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Female moths are pale yellow-brown with irregular darker bands running in
wavy lines across their wings; male moths are distinctly darker and usually
2. Mating takes place in early June (first generation) and in late July and early
August (second generation) in dense grassy areas around corn fields. Female
moths generally lay their eggs on the underside of corn leaves (often along
the leaf midrib), leaf sheaths, and/or ears, depending on the generation, in
masses of 15 to 30 eggs overlapping like scales of a fish.
3. After 5 to 6 days, the eggs develop what appears to be black spots, which are
actually the head capsules of young borer larvae. Once the black head is
visible, hatching is imminent.
First generation borers are usually present during June in the whorl of corn plants.
As the larvae feed and grow, some may be found tunneled into the midrib of leaves.
This damage can cause leaves to break at the point of borer entry. As the borers
feed on the leaves, they typically produce a characteristic random or "shot hole"
damage pattern. These holes become apparent as the leaves grow out of the whorl.
By the time the first-generation borers are half grown, they will have moved down
the stalk and bored into it, leaving behind their sawdust-like excrement called frass
at the stalk entry hole.