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**Structural Analysis and Design of
**

A Residential Building

OF

GITA OJHA

Location:

DHAPAKHEL-23

Designed By:

SUMAN ENGINEERING CONSULTANCY

**Designer: Shailendra Kumar Yadav
**

Registration No.: 11702 “A”

Signature:…………………………

Date: MAY, 2016

SAP2000

0 Files Mrs. Gita Ojha– 3-D view – KN, m , C units

**GENERAL INFORMATION AND DESIGN SUMMARY REQUIRED FOR FORM FILLING FOR
**

MINICIPAL APPROVAL

1.

2.

3.

4.

**Type of the building
**

Total plinth area of the building

Total number of storey

Total height of the building (considered during

Analysis) Hi

5. Typical storey height

6. Least lateral base dimension of the building

(Considered for time period calculation): d

7. Height to least lateral base dimension: H/d

8. Type of the soil considered

9. Bearing capacity of soil adopted

10. Analysis software used for building design

11. Code used for seismic analysis

12. Total number of load combination

13. Total number of mode considered

14. Total seismic weight of the building used: Wi

15. Fundamental translation period :T=0.06H0.75

16. Basic seismic coefficient for translation period :C

17. Seismic zone factor : Z

18. Importance factor : I

19. Structural performance factor : K

20. Design horizontal seismic coefficient: Cd=CZIK

21. Design horizontal base shear : Vh

22. Eccentricity due to mass and stiffness considered

23. Grade of concrete

24. Rebar used

25. Size of column

26. Size of beam

27. Thickness of the slab

28. Maximum inter-storey drift

Residential

857.67 sq ft (GF)

two and half

31’ (9.44m)

9’-4”

6.75m(x-direction)

1.4

Type II(medium soft soil)

150KN/m2

SAP2000V14

NBC 105:1994

13

11

1097.79KN

0.323sec

0.08 for T<0.5 & soil type II

1(for valley towns)

1(for residential building)

1(for SMRF structures)

0.08

87.82KN

0.05

M20

Fe415

300X300

230X350

125mm

0.003

The building project is located at ward no. which is safe. All the design data are considered in the detail architectural and structural drawings. Background The owner of the building is Mrs.1. Dhapakhel. lalitpur. the construction of the building is carried out. At first the preliminary size of various members for specific structure are fixed and the analysis is carried out. of top floor.23. ft. Those records reveal that Nepal is hit by 18 major earthquakes. After the completion of the office works which include design and drawings. electrical. Total floor area of the proposed building is 2378. ft. The construction of any building consist of three phases : a) design. It is located in the boundary of the two colliding tectonic plates the Indian plates and Tibetan plates. The basic aim of the structural design is to build a structure. However it would be infeasible to design the building so as to ensure that they Elastic and damage free because the occurrence of maximum earthquakes low say one in 75 years. The design should ensure the structure against stability. This is two and half storey frame structure building. mechanical and sanitary design components. of ground and first floor each with 662. The effort with the design has been carried out becomes worthwhile only if the design is translated to a corresponding high quality structure. Gita Ojha. Nepal is seismically active zone. b) drawing with proper detailing and . structural design. After the completion of the design. and in which 857.08 sq ft.67 sq. economical in term Of initial construction and maintenance cost. Thus the seismic design of building is done and the brief detailing report has been prepared. The presentation of the design calculation and drawing should be clear. Footings are tied in both axes.c)construction as per drawing and detailing . With the result obtained from analysis and necessary design are carried out. Thus it is reliable to ductile structure and not to design damage free structure but non-collapsible structure for minimum destruction on lives and properties. This project comprises planning architectural design. the 1833. drawings are prepared with all necessary details. Isolated and strap beam footing are provided in foundation. durable and also maintaining a good aesthetic appearance. Land area proposed site is 1574.73 sq. ft. . strength and serviceability levels of seismic safety. fulfilling the intended purpose during its estimated life. Records of the earthquake are available since 1255AD.74 sq. The design of structure consist of two parts: i)analysis and ii) design. 1834 and 2072 earthquakes were the most destructive ones.

