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Roll angular inertia[edit

]
This increases the time it takes to settle down and follow the steering. It depends on the (square of
the) height and width, and (for a uniform mass distribution) can be approximately calculated by the
equation:

.

Greater width, then, though it counteracts center of gravity height, hurts handling by increasing
angular inertia. Some high performance cars have light materials in their fenders and roofs partly for
this reason.

Excessive load transfer – On any vehicle that is cornering, the outside wheels are more
heavily loaded than the inside due to the CG being above the ground. Total weight transfer (sum
of front and back), in steady cornering, is determined by the ratio of the height of a car's center
of gravity to its axle track. When the weight transfer equals half the vehicle's loaded weight, it will
start to roll over. This can be avoided by manually or automatically reducing the turn rate, but
this causes further reduction in road-holding.
Component

Reduce Under-steer

Reduce Over-steer
center of gravity towards

Weight distribution

center of gravity towards rear

Front shock absorber

softer

stiffer

Rear shock absorber

stiffer

softer

Front sway bar

softer

stiffer

Rear sway bar

stiffer

softer

Front tire selection1

larger contact area²

smaller contact area

Rear tire selection

smaller contact area

larger contact area²

Front wheel rim width

larger²

smaller

Rear wheel rim width

smaller

larger²

Front tire pressure

lower pressure

higher pressure

Rear tire pressure

higher pressure

lower pressure

front

leading to a weight transfer of less than 2%. for cars and SUVs at least. and a corresponding reduction in grip of 0. 2) Considering same tire width.Front wheel camber increase negative camber Rear wheel camber reduce negative camber Rear spoiler smaller larger lower front end raise front end Rear height raise rear end lower rear end Front toe in decrease increase Rear toe in decrease increase Front height (because these usually affect camber and roll resistance) reduce negative camber increase negative camber 1) Tire contact area can be increased by using tires with fewer grooves in the tread pattern. this implies: A) <100% Ackerman : inside tire is trying to push/roll/slip Out of the turn B) 100% Ackerman : inside tire rolls smoothly along turn C) >100% Ackerman: inside tire is trying to pull/roll/slip Into the turn.true ackerman Above 100% . I remember 100 lbs (400N) of steering force per hand being excessive. Total available grip will drop by around 6% as a result of this load transfer. At the same time. the CoM of the vehicle will typically move laterally and vertically. and up to a point for the tire width.01%. and the inners 60% less. considering that the outside tire is 'on a rail' or Not Slipping. . Of course fewer grooves has the opposite effect in wet weather or other poor road conditions. 15 11 15 What does ackerman percentage above 100% means ? Is it like 0% . Weight transfer is generally of far less practical importance than load transfer. that is the outer wheels will see 60% more load than before. relative to the contact patch by no more than 30 mm.Parallel steering below 100% .9g turn. For instance in a 0.Understeer At 100% . a car with a track of 1650 mm and a CoM height of 550 mm will see a load transfer of 30% of the vehicle weight.oversteer So.