION SERVICES (S) PTE. LTD


ULTRASONIC TESTING PROCEDURE

DOC No.
: HT-UT-01
REVISION : 9.0
DATE
: 03.07.2009

GENERAL PROCEDURE

Scan 5

If scan 2 & 3 is restricted due to non accessibility, a 45 scan for weld and
fusion at full skip shall be carried out.
TECHNIQUE SHEET - 03:
SCANNING TECHNIQUE FOR TKY JOINTS:

BRANCH
MEMBER

Scanning perpendicular
to weld at all locations

Heel zone

T oe zone
T ransition
zone
MAIN MEMBER

Section through
Heel zone

Main member

Section through Toe zone

Section through Transition zone

Scan surface

Scanning detail
1.
All scans to be carried out from branch member surface.
2.
0 scan for lamination check on scan surface.
3.
45, 60, 70 angle beam scan of weld metal at half and full skip as permitted by material thickness and
weld geometry.

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HI-TECH NDT INSPECTION SERVICES (S) PTE. LTD


ULTRASONIC TESTING PROCEDURE

DOC No.
: HT-UT-01
REVISION : 9.0
DATE
: 03.07.2009

GENERAL PROCEDURE
4.

Local dihedral angle and weld geometry varies point to point. Therefore beam axis should be kept
perpendicular to the weld during angle beam scanning.

ULTRASONIC TESTING REPORT FORMATE

Page 22 of 24

DOC No.
: HT-UT-01
REVISION : 9.0
DATE
: 03.07.2009

HI-TECH NDT INSPECTION SERVICES (S) PTE. LTD


ULTRASONIC TESTING PROCEDURE
GENERAL PROCEDURE

ULTRASONIC TEST SKETCH

SKETCH
PROJECT TITLE :
Joint Identification

REPORT NO :
Length / mm

Depth / mm

Width / mm

Defect Type Remarks

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HI-TECH NDT INSPECTION SERVICES (S) PTE. LTD


ULTRASONIC TESTING PROCEDURE

DOC No.
: HT-UT-01
REVISION : 9.0
DATE
: 03.07.2009

GENERAL PROCEDURE

Page 24 of 24