lalitpur Plinth area: 598.75m Height to least lateral base dimension: 1.ft. Material Reinforced Concrete for column.4 External walls: 9” Internal walls: 5” Plaster thickness: 12mm Wall and partition: Brick Masonry Wall Structural features: Structural system: RCC frame structure Foundation type: Isolated sloped footing and Strap foundation Column: Square(12”x12”) Beam: rectangular (9”x14”) Slab: 125mm (5”) Salient features: Soil type: medium soft soil Seismic zone: V (as per IS 1893:2002.2. slab: M20 .97sq. Description of the Building General features: Project: Earthquake resistant design of residential building Location: Dhapakhel . Part-1) Allowable bearing capacity: 150KN/m2 3.44m Least lateral base dimension: 6. beam. Architectural features: Type of building: residential building Number of storey: two and half Height of storey: 9’-4” Total height of the building: 9.

Column & Slabs.5KN/m2 Floor finishing (Marble) 26KN/m3 6.0 KN/m2 Corridors 3. Dead loads Dead loads are assumed to be produced by slab. parapet walls and staircase. column.30 4.55tones/m3 Young’s modulus of Elasticity: 5000√fck Poisson’s ratio for concrete: 0. The weight of building materials are taken as per IS 875-1987(Part-1) Specific weight of materials [Ref: IS: 875-1987(Part-1)] Materials Unit weight (γ) Reinforced Concrete 25KN/m3 Brick masonry 19KN/m3 Floor finishing 1KN/m Cement Sand Plaster 0. of concrete: 25KN/m3 Unit mass: 2. main components to be modeled are: Beams.Reinforcement: Fe415 Unit wt.Modeling Since this is normal moment resisting frame structure.20 Poisson’s ratio for rebar: 0. For the purpose of following material properties are assumed for concrete: Grade of concrete: M20 Grade of Steel: Fe415 Unit weight: 25KN/m3 Unit mass: 2.0KN/m2 2 .0KN/m2 Stairs 3. beams. Live loads Bed room 2.0KN/m2 Balcony 3. walls.5 tones/m3 5.

Load cases Following loads have been considered in the analysis of the building as per IS 1893-2002 *Dead load (DL) *Live load (LL) *Earthquake load in +ve X-direction (EQX+) *Earthquake load in -ve X-direction (EQX-) *Earthquake load in +ve Y-direction (EQY+) *Earthquake load in -ve Y-direction (EQY-) . Z=seismic zoning factor =1. 8. hence the manual calculation of seismic load and the seismic forces have not been shown.0 for residential building K=structural performance factor = 1 for SMRF C= basic seismic coefficient for fundamental translation period (T) T= 0.Roof (accessible) 1.75 for moment resisting frame with brick infill panel Where. Cd =Design horizontal seismic coefficient = C*Z*I*K Where.00 for valley town I=importance factor=1. Seismic load calculation as per NBC 105:1994 Design Base Shear Vb = Cd*Wi [7. The seismic weight of building and the distribution of base shear to the horizontal diaphragm are generated from the analysis in SAP2000.3 IS: 1893:2002 (Part 1)] Where. [7.2 IS: 1893:2002 (Part 1)] The seismic forces are applied to the model of the building in SAP2000 automatically for the purpose of seismic analysis.7KN/m2 7.3.5KN/m2 Roof (In accessible) 0.06H0. H= total height of the structures considered in analysis W= seismic weight of the building that includes total Dead load plus appropriate amount of live 1893:2002 (Part 1)] load [8 IS: Percentage of live load to be taken for calculating seismic weight =25% for live load intensity up to and including 3KN/m2 and 50% for load intensity above 3KN/m2 [table 8. IS: 1893:2002 (Part 1)] The live load on roof need not be considered for calculating the seismic weight of the building.5.

