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GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT PUBLIC EDUCATION IN ITALY

The basis of the current schooling system were laid in 1946, when Italy became a
parliamentary republic. Since then, statal education has formed the real backbone
of the didactic system in the country. Compulsory school, which last from 6 to 16, is
tax exented, which means you do not need to pay any registration fee. From 16 to
18, a minimal registration fee of about 20 euro (around 23 USD) has to be paid.
Children who were not born in Italy, receive free public education, even after the
end of compulsory school and even if they are regular Italian residents.
Third level education in Italy, just like primary and secondary, is mostly public.
There is a number of private universities, some of them, such as Università del
Sacro Cuore and Università Bocconi, both in Milan, are renowned a bit everywhere in
the world. Many public university are prestigious, too: Pisa, Pavia, Padova, Bologna
are only some of the best known athenea in the country. In public universities, fees
are usually divided in a fixed tax to be paid to the State and tuition fees due to the
university. The latter are usually calculated on the basis of the student's (or his/her
family, if dependent) income. Public universities fees are, however, usually never
superior to 2500 euro per annum (around 2800 USD). Private universities may
charge more, but never as much as an American University!
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY CYCLES OF EDUCATION
As said, compulsory school, which is fee exempted, starts at the age of 6 (with the
possibility to be anticipated to 5 1/2) and lasts until the age of 16. The percentage
of alphabetization in the country reaches the almost totality, at 99%. Schools in Italy
are mainly public, although some private institutions exist.
Before entering the schooling system, children are usually introduced to noncompulsory nidi d'infanzia and sezioni primavera, the equivalent of crèches. These
sections usually are for children of one to three years of age. They then enter the
scuola dell'Infanzia, the rough equivalent of kindergarten. Here, children begin
experiencing a more standardized schooling experience with classes, classmates
and little learning sections with tasks. Often, they also eat at school and spend part
of the afternoon there.

La Scuola Primaria (primary school)
Scuola primaria (formerly "elementare"), or primary school, begins at age six and
continues for five years. Class sizes generally run about twenty five children per
class with a minimum of ten students. Pluriclassi, or mixed-level classes, have
between six and twelve students. Municipalities manage transportation and school
meals, most often asking for contributions but making exceptions for needy
families. The curriculum includes: Italian, English, Geography, History, Math,

Science, Technology, Music, Art, Physical Education, Information Technology and
Catholicism.

La Scuola Secondaria di Primo Grado (middle school)
Scuola Secondaria di Primo Grado was formerly known as scuola media. Pupils
attend it until they turn fourteen years old. Formerly at age fourteen, compulsory
education was considered complete. Now this limit has been raised to sixteen. While
the schooling is free, books must be purchased at the secondary level. Class size is
about 21 students per class. The curriculum includes: religion, Italian, English, an
alternate foreign language, history, geography, science, math, technology,
information technology, art, music and physical education.
At the end of the three years of scuola secondaria di primo grado there is a State
exam, similar to the one students will have to take at the end of high school.
La Scuola Secondaria di Secondo Grado (High School)
If up to scuola secondaria di primo grado the Italian educational system may seem
very much the same as the American's, when it comes to high school, things
change dramatically.
Italy is known to be one of the few countries in the world where a distinct, well
defined choice about a pupil's future professional career needs to be taken as early
as 14. Italian high schools are of different types, depending on the main focus of
their teachings. They must be chosen during the final year of scuola secondaria di
primo grado and the pupil must attend it until his/her 16th year of age. Italian high
schools can be divided as such:
schools focusing on ISTITUTI TECNICI: schools ISTITUTI PROFESSIONALI: schools
theoretical learning focusing on technical skills focusing on professional skills
Istituto tecnico a indirizzo
Liceo Artistico:has
tecnologico: focuses on
branches in fine arts, techical skills such as
design, photography, mechanics, logistics,
sculpture etc.
electronics etc. (divided in
branches)

Istituto professionale a indirizzo
dei servizi: has branches in
agriculture, health
and social services, hospitality and
gastronomy, commerce.

Liceo
Classico: focuses on
classical languages,
philosophy and
literatures.

Istituti professionale a indirizzo
dell'industria e
dell'artigianato:branches in
industrial and artisanal production,
techical assistence and
maintenance.

Istituto tecnico a indirizzo
economico: focuses on
administration, accounting,
marketing or tourism.

. they either begin their careers in their professions or move on to the University. they all follow what is considered the now stardardized European model. chemistry. Once they have their diplomas. as mention above. Architecture. However. Structurally. Law (5 years). some students may qualify for exemptions or assistance. They. Curriculum varies depending on the course of study chosen. with a primary course of three years to obtain a bachelor degree (diploma di laurea). a further two years to specialize with a Master's degree (laurea magistrale) and. Pharmaceutical sciences. Liceo delle scienze umane: focusing on humanities and psychology In all high schools class sizes are between twenty five to twenty eight students. once achieved. Among them. finally. students must pass another exam in order to receive their Diploma di Maturità.Liceo Scientifico: focuses on biology. After completing the higher secondary school. do charge a minimal tuition for the years after their pupils turn 16. a Master's degree. except some which maintained a more independent structure. physics and maths. the possibility to obtain a PhD (dottorato di ricerca). Specialistic studies in fine arts and music acan be pursued in Accademie delle Belle Arti (Fine Arts Academies) and Conservatori (music schools). based on family income. This is valid for very much all faculties. UNIVERSITIES IN ITALY Italy has 61 state universities and 15 private. characterized by a single cycle of studies – longer – which equals. Medicine (6 years). Liceo Linguistico: focuses on foreign languages Liceo musicale e coreutico: has branches in music and dance.

