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Changes proposed to CDM 2015

To simplify the structure of the regulations

Replace the Approved Code of Practice with targeted guidance

Introduce the new role of “principal designer” in place of the CDM-C

Introduce the need to demonstrate specific skills and training rather than “competence”, the industry’s
understanding of which is varied to say the least.

Key changes of the new CDM Regulations 2015
1. All projects must have:

workers with the right skills, knowledge, training and experience (the client should do some checks not
his, for instance, are they members of institution, what is their past records, D and C must prove they
have the skills and h&s knowledge)

contractors providing appropriate supervision, instruction and information

a written construction phase plan - download this example (146KB, PDF)

2. Project where more than one contractor is involved (domestic or non-domestic) must have 1 above plus:

principal designer and principal contractor must be appointed

a health and safety file

3. If work is scheduled to:

last longer than 30 working days and

have more than 20 workers working simultaneously at any point in the project

OR exceeds 500 person days

All of 1 and 2 above plus

Client must notify project to HSE

Main aspects to be considered:
1) The construction phase plan
2) The health and safety file
3) Parts include:
a. Client duties
b. H&S duties and roles (e.g. designers, PD, contractors, PC) (there
is a general duty of reporting dangerous conditions and
providing clear info and instructions.)
c. General requirements for all construction sites

CONSTRUCTION PHASE PLAN (client) Outlines H&S arraignments. For instance. SEE ABOUT NOTIFICATION. They appoint D. Appoint a PD early is key. Management arrangements can include milestones to assess progress and whether H&S standards are being met. HEALTH AND SAFETY FILE (client) (for more than 1 contractor) To be prepared by the PD. PD can help with this. C and (if required) PD and PC. drawings. site rules and specific measures concerning works involving particular risks. they can also write a “clients brief”: requirements of project.g. The HS file is prepared so that is finished at the end of the project. as they can help in matters such as preconstruction information. Also. Its purpose is to keep a record of all information for future works to be carried out safely and without risks to health. This file will be handed to the PC and anyone who needs it for future works. For instance. and make sure they perform their duties. H&S risks. establishing point of contact. set timeframe and budget. the client can control that PD and PC are performing their duties by holding progress meetings or via written updates. Appoint a PC early is important so that he can draw up the construction phase plan. PD can help to get this. need to ensure welfare facilities are provided.CLIENTS (at the top of the procurement chain) Allocate resources and time so that works can be performed in a way that health safety and welfare are secured. PRECONSTRUCTION INFORMATION (client) Already in clients possession (e. asbestos survey) or easy to get. You can keep updating and reviewing. Either C or PC needs to make sure the plan is prepared. H&S file. Provide this to both PD and PC. .

Provide a barrier that separates the pedestrian form the vehicles. Eliminate (if possible) risks to persons: a) b) c) d) Carrying the work Affected by the works Maintaining or cleaning the structure Making use of the structure as workplace If not possible. details.G. CONTRACTORS. Put the a/c on the ground. info the PC must provide to workers. reduce or control foreseeable h&s risk through the design process: examples of these include the construction work and the maintenance/operation of the building. Designers must: . DESIGNERS. H&S info about the design. then: a) Reduce/control the risks b) Inform about the risk to the PC c) Ensure the info is included in the H&S file Other duty is to provide a design with sufficient info about design/construction/maintenance to assist other carry out the duties of the regulation. or if in the roof. windows that can be cleaned from inside. Example of decisions: use lighter materials to handle. PD. Design affects: construction. Use light paving for the workers. PC) INFORMATION Need to make sure instructions and info are clear and easy to understand. repair. cleaning. cooperate and liaise with other designers. Examples: Pre-construction info. give a proper barrier. site rules. calculations. Example of info: drawings. refurbishing and demolition. DUTIES OF DESIGNERS: Eliminate. BOQ. info the PD needs to pass to prepare the ConstrPHPlan. maintenance.H&S DUTIES AND ROLES (E. Other duties include providing the relevant info to the PD or PC and C.

