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# Manufacturing Processes Lab MEM564 (Sept-Dis 2015)

## UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN MEKANIKAL
UiTM (Pulau Pinang)

Program

Course

Course Code

: MEM564

LAB SHEET NO :

1.0

## TITLE: Dimensional Measurement of Screw Thread

2.0

OBJECTIVE
a. The objective of the experiment is to determine the dimension of specimen (screw thread)
using two different measuring equipment (floating carriage and profile projector).
b. To compare the accuracy of two measuring equipment used.

3.0

## INTRODUCTION (Background & Theory)

Profile Projector
This is a projection apparatus that can produce an enlarge projection shadow of an object. The
projection methods of examination are well adapted to the examination of form tools, profile gauges,
press-tools, gear teeth, screw thread etc. Sizes of the object may be checked by direct measurement
on the enlarged shadow and subsequent division by the multiplication factor. The magnification factor
is accurate and that the design of the apparatus permits maximum latitude in holding and adjusting
the object.

## Manufacturing Processes Lab MEM564 (Sept-Dis 2015)

Floating Carriage
a)

Major Diameter
Referring to the illustration:
If the micrometer reading over Standard Cylinder

= R1

## the micrometer reading over Screw Plug Gauge

the diameter of Standard Cylinder

= R2

= D1
therefore, Major Diameter of Screw Plug Gauge, Dmajor = D1 + ( R2 - R1 )

b)

Minor Diameter
Referring to the illustration:
If the micrometer reading over Standard Cylinder and Core Prisms
the micrometer reading over thread and Core Prisms
the diameter of Standard Cylinder

= R3
= R4
= D1

## therefore, Minor Diameter of Screw Plug Gauge, Dminor = D1 + (R4 R3)

c)

Effective Diameter
Referring to the illustration:
If the micrometer reading over Standard Cylinder and wires

= R5

## the micrometer reading over screw thread and wires

the diameter of Standard Cylinder

= R6
= D1

## Manufacturing Processes Lab MEM564 (Sept-Dis 2015)

Hence, the Effective Diameter Deff = D3 + P where P is the difference between the Effective Diameter and the
diameter under the wires as shown below.

The P value is a constant depending on the diameter of the wires (d), the pitch (p) and the type of screw thread,
it is found as follows:
P = 0.86602p - d
P = 0.96049p -1.16568d
British Association threads (47 1/2o)
P = 1.13634p -1.43295d

4.0

APPARATUS
a) Screw Thread Specimen
b) Profile Projector (Horizontal/Vertical)

4.1

INDUSTRIAL APPARATUS

Apparatus in the manufacturing technology . State the difference between Faculty laboratory
equipment and in the Manufacturing industry.
5.0

EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE

A briefing session will be conducted prior to students carrying out the measurement on the specimen.
Please take note of the procedures for setting up the specimen on the adjusting table. Using suitable
magnification and adjust the focusing knob to ensure the shadow obtained is sharp and clear.
Movements can be made through micrometer adjustment. Parameters to be measured on the
specimen are:
1. Major diameter
2. Minor diameter
3. Effective diameter
6.0

## RESULTS & DATA ANALYSIS

1. Take three readings for each of the parameters and tabulate your results.
2. Calculate the percentage of error for each of those parameters.
3. Evaluate the average data by compare to theoretical value by refer to Metric Standard table
for screw thread (ISO 6H).

7.0

DISCUSSION OF RESULT

## Tabulate the result using table.

Show clearly all the calculation involve.
8.0

CONCLUSION

Summarize the outcome of the experiment base on the results and analysis. Relate this to the
objective.
9.0

RECOMMENDATION

Recognize a need for improvement / modification in the system. (At least 5) incorporate ideas in the
experimental work or set-up.
10.0

REFERENCES