Maria Stella Gelmini approved a new law that aims at restructuring and redesigning the Italian high school system. perhaps too many choices caused too much confusion. This will replace the old Liceo Sociopedagogico with the possibility of enabling (upon the institute’s choice) a socio-economic track. also called “scuola superiore”. one subject (not a formal language course) will be taught in a foreign language. Liceo Musicale e Coreutico (music and choir studies) is potentially ancillary to conservatories and dance schools. Let us take a look at each of the six. except for the fact that the students belonging to this specialization will take a foreign language for the entire five year duration. which will be the matter of careful evaluations and appreciation. design and environment utilizes audio-visual communications for the actuation of cultural programs and researche. It lasts five years and the average student attends between the ages of 14 and 19. multimedia and set design helps students utilize the latest technologies to fully develop their artistic potential. Liceo Scientifico (scientific studies) includes. In 2009 the Minister of Public Instruction. as an extra to the typical courses. Although it was seen as a way for students to differentiate their careers. Liceo delle Science Umane (liberal arts studies) focuses on the main areas of human-centered sciences. Currently there are hundreds of different specializations available within the high school system. Architecture. and the same will happen with a second subject starting in the fourth year. Liceo Artistico (fine arts studies) is further divided: Figurative arts focuses on themes such as the safekeeping and valorization of Italy's cultural tresures. a scientific technological track that will analyze in detail the domains of technology and applied sciences. Liceo Classico (classical studies) will remain unchanged.THE NEW ITALIAN HIGH SCHOOL SYSTEM High schools are a particular level of secondary education. or upper school in Italy. At the end of these studies the students will have a great knowledge of the national and international musical domain accompanied by the historical and social contexts that inspired the works. These changes will take effect starting in the year 2010 and will bring about several changes. Audio-visual. . In the new system we will be left with just six main types. Liceo Linguistico (modern language studies) includes the study of three foreign languages: starting from the third year.

Scientifico. Linguistico and Scienze Umane and it is optional for the other courses. the quality and not the quantity of the teachings will be rewarded. of the Musicale (32) and Classico (21 for all of the last three years).Other News: Other significant news in Italian education includes the study of Latin as a mandatory subject in the Liceo Classico. Children are allowed to determine the course of teaching and its form. physics and sciences. Weekly instruction hours will increase to 27 for the first two years and 30 for the remaining three. . In an attempt to go back to the so advertised meritocracy. This will shorten the gap between what students learn in school and what is required in the real world. with flexibility in choosing the courses and weekly hours. whilst protecting their rights. Teaching one non-linguistic subject entirely in a foreign language during the fifth year of all the courses of study. It may be seen as an extension of the enquiring and liberal traditions of this culturally-rich part of Northern Italy. The Reggio Emilia approach to developing young and formative minds follows 7 key principles: Teaching is based on what children seem to want to learn and on their deduced interests. increased hours for math. Infant and Children Educational Schools THE EPOCHAL REGGIO EMILIA PROGRAM The epochal Reggio Emilia program for children up to the age of 5 is one of the most exciting developments in the world of education in our age. It is used as a model by progressive educators around the world and has the potential to rival the long and abiding list of contributions to medicine and psychiatry that has distinguished Bologna in academic circles for generations. High schools can start designing entirely new courses through the collaboration of expert consultants. possibly even leading to a job after graduation. The independence of each high school will be increased. Multiple forms of expression are encouraged for holistic development. paid from the school’s budget which will also be linked only to that particular school. except in the fifth year for the Liceo Artistico. Moreover it will be possible for the students to hold internships and real work experiences starting from the first two years of high school. which can have up to 35. The local community has adopted this unique approach for over two decades now and the methodology is recognized as being optimal in bringing out the most creative expressions in infants and young children.

Team building and group work is actively fostered. interact and bond with each other and with their parents and teachers in like manner. Children are encouraged to express themselves. The model has now been copied in other countries but a visit to Bologna and the surrounding area gives invaluable insights in to the power of the system to develop sanguine and skilled citizens of tomorrow. Interior decor of classrooms and ambience are used to enhance the learning experience. in order to try and uncover the particular calling and strengths that each child seems to have. reading and speaking are not the only skills that are imparted and every attempt is made to appeal to the type of intelligence and capability that each child seems to possess. It may be. Much time is spent in listening to the developing vocabulary of infants and observing their preferences. interests and choices as they begin to increasingly use their minds. It is based on an undying optimism about the power of the human intellect to discern and to interpret complex data to form useful conclusions. Teachers are committed to a flexible approach to their vocation in the best interests of their wards. even when they are very small and are given lead in how they can gainfully spend their study and activity times. at least in part. The collaborative and expressive tendencies of children are given leads and much effort is made to form teams that . The genius of the Reggio Emilia approach to children's education lies in the close collaboration between parents and teachers in the local community. an instinctive response to the style of scholarship that has been ingrained in the minds of local people for centuries. Parents interact with teachers in great depth and frequently. Writing. Records of work done by children and their progress is preserved with diligence and used in an analytical framework. This is accompanied by a sacred respect for the rights of the children themselves. Children are encouraged to communicate. The Reggio Emilia system sets infants on a lifetime of discovery and civilized tolerance that has characterized the people of this area during the past one thousand years and more. All media are used to bring information before the children and the time spent on individual sets of information is carefully tailored to meet individual interests. The spirit is to locate and encourage the strengths of a child rather than follow the much regimented style of learning that has produced mediocrity and suffocated creative forces in so many other established teaching systems.

