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CHE302(Fall97)__________________

LASTNAME,FIRST
Quiz#1
(Closednotesandclosedbooks,35minutes)
1. A.Temperatureandpressurearesometimesextensivepropertiesofasystem.
B.Anadiabaticwallpreventsenergytransferasheatbutnotaswork.
1.AandBaretrue
2.OnlyAistrue 3.OnlyBistrue
4.AandBarefalse
2. A.Anisolatedsystemhasaboundarywhichallowsonlyaparticularenergyinteraction
withitsenvironment.
B.Asteadystateopensystemisanexampleofasystemthatisatequilibrium.
1.AandBaretrue
2.OnlyAistrue 3.OnlyBistrue
4.AandBarefalse
3. Onegrammoleofagasatatemperatureof25 oCandapressureof1bariscompressedto10
barbyaprocessinwhichPVg=constant,whereg=CP/CV.Determine:
a.(5pts)Theworkrequired.
b.(5pts)Thechangeininternalenergyofthegas.
GasisidealwithCP=38J/mol.oK.GasconstantR=8.314J/mol.oK.

4. (6pts)A4m3 wellinsulatedstoragetankcontaining2m3 ofliquidistobepressurized


adiabaticallywithairfromalarge,highpressurereservoirthroughavalveatthetopofthetank
topermitrapidejectionoftheliquid.Theairinthereservoirismaintainedat100barand300oK.
Thegasspaceabovetheliquidcontainsinitiallyairat1barand280 oK.Whenthepressureinthe
tankreaches5barandtheliquidtransfervalveisstillclosed,whatistheairtemperature? Airis
anidealgaswithCP=38J/mol.oK.GasconstantR=8.314J/mol.oK

CHE302(Fall97)__________________
LASTNAME,FIRST
Quiz#2
(Closednotesandclosedbooks,35minutes)
1. A.Atconstantpressure,enthalpychangeforaclosedsystemequalstheheateffectfora
reversibleprocessdoingPVwork.
B.Cpforanidealgasisindependentoftemperature.
1.AandBaretrue

2.OnlyAistrue 3.OnlyBistrue

4.AandBarefalse

2. Arigidtank3m3 intotalvolumeinitiallycontains1200kgofsaturatedliquidwater;the
remainderofthevolumeisfilledwithsaturatedvaporsteam.Theinitialtemperatureis200 oC;at
thattime800kgofliquidwaterat60oCareaddedtothetank,alongwithenoughheattokeep
thetemperatureat200oC.Steamstillpresentsattheendoftheprocess.
2a) A.Theinitialspecificpropertiesofthesaturatedwaterandsteamcanbedeterminedfrom
thesteamtable.
B.Theinitialandfinalspecificpropertiesofthesaturatedwaterandsteamarethesame.
1.AandBaretrue
2.OnlyAistrue 3.OnlyBistrue
4.AandBarefalse
2b)(4pts)Theinitialspecificvolumesofsaturatewaterandsteamare:Vl=1.157x103m3/kg,
Vv=127.4x103m3/kg.Determinetheinitalvapormassinkg.

3. a)(6pts)Calculatetheminimumamountofworkrequiredtocool1molofoxygengasat
298oKand1atmto90.13oKinareversibleisobaricprocessinwhichheatistransferredtoaheat
reservoirat298oK.
b)(6pts)Calculatetheminimumamountofworkrequiredtoconvert1molofoxygengas
at298oKand1atmtotheliquidstateat90.13 oK(theatmosphericboilingpoint)inareversible
isobaricprocessinwhichheatistransferredtoaheatreservoirat298oK.
Datafor3aand3b:
Foroxygengas:Cp=6.96cal/mol.oK,heatofvaporizationat90.13oK=1628.8cal/mol.

CHE302(Fall97)__________________
LASTNAME,FIRST
Quiz#3
(Closednotesandclosedbooks,35minutes)
1. A.Theabsolutevalueofinternalenergycanbedeterminedexperimentally.
B.Inanadiabaticclosedsystem,theentropychangeforsomeprocessmaybelessthan
zero.
1.AandBaretrue
2.OnlyAistrue 3.OnlyBistrue
4.AandBarefalse
2.