Spacing of shear reinforcement has been calculated as per ductility principle. Analysis A three dimensional linear analysis has been carried out using the standard software SAP2000. COMBO12 (DL+1.9DL+1. Longitudinal reinforcement in columns has been calculated based on critical load combination among thirteen load combination.25EQX-) 4.5LL) 2. Centre to centre dimension of the structure has been considered in the analysis. The beams are modeled as rectangular beams.25EQY+) 5.25EQY-) 11. COMBO2 (DL+1.25EQY+) 13. COMBO5 (DL+1. COMBO4 (DL+1. COMBO11 (DL+1. COMBO3 (DL+1. The brick wall is considered as filler wall only.25EQY-) 6.3LL+1.9DL+1. b. It is calculated from the envelop of bending moment diagram. COMBO8 (0.9DL+1. Design Limit state design has been adopted to design RCC frame building structure. COMBO13 (DL+1.3LL+1. The structure is assumed to be fixed at the foundation level. Longitudinal reinforcement in beam is also calculated by critical load combination.25EQX+) 7.3LL+1.9DL+1. COMBO6 (0. . COMBO1 (1. Analysis and Design a. IS13920-1993 have been used for this purpose. Footings have been designed for the vertical loads and moment developed at the base due to dead load and love load only. Load Combination Following load combination have been adopted as per NBC105:1994 1. COMBO7 (0. COMBO9 (0.3LL+1.25EQX+) 3.25EQY+) 9. IS456:2000 and SP16 code is used to design.25EQX-) 12. Square footing have been adopted from seismic point of view that reversal stress may occur.25EQX+) 11.5DL+1. The flange of the beam has been neglected. COMBO10 (DL+1.25EQY-) 10.9.25EQX-) 8.

12.25KN/m2 Floor finishes FF 1KN/m2 Partition wall PP 1KN/m2 Live load LL 2KN/m2 Total load TL 7.73 Ast req.95 Short αx- 0.642 210.12% 0.19%>0.24 142. 8Ø@250mm c\c 8Ø@200mm c\c 8Ø@250mm c\c 8Ø@250mm c\c P% 0.24%>0.25KN/m2 Factored load Pu 1. clear cover.12% 0.34m Slab depth provided d 105mm (Lx/d = 32 from IS 456:2000) Overall depth of slab D 120mm (d + cc where.12% 0.05 Long αy- 0.0686 7. Sample design calculation of slab 1) data Slab type two adjacent edges discontinuous Grade of concrete M20 Grade of steel Fe415 Shorter span Lx 3.88KN/m2 Considering 1m width of slab Pu 10.88 KN/m 2) load calculation 3)slab type Ly/Lx = 1.035 3. Sample calculation a.19%>0.32 Long αy+ 0.5x7.9 105.36<2 so the slab is Two way slab Two adjacent edge discontinues 4)bending moment Span Short Coeff αx+ Coeff value 0.25= 10.2m Longer span Ly 4.21 5)check for shear steel Prov. cc=15mm)) Dead load DL 3.0514 Mu 5.19%>0.12% . 155.047 5.

408x1000)/(1000x110) = 0. 280KN . Sample design of sloped square footing. (IS456:2000) 1)data Load case 1 Grade of concrete M20 Steel grade Fe415 Axial load 254.54 KN My 0. Ʈv< Ʈ’c .312Mpa Shear strength in slab. Ʈ’c= kƮc For D=125mm. k=1.1 2)pressure Total wt.2 = 17. b.Lx = 1/2x10. Ʈc= 0.05KNm Mz 0 KNm Column size .408KN Nominal shear stress: Ʈv= V/bd = (17.30 Therefore Ʈ’c= 0.405Mpa We get. hence safe So no shear reinforcement is required.19% and for M20 concrete.88x3.16 Mpa Percentage of steel is 0. b 300mm Column size.Maximum shear force: V=1/2xPu. d 300mm SBC of soil 150 KN/m2 Design factor 1.

e.70m L = 1. Ast =787.98KN/m2 3) eccentricity X = 0.4 Footing pressure Pmax 129.5 provide 12mm dia @ 130 mm c/c Similarly on other side 12mm dia @ 130 mm c/c .36Mpa Vu = 64.93m B 1. Reinforcement i.4m = Eff.F.98KN/m2 Footing pressure Pmin 129.39 KN/m2 which is safe.4x1.4m (2/3)L = 0.85kn/m2 4)check for shear One way shear check: %P of steel assumed 0.Area of footing 1.29Mpa Resistance 866.70m Y = 0.12Mpa tv= 0. at this section 225.96 KN Ks = 1 tc = 1.09 KN then We get.87m2 Size of footing (L and B) 1.25mm adopt d= 315mm (two time of depth) Overall depth(D)=390 where cc is 75 mm Two way shear check: Perimeter 2460mm at d/2 from face of column S. d= 156. qu = 142.25% Designed shear is 0.