All work done by children is kept with care and their interaction is recorded as often as possible. (Brazil. Argentina. Columbia. Children are encouraged to use all their senses in the learning process and have many demonstrative ways of acquiring information and knowledge. followed by European students. There are millions of students who come to study abroad at one of Italy's well-known schools and universities. but Italy also welcomes students from South America. The learning process is kept very alive with constant reference to the immediate world around. The full and exact reasons for such an unusual concentration of human intellectual accomplishment is moot. There can be no doubt about the area's cultural and literacy achievements and it has surely produced many of the great thinkers such as Copernicus over the ages. Because of the increasing response of foreign students schools of Italian language and culture have multiplied in the last 30 years and most students are between the ages of 15 and 25. Germany. It is a fact that Reggio Emilia has been a center of sustained excellence in the fields of education and citizenship for generations. SCHOOLS AND UNIVERSITIES. (France. You can however find some adult students attending these schools. it is popular for married couple to attend together for a couple of months while they see the sites of Italy. which boast a sea location. but there can be no denying that the Reggio Emilia approach to raising infants and to primary education is exemplary and worthy of unabashed copy. STUDENTS FROM AROUND THE WORLD Italy is known for their Italian language.help each member reach further than the individual can hope to do. These records are studied over time and used for key deductions regarding the progress of the students and about their ongoing and future needs. This approach eliminates or at least reduces the subjective and sometimes repressive judgment of children and lends itself to validation and research as well.etc). Colors and fixtures used in classrooms are used as active and major means of education. There are schools all over Italy. Rome and Venice.. Costa Rica). art and fashion schools. Teachers don the garbs of learners and researchers with as much ease as they perform directorial and administrative roles. but the most popular spots are in the historical cities like Florence. The classroom layout facilitates collaborative and group learning in a caring and helpful atmosphere. This greatly accelerates and helps the learning process. so that the needs and wants of children are never suppressed or ignored. Spain. . They are flexible in time schedules and approach to curricula. predominately America. Guatemala.. The foreign students come from various countries. This helps the teachers to evolve as people and enables them to remain relevant and current as the environment undergoes subtle change.

Rome. You need to fill out an application and pay a small fee. You can rent from month to month or yearly. Isola di Elba. The procedure for enrollment into the schools in Italy is similar to the process anywhere. A hotel. You have several options. You can use the buses for those smaller towns that are not easy to access by train. bed and breakfast can be a fun place to stay if you don't plan on staying for a long period of time. Apart from the schools. This is obviously a great solution. It is normal to see students come for short periods. Sicily. which do rent apartments to foreigners for short or long periods. and others etc. Traveling by boat allows you to go to the beautiful Italian islands: The Aeolian. during March to October (in December. The school you . North African and Eastern European countries. The price to stay at one of these villas would be from 50 Euros up to 100/200 Euros a day. January and February the schools are less full) however it is not uncommon for students to remain in Italy for some years. (monthly. Another option is rent a room in an apartment. Venice and then between the north of Italy and the favored South) is approximately 350 to 600 euros a month. it is 1 euro a liter. Another option for travel is to rent a car. supplementing your income. which is 10%-20% of the total course cost. Rent an entire apartment for yourself! If you can afford it. Italians use the train for the bulk of their travel from city to city. while extending your vacation in beautiful Italy. Finding a place to stay or live in Italy while you are going to school is fairly easy. The cost of apartments can vary from 700 to 1000/1500 euros monthly. (if you are lucky many young Italians rent rooms to supplement their incomes) or in an apartment with other students. especially with a group of friends who can share expenses. If you are planning on staying for a long period of time like six months to a year. The cost (which always varies from city to city: especially in the popular cities like Florence. Sardinia. (one to three months). there are also many real estate agencies within Italy. They will require you to use a credit card or get an international money order to pay your fee. There are several ways you can travel and site see through Italy. this ensures your place in the classes. A room can be rented in the apartment of an Italian family. It is fairly easy for students. (especially for younger students) to find part time work. This is a common solution and the choice of most students. While attending school in Italy it is easy to travel and do some site seeing while you are on break or in between semesters. The train is most the most popular form of transportation it is easy to access and goes to all of the main cities or Italy. Japan and a minority of Arabic. It isn't difficult to travel by car in Italy.Mexico. the favorite solution for finding a place to live in Italy is to rent an apartment. 3 to 6 monthly up to yearly). This can be little more expensive but it is the easiest way to be able to see the sites and make your own schedule. the only drawback is the gas is a little expensive.

PADOVA Italy. attending courses in Italy can be a wonderful experience. School advisor can counsel you on the best places to visit and recommend agency that can get you good prices on ticket and hotel accommodations. in terms of both compulsory and higher education.istruzione. “F.asp I.lifeinitaly. You not only get education and culture. is currently undergoing a period of transition through which the basic structure of the state system. The Reform 'season' of the Italian school system has been going on for 40 years.are attending will sometimes organize short weekend excursions that offer students discounted prices.although amidst enormous . as a whole.it http://www. These changes are designed not only to bring Italian education in line with the rest of the European Union but also to create a more flexible system. No matter what school you chose to attend or what you chose to study. but you can travel and meet new people. SEVERI” . 4 A long Reform 'season' The Reform 'season' of the Italian school system has been going on for 40 years.com/moving/school-system. Our school system seems to be 'stuck' in continuing and inconclusive reforms which actually began well .pubblica. Most Italians can speak at least a little English and some of the classes are offered in English.T. which better and more broadly educates those who study in Italy. If you decide to study abroad consider all of the opportunities Italy has to offer. You go to school to learn so you can enroll in an Italian language class and learn while you are in school." I know you won't be disappointed.I.S. Students from all over the world are choosing Italy as a "hot spot. Written by: Luca Pasquali Edited by: Justin Demetri Sources: www. is being overhauled. If you do not speak the language you can still function in the schools and the country.