A.TheareaundertheTSdiagrampathisthereversibleheatexchange.
B.TheentropychangeforanirreversibleprocessbetweenstatesAandBisdifferentfrom
theentropychangeforareversibleprocessbetweenstatesAandB.
1.AandBaretrue
2.OnlyAistrue 3.OnlyBistrue
4.AandBarefalse
3.(8pts)Ablockofpolymerweighing150gistobecompressedfromapressureof1atmtoa
pressureof1501atm.Assumethatthevolumeofthepolymerdoesnotchangemuchduringthe
compression,determinetheheatinJrequired(addedorremoved)tomaintainthepolymerata
constanttemperatureof300oK.Data:1atm=1.013x105Pa.
1 V

Forpolymer:density=1.2g/m3,v= V T

=8.5x107K1.

4.(8pts)Asteadystreamofairat300 oFand5atmisavailable. Howmuchworkcanbe


obtainedfromeachlbmolofairifitflowthroughareversibledeviceandleavesat77 oFand 1
atm?Thedevicemayexchangeheatwiththesurroundingsat77 oF.Assumeidealgasbehavior
andconstantheatcapacity(Cp=7.0Btu/lbmol.oR,gasconstantR=1.987Btu/lbmol.oR)

CHE302(Fall97)__________________
LASTNAME,FIRST
Quiz#4
(Closednotesandclosedbooks,35minutes)
Note:Youranswersmustbecorrectto3significantfiguresandhavetheappropriateunits.

1. A.Inaclosedsystematconstant TandP,aspontaneousprocesswillincreaseGibbsfree
energy,G,untilamaximumvalueforGisreachedatequilibrium.
B.Chemicalpotentialisanintensiveproperty.
1.AandBaretrue
2.OnlyAistrue 3.OnlyBistrue
4.AandBarefalse
2. A.Thesizeandthermodynamicstateofapuresinglephasesystemwouldbefixedbytwoof
itsintensivestatevariables.
B.ThechemicalpotentialofapuresubstanceisequaltoitsspecificGibbsfreeenergy,G.
1.AandBaretrue
2.OnlyAistrue 3.OnlyBistrue
4.AandBarefalse
U

3. A.P=

B.T=
S

1.AandBaretrue

2.OnlyAistrue 3.OnlyBistrue

4.AandBarefalse

4. A.Entropychangeofmatterfrom(T1,V1)to(T2,V2)canbedeterminedfrom
C
P
dS= V dT+ dV
T
T
B.Entropychangeofmatterfrom(T1,P1)to(T2,P2)canbedeterminedfrom
C
P
dS= P dT+ dV
T
T
1.AandBaretrue

2.OnlyAistrue 3.OnlyBistrue

4.AandBarefalse

5.(8pts)20gofwaterat0oCisplacedinalargecoldspace(areservoir)at15oCuntilit
completelyfreezes(stillat0oC).Theheatoffusionofwaterat0oCis335J/g.
a.Theentropychangeofthewateris
__________
b.Theentropychangeofthesurroundingis
__________
o
.o
Ifthefinalstateisiceat15 CandCP,ice=2.1J/g K.
c.Theentropychangeofthewateris
d.Theentropychangeofthesurroundingis

__________
__________

6. (4pts)Determinevolumeofpurewaterat25oCrequiredtoform200cm3 of72.2mole%
solutionofwaterinmethanol.
Data: Water(1)V1 (atx1=0.722)=17.840cc/mol, V1=18.0686cc/mol
Methanol(2)V2 (atx1=0.722)=38.486cc/mol, V2=40.7221cc/mol
V1=

____________

CHE302(Fall97)__________________
LASTNAME,FIRST
Quiz#5
(Closednotesandclosedbooks,35minutes)
Note:Youranswersmustbecorrectto3significantfiguresandhavetheappropriateunits.