and how these can arise from their design decisions • have the right skills. and experience. jacking of the bridge. avoid excessively light). such as cost.• understand and be aware of significant risks that workers and users can be exposed to. Make provisions for lights (on long bridges).e. Work out whether the effort and expense of installing a fixed access system is appropriate if an area is only occasionally reached and the work can be done using a MEWP . aesthetics and environmental impact. Give enough space in the abutments and piers for inspection. Manholes in cross frames. Give enough widths for stranded vehicles or for vehicles undertaking maintenance. Also the signs and light posts. Provide precast (stay in place) formwork to facilitate construction and provide “permanent” platform. knowledge. Staircases and accessibility requirements. Also providing lifting points on prefabricated elements and marking the weight and the centre of gravity of heavy or bulky items both on the drawings and on the items themselves. fitness for purpose. Others is to design a roof sheeting that can sustain a person on top (i. Components that can be easily lifted provided the type of access available. Other aspects that relate to buildability can also reduce risks. and be adequately resourced to address the health and safety issues likely to be involved in the design • check that clients are aware of their duties • co-operate with others who have responsibilities. Design a roof with a high parapet to eliminate the risk of falls. • Off-site fabrication and prefabricated elements to minimise on site hazards. in particular the principal designer • take into account the general principles of prevention when carrying out their design work (which are set out in Annex D) • provide information about the risks arising from their design • Co-ordinate their work with that of others in order to improve the way in which risks are managed and controlled. Examples that I think I could provide: transition of barriers and for the 3 rd bridge the stairs and the guardrails. Health and safety risks must be considered alongside other factors that influence the design.

you should distinguish between the purpose of the principal designer and the designer roles by separating the scope of service and resources required for each. Provide fixed edge protection (barriers) rather than running lines. Involving the client and principal contractor in meetings should improve co-ordination and understanding. such as intended sequencing. • Information relating to your designs. This will also give you an opportunity to ask questions and offer suggestions. Plan manage and monitor the preconstruction phase. particularly when making decisions. You must provide certain information to the principal designer. including any unusual remaining risks and the key assumptions and decisions you have made. Same duties as a designer and making sure all designers comply with their duties.Make provision for traffic routes so that barriers can be provided between pedestrians and traffic. Talk to the client so that you understand their needs. DUTIES OF PRINCIPAL DESIGNER. Provide information on drawings or instructions. You might need to make others aware of common risks but be in awkward locations. to receive a further insight into their requirements. 5. such as: • lack of space for the erection of standard scaffolding or for deliveries • proximity of gas mains or overhead power lines. 5.3 Ensure you understand the brief Talk to the client about their brief.5 Hold regular meetings Leadership from the client is important and they should be encouraged to hold regular progress meetings to bring all parties together. It will take time but should be worthwhile. and coordinate matters relating to H&S during pre-construction. This will assist you in managing health and safety risk and resolving any issues.4 Clarify roles To avoid confusion. he can have .2 Develop a good relationship with the client. For instance. 5. 5. This is an important part of the pre-construction information which will be provided to the principal contractor Provide a schedule on appointment As soon as you have been appointed. you should provide the client with a detailed schedule of services and resources to help plan what you need to do to ensure the client is clear about what to expect and to reassure them that you are fulfilling your role. • Structural issues associated with working around existing foundations Information for the principal designer. this is easier at face-to-face meetings than by phone or email.

but not pre-construction info. location of services (cables. decide control measures. Only info that helps when planning future work.) as built drawings. gas. hazards not eliminated. He updates and reviews and at the end of the project delivers it to the client. He must prepare (at pre-construction) a h&s file. He provides the pre-construction info. hazardous materials. Typical info in the H&s File (safe working loads. He ensures coordination and cooperation. construction risk assessments or the ConsPhPlan) . He is important because he can controls on how h&s risks are managed at the pre-construction phase. and select info to help developing the construction phase plan.meeting with other designers to discuss risks. structural principle.