“F. refusing to be involved in the research for new contents.S. they have lessons always in the same classroom and laboratories where the different teachers turn over.I. but many others are still 'clinging' to traditional and rigid norms. in the case of subjects like Chemistry.I. methodologies and organisations that fit the requirements of our contemporary society.difficulties – but have ended up in 'nothing conclusive' because of the continuous governmental changing! Our school system seems to be 'stuck' in continuing and inconclusive reforms which actually began well . between two and five in high school) I. agricultural. SEVERI” PADOVA 6 After Middle School exam (grade 8) students can choose among various types of upper secondary schools: .The number of teaching hours per subject and the curricula are defined by ministerial decree in the whole country. Maths.I. middle.While the subjects and hours must be the same for every school. individual study or optional subjects). Pupils of the same age do not mix to form different class groups. Physics. high school).PADOVA 9 . chemical. different languages. or religion vs.T.S. “F.T.S.At the beginning of the first year of each school level (elementary. methodologies and organisations that fit the requirements of our contemporary society. refusing to be involved in the research for new contents. * Unless they fail! I.Compulsory education begins at the age of six and ends at the age of sixteen. syllabi are fixed. the curricula are only a sort of concise guide-line in order to .That is because once students have chosen their track. (i.One teacher (or two teachers.e. after the Middle School Diploma and the second year of upper secondary school I. SEVERI” . but many others are still 'clinging' to traditional and rigid norms.Classes last from 50 to 60 minutes and take place (on average) only in the morning. “F. .I.Lyceum (classical or scientific high schools which prepare for University) . “F.S.Technical high schools (split into various tracks: industrial. . SEVERI” PADOVA 10 . On one side. .PADOVA 8 Specific aspects of the Italian school system . High schools last FIVE years and conclude at the end of grade 13 with a national final exam (“State Exam”) I.Vocational high schools (also split into many tracks).T. 5 STRUCTURE The Italian educational system is strongly centralized . Electronics and IT studies that have practical training in labs) for each subject accompanies the same group of pupils for more than a year (three in middle school. there are no (or very limited) options. pupils are split up into class groups which will be the same for several years*. many Italian teachers from State schools feel ready for reform.although amidst enormous difficulties – but have ended up in 'nothing conclusive' because of the continuous governmental changing! On one side. commercial) . SEVERI” .T. many Italian teachers from State schools feel ready for reform.

with a list of skills acquired.l.Scalcerle” di Padova Dipartimento Ingegneria dell’Informazione (DEI) Università di Padova Università degli Studi di Padova Confindustria di Padova Unione Provinciale Artigiani di Padova Agenfor Veneto sez. which last an average of 1200 hours.S.S.Bentsik” Padova CIOFS/FP Don Bosco di Padova DIEFFE En.SEVERI” di Padova (Ente capofila) I.Meucci” di Cittadella (Pd) I. SEVERI” .S.I.T. which is mainly the teachers’ tasks. IFTS courses.a.T. "Severi" as leader of a Training Center for the province of Padua I. “F. allow you to develop professional skills through the use of group work.A. which last an average of 1200 hours.le “E. Form&r srl Polo formativo “TECNOLOGIA AVANZATA NELL’INDUSTRIA ED ARTIGIANATO” Provincia di Padova 15 Needs of our local area In recent years two types of technician were identified as the needs of our local area: In recent years two types of technician were . I. 14 July 2005 Regional Education of Veneto identified I.PADOVA 11 IFTS courses IFTS is the acronym referring to IFTS is the acronym referring to Higher Technical Education and Training IFTS courses. Veneto di Padova Fòrema S. elaborations on the field and an extended period of practical training in the company. local officials and representatives of industry associations form a committee whose task is to detect the needs of the local production system and define the directions in which to plan the training courses.T. analysis of specific cases. in Italy and Europe. allow you to develop professional skills through the use of group work. analysis of specific cases.P. in fact a school year.I.Newton” di Camposampiero (Pd) I. through the didactic planning.T.S. in Italy and Europe.A.I. At the end of IFTS courses an examination is scheduled to issue the Regional Certificate of Higher Technical Specialization recognized.I.reach the educational objectives required by the system.I. 12 IFTS in ITIS Severi before 2005 since 1999 ITIS is committed to the design and implementation of IFTS courses since 1999 ITIS is committed to the design and implementation of IFTS courses : Key themes : QUALITY CERTIFICATION AND SAFETY Stakeholders: Electrical and electronics industries 13 2005 Defining the aims of IFTS courses Regional consultation Schools and universities administrators.S. “I.S.T. “P. local officials and representatives of industry associations form a committee whose task is to detect the needs of the local production system and define the directions in which to plan the training courses. Schools and universities administrators.c.r. “G.T. with a list of skills acquired. Padova ASCOM Servizi Padova CFP Prov. At the end of IFTS courses an examination is scheduled to issue the Regional Certificate of Higher Technical Specialization recognized. in fact a school year. elaborations on the field and an extended period of practical training in the company. “A.I.I. “F.Natta” di Padova I.S.

provides a broad cultural and administrative autonomy to the institutions of a region custodian of an ancient civilization with unique ethnic and linguistic characteristics. it is. As administrative body is called the Autonomous Region of Sardinia and it is an autonomous region with special status as part of the Italian Republic. Compulsory education The Constitution foresees compulsory schooling until 14 years of age. of course. from 6 to 16. a pun as in Italian severi is a synonim for strict. University and Research is responsible for school education (MIUR) It is represented at local level by regional and provincial education offices 6 The education system. Let’s connect to I.PADOVA 17 Second-cycle school Age of students: from 14 to 19 ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS The Italian school system 2 Italy and… Italy officially the Italian Republic. Phases Primo ciclo dell’istruzione (first cycle of education) 1. energy and safety in factories Responsible for the environment. 3 … Sardinia Sardinia is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea after Sicily. the recent financial law will provide for the extension of it to 16 years of age. SEVERI” .Scuola primaria (primary school) Age Scuola secondaria di I grado (lower secondary school) Age . an EU member state situated in the south overlooking the Mediterranean Sea.I. 4 Constitution of the Italian Republic Basic principles include: the freedom of education and teaching the duty of the state to provide a school open to everyone with no discrimination of any type the rights and duties of parents to provide education for their children the education and vocational training of disabled and handicapped citizens 5 Ministry of Education. energy and safety in factories Technician in computer systems and IT skills Technician in computer systems and IT skills 16 What about ITIS and Liceo Scientifico Tecnologico Francesco Severi? severi is a synonim for strict. The school is named after the Italian Mathematician Francesco Severi and it is regarded as a “strict” school. lasting 10 years.T. includes: scuola dell'infanzia (non-compulsory) for children between 3 and 6 years of age .S. however. The special status enshrined in the Constitution of the Italian Republic in 1948.identified as the needs of our local area: Responsible for the environment. “F. It is also known as the par excellence of "boot" for the form and the "Beautiful Country" because of climate and natural and artistic beauty.