I.Crystallinesodiumsulfate,inthepresenceofwatervapor,mayformadecahydrate.
Na2SO4(s)+10H2O(g)=Na2SO4.10H2O(s)(1)
Data:(Note:R=1.987cal/mol.oK)
Species
Hf(25oC),kcal/mol
Na2SO4(s)
330.50
H2O(g)
57.798
Na2SO4.10H2O(s)

1033.85

Gf(25oC),kcal/mol
302.33
54.635
870.52

a.Thestandardheatofreactionat25oCforreaction(1)is

__________

b.ThestandardGibbsfreeenergychangeat25oCforreaction(1)is

__________

c.IfGrxn(25oC)=25.7kcal/mol,Ka(at25oC)is

__________

d.IfHrxn=200kcal/mol=constant,Ka=1.21012at300oK,Kaat280oKis
(ln K a ) H rxn
Note:
=
T
RT 2

__________

e.IfKa(at25oC)=2.5x1012,thepartialpressureofwateratequilibriumis

__________

II.Aheatengineoperatingbetweenreservoirsat1100oKand300oKisfoundtodeliver1200
J/hrofworkwith2100J/hrofhightemperatureheatabsorbed.
a.TheheatdumpedtothelowtemperaturesinkinJ/hris

__________

b.Themaximumworkthatcouldbeobtainedfromtheengineis

__________

c.TheentropyproductioninJ/hr.oKis

__________

III.Nitrogengasflowingattherateof1200kg/hentersacompressorat1barand300 oKand
leavesat12barand450oK.Coolingwaterentersthecompressorat300oKandleavesat350oK.
Coolingwaterflowrateis1500kg/hr.Nitrogen(MW=28)isanidealgaswithC p =1.05
kJ/kg.oK.Heatcapacityofwateris4.184kJ/kg.oK.GasconstantR=8.314J/mol.oK.
a.Theentropychangeofnitrogenis

__________

b.Theentropychangeofwateris

__________

CHE302(Fall97)_______________________
LASTNAME,FIRST(8pts)
FinalExam(Closednotesandclosedbooks)
(Note: Your numerial answers must be correct to 3 significant figures. There are 26
questions with 4 points each, however you can only obtain a maximum of 100 points. That
means you can miss 3 questions and still get 100% score.).

1.Considerthefollowinggasphasereaction(Note:R=8.314J/mol.oK)
C3H8+3H2O=3CO+7H2(1)
Data
Species
C3H8
H2O
CO
H2

Hf(25oC),kcal/mol
24.82
57.798
26.416
0

Gf(25oC),kcal/mol
5.614
54.635
32.808
0

Initalmoles
2
3
0
0

a.Thestandardheatofreactionat25oCforreaction(1)is
b.ThestandardGibbsfreeenergychangeat25oCforreaction(1)is
c.IfGrxn(975oK)=195.74kJ/mol,Ka(at975oK)is __________

__________
__________

d.IfHrxn=530kJ/mol=constant,Ka=82.1at750oK,Kaat900oKis
(ln K a ) H rxn
Note:
=
T
RT 2
e.When0.6moleofC3H8hasreacted,themolefractionofCOis
f.When0.6moleofC3H8hasreacted,themolefractionofC3H8is

__________

__________
__________

2.Aheatengineoperatingbetweenreservoirsat1000oKand300oKisfoundtodeliver1100J/hr
ofworkwith2000J/hrofhightemperatureheatabsorbed.
a.TheheatdumpedtothelowtemperaturesinkinJ/hris

__________

b.Themaximumworkthatcouldbeobtainedfromtheengineis

__________

c.TheentropyproductioninJ/hr.oKis

__________

3.Nitrogengasflowingattherateof800kg/hentersacompressorat1barand300 oKand
leavesat12barand450oK.Coolingwaterentersthecompressorat300oKandleavesat340oK.
Coolingwaterflowrateis1,000kg/hr.Nitrogen(MW=28)isanidealgaswithC p =1.05
kJ/kg.oK.Heatcapacityofwateris4.184kJ/kg.oK.GasconstantR=8.314J/mol.oK.
a.Theentropychangeofnitrogenis
b.Theentropychangeofwateris
__________
c.Theworkprovidedbythecompressoris
d.Iftheentireprocessisreversible,thetemperatureoftheexitwateris

