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Digital Artifact

Copyright def:
the exclusive legal right, given to an originator or an assignee
to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic, or
musical material, and to authorize others to do the same.
What is copyright?
...Copyright is a form of protection grounded in the U.S. Constitution and granted
by law for original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression.
Copyright covers both published and unpublished works.
Fair use act:

The "Freedom and Innovation Revitalizing United States Entrepreneurship Act

of 2007" (FAIR USE Act) was a proposed United States copyright law that
would have amended Title 17 of the U.S. Code, including portions of the
Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) to "promote innovation, to
encourage the introduction of new technology, to enhance library
preservation efforts, and to protect the fair use rights of consumers, and for
other purposes. The bill would prevent courts from holding companies
financially liable for copyright infringement stemming from the use of their
hardware or software, and proposes six permanent circumvention exemptions
to the DMCA
What is plagiarism?
...the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off
as one's own.

Public domain:
the state of belonging or being available to the public as a whole, and
therefore not subject to copyright.