history. a modern foreign language. 13 Teachers each teacher has a second cycle degree (laurea specialistica) to teach at every school level Primary school teachers can teach all subjects (are generalist teachers). for students from 14 to 19 years of age (Access to both university and non.7 Second cycle of education Post-compulsory education Admissions criteria Holders of the certificate of the first cycle of education may enter the second cycle of education Curriculum control and content Central government determines basic curricula for each branch of upper secondary education Core subjects common to all institutions are Italian. generally.service evaluation for permanent teachers However a new law of 2009 introduced a system of evaluation and awards to encourage excellence. 9 Secondo ciclo dell’istruzione (second cycle of education Age 14-19) Families are free to choose the kind of school they want to send their children to Classical education Liceo artistico (artistic upper secondary school) Liceo classico (classical upper secondary school) Liceo scientifico (scientific upper secondary school) Liceo linguistico (linguistic upper secondary school) Liceo artistico (artistic upper secondary school) Liceo delle scienze umane (human science upper secondary school Professional education 2 AREAS – 6 study courses Technical education 2 AREAS – 11 study courses 10 Higher education There are two main types of higher education: university and non-university higher education the degree university sector is now based on two main cycles (a three-year Laurea. . made up of different kinds of schools and. at the end of upper secondary education. but are responsible for a specific subject area. is the upper secondary school leaving examination 8 scuola secondaria di secondo grado (upper secondary school). Secondary school teachers are specialist teachers 14 There are: Permanent teachers Temporary teachers There is no in . disabled students have been integrated in ordinary schools there is not a separate education system for these students specialist support and auxiliary help is provided. We wait the implementing rules.university higher education is reserved for students after passing the State exam at the end of upper secondary school Vocational training courses are run by local authorities and can be attended by people who have reached 15 years of age. mathematics and physical education The final examination. followed by a two-year Laurea specialistica corresponding to a 3+2 framework) higher technology education (IFTS) 11 Continuing education There are 2 types of training: Centri Territoriali Permanenti (Centers for permanent education) Evening classes at upper secondary schools 12 Special educational support In Italy.

Frequency is not compulsory but it is highly recommended 4 Compulsory school Age Primary School Junior High School State examination: First degree High School Technical Institute Professional Institute . 19 Digital Program Directors MIUR program to facilitate communication between the various sectors of public administration and ensure transparency of the proceedings. and who is fast and simply suffer them. MIUR promotes the Digital School Projects.0 started by MIUR in the school in the year 2009/2010. and these new illiterates. people will be divided between those who possess the ability to master new technologies and know how to get the most.Board which aims ti provide digital whitebord in secondary schools and colleges can inlude involving teachers in a training methodology. until 15 years of age. as Umberto Eco says.LEARNING FOR: Support lifelong learning Increase the flexibility in the learning Improve the learning experience Reduce barriers to learning Active learning Respects individual learning 17 Good practices in Italy on the use of ITC Initial and ongoing training of teachers on ITC (begun in 2001 by MIUR and followed by INDIRE now ANSAS) From school year 2008/2009. Project 2. safer and faster dissemination of data. both in organizational learning. The Italian School System 2 In Italy everyone must attend school for ten years. Not compulsory education Compulsory educationNot compulsory education Infant School (3 years) Primary School (5 years) Junior High School (3 years) 2 years High School Technical Institute Professional Institute 3 years High School Technical Institute Professional Institute 3 Pre-School not compulsory Children from 3 to 5 years can attend Kindergartens or Infant schools. There are state and private kindergartens. The PEC makes information exchange more effective.15 Why ICT? In the near future. The project aims to generate best practices for using technology. The certified electronic mail (PEC) is a tool that allows you to give to an the same legal value as a registered letter with acknowledgment of receipt traditional. It also makes more transparent the administrative operation of schools. inevitably. in the wake of the european positive experiences and local pilot projects. will be excluded from most professions and certainly the most rewarding. has initially involved 156 lower secondary school. 18 Thease early installations of LIM have prompted a virtuous process of change and increased motivation to study of the students. 16 E.

6 is the threshold level of acceptability.5 Not compulsory education High School Technical School Professional School Occupational Training State examination: diploma You can start working or enrol at University Qualification only for working 6 Compulsory school subjects Italian language and culture History Geography English Maths Science Music Art P. Written tests of Italian.m to 4. INVALSI test (Italian and Maths) sent by the Ministery of Education all over Italy Oral examination on all the subjects studied in the last class. In the current school year there are pupils and 117 teachers 14 Our motto Our motto Le Radici e il Volo "Toute idée. From the past jumping into the future 16 Strong Points of our school Continuous relationship and cooperation among teachers of the different school levels. attitudes." (V. humaine ou divine. Pupils are evaluated at the end of the first term and at the end of the school year. umana o divina. Vertical projects (Art." 15 The meaning of our motto From tradition to innovation. that is 5 mornings and 5 afternoons. English. Their school success depends not only on the marks. Theatre. 13 classes altogether.H.m Primary School: Either 6 days from Monday to Saturday (27 hour lessons).00 a. but also on their behaviour. 25 classes altogether 13 A Junior High School: Cova-Lanzoni with 15 classes. progress. Les Rayons et les ombres) "Ogni idea. Hugo. teachers use marks from 4 to 10. Generally. Choir. 9 Junior High School At least 30 hour lessons a week. Music.00 p. that is 6 mornings and 1 afternoon Or 5 days from Monday to Friday (40 hour lessons). 11 Evaluation Compulsory School has to evaluate the results using marks from 1(very poor) to 10 (exellent). Qui prend le passé pour racine A pour feuillage l'avenir. Our School is called Domenico Matteucci and it includes: 2 kindergartens: Giardino dei Sogni and Il Girasole. Religion/another subject chosen by the school 7 Other Compulsory school subjects Only in Junior High School: French/Spanish/German Technics 8 School times Infant School: 5 days from Monday to Friday. . 12 What is a Comprehensive School in Italy? It is a school which includes pupils from 3 to 14 years old. Maths. It is possible to have laboratories or special activities in the afternoon. Che prende il passato per radice Ha per fogliame l’avvenire. 2 Primary schools: Tolosano and Pirazzini. from 8. second foreign language prepared by the school.E.S. 10 State examination at the end of J.