Stirrups 7mm@150c/c of 2-legged . @ 130 mm c/c and 12mm dia.After flexural design on four corners we get. @130mm c/c Provide strap beam of : Beam size 300*450 Top reinforcement 2-16mm+1-12mm dia. Bottom reinforcement 2-16mm+1-12mm dia. Side bar 2-12mm dia. reinforcement detail on both way is 12mm dia.

34 THICKNESS(mm) BAR AT SHORT SPAN 125 8mm@250mm c\c (i. 9”) REMARK PSOTIVE NEGATIVE . slab.e. 9”) ”) 8mm@250mm c\cc (i.34 1 3.2x4. and footing COLUMN DETAILS Concrete grade: M20 steel grade:fe415 SLAB DETAIL SN SIZE(m) 1 3.e. 7”) BAR AT LONG SPAN 8mm@250 8mm@250mm c\c (i. 9”) 125 8mm@200mm c\c (i.e.Detail reinforcement of column.2x4.e. beam.

C3. S. MB MB MB TB Size 230x350 230x350 230x350 230x230 Top Support 2-12ᶲ+1-16ᶲ 2-12ᶲ+1-16ᶲ 2-12ᶲ 3-12ᶲ Mid 2-12ᶲ 2-12ᶲ 2-12ᶲ 3-12ᶲ Bottom Support Mid 2-12ᶲ+1-12ᶲ 2-12ᶲ 2-12ᶲ 2-12ᶲ 2-12ᶲ 2-12ᶲ 3-12ᶲ 3-12ᶲ Remarks 1st floor 2nd floor Up to top floor Plinth level .A3.D1. 3.B1.5 GRID REINFORCEMENT 12mm@150mm BOTH WAY A1.FOOTING DETAIL Minimum foundation depth from original ground level:5’-0” SN 1 TYPE RAFT DEPTH(mm) SIZE(m) 600 2 F1 400 1. Type 1.B3.C2. 2.D2.B2.N.5X1.A2.C1.D3 12MM@130mm BOTH WAY BEAM REINFORCEMENT Spacing of stirrup: 8mm@100mm near support and 8mm@150mm at middle and two legged stirrup.

m . C units .SAP OUTPUT SAP2000 Files-Mrs. Files Gita Ojha– axial force – KN.

m . C units . Gita Ojha Files– wall load – KN.SAP2000 Mrs.

m . Gita Ojha – Shear 2-2 – KN. C units .SAP2000 0 Files Mrs.

Gita Ojha – Shear Force 2-2 – KN.SAP2000 Files Mrs. C units . m .

m. Gita Ojha –Load assigning – KN. C units . m.SAP2000 Mrs. Gita Ojha -Load Assigning – KN. C units SAP2000 Mrs.

m.SAP2000 Mrs. C units . Gita Ojha – load defining – KN.

m. Gita Ojha –Beam section result – KN.SAP2000 Mrs. Gita Ojha – Column result – KN. m. C units . C units SAP2000 Mrs.

Gita Ojha – beam reinforcement – KN. mm . C units .SAP2000 Files Mrs.

C units . Gita Ojha – beam reinforcement – KN. mm .SAP2000 Files Mrs.

SAP2000 Files Mrs. mm . Gita Ojha – beam reinforcement– KN. C units .

C units . m mm . Gita Ojha – beam and column reinforcement – KN.SAP2000 Files Mrs.

SAP2000 Files Mrs. C units . Gita Ojha – beam and column reinforcement – KN. m mm .

mm . Gita Ojha – beam and column reinforcement – KN.SAP2000 Files Mrs. C units .