__________
__________
__________

4.Ablockofpolymerweighing100gistobecompressedfromapressureof1atmtoapressure
of1501atm.Thevolumeofthepolymerdoesnotchangemuchduringthecompression.The
polymerismaintainedataconstanttemperatureof300oK.Data:1atm=1.013x105Pa.
1 V

Forpolymer:density=1.1g/cm3,v= V T

Theentropychangeofpolymeris

=6.5107K1.
__________

5.Thefollowingclosedloopsteamcyclehasbeenproposedtogenerateworkfromburningfuel.
Q
Boiler
Pump

Turbine

Wnet

Condenser
Q
Thetemperatureoftheburningfuelis1100oC,andcoolingwaterisavailableat15oC.Thesteam
leavingtheboilerisat20barand700 oC,andthecondenserproducesasaturatedliquidat0.2
bar. The steam lines are well insulated, the turbine and pump operate reversibly and
adiabatically,andsomeofthemechanicalworkgeneratedbytheturbineisusedtodrivethe
pump.Thesteamleavingtheturbineissuperheatedvaporandthesteamleavingthecondenseris
saturatedliquid.
Your numerial answers must be correct to 4 significant figures for problem 5.

Data:
T(oC)
700
60.1
67
60.1

P(bar)
20
20
0.2
0.2

H(kJ/kg)
3917.4
254.3
2623.2
251.4

S(kJ/kg.oK)
7.9487
0.8320
7.9487
0.8320

V(m3/kg)

0.00102

a.Theworksuppliedbytheturbineperkgofsteamgeneratedintheboileris __________
b.Heatdiscardedinthecondenserperkgofsteamgeneratedintheboileris

__________

c.Theworkusedbythepumpperkgofsteamgeneratedintheboileris

__________

d.Heatabsorbedintheboilerperkgofsteamgeneratedis

__________

e.TheefficiencyofaCarnotcycleoperatedatthiscycletemperaturerangeis __________
f. A.Thefluidleavingthepumpissaturatedliquid.
B.Thereisnochangeinentropyacrosstheturbine.
1.AandBaretrue 2.OnlyAistrue
3.OnlyBistrue

4.AandBarefalse

6.ConsiderapurematerialwithNmoles
A.(U/N)atconstantSandV=0
B.(U/N)atconstantSandV=(U/N)atconstantSandV
1.AandBaretrue 2.OnlyAistrue
3.OnlyBistrue
4.AandBarefalse
7.Consider500cm3of72.2mole%solutionofwaterinmethanol.
Data: Water(1)V1 (atx1=0.722)=17.840cc/mol, V1=18.0686cc/mol
Methanol(2)V2 (atx1=0.722)=38.486cc/mol, V2=40.7221cc/mol
Molesofwaterinthesolutionis

__________

8.Astrongcapillarytubefilledwithmercuryandclosedinitiallyat20oCand1atmisheatedto
1 V

25oCatconstantvolume.Formercuryv= V T

6
1
3.5x10 atm .Theresultingpressureis
__________

1 V

=16x105K1 and= V P

9.Oneoftheprocessesinourplantusesammoniaasarawmaterial.Itisstoredasasaturated
liquidat77oFandisvaporizedinasteamheatedheatexchangerandthenexpandedthrougha
turbinebeforebeingfedintotheprocessatessentiallyatmosphericpressure.Theexhaustfrom
theturbineshouldbesaturatedvaporat15psiaandtheturbineisassumedtobebothreversible
andadiabatic.
a.Thetemperatureoftheammoniavaporpriortoenteringtheturbineis
A)210oF
B)250oF
C)290oF
D)330oF
b.WorkavailablefromtheturbineinBtuperlbofammoniais
A)140
B)180
C)220
D)260
c.HeataddedintheheatexchangerinBtuperlbofammoniais
A)490
B)530
C)570
D)610
Figure1.Temperatureentropydiagramforammonia