the Constitution considers the Educational System as a right for all the people. History. Information Technology. Day-care centres are available for children before the age of 3. Geography. The curriculum includes: Italian. The Education in Italy is divided into levels. It provides a common general education to students. His ceramics panels are famous all over the world. The Italian School System 2 In Italy. high school). The higher secondary schools are voluntary (except for the first two years). The aim of primary school is to promote a basic cultural education and to encourage social interaction. Technology. pupils are split up into class groups which will be the same for several years. middle. Before the age of 6. 90% of Italian children go to pre-schools (kindergarten). where the different teachers turn over. children can attend the pre-school. In December 2010 this school was named Domenico Matteucci. Although it is not compulsory. scuola elementare. Music. etc). until students are eighteen or nineteen years old. Students must pass an exam and obtain the Licenza di Scuola Media (the lower secondary school diploma) before moving up to Upper Secondary schools 6 Upper Secondary Education High secondary school lasts five years. The education is compulsory for children aged between 6 to 16 years. Art. after a poll among teachers and parents. Interest in culture and new technologies. Science and Religion (students can choose to attend different activities instead of Religion). is the Scuola Media (Middle School). Physical Education. English. Motivation of teachers and pupils. The main objectives of this level of education is to offer to pupils both a wider knowledge of reality through the different school subjects and the opportunity to develop their personality. It is compulsory and lasts for three years. lasts for five years. Math. Students must take a choice about their education . 17 Who was Domenico Matteucci? He was a famous artist living in Faenza. 3 COMPULSORY EDUCATION Scuola primaria (primary school)Age 5/ 6–11 Scuola secondaria di I grado (lower secondary school) Age 11–14 Scuola secondaria di II grado (upper secondary school) only first two years Age 14–16 4 Primary school Primary school. French (sometimes Spanish or German). just opposite our Junior High School.Science. Class sizes generally run about 20 or more pupils per class. 5 Lower Secondary Education The lower secondary school. At the beginning of the first year of each school level (elementary. Pupils have lessons always in the same classroom.

Places are restricted to a limited number of students. Italian Universities will be asked to adopt a ‘3 cycle system’: The first cycle. etc). 10 All these different types of schools lead to different types of degrees. industry or commerce. as well as to most part of non-university institutions of higher education. depending on the institution. At the end students take a "State Examination" to certificate the level achieved. 9 Technical Institutes (Istituti Tecnici) Studies last five years and prepare for both university studies and for a vocation. Tecnica. The doctorate course lasts 3-4 years. formerly known as Istituto Magistrale) Studies last for five years and prepare future primary school teachers. The student also continues to study Latin and one modern language 8 Fine Arts High School (Liceo Artistico) Studies can last four to five years and prepare for university studies in painting. This is the third level or post-graduate academic qualification. Dottorato di Ricerca. which can be state or private universities. 12 Length of the school day The length of lessons is usually 60 minutes and. full or half days. During the last three years philosophy and history of art are also studied. Professional Institutes (Istituti Professionali) These studies lead. to achievement of a vocational qualification. chemistry and natural sciences. There is a majority of students in technical schools that prepare students to work in a technical or administrative capacity in agriculture. Students do an obligatory two years (biennio) of general studies followed by three years (triennio) of specialised education. Scientific High School (Liceo Scientifico) Lasts for five years with an emphasis on physics. Greek and Italian literature form an important part of the curriculum.at an early age and choose the higher secondary schools they will attend. Magistrale. The Maturità is the minimum admission requirement to university studies. Now a progressive process of decentralization transferred the . sculpture or architecture Teacher Training School (Istituto Socio-Psico-Pedagogico. 11 High Education High education in Italy is provided by Universities. Artistica. 13 Distribution of responsibilities Education in Italy has traditionally been centrally administered. called Diploma di Maturità (Maturità Classica. The second cycle will last 2 years and will end with the awarding of a Laura Specializzata Research Doctorate. Linguistica. Scientifica. in three or five years. Latin. will be focused on a curriculum with a professional training bias and will culminate with the awarding of a first level degree called Laurea. Students can choose among these type of schools 7 Classical High School (Liceo Classico) This lasts for five years and prepares the student for university level studies. 3 years in length. Both primary and secondary schools offer from a minimum of 27 to 40 hours of teaching a week. One teacher for each subject accompanies the same group of students for several years In a school year of about 200 days from September to June schools open five or six days a week.