08 Basic seismic coefficient along Y (C) 0. OF MATERIALS Unit wt.of RCC 25kg/m3 Unit wt.323 sec Basic seismic coefficient along X (C) 0.79KN Fundamental time period of the building along X (TX) 0. of Brick 19kg/m3 NBC 104-1994 WIND LOAD Wind zone 1 Basic wind speed 47 m/s NBC 105-1994 SEISMIC DESIGN OF BUILDING NEPAL Method adopted for earthquake resistant design Seismic coefficient Method Adopted code for seismic design NBC105 Subsoil category Type II (Medium) Seismic Weight (W) 1097.Genral: Building Structure Type Frame Structure Numer of storey applied for permit two and half Number of storey considered in structural design Three Total height of the structure with extension (h) NBC101-1994 MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS 9.323 sec Fundamental time period of the building along Y (TY) 0.08 Seismic zoning factor (Z) 1 .44m Material used in structure 1)Brick Masonry 2) RCC NBC 102-1994 UNIT WT.50 kg/m3 Unit wt . of steel 78.

003 Corresponding storey height for maximum inter-storey 2.84 Drift (h) NBC 107-1994 PROVISIONAL RECOMMENDATION ON FIRE SAFETY Have you considered fire safety requirement Yes NBC 114-1994 CONSTRUCTION SAFETY Are you sure that all safety measure will be fulfilled in the construction site as per this code? Safety wares used Yes *Safety hard hat *Safety goggles *Safety boots *Safety belts *First aid facility STRUCTURAL DATA FOR RCC FRAMED RCC STRUCTURE NBC 110-1994 PLAIN AND REINFORCED CONCRETE Concrete grade Reinforcemet steel grade M20 Fe415 Fe500 SLAB DESIGN Boundry condition of slab Two adjacent edge discontinous Effective depth of slab 110mm Short span of critical slab panel (LX) 3200mm Long span of critical slab panel (LY) 4340mm Calculated short span to effective depth ratio (LX/d) 29.82 KN Base shear (Vb) for seismic coefficient along Y 87.08 Base shear (Vb) for seismic coefficient along X 87.82KN Maximum Inter-Storey drift 0.08 Design horizontal seismic coefficient along Y (Cd) 0.909 .Importance factor (I) 1 Structural performance factor (K) if NBC used 1 Design horizontal seismic coefficient along X (Cd) 0.09 Basic (l/d) ratio 32 Required modification factor for tension reinforcement 0.

25 1.5 1.9 1.25 Yes Depth of foundation from ground level to the bottom of footing 1.07% Design philosophy Limit state design LOAD COMBINATION 1: DL 1: LL 2: DL 2: LL 2: EQ 3: DL 3: EQ 4: DL 4: EQ Whether sample design calculations of foundations.3 1.15 COLUMN DESIGN Critical column height 2. Beams and slabs are submitted Type of foundation 1.6 BEAM DESIGN Effective depth of beam (d) 330mm Critical span (L) 4340mm Support condition Simply support Basic (L/d) ratio 20 Calculated critical span to effective depth ratio (L/d) 13.84m Minimum size of column (BXD) 300mmX300mm Short column effect of column considered or not Yes Minimum area of longitudinal reinforcement provided 1.0 1.Required tension reinforcement (Ast) % for short span bottom 0.5 1.5m Isolated . column.2 0.129% Actual modification factor for tension reinforcement 1.142% Required tensin reinforcement (Ast) % for long span bottom 0.0 1.

Reference IS456:2000 code of practice for plain and reinforced concrete IS875 (part 1-5) code for practice for design loads other than earthquake for building and structure IS1893:2002 criteria for earthquake resistance design of structures NBC105:1994 seismic design of building in Nepal IS 13920:1993 ductile detailing of reinforced concrete structures subjected to seismic forces code for practice SP16 design aids for reinforced concrete to IS456:2000 SP34 handbook on concrete reinforcement detailing Pillai. second edition. Tata McGraw Hill publishing company Ltd.C. and reinforced concrete design. Menon New Delhi. U. 2003 .

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