the recruitment and mobility of staff. 16 Local authorities The Regions have their own legislative and administrative responsibilities within the general guidelines set out in state laws. and issues legislation to this effect. They coordinate all school activities and are responsible for compliance with legislative provisions. It promotes curriculum and syllabus changes It directly administers (through provincial offices) arrangements concerning the budget.must conform to national laws. It formulates teaching and educational plans for each school year.e.administration and didactical decisions to the educational institutions. The School Council is made up of representatives elected by teaching and non-teaching staff. formation of classes. however. in upper secondary schools. and decide on disciplinary measures for pupils. allocation of teachers. Education policy. 18 Principals Principals are responsible for representing the school in the outside world and for management. i. administrative powers have gradually been decentralized to individual schools and colleges.state. It issues general guidelines on curricula and and sets the final examinations at upper secondary levels. In each institution. organize the school internally. national guidelines and state legislation. training and guidance outside upper secondary schools. and decides on . supervision and discipline within the school. and all schools . or private . taking into account specific local requirements. remains centralized. The overall responsibility for education is in the hands of the Ministry of Education. parents and. 19 Teachers’ Assembly The Teachers' Assembly is composed of all the permanent and temporary teachers of each school (pre-school. primary school and middle school of the same comprehensive institution) and is chaired by the principal. renewal and maintenance of school equipment and teaching materials and decides on extracurricular and sports activities. They implement the decisions of the School Council. Institutions In recent years. they plan the establishment and construction of new schools or improvements to existing structures and administer funds received from the State for this purpose. Rhe Regions are also responsible for vocational education. They are responsible for the recruitment of temporary teachers for less than one academic year. administrative functions are carried out by the School Council (Consiglio di istituto) and the Principal (Preside). 17 The School Council The School Council is responsible for budgetary matters and for the organization and planning of non-educational school activities. giving them responsibilities. 14 Ministry of Education Local Authorities School Council PrincipalInstitutions Teachers' Assempbly Class council 15 The Ministry of Education It has general responsibility for the supervision and coordination of all educational activities. timetable. This process is called autonomia. It deliberates the purchase. students.

diversification and integration of education. 23 Teachers generally work for 35 years. They teach 18 hours per week + 80 hours per year of planning work and general meetings. check the progress of teaching and discipline in the class. They teach 22 hours per week + 2 hours of planning work In the Secondary School teachers can teach at both lower secondary or at upper secondary level. two of whom are replaced by two pupils' representatives at upper secondary level. 22 Teachers Teachers in Primary School are generalists but assume responsibility for a subject area (linguistic. till the age of 60 for women and 65 for men. They formulate educational and teaching plans for the class. mathematic or anthropologic areas). All teachers in public schools are assigned to a certain school from a central system.types of interdisciplinary coordination while respecting the freedom of teaching of each teacher. The Italian education system 2008 edition Eurydice European Commision . Length of service is the main factor taken into account in determining salary increases. in consultation with the Class Councils. They include the payment of overtime and additional responsibilities. The basic salary may be accompanied under certain special circumstances by various forms of additional earnings. 21 Private Education The approval of the bill concerning the equal status of State and State-recognised schools (scuole paritarie) (March 2000) aims to provide measures to support parents of children and school-aged young people regardless of whether they are enrolled in a State school or attend a State-recognised institution. There is no difference between “new” and “old” teachers and there are no promotions. It also selects textbooks and teaching materials. and makes proposals concerning the organization of the school and in-service teacher training. in order to ensure the right to education and promote the expansion. organize supplementary activities and carry out the periodical and final assessment of pupils. 20 The Class Council The Class Council is composed of teachers of the same class and four elected parents' representatives.

Students started to attend school with the other students Depending on their . organization. 9 Upper secondary education Age 14 – 19 Liceo Classico Liceo scientifico Liceo linguistico Liceo socio psico pedagogico Liceo artistico Istituto tecnico 10 Vocational education Age 14 – – 19 The system offers many different branches 11 Assessment Oral and written work is assessed at least two times a year At the end of upper secondary education there is a final examination 12 Subjects Central government determines basic curricula for each branch of upper secondary education and gives guidance for teaching methods.mathematics and physical education 13 The Integration of handicapped students Started in 1977 with Law n.mathematics. history. art.mathematics. catholic religion ( not compulsory ) Lower secondary: Italian. 517 Hd. geography. catholic religion ( not compulsory) The Ministry of education gives guidelines for each subject. experimentation and development autonomy 4 Pre. research. history.history. ICT.Primary education Age 3-6 The weekly number of hours range from 25 to 48 ( Parents choise ) per 35 weeks per year It is free (parents pay just for canteen services and transport if necessary) but it is not compulsory 5 Compulsory education From 6 to 16 years of age Primary school Age Lower secondary school Age first years of Upper secondary school Age 14 – 16 Its free of charge but families pay for books 6 School year At least 200 days ( September to June) 891 minimum teaching hours in primary and lower secondary 33 teaching weeks Average amount of 27/29 teaching hours minimum per week 7 Assessment Periodical and annual assessment for pupils learning and behaviour On completion of the compulsory first school cycle students take a State examination at 14 to be admitted to the upper secondary education level 8 Subjects Elementary: Italian.science. physical education. a second foreign language. geography. Common subjects to all Institutions are: Italian. thecnical education.ICT. english language.2 General informations In School year there were students of all school levels The Ministry of Public Education is the responsible for school education At local level it is represented By regional and provincial education offices From 1999 we have school autonomy 3 School Autonomy Grants to all schools teaching. at least a foreign language. music. english language.physical education. science. music and drawing.

geography. Scuola secondaria di secondo grado The Scuola secondaria di secondo grado lasts five years (even though some istituti professionali might offer a diploma after only three years). teachers. history. and provides further education on the subjects studied at the scuola primaria. called Esame di Maturità. doctors. Scuola elementare lasts five years. lower secondary school (scuola secondaria di primo grado). 4. and is divided into five stages: kindergarten (scuola dell'infanzia). Every type involves an exam at the end of the final year. The students are given a basic education in Italian. Until middle school. natural sciences. English. with the addition of Technology and a language other than English (typically French. physical education and visual and musical arts. The curriculum is the same for all schools. social workers. mathematics. required to gain a diploma and have access to further education. 2 Primary education Scuola primaria (primary school). the educational curriculum is the same for all pupils: although one can attend a private or state-funded school.Certificate The Family asks for certificate to the State Medical Institute Takes it to school At school a group of experts is activated ( headteacher. is commonly preceded by three years of non-compulsory nursery school (or kindergarten). The secondary school .when to evaluate the students progress is fixed yearly in the school personalised plan Students take the final State Examination (licenza media) according to the plan made at the biginning of each school year In upper secondary education students get a certificate of attendance Education in Italy Education in Italy is compulsory from 6 to 16 years of age. the subjects studied are the same (with the exception of special schools for the blind or the hearing-impaired). upper secondary school (scuola secondaria di secondo grado) and university (università). also known as scuola elementare. This exam takes place every year between June and July and grants access to University. parents ) to prepare the personalized school plan for each student and to follow the students progress 15 Plan Objectives To promote students integration To promote students autonomy To promote students motivation Focus on skills because skills improve integration 16 Evaluation What. At the end of the third year students sit an exam which enables them to continue their education.handicap. primary school (scuola primaria). Italy has both public and private education systems. these students have the right to be followed (1:1 teaching ratio) by a specialized teacher for several hours a week (min. Spanish or German). 3 Scuola secondaria di primo grado The Scuola secondaria di primo grado lasts three years (roughly from age 11 to 13).5 hours – maximum 18 hours) 14 How to get the Hd. social studies. how.

e. All of the Licei have many subjects in common. while other subjects are peculiar to a particular type of Liceo (i. since there are several types of schools differentiated by subjects and activities. which range over a space of 8 years. School attendance is compulsory from the age of 6 to 16. pp. The reform has in fact done away with the old final examination (licenza elementare ). Ancient Greek in the Liceo Classico. 2 although not compulsory. has been the first stage of the education system since Children can be enrolled by nursery schools around the age of 3 and a high percentage of them attends at least one year before going to primary school.Istituti tecnici 5 REFORMS ON THE WAY The introduction of Latin as a compulsory subject in all Licei(except for the arts and the music licei) English as a compulsory subject for 5 years in all licei More teaching hours for mathematics. the Istituto Tecnico and the Istituto Professionale. consists of a primary school and the first cycle of secondary school. 19th Children can be enrolled on the first year of primary School around the age of 6 and can be admitted to secondary education level on the basis of a positive assessment at the end of the fifth year. The 59 Legislative Decree of February. or Mathematics. IX-XXI. Based on the new organization. which are the first segment the right-duty to education and training is implemented in. such as Italian Literature. there was a math and Italian language national test. PREPRIMARY EDUCATION 3 It lasts five (5) years and was completely reformed by the 59 Legislative Decree of February. 4 School leaving age 18. The Istituto tecnico is mainly a business studies school and the Istituto Professionale is a vocational school. pupils are supposed to pass a final exam and get the leaving secondary education level I certificate. The main division is between the Liceo. pedagogy in the Liceo delle Scienze Umane or scenography in the Liceo Artistico). Final exam Vocational schools Degree Specialistic degree University Licei. for the first time. 19th 2004 provides a reform and National Guidelines for the personalized plans of educational activities in nursery schools. To gain access to upper secondary schools.situation varies. the first cycle of education. data summary school year 2005/2006. PRIMARY EDUCATION 4 It lasts a total of three (3) years. physics and sciences The introduction of CLIL (Content and Language Integrated Learning) in the fifth grade which foresees the teaching of a subject through a foreign language The exploitation of economic and legal studies Brief description of the Italian Education System Eurydice Source Source: MPI. organized by the National Exam Board INVALSI. In 2007. the State School. for all the students . The "Liceo refers to a class of secondary schools oriented towards the study of the arts and sciences.

Nearly 40% . The state pays the bulk of the building and running costs of state-funded primary schools. Although children are not obliged to attend school until the age of six. LOWER LEVEL SECONDARY EDUCATION 5 UPPER SECONDARY EDUCATION for students aged between 14 and 19. almost all children begin school in the September following their fourth birthday. According to the Bologna process the Italian University system consists of three cycles (bachelor/master/doctorate). although this pattern is changing. Students are given also the possibility of fulfilling the obligation through the three year experimental vocational training and instruction courses that are organized by the Regions. The non-university higher education consists of higher-level artistic and musical training.taking place in the whole country at the same time. o technical high school specialicing in: electronic. with particular attention to the requirements of the local labour market. The state-funded schools include religious schools. building surveyor. multi-denominational schools and Gaelscoileanna (Irish-medium schools). but a local contribution is made towards their running costs. non-denominational schools. At the present the upper secondary is divided into many branches: o senior high school specialicing in: classical studies. (compulsory schooling). Teachers’ salaries are paid by the Department of Education and Skills. electrotechnic. modern languages. Next school year is foreseen a Reform of Italian Educational system. didactics and education. artistic education. science education. most primary schools are state-aided parish schools. technical education. Compulsary schooling 7 The higher education system is divided into State and non-State establishments. and other courses offered by nonuniversity higher education establishments. A distinction is also drawn between university and non-university higher education. to better face the new requirements of the more and more developing society we live in. For historical reasons. 6 Since the school year 2007/08 the first two years of upper secondary school have become compulsory. mechanic. HIGHER EDUCATION Primary Education The primary education sector includes state-funded primary schools. o vocational school specialicing in theoretical and practical preparation either for skilled tasks or for manual work and artistic production in various sectors. special schools and private primary schools. and the schools are inspected by the Department’s Inspectorate.

senior infants. Pupils normally transfer to post-primary education at the age of twelve. emotional.of four-year-olds and almost all five-year-olds are enrolled in infant classes in primary schools (sometimes called national schools). Personal and Health Education. The primary curriculum aims to provide a broad learning experience and encourages a rich variety of approaches to teaching and learning that cater for the different needs of individual children. social and physical. The curriculum is divided into the following key areas: Language – Irish and English Mathematics Social. and first to sixth classes. . The general aims of primary education are: To enable the child to live a full life as a child and to realise his or her potential as a unique individual To enable the child to develop as a social being through living and co-operating with others and so contribute to the good of society To prepare the child for a continuum of learning. cognitive. was the first complete revision of the curriculum since 1971. aesthetic. Environment and Scientific Education Arts Education. The revised primary curriculum. moral. including Visual Arts. Music and Drama Physical Education Social. launched in 1999. The revised curriculum is designed to nurture the child in all dimensions of his or her life— spiritual. Primary education consists of an eight year cycle: junior infants